THK OMATIA ITuKmAY HKE: MAY HO, 1000.
Butler County Where Peace and Plenty Follow the Plowman's Trail
.ri':.: 'yy ;Vf i -
: : K
Ji-if'."'',. 'A . . . . , ......... , . .. s
i iK r
muSrj' i'Jwi"-r Wi in TMMit ,
DAVID CITY HIGH SCHOOL.
HB early pioneer Btrurk Butler
county Just when the Hudson
Uny Fur company failed In the
lino of eettlement and clvlllza-
tlon. One carried In the trap-
per and the trader, the other,
the home maker and hl wife. One hla Bone creek, and Gardner's Ranch, on the
traps and rifle, the other his seed wheat site of Savannah, the first county seat,
and plow. Oho shot an Indian for killing a This ranch was established by David R.
beaver out of season and the other paid Gardner In 1859. The year previous Shlnn's
bounty on the wolf and the coyote. One Ferry was established, whlrh is about ten
hunted and traded for what he could carry miles due north of David City. The "old
out of the county, the other planted and Government trail," or "Military road," en
budded for what he could leave In It for tercd the county near the line dividing
his children. One counted hla munkrat Skull creek and Oak Creek townships, and
nosts and the other bin hills of corn. One wound In many a devious way along the
hla bale of furs, the other his bushels of divide to a point In what Is now the
Krsln. In short, the fur trailer puddled town Of Oak Creek, the site of "David
his boat r. i vny nlr-am and drove his Reed's ranch," at which point it became
dog nam over i-wi; trail ai.ins the Platte one with the Mormon trail. Reed estab
! river, to brliiK out furs snd peltries, while llshed his place In 1862, and operated It for
the American emigrant hauled In with his about five years. Along the line of this
prairie schooner the twentloth century Inst trail were scattered several ranches:
civilization. Morning In David City dated MeCabe's, on Deer creek, established In
from that time. 1HB9; Thomas Bissau's, on Kim creek, corn
It Is generally the opinion that the ex- menced in 18fi0, and Simpson's, afterward
plorlng expedition under the command of Ora.nfs, established In 1&9.
John C. Fremont, "the Pathfinder," was The first attempt at a settlement In the
the first Visit Of the white men to the ter- county was made In ltttf by the Waverly
rltory now comprised within the limits of Town company of Plattsmouth on the
Butler county. The Mormons In their 'banks of Skull creek In what is now the
transcontinental march from Nauvoo to township of Platte. Messrs. Hultslcer,
Utah passed thtough the county, leaving Barker, Garrison and nine others were the
a plalr.ly marked road, well known to the Pioneers In this movement, but owing to
old settlers aa the "old Mormon trail."
... . .v,,.,.,,,, iiiiii.
This entered the county in the southeast-
era part, what Is now Richardson town-
ship, on the east, thence following un nn
of the continuous divides to the table land,
and from there, round Its northern edge!
to the point where Deer creek leaves the
hill, from which It descended to the Tlatte
During the excitement attendant on the
discovery of the preclou. metals at Pike',
thousand of adventure
pawed through thl part of the state m
!. - ,'. - . . --s. " : 1
v. " 4. . -
. - ' ,. . ;-. - . . . - .
Judn-lul Kxperienco of Taft Family.
Bl-JLIKVE It la true," write
President Taft la McClure's,
"that I am the only success
ful candloat for the presidency
1:Jf5S who ever had extended Judicial
J" experience. Mr. Van Buren
l.ud been a surrogate or probate judge
early in his career, and Andrew Jackson,
I believe, did serve a a Judge of the su
preme court of North Carolina, but It was
a very unimportant part of hi life, and
hi service did not bring Into the Issues of
his cainpaigu any discussion of hi work
a a Judg.
