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The Omaha Daily Bee
THE OMAHA DEE Ii the nmt powerful business ltettr In the Mt, becsus It goes to the homes f poor and rich. WEATHER FORECAST Fnr Nehraks Psrtly cloudy. For I" I'Brtl v cloudy. For fthM leport -e page X VOL. XXXVIII NO. 200. OMAHA, THURSDAY MORNING, MAY 20, 1909-TWELVE PAGES. SINGLK COl'Y TWO CENTS. POLITICS IN TARIFF DEBATE Republican! and Democrats Taunt Each Other About Dissensions in Respective Parties. GOVERNOR JOHNSON CRITICISED Senator Bailey Objects to Statement of Minnesota Executive. FREE RAW MATERIAL HE1 f- Texan Says Democratic Party Long; Since Repudiated. ' PRICES PAID FOR SUGAR BE1 Senator Mar Chare that Sehedu l Fixed by Head of Mormon ( harrh In Interest of Factories. WAHHINNQTON, May 19. The senate dropped into a party discussion late today and democrats and republicans using at times atrong language in a good natured way, taunted each othor with the degree of dissensions each party had suffered during the consideration of the tariff. The debate Was precipitated by Mr. Bailey, who charged the republican with entering Into a conspiracy by exaggerating demo cratic distensions in order to hide their own difficulties. He ald he had by care ful observation recently become convinced "that a deliberate and systematic plan had been Inaugurated to obscure the difference on the republican olde by exaggerating and even misrepresenting the differences on this side. This statement called Mr. Hale to his feet, Mr. Bailey readily giving way to the senator from Maine. Mr. Hale assured the senator from Texas that there wu no reason for such words and added the fact wa that the newspapers selling upon dis sension In either party, dlplay themselves prominently as picturesque features. He sssured the Texan that nothing beyond that, lit hi opinion, existed in respect to Ms suspicion of conspiracy. Mr. Hale de clared that when it was all over all the republicans would support it and all the democrats would oppose it. Criticism of Johnson. Mr. Bailey, resuming, road a published interview with Governor Johnson of Min nesota criticizing the minority in the sen ale in Its altitude toward the tariff bill. "If this represents the views of Mr. John son." Mr. Bailey said, "then he might bet ter bs at home studying the tariff question than seeking democratic favor In other atates. If this Interview was authorized or sanctioned by Governor Johnson he was utterly reckless of the truth and is dis qualified for any station. His explanation is that the railroads of the south hsve In terested themselves in this legislation and have overcome the consciences of some sen ators. He aught, if lie knows that. In the cause of truth to specify who are the men to whom he refers." Defining the democratic attitude toward the tariff question,. Mr. Bailey declared that the day when democrats should favor free rsw material had passed and said that ilnclrlne wu expressed by democrats In the pant who had hoped by such favor to attract northern manufacturers. Free Haw Material Heresy. "The demociatlc irty,' said Mr. Bailey, "reruiliuted the heresy of free raw ma- tlTlul." He defended the vote of the democrats, who favored a revenue tax on Iron ore. lie ridiculed "6 per cent reduction" In ar tides of the pending bill, which, he said were for the benefit of manufacturers using the articles pending the reduction. The discission then shifted to the iron and steel schi-dule. "I was called upon and asked to vote for a duty on Iron ore by men who repre sented the I'nlted States Steel corporation or subsidiary companies.' said Senator Smith of Maryland, when pressed by Mr. . Tillman to say how he knew the steel cor potation wanted a duty on Iron ore. Mr. Smith defended his Idea for free ore as one to tneourage compelling steel corpora tlons. Jail for Traat Law Violators. Mr. Bailey, again rising, said he proposed to votct o place oil and its products on the free llrt, because, he said, a duty on It would produce no revenue and would only Increase the price of oil to the people who use It. "And yet,' he said, "two excellent gentle men iec"ntly called on me and spent an hour trying to convince me that the SiandaiJ 1)11 company wants oil on the free list." Referring again to the anti-trust law, Mr. Bailey snld that If he were attorney gen rsl with competent assistants he could break up nil unlawful combinations. It would only be necessary, lie said, to put a lew of the violators of the law in Jail. "In the southern states recently," he said, "two in. n were put In Jail ror violating the ur.tl-tiusl law and those sentences will dissolve the turpentine trust." Senator uKyner also defended his vote In favor of free Iron ore, which he said he had cast to help In