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TITE OMAIIA SUNDAY BEE: JUNE 13. 190!).
Wayne County's Fertile Acres the Source of Great Material "Wealth .-.MM' It k A - I v ji- : . r i METHODIST EPIRCOPAti r.OM Ihe days of the trappr and force of the statute of February 26, IS79, October 1. N. F. Bennett commenced the fur trailer, of the buffalo anj the county was without definite boundary, first hotel about the same time. The Inciiun; from the primitive prat- Wayne county lylnK on the divide between Wayne County Review moved from La lie and unexplored rlverw, to the Klkhorn and Logan Valley la mainly Porte in November, publishing the first Wayne county as It Is known upland. From one-third to one-fourth of number In Wayne December 3. The depot today, Is a wonderful pIlKriinajre the surface is valley. w" completed May 1, 1SS2, yet the rail- F fi au'jlit with untold hardHlilps and ly rote V struggles. The early trials and failures of the plo- neer of Wayne county were largely matters of plain chance. The workers were en countering forces they did not know and could not measure. It was a fight in the dark. Today they know what they are Colng and to what end they are doing-. Their labor is Intelligent and therefore vastly more effective than before. Within the last fifteen or twenty yefirs prairie farming In Wayne county has ceased to be an experiment. It has gained the dignity of a profession in which the greatest reward, both Industrial and social, go to the men best equipped and disci plined for thulr work. This new farmer of Wayne county has not satisfied hlmnelf merely with attention to agriculture. It is he who has worked out the solutions of many of those prob lems which once sorely puzzled the farmer. He Is a Dracllral economist, and his work In this field has given to the products of the farms a clear and distinct meaning and value In the world of commerce. The prairie farmer is now established In firm worm remuons. in me pas napless years he as all but Isolated-the parties were only a sort of commercial back water in which no traffic currents were known, means oi iransporiaiion were lew ana poor; markets were too far away; and so, no matter what the volume of a crop, there waa little or no profit in It for the grower, . . Railroads a Factor In Fight. . ., . . j . " A satisfactory adjustment of this condl- ... a a . bulldlna-. The railroads, her. a. else- where, had to b. won over to the service 4 .1 , ? .1 V rv,ce of the people, upon terms that would leave something in profits for the shippers. It would be foolish to say that thla struggle is over for the Wayne county farmer, but the cause of th. farmer to making .teady gain.. It la not too much to say that tho railroads and the people are coming to a pretty fair understanding of their common dependence. Aside from railway extension, ther ha oome another change in condition. Tha markets for farm product are moving closer and ever closer to the heart of the farming country. The growth of the great packing industry tn the Missouri valley illustrates this. It Is no longer necessary for the prairie breeder to ship his stock to Chicago or remoter points. The markets at Omaha, Kansas City and elsewhere in the west are oulte as good, and the establish- ment of took yards at these polnU with th. unfailing demand for choice stock. make, market, for grain and forage crop.. rne town, and cities or Wayne and ad- rntrtrarrplace: S raw' faT prod" mer. trading place, for raw farm prod- uct they are doing their share to give to the., product, their final value in the market.. Manufacturing is already far past f the experimental stage in the west. In Northwestern Nebraska. s ..... . . . rJ: r. tli x:zrz" oil, of fixed industrial principles, of limit ... ... less capacity for expansion and service, What Po'Ulcs or statecraft, or finance cannot do in th. way of perpetual re.tora- tlon of life . wear and tear, that th. mlr- , "! unmeasured., he Pw.r of th. western prairie country Th. return. of yields of cereals, vegetable, and fruit from farms in Wayne county almo.t challenge belief. Th. farmer 1. abl., year after year, to make hi. land produce bounteous and profitable crop, and to eliminate In a reat measure thrposslbllUe. of Ullura pfinstakTng In ..f.. . ' ... . .. . Painstaking, in- coupled with consistently applied labor, insure a measure of success Uiat is not exceeded In any county tn th. state. Wayne county Is one of the choicest bodies of farming land in the state of Nebraska. If there is a poor quarter sec. tlon, we are at a hiss to locate the same. Th. county ha. 256,700 acres in farms, with 16S.900 acres under a high state of cultivation. During th. continuance In ( V.'." 