"Judge Parker, a far aa I know, 1 the
only other candidate who had been for
any number of years on the bench, and
wh.le there was sumo reference In the
campaign to his judicial opinions, they did
not involve any ivvuti made In the plat
form utid were not givea special promt
iei.ee 011 the slump or to political di
"In 1X4 the judgment of the supreme
court in tliu Income tax cu was made a
subject of heated discussion, and sug
gestions that the court might be increased
it one parly was successful, so aa to bring
about it reversal of the decision, were not
wanting, bllll, I think it may be truly said
tlmt iu no campaign sine the beginning of
t(.o government has there been directly in
vuivid a au Issue a question considered
J decided by one of the presidential cau
ilitiuu aa a Judge.
"It is not the first time In my family
thai a Judicial decision has played an Im
portant part In the political fortune of the
Judge deciding It. While my father was a
Judge of tho superior court of Cincinnati
the question arose whether the school
board of the city had the power by resolu
tion to change U10 rule under which schools
were opeiud in the morning by the reading
of ihe King James version'' of the Bible.
Two of the Judges of the supreme court
be I J that tliia was beyond the power of
th nchool board, while my father, the
third Judge, disputed. The case, proceeded
to th supreme court, and that court, in a
unanimous Judgment, approved the view
of n.y father a a dissenting judge In the
court Ueluw. Notwithstanding this result,
l'i thieo gubernatorial campaigns my father
Wd defeated jii republican convention
on the ground of his decision in the Bible
c. but it never fell to his lot to be nonu
nta as a laty cardidalo and to firil It
neccry tJ u uiiou Ui sluuiy to y.ui
1 ' S n
their way to the new dlerfrtngs, traveling-
by what was known as the "Fort Kearney
road," or, "Pike'a Peak trail." The old
California trail, also, closely following the
Platte, passed through the old ults of
Waverly, on Skull creek; Ellsworth, on
tne plk0 Peak excitement of 1SED. the set
llemenl w" soon aDanoned. in 1858. arter
tne exoJu" tn Waverly people, Solomon
B - Garfield and James Blair came to the
countv nd mB18 settlements with their
famlUe8 ,n what ,B no tle township of
latt0 and were- therefore, probably the
fl"t, Pf manent settlers within the limits
,. "V.r. county' In 1859' Thompson Bis-
L "TZ lL."
.everal other, made settlements within .he
boundaries of the county. In the year I860
but two pioneer settled here. The, were
THRESHING ON KOVAR FARM, EAST OF DAVID
Stories About Noted People
or defend hi decision. I think I may say
that my experience In tola respect ha been
Marse Henry' Memory.
Ou Thomas wa spending an evening
with Marse Henry Watterson in Louis
ville, relate the New York Press, and
around 2 a. m. they began to feel tired.
By 3 they were exhausted. By 4 they were
all In and had to quit, separating and going
their different way. Thomas tumbled out
of bed the next afternoon at dinner time
and looked up Marse Henry, so they could
go to break fust totrether. )
"Colonel Watterson," said Thomaa,
"where did we go after 2 o'clock last
"I don't know. Ous," said Mars Henry.
"What did we doT"
"I don't know, Ous."
"When did we go homer
"I don't know, Ous."
"Colonel Watterson." asked Thomas,
'who took me homeT"
"Marse Henry's face cleared brightly
from the gloom of previous ignorance.
"Qus," he said, with confidence. "I took
you home, sun."
Hall Calae ou 3O0 a Year.
Shortly after Rosetti death, writes Hall
Caine In Appleton s, I took two rooms (I
called them "chambers") In the old, now
demolished Clement's Inn, and there de
voted myself to my work as a Journalist,
which consisted chiefly of my work on the
If it were uecessary to dwell on my do
mestlo life I could perhaps tell curious
stories of my days in chambers, for with
my income of luO pounds a year I had to
be my own cook and housemaid, making
my own bed and breakfast, as well as my
own politician and prophet, regulating for
the people of Liverpool affairs of vtale,
and discussing for the world In general the
laws if the universe.
