Newspaper Page Text
TTTFj TiEE: OMAHA,. THURSDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1000.
Hi 0JIAI1AS AND Tilt NEW ORDER Indians Opposed to the Consolidation of Agency Superintendents. RED TAPE CAUSES MUCH DELAY Annnymne Dae to Comlrriomr n ala'lon l.lkrlr to lie rnrreaned t aiti-r rian Proponed lr the I llan II arm a. WALTHILt,. Neb.. Dec. 78.-TO the Edi tor f'f Tho lift: I w a short paragraph In t.ip editorial columns of The B e last wrrk In which It wan iald the consolida tion of the Omaha and Winnebago .'r.irlp would expedite, and not hamper, the burinrs of the two agoncles, and that It would add to the progress of the' In diana. 1 write to correct any erfonaoua ImprexBlon that ma have been received, for anyone who know about conditions around here know thin In not so. The at titude of resistance which the Omaha In dian have taken against the recent aotton of the Indian office In comnlnlng the busi ness of the Omaha and Winnebago agencies under one superintendent Is a natural one, growing out 0f the hardships of the conditions Imposed on them by the department, and the position they have taken Is not untenable. We are not fighting a mere chimera we are fighting for the ta.-.ie principle for which the forefathers of this great Ameri can nation fought for and Who considered human lives but a paltry offering when laid down at the shrine of liberty. The Omaha Indians have three valid ob jections to the so-called consolidation of the business of the two agencies under one superintendent. I shall take up each objection First U Is going to materially Increase their hardships In transacting an Immense amount of business with the department, delaying interminably and sometimes ren dering execution of same Impossible. Hecond it removes A. O. Toilock, their present superintendent. In whom they have perfect confidence and who has won their universal respect. Third A Iv. ays Independent, tiny resent greatly the fact that they hav not betn consulted in regard to this plun when they were so deeply concerned. Masia for Complaint. These hardships grew out of the qualifi cations 1 have already spoken of, which restricted the liberty of the Indian to his property rights. For altnough he could vote, the guVernment was to hold his land In trust for twenty-five years and he could not sell It. After a few years the poli ticians felt sorry for tlielr Ted brethren und caused ctngress to pass a law by which the Indltin could sell his heirship lands; the white brother (?) got the land, the Indian office took the money In I trust, the Indiun sot the restrictions. The money that comes from the sale of heirship land Is held in the offico and the Indian can draw $10 a month. He can rent his lands to white men; the" leuses in the majority of cases being made out In the government office, the rents being collected and held through the same and paid out to the Indian twice a year. Here Is where a big mistake was made by the department; The Indian, while under the tutelage of the government should liave In the majority of cases been allowed to lease his own land. It would have given him some responsibility and taught him methods of business and brought blnv, Into better contact with the white peopie. He would Inevitably have profited by the bitter experience with his white brethren and bettered himself and made a big stride in progress. Ihe Indians are scattered all over the reservation and the government office Is located at Macy, nine miles from Walthill twelve from itosalie. twenty-two from Uancroft and Lyons, and thirteen ,fiom Decatur, only a few families live at Macy. When an Indian wants to transact business with the department, It necessitates a drive to Macy, at.ywheie from three to twenty or twenty-five miles, over bad roads usually and In all Uind.i of weather. At the government office he has to wall and wall perhaps for several hours, without food for man or beast; some times after several hours of waiting he has to go home asain disappointed because the superin tendent was too busy to attend to him Perhaps he comes back again and again without accomplishing what he wants to get done and I have had them oome clear out here to Walthill so I could -phone or write for them. H Tape at Agency. There" are several clerks to look after the business: the financial clerk, the leas ing clerk, the stenographer und typewriter the official interpreter who is a bright educated Indian woman, and the authority clerk and the superintendent. When an Indian comes to transact busi ness he .steps Into a little room that can hold but four or five people statndlng up; he speaks through a window to the Interpreter af:d If desirous of making a lease to a whlto renter ho is passed over to the leas ing clerk;, If not, ho speaks through tho authority wlndo to ih authority clerk in charge. He may huvu money from the sale of lnrnl In tu.. otr.c and he wishes to buy, maybe, a buggy, a horse, a new stove, or a blanket sliav.i. The clerk writes to Washington to ask the Indian office that authority be allowed to grant thia request. It may take weeks fur the authority to come back and tho Indian has to come back again and ugain. Sometimes the de partment disapproves and It is not allowed. If allowed, the artloie has to be examined by the superintendent und when the white man delivers the artlcio to the Indian the Indian sign a cl.eck with tho superin tendent signing uh trustee, and then It Is turn d over to Hie white man. The In dian is restrlcud and bound with led tape. We have dt purtinent circulars galore to cover each and eery occasion, and a con llant changing of the rules and regulations of ltie.lvvinnt to fit the ever shifting Lver expeHiuentlria policy of ihe deoart ment. ' We Jiave . mlr-s and regulations to tnu rljht of us, to the lef. of us, bnind us; do ou wonder we object to continu ation of them in front pf us? Hoatlae'far Superintendent. Tne superintendent Is one of the busiest men In tho state of Nebraska. The money under bis care is deposited In five dif ferent bunks. He has to watch carefully and seo that the amounts do not exceed the limits of tho bonds. Every check to an Indiun must be signed by him; every check to a while man he must sun as trustee very application has to b examined; he must listen to the request of every Indian. There must be over S.lduwhtis people living on tin) reservation on land rented from the Indiana.