breaking up the United States steel corporation. "Wherever I can vote for a free raw ma terial that will destroy one of these monop olies," he said, "1 win vote for it. I will never vote for a protective duty, but al ways for a duty for the purpose of reve nue." Declaring that Joseph F. Smith, the head of the Mormon church, every year fixed the price of beets in the Interest of the beet sugar factoiles of Utah, rather than in favor of the producers of beets. Senator Clay In the senate today called forth a characterization of his statement as "abso lutsly untrue" by Senator Smoot. himself an official of the Mormon church. Mr. Clay -declared that Mr. Smith .as president of the beet sugar factories of ltah. re ceived li,Oi0 annual salary. "He is always in favor of the factories and against the growers." said Mr. Clay. I'pon Mr. Smoot'a Aenylng this statement, Mr. Clay declined to be Interrupted further. Mr. Clay declared that votea already taken In the senate demonstrating that the finance committee hud full power to obtain agreement on its tariff bill as re ported, he favored an early vote on the bill as delay was useless In affecting the rates carried by that measure. FIRE RECORD. . Ohle Town Wiped Out. KENTON. O.. May 19. -The tows of Alger, twelve miles west of hers, was almost . entirely wiped out by fir today. Ths loss Is estimated at .'M Says Madden Took Money and Then Called Off Strike State's Attorney Severely Arraigns Chicago Labor Leader in Opening Address. CHICAGO, May 19.-State'a Attorney Wayman today 'outlined his case against Martin B. Madden, president of the As soclated Building Trades Council, . F. A. Pouchot and H. J. Boyle, labor leaders, charged with extortion in the calling and ettling of a strike called on the Joseph kllcka company of Chicago. Mr. Wayman told how the men at worn the Kllcka company, when ordered out a representative of Madden refused to o for some time, not knowing of any ... ance. Later Mr. wayman declared, the men had struck, officials of the V company were approached by rles of Madden and his associates, V" re told that it would coat 1,SC to ' le strike. . won't pay It; It's an outrage," Kllcka replied, according to Mr. Wayman. Later, the prosecutor said, Onorse S. Andrews, an engineer, went to Kllcka and told him he thought he could settle the trouble for 11,000. "We will show," continued Mr Wayman, "that later Andrews, after getting the money from Kllcka. went to Madden and Boyle and offered Madden 11.000 In $100 bills. ' 'You can't touch me that way," Madden said ard then threw the money on the floor. Andrews then placed the money on a table and covered It with a blotter. Then Madden picked it up. Soon after the strike was called off." Hangs Self With Bed Clothing Miss Eatherine Stuckey, Secretary to President of Kansas Normal, a Suicide. KANSAS CITY. Mo., May 19 Miss Kath- erlne Stuckey of Emporia. Kan., secretary to the president of the State Normal school there, commltteed suicide at a sanitarium In Grand View, Kan., across the line from here, early today, hanging herself with a rope made from her bed clothing. Miss Stuckey entered the sanitarium three weeks ago following a breakdown due, it was stated, to overwork. Miss Stuckey was 33 years of age and came of a prominent family In Kansas. TRIED TO KILL GUITEAU. NOW FACES MURDER CHARGE William Jones, Who Attempted Avenge Murder of President Oarfleld, on Trial. to WASHINGTON, May 19.-Wllinm (Bill) Jones, who many years ago attracted na tional Interest when he attempted to avenge the killing of President Garfield by shooting at Charles Gulteau, the assassin, while the latter was being removed from the court house to the Jail In this city, was placed on trial today charged with, the murder of John A. McPherson, a former marine, who was employed by Jones as a farm hand. McPherson was killed on October 11, 1908, in Jones' home, about two miles from this city, during a quarrel, Jones pleaded self-defense. F0RTNER CAUGHT IN PARIS St. Louts Forsrer, Missing Since Feb ruary, Is Run to tironnd In Europe. ST. LOUIS. Mo., May 19.