It may be enough to say that I wa
rather poor and very lonely, having few
friends in London, hardly any houses to
call at, and little to live for except my
family, who were far away, and my work,
wliieh was always with ma
Later, when my friend were more plen
tiful, my editor discovered that at the
moment of the unexpected death of a
celeblrity he wa omet;me hard pressed
for an adequate obituary notice, and there
fore resolved to have a k.--nd bot'v of surh
tulAle nei-ared and 'i .ulitlej in ad
ii ii mihi iii mm nimii ! i iai in iirnmii iiiniiiiiiiiMimiii mm - " - ; ' - '--i"' - '- ' "- -
NORTH SIDE OF SQUARE, DAVID CITT.
William Butler and S. D. Shlnn, who both Independent, ond while they yet reside on
located In the vicinity where Savannah was their farnn they are takln life easy.
afterwards laid out.
Most of these and their successors In
the following years located on the bottom
lands hear the Platte river; close to wood
and water, the prime necessities of life.
A few made settlements each year there-
iier, uui uunng me civil war tneir num-
ber wss quit small, but on the cessation of
hostilities the tide of emigration again
commenced to turn thither and each year
saw the population of Butler county con-
slderably increased. During the early
years the settlers experienced many hard-
CITY NATIONAL BANK.
-win- n.-Hn,,!..!. ,V. k. ,
---- ' '''
came nd devoured everything in sight.
Since then a new Nebraska had developed
and Butler county haa done it share In
this development and has also shared in
the beneficial results therefrom. That
farming and Its allied Industries Is profit-
able Is no longer a question that can be
'lLC.T1? The. of
ce7sf. l i77h i.T tZ
them who eight, ten or twelve vears
were In moderate circumstances are now
vance of the time when they would be re
quired. In this work of preparation my service
were engaged, and I wrote numberless
obituary notioes of people still living. In
cluding nearly all the literary friends with
whom I used U dine and smoke. I called
these my post-mortem examinations, and,
making no aecret of them, I sometimes
engaged the co-operation of my subjects
themselves In preparing the substance of
what wa to be said about them after their
Tolstoy at Home.
A German tourist who recently visited
Tolstoy writes: "The venerable man makes
beruic efforts to disregard the pain which
Is the natural accompaniment of the mal
ady from which he Is suffering, and when
he can do so he take long walks, know
ing full well that the next day he must pay
the penalty In his armchair. His industry
1 unchecked. He Is writing a history of
the revolutionary movement of luutJ-'OS and
labors diligently on his book entitled 'Chil
dren's Wisdom', which consists of ques
tions asked by children of their elders and
the answers. He Is writing also a treatise
on Confucius and a book on India. Hi
correspondence 1 tremendous, but he di
rects it personally and enjoy doing it"
Plarklng a Lover.
While on a business trip to Amarillo,
Tex., last January, Alexander Quist, tw
years old, a retired farmer of Rock Island,
111., met Mrs. Julia Johnson, 13 year old,
of Nashville, Tenn. Friendship ripened
lino love and the couple planned to get
married In Kanaa City.
The couple arrived February 20 and Mr.
Quist got a marriage license. He gave his
fiancee $100 to buy wedding clothing. She
did so, but advised him to return to Rock
Island until the clothe were mad.
She went back to Amarillo. On May IS
Mr. Quist passed through Kansas City,
gut his fiancee's trousseau and bought ber
a pair cf $& diamond earring and a $3X)
The couple returned to Kansas City to
get married on the original license. Still
Mia. Johnson was not prepared and bor
rowed $.W mora from her fiancee to shop.
hue did not return. At T o'clock Qulat
found a note from her at the hotel, say'uig
that "time has shown me that we could
not live lit-nuly together, so 1 muat leave
A few years ago the grade or breed of cattle
was not a question; now It Is different.