- Bvm) white man who has to do business with an Indian has to see the upTHilefcdent; all school matters are under his care. Just now In addition to all, no is a member of tne competency commis sion. He has to cxamius every lease made in tho office and U supposed to Inspect very piece of land leased to that it brlags a reasonable price; h has to view and appraise every piece of heirship 'land offered for sal. This require the work of an expert, as the bidder must be abov th appraised valu. He ha to look after tho liquor question and see that th liquor laws are enforced;' he ha to rent th un allotted lands for th tribe, baslds listen ing to all complaints and giving advice to the Indians. The clerks are busy all the tlm, but have no discretionary power, everything ha to be referred to the superintendent and he has not enough discretionary power. For Instance an old Indian drove sixteen miles to ask If I would write to the super intendent that he wanted to buy a wheel barrow and a new stove out of his money In the office. Two or three weeks later he drove another sixteen miles to ask me re sults. The superintendent wrote that he had written to- the authorities at Wash ington to ask that the request be granted. Three weeks later the Indian drove hre to Walthill, sixteen miles, for further In formation, the authority had not yet ar rived. Latest reports have not arrived up to date. An Indian had to be operated on for appendicitis one fall. Authority t take him to a hospital was telegraphed for to the Department and arrived the next May. I could cite more ridiculous Instances. Itrason for Restriction. Why these restrictions? At the begia- nlng of the trust period of twenty-five years, they were found necessary to protect the Indian from his whit brother. Later on the politician at election time told the Indian, now he had all the rights of the white man, he could drink all the whisky he wanted to. It did not take any more argument to convince the Indian than It does the white men. There were eighteen years of blackness on the reservation a a result, but now for the last three years the Omaha Indians have made a most eom mendable record In temperance and the majority of them are climbing steadily up ward where they will soon be beyond the restrictions and red tape. A new order la being enforced by the department. An Indian can trade at a cer tain store to be designated by himself to a certain amount; the superintendent In spects the bill and If the department ap proves the number and size of prunes bought and the color of the bananas, the government pays the bill out of the In dian' money in the office. Shades of our ancestors! This Is a distinct step back ward even from what you knew for you could trade your furs yourself for what you wanted. However loyal to our government, oh Nebraska, would you stand itt Delay In the Department. The Omahas have a trust fund from the sale of some reservation land, each share amounting to 2M. In signing the applica tion blank, the Indian had to secure the signatures of two witnesses a to his com petency. At some expense and great delay, half of the Omahas secured their shares; the. other balf had their apllcatlons re turned from Washington to be passed on by tho competency commission. When the will be paid ia not known, not for months probably, In the meanwhile the sick have begged me to write and get this money for them, because they needed it for necessi ties, nourishment, medicines, etc ' I have watched them dies without It. The money that should have been and 1 morally and legally their share Is turned back to the tribe and the heirs have to stand the funeral expenses. One young woman who had tuberculosis asked for. her share it was badly needed; the superintendent asked to have It made "special." An order from the department came back saying she should sign blanks to have the money de posited In a bank under the care of the superintendent. He wrote back that she needed the money for Immediate necessi ties. They replied by sending a new form of blank to be signed by. the applicant. In the meantime the applicant died and was buried leaving her poo.' old mother to bear the expense of sickness and funeral. Omaha Object to Plan. The Omahas want a whole live superin tendent. The one they have' now is busy all the time and can't fulfill all the de mands made upon him. They know it will be far worse when they have one Super intendent for both tribes. , . The white people on both reservation are wondering what has come over the depart ment to meditate such a plan distances are too great roads are usually bad the weather cannot bo depended upon besides the Immense bulk of business to be trans acted at bolh agencies, and tho clerk have no discretionary power, and In order to have it must give high bonds. s The year 1910 I a year of crisis for the Omahas. We who are deeply Interested wished to make the new hard road to be traveled as easy as possible, for some are going to stumble and fall by the wayside. Instead, tho department Is going to make It as herd as possible. The Omahas have paid a high tribute to A. Q. Pollock. For the first time in the history of tho tribe they were all harmon ized on one thing. Factional fights were stopped, old feuds were forgotten. They were unanimous In their desire that he be retained. They have expressed their per fect confidence in him. They told him they had found the man they were looking for, and they wished him to lead them out of their troubles. Resentment la Deep. However much good the department may want to do the Omahas they have been put into an antagonistic attitude. Those of us whd are working for their welfare de plore and regret this. Their resentment Is well founded; the majority of the Omahas are as competent as the same number of white people. They nre Independent and self-reliant, and their wishes have always been respected by past administrations this Is new treatment. The Wlnnebagoes and the Omaiias are very different, and the department will find It has made a big mistake if It thinks It can govern both tribes alike. You can never push an Omaha down or pass a thing over Ills head,- .ie will light on his feet facing you. The Omahas have made fine use of their money. Almost every quarter sect'on of land has a good home on it. They have good horses, good barns and Improvements and machinery to work with. Mean More Complications. Those of us who aio in a position to know realize that the same policy cannot govern both, and if.it does It will be a policy that Is detrimental to the Omahas. On account of their antagonistic attitude towurd the department they are not very appreciative of model farms Just now. Tou yourselves know that among the white people an Interest and love for scientific f aiming has to be cultivated. The Omalia" Ii'Olars have told the deportment that they will cut loose from department restrictions and hav no agent If Mr. Pollock 1 not retained aa their separate agent. I cannot believe that the assistant com mit fioner's American Ingenuity, and a N braskan at, that, rould not have settled this question by deferring to the wishes of the Omaha and yet give us a model farm. The end Is not yet, for the Omahas re In a position to make good. A for myself, I shall willingly and gladly co-operate with the Indian department In anything that Is for the welfare of the trite, but I shall always fight good and hard against the department or any one Is against anything that 1 to the tribe' detriment, even If I hav to fight alone, for before my God I owe my people a re sponsibility. SUSAN LA FLESCHE PICOTTE. M. D. I.lttlo Tim" l.