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THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE : MAY .10, 1000.
44 Mailed Fist of the Mikado" Tells of Japan's Police Work in Korea t ' ' '''!'' - ' .;- ' .: " ' , -. ' . . ' - i ': , ' ; - . ' - , ... " - -.,,- . ' . . -' t :,:.-v . " , - "" .. : ' '' ' ' :' s, - ". V.1 '- V. ''';' . "" - ' '' " ". ' ft '"","J-J ."'''""''' , ', ; : f v "... .'V .5 -t . . -4 a , . . ; ' j , ... . (. ';:: -MkV' V&-.SJte ft. l-.'.-.a '4 A tt. AWVK these x 1 GENERAL HASEQAWA, "THE M AILED FIST OF THE MIKADO." 'li(V1 (Copyright, 1900, by Frank Q. Carpontpr.) iiSULL, 1909. (Special uorrcBponu- S ence of The Bee.) Have you I ever heard of Yong-ian? li ! Hrrui. viiy ill un in ning. ThouMndi of workmen are now building It and the structure! being erected will, when completed, coat mHllona. It has one palatial residence which 111 be finer than any other building In the fur east, outside of that of the crown prince nf Japan. It will cost 600,000 yen, and it could not be built for that many dollars on United States soli. This will be the home of the commander-in-chief of the Japanese army In Korea, and It will be equipped for grand entertainments of every description. It will have ftfty-stx rooms. Its dining tables will seat 300 guests at one time and its dancing hall will accommo- much the snmo way that the Russians built their new town of Dalny at the end of the Manchurlan mllrpad, which is now owned by the Japanese. In the shuffling of the international cards for the stake of Korea there Is a bare possibility that at some time in the far future Tong-san may bo one pf the prizes which will go Into the hands of Russia taking the place that Dalny has now In the hands of Japan. At the preesnt Tong-san Is about the liveliest Japanese spot In Korea. A great deal of grading Is being done. Korean laborers, under the direction of Japanese overseers, are cutting down the hills and leveling the valley. They are putting up dirt walls about some of the big build ings, which look almost like fortifications. They are making drains and digging foundations. A system of water works has been put In which supplies the mill- several thousand of these are here In Seoul. There are a score or more of great two-story brick structures already erected, which are now occupied bv the men, and there are similar buildings for the subordinate headquarters filled with offices and barracks for non-commissioned officers in every branch of the service, I doubt If Uncle Sam houses his troops anything like as well ns the mikado dues young Japanese. The barracks are stantlally built as any structures In Ited States. They are well de- and well lighted, and every man right amount of air space. They sire heated by Russian stoves which are built up In the corner of each room. The soldiers sleep on spring beds, they take hot baths once & day and their food Is carefully prepared. MILITARY OFFICES AT YONQSAN. another street mnny other large ibrlck buildings are rapidly rising, and on the sides of the hills, overlooking this mngnlfl cant country, are long lines tif cottnges, built In Japanese stylo, but much warmer than those of Japan. They are the homes of the colonels, captains and lieutenants. The palace of the commandcr-ln-chlef, referred to at the beginning of my letter, Is still farther on beyond the army head quarters, which In else correspond some what to that of one of the great govern ment buildings at Toklo. This residence Is being constructed of steel and red brick. It Is of three stories and basement, as Prince Ito says. There Is no doubt, however, but that he believes in a strong hand belrg tired In Korea, and that he Is able to wield it If the same should be ordered. The main object of my visit to Yong-son today was to meet the general ad have a talk with him. My audience took place In hlu headquatters, and we drank tea and smoked cigarettes as we chatted together through the medium of Mr. Kouroda. General Hastgawa Is now 69 years of age. He began his life In the army at 22 as a major and rose to be a colonel six years later. He was a major general In 1880, and he commanded a brigade In "lie and It Is by the far the finest building japan-Chlnrf war. At that time he -was ever begun In Korea. It will have every noted as a hero of Port Arthur, and In the modern Improvement and will be one of war with Russia he again won his spurs the wonders of this part of the far east, as the commander of the Imperial guards- l -V .... . .. -r ) SU-f!" '''v ---'M m . r ) a lSJ ' fr :.' s r.r4 U . - '"1 I is ' ' " ' ' ? " ''., if;,l . .". I .j.' " "'Ji ' i f .;. svt'i Ml - ! r - ' .. X.". I . ' . ' ' " 'l.. . ' v ' 'i ' ........ . v k , . . , .... . ' , f ' ' During my stay I went through the kit- The building Is still in the scaffolding, but men under General Kurokl. leading It to date a crowd of 900. Yong-san la to be the tary ctty wlth pure water from the moun. muiiary capuaj oi .orea, ana aajoining it talni neai.DV( and ,treets, crossing Is a large territory which will be devoted nother at right angles, have been to the railway officials and other such men. UId out ooverng almost the whole ter- Altogether the settlement will form the rltory- Roughly speaking. I should ssy nucleus of a great Japanese city, which there , room on the lte for geveral hun. will extend toward and embrace Seoul, ,,.,, .ni0 Br.A v,n , which is now two miles away. The Tokyo of Korea. It was to see Yong-san and to have an Interview with General Haaegawa, the commander-in-chief of the Japanese forces In Korea, that I rode In company with Mr. Takouma Kouroda out from Seoul In my Jlnrtksha this afternoon. Our way was through the wide street which leads to ihe gate known as Kandalmon, a mighty struc ture of stons, with two heavy roofs of black tile, one above the other, eoch deco rated with demons. The crowd waa thick all the way to the gate, nd there we had to turn and make our way around nt the side, the gate being now too small t ac commodate the traffic. The wall of Seoul, Which extends clear around the city, a.nd hleh, until lately, was closed every nlsht by great doors plated with Iron, has ha to bo cut at this point, and two wldo roads mart.? nt each aide. These go right through tl-.o xvpY, and the gate its If has been built shout with granite so that It stands there t a beautiful monument. It has gorgeous electric lamps at teach entrance, both In liud outside the city, and It is a fit mark f the union of the past and the present. A few years ago the only buildings beyond this gate were scattered thatched huts hugging the wall. Now. the wide roid which has been made from there to the niver Han is lined for a mile with Japanese and Coroan buildings, and there are many foreign structures as well. The Corean electric street car line, belonging to an American firm, has a reijular serv ice, which takes one to the Han, which Is about three miles away. And not far from the gate Is the chief railroad depot of Seoul, at which one can get cars for Chemulpo to take ship for China, or go on tho trunk line about 300 miles north to the edge of Manchuria, or by an equal dis tance south to Fusan, where a night's ferry over the Strait of Corea will put you In Japan. We passed many soldiers on our way down this road. There were cavalry on horseback crowding the Corean traffic off to the side, and now and then a oompany of Infantry, dusty and tired by their long march from the Interior. We went by scores of bullocks loaded with fuel, great bundles of overgrcen branches, a half ton in weight, which rose high over their heads and hung down at the sides almost to their feet. We paused carts of lumber the boards tied up in strings, and bullocks drawing all sorts of building materials. There were many women, both Japanese and Coreans, and gorgeous batted yang uans or Corean nobles, on foot. I remem ber one who dashed by me riding a bicy cle. His long pink gown floated out on the air, his black hat wobbled and his fat feet of padded cotton went up and duwn on the pedals. Japan's Military Concession, We went fully two miles before we reached the limits of the military conces sion. Here the street car line branches off and goes on under the railroad to tho right, making Its way down to the river. The wide roads leads straight pn through the new city. At the right Is a large drill ground where several regiments of troops could exercise at one time, and above It are hills spotted with grave mounds so thick that they seem to bo sown and grown as a crop. From here on fur several m.les on both sides pf tho road all the land has been granted to the Japanese. The area covers thousands of acres, and It is some of the most valuable laud In the vicinity of Seoul. It originally btiloiiged to the emperor, but be sold It to the Japanese hjt less than KO.OuO gold dollars. The sale has been much criti cised by the Koreans, who claim that the ground waa worth sev ral millions and that the sale was a forced one. Never theless the Japanese government has now clear UUo to it, auil is exulwiUiva it U chens of some of the establishments. It was was about time for dinner, and great tubs of steaming rice had Just been taken from the fire, while fried fish and vege tables were being ladled out on the plates of polished aluminum. In order to make the camp equipment as light as possible all the dishes used by the men are of this metal, the rice for each 'being served in an aluminum box of about the sise of that which holds 100 cigars. Each man gets such a box of rice at every meal and a fixed supply of fish, vegetables and sauce, which Is varied in character from day to day. The food woe put up in such por tions on trays, each of which carried twenty-four plates and rice boxes, and these trays were carried by men to the dormitories nearby. All of the Japanese soldiers now wear European shoes. I Judge they still find them uncomfortable, however, for I noticed at the entrance to each barracks great rows of these shoes outside In the halls, and that the men, as as they Jumped from their couches and the walls have been finished, and It Is victory at tho Yalu and the battle of Liao about ready for roofing. It will probably yang. He was made a general In 1904, and be completed during