1 v : 1 i 1 . -. . , ; FARM HOME OP CHURCH, Y ATN'B. This countv Is oulte fortunate In Its sur- face soil. It lies east of the sand deposits ,nd botn , valleys and rolling prairies to composed of exceedingly fertile soil. The county Is well watered by the Logan creek and Its branches, Dogtown, Rattle snake and Coon, In the eastern, northern and central portion. Plum, Humbug and Spring creeks have their sources in their southern part and flow south Into the Elk- j horn. DeRlnnlna; In Wayne County. The pioneer settlers of Wayne county were B. F. Whitten and Mr. Bean, who located on the Logan In the summer of ltw. William Jones followed shortly after ami un a , r-it But n.il In ik Bfl m A , . T, , year a small colony from Illinois at the ' . , , . . . . j head of wh en was W ard Graves, entered the county and settled mostly In the south eastern corner on Coon creek. The first postoffice wss established H , ... ?"P'enlb,?r 8, 1K70, near the Logan bridge J 1 1 T f f, TTrt T . Tnlfa ",m or i-'aKoia cny. imam gier was .no fl"t postmaster. The first child born In "- v.. uu.. daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Hunter, Decern- bcr 16. 1870. The first marriage In the county was that of Mr. T. Sperry to Miss oaran Ann r.ayrs, may M, jsii, ana in first death, that of a son of Mr. and Mrs. William Vroman, August 8, 1870. First ser- mon preached in the county was by Elder Vanduser of the Methodist church at the . . , ,.. T . home of A. S. Miner near the Logan bridge . . . . , . . . . in October, 18i0. First school was taught "r . " " Laporte- tne wno,e county tnen DelnK in one school district. The first practising K.,,. -a -,., ..s.v..... " " - - . Q- Ors.nl.ed Under Governor Bntler The countv was organized by the proo,amBtlon of Governor David Butler, in tn, un of ,8m Th6 ttTBi eleotlon was held September 5. The electors of the county have voted bomU at alfferent tlmes and tor different purposes. On February 21, 1874 tney voteJ bonds for $16,000 for the purpo,e cf building a court house. Total vot, of the county was forty-seven. There wer, a for ani n against. The next bond election was held January 18, 1S76, when iooo in bonds were voted to aid the Covington, Columbus & Black Hills Rail- road company. The bonds carried by fifty votes and .fifty majority, no vote being caat aKalnst them, but they were never i.,,. . Th, Burlington & Missouri Railroad com- pany owned orlnally 23,000 acre, of land ln thIa county. There WM at first twenty- flve .action, of agricultural college iand. Th6re M mUCh KVernment homestead land in the county, a. there are not more than about thirty homesteads ,n ln, county. More than one-half of the entlre county was at one time owned by private parties, nonresidents who held it for higher price.. The village of LaPorte, formerly located .even mile, southeast of the present city Mtty . DU1U1I iW 1I1B. 11 was located on high roll- ing prairie on the north side of the valley of Coon creek. It was made the county ,eat ln the ,aU cf 1871. and the court house waa erected in th. fall of 1S74, at a co.t of Wi9W. The school district of LaPorte con- U",Wl forty-,,re "lldren- Th PO"'""1" was established February a. 171 C. H. Hunter postmaster. Th. people of Wayne county held their first Fourth of July cele- bratlon at this point In 1871. with M. T. Sperry a. orator of the day. C. H. Hunter read th. Declaration of Independenc. and R- B. Crawford had charge of the singing. Tl'ere l "ttle left of I-aPorte, except the 'd court house, to tell the story of the village. When Waae Waa Born. Th. village of Wayne was laid out by th. fit fa,il A Hlnnv Dtv T?llrs.o.4 ln June 1&sl and u hag been a ,uccet)ll frora the arL Tn flrgt nolM bu)u by R T. Maxwell In July. 18S1. The first .tore waa op8lled August 1. and within a month a general store was opened by Britton. Hardenburgh and Johnson. The Logan Valley bank waa moved here from LaPorte, U M. OWENS NEAR WATNE. - ! I. .'IT roal reached Wayne In the fall of 1S.S1. T"e P"-ent condition of the county is one of thrlft ttnd "Prosperity. Go where you may In this commonwealth and you will " t ibihq uiuniy, out ll is una Ul me niiu-ci counties of Its size In the entire state. To the stranger traveling through this county, It Is but little wonder that con tentment and good cheer reigns supreme. Is settled by an excellent clans of people, who have made the most of their opportunities and have carved out homes from the raw prairie that would be an honor to any of the old settled states. Many " 7 1",' of peace, plenty and prosperity. The county as the present time has a valuation of . ,. . , . 