-M. Dwlght Fortner, a 8t- Louis real estate operator, was arrested today In Paris according to cable messsgea received here. Fortner has been missing since February 17. He is under Indictments on Charges of obtaining $11,600 by means of a forged in dorsement on a check given him In a real estate deal which failed of completion. He is also accused of having forged his wife's signature to several trust deeds and of ob taining money thereon. His stenographer. Miss Hlldegrande Hallen, who was also a notary public, was arrested for taking the aoknowledgerrents of signatures on these documents, but was released a week ago. REVOLUTIONISTS TO PRISON Mexicans Convicted 1'nder Xrutralltr Law Given Eighteen Months' Sentences. TOMBSTONE. Arls., May 19. Magon, Villareal and Rivera, the three Mexican revolutionists convicted in the federal I court of violating the neutrality laws in I directing an armed expedition into Mexico, were sentenced this morning by Judge Doan to eighteen months each In the ter ritorial prison. The court stated that in asmuch as the Jury recommended mercy, no fine would be Imposed. Notice of ap peal to the supreme court will be filed and a strong effort made to secure a new trial. Big Sums Made and Lost . on Wheat in Local Shops Stories of how "Jim" Patten has made millions In May wheat; gossip about how Omaha grain dealers have made fortunes in a few days or over night; hearsay in the shops and on street cars, has made the wheels go around, and scores of Oma hans are buying options in wheat and have been for weeks, some losing heavily and others making money by their ventures. In the opinion of grain dealers, the com mission houses are doing a better business than for many years'. The grain dealers themselves have' had the best of the deal all along, watching constantly as they do the ticker. There are and have been "lambs." They have been cleaned many times because of the flump a short ttm ago. ' Those who stayed are ssld to have made big money, as wheat la now higher than ever. One option buyer, who recently gave 125,000 to a charitable Institution, had 114.000 in ai oils uuita uu chance to lose a greater part of It, but he sold cn s higher market, and when settlement was made he received the $14,000 and another check for tll.onO, which represented his profits. The market has been changing so sud HENRY II. ROGERS DIES SUDDENLY Vice President of Standard Oil Com pany Passes Away at His Home in New York. DUE TO STROKE OF APOPLEXY In Ill-Health Since Similar Attack Two Years Ago. FUNERAL FRIDAY MORNING Body Will Be Taken to Fairhaven, Mass., for Interment. ILLNESS LASTS LESS THAN HOUR Expecting; Quirk Summons, He Had Prepared Business Affairs for It and Properties Will Be Little Affected. NEW TORK. May 19.-Henry H. Rogers, vice president of theStsndard Oil com pany, moving spirit In the organisation of the Amalgamated Copper company, builder of railroads and philanthropist, died at his home here at 7;39 o'clock this morning from a stroke of apoplexy. Death came a little more than an hour after Mr. Rogers had risen for the day, mentioning to his wife that he was feeling 111. At 7 o'clock he lapsed into unconsciousness snd before the family physician arrived he was dead. Mr. Rogers was 69 years old. Mrs. Rogers, three married daughters, a son, H. H. Rogers, Jr., and Dr. W. J. Pulley, a phy sician who was hastily summoned, were at the bedside when the end came. While Mr. Rogers' death was sudden and unexpected, he had been In Indifferent health since he suffered an apoplectic stroke In 1907, and was almost constantly under a physician's care. His end at this time, however, was a great shock to his family and business associates, as y ester day and last evening he was cheerful and apparently normal, even to the extent of going down to business yesterday morning, where he lunched as usual In the Standard building. In the evening he visited the homes In the city of two of his sons-in-law, Urban H. Brojghten and William R. Ce where he played with his grandchildren and later, returned to hjs home for what proved the last mortal step of his great career. Funeral Friday Morning;. Final arrangements for the funeral had not been completed tonight, but It has been decided to hold services In this city at the Church of the Messiah, a Unitarian Institution, of which the Rev. Dr. Robert Col Iyer, a lifelong friend pf Mr. Rogers, is pastor, Friday morning. Dr. Collyer will conduct the services, after which the body will be taken to Fairhaven, Mass., Mr. Rogers' native town, for Interment. Ser vices also will be held there In the Uni tarian church on Saturday. The list of pall bearers had been only tentatively agreed upon tonight and accordingly was not made public The news of the death was a surprise to Wall street. Mr. Rogers was at the office of the Standard Oil company yesterday and appeared to be In good spirits. His health had been failing somewhat for several years and he had curtailed his financial operations to some extent on that account, but he continued to perform the duties of vice president of the Standard Oil com pany. . Mr. Rogers waa for many years one of the most prominent financiers of the coun try. He took a leading part In all of the enterprises undertaken by the Standard Oil group of capitalists, was vice president of the Standard Oil company, and was the active spirit In the organization of the Amalgamated Copper company of which he was president