the year. The com- after that battle was appointed head of the mander-ln-chlef of the army of Korea Is lower In rank than the resident general, and I am wondering what will be the home of the latter when It Is constructed. It may be that It Is to add to the Impres sion that prevails here as to the mighty power of the Japanese army, and be a living evidence of Its unlimited riches and strength. Mlkado'MUliiry Flnt. The hand of the emperor of Japan In his ruling of Korea Is for the present, nomln- army In Korea. He Is now practlcAlly at the top of the Japanese military regime, and should there he a war with any for eign power the probability Is that he would be in command. General Hasogawa looks like a soldier. Indeed, he reminds me much of our Gen eral Lawton, who was killed In the Philip pines. He has the same slemrer figure, the same erect bearing and an eye which Is equally piercing. He has a Jaw of Iron, high cheek bones and a high, broad, but rather receding, forehead. His eyes are almost straight, and his nose is larger than ally at least, gloved with velvet. Inside that of the ordinary Japanese. His face try will be practically quiet." GUARD AT THE GENERAL'S HEADQUARTERS. world, and they have not been appreciated they died off and gave workers a free even by the government at Seoul. For gen- field for themselves. At present the brlg- erations bands of brigands have Infested ands are being recruited from this Idle the mountains and have come out now and class. They fight not so muoh on grounds then to prey on the lowlands. They have of patriotism aa because they will do noth- held up the farmers and blackmailed the lng else." villages. If they were Informed upon the Informers were sure to meet wtlh death Korean Sodlers. sooner or later and the village might bo "What will Japan do as to the soldiers burned as a matter of vengeance. These of Korea T Will It train the boys hero bands are generally without organisation, so that they may form a part of Japan's but there Is one chief who has many fol- army of the future? Tho Koreans num- lowers. His home Is in the mountain fast- ber about 15,000,000, and If they will fight nesses between here and Gensan. We know they will make quite an addition to your who he Is and hope to catch him. At pros- already large army." The geilcral laughed ent our soldiers are after these robber aa he replied: bands. They are so scattered that it will "I should not encourage such a plan, take a long time to wipe them out, and we and It Is not In accordance with our believe that there are thousands of thorn, scheme for bringing about the Indopend- When we have disposed of them the coun- ence of Korea under Japanese protection. that all the ground not devoted to the stood at attention as I passed with their military establishment will be with Japanese buildings. taken up colonel, were In their stocking feet. Japan's New Barracks. The new barracks now going up, many of which are already completed, show that the Japanese Intend to keep a large mill- Homes for Officers. The barracks I have referred to are built around a great parade grounds, at one side of which Is an office building, where I was presented to the commanding general the glove, however, there Is a fist of Iron, and the man who represents this ir Gen eral Haaegawa, one of the most famous soldiers In his majesty's army. He Is commander-in-chief of the garrison In Korea, and as such has entire oontrol of military affairs on tho peninsula. He be lieves In ruling the people with a strong hand, and if he had his will he would. I am told, Institute a military directorship and stop what may be called the humanita rian foolishness now carried on by Uncle Sam and the emperor of Japan in trying to train up weak and corrupt nations to the ability of governing themselves. Gen- Is full of red blood, but It Is bronsed from his life In the field. He wore today his military uniform, which is the color of khaki, and on the breast of its coat I noticed eight silk loops, upon which he hangs his principal decorations of honor Korea's Idle Officials, "Do 5'ou mean that tho Koreans will atop fighting and go to work?" "Not altogether," waa the reply. "They The Korean soldiers might do well enough In the rear, and we could use them for the heavy work of our military operations, as transports and laborers. We would not dare put them at the front" "How about tho charges that your sol- repiy. iney nerg ar0 oppressing tha nconle and kllliinr when he appears before the emperor and 8tP "shtlng. but many of them will them wlthout cauB,?'' upon state occasions. never work. This Is so as far as the pres. "There Is no truth In such atatemenU S ent generation Is concerned. The nobility ,ad Qe Hasegawa! "We havT to n. Genera llsaegaws Tnks. have considered It disgraceful to work and BovorB , " w nave t0 ba During our conversation, which lasted for the hangers-on of the official circles who order tQ malnta, "l " l" Tl'.. perhaps half an hour, I asked the general to tell me something of the military situa tion In Korea. He replied that the situa tion was steadily Improving and that the rebels who