21,D51.S0O.00. and It has a population of . .,,,..,,,., , ., kuuui M,tM. iiui ipw fjuiliilies 111 Liie hiuik are as well provided with free rural routes, Mn4 rural tnlntilimiiia n a Wavrra Thara ri t-11 , . , , ' .. . fourteen rurali routes In the county that serve on an average of about five hundred people each, and more than 80 per cent of the rural population are In touch with the outside world by telephone. In aome ocalltu. thev have a ,eRlliftr nour for a ,leshborhotK, cnati whlch do(. muPh lQ kppp ,hem ,n t(nlch wUh the,, countVi Btate anj wori,j at large $ Active School f.ffe. The county from the start has had an active school life. There are eighty-one school districts with ninety school build lngs and 126 teachers. A. E. Llttel Is serv ing his second term as superintendent of the schools of the county. He Is a man well qualified for the position and the ,ohool. Lav. maae excei,ent Dronress undur acnoois nae maae excellent progress unaor ins management. The county has seven banks and fourteen fraln elevatorB. Wayne county has sixty , i i j - , But few countle8 ln the 8tate have v that wm compare with Wlnside and Carrol, with a poPP"latlon of nearly 1,000 each, They are both good trading points for u rich section of farming country, and they early acquired the spirit of western hustle, o common to towns of this size through Nebraska. It would be difficult to secure a correct impression of this county without driving ou ' some of the prosperous farms and the large feeding pens. One soon forms the impression that their chief Industry ' m the growing and fattening of well bred llve Btock- 11 18 lult! Plaln that a Irge Bhare of the farmers income comes from this source. Last year the farmers 'hl" ?,n.ty old L a"dhlp,d ,ULT? C'J" .Jl ' R" " "T" , "". ' 7." -2 iK .ir?V bu8hel. of wheat and CtB.OoO bushels of 0at8 Dairy and Fruit Farming. Wayne county is making rapid progress ln the dairy industry. At the present time these farmers have 6,874 cows on their farms, where they are using &S3 hand sep- mtm yr J out 6.500 pounds of butter and 26.700 gat jons 0f cream. At the present time these former v.Q ... mnnn ..... a.. a ... .. Th, poultry lnduBtry blds fair to become more an1 more prom,nent each year. Last year w marketed by lhe Urmera 113,000 dozen, of egg, and 232.000 pounds of AreaHei pouItryE A beKer lmpe.sl can b, resources of this , h ... .... . " Tr. nrl Ho . f l'.' f ' e!7l 1Cfl'n' acre of. heat anJ 57'5W) e ut ' , . . " encouraging to note the progress that 18 beln ma over the entire county and the BPlal Pa'nii that is being taken on nearly every farm to produce enough Irult for home consumption. It is an ex- ceptlon to find a farmer who ha. neg- lftOtft.1 tO DrOVtde himself with &n 1 1 ti 1 1 m 1 1 . 1 ,Upply of strawberries and In most cases rasplmrrles as well. At the present time the farmers have growing and In full bear- ing 39.0t0 apple. Br pear. 1,900 peach, lu.soo plum and 12,000 cherry trees, Holding the key to a rich territory that 1. constantly developing and expanding, the rrr - rf 5 'CSV WAYNE PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS. city of Wayne is certain to be an Impor tant distributing and Jobbing center. The city owns Its own water works and elec tric lighting plant, and both are run at a profit. The schools are in a flourishing con dition. The churches are not only well at tended, but the pulpits are filled by some of the most able ministers in northern Nebraska. The business blocks of Wayne will compare favorably with other cities, and the stock, of goods carried by the mer chants and the sharp competition In trude draws customers for many miles in every direction. Wayne Is the county seat of Wayne county, and Its court house has every ap pearance of this city remaining the county seat for all time to come. The streets of the city are well laid out and bordered with many excellent shade trees. It seemed to be the intention of the citizens of this city from the very start, to make it one of the most homelike little cities In the entire state. This can be ap preciated best by visiting it in midsummer. The city has three banks, with a deposit of 1.0(i0,0T0, which Is perhaps the best showing for its size of any city ln the state. The city is now engaged In putting in an extensive sewer system. The city has a first class creamery that has done and ! doing much for both the city anil the fanning community. The flouring mill lo cutid here has been a potent factor i:i drawing trade from other towns and counties. The two brick yards manufacture and ship out lar;e quantities of brirk, be sides supplying a strong home demand. The X-ray incubator factory located here, is responsible to a certain extent for the iHige Increase in the poultry Industry ln this county. The Commercial club of the city, con sisting of eighty members, was organized about six years ago, and its influence has been seen and felt on every hand. The Stute Normal School was secured for this city largely through their efforts, and they are ever on the alert for anything that will