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OMAHA. MONDAY. MAY 24. 1900. Tire Omaha Daily Dee, FOUNDED BT EDWARD ROSEWATER. VICTOR ROSEWATER, EDITOR. Entered tt Omaha poatoffflce second riant matter. TERMS Or SUBSCRIPTION. Dally pe (without Sunday). " year. .MM I 'ally Bee and Su-iday on ytar , DELIVERED Bt CARRIER. 'HI v Ba flnrlud'ng Sunday). Pr wlt..lte I'a ly Bee (without Sunday), pw week., loo Evening Pee (without Sunday). per weeh Evening Res (with Sunday). per week 10e Sunday B-. ona year - a laturdiy Bs. on year Address all complaints of Irregularities In ..livery to City Circulation Department. OFFICES. rn.ha The Re Building. Sufh Omaha Twentv-fnurth and N. icuncll Bluffa 15 Scott Street. 1 iienln-SU Little Bulldlnc ' h'rigo 1M Marquette Building. N Ynrk-Rooma 1101-1102 No. M West i 't;-tnlrd Street. V'ihington-; Fourteenth Street. N. W. CORRESPONDENCE. T.munlcatlona relating to newa and edl- il.il matter ahould ba ddresed: Omaha . Kditorlal Department. REMITTANCES. Hemlt by draft, express or poatal order, j.avauJa to The Dea Publishing Company, i.nlv I cent atampa received In payment of mall accounts. Personal check, except on imnha or eaatarn exchange, not accepted. STATEMENT OF CTRCTDATION. ttate of Nebraska. Douglas County, aa: George B. Tsschuek. treaaurer of The lee Publish Inn company. being duly worn, say that the actual number of full ar.d complete copies of The Dally. Morning, Kvenlng and Sunday Bee printed during the month of April. list, aa (OllOWi I ss.am t S3 .000 I ,490 I 7,S0O 1 41.300 44,540 J 41.M0 1. 41AM 1,S0 19 41,400 II 17,900 ii 4i,aoo It 41.440 14 .'. . 40,890 17 41.W0 It T.1 1 40,380 19 40.800 21 40,410 2S 40,400 I 40400 14 .40 1 40,400 21 404M IT 40,590 21 404M II 10 1 40,00 i vUSO Total.. 1436,410 returned copies. ...... ,. 11403 Net total ui,i I'Hiiy average 49440 GEORGE B. TZ8CHUCK. Traaau ,er. jubmrlbed In my presence and sworn to ' .ifir ma thla let day of May, lies. M. P. WALKER. Notary Publio. WHEH OUT or TOWN. Sobaerlbera leavlaa; tha city tena .lorarlly shoald have The Be mailed to them. Address will ha ha aged aa oftew aa requested. Atlantic City la to have a church for men oniy. The real ahow, how ever, will still be down on the board walk. A Chicago glrj- who sued for breach if promise got a verdict for 50 cents. Evidently the Jury concluded that she vild not lose much. That 30 per cent Increase In com parative weekly bank clearings, which is recorded by Omaha, la "something not to be sneezed at. One of the Lincoln papers corrects another Lincoln paper by insisting that Lincoln is not JjaakVupt. We did not believe It in the first place. The Nashville Tennesseean inquires "What shall we eat?" After July 1 the pertinent inquiry in Tennessee will be "Where can I get a drink?" The Wright flying machines are to be sold at $7,500 each. Flying ma chines will ultimately be within the reach of . all when they work all right. A Jersey City minister has organ Ized a base ball nine composed en tirely of preachers.' Presumably the secular manager will have to do all the talking to the umpire. A new record price of wheat has teen made at Chicago of a shade over $1.31 bushel. Now; if silver and wheat were only linked together, as Mr. Bryan used to tell us. George Bernard Shaw is out with an appeal for a religion which "Fits the facts." A religion which would Ht some of Shaw's delineation facts would be decidedly risque. James J. Hill says all eyes are .'.irned on congress. Mr. Hill is mis taken it is the score board they are watching unless they are out at the game witnessing the real thing. Someone says marriage is a game of base ball. From the divorce court record it would appear that a large number of would-be players never irake good beyond the training seasoni Stealing women's bats Off their beads will never be a successful in dustry. Its great drawback is the dlffl tulty In getting away with the plunder unless the women first reduce the size. German experts are having races with dirigible balloons. There is one ;:tlnt where they have the advantage over track racing, there la no need for crowding on account of lack of room. ' The adverse decision on the- Mis souri 2-cent fare law Is to be appealed uu to tha United States supreme court. In the meantime anyone with the price can travel all over NeDrsska for 3 cents a mile. Testimony before the State Railway commission brings out the tact that there are 186 milling towr.a In Na ' racks' converting wheat Into , flour, Nebraska Is pre-eminently an agrtcul tural state; but Its manufacturing In terests are growing all the time. ' The Washington correspondents have commenced to figure out what congress will have to do at the regu lar session which commences In De--rmber. . Th congressmen themselves having plenty to think about In me Impending tariff bill without bor row lag distant trouble. . Joint Bate Decision. The recent decision of, the Inter state Commerce commission on the question of .Joint rates by the rail roads reaching the Portland gateway involves a moat Important principle. The commission takes cognisance of the right of a railroad so to arrange Ita ratea and route its business as to preserve to Itself the long or more profitable haul under certain condi tions, but it puts Important and de cided limitations upon the practice. It decides, in fact, that the con venience of and service to the public are paramount