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THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: JUNE 6 1 POO.
1 Mines and TP"- . :. ...- : : . ''.',-' A . ..... ,.;.;;.. ' , ;;: 5 ? ' ' : ' f . 4 " ' ' ' V ! I V 7 . r ' . , ' . . . - ' ,' , - .. .'. .: . ,"'.' . .. r 1 - . . GOLD MINE AND (Copyright. 1SK, by Frunk Q. Carpenter.) KOUL, 1303. (Special CorreRpond- S ence of The lice.) There u a I bljf nilnlng movement going on I In VnrH Prnunnrlr.).. a pa flrwt- liifr minerals In every part of the ppninnula, and cuncemtions fur gold, copper, graphite and Iron are oe lnn granted by the government under the ' hew mining law. The long euit of the Collhran liostwlck levelupmerit company regarding lis conceHHion fur the Kapnan copper mine, which was settled last year, has ao changed the mining regulations that foreigner can now get clear titles ind they are rapidly taking advantage of this. A number of the new mines are now working and the prospects for a broad mineral development are bright. Korea's IHg Gold Deposits. Indeed. Korea may develop Into a second California. There Is no doubt but that there Is gold In many parts of the penln- sula. The people hase been mining it In a ruue way lor many generations. iney have been washing It out of the streams. IUirlng my vlKlt to the country twenty years ago the merchants showed me goose quills filled with gold dust and dur- r. .. .. ...i ?. ,cu i... r 1MB 111 niajr ill Drum III io. x iiuiuun v . Power, the electrician from Washington, who put up the first light plant In SeouV . , . . . . . .. .. . . " " . xiutru wiin over i.v.a woilii ui giuiu uupi and nuggets in payment of one installment due for his work. The way it happened was this: Mr. Power contracted with the emperor, but all payments were made through the offi cials, who were very corrupt and who thought they should have a rakeoft from all moneys which went out of tne rojal treasury. Mr. Power had gotten his electric light plant running and the Kore- which Morse turned the mine down. Its the opposite side of the globe. abVve menUoned company ann were operating It. They thought they average value is not much more than $o a In addition to the quarts mines this com- T h 4 had all they could get and concluded, to let ton. although In some places 50-dollar ore P has large placer deposits, which have , . ,0n tttlk wltn Mr' A this young American whistle for his money has been found. The Koreans, however, been worked for centuries, but which will , - fju '. , known mining engineer until he gave a big bribe. The young have proved far less costly as miners than probably pay well under dredging. There J? , mply of the Collbran & Bostwlck American, however, realised that his ma- was supposed and the work of two of them r altogether about thirty-two square ueveloPment company. Mr. Welgall is a jesty was in deadly fear of assassination Is equal to that of one of our men. At the miles of such ground. The company is Tauate or tne Sydney (Australia) Mining, and that he would go crasy If he had to same time they receive only 28 cents a day uln American machinery and it gets tho jnlvety and during the last nine years spend all night in the dark. In order to of ten hours, which would equal a 50-cent wost of Its supplies from the United States. naa b"'n Pertlng throughout the far bring matters to a crisis Mr. Power went day for the American miner, according to It pays out more than $100,000 a year to ea,t- "e ,eft tne famous Mount Morgan back to the plant and by the disconnection his work if the same rates were employed. Americans in salaries, and its Importations mlne" in Queensland to prospect in the ef a screw arranged it so that it would The Japanese workmen are paid $1 a day 'or the mines amount to $250,000 every Dutch Eat Indies, and later on was em run perfectly without giving light. About and the 600 Chinese receive SO cents. The twelve months. It is now spending upward P'yed in Siam, Siberia, Japan and Korea, dusk that evening there was a great ex- seventy-five Americans are paid about $5 of $10,000 for candles used by he miners He h" b'en aM over Korea, and he tells cltement at the palace. The buttons wero day each, with house rent and board, and $30,000 per annum for dynamite. me this country Is well mineralized. I turned, but the globes would not burn. As The company now has five large mines on asked Mr- Wela aout the gold mines. t grew darker the emperor sent his mes- ,ts concession and over 200 stamps. It has New io,d Mines. Bald he: sengers to Mr. Power to ask what was a cyanide plant, and it Is treating alto- There Is a great dea lof placer mining "Nearly every stream shows more or the matter, lie replied that he had not Bether, on the average, about 1.000 tons of done by the Korean natives. They are less color and we have reason to believe had his money, and that the spirits who ore da"y. The net profit Is $1.85 a ton, so satisfied with small profits and a man that there Is gold In every province. There