add to the beauty or business of the In n Und Way. DOCTOR came up to a pa- A I tlent ln the Dlxmont insane I asylum, .lapped him on the .JtlV JY, CLI1V1 n.iu. ' . . ' ' I " ' man, you're all right. You can run along and write your folks that you'll be back home In two weeks, as good 8 new." The patient went off gayly to write his letter. He hid it finishtd and sealed, but when he was licking the stamp It .lipped through his fingers to the floor, lighted on the oack of a cockroach that was pass ing, and stuck. The patient hadn't seen the cockroach. What he did see was his escaped postage stamp zigzagging aim lessly across the floor to the baseboard, wavering up over the baseboard and fol lowing a crooked track up the wall and across the ceiling. In depressed silence lie tore up the letter that he had Just written and dropped the pieces on the floor. "Two weeks!" he said. "I won't be out of here ln three years." Pittsburg Chronicle. Alternative la ftasy. Rabbi Stephen Wist of New York said eplgrammatically at tthe Colony club: "We face today two tragic paradoxes first, the unemployed man, who has a right to work; and, second, the employed child, who has a right not to work." . A reporter complimented Halibl Wise npon this epigram's brilliance. "Brilliant, or not, it Is true." the rabhl answered. "It Is particularly true ln the child's case. The child, poor thing. Is al ways getting the worst of It. Some legal and permissible way Is always found to do him wrong." Rabbi Wise smiled: "Ther was a little boy," he sajd, "who was given underdone, apple pie for his supper. The Utile boy ate heart'!, of the pie. It disagreed with him a.-:ri l:i great pain he roared lustily. "A viijtor Bald, with a frov.-. hi mother: . lilliiiililiiffips f.Ul.M HOME OF W. H. G1LDUUSLEE J, X city. The several women's clubs are doing their full part for making the city more attractive in every respcrt. Xphmnkft ftormnl School. By a recent art of the legislature the property of the Nebraska Normal collge becomes the property of the stute for use as a state normal school. The Wayne Normal has successfully taught more than fi.000 young men und women during the last sixteen years. The college is located on a beautiful campus of ten acres Just north of the city and three-fourths of a mile from the depot. Good walks lend from all parts of the city to ttie buildings. The college building and the auditorium are built of brick and nicely finished. Each building has three floors used for recita tion purposes. The departments of sci ence, music and shorthand are conducted In the college building. The offices, chapel and other departments of the school are ln the auditorium. Tho two buildings con tain thirty recitation rooms, offices, fac ulty room, cloak rooms and are furnished throughout with appropriate furniture, ap paratus, electric lights and hot water heat. A majority of the young men on the farms finish their education In the country schools. They have had but little or no opportunity for a higher education or to become acquainted with the science under lying farm work. These facts have led this school to organize a year course in agriculture. As long as civilization, endures, peoplo must wear clothes and eat the food of civilized man, and Just so long will a market obtain for the products of Wayne county. Therefore, It may be truthfully said that their prosperity and welfare are grounded in the earth and plenty and content are their heritage. The pust has dealt kindly with the city; the present Is all that coujd bo wished, and the future holds out promises, tho contemplation of which must fill its people and friends with Joy, ln anticipation of the many blessings In store for It. Wayne ha found Itself , and is here to stay. Selections from the " 'He's got no business to yell like that. If he were my child he would get a good, sound spanking.' " 'He deserves It,' the mother admitted. 'I don't believe though in ' spanking him on a full stomach.' " 'Neither do I,' said tho visitor, 'but you can turn him over.' "New York Times. LanKunice Clothes. A pompous colored woman wheeled Into the cloak department of a down town store. "Can I direct you, madam?" Inquired one of the managers. "Yes-sah. Ah wants the gown depaht ment." "What kind of gowns, madam?" further inquired the official. "Why, women's gowns, of co'se," replied the customer, disgustedly. "Y'all think Ah warits a gown fo' a man?" "But, madam," explained the manager, "you see we have different kinds of gowns. There are tailor-made gowns, evening gowns and night gowns. "No sah," put in the woman, promptly, "Ah don' want no tallah-made gowns, or night gowns, or early ln the evenln' gowns. What Ah wants is Jes1 a plain gowu to do washln' In. Ah wants a calico wrapper. Tliat'h what Ah wants." Cleve land Plain Dealer. Most Itemurkuble Feature. When Mr. Taft was in the south a "cracker" did him some small service, which was paid for and, like the man, for gotten. Some time after the president elect observed a seedy Individual hanging around the golf links. "Is there anything you would like?" Mr. Taft presently asked, good naturedly, hav ing Just made a wonderful drive. "Thar .ho is. Ah'd like to see yo' inaug uration," the cracker announoed, and waa Instantly frightened almost to death at his own daring. "Well" Mr. Taft replied, smiling; but, anyway, a Georgia cracker was in Wash -a A VK NEAR WAVNE. A T .i ft, ttt V L'-f"y' .Sill :j! f ..'