and that where a show ing can be made that a substantial in convenience to the traveler is entailed the railroads will not be allowed to put up an artificial barrier to give one road the long haul. In making thla ruling the commis sion has followed along the lines of others affirmed by the courts assert- ng that the railroads are public serv ants and aa such must grant through rates, through checking of ba stage and other facilities for the traveler to take the most convenient route. In view of previous decisions of the court, it is reasonable to believe that the rul ing of the commission Is enforceable In law, although appeal to the courts is already threatened. While it Is right and proper that the railroads should be protected in their traffic to the ex tent that legitimate revenue be earned, the commission reasserts the principle that artificial barriers which are In re straint of trade or which work a sub stantial hardship upon' the people are not Justified. Out of the many discouragements of the early attempts at railroad regula tion have been evolved certain and accepted well-defined rules, of which the commission Is now taking advan tage and which are rapidly correcting the abuses of railroad management without serious detriment to the roads themselves. Ultimately a fair Inter change of traffic at all points de manded for the accommodation of travel will redound to the benefit of the roads themselves and the losses which they occasion at one point will be made up at others. Starting on Economy. The administration' at President Taft has made a commencement on the work of cutting down the appro priations to be asked of the next con-J grees. The) Navy department is the first to prepare Its estimates which will be submitted at the regular ses sion In December and It 'Carries-a re duction of $10,000,000 from the, fig ures for the current year.. , This has not beeA secured by the simple lop ping off of a few large1 Items for the sake of show, but is the result of care ful scrutiny of all the many items con tained In the estimate, the taking off of a little here and some more at other points, holding each bureau and section of the service to actual- re quirements instead of permitting eaeh to scramble for all it might reach. The secretary of .' the navy . h&B visited several of the navy yards and Is making himself thoroughly familiar with the needs of the service. ' As he is finally to pass upon the estimates of his subordinates, the- knowledge thus gained should enable him to carry out the plans for economy in telligently without working an Injus tice to the service as a whole or to any branch of It . Other departments of the govern ment are working along the same lines, and If congress will do as well In resisting pressure for large appro priations there can be no question that a substantial reduction can be made in the annual expejise bill with out Impairing the usefulness or legiti mate activities of the federal govern ment. If the curtailed revenues shall prove effective fn stopping wasteful and excessive appropriations, it will not have been an unmixed evil. Dur ing the years of great prosperity and excess revenue there can be no ques tion that the tendency lay always toward lavish appropriations. Presi dent Taft announced himself as for economy and a businesslike adminis tration and he and his department heads are setting about it in a spirit of fairness which at the same time promises results. Versatile Railroad Men. If there is any man on earth more versatile than the railroad rate man it is the tax agent of the same corpora tion, He Is not only ambidextrous, but the Insulation between his right hand and his left is perfect, so that the left hand In Nebraska has no means of knowing what the right hand la doing over In Iowa. Ho has one set of figures fnd one method of elaboration which will prove poverty in Nebraska, but If they do not fit the Iowa conditions he can evolve another set for service across the . Missouri. No matter where he starts he will land his company Just Inside the Une of solvency. The representative of the Omaha road has evolved a system which when applied to Nebraska condi tions shows the actual value of the compan-y'1 line to be $37,542 per mile, while the same method of reasoning under Iowa conditions would make the lines In that state worth $121,970 per mile. As the assessment in Iowa Is much below this figure there Is bo probability that the company's tax agent will spring the Nebraska logic oa lk Iowa' board. If the public coQld only realize what a brilliant display of mathematical legerdemain Is afforded by the tax agents before the 8tate Boards of As sessment the attendance upon the meetings would be largely increased. Nothing like It is to be seen anywhere else except when a ranro'ad rate case U up In court. Tho (are is only 2 ceati per mile now snd It Is worth the money to go down and see the show, especially If you, take along a good resume of the performances In other statps or watch how the scheme which fits the case of one road falls to work out on some other and a substitute "Just as good" Is offered. Law of the Sidewalk. The city of Lincoln has been getting supreme court decisions recently on several points affecting the powers of their city government which may be applied to all municipal corporation! In this state. A little while ago 11 had the authority of the mayor