up to the time of his death. He was Interested In a number of rail roads, serving as a member of the board of directors of the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe, the Chicago. Milwaukee & St. Paul and the Union Paciflrf. Jnat Completes Blgr Rallroaff. The death of Mr. Rogers follows closely upon the completion of the great railway project to the accomplishment of which the energies of his later years, his genius for organisation and a considerable portion of his private fnrtjne were devoted. ' This was the building of the Virginia railway, a line which opened up a bituminous coal country In West Virginia, extending 443 miles from Deep Water, W. Va.,to a tide water terminal at Bewails Point, V. This road was distinctly an Individual under taking of Mr. Rogers and he personally bore the greater part of the cost of its construction, which has been estimated at 140,000,000. Mr. Rogers had embarked on his venture prior to the financial panic of 19o7 which checked similar undertakings by other large railroad companies, but the work of building this line went on to Its finish. After receiving the congratula tions of the officials and business men of Virginia upon his splendid courage which had carried his work to toe fimsn In ths (Continued on Second Page.) denly that it has been difficult to play without constant attention. A fluctuation of 3 cents either way has not been unusual in a few hours. If the man who has money In Is unknown and cannot be found, he Is wiped out when his of 1 cent margin is gone. If the market goes up, it may go down again before the order for selling is given. While bankers deny knowledge of any losses by business men. It Is asserted by experienced ones that losses hsve been heavy and could not be otherwise when only a short time ago May wheat was 10 cents under the present price and had fallen S to 10 cents within a few days. Cash dealers have not lost and few grain dealers have lost a cent on ths option buying. The cash pries on ths Omaha market has been above the option quota tlons for more than a month. It Is predicted that some of ths losses will corns to light. Upecisl agents of mere than one bonding company have been sent to Omaha to look into ths affairs of some salaried men who have been furnished bonds because of reports of the ambition f the men under such bonds to become rich "because Jim Patten did."' General Strike is Doomed to Failure Reorganized Plan Was Voted by Hot- heads and Against Better Judg ment of Conservatives. PARIS, May 19. The life of Paris wss in all respects normal up to noon today, and the general strike, decreed by the General Federation of Labor to commence today with the building trades, promises to be a huge fiasco. The movement, to he followed by strikes on the part of all the other trade unionists of France, was voted by the hot-heads agalr.st the better Judgment of the conservatives, who realised that ths time waa not ripe for such action, snd that the whole proletariat movement, which has been preparing for so long, wss likely to be compromised for years to come by failure. The government now regards the agita tion as purely revolutionary and as fore doomed to failure. The developments of this afternoon are expected to furnish ths first test of the extent and seriousness of the movement. A soldier on duty In branch postofflcs was attacked last night and almost stabbed to death by three discharged postmen. Roosevelt Bags Another Rhino Chases Wounded Animal Into Bush, Six Shots Being Required to Finish It. NATROBI, British East Africa, May W. Theodore Roosevelt has begun his hunting expedition from the Ju Ja ranch-of George McMillan, whose guest he Is. He went out last Sunday and bagged a female rhinoceros. The first shot wounded her In the shoulder and the animal fled to the bushes. Mr. Roosevelt followed on horse back, and six more shots were required to bring her down. The . head and akin weighed S32 pounds. Today Colonel Roosevelt added a hippo potamus to his big game bag. The animal was killed a short distance from the Ju Ja ranch. Edmund Heller, the soologlst of the Roosevelt expedition, returned to camp this morning after bringing here about fifty specimens of animal and bird life to be cured and preserved. Aged Pair Elope lrom Poor House Woman of 54 Imagines She is Young Girl and Runt Away with Old Man. WATERLOO, la., May IS. Mattie Cor liss, 64 years old, arL,Vn!J"bf the poor house' for" 4i years', elopeeMast night1 with Charles Dale, an- ex-eon vict. who was also an Inmate of the poor house. The woman has no conception of time, believing she Is still a Slrt. LAUGHED AT HUSBAND. SWALLOWED A PIN Surgeons Are Now Trylngr to Relieve Sad Plisrht of Woman at South Bend. SOUTH BEND, Ind.. May 19.