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V7"here the Great Dowaerer of
1 1. s- TWO MANCTTU PRINCESSES OF THR ABOUT TUB SAME Ada AS PU TI. (Copyright. 1305, by Frank O. Carpenter.) EKING, China. fSpeclal Corre- P apondence of The Bee.) The I body of the great empress dow ager is sun in Peking. It Ilea In one of the palaces of the Forbidden City, in a coffin of cypress wood almoBt a foot thick, bound with rawhide and covered with lacquer. It will rest there for several weeks yet, and will then be carried to Its final home In the eastern tombs. The preparations for the funeral are now making. Its cost will run Into the millions; and the road to the Imperial cemetery will, figuratively speaking, be paved with gold. nieheat Wo inn a im Asia. The great dowager had luxurious tastes, and was fond of pomp In all of her do Inps. She spent money like water, and used fabulous sums to keep up her pal aces. During the last year of her life she had planned a new home at the summer palace, and had ordered the architects to draw the designs. The buildings were to rost 4,000.000 taela, or about ,000,000, and' the work was to have been begun In 1909. The plans were made, but, owing to the dowager's death, they will not be carried out I am told that her majeaty gave equally elaborate directions as to her mausoleum, and that It Is bitr.g con structed on a magnificent scale. The great empress dowaprer la said to have been the richest woman In AB!a. There Is no queen living who has had such sums at her command. At the time of her sixtieth birthday a hint was sent out to tho various officials that each should give the old lady a present, and tnoney rolled In from all parts of China. Altogether something like $70,000,000 was sent to Peking. This was about the time of the Chinese Japanese war, and some of the money was sppnt to pay tho expenses - that calami tous struvKle. The then bad condition of KA f I. I . . . .iiiiiv.t hij ! gam to nave oeen par tially due to the avarice of the old em press. A the story goes, the government had set aside $15,000,000 for new warships. The old dowager said It was a pity to waste so much money that way, and she took the naval appropriation and built a new palace. The officials remonstrated. They said tha money had been voted for the navy and must be accounted for. xiibi ia euy enougn," replied the great dowager, and she straightwsy had carved on the gate of her new buildings an In scription which read: "These are the pal aces of the navy." Dwin'i Head Saaeeaer. Since the empress dowager died I have heard many stories about her majesty's champion squeezer, the famous eunuch, LI Lien Ting. He was for a long time her body servant, and later, her minister . of finanoe and collector of bribes. He In vested her moneys for her In pawnshops, and In loans at high rates, and at the same time took such a goodly rake-off for himself that he Is now said to be worth tens of millions of dollars. No one outside of China can appreciate Eight Good Dakota Dlataaces. WAS talking with a Dakotan th other day. "Speaking of farms," he said, "we have some sizeable farms out In Dakota. Yes, sir, I've seen a man on one of our big farms siri o-t in th spring and plow a straight futrow till fall. Then he turned around and harvested back." "Wonderful!" said I. "On our Dakota farms," he went on, "It's the usual thing to aend young married couples out to milk the cows. Their children brink back the milk." ' v "Wonderful!" 1 repeated. "Once," be said. "I saw a Dakcta farmer's family prostrated with grief. The women were weeping, the dogs were bark ing, the children were equalling and the tears ran down the farmer's cheeks as he hitched up his twenty-mule team and drove off." "Wher was he going V said I. . "II was going halfway across the farm to feed th pigs." "Did he vr get backT" I asked. "It isn't time for him yet," was the reply. Th Housekeeper. FtrwProof Paper Needed. To the editor of a little Main newspaper there came the other day an Indignant elderly w.imin, who waved a slip of papvr in the editorial face. "Look here!" said she. "What does this mean a bill for the Citizen to my husband that's been dead two years T Ye don't expect his widow to pay debts o' his, contracted long after he's dead?" YU say be baa not been getting th .; ; fi I - f ' v'. ?. i : V- '" ' : ' " , s". - I . - ' 1 V . .... - m III IIIMl ' II 7.13" " 7Vrv - :". ' -V- A. DOWAGER'S COTTRT THE CHILD is THE BABY EMPEROR. the bribery connected with public office. Every official who came to the palace had to pay something to this cobbler's son and even LI Hung Chang was once held up outside the gates for three days be cause he would not submit to his extrav agant demands. I am told that It cost to pay the palace expenses during the life of the