ran the light plant would not work until that th mines are making from their work at such mining when It nets are several large concessions in the same he was paid His majesty thereupon asked Wriz works alone $1,850 of clear money a him 10 cents a day, where he would not region as the Oriental Consolidated, which why the money had not been sent and told day- Thla means almost $S0 an hour all labor steadily in the quaru mines at 25 have been more or less worked. One of the corrupt officials that if It was not dy and nU n'Kht tlle 'ear through. Think cents a day. Altogether the total export them belongs to the English, another to delivered at once their heads would go off. of a P"perty which brings In more than of gold from this country Is about $2,250,- the Germans and a third to the French. The result was the soap box of fold dust. dollar a m.nule all the year round and 000 a year, and about $1.000,000, or more of The English ran a twenty-stamp mill for Mr. Tower told metha't the gold was In grains and In nuggets and he described how General Clarence Oreathouse, tho American adviser to the king, who had had some mining experience In California, went almost craiy as he bent down and laved his hands In It Pome of the. nuggets were flat, showing that they had not gone far from the mother lode and one was as big as the palm of your hand. The gold was sent to the mint at Osaka. It netted In the neighborhood of $50,000, and Power handed back the balance after he had taken out tha $47,000 due him. I neglected to say that as soon as he got the gold, the spirits of electricity began to work and that they are still laboring for his majesty today. America's Dla Uold Mines. I have an Idea that It was General Great house who carried this live evidence of the actual existence of gold in great quantities to the United States. At any rate, the fact became nolped abroad, and for the last fifteen years Americans have been after concessions for mines In this coun try. Among these was James H. Morse, who got the original grant from the Korean government for the district which is now known as that of the Oriental Consolidated Mining company. This company has by far the biggest gold mines of Korea. It has already taken out $10,000,000 In bullion and Its output last year was more than $1,000,000 in Hi'ld. It is crushing 3U0 ,000 tons every year, and It has over 1,000,000 tons ,ln reserve. The company Is now working 6,000 Koreans, 600 Chlnvse and more than 100 Japanese, together with seventy-five or more Americans, and It can continue to operate on Its present basis for years to come. This company has a plant which cost $1,250,000, and It produces more than half of all the gold that la exported from Korea today. llnnt A Co. -Made Millions. The men who got the concession for this mine made practically nothing out of It. I believe It was first taken up by James R, Morse, and that Leigh Hunt was made a member of the company. The region in which It lies had been worked in a rude way by the Koreans for centuries. Their method of mining was to build a fire on a ledge and heat the rock. They would then throw on water and thus crack ths quarts, digging it out with rude picks. After that they crushed ore by laying It on flat stonos beneath heavy, round granite boulders which they rocked back and forth by handles tied to the boulders. Thry also acquired a great deal of gold by placer mining. When Morse and Hunt sent their engi neers to examine the property ' tliey re ported that It contained gold, but that it would not run more than $7 or W pur Ijii They also said that It would take ten Korean miners to do as muoh ' work a one average American, and that they weu!4 have to pay M oenU per day at Mining in Korea Promise Millions When Properly Worked STAMP MILL. the start with a probable rise of BO cents In the near future; and that on the whole the vork would not pay. Upon this re port, I am told, Morse refused to spend more money on the concession and that Leigh Hunt, upon a buy or sell propo sition, secured a full title and right to tha mine for less than 110,000. At that tlmt Leigh Hunt had no money to speak of. but he went to America to make th.6 ar rangements. He persuaded tho Union Iron works of San Francisco to sell him a twenty-stamp mill on tick, and Interest ed J. Sloat Fussett of New York and the Crockers of San Francisco In the under taking. He got enough money to pay for the concession and to start work In a moderate way. He brought his little mill out here and carried It Into the country upon tho back of bulls and porters and by means of bull carts. He set it up at Chlttabalble on one part of his conces sion and began to work. Rich ore was RlmnRt tmmerltntel V rilAlnnori anH In ,hort tm en0URh goM hgd bpen tken out to pay all expenses and put the com pany on easy street. As result, all of the rifirtnera fn the hnulnoaa havi mA ,.., ... .. TTllfllnnn ann tliOV Qtfll rtnn nnnAu.l:in , ,.