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PART THREE HALF-TONE PACKS 1 TO 4. FOR ALL THE NEWS OMAHA DEE TOUR MONEY S WORTH VOL. XXXVIII NO. 52. OMAHA, SUNDAY MORNING, JUNE 13, 11)01). SINGLE COrY FIVE CENTS. ATHLETICS AS A FACTOR IN MODERN SCHOOL METHODS Efforts of Educators to Develop the Body as Well as the Mind and to Teach Lessons of Patient Endurance and Fair Dealing to the Boys of America. The Omaha YEAR after year college athletics are gaining ground all over tho country and are becom ing more and more necessary part of college training. Time was when college athletics were run almost without the sanc tion of the faculties, but times have changed and athletics are now required In many colleges and members of the fuculty direct the athletics. Faculties are now striving to work out the problem to have sports which may be indulged la by the majority of the students. One of the rrlneipal objections to foot ball In the olden days was that It was a game which only a very limited number of the strong est men in college could indulge In, while the rest bad to stand around In the cold and look on, Athletics have broadened out until there Is now some sort of sport for all and for those who do not like the rougher games golf and even croquet are provided. Foot ball leads In popularity of all the college sports and It has every element which goes to make it a great college game, especially adapted for Intercollegi ate matches. It Is played on a large field, which gives thousands of people an opportunity to watch every play. It is rough enough to require hard preliminary training and scientific enough to bring out the best there is in the trainers and captains In developing new plays which may be sprung as a surprise on the opponents. Basket ball Is taken up as a gymnasium game during the winter and while this does not attract the interest which attaches to the outdoor games, it gives many students an opportunity to get con siderable exercise and to develop considerable skill. Many lovers of the outdoor sports have never watched a game of basket ball, as they look upon It as a sort of girls' game, which has no element of danger and does not require an athlete to play. But this is wrong. The best athletes make the best basket ball players, for JO i-V vmJr i J -Ii T . 1 - ii ... '-a mi, iv mmM ,mm:m v,y j-il y I v'.l?:v--. t,';.yt; ' k. .r. V i 1' 1 0 I Martlndale, Kansas, Making Ills Best Leap in the Broad Martindale for First I'lace at 21 Feet 4 Inches. Jump. Winter, Kansas, Tied with - .' ' -' . . . - -r. ;.. ' 'i , .' ' .' l'V. ' ''l'-'- A' :. ' ' ' . - v? .?. ,.- '. ' .. .. ' . . - - ' 7 . ' V ' . ' 1 . ' v k .. . . 4- "'iAJ; (:-.Vxvv. 4 ;;r!yf .J?i ... - T .. r ;. ' :; " j . . "' . ' . ..." : v ; : :-: " i. NEBRASKA-KANSAS MEET. tennis la played In the burning sun and to go through a match with a skilled player who is constantly trying to place the ball out of reach requires just as much condition from the athlete as to play a base ball game. When tho buds are beginning to show on the trees the track and field men begin their outdoor work for the big intercollege matches which are now a part of every college schedule. Track and field captains look ahead for good men just as do the foot ball and, base ball coaches and every honorable Inducement is offered a man who is able to jump or run far and fast enough to have a chance at winning in any of tho numerous events. The field events are those which are held on the open field and include such events as high and broad jump, pole vault, hammer throw, dlHcus throw, tug-of-war and shot put. The track events are those which are run on the cinder path and Include the 100-yard dash, the 120 and 220-yard hurdle, the 220-yard dash and the 440 yard dash, the 880-yard run. the mile run and. the relay race. Russell, Nebraska, Clearing the Bar in the Pole Vault at 10 Feet 10 Inches. He Tied with Johnson of Kansas for First Place at This Height. NEBRASKA-KANSAS MEET. and is no longer allowed to compete. The youth Is always urged to bear in mind that in all contests he must "play fair." He must despise anything that is trcky or mean and must always abide by the rules. He Is taught to win by his own superior athletic prowess and not to be hunting for some technicality upon which to base a protest against an opponent who has shown superior ability. Athletics above all things teaches a man to be a good loser and to accept the decisions of the officials of the games without complaint in a sportsmanlike spirit. The man who is a poor loser Is always looked down upon by those who are more fair-minded. One side must win If the contest is carried to the finish, and as the best man generally wins, the loser should learn to take his defeat with good grace and go forth with the resolve to strive to do better the next time. How much more manly It is to be a good loser and