dowager something like $30,000,000 a year, and a great deal of this came from such squeezes. When the treasury grew low the dowager aent out collectors, who traveled from official to official over the empire and de manded gifts. One of these collectors waa named Kang-Yt. He was sent on a squeezing tour south, having been ordered to bring back at least 200,000 ounces of sliver. When Kang-Yl visited Shanghai he demanded that the Chinese Merchant Steamship company, then under the con trol of Sheng Kung-Pao, should pay the government $200,000 per year. Sheng com plained that the business would not stand It, and compromised at half the sum. The viceroys of Nanking and Wuchang were heavily bled by ' Kang-Yl, aa were also those of Tientsin and Canton. The squeeslng in the latter place waa probably aided by a brother of LI Hung Chang, who was an official there. He was a frttjiid of the dowager, and he sqeexed so much that the people nicknamed him "The Bottomless Bag." Was She a Demon f One hears all sui ts ,ot stories about the empresa dowager. All acknowledge her ability and say Hhe will rank among the great queens cf all time. There is no question as to her strength of character. Some exalt, her to the skies as an angel of mercy and light, while others say she waa a demon incarnate, and they com pare her private life to that of the Rus sian empress, Catherine the Great. As to her demoniac character, her detractors say she poisoned her husband, the Em peror Hsien Feng, and thereby became ruler in connection with another empress whom he married before her. They sus pect that the death of that empress was caused by the dowager's machinations and plots, who then reigned suprome dur ing the minority of her son, the Emperor Tung Chleh, who Was a baby when chosen. When Tung Chleh had reached the age of 15, at which time he might aspire to rule Independently, he died of smallpox, and there are some malicious enough to say that his mother, the empress dowager, assisted him on the fairy ride to a far country. They allege that he had begun to resist her domination, and that the, smallpox was really an overdose of opium pills. They say also that after his death the suicide of his wife, the empress, who threw herself Into a well, was aaxlsted by this same great woman, and that other crimes of a similar nature may be laid to her charge. Take, for . instance, a story which Is whltpered among the officials here at Peking. It relates to Kwang-Su, the late emperor, and to a favorite concubine of hia whom the great dowager thought was Inciting him to rebel against her. She ordered the eniperor to come before her Short Stories paper?" aald the editor after long thought. "No, ye donderhead!" screamed . the women, "I tell y he's been dead two years." "Strange," mused the editor. "The Post office department has not notified me of his failure to receive them. Quite sure you yourself haven't been enjoying the Inestim able educational values of a persual of my sheet?" That ain't the point." argued the widow. "You've been sending a noospaper and a bill to a man that's dead. It's your affair, not mine." "Well." said the editor finally perceiving that he must be a loser, "In the future, madam, I will cause an extra copy to be printed on asbestos, to Insure that your husband receives his Citizen regularly." Philadelphia Ledger. - Bishop Stayed, Gambler West, The bUhop of a southern diocese was once making a missionary Journey through Arkansas and Indian Territory, and on his arrival at Natchez he said to the landlord of a hotel: "I have been traveling for a week, day and night, In a mall wagon, and I want a comfortable room." "Surry." said the landlord, "but I don't believe there's a vacant room In Natchez; thfre's a horse race, a Methodist confer ence and a political convention In the city, and evtry house Is full up. Tha only thing I aan give you Is a shake-down." Then, ob serving tha bishop's tired face, he added: ' "The best room In my house la rented to a noted gambler who usually remains out all night and seldom gets in before break fast If you will take the risk, you ah all w . V- - -. - --.1-0 ', I . ' - -. . ... " 4 . ' r '.-, I 'r ' . r i, a. ' i, ' - . . V It .4' , A !, ' aSVw,.. " -w ., A ' i ' I. . ... . - ... - " ; t i ; Vi r r '.r"iT ; , ?'-y. a 'V'-i ? .4 tO: " " ill . -- .