- -ik . , of vcry rlen territory, covering an area which is twenty-five miles wide and upon Which thPV hSV tha Avnlnalira lirlia frn ... ,.. , ,., f all minerals until 19..4. After opening the mine, Mr. I Iunt stayed some time In Korea to operate It, but it Is now many years since he left here for Egypt, where he owns areat plantation on the Nile not far from Khartoum and Is raising Ameri can cotton. Pays a Dollar si M In ate. As to the grade of tha ore of Ihnui mln a low. It does not come un on the orage to the estimate of the engineer, mmn It v ..... ' aV i .' ' .:. . FT' - ' ' at " ... . . ' , y ? J J r ' 1 U 4 tl It j. -,- ''.; -' :' i i I -; -'' !.-, ;.s ---' i .- -4 .... . : , '! ' '"' ". ' '"'' " " ' a "V r -r-' :. jf-: " ... '-, .' .: .i i , -- l. - - - : r. Sy : ' ' ;"'.v. UPPER RIGHT-HANI) CORNER, GEORGH CROOK POST. GRAND ARMY OF HAND COKNli.lt. CROOK POof; UPPKR LECT-11AND CORNER, UiUU V v w ' . ;-s v. w you have some Idea of the rjrf.flts of this big American Drooertv awav out here on ( " il.: ii . . . .. .1, i x ' ,.-..... ..'3l1 . 1, I .- ' Organizations that Took Part in Memorial - 'tjnin.r' r -'.. '-1- TV", ' ' , -At r-T-l W - - II H- J 7 . a: 1. wl U 2 . . It 1 . . - - ! - . k jr . '- ' f i ii ' V , 3 , ' KOREAN NATIVES IRON SMELTING FURNACB. 1 B .It IL9 NATIVE WORKMEN AT KAYRSON COPPER this comes from mines and placers out -,a- .v- ....... .j'! V: V'f W - m - THE REPlTT.irV CENTER, UEOKUfi 8CUOOL CAJjliTS. . . . i A'i .. as. ... - - ... x . . V -i .'3 5 . . ' i J ,1 ' '..?fl 'X 5 '-i .. MINES. ome years on high grade ore, but they shut down about two years ago and have left. The Germans are still mining, and they are said to be making money. They have rich ore, but will give no Informa tion as to their profits. The French are also operating near Choaan in the same district. l 9 nan Gold Mines. 'In addition to these mines In north eastern Korea are the Suan gold mines, belonging to Collbran and Bostwlck. They He about fifty-six miles from Pyeng-yang and can be reached In eight hours by train and two days across country. These mines promise to pay very well. They have been worked about a year, and they have taken out about 40,000 tons of ore, which will yield $12 per ton. In addition there Is S per cent of copper In the ore. The com pany is putting up a plant and by next October it will be reducing about 150 tons dally. This mine was discovered by an Englishman, who took Mr. Collbran In as a partner. He got up a combination, In cluding the Mltsuis of Jupan. They sent Day Parade in Omaha h tl mM ' Rv rrt -'r . : i-r1--' ' J' I''-'.- CUSVEtt POST, LOaVER RIGHT-HAND CORNER. GRANT I'O.ST; LOWER LEFT - - . V . V. ,', . V,- ;.. HOI8TINO ensineers to Investigate It, who reported against it, and ao the Mltsuis dropped out. Then the Englishman gave up and Coil bran and Bostwlck organized a new com pany in Seoul on a capitalisation of $500, 000. It will not take more than (300,000 to develop tha property, and it promises to be one Korea." of the most valuable mines in Chlckaaa Oold Mines. "Are there any other gold mines now being worked 7" "Yes," replied Mr. Welgall, "and there are several which promise to pay much more In the future. One of these Is the Cbloksan mine, which lies forty-five miles south of Seoul, not far from the sea. That mine has large quantities of low-grade ore and It can be worked at a profit, if on a large scale, at as low as 12 per ton. The ore contain 7 or $8 per ton, and It is bet ter on the average than the ore of tha Oriental Consolidated. The country is granite and the lodes are of quarts and of great alse. This mine was originally granted to tha Japanese, but they gave It over to a young American named Deshler, a stepson of tho late Governor Nash. He came out here from Columbus, O. After he got hold of the mine he interested Columbus capital In It and also the well known millionaire of Japan, Baron Shi- busawa. The company began work, but In some way or other It has gotten tangled up, and Is now In bad shape. It Is said that Jardine, Matthieson A Co., a well known English firm, which is operating in the far east, is about to get hold of tha property and that they will develop It" 7' U,cn8ldere1 valuabler xne inaicuoim are cjccoeamgiy kowj, said the mining engineer. 'The conces sion Is twenty miles long and fourteen miles wide, and the Seoul-Fusan railway ninf ihrntiph It. Thn natives havi hMn mining gold there for years, and there Is one lode five miles In length, which has Korean workings alt over It The engi neers have also reported valuable placers, and it ts believed that they can be Aredged at a profit" Fortune la Copper. The Koreans have been producing copper for many generations. Nearly all their kitchen furniture is made of this material. They wash in brass basins and eat from brass bowls, and their finest furniture has hinges of brass. There are scores of brass stores In the city of Seoul, and copper has been more or less exported for year?. A large part of the native ore of this kind has come from the mines of the emperor, and the most from the Korean mines, which are situated in northern Korea, and which have been fought over in the courts for the last four years, and settled only last June, In favor of the American claim- .... 