to congratu late your successful opponent with a cheerful manner. You should quarter-mile runner who has not a well developed spring has little chance against the thoroughly de veloped men of today. Tho quarter-mile Is lookeil upon as a long distance spring with another sprint at the finish. Speed is also found a most welcome knowledge even In the long distance ' events. Sprinting is also a good Vbing for a man to practice when training for the field events. It Is almost essential for the broad Jumper and the pole vaulter, and it also de velops snap in the weight men. To develop the proper form is the aim of all scholastic athletes. The sprinter should forget every thing which hinders speed. Ease of motion should bathe aim of the quarter and half-miler and the dis tance runner should seek that har mony of motion which is most es sential to success. It Is notorious that the best men on the track and In the field are those who have the best form. The greatest Jumpers and weight throwers have gained their laurels In most cases through .attention to form, and it Is best for the beginner to start right, for a bad form once contracted is hard to lose. The growing body needs plenty of nourishment and the idea of training has changed Of late. In stead of dieting and eating little It is necessary to eat plenty of good, healthy food and not diet too se verely. A beginner must study his own abilities, especially in the sprints. It is often tho caso that a boy may be especially, fast, but caunotT last the 100 yards In that event. In that case the runner should take short work to retain his speed, but should take longer spins in an effort to develop that stamina which is necossary to re tain the best speed. Other sprinters have little difficulty in lasting the distance, but their trouble Is in working up sufficient speed. These should do a large amount of thlrty-flve-yard practicing. It Is generally the case that the small sprinter Is fast away from the mark, but slower at the finish, while the taller athlete is slower foi the first thirty yards, but Is faster at the tape. Exercises for All The high hurdle is one of the prettiest events on the track and i . 1 be the first to congratulate him, because If he is good enough to - 8Prtnt distance 120 yards. The pole vault is also most spec 8. Collins, Nebraska, Putttng the Shot First Place "Was Won by Wood, Kansas, with a ThrQW of 37 Feet 1 Inches. NEBRASKA -KANSAS MEET., the game 1b erpecially rough when matches are played and only the enforcement of the most stringent rule's keep many players from Injury. Track and Field Sports With the opening of the spring come tue great outdoor sports which give an opportunity to exercise in the free open air, when the lungs may be filled with life producing oxygen. Colleges encour age many forms of outdoor games in the spring. Base ball comes first and the players are allowed to condition themselves In the cages so that when the cold winds die down enough, so they will not make glass arms the players are taken to the diamond and but a short time is required to put the college ball player In condi tion. College teams get In condition much earlier in the spring than do the professional teams because ot the work in the cages. , Tennis is a great college game which many use in the spring for exercise. Tennis was at one time looked upon as a game for those not able to compete In the harder sports, but views have changed concerning this game, tor there Is no longer any' doubt but that it takes a real athlete to play through a college tennis tournament and be in condition to make ' any sort of a showing' when the semi-finals and finals are reached. Tennis as it is played for blood by the best players Is an entirely different game. As a rule Requirements for Runners A man may excell at one of these events and yet run unplaced in the other. A mile runner is a far different man from the man who can win the 100-yard dash. The long, lithe runner with lots of lung room may be able to go a mile In good time, while the, shorter man with the stout legs may excell in the sprints. The large powerful fellow has a chance to show his worth In the hammer throw, the discus throw and the shot put, while the little fellow may be able to lift himself higher over the rod In the pole vault. Track and field events bring out all sorts of contestants. Some years ago little attention was paid to this part of college sports, but times have changed and now even the grade schools are taking up both the track and field events", the hish schools are following up the course and whereas in the olden times Mike Murphy and other well known trainers had to look over the students and pick out a man with a likely build and teach him how to throw a hammer or putvthe shot, students now come to college well schooled in all these branches of college sports. Omaha had a scholastic