and council to levy an occupation tax on the public service corporations using the streets confirmed, and now It has secured a ruling upholding their right to prohibit abutting property owners' from leasing or renting' sidewalk space for their own profit. The particular case which went to court turned on an attempt of the lessee of a store roorr to rent to a third party a five-foot strip of the sidewalk space adjoining for $50 a month In violation of a city ordinance prohibiting the use of such space in that way. The law of thf sidewalk Is laid down by the court as follows: Whatever space In a public street of a city Is get apart for the use of the public as a sidewalk the public have a right to use In Its entirety, free from any and all unauthorised obstructions, and It la the duty of the mayor and city council to see that It is kept In that condition. It Is no defense to a party who Is being pro ceeded against by the city for unlawfully obstructing a sidewalk that others are obstructing- the walks In like manner, nor Is the city estopped by reason of its past failure to enforce its ordinance against obstructions of sidewalks from subse quently removing all obstructions there from. This Is plain enough that the side walk space belongs to the public and not to the, abutting property owner and that while sidewalk obstructions may be tolerated they can never be maintained as of , right. If the city ol Omaha ever gets ' ready to clear its sidewalks of boxes, showcases, curt posts, or extension signs, Its powei and legal authority to doso cannot be successfully challenged. The Seattle Exposition. The exposition magnet for the year 1909 will be located In Seattle, where preparations are almost completed for opening the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific ex position next week. The exposition habit has a strong hold on the Ameri can people and Seattle will have a field to exploit that has never' before been brought to public attention in this way. The marvelous progress al ready made in the far northwest and the vast natural resources yet to be developed along the north Pacific and including Alaska afford material for a great object lesson. There is no reason why Seattle should not make a hit as an exposi tion city. Its enterprise has carried this big project along and its hospital ity may be depended on to see to it that all visitors are well cared for and properly entertained. . The ex position is bound to bring Seattle into the limelight and attract notice to Its wonderful growth and prosperity. The one handicap which the Alaska-Yukon-Pacific exposition has to meet Is Its great distance from the east, to whose people it la chiefly Intended to appeal, but it has a large Pacific coast population to draw from and ought to achieve an all-round success. By favar of the Minnesota supreme court our old frlund Clarence H. Ven ner has gotten an extension, on his suit to force the dissolution -of the company formed by "Jim" Hill to takt over the Great Northern ore holdings Evidently Venner and his methods are not as well known up in Minnesota as they are In Omaha, where he has oc casionally operated In the past. Iowa wants $108,000 out ofthe Pullman company for filing its arti cles of incorporation. If Iowa can get the money It will do more than even the porters have been able to accom plish with the Pullman company, and their record for getting money is un approachable up to date. The wife of Banker Morse insi.its that if her husband had been per mitted his liberty he would have paid all of his debu before this. It is not good form to chide the poor woman, but the suggestion Is pertinent" that If Mr. Morse had been honest he would have had no trouble paying his debu and also keeping out of jail. Iowa club women are enlisting, in a movement for "civic betterment of cities." Our Omaha club women have been enlisted In this movement ever since they organized their club and have several successes to their score. Omaha school men will shine on the program of the National Educational association at Denver. What's the matter with getting the N. E. A. tc meet in Omaha In the not too distant future? Kaerptleaa to Kvery Rale. Bt. Paul Pioneer Preaa. An Iowa editor haa just celebrated his 94th birthday anniversary. BtlUVhere are fhoae who Insist that the good die young. Wars the Heal Foa Begins. Baltimore American. The next congress will have presented to it a petition with a million algnera aaklng that women be given 'he right to vote. But the real fun will come when Attachments of the million will move on Washington In person to see if congreaa la reading tha pe tition and the namea. The Oklahoma Hoara . Kanwi City Times. It is announced from Washington that the case against Governor Haskell of Ok lahoma la to proceed, notwithstanding the assault made upon the government attor neys by Mr. Haskell. Perhapa the depart ment of Juattca figures that It would be difficult 10 alecl Uayerg te prosecute the case who would be entirely satisfactory to the governor. And besides, It miy en tertain the curious notion that the char acter of the federal attorneys has nothing to do with the guilt or Innocence of the distinguished defendant. plked Their (ism. Wall Btreet Journal. Any democratic pronouncements on the tariff question In the congressional cam paign neit year will have a hollow and In alncere sound. On the ultimate