are such on patriotic grounds tary establishment In Korea for a long of the division. This building must cover time to come. They now have 20,000 men a quarter of an acre, and It was filled In different parts' of the peninsula, and with clerks who were working away. Up eral Hasegawa would not acknowledge had practically disappeared. Said he: this to the public. He Is here as the as- "The actual conditions of Korea as to law slstant of Prince Ito, and as such must do and order have never been known to the have lived by squeezing the common people ire the most difficult element we have to deal with. We have tried to give them work, but they will not take it. I asked one of the missionaries how he would settle the question. He replied that ho did not think they could be made to labor and that the trouble would continue until Scenes Along the Route of the Boosters Through Iowa t: .. .' . -. , : : . ! ' T"- " """" ' '. . . .,. ''iv'-:. : ' '-; : . ' " ' -" - : " ': '-':"'' pV"- piiiip;;- mm m W' . ...... - r 1, . nr '. fi----,i,sj. !iJ!rtiw? :u 1 I . '. t irr-rw-Vi it :. 1 "'- F -;;h-. 'v n2Wf AVAUXmaV lM$srW? ji m i I . to. "4 .. - ... h 1 i - i - y- ;Cv ;t iP'A I.ZFT HAND CORNER: CHILDREN GREET TRAIN AT VRINGHAB. UPPER RIGHT HAND CORNEA: HOLIDAY CROWDS AT CHEROKEE. CENTER: BOOSTERS AT WW IOWA. tUli LUGS AT AM&. LoWtR LEFT H AND CORNER: TUB GlKLd' BAMLt AT 6CKjkNTVN. UOWSM R1U11T HAND COXUNU.I; Uoill OF Ituu liutU jV BuLlUi. ruiy element in check. War Is a serious matter, and such conditions havo to be handled In a serious way. Otherwise wo could do nothing with the country. Wo wipe out the Insurgent when they aro found, and It may be that when we are misinformed as to who are Insurgents some Innocent men may be killed. At present we are using many Koreans in our police force, und the pro-Japanese Koreans are aiding us to put down tho rebellion." "Is It true that a band of your soldiers recently killed twenty such Koreans, sup posing them Insurgents?" "I know of the case to which you refer," uld General Hasegawa. "We are not yet sure whether those people were Insurgents or not. The killing occurred In a part of the country where there were bands of rebels, one of which contained about thirty five. Our troops were on the track of that band and had been Informed that It wus In a certain Inn. The officer In command caught one mun coming out and he had papers on him showjng that he wits an insurgent Ho then ordered those within the building to come out or he would shoot. They did not reply and he com manded his soldiers to fire. Upon going in later twenty were found dead. We still believe that they were largely Insurgents. They certainly should have answered whin the soldiers ordered them out." "Is not Korea a difficult land to po lice?" "Yes, exceedingly so. The country Is covered with mountains. There are no roads whatsoever over which troops can be marched. The only routes from one place to another are bridle paths, which become streams and rivers whenever It rains. There ure practically no bridges and the country is so poor that It is difficult to provision the troops except by carrying food everywhere with us. Another annoy ance to which the men are subjected is the universal presence of vermin, owing to the personal uncleanllneps of the people. There are lice and bugs of all kinds, and it is almost impossible for the troops to keep themselves free from thorn." Wew n s'odlrr Should Die. I here asked the general as to tha health of his troops. He replied that it was excellent and that the troops had not had the fevers, dysentary and smallpox, o common among the Koreans. He said the nien were well cared for. and I com plimented him on the healthful arrange ments of his new barracks, saying that Japan a leading the world In matters of military sanitation, and that the low death rate from disease among the Jupane.se troops in Manchuria had been less than that of any great war In the past. Tho guneral acknowledged Hint this was true and significantly added: "We Japanevo do not believe that a sol dler should die in his bed." I then broached the subject of Russia, asking the general whether he thought there would be another war later on and ' whether he would build fortifications along the northern borders of Korea. He replied that he would not and that xuch fortifica tions on the frontier would he contrary to the treaties between the two countries. As to another struggle with ltusxla, he would not answer, saying that he hoped there would be peace between the two nations from now on. He raid Japan did not want trouble with any mm, hut that If war came she would have to do what she could. "We must ftjrht Jimt whenever our honor Is at stake. There are occasions when to I live without flvlitlng would be to suffer' more than to die " i I then SHked, "What about the bhargo that you are preparing to flKht America?" ' To Uils the general seinl-facetlously re-1 plied: 1 "You people must consider us very war- , like to think we want to fight you. In-, deed, we would like to live a while yet.'V With that we both laughed and the In terview closed. ! FRANK O. CARPENTER. .