meet a couple of weeks ago that had hundreds of participants, and one had but to watch these boys contesting in a sportsmanlike manner to see the immense possi bilities for good in such a plan. The lad born in the city has not the chance for exercise in the free open air that his country cousin has and many live under circumstances which are harmful to their physical development. Success in life cannot be complete, no matter how well educated, without a sound body. A man needs those mental qualities of quick ness, determination and nerve which athletics develop. These may only be obtained by Judicious exercise and practice in youth. The boy is taught to take good care of his body besides exercising It. He is taught to keep his skin clean, which means frequent bathing, and to take lots of sleep and to abstain, from smoking cigarettes. Smoking stunts the development of the boy, injures his heart and spoils his "wind." Grown men may smoke a cigar or a pipe without Injury, although a man whotrains to do his best in an athletic event must give up these luxuries. Smoking in any form is bad (or growing athletes and cigarettes are fatal to all prospects of suc cess in any athletic game. Honor the Aim Athletics, the way they are now handled in the universities and colleges and schools, teach the youth to be "fair" in all bis dealings. No underhand methods are allowed and the boy or college man caught doing any underhanded work is immediately ostracized beat you he must necessarily be a good man. It is well to remember that to be a good athlete means to be a square, honorable gentle man. Some little advantage which may be temporarily gained by trickery and underhand methods will not be long lived and the trickery is almost sure to be found out. Symmetry of Development Track athletes are too apt to depend too much on (he legs for success, and especially is this so amongst the school boys. It is all fine to. have a splendid pair of legs, but without a good body above them they will not amount to much. This does not mean that it is necessary to be able to make a showing of 'cords of muscles like some heavy lifter in the circus, but it is necessary to have that strength of body which will give a good working frame for the lungs and heart. Especial attention should be given to the development of the heart and lungs, for without a good pair of lungs the athlete will not bo able to compete very long against his stronger brothers. President Jesse of the University of Missouri always maintained that the wind was the big thing to develop In all sorts of athletics and said that most injuries in foot ball even could be traced back to a lack of wind. When a man becomes winded he cannot keep his muscles up to that tension which is necessary to resist a hard blow such as Is received from a hard tackle in foot ball, and then it Is when the player is injured. Therefore especial attention should be paid to exercises which will develop the heart and lungs. Club swinging, dumb-bell work and deep breathing exercises will develop the chest and body movements, and sutting-up exercises will develop the back and abnomlnal muscles. Some trainers have the entire squad lie down and place the hands back of the head and then draw the legs from an outstretched to a perpendicular position. This exercise may be varied by keeping the legs still and rising to a sit ting posture several times. It Is therefore most important that the body be strong and wiry. Some athletes wonder why they do not Improve and too often it is simply because they do not take the pains to develop their entire bodies. Nearly every field and track event requires good body as well as a good pair of legs. Trainers of youths, especially in the schools, advise the young men not to try to specialize too soon In their course. It is far better to take part In many kinds of sports. By doing this the mind and eye .will be the better trained to work In harmony and at once, and the necessary confidence will be developed. To work along various lines will also tend to develop the entire body. The most successful track man Is necessarily the one who has the greatest speed. While this assertion may sound self-evident, we s too often half-mile runners who train by trying to learn their best gait and do not take the time to try to learn how to sprint. A tacular and requires training of the entire body because ot the pull- up which Is necessary to make a miss of the bar at a high point. The trend ot college athleticB is now to find some sort of exer- . i A - " 1 ' '. Burke, Nebraska, Winning the 440-yard Dash; Haddock, Kansas, Second; Reed, Nebraska, Third. NEBRASKA-KANSAS MEET. else for all. The putting of the military drill in the schools has done a great deal toward developing the youth ot today, for the Bet ting up drill through which they are put strengthens the body In a remarkable