moral or temporal welfare of our people the result of the collapse of the party on a point of principle may be more serious. neaeflclarle of Crime, Philadelphia Record. The Vnlted 8tates circuit court of ap peala lias decided that an Insurance com pany must pay a policy on the life of a man who was hanged for killing his wife. Other courts have held differently, it has been held that It Is against public policy to enable a murderer to leave the proceeds of a life Insurance policy, although the punishment in such a case falls not on the man who has been hanged, but on hla fam ily. In Nebraska a life Insurance company has been compelled to pay to a widow the Insurance on the life of her husband, whom she had been convicted of murdering, but who had been released from prison on a pardon. Commendable Discrimination. Springfield Republican. That feature of the British budget which provides an exemption In the Income tax of toO for every child under IS years of age represents a growing tendency to favor the heads of famillea In taxation at tho ex pense of bachelors or married men who are childless. It Is, of course, a "socialistic" tendency, but Its soundness Is easily ap parent. Ordinarily large famillea of chil dren nowadaya benefit the state, in a ma terial way, much more than they do the parents; and parents who bear the burden of rearing several children deserve the In come tax discrimination in their favor, which the British government now Intends to impose. Limitations on Skyscrapers. ' Springfield Republican. Realty owners who claim the right to do what they will with the space above their land clear to the top of the sky, no matter how it affects the health or com fort or reasonable Interests of others these persona will be much grieved to hear of yesterday's decision of the l.'nited States supreme court sustaining the supreme court of Massachusetts in upholding the validity of a state's power to Impose lim itations on the heights of buildings or to grant similar power to municipalities. This la a matter coming clearly within the po lice powers of the state, and there is no taking of property without due process of law when the state pre-empts for the pub lic welfare the upper sections of a land owner's "property" In the atmosphere. Activity In Steel Mill. Springfield Republican. So rapidly is the iron and steel Industry recovering from the recent depression that the Independent concerns, which cut wagvs 10 per cent on April 1 or thereabouts, have notified their employes of a restoration of the same on June 1. This Is at least true of the Republic Iron and Steel company. Jones & Laughlln of Pittsburg and several smaller companies which participated In the reduction. The radical cutting of prices which took place two months ago has proved quickly effective In starting a re vlvalof steel consumption, and many de partments of the Industry, now have about all the business they can handle. Thua the Carnegie Steel company, subsidiary of tha United States SteeL corporation, Is operat ing 8Q per cent of. all capacity, while 90 per cent la reported for several of the Independent concerns. .About ffi.noo men were Involved In tjie April wageTeductlons and will have them restored next month. CRIMINAL LAW GROSSLY FAILS Government and Society Menaced by Jadlrlal Technicalities. . Springfield (Maes.) Republloan. The attention of many readers must have been arrested by the statement In recent news that the two years' penitentiary sen tence of Fred Warner, formerly a mem ber of the St. I.oul9 house cf delegates, convicted of bribery, had been reversed and remanded by the' Missouri supreme court. inere was no doubt about the guilt of the man, It would appear, but he gets an other trial because the Indictment Is de clared defective. We are bound to sup pose that something mighty serious had been discovered, and pray what is It? Warner's offense, as set forth, was "against the dignity of state." The learned court holds that the phrase should have been "the dignity of the state." and that beoause the last "the" was omitted this unfaithful lawmaker had been Improperly convicted! Great Is the criminal law and its amastng technicalities, and mighty helpful to rascals. Nothing better calcu lated than thla case to arouse popular contempt for the courts could be con ceived. In this connection It U Interesting to note that the "absurditlea of the criminal 'law' " are frankly admitted by Justice Robert Mayes of the Mississippi supreme court. He tells by way of illustration of a murder case In his state which had been appealed. The defendant was charged with killing his man, and the Indictment alleged that the victim "did then and there lan guish for a period of twenty hours and then died." The supreme court reversed the case because it was only alleged that the victim "did then die." If It had been set forth In the Indictment that he 'Mid then and there die," no second trial would have been required. In anether rase the man who drew the Indictment alleged tbat the defendant "did then and there wilfully and felonloualy set fire to and burn" a barn. The supreme court ordered a new trial because the Indictment failed to charge that the burning was "malicious." When Justice Mayes. In his addreaa at a recent meeting of the Mississippi Bar as sociation, said that "I condemn in un equivocal terme a law 'that maka auch decisions necessary ' and ' makes a farce of Justice," he voiced popular feeling. Laymen will be interested In .the ex planation given by this Mississippi Judge of the survival cf such absurdities In the criminal law: "If property rights were to be made to depend upon such farcical technlcalltlea as Is the life, the peace and tranquillity Of the cltlsen, auch law wnuld be torn up root and branch. Society feela that it haa a direct Interest In the law which controls civil rights, consequently there has been a steady development of this branch of the law, but society does m t feel this di rect Interest in the criminal law, and for thia re son there haa been little or no Im provement aince the t'nlted States became a nation." Thla 'explanation does not explain. It will not do to hold "aoclety" responsible for the Infinite folly crmplalned of. What are honorable lawyers and bar associations for If not to help (rak their profession and the courts efficient and entitled to ths popular respect? Greatly to be despised is the cfiminal law, in the light of such manifestations, and the lawyvrs are te blame (or IV Washington Life hart Bketohea of Isold eats s.aa Bplo4e that Stark the Progress of IniU at tha VaUoa'a Capital. Senator Smoot of I'tah and Senator C'um mlna of Iowa have attracted more than average attention In the aenate since the extra sessloti began. On the pending Issue of tariff revision they are ranged In op poring eamr. Senator Smoot supports the crmmittee measure, while Senator Cum mins rsnks as an "Insurgent republican" who Insists on genuine revision downward. The Washington correspondent of the Brooklyn Kagle calls attention to the prominence of both In legislative matters and sketches their characteristics in a friendly spirit. According to the writer. Senator Smoot has. shaken pff the depres sion occasioned by his long fight to retain his seat, and haa become a right-hand man for Senator Aldrlch in the tariff battle. "Smooth has been a revelation, and not one of the Endowment house kind, either," said a republican senatcr. "During the hearings on the tariff he amnxed us by the breadth and depth of his knowledge. A man- came before us the other day with some samples of cotton cloths. Smoot took them and felt them critically with his fin gers, and told the man offhand the nimber of threads per square inch, cost of manu facture and other details that only cotton experts would be expected to know. He has done the same kind of atunt with many other articles, and haa been a con stant source of wonderment to us." The secret of Smoot's knowledge then came out. It seems that he has been a wool grower and a woolen manufacturer. He has been a banker and a practical buslneas man. He was the principal buyer and at one time the main superintendent of the great Institution in the Mormon church, the Zlon Co-operative company, handling hundreds of thousands nt dollars worth of goods every month. Ho Is a verltablo Jack-f-all-tradt-s. Smoot made the oldlimera' eyes oyen, too, with his willingness to work.. He has put in in average of twenty hours a day for weeks. He haa lost much weight by his devotion to work. . Aldrlch deserted tho field on the sec ond day of Dolllver's vicious attack on cotton and woolen goods schedule. He left Smoot alone to defend. The latter was also required to carry the main bur den of defense against Cummins' on slaught on the steel schedule. The same meekness and humility which marked Smoot's demeanor during the days of the fight fo- his teat is still present, but in less degree as he champlona the Ald rlch bill. He haa an endless array of definite facts at his command about the cost of production, wages, profit, ' trans portation charges and other details. He has an embarrassing way of quoting fig ures . and asking pointed questions. Ho was breaking dowr. Cummins' speech the other day by injecting statements which didn't agree with those of Cummins. "I refuse to be interrupted further, tes tily exclaimed Cummins, and I auk the senator from Utah to take his seat." Senator Cummins has made two speeches since coming to the senate. First he talked about an Income tax. It was Interesting to note how the oldtimers watched Cum mins In his first trv nut AMIK U., I.. Lodge and the rest looked upon him with suspicion aa a trouble maker, jand they wanted to see how he handled himself In action. They paid him the great compli ment of sitting as still aa Images In their chairs, screwed around bo as to keep their eyes glued to the far left-hand corner of the chamber and heard him to the fin ish. Cummins' bold speech shocked his colleague, Mr. Dolllver. into the first real activity he has shown In years. "Cummins has the ' same Chautauqua style of oratory that so many of these new western senators have." remarked a man In the gallery. "He hisses his a s, bites his words In two at one point and aing-songs them at another." You are always aurprlsed on seeing Cummins after reading his military rec ord. He's not the kind of fighter that Champ Clark or Bob LaFollette Is. Clark believes in the bludgeon and the battle ax and friendship with his foe is Im possible when the fray is over. LaFol lette Is much the same kind of a bel ligerent. Cummins, on the other hand, fight fiercely while the battle la on, but being thoroughly human, la willing to concede something to his enemy and shake hands after It is all over. He la a good mixer and at a