-r- VT - U and then had hi sweetheart brought In. the emperor captive. Her majesty then de When the two were knotting Rhe charged dared that he was not fit to rule, and made them with treason, ar.d said to the em peror: "I shall now show you how I treat Trait ora." Khe thereupon Rave a alcrnal and her executioner! nelsed the concubine and with ft ailken cord ntranicled her to death before the eye of her Imperial lover. Tho power of the great dowager waa supreme. A word from her could slice oft a head, nnd her followers knew It. They trembled In her presence and dared not resist her. When her majesty lay on her deathbed soma of the grand councilors proposed to raise to the throne another prince than the one she had selected and to mako Prince Chtng repent. Thereupon the great dowager gathered her strength and rose up, saying: "You officials think you can humbug me because I am old. Verily, I think the time for your death has arrived." 3 Poaslbly aa Angel. Such la one view of this great ruler'a character. On the other hand, Miss Carl. who wrote a book giving her experlencea In painting the empress dowager's portrait, says that she was kind and sweet and good. Mrs. Conger, the wife of our former minister, speaks of her aa a scholar and an artist, and there are many who will tell you that the charges of her being an assassin are false and malicious. I know the story about her being a slave girl Is untrue. She came from one of the best of the Manchu families. Her father was Duke Chao, a military man, who was be headed after she had married Emperor Hslen-Fcng. There Is no doubt but that she was true to her friends, and that Pu Yl In now on the throne Is a living evidence of that, trait of her character. The liuiida story of how this baby became eniperor la yet to be told. One of the highest officials gave me the bonea of the matter aa wa chatted tosothcr last night. Said he: "It had its birth In the coup de'etat of 1S3S. Kwang Su, the young emperor, had entered upon his course as an Imperial reformer, and had . planned the put the great empress dowager out of the way. In company with his advisers, Kang Yu Weh and others, he had planned to have her majesty and her most Influential offi cials executed. For this purpose he com manded Yuan Shlh Kal, who then had charge of the only modern army In the empire, consisting of about 5,000 well drilled troops, to come to Peking. Aa Yuan kneeled before him In the palace, the emperor or dered him to march his army to Tientsin ar.d slaughter the General Yung Lu, the great dowager's friend. After that Yuan was to march on to Peking, surround the imperial palace and capture the empress dowager herself. General Yung Lu was the viceroy of Tientsin, and as such was eommander-ln-chltf of the army of which Yuan Shlh Kal was the general. Yuan bowed low as the emperor gave him these orders, and then begged that the command might be put in writing. This the emperor refused, saying that a verbal order from htm was good enough, whereupon the Chi nese general, acceded and left. a- Tmn si, lh atartpd back to hia army, which was near Tientsin, he began to reflect on tha respective ability and forces of the emperor and empress dow ager, and decided In favor of the latter. He went to Oeneral Yung Lu and revealed tho plot. Yung Lu at once took a special train and came to Peking. He drove out at night to the summer palace, where the great dowager was living,' and before daybreak she had raised an army of her eunuchs and servants and sent them to Peking and mads Told of and have his room; but If he should come in there'll be a row, I'll promise you that" The bishop decided to take the risk. About 4 o'clock In the morning the gam bler returned and promptly shook the bishop by the arm, "Get out of here, or I'll put you out," he shouted. The bishop, the gentlest of men. raised himself on one elbow, so that it brought the muscles of his arm into full relief. "My friend," he began quietly, "before you put me out, will you have the kindness to feel my armT" Th gambler put his hand on th bishop's arm. "Stranger," he then said, respectfully, "you can stay." Youth's Companion. How Howe4UHee It. A reporter one asked William Dean Howella why it waa that his novels did not sell nearly as well as those of , and here th reporter mentioned a half dozen well known names," said Samuel Neely of St Louis, at the National hotel last night in telling this story: "Mr. Uowells replied: 'A certain quack stood one afternoon before tue uoui of his rich mansion when a physician of great learning and talent passed. The two men fell Into talk, and the physician, a plain spoken person, said, rather bit terly, to th quack: "'"How comes it that yau, without education, skill, or the least knowledge of medicine, are able to live in the style you dof You keep your town house, your carriag. your motor, and your country TIIE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: OOTOBETt China Lived and THRONE WIIERK HER MAJESTY SAT AND RULED him aend out an edict bejrgiiig her to again take the throne. Ho n then confimd In a butldlnir in the middle of a lake l.is do tha Forbidden city, and he had no more power to the day of hia death." How Pa Yl Became Rnineror. In the meantime, the