way. Cornell is a leader in the work ot making some sort of athletics required of each student. The undergraduate ia permitted to make his own choice of athletics, but something must be done. He may play tennis or golf, or he may Join the foot ball squad; he may row or he may try for the track and field team; be may play base ball or basket ball, or he may take his exercise In the gymnasium. President Schurman has some well defined ideas of his own in the matter of college athletics and he is working them out at Cornell. He does not believe In letting a youth go through college and come out with a well developed brain, but & body which Is all worn out by close confinement and will not be ablo to carry that brain very long through life. rK i . t-' t-j. ' - i i !r C1 ) -..,- :K f The Humble Corncob Pipe a Growing- Favorite Top Row Tljeft to R1fnt) Wlr MeOcwan, Flsr sBMiry, Orliwold, Votsva. Bmroi! Row, Oable, ?fpff, swanson, Amber- son, Oeorge, Reed, Graham, Hsaimond. Third Row, Melick, Wlldman, McDonald (Captain), Dr. Clapp (Coach) Camp bell, Burks 5 ' NEBRASKA TRACK TEAM. . PROBABLY'.not one smoker In a hun dred who likes the "real American pipe'' the corncob Is aware of the fact that whole acres in Ohio and Illinois, Missouri and Nebraska are devoted to raising corn for the especial purpose of producing cobs suitable for fash ioning into pipe-bowls. The grain itself Is marketed, of course, but the .cob on which it grows Is the real harvest, and is cut care fully into proper lengths, smoothed and pol ished, the soft inner pulp being gouged out by specially constructed machinery. It is possible to buy a set of corncob pipes. In a nest of six, with an amber mouth piece, mounted in silver, that will cost as much as $7.50. The growing of corn for cobpipe purposes and the manufacture of the pipes by machinery are the conception of one of the Tobacco trust's experts. "The corncob pipe now goes to every country in the world where men smoke," . Bald this man, "and is especially In favor in Australia and New Zealand, where it is re garded as characteristically American, be cause it suggests the idea of Yankee ingenu ity. The cob Itself is turned out in such enormous quantities that it is not expensive, like the pipe fashioned from the brier root, most of which comes from St. Cloud in Franco and from certain regions of southern Italy. The brier is the favorite with Eng lishmen, who are probably the greatest pipe smokers In the world. Taken all in all, It is the best all-round pipe in use, and has as wide a variation in price as the meerschaum, whose costliness, by the way, may be in creased by the carving of ths bowl. The principal item of expense In the brier is not In the pattern of the bowl, but in the stem, which. If made of rock amber, brings the figure up to $50 or $100. "Here are two bowls of virgin brier and a rock amber mouthpiece eight inches long, worth $250. Briers are carved with the same artistic skill as the meerschaum, but the greatest demand Is for the plain bowl, with either the straight or curved mouthpiece of amber or vulcanite. There are a hundred varieties of shapes; and the majority of them are the result of sugcgstlons by customers a large majority of whom are college men, wishing a particular form for a class pipe, which the manufacturer turns out to order. As moro than one pipe has to be manufac tured, the shape or peculiarity attracts at tention, and a demand is created. "Meerschaums still hold favor with Ger man smokers, and with Austrians. Vienna is the home of the meerschaum, which is a peculiar porous clay, found only. In small pockets. It was discovered by a nobleman, who found a small, irregular block ot what looked like marble, but it was so light In weight that he marvelled. He showed his find to a peasant, who said the substance was extremely rare and was supposed to be an ocean product 'the foam of the sea.' The nobleman took the Irregular lump to the cobbler of the town, who also was a magis trate, and quite a skillful carver in wood. It occurred to this wise person that the 'meer schaum' would yield readily to the knife and he proposed fashioning out a pipe. The block was cut Into two parts one for his patron and the other for himself. "When his day s work was done the cob bler washed his bands with great care, while using the carving tools, so as not to soil the dead-white surface of the clay. When he carved his own pipe be did not take the trouble to cleanse his hands of the wax he used in his trade. As a consequence bis pipe was waxy and oily on the surface, and after he had smoked a few weeks the bowl took on a delicate orange tint, which gradu ally deepened to a dark chestnut. The no bleman's pipe remained white. So there was a comparing of notes, and that was the origin of treating the surface of the meer schaum with wax, without wbtnb. It will not color. New York Post.