Farmers are constantly searching for the
finest and most perfectly bred cattle and
horses; In fact, stock of all kinds that can
be procured. As an Illustration of what
cnn and has been done In this line, a few
weeks ago State Senator C. H. Aklrteh held
a sale of Hereford rattle. Forty-four head
was sold at an average price of more than
100 per head. Sixteen of those were less
than months old. One cow sold for JS30.
Most all of this was bought by farmers
1 L-fc i K .'nw?rlW!.:t
..uing in uuner county.
The last report shows Butler county haa
within her borders, live stork a nw
Cattle. 22,364 head; sheep, 1,636 head- hogs
31,574 head; horses, 10,277 head- mules 993
head. The various products raised In' the
county in the year 1908, are as follows-
Corn. 8,731,787 bushels; winter wheat 1 841 1
bushels; -PHn. wheat. 1642 bushed;
i."4,O00 bushels; barley. 2.258 bushels;
L r.,,VV potatoe8' 91-696 bushels;
TJ?'! i0nBi W,Id hay' 43,638 ton8:
awaira, 6.6W tons.
Butler county has seventeen banks, three
imuunai ana rourteen state, the combined
capital of which Is $364,000; surplus, $146,000;
deposits, $2,467,000. That the mortgage In
debtedness is on tho decrease Is evidenced
by the following, copied from the report
for the years 1906 and 1907: 1906 farm mort
gages filed 2S2, released 24; average rate
of interest 5 per cent; 1907 farm mort
gages filed 198, released 279, average rate of
Interest. 5 per cent; 198 city mortgages
filed eighty-one, released eighty-nine, av
erage rate of interest S per cent; 1907, city
mortgages filed seventy-six, released 108,
average rate of Interest 7 per cent Farm
lands have Increased In value at a rapid
rate, the average price being from $100 to
$150 per acre.
A further evidence of the rapid develop
ment and Increase in wealth of the county
Is In cities and villages. Of those there
are seventeen, all railroad stations. David
City, the county neat, located within
half a mile of the center of the county,
and has a population of more than 2,600.
With Its natural and railway advantages
and the enterprise of Its citizens, it prom
ises to largely Increase In the future and
assume Importance among the larger citlu
W. J. CRUSEN.
North Plane, Neb.
r--:----- ygrar.-,jB. .: '
of Nebraska. The Union Pacific, Chicago A
Northwestern, and Burlington and Missouri
river railroads all cross Its limits and have
depots. It has three hotels. The Perkins,
built by a stock company, la the largest,
being a three story brick structure. The
original plat of the city, tho property of
Phrbe W. Miles, laid rut by W. T. Rich
ardson, was filed for record June IS, 17S.
To this have leen added about sixteen
additions. The city was legally incorpor
ated March S.. 1S74. The court house, lo
cated on a block of ground In the center
of the city. Is a structure second to none
In this part of the state. It was built
m ii I
.yj ., ...
NEBRASKA NATIONAL BANK.
about twenty years ago at a
All kinds of business Is represented and
the merchants all seem to be prosperous.
Two department stores are doing business
here, and each employ a large number
of clerks. Three national banks, with
abundant capital, are doing a profitable
business. In the manufacturing line, there
are two flouring mill with a combined
capacity of 225 barrels per day and a brick
yard' emPlo'ln elshteen men and turning
Out 3 .000. 000 brick annually.
SCENE ON FARM
f n Wm
Engineer Crusen Turns Evangelist in His Old
i . ' .
. :y-- vxw j
... , ;
K"('i " 'w.a--c,w.ii,,tiiif t r,i ' r : ' . .3
BUTI.FR COUNTY COURT HOUSE5.