-For many hours surgeons at the Ep worth hospital have tried unsuccessfully to remove a pin from the base of the tongue of Mrs. Frank Meak of Mlahawaka, and she Is steadily growing weaker. On Monday night Mrs. Meak was sewing and she placed a pin between her lips. She laughed at a re mark from her husband and the pin was drawn Into her throat. DANGER OF FLOOD IS OVER Kansas City Forecaster Says Condi tions In Kansas Have Been Exaggerated. KANSAS CITY, May 19.-Dangers of a flood In this section are over, according Jto Local Weather Observer Connor. "The rapid rise of the Kaw and Missouri rivers," said Mr. Connor today, "was due to the fact that both rivers were low and there fore In small channels. The heavy rains in Kansas are practically over now. This means uiat the flood danger Is gone. The reports of five and eight-Inch rslns In Kansas were exaggerated." SCANDAL IN BINDER PLANT Michigan Ex-Warden Says Agent Bribed Him to Accept Old Machinery. DETROIT, Mich., May 19. A Journal dispatch from Jackson, Mich., says ex Warden A. N. Armstrong of the prison there today made an affidavit that Milton A. Daly of Chicago paid him $1,60 for helping get a lot of second-hand machinery accepted for the state binder plant as new material. Miss Moses Scores Success. YANKTON. S. D., May 19.-t8pecial Tel egram.) Miss Myrtle Mnses, an Omaha contralto. In the college recital Tuesday evening, scored a great success in her second appearance here before a large audience. Miss Moses is now at Mitchell. Many a woman makes herspending money by using Bee Want Ads. Are you one of them? Don't let old things accumulats Mil them. Don't buy something new when you can find a bargain in one for which some one has no further use. It makes no differ ence what It Is a Uundrjr stove, or a piano. Everybody reads the Bee want ad pages. They are the bargain hunter's best hunting ground. Buy or cell the cheap little want ada certainly, do the busineba. ' - A Word of i-"TH i Copyright, 1909, by the Mall and Express Company. BOOSTERS HAVE BIG DAT Twenty-Four Towns Smile on Omaha Excursionists. SCHOOr "ctoDRElToUT' !n 'FORCE Rain at Ida Grove at End of Day Gives Weary Pllarrlms thence to Ease OH After Most Strenuous Period of Trip So Far. IDA GROVE. Ia., May 19.-(8peclal Tele gram.) Rain In torrential quantity has been falling this evening upon such of the Boosters as have ventured out of doors and a comparatively quiet night is follow ing a day of the most strenuous kind. Twenty-four towns count 'em, twenty four (24) were visited today and all this section of Iowa has heard the big noise. Not even the thunder which rolls through the heavens tonight could equal It. Receptions by school children were the order of the day. In nearly every town visited the pupils were out as a part of the reception committee and at Liverpool and Mapleton they formed a double line through which the trade excursionists ran a peaceful gauntlet. Onawa furnished the banner event of the day, that city having mustered enough automobiles, without un duly extending Itself, to convey all the visitors through the city. Mayor Harlan headed the reception committee here. In another town a one-mile march up hill was the order of the day and none side stepped it. Little Sioux voiced a protest at being overlooked, by means of circulars. The trade excursionists are formally ex pressing their regret that they could not stop off there, but it meant too much of a detour. The moving picture show arranged for tonight In Ida Orove had to be called off on account of the weather, but the return of Leroy Corliss among the missing of yes terday has offset this. Mr. Corliss over tayed his time, snd. though he sprinted, could not catch the special. However, he followed slong on the first regular train. Seventeen Stops Today. The excursionists leave Ida Orove at 7 o'clock Thursday morning and will make seventeen slops during the day, spending the evening at LeMars, one of the largest towns on the route, where It Is plannd to have a big time and give, with one ex ception, the largest moving picture show on the trip. The party will not stop at Sioux City, but go through that place at 7:15 and reach LeMars, twenty-two miles (Continued on Second Page.) Cairo People Think Bandits Are Only Belated Jollifyers GRAND ISLAND, Neb., May 19-The State Bank of Cairo, nineteen miles north west was blown up sbout 4 o'clock this morning snd badly wrecked and tft.ono se cured. Cltlsens heard three explosions, but the town had last night celebrated the carrying of water bonds and it appears to have been in the mind of everyone that the shots were fired by belated celebrators. No one arose and It was not until T o'clock this morning that ths true nature of the explosions were known. The building was badly