TITE OMAIIA SUNDAY BEE: JUNE 13. 190!).
Wayne County's Fertile Acres the Source of Great Material "Wealth
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r.OM Ihe days of the trappr and force of the statute of February 26, IS79, October 1. N. F. Bennett commenced the
fur trailer, of the buffalo anj the county was without definite boundary, first hotel about the same time. The
Inciiun; from the primitive prat- Wayne county lylnK on the divide between Wayne County Review moved from La
lie and unexplored rlverw, to the Klkhorn and Logan Valley la mainly Porte in November, publishing the first
Wayne county as It Is known upland. From one-third to one-fourth of number In Wayne December 3. The depot
today, Is a wonderful pIlKriinajre the surface is valley. w" completed May 1, 1SS2, yet the rail-
fi au'jlit with untold hardHlilps and ly rote
The early trials and failures of the plo-
neer of Wayne county were largely matters
of plain chance. The workers were en
countering forces they did not know and
could not measure. It was a fight in the
dark. Today they know what they are
Colng and to what end they are doing-.
Their labor is Intelligent and therefore
vastly more effective than before.
Within the last fifteen or twenty yefirs
prairie farming In Wayne county has
ceased to be an experiment. It has gained
the dignity of a profession in which the
greatest reward, both Industrial and social,
go to the men best equipped and disci
plined for thulr work.
This new farmer of Wayne county has
not satisfied hlmnelf merely with attention
to agriculture. It is he who has worked
out the solutions of many of those prob
lems which once sorely puzzled the farmer.
He Is a Dracllral economist, and his work
In this field has given to the products of
the farms a clear and distinct meaning
and value In the world of commerce. The
prairie farmer is now established In firm
worm remuons. in me pas napless years
he as all but Isolated-the parties were
only a sort of commercial back water in
which no traffic currents were known,
means oi iransporiaiion were lew ana
poor; markets were too far away; and so,
no matter what the volume of a crop, there
waa little or no profit in It for the grower,
Railroads a Factor In Fight.
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A satisfactory adjustment of this condl-
... a a .
bulldlna-. The railroads, her. a. else-
where, had to b. won over to the service
4 .1 , ? .1 V rv,ce
of the people, upon terms that would leave
something in profits for the shippers. It
would be foolish to say that thla struggle
is over for the Wayne county farmer, but
the cause of th. farmer to making .teady
gain.. It la not too much to say that tho
railroads and the people are coming to a
pretty fair understanding of their common
Aside from railway extension, ther ha
oome another change in condition. Tha
markets for farm product are moving
closer and ever closer to the heart of the
farming country. The growth of the great
packing industry tn the Missouri valley
illustrates this. It Is no longer necessary
for the prairie breeder to ship his stock to
Chicago or remoter points. The markets at
Omaha, Kansas City and elsewhere in the
west are oulte as good, and the establish-
ment of took yards at these polnU with
th. unfailing demand for choice stock.
make, market, for grain and forage crop..
rne town, and cities or Wayne and ad-
rntrtrarrplace: S raw' faT prod"
mer. trading place, for raw farm prod-
uct they are doing their share to give to
the., product, their final value in the
market.. Manufacturing is already far
past f the experimental stage in the west.
In Northwestern Nebraska.
s ..... . . .
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oil, of fixed industrial principles, of limit
less capacity for expansion and service,
What Po'Ulcs or statecraft, or finance
cannot do in th. way of perpetual re.tora-
tlon of life . wear and tear, that th. mlr-
unmeasured., he Pw.r of th.
western prairie country
Th. return. of yields of cereals,
vegetable, and fruit from farms in Wayne
county almo.t challenge belief. Th.
farmer 1. abl., year after year, to make
hi. land produce bounteous and profitable
crop, and to eliminate In a reat measure
thrposslbllUe. of Ullura pfinstakTng In
..f.. . ' ... . .. . Painstaking, in-
coupled with consistently applied labor,
insure a measure of success Uiat is not
exceeded In any county tn th. state.
Wayne county Is one of the choicest
bodies of farming land in the state of
Nebraska. If there is a poor quarter sec.
tlon, we are at a hiss to locate the same.
Th. county ha. 256,700 acres in farms,
with 16S.900 acres under a high state of
cultivation. During th. continuance In
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FARM HOME OP
CHURCH, Y ATN'B.
This countv Is oulte fortunate In Its sur-
face soil. It lies east of the sand deposits
,nd botn , valleys and rolling prairies
to composed of exceedingly fertile soil.