dinner can laugh at a political foe's Joke or tell a story Just as well himself. Already he Is popular with that aet in Washington which enjoys dinner giving, and Is en tering largely Into the social life of the capital. Major Alexander Me.Domell, clerk of the souse of representatives, Is the president of a thrlylng bank up- In hla home town of Sharon. Pa. In his younger days he ran a country n wfpai r. A party of friends ware sitting In his office recently when one of them asked: "Major, how did you become a finan cier?" "Well." said he "when I was a boy and went to Sunday achoil they gave Ua a red ticket for every hundred versev of the Bible we memorised. For ten red tickets wo got cne blue ticket and for ten blue tlcketa we got a nice, leather-bound Bible, It was hard work for me to commit veraea to memory and after I had learned a few hundred of them I found thlt by shooting accurately with a marble I could accumu late more 'blue tickets than I would earn by memorizing In a lifetime. 80 I let the other boya get the tickets and then I played marbles for them. I had more Bibles than any other boy in town." "But what did you do with the extra Bibles?" M tr!"1'''1 them ,or mBrh''." aaid the Waxlnar Fat on Hay. Boston Transcript. The recent exploitation of "alfalfa muf fins" at an agricultural convention In Kan saa aeema to have taken nr.iin.i , ' 1 . v t. I 1 1,111 H I Creighton unkvcrslty In Omaha, where a numDer or the studenta have organised themaelvea Into the "Alfalfa Hay club" their purpose being to demonstrate ths value of thla product for human hi.i n-, It. when properly prepared, are made geroa. muirins. musn, and pancakea, Snd the green meal for aom numm.. i ... through a bleaching procesa which makes 11 agrees!. le to tne eye as well. as to the palate. Many fanilHea in that rli'v i making the experiment. If found aa satis factory as tne rirst reports would Indicate, there need be no fear of famine in that section of the country, since the alfalfa can be raised in large and unfailing quan tlttee on Irrigated land. At present, how ever, the alfalfa flour costs about as much as wheat. Too Mat-h Johaaoo. Kansas City Btar. What Senator Bailey says In denunciation of Governor Jrhnaon of Minnesota makea it clear that Mr. Johnson is not Standard Oil's candidate for the democratic presi dential nomination in 1111 WAYS OF SECRET SOCIETIES How the lllark Hand. Mafla. rem mnrrm aod Other f'rlaelaal Or When a new member Is admitted to the "Black Hand" society he first of all smesrs a small figure of his own favorite saint with hli own blood. The figure is after ward set on fire, and while It Is burning the candidate repeat the oath of the as sociation as follows: "I swear on my honor to be faithful to the brotherhood As this saint and drop of my blood are destroyed, so will I shed all my blood for the fraternity; and as these ashes and t ht-t Hood can never be restored, so can I never become free from the brotherhnnd." Then the initiate has to draw a revolver snd shoot at a cruciflc to show that he would be willing at any tlm to kll his nearest relation or most intimate friend If commanded to do so. He Is then A full member, and Is said to be a wearer of the "red antle." His namo aa a member is not entered in any books, but Is duly forwarded to the headquarters and then It is communicated by word of mouth to all the other members of the district where he lives. The Commorra of Naples are much like the Maffia, Those who Join have to swear a horrible oath of secrecy, and even so It Is. not until they have been tried and found true that they are accepted for full membership. The new member Is given two daggers. On the hilt or each Is graven the mystic sign of the organisation. The sign Is. however, changed from time to time. The Commorra have a strange form of greet ing. When the Commorrlst believes any one he meets to be a member ho grips him by the throat with his left hand, and with the right draws his knife from his sheath. The other, if member, at once gives the pass word, and shows both his knives, after which the pair empty the contents of their pockets In a heap, and share and share alike. .Amongst the most notorious criminal so cieties of the present day, evldance of "" srewsome activity appears In the i)iiei mi rrequent Intervals, are the Rox era In China, the Hatchet Boys In Cali fornia, the Apaches in Paris, the Hip Sings in San Frnnclsco and Lcs Freres de la Cote all over France. Most of the Chinese secret societies al though their objects are aa bloodthirsty aa any other, have more peaceful passwords and signs, and they are generally asso ciated with the national pastime of drink ing tea. Thua the Hip Sings of San Francisco, when drinking tea In a Chinese restau rant, communicate with unkhown members by the way they handle their cups, which they place In a certain manner, and by giving a peculiar direction to the apout of the teapot. The Tentschsklsts. an Armenian secret aoclety. which haa terrorised the Armenian communities in all the big cities through out the world, has had its headquarters established In London for many years, first at Shepherd's Bush and now at Peckham. London Answers. THE PRESIDENT AT PETF.RSBl'RG Amot Perfect Speech" on Famous Battlefield. Indianapolis News. President Taft made an almost perfect speech at the 'Petersburg battlefield. The perfect speech of this kind has been made