The David City public schools, three Bralnard each support newspapers, 'acB
buildings, employing fourteen teachers, arc them having a large subscription list,
crowded to their utmost ei.paolty. There The ninety-two school districts of Butler
i. . r,.nhmi honl e.iH.lovlne four county employ 148 teachers, twenty-sit
teachers. That the cltlsens of the city are
religiously Inclined, Is evidenced by the
fact that four Protestant churches and one
Catholic are maintained, all attended by
large congregations at all services. David
City has fourteen fraternal organisations,
each with a largo membership. A new
hospital was constructed about a year ago
at a cost of $10,000. Two newspapers, the
Tcuple's Banner, tepubllran. and the But
ler County Press, democrat, tako care of
the local news.
David City has a system of water works,
and Is Just completing a ystem of sewer
age. The city Is lighted by electricity, the
plant being owned by private parties. It
also has two telephone systems, and a
large majority of tho farmers of the county
have telephones In thulr homes. entry of land, which was made by J. W.
Besides David City, sixteen other towns Seeley. In 1869. the United States govern
are located In the county. Hellwood on the mrnt granted 97.000 acres of land to the
north. Rlslnit City on the west. Ulysses on
the south, and Bralnard on the east, taeh
having a population of about 750, are thriv
ing villages. Bellwood has one bank,
Rising City two, Ulysses two and Bralnard
two. Brainard also has a steam flouring
mill of 100-barrel capacity, and an eloctrlc
light plant. Ulysses has a water power
flouring mill. Other villages In the county,
all of which are good markets for nain
and live stock, are: Loma, Yanka, Foley,
Garrison, Llnwood, Octavla, Millerton, Sur
prise, Dwlght, Bruno, Able and Nimburg.
Surprise has a water power flouring mill
Bna bank- Garrison, Llnwood, Octavla,
Dwlght, Bruno and Able each support a
thriving little village In the
east part of the county, also has a steam
flouring mill with a capacity of 100 bar-
rain. Rlalnir Cltv. TTlvauo tiaIIu.,1 an a
: " ' rAVv . .... a . v. : v.
X - n u:4; " r!
OF ALFRED KNAPPS, SOUTHWEST
n.lLLUM J. CRUSEN, a retired
W Union Pacific engineer, Is spend
ing the closing years of his life
seeing what good he can do for
his fellow-men. At North
i'latte, where he lives, and all
along the Union Pacific he is known as the
Pensioned by the Union Pacific railroad,
he is now a local preacher with the Meth
odist Episcopal church and gives his time
and talent for tho good of mankind by
helping pastors in revival work. Since he
guv e up his engine and entered the serv
ice of the church as a volunteer he has
been connected with meetings where over
1,500 souls have been converted. He has
Just finished a revival meeting at Curtis,
Neb., where 130 were converted, and before
that at Kavena, where seventy-five were
Crusen holds the respect of all the Union
Pacific trainmen and the officials of the
road and people all along the line know
and respect I'rusen, the enxluetr preacher.
He was a good soldier for L'ncle Sam dur
ing the civil war; he was a good engineer
for the Union Pacific and for the other
roads he worked for prior to that lime, and
now he Is doing the best he can for his
On March 19, 1-40, on a farm In the Lick
ing valley in Ohio, twenty-six miles up
the stream from Z:inegville und fujr miles
from Newark, Crusen was born. At the
age of b he attended a country log school
and for five years gathered a little knowl
edge of the three lis, when he was forced
to give up school and help out on the farm.
For three years he did the best a boy could
do to help grow the crops and he then
started out to make his own way in the
world. He soon secured employment in a
hardwood sawmill as fireman und engineer,
a position which required toi.ie iklll and
to which he had to exert his best efforts.
This engineer then had to do his own
filing and cut his own wood from the slabs
from the mill as a side div 1 tiioii. He kept
this Job for one year at truths for which
few youi.g men would lubor today. Cm-sen
gave up his Job at the mill for a position
as fireman on the Central Ohio railroad,
now the Baltimore & Ohio. He ran from
Belalr to Columbus and continued In the
ervlce of the railroad for three years.