old ompiotM dow- ager did not forget her good friends Vuan SUlh Kal and Yung Lu. Yuan Shin Kal at once became the most Influential man In the empire, and he remained such until the great dowager died. He has since been disgraced, but he has many friends, and may again come to the front. As to General Yung Lu, the dowager rewarded him by making his daughter em- press, and his grandson the ruler of China, There Is a pretty story In connection with this. According to It dowager said to Yung Lu: "I have Just had a vision In which I have seen your descendants on the Im- perlal throne, and I think the vision la pouna " com" '-nun th brother of the emperor, and the most likely scion of the Imperial line. Now you have a daughter of the right age for max- rlage. We will Join her with Prtnoe Chun, and the first son shall be Kwang Su's successor. Yung Lu gladly acceded. The two were married, and tha baby, Em- peror Pu Yl, waa the fruit of their union, Just before the old dowager died she LATEST PHOTOGRAPH OF by People house, while I, allowed to possess some knowledge, have none of these things and. Indeed, can little more than pick up a bare subsistence," " The quack laughted good-naturedly. " "Look here," quid he. "How many people do you think have passed us since you asked me that question T" Well," said the other, "about 100." " ' "And out of that 100 how many do you think possess good, common sense?" Poaslbly one," was the reply. " "Well," said the quack, "that one comes to you, and I take care of the ninety-nine," ' " Washington Herald. Dr. Hale's Salat. - Dr. Hila and the late Bishop Huntington of New York were fast friends. The Utter has been a Unitarian and his shift caused a sensation. The Episcopalians have saints assigned to the varloua days In the year. When an Episcopal minister writes a letter on any day for which there is a aalnt he alwaya writes the name of the saint at the Uose of the letter Instead of the date. Bishop Huntington learned all these things quickly, and began to practice them at once. The first time he had occasion to write to his old friend Dr. Hale after Joining the church he placed "St Michael's day" after his signature. A reply from the doctor came, and after his name he bad written In a full, round hand, "Wash day." Christian Register. Two of Baraasa's Atraetloas. It la eighteen years since P. T. Barnum, .on of th best known Americans of the 7V x rk .. .' ! V, 7 ,.; ! m lit '"' A r - 'J : ' -"'I 24, 1009. 400,000,000 TEOrLK wrote the edict carrytng out her part of the contract with Yung Lu. and thereby his baby grandson hoa ascended the throne." 5 How the Dowager Died. , The last hours of the great empresa wore full of terrible pain. According to etiquette, the doctors dared not touch her and could not experiment to find out her disease. I am told they watched her on their knees and caw her struggle and fight as death came on. ' The edicts sent out by her gave but little Idea of her Illness. Nevertheless, they are pathetic Here la ono that was published the middle of last November, about two weeks before her death: "From the beginning of autumn our health has been poor. The officials and governors of every province have been or- the empress dered to send us physicians, but their pre scriptions have not availed. Now tha negative and positive elements In us are falling. Wa have aliments external and Internal. ' Our breast ia stopped up, our stomach rebellious, our back and legs painful, our appetite falling. Upon mov- lng our breath falls, and there is coughing and panting. Besides, we have chills and fever. Sleep Is far from our eyea, and the strength of our body Is failllng. Tha viceroys, governor and general are urged to send us physicians, and any who sne- oeed in aiding us will receive special grace. t THBJ GREAT DOWAGER. of Note and last century, passed away, but from time to time pabsing events recall his shrewd, but peculiar, career. One of these was th death last week of "Major" Nutt, one of hi attractions, a person of Intelligence and good character and remarkable only for his diminutive statue. Almost on the same day, relates the Boston Transcript, Joseph Lu casle, an Albino, succumbed to dropsy at the General hospital In Kansas City, Mo. Sixty-one years ago Mr. liarnum heard of an Albino named Lucaste, living In Holland, who had married an Albino wife and had two Albino children. This was unusual, aa the children of Albinos are usually normal. He secured the family when Joseph waa eight years old and his sister a few years younger. They all had a wealth of silken white hair, and the enterprising manager was doubtless satisfied with his venture. But the boy had ambitions beyond tha distinction of being a freak and devoted himself to mastering the violin, which gave