The county Is well watered by the Logan
creek and Its branches, Dogtown, Rattle
snake and Coon, In the eastern, northern
and central portion. Plum, Humbug and
Spring creeks have their sources in their
southern part and flow south Into the Elk- j
DeRlnnlna; In Wayne County.
The pioneer settlers of Wayne county
were B. F. Whitten and Mr. Bean, who
located on the Logan In the summer of
ltw. William Jones followed shortly after
ami un a , r-it But n.il In ik Bfl m A
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year a small colony from Illinois at the
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head of wh en was W ard Graves, entered
the county and settled mostly In the south
eastern corner on Coon creek.
The first postoffice wss established
H , ...
1K70, near the Logan bridge
J 1 1 T f f, TTrt T . Tnlfa
or i-'aKoia cny. imam gier was .no
fl"t postmaster. The first child born In
"- v.. uu..
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Hunter, Decern-
bcr 16. 1870. The first marriage In the
county was that of Mr. T. Sperry to Miss
oaran Ann r.ayrs, may M, jsii, ana in
first death, that of a son of Mr. and Mrs.
William Vroman, August 8, 1870. First ser-
mon preached in the county was by Elder
Vanduser of the Methodist church at the
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home of A. S. Miner near the Logan bridge
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in October, 18i0. First school was taught
"r . "
" Laporte- tne wno,e county tnen DelnK
in one school district. The first practising
K.,,. -a -,.,
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Ors.nl.ed Under Governor Bntler
The countv was organized by the
proo,amBtlon of Governor David Butler, in
tn, un of ,8m Th6 ttTBi eleotlon was held
September 5. The electors of the county
have voted bomU at alfferent tlmes and
tor different purposes. On February 21,
1874 tney voteJ bonds for $16,000 for the
purpo,e cf building a court house. Total
vot, of the county was forty-seven. There
wer, a for ani n against. The next bond
election was held January 18, 1S76, when
iooo in bonds were voted to aid the
Covington, Columbus & Black Hills Rail-
road company. The bonds carried by fifty
votes and .fifty majority, no vote being
caat aKalnst them, but they were never
Th, Burlington & Missouri Railroad com-
pany owned orlnally 23,000 acre, of land
ln thIa county. There WM at first twenty-
flve .action, of agricultural college iand.
Th6re M mUCh KVernment
homestead land in the county, a. there
are not more than about thirty homesteads
,n ln, county. More than one-half of the
entlre county was at one time owned by
private parties, nonresidents who held it
for higher price..
The village of LaPorte, formerly located
.even mile, southeast of the present city
DU1U1I iW 1I1B. 11
was located on high roll-
ing prairie on the north side of the valley
of Coon creek. It was made the county
,eat ln the ,aU cf 1871. and the court house
waa erected in th. fall of 1S74, at a co.t of
Wi9W. The school district of LaPorte con-
U",Wl forty-,,re "lldren- Th PO"'""1"
was established February a. 171 C. H.
Hunter postmaster. Th. people of Wayne
county held their first Fourth of July cele-
bratlon at this point In 1871. with M. T.
Sperry a. orator of the day. C. H. Hunter
read th. Declaration of Independenc. and
R- B. Crawford had charge of the singing.
Tl'ere l "ttle left of I-aPorte, except the
'd court house, to tell the story of the
When Waae Waa Born.
Th. village of Wayne was laid out by th.
fit fa,il A Hlnnv Dtv T?llrs.o.4 ln
June 1&sl and u hag been a ,uccet)ll frora
the arL Tn flrgt nolM bu)u by R
T. Maxwell In July. 18S1. The first .tore
waa op8lled August 1. and within a month a
general store was opened by Britton.
Hardenburgh and Johnson. The Logan
Valley bank waa moved here from LaPorte,
U M. OWENS NEAR WATNE.
roal reached Wayne In the fall of 1S.S1.
T"e P"-ent condition of the county is one
of thrlft ttnd "Prosperity. Go where you
may In this commonwealth and you will
t ibihq uiuniy, out ll is una Ul me niiu-ci
counties of Its size In the entire state.
To the stranger traveling through this
county, It Is but little wonder that con
tentment and good cheer reigns supreme.
Is settled by an excellent clans of
people, who have made the most of their
opportunities and have carved out homes
from the raw prairie that would be an
honor to any of the old settled states. Many
" 7 1",'
of peace, plenty and prosperity. The county
as the present time has a valuation of
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21,D51.S0O.00. and It has a population of
. .,,,..,,,., , .,
kuuui M,tM. iiui ipw fjuiliilies 111 Liie hiuik
are as well provided with free rural routes,
Mn4 rural tnlntilimiiia n a Wavrra Thara ri t-11
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fourteen rurali routes In the county that
serve on an average of about five hundred
people each, and
more than 80 per
cent of the rural population are In touch
with the outside world by telephone. In
aome ocalltu. thev have a ,eRlliftr nour
for a ,leshborhotK, cnati whlch do(. muPh
lQ kppp ,hem ,n t(nlch wUh the,, countVi
Btate anj wori,j at large
Active School f.ffe.