once-and all the world has conned it since., So any one that comes to any oc casion of thla gort labora under a disad vantage that varying circumstances do lit tle to remove. There la In the unveiling of monuments the story of valor on both sides, each enhancing the other, to be told, with reflections on a united country., And no year goes by that the theme Is not illustrated many times over, so that to come to it with worda that shall arrest attention, with thoughts that shall find place in the memory Is to do an unusual thing. This the president did In his Peters burg speech. " It Is iot long. Like all of his outgivings it haa the quality of brevity which ia the aoul of wit. We trust that it will be generally read, for every rend ing of it will make a better cltlxen of the reader. The president has had the good fortune to call up, in a few words, a graphic pic ture of what made this spot "the center of the bloodiest and most critical opera tions of the last year of the war." Possi bly it is this that glvea to his words their unusual weight. Every one knows that has read the hlatory of the war-that, aa this last year began, and with Grant and Iee locked in their bloody embrace, it was war, indeed. There had been fields of carnage, many of them, . whose story will rank with the world's saddest stories of lh!i kind. But In that last year, after three years In the making, two arml.s confronted each other that were probably the equal In valor, discipline and high fighting qualities of any that the world haa ever seen. An the "volunteer" quali ties so beautiful, and often so brilliant in many things, had been hammered out by the long ,-irife and in their place the veteran quality had been hammered in. And one can not read the awful story of what followed from the Wlldf rne.-s to Pe tersburg without a sense of horror and helplessness, of looking at the workings of fate, of realising that the nations of the earth, are but as dust In the balance before the Almighty. It may be this background of life of the imagination that gives to President Taft's worda an apposlteneaa unusual as I a Jeafa DrosDeritv lies in the ear tha?! a jest s prospemy it's in the ear that hears It rather than the tongue that utters ! It. Bo thla as It may, hla words met the occasion with a completeness, a force, a , . , , 1 1 , , I . . . . . . . . ...... , u a . 1, lliv vyim 1 1 mill . 11 la hla added good fortune that this is so. Ralslaar (be Maine Wreck. Philadelphia Ledger. Admiral Slgsbee. who commanded the Maine when it waa blown up in the hirbor of Havana, has been expressing himself aa opposed to an attempt to ralae the wreck. He thinks that it is not worth while, (lrst. betauae the wreck is not a very serious obstruction 10 the harbor, and secondly, because it would b Impossi ble to raise the battered battleship In its .nllr.lu ,.H If I, !... l., , " i' "'-; we ahould be accused of trying to coneeul something. He believes that the Board of Inquiry reported correftly that the ex plosion waa from an external mine and that that conclusion should be considered final. One answer to this Is that It Is not so considered ' universally, w hile the desire of "concealment" actually haa been ' suspected from the refusal to attempt tho raising of the wreck. Admiral Luce and Admiral Chadwick. both alio members of the board, have urged that the wreck should he removed, both In the Interest of historic certainty as well as of Interna tional comity. Wrbraakaa Off for Karope. CHICAGO, III.. . May ?3. -(Special.) Among the cabin paasengera who aailej for Kurop from New York Saturday on the new Hamburg-American I In steamer Cleveland wre the following from Ne braska: Mr. and Mrs. Frank Johnel. Mrs. C. Bowln of Kearney, Neb., and Mr. and Mrs. Olaf Hanson of Omaha, Nb. TE5E0NAL NOTES. Great Is the wireless: A PhlladelrMan Suffering from indigestion used tlie w re. less t.i consult hls.fiirlly physician on sn ocean liner an.1 received a prescription that promptly proved helpful. Roger 1. o'Kelly. a negro of Kalrtgh. V. C. who was botn deaf and dumb anil has only one eve. the other having been re moved hecmise ef an Injury itistalned while tiUvIni foot hall hna heen admitted to the bar. " In a fight between two shopgirls and tha proprietress In a bakery hi New York City the combatants threw brfnd at each other as the upshot of a discussion of social su periority. The result as t tin t each of ths combatants succeeded In breaking through the upper crust. When L. J. SatterfMd of Mllford. Del., mnde an Investigation to see why a cigar . that he was smoking would hot draw, he found a diamond, estimated to he worth over WW. Imbedded in the filler. It Is sup posed that the Jewel was dropped Into tha tobacco by a packer befrre the cigar waa made. Mrs. Marion Crawford, widow of the late novelist, has removed to Naples, where she will reside with her married daughter. Slgnora Pletro Hoeea. Under the terms of Mr. Crawford's will 'his library and his rnanusrrlpts go to his son. Harold. His son, Bertje, receives the greater part of the estate, nnd will devote himself to com merce. Matthew Wilson of Pyssrt. Is., claims lo have Invented a process of welding rorper and steel. He also says he has weWed two pieces of copper as solidly a If they were molded. He exhibits 1n his shop here a hammer, the handle of which is of copper and the face eft steel. He can he seen pounding an anvil