him a good livelihood upon the death of his father, and be enjoyed tho acquaintance of most the professional violinists of the west. t The rhleftaUraLlttIe Joke. Thurston, the magician, had many Inter esting experiences during his professional tour of th glub several years ago. He went to all sorts of outlandish places and appeared before rulers of many strange lands and communities. On one occusloiv hka manager had arranged that Thurston should give an exhibition before the ruler of 'a provlnoe called Panga-Paoga In th FIJI islands. In th crowd that saw th Died and v I . Ail c ;i : v- i - . . . . - . . Z, . I - J-. III" " - v S 0 .7 1 Xh:. HER MAJESTY IN A GARDEN WITH EUNUCH. i Tha edict waa aent out and a new corps of doctors brought In. They like wise failed, and other edicts which were published about three days later stated that they were degraded and would work far some time in the future without pay aB a punishment. ' During her last days her majesty lived almost entirely upon woman's milk. Sha had a large corps of wet nurses and went back to the customs of her babyhood for nourishment This is a common prescrip tion for members of the imperial family. Chats About the Great Dowaaer. During my stay in Peking I have had chats with many who knew the great dowager. I remember a conversation with one of her ladles-ln-waltlng, a Chinese girt who speaks excellent English. She represents the empress as having been a bluffer and aa knowing how to ,play off one party or man against another. She waa dictatorial and made her ladles dress as an understudy to herself. She would say along toward evening: , "I intend to wear a red costume on the morrow, and on the day following all the girls must appear in red." The next day the order would be for yellow, or perhaps green, and the court lady who came In wearing tha wrong color waa punished. When In her prima her majesty was rather fine looking. During her last days her face was drawn awry from a stroke of paralysis.' This can be aeen in some of the photographa whioh. I have been able to secure in Peking. Her ma jesty objected to being photographed and . aha would not permit photographers to com into the palace. However, one of the court ladles who had been abroad as teha daughter of the Chinese minister to Paris brought in a camera and made some plo turs. In some way the piatea fell Into the hands of outside photographers, and aoon the Ukonessea of her majesty were sold over Peking. When this waa known the girl wijo owned the camera was dis missed and her family disgraced. Behind Sceace with Dowager. This woman tells me that the dowager was fond of pretty things and that she had great artistic taate. Sha painted pictures herself and wrota Chinese scrolls most beautifully. Sha supported a school for artists and had something like eigh teen scholars in it who worked for her. - As to her penmanship, at an audience' which she gave to Mrs. Conger, Mrs. Miles and other ladlea when Oeneral Miles made his trip around the world she pre sented each of the guests with a scroll of her own making, saying: ' 'Some people charge that I do not write these scrolls myself, but I will show you that I do." Thereupon she called for large pieces of red paper, and with a brush, which she grasped tightly in her whole hand, she made some exquisite Chinese characters. I have seen portfolios con taining scores of her paintings of flowers. Some of these are owned by Dr. George Morrison, the correspondent of tha London Times in Peking. He' majesty's quarters In tha palace Setting Out exhibition were many of th black and yellow slaves of the chlaftaln. Ail th spectators were amazed at th many Strang manifestations of tho black art that Thurston . offered, but no trlok ap pealed -so strongly to the assembled ret inue and to the chieftain aa that In which a white duck was made to appear with a black head and a black duck, after a moment's manipulation, with the bead of the whit duck. Th trick had to be re peated, and then th chieftain engaged in a long whispered conversation with th Interpreter. "What la desired?" queried the obliging trick player. Tha Interpreter coughed apologetically and then responded: "Respected sir, our honored sire wishes you to take two of his slaves and put a yellow bead on a black man and the black head on th body of a yellow servitor. Our hon ored sire thinks It would be very funny." "Tell his royal highness," Thurston replied, "that I oould give a yellow man a black eye, but I would not like to attempt to make his entire head black." Philadelphia Record. Whea II1II Gave Cheek to Mon. On one occasion It Is related that James J. Hill, master of the Great Northern rail road called his son James to him and handed him a check for $1M000. "You have been a good boy and worked hard," said the old man. "How about my brother Louis?" asked James. "He has been as good as I have and worked as hard. Have you another check for him, or shall I spilt this?" Well James Jupiter Hill gave the grand : . - v . ' - ' ;1"73' Will Sleep I'",' V- ...V . ;.