The county from the start has had an
active school life. There are eighty-one
school districts with ninety school build
lngs and 126 teachers. A. E. Llttel Is serv
ing his second term as superintendent of
the schools of the county. He Is
well qualified for the position and the
,ohool. Lav. maae excei,ent Dronress undur
acnoois nae maae excellent progress unaor
The county has seven banks and fourteen
fraln elevatorB. Wayne county has sixty
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But few countle8 ln the 8tate have v
that wm compare with Wlnside and Carrol,
with a poPP"latlon of nearly 1,000 each,
They are both good trading points for u
rich section of farming country, and they
early acquired the spirit of western hustle,
o common to towns of this size through
It would be difficult to secure a correct
impression of this county without driving
ou ' some of the prosperous farms and
the large feeding pens. One soon forms
the impression that their chief Industry
' m the growing and fattening of well
bred llve Btock- 11 18 lult! Plaln that a
Irge Bhare of the farmers income comes
from this source. Last year the farmers
'hl" ?,n.ty old L a"dhlp,d ,ULT?
.Jl ' R" " "T" , "". ' 7."
-2 iK .ir?V
bu8hel. of wheat and CtB.OoO bushels of
Dairy and Fruit Farming.
Wayne county is making rapid progress
ln the dairy industry. At the present time
these farmers have 6,874 cows on their
farms, where they are using &S3 hand sep-
mtm yr J
out 6.500 pounds of butter and 26.700 gat
jons 0f cream. At the present time these
former v.Q ... mnnn ..... a.. a ... ..
Th, poultry lnduBtry blds fair to become
more an1 more prom,nent each year. Last
year w marketed by lhe Urmera
113,000 dozen, of egg, and 232.000 pounds
of AreaHei pouItryE A beKer lmpe.sl
can b, resources of this
, h ... .... . "
Tr. nrl Ho . f
l'.' f ' e!7l 1Cfl'n'
acre of. heat anJ 57'5W) e ut
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" encouraging to note the progress
that 18 beln ma over the entire county
and the BPlal Pa'nii that is being taken
on nearly every farm to produce enough
Irult for home consumption. It is an ex-
ceptlon to find a farmer who ha. neg-
lftOtft.1 tO DrOVtde himself with &n 1 1 ti 1 1 m 1 1 . 1
,Upply of strawberries and In most cases
rasplmrrles as well. At the present time
the farmers have growing and In full bear-
ing 39.0t0 apple. Br pear. 1,900 peach, lu.soo
plum and 12,000 cherry trees,
Holding the key to a rich territory that
1. constantly developing and expanding, the
WAYNE PUBLIC SCHOOL TEACHERS.
city of Wayne is certain to be an Impor
tant distributing and Jobbing center. The
city owns Its own water works and elec
tric lighting plant, and both are run at a
profit. The schools are in a flourishing con
dition. The churches are not only well at
tended, but the pulpits are filled by some
of the most able ministers in northern
Nebraska. The business blocks of Wayne
will compare favorably with other cities,
and the stock, of goods carried by the mer
chants and the sharp competition In trude
draws customers for many miles in every
Wayne Is the county seat of Wayne
county, and Its court house has every ap
pearance of this city remaining the county
seat for all time to come.
The streets of the city are well laid out
and bordered with many excellent shade
trees. It seemed to be the intention of the
citizens of this city from the very start,
to make it one of the most homelike little
cities In the entire state. This can be ap
preciated best by visiting it in midsummer.
The city has three banks, with a deposit
of 1.0(i0,0T0, which Is perhaps the best
showing for its size of any city ln the
The city is now engaged In putting in an
extensive sewer system. The city has a
first class creamery that has done and !
doing much for both the city anil the
fanning community. The flouring mill lo
cutid here has been a potent factor i:i
drawing trade from other towns and
counties. The two brick yards manufacture
and ship out lar;e quantities of brirk, be
sides supplying a strong home demand.
The X-ray incubator factory located
here, is responsible to a certain extent for
the iHige Increase in the poultry Industry
ln this county.
The Commercial club of the city, con
sisting of eighty members, was organized
about six years ago, and its influence has
been seen and felt on every hand. The
Stute Normal School was secured for this
city largely through their efforts, and
they are ever on the alert for anything that
will add to the beauty or business of the
In n Und Way.