3" .LiK 'St ' 1 ' ' THE ORB. nts These mines now belong lo Coil bran and Bostwlck, and they promise to produce a great amount of valuable ci I talked with Mr. Welgall about then Said he: There Is copper In many part." nf i i.t h ern Korea. The country Is ever, with great fields of lava, wli.c, vents mining under It. The chlr i mines are now around the eli;eii. v ., the lava has eroded, and this ix the u..a. acter of the KupHan property. Th nilru.. are situated about a inilo above the na and 1:0 miles from the coust. They are in the northeastern part of the peninsula, where the winter climate Is very sevtre. We have to go over two ranges of moun tains to reach them, and we shall have to take our machinery in on pack ponies. We shall put up a small smelter right away, beginning our work in the spring, and shall increase our plant right along." "Are these mines extensive?" "Yes, and the copper Is rich. They have been worked as far back as a thousand years ago, and with rude native method have produced something like 300.000 tons of smelted copper per annum. The ore runs, on the average, about 10 per cent copper, which Is far higher than that of other copper mines. The concession Is twenty miles long and thirteen miles wide, and there is copper all over It." "How did the Americans get this mine, yr, Welgall?" ..It originally belonged to the king, and ,t wa, on, of h, prlncIpmI properties. Mr. Coiibran secured a concession from his mitmty t0 take up a mining property any- whe , thfl count o( th, dlr0(.n8ionB j have mentioned, and this concession was to Include any mines belonging to the king. Mr. Collbran Investigated the Kapnan region and selected this property. He that he wou,d have difficulty hold- ing it, and when the papers were drawn up he had them signed by tha emperor in the presence of his ministers at the palace. He then had them certified to before the United States minister to Seoul, Dr. Allen. They were then taken to London and certi fied to by the Korean minister there, and then to Washington, where tho Kerean minister to America affixed his endorse ment. Then the war with Russia came on, and the Japanese, having prospected that region, declared that the property was theirs, and tried to set Mr. Collbtan's con- cession aside. The matter was fought over In the courts, and, to make a long story short, it has now been settled In Mr. Coll bltan's favor." "What other copper mines has Korea?" "There are .three great belts here In which copper is found. The Japanese have some mines In the southern part of the country, and the Italians are developing the Kang-ge mines. They have five-foot bandB of 7 per cent copper In dlorlte lime stone, or about the same type of forma tion as the gold of Suan. Bo far, how- vcr, the only really great mine of well ..nown value is the Kapsan." afiraphlte and Iron. "What other Important minerals has Korea?" "One which promises to be very valuable Is graphite. This is of a high grade, and samples which have been sent to London have assayed values of $100 a ton. An en gineer sent here by one of the big lead pencil companies, which use se much of that metal, speaks highly of the prospects. Already mines are being opened, the larg est of those now in operation being worked by Morris & Co., an American syndicate. Tha Japanese have a graphite mjne near Pusan, from which they are now exporting 500 tons a month. The must of It goes to Nagasaki and thence to New York or Lon don. "In addition to the minerals we have talked of," continued Mr. WeHtftll. "thlx country has large bodies of iron to the northeast of Pyeng-yang, and considerable coal. All of these are In the hands of the Japanese, and they will probably be de veloped at an early date." FRANC (i. CARPUNTEfl. Prattle of the Young3ters "Tommy," said his mother, "go Into that front room and see If grandpa is anleep ' 1 Tommy found the old gentleman snorim,-. "Yes, mamma," he reported, "he's anieeii all but his nou." Teacher Why, Willie, what are jou drawing? Willie I'm drawing a picture of Gnfl. Teacher But, Willie, you niun't do tht; nobody knows how God looks. WillieWell, they will when I get this done. Mabel (aged 6 years) Mamma, you told Mrs. Smif desa spoons were handed down, to ua by drandma. Mother Yes, dear, by grandma, who Is' np In heaven. Mabel Did she fordet and took 'em wif her? "Mamma." questioned S-year-old Nettle, "am I as tall as you are?" "No. dear," was the reply, "Your head nly comes to my waist." "Well," continued Nettle, "I'm Just as short, anyway. My feet are as far down as yours." Harold, aged years, had been sent to purchase a pair of shoestrings for his mother. ' "How long doea she want them?" asked the proprietor. "Oh, a ion time," answered Ha. old. "Till they wear out, I guc.s."