- 7 . . X .1 I - . A. 1 I. j. J V ' .-I- 'x V HER MAIDENS AKD THE contained many works of Chinese art, and among them were some which were ex ceedingly valuable. At one of her lunch eons to the ladles of the diplomatic corps a Jade bowl was shown. This was two feet high and nearly three feet In diameter; it was decorated with grapevines cut In the Jade. At the same luncheon was ex hibited another piece of Jade of the shape of a mountain with trees, houses, men, animals and bridges carved upon It. It was five feet high, and more than that thick. When It is remembered that piece of Jade as big as one's thumbnail is worth several dollars, the coat of suob work can be appreciated. The great dowager was fond of children. At one of her luncheon parties Bhe asked the wife of our Chinese secretary, who acted as the Interpreter, to bring her little girls with her. Only one came and the einpreea dowager carried her off to her own bed room and allowed here to play with carv ings of Jade and other precious stones. Upon leaving the little girl waa given a Jade doll baby, which she carried home. Her imperial majesty was fond of fine dressing. She had aa many gowna as Queen Elizabeth of England, and all were of tha most beautiful silks, satins and velvets. She wore much Jewelry and also wigs and other hair decorations of high Mane Ira ladlea Her shoes were a. Manchu style, each having a big heel in tha oenter of the foot, which raised the wearer five or sis Inches. Great Dowager aad Modera Reform During her latter days tha empresa dowager was the soul of the reform move ment. She knew but little of the condition of her people until the Boxer trouble ocourred, when she was forced to flee to a tar-off provlnoe. The Chinese had no opportunity to prepare the way for her, and she saw for the first time the real poverty of her people. During that period she evi dently made up her mind to change thing If ahe ever got back to Peklo. As soon aa she returned she advised the foreign office to that effect. i Before arriving at the capital she sent word that If foreigners would Ilk to sea the return of the court It oould be arranged and thereupon windows were rented along; the line of march. The Quarters of our legation were In a balcony over a silk shop, and those who saw her majesty telii ahe was carried by in a yellow Sedan a1lM and that she waved her hand to our minister as she passed. During that trip the great dowager waa very timid. She was upset by the war and the new Innovations, and was as near real fear as she ever waa in her whole eventful life. A part of th return trip was made on the railroad, when her majesty took her first ride on the cars. When th whlstl of the looomotlv blew she was frightened and ask what was th matter. She v,Va told that tha engineer was merely announc ing a road crossing and that nothing was wrong. She thereupon told the conductor that in the future he must send her word every time before tha whlstl blew, that ah might not be frightened. FItANK O. CARPENTER. Each a Point est exhibition of aerial soaring and oral, bombarding the world ha ever witnessed. He said that James, Jr., waa trying to toll htm how to dispose of his fortune, waa trying to get his money away from him, was ungrateful, dutiful and a good deal of a slob. Iu the middle of the oration Jamee, Jr., shut the door behind him. In cidentally breaking all the glass out of it HUTs private secretary remained aa aa audience. When th old man paused for lack' of breath the secretary insinuated I 'But It's pretty nice to see one brother think so much of another." "That's so," said J. J. Hill, heartily, "James Is a good boy. Make out a new; check for Louis." Why th Uuinlale Lost. A newly appointed Scottish minister, on his first Sunday of office, had reason to complain of the poorness of the collection. "Mon," replied on of the elders, "they are close, very close; but" confidentially- "the aul' mecnlster, he put three or four aaxpeuce Into th plat hlssel', Just to gto them a start Of course, he took the sax pence awa' with him afterward." The new minister tried the same plan, but the next Sunday he again had to re port a dismal allu. The total collection was not only small, but )y was grieved to find that his own sixpences wer miss ing. "Y may be a better preacher than the auld meenlster," exclaimed th elder, "bu'.f uau ukii in Knowledge o the world. n n - .M , i- , , . , . -.. w a.u uvea, in particular, yea nil don what he did an' glued th aaxpencea to the plata" London Glob.