DOCTOR came up to a pa-
A I tlent ln the Dlxmont insane
I asylum, .lapped him on the
.JtlV JY, CLI1V1 n.iu. ' . . ' ' I " '
man, you're all right. You can
run along and write your folks
that you'll be back home In two weeks,
as good 8 new."
The patient went off gayly to write his
letter. He hid it finishtd and sealed, but
when he was licking the stamp It .lipped
through his fingers to the floor, lighted
on the oack of a cockroach that was pass
ing, and stuck. The patient hadn't seen
the cockroach. What he did see was his
escaped postage stamp zigzagging aim
lessly across the floor to the baseboard,
wavering up over the baseboard and fol
lowing a crooked track up the wall and
across the ceiling. In depressed silence
lie tore up the letter that he had Just
written and dropped the pieces on the
floor. "Two weeks!" he said. "I won't
be out of here ln three years." Pittsburg
Alternative la ftasy.
Rabbi Stephen Wist of New York said
eplgrammatically at tthe Colony club:
"We face today two tragic paradoxes
first, the unemployed man, who has a
right to work; and, second, the employed
child, who has a right not to work." .
A reporter complimented Halibl Wise
npon this epigram's brilliance.
"Brilliant, or not, it Is true." the rabhl
answered. "It Is particularly true ln the
child's case. The child, poor thing. Is al
ways getting the worst of It. Some legal
and permissible way Is always found to
do him wrong."
Rabbi Wise smiled:
"Ther was a little boy," he sajd, "who
was given underdone, apple pie for his
supper. The Utile boy ate heart'!, of the
pie. It disagreed with him a.-:ri l:i great
pain he roared lustily.
"A viijtor Bald, with a frov.-. hi
f.Ul.M HOME OF W. H. G1LDUUSLEE
city. The several women's clubs are doing
their full part for making the city more
attractive in every respcrt.
Xphmnkft ftormnl School.
By a recent art of the legislature the
property of the Nebraska Normal collge
becomes the property of the stute for use
as a state normal school. The Wayne
Normal has successfully taught more than
fi.000 young men und women during the last
sixteen years. The college is located on
a beautiful campus of ten acres Just north
of the city and three-fourths of a mile
from the depot. Good walks lend from all
parts of the city to ttie buildings. The
college building and the auditorium are
built of brick and nicely finished. Each
building has three floors used for recita
tion purposes. The departments of sci
ence, music and shorthand are conducted
In the college building. The offices, chapel
and other departments of the school are
ln the auditorium. Tho two buildings con
tain thirty recitation rooms, offices, fac
ulty room, cloak rooms and are furnished
throughout with appropriate furniture, ap
paratus, electric lights and hot water heat.
A majority of the young men on the
farms finish their education In the country
schools. They have had but little or no
opportunity for a higher education or to
become acquainted with the science under
lying farm work. These facts have led
this school to organize a year course in
As long as civilization, endures, peoplo
must wear clothes and eat the food of
civilized man, and Just so long will a
market obtain for the products of Wayne
county. Therefore, It may be truthfully
said that their prosperity and welfare are
grounded in the earth and plenty and
content are their heritage.
The pust has dealt kindly with the city;
the present Is all that coujd bo wished,
and the future holds out promises, tho
contemplation of which must fill its people
and friends with Joy, ln anticipation of the
many blessings In store for It. Wayne ha
found Itself , and is here to stay.
Selections from the
" 'He's got no business to yell like that.
If he were my child he would get a good,
" 'He deserves It,' the mother admitted.
'I don't believe though in ' spanking him
on a full stomach.'
" 'Neither do I,' said tho visitor, 'but you
can turn him over.' "New York Times.
A pompous colored woman wheeled Into
the cloak department of a down town
"Can I direct you, madam?" Inquired
one of the managers.
"Yes-sah. Ah wants the gown depaht
ment." "What kind of gowns, madam?" further
inquired the official.
"Why, women's gowns, of co'se," replied
the customer, disgustedly. "Y'all think Ah
warits a gown fo' a man?"
"But, madam," explained the manager,
"you see we have different kinds of gowns.
There are tailor-made gowns, evening
gowns and night gowns.
"No sah," put in the woman, promptly,
"Ah don' want no tallah-made gowns, or
night gowns, or early ln the evenln'
gowns. What Ah wants is Jes1 a plain
gowu to do washln' In. Ah wants a calico
wrapper. Tliat'h what Ah wants." Cleve
land Plain Dealer.
Most Itemurkuble Feature.
When Mr. Taft was in the south a
"cracker" did him some small service,
which was paid for and, like the man, for
gotten. Some time after the president
elect observed a seedy Individual hanging
around the golf links.