The mutterlngs of dlscension had changed
to the stern realities of war and hs en
listed for three months when Lincoln Issued
bis first call for 75.000 men, paying hi own
far ISO mile to enlist In Company L,
male and 126 female. Wng.xs are com
paratlvoly good, the highest paid In th
country district being $65 a month; lowest,
115. There were 1M eighth grade graduate
last year. The county haa a flourishing
teacher's association. The educational tea
ture of the year ) the educational con
ventlon held each vap towftrd thA taut tit
In 1867, the county owned one lor school
house. In 1X76 It possessed fifty-four, of
which forty-eight were neat and oommo
dlous frame structures, well finished. The
first teacher's certificate was Issued to
Allen Jllson, October 29, 18G9. The first
school district was formed December 6,
iscs. In 1S5S Mahala City was made county
seat by special act of legislature. August t,
i860, a patent was Issued following the first
Lnlon 'acmo Kaliroad company. April
10, 1X71, and April 14, 1872, are remembered
as the days of the great snowstorm and
1872 Is marked aa the year ef the great
David City town site was surveyed In
ls73 and the 'I1 bouse built wa. th
court house, in the same year. Rev. Wil
liam Worley of the Methodist church, or
ganized the first circuit in the county
and preached hi. first sermon in a grove
on the Blue river. The Butler County
Press, a weekly Journal, Issued Its first
number September 25, 1873.
This Is a homestead county and for a
lovely country, with orchards and vrovsa
and hedges, with productive field of corn
and other grain, with sleek, well fed cat-
tie and lusty swine, with prosperous farm.
ers antt their happy wive. It certainly
uio. uk .ii o..tin
FROM DAVID CITY.
Twelfth Ohio volunteer. At the end of that
tlrno It was seen that the war would prob
ably drag on and Crusen enlisted for three
years more In the same regiment. Hi regi
ment received a sound drubbing seven day
after Crusen Joined the rank. He served
through the War for three year and then
ran a locomotive for the government at
Nashville, Tenn., until the war ended. Ho
then secured a position as engineer on the
Terra Haute & Richmond road.
W. R. McKeen, father of W. R. McKeen,
Jr., of the McKeen Motor Car company,
was president of the Vandulla at that time
and Horace O. Burt, afterwards president
of the Union Pacific, was a civil engineer
In charge of construction of an extension
to St. Louis and Crusen wa In charge of
the engine which carried these to the cele
bration of the completion of the Vandalia
extension to St. Louis, when the last spike
After working for fifteen year for th
Vandalia Crusen built a steamboat to try
to compete with the rullroadx, but soon
lost In the venture all the money he had
saved by years of hard labor. He then
worked for the Big Four and the Wabash
until IsM, when he received a telegram to
come to Omaha and run an engine on the
Union Pacific. He soon had a regular en
gine and a regular run. He named hi
engnie "Soda Water Sal" and that old en
gine and some of Its famous run are still
the talk of the old-timers on the Union
Pacific. "Sal" was a peculiar looking en
gine, with a straight boiler, and It cylin
ders almost as big as the boiler. Many are
the tales of experiences with snow drift
and Indians and drifting cattle which cru
tch can tell when in a reminiscent mood.
At one time Soda was running In a bliz
zard a 1.1 became stuck at I,odge Pole and
could get no further. Ueorge Dlllard wa
sent from Sidney' to help him out. They
rtachrd Colton. when lul struck seven yoke
of oxen and killed all but one. He tell
manv tales of killing coyote and rabbit
from the cab of his engine.
"ltolil.y." aied the visitor, "how
you getting on with your astronomy?"
"Aw, I guve It up," pouted Bobby, dis
dainfully. "1 got discouraged."
"In what way?"
"Why, on day when our parlor was full
of company, 1 remarked that 'Man' face
1 full of lines, and ma thought I meant her
face and took me out to tho Woodahed and
t baveu't bad such a licking la tw jrwaa."
xml | txt