wrecked. Including the safe. Ths men, evidently two or three In num ber, took a hand car and ditched It four miles northwest of this city. Deputy Sheriff Lslser with hounds has taken up the trail where the hand oar was ditched. The loss Is Insured, the bank at cince continuing to do business, securing the necesssry cash here this morning. Ths bank Is located In a small frame building. Two explosions, on of which Warning 3DEw'ce'ToL'AN Urge Reform in Consular Service Manufacturers' Association Favors ; CoinpTetlng Work Begun Under ' ' Recent Act. NEW YORK. May 19. Resolutions call ing upon Its members to urge congress to enact legislation that would complete the work of reform of the consular service be gun under the reorganisation act of 1906, were passed today by the National As sociation of Manufacturers. It was also resolved to recommend to congress the passage of a bill similar to that Introduced In the last congress and advocated by President Taft, providing for sufficient postal compensation to establish a swift and regular service In American built steamships to the principal countries of South America and to ports of Australia, Japan, China and the Philippines. A committee on pure food recommended that the association support the enforce ment of the pure food laws, Secretary of Agriculture Wilson and the referee board of consulting scientific experts of the De partment of Agriculture, and that the as sociation should favor harmony between state and national legislation on food ques tions. On hehslf of the members. Ludwlg Mis sen presented to Jsmes W. Van Cleave, the retiring president, a check for $10,000, a bronze plaque and a stickpin. The nominating committee's choice of John Klrby. Jr., as president, and other of ficers so selected was generally accepted by the delegates. FIGHT OVER ROAD LICENSE Missouri Attorney General Pllea Demurrer to Writ of Pro hibition. JEFFERSON CITT, Mn, May 19.-At-torney General Major today filed In the supreme court of the state a demurrer to an alternative writ of prohibition issued against Secretary of State Roach to prevent that official from revoking the license of the Missouri and Arkansas Rail road company for removing a case pending In the Newton county circuit court to the federal court. The case, which Is to be considered Saturday, Involves the constitutionality of a law passed two years ago, which gave the secretary of state power to revoke the licenses of foreign corporations, which remove cases from stste to federal courts without the consent of the parties In controversy. blew the door of the safe through the op posite wall of the building, were heard The safe was completely rsnsacked. The bank's books showed a cssh bslance last night of $8,330.80. and only a few dollars In small silver appeared to be under the debris. The vault door was also blown, but nothing waa taken from the vault. ' A forty-four revolver was taken from the bank, while the robbers left sums of their tools. Dr. Plerson wss hitching his team to make a professional call when he heard the explosion, but it did not occur to him the bank was being robbed, snd no inves tigation was mads by him er by o'her cltlsens who hesrd the two reports. )Lt night a gang of five tramps was seen near town, two of them being well dressed. Aslds from ti.ls there Is no clue. TAFT PRAISES BLUEAXD GRAY Glory of the North is in Beating tx Enemy So Strong and Valiant. PRESIDENT AT SHAFT UNVEILING Memorial for Pennsylvania Heroei Dedicated at Fort Mahone. EULOGY BY MAJOR BR0WNELL Beautiful Tribute to Bravery of Men on Both Sides. TAFT STARTS FOR CHARLOTTE Executive) Will Speak at Celebration of Annlcveranrr of MecUlenberg Declaration of Independ ence Today. PETERSBURG, Vs.. May 1.-Paylng a tribute alike to the soldiers of the north and of the south, President Tsft today witnessed the unveiling of a heroic statue In bronse erected at Fort Mshone, on the Petersburg battlefields. In memory of General Hartranft and the Pennsylvania volunteers who fell In the stubborn fight sbout this outpost of the confederate cap ital. The president arrived In Petersburg shortly sfter 9 o'clock In his private car, the Olympla. which was detached from the regular Washington train at Richmond and waa run as a special from there. The president went Immediately to Fort Sted man, where a tablet was unveiled, and then proceeded to Fort Mahone, whers ho made his first address of the day. The day waa warm, but the sky wss overcast throughout the morning and the heat was not seriously felt. The president coupled with every tribute to the union soldiers a eulogy of the valor of the con federates. "We could not dedicate this beautiful and enduring memorial," he de clared, "to the volunteer soldiers of Penn sylvania with such a sense of Its Justice snd appropriateness had they not been confronted by an enemy enpahle of resist ing their assaults with equal vigor and fortitude. Pennsylvania's pride must be in the victory achieved by its men against so brave, resolute and resourceful an enemy." The president declared the battle between the states had to be fought and that endur ing good had come of It. President Taft said In part: "My fellow Cltlsens: W are met to day on the soil of Virginia to dedicate a memorial to the bravery of the sons of Pennsylvania exhibited In a contest to the death with the suns of Virginia and the south. We stand here In the center ot the bloodiest and most critical operations of the last year of the civil war, only a few miles distant from that dramatlo scene at Appomattox between Grant and Lee which marked the great qualities of the heart and soul of csch ana; which was the real end of the terrific struggle between the two sections. "To Pennsylvsnls, as on of th great states' bf. the--tinkm.' ngged in- the de termination to save It, fell th burden of furnishing tens of thousands of men tor the struggle In the early psrt of the Una of attack, but especially In the army of the Potomac was the force of her people and their devotion to the csuse felt. "In the time which has psssed." the president continued, "the bitterness of the Internecine struRgle hss passed away and we now treasure as a common heritage of the country the bravery and the valor of both sides In that controversy. The army of the Potomac under Grant and Meade was seconded and supported by a generous government. It was hardly so with the confederate forces. Scantily clothed, rarely on more than half rations and for consid erable periods reduced to sn allowance of bacon and meal hardly sufficient to sustain life the long winter through, their shiv ering Infantry manned the ever extending siege works and made head against the vigorous assaults of the union army until their depleted ranks were no longer equal to the defense of their attenuated lines, and they gave up a contest which by mnny other soldiers but the tried and Seasoned veterans of the army of northern Virginia would long bffore have been abandoned. Pride In Enemy's Strength. "Pennsylvania's pride must be in the vie tory achlved by her men against so brave, resolute and resourceful an enemy. Th.it we can come here today snd in ths pres ence of thousands and tene of thousands of the survivors of the gallant army of northern Virginia and of their deScendsnts establish such an enduring monument by their hospitable welcome and acclaim is conclusive proof of the uniting of the sec tions snd s universal confession that til that was done was well done, that the battle had to be fought, that th sections had to be tried, but that In ths end the result has inured to the common benefit of all. The men of the army of northern Virginia fought for a principle which they believed to be right and for which they were, willing to sacrifice their lives, their homes all. Indeed, which men hold most dear. "The contending forces of now half a century ago have given place to a new north and a new south and to a more en during union in whose responsibilities and whose glorious destiny we equally and gratefully share." Eulogy by Brovrnell. Major Ishhc Hrownell eulogised the men of both the blue snd ths gray and ex pressed the hope that tiie government of the L'niti-d Stales, and all the states of the American unlwn. msy, in a fraternal and loyal spirit, unite in the building of a Joint monument to the confederate and union soldiers "which shall be commensu rate with the great sacrifices and ths un surpasFed bravery whirls characterised the American soldiers In the great siege of Petersburg." "Here, 'Near Petersburg," a familiar phrase of old war time dsys," said Major Brown, "upon the sacred eoll of old Vir ginia, made forever hallowed In th unpre cedented clash of arms and the shedding of American blood, do two great common wealths extend fraternal greetings. Look ing backward, not In bitterness, not In re sentment, bift In pathos and veneration In tears tor the sacrifices of their chlvalrlc sons, and in veneration and pride for their limitless alor. Yes, reverently do w obey the command to look backward when It Is given In the name of American blood and American bravery, but In all else our thoughts are of the future; cur enterprises, our energies, our ambitions, our fondest hopes are In the promising future wherein we took for the advancement, th uplift ing and ths greater Instrumen'sllty for good of this reunited American republic." Mature Sings Requiem. There was pathos, said Msjor Brown. In the sighing of the pines, grown to great dimensions on th Urns-worn fortification.