"Is there anything you would like?" Mr.
Taft presently asked, good naturedly, hav
ing Just made a wonderful drive.
"Thar .ho is. Ah'd like to see yo' inaug
uration," the cracker announoed, and waa
Instantly frightened almost to death at his
"Well" Mr. Taft replied, smiling; but,
anyway, a Georgia cracker was in Wash
VK NEAR WAVNE.
.i ft, ttt V
L'-f"y' .Sill :j! f
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WATNE COUNTT COUTIT HOUSE.
Story Teller's Pack
ington on March 4. He had neve been ten
miles away from his home cabin before.
"What war the most remarkable thing
'bout the whole shebang. Bud?"
Bud ejected a stream of tobacco Juloe
"Me beln' tiiar," he replied with empha
sis. Harper's. ,
Knock, for the Onllrooni.
Following the statement he made during
his sermon last Sunday that "tock'fy in
this city Is rotten," Rev. J. Frederick
Rake, pastor of the First Baptist church
of Crawfordsville, Ind., in a signed Inter
view says the ball room is responsible for
much that Is deplorable ln society. "Girls
go to the ball room because they like to be
hugged," he declares. "Announce a dunce
for girls only and how many would be
there?" he asks. "The dance is all public
silliness," he continues. "When people are
a failure ln their head they try to develop
their feet. The ball room is silly and
dancing Is simply hugging to music."
Thl. WlilJsr Yon.
London is holding its sides because of a
wonderful new Joke. It's ruther a shame
to tell it to you Sunday morning, when
f your thoughts should be serious, but it's
' too good to keep. The first Englishman
asked the second: "Why is Melba like a
Dutch oyster?" Get ready, now; It', com
ing "Because she is an Australian." Isn't
that the acme of wit? An "oyster alien!"
And people dare to say the English ar.
not humorous. Springfield Republican.
True Story of Hherldan's Hide.
In Harper', for June I. printed the nar
rative of one of Sheridan's scouts ln which
he tell, the true story of Sheridan', fainou.
"I looked across a largo clear field and
aw a black horse at full speed coming
out of the woods, and I said to Campbell,
'There comes the "Old Man" we always
called General Sheridan the "Old
Man" and he said, 'Can't be; he'.
In Washington. I looked again for
a moment, and then aid, 'It', him;
jS' . " '--,.. t
NEW BUILDING OF TUB NEBRASKA NORMAL' COLLECJ WATTa
- i$ K
i ti .
there coma a couple of hi. staff of
ficer, a hundred yard, behind.' Wo stopped,
and General Sheridan cum. up, pulled ln
his horse, and said, "Boys, how it it?
Campbell replied, 'GeneruX it', a rout.'
He threw his eyes quick at me, and Bs.ld:
'Not quite that bad! The Eighth and Nine
teenth are scattered, but the Sixth is solid 1
"A young lieutenant, with a Nineteenth
corps badge on hi. cap, was hurrying by
Sheridan wheeled around to him. 'Lieu
tenant, where Is your command?' 'I don't
know,' the lieutenant shouted, and waa
hurrying on agiUn. 'Damn you, turn back
and find it!' Sheridan yelled, and passed
on. The lieutenant .topped. "Who waa
that scout?' 'That was General Sberldan,'
I said. 'I'll turn back!' he cried.
"It wa. the same all along the road; th.
men were coming back up the valley faster
than they had run down It; ahead of u.
they were running toward th road, and
lining up on either .Ida, and as we rod.
along there waa Juut one great roar of
He told of the ride back to the front,
where tho Sixth corps and remnants of th.
Nineteenth has been sullenly battling
holding off the confederate army all th.
day; of how the ebb-tide that had turned
cam. roaring back to the fight In a flood
of men who could scarce be held back
from the attack until the lines were suf
ficiently reinforced and reformed. And
when he told of Sheridan, bareheaded,
riding Along ln front of his battle line
where it waited the command to advance,
he rose from hi. chair, and his eyes alight
with the old battle fire, he pounded the
desk with hi. flat. "There has been a lot
toid and a lot written of what Sheridan
aid that day, but here is what he did say
the very word.; I was there, I heard, and
these are his very word.. A man, out of
the ranks, called, 'General, where will we
sleep tonight? General' Sheridan stopped
hi. horse and turned; he didn't speak loud,
but In the hush that fell hi. words seemed
to ring: 'We'll sleep In our old camp to
night, or we'll sleep ln hell!' And a mo
ment or two after that he gave the signal
to advance, and the whole line moved out,
cheering like mud. History tell, the rest."
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