., 1 . ..... t- ; , r ' ' WATNE COUNTT COUTIT HOUSE. PRESBYTERIAN Story Teller's Pack ington on March 4. He had neve been ten miles away from his home cabin before. "What war the most remarkable thing 'bout the whole shebang. Bud?" Bud ejected a stream of tobacco Juloe with precision. "Me beln' tiiar," he replied with empha sis. Harper's. , Knock, for the Onllrooni. Following the statement he made during his sermon last Sunday that "tock'fy in this city Is rotten," Rev. J. Frederick Rake, pastor of the First Baptist church of Crawfordsville, Ind., in a signed Inter view says the ball room is responsible for much that Is deplorable ln society. "Girls go to the ball room because they like to be hugged," he declares. "Announce a dunce for girls only and how many would be there?" he asks. "The dance is all public silliness," he continues. "When people are a failure ln their head they try to develop their feet. The ball room is silly and dancing Is simply hugging to music." Thl. WlilJsr Yon. London is holding its sides because of a wonderful new Joke. It's ruther a shame to tell it to you Sunday morning, when f your thoughts should be serious, but it's ' too good to keep. The first Englishman asked the second: "Why is Melba like a Dutch oyster?" Get ready, now; It', com ing "Because she is an Australian." Isn't that the acme of wit? An "oyster alien!" And people dare to say the English ar. not humorous. Springfield Republican. True Story of Hherldan's Hide. In Harper', for June I. printed the nar rative of one of Sheridan's scouts ln which he tell, the true story of Sheridan', fainou. ride. "I looked across a largo clear field and aw a black horse at full speed coming out of the woods, and I said to Campbell, 'There comes the "Old Man" we always called General Sheridan the "Old Man" and he said, 'Can't be; he'. In Washington. I looked again for a moment, and then aid, 'It', him; jS' . " '--,.. t NEW BUILDING OF TUB NEBRASKA NORMAL' COLLECJ WATTa A - i$ K i ti . "iffy! pjmky iil!vr2I:- CHURCH. WATNE. there coma a couple of hi. staff of ficer, a hundred yard, behind.' Wo stopped, and General Sheridan cum. up, pulled ln his horse, and said, "Boys, how it it? Campbell replied, 'GeneruX it', a rout.' He threw his eyes quick at me, and Bs.ld: 'Not quite that bad! The Eighth and Nine teenth are scattered, but the Sixth is solid 1 "A young lieutenant, with a Nineteenth corps badge on hi. cap, was hurrying by Sheridan wheeled around to him. 'Lieu tenant, where Is your command?' 'I don't know,' the lieutenant shouted, and waa hurrying on agiUn. 'Damn you, turn back and find it!' Sheridan yelled, and passed on. The lieutenant .topped. "Who waa that scout?' 'That was General Sberldan,' I said. 'I'll turn back!' he cried. "It wa. the same all along the road; th. men were coming back up the valley faster than they had run down It; ahead of u. they were running toward th road, and lining up on either .Ida, and as we rod. along there waa Juut one great roar of cheers." He told of the ride back to the front, where tho Sixth corps and remnants of th. Nineteenth has been sullenly battling holding off the confederate army all th. day; of how the ebb-tide that had turned cam. roaring back to the fight In a flood of men who could scarce be held back from the attack until the lines were suf ficiently reinforced and reformed. And when he told of Sheridan, bareheaded, riding Along ln front of his battle line where it waited the command to advance, he rose from hi. chair, and his eyes alight with the old battle fire, he pounded the desk with hi. flat. "There has been a lot toid and a lot written of what Sheridan aid that day, but here is what he did say the very word.; I was there, I heard, and these are his very word.. A man, out of the ranks, called, 'General, where will we sleep tonight? General' Sheridan stopped hi. horse and turned; he didn't speak loud, but In the hush that fell hi. words seemed to ring: 'We'll sleep In our old camp to night, or we'll sleep ln hell!' And a mo ment or two after that he gave the signal to advance, and the whole line moved out, cheering like mud. History tell, the rest."