any day with this ham mer. He says his process of welding Is the first In the history of the world to prove successful. One of the most notable instances of lon gevity In modern times Is that of Mr. Sam uel Salyers, now residing near Norton. Vs., at the advanced age of 117 years, aaya Lea lie's Weekly. He haa been living In a little ! log csbln for thirty-five ears In surces sion. Mr. Sslyers was justice 01 me. pen for twenty-five years In Wise county, and served In that capacity after he had passed his 100th birthday, being. It is believed, the oldest Incumbent on record of such an of fice. CO!W ER.MXU CASHED GOOD". Very "mall Peroesttaja Carry , Adnl teraata.' Cleveland rialrr lealer. Chief Wiley of the government bureau of chemistry, comes to the aid of the Amer ican canners and, gives their goods a rec- . ommendation for purity that, ought to ba of appreciable value both to them and to the public. In some quarters an Impression ( persists that supplies bought In 'ce-ns aro likely to contatan adulterants, if not active . poisons, and that one who would preserve his health had better forswear the brightly labeled tins and stick to food In the forms recognized by his fathers. This Is all wrong. Chief Wiley aaye so. Having personally conducted various poison squads and been actively engaged In seeing that the pure food law was obeyed, the chief ought o know. People will generally acknowledge that he does know. The Wiley pronunclamento In favor of canned goods is contained In a letter to the chairman of the executive committee of the national organization of canned goods men. "Taking the whole matter of canned goods together ,' he' saya. "only an ex tremely small percentage of them ever con tain any added substance whatever, except food and perhaps a little salt or Sugar." Again: "I am, as you know, a believer In canned goods and in the canning process. I think it Is a blessing and a blessing which Is not in disguise." Food products in caaa nnter Into, the dally consumption of practically every fam ily in the land nnd It Is a matter of com fort to be thua assured thst the puhlic is not being cheated or poisoned. It is well for people to know that the canners are not engaged in a conspiracy for breaking down the public health; well to understand that canned goods are . Kerienilly whole some and may he crnsumed without fe.ur. POINTED PLEASANTRIES. "You say lre that the police 'hustled' the prisoner to JhII." remarked the copy reader, poising a large pencil. "I've been saying that for twenty years," replied the reporter. "Well, It doesn't go In this town," waa the reply as the pencil fell. "The records prove that our police are not hustlers." Philadelphia Ledger. ''Suppose, I run in a foot note here and there." 1 "Can't you hold your reader's Interest without police methods?" "Police methods! What on earth do you mean?" "Don't you 'run in' the foot notes to ar rest attention?" Baltimore American. Doctor (to lawyer going through the medical museum Your profession doea not offer any opportunity for the collection of professional relies. Lawyer. I am not so sure about that. 1 have a unique collection of family skeletons at my office. Puck. She What did papa fay when you asked for my hand? r He Why, he couldn't shy 'a worfl. She-He couldn't? . , He No; your mother.' Was- there! Yonkers Statesman. ' " Dolon Ho Casey was running me down an' e stood up for me? . t'alahan Ui did, Ol els to him, "Casey, ye're no coward and work hard an' pay yer dibts an' ye dn't get drunk an' lick yer wolfe but in other respects ye re no better than Dolon:" Judge. First Younk Turk: "How toon are we ta Jump on the new miltan?" Second Young Ditto: "Not until he has time to hide away a pot of money." Cleveland Plain Dealer.,. ' . "In thls matter of quick thinking. said ,he base ball umpire, "all the bouquets go the players; and yet we fellows have to think as quick as they Ho. If not a little quicker. If a player wmka his thinker too aillW UU IIC KIM. II" OH ' ' il VJ.. II. 4 get a pop bottle. Chicago iriDune, "What will you say to the consumer when he demand an explanation?,' "The usual thing." answtrred Mr. Dustin Stax. :' What Is that?" .. '- " 'PUase remit.' " Waauluaton SUr. HIS FATHERHOOD. - Coventry Psmore. My little son, who look'd from thoughtful eyes. And moved and spoke In quiet grown-up wle. I . I , . I. . ...... n . U 4i.'nt....r.jl MII1B J ' "-J-i,i iiino u...r,,Ul I struck him. and dlsmlss'd With hard words and unkiss'd His mother, who was patient, belrwr dead. Then fearing lest his grief should hinder sleep ' I vlilei his bed. But found hltn alumterlng d'-op. With darken d eyelids, and their lashes yet From ills late sobbing wet. Kissing away hta tears, left others of my Anil I, Willi loiiaii. ow n. For. 1111 a table diawn lnlile his head. He bad put within his reach. A box ofroonters an I a red-veined atone, A 1 iece of gluts abraded by the beach. And or t-ven shellii, A ixittle Willi bluebells. And two French ropiwr -ilns. ranged there To comfort hia sad heart. So when that niKht I pray'd ' Te O01I. I wept and aaid:' "Ah. when at Ut wre lie with tranced bnath. Not vexing Thee In death. And thou remenibrest of what toya W made our Jo s. How weakly nnd miond.r Thy great cimmnnded good. Then, fatherly, not lens Than t, whom Thou hast moulded from the clay, Thou It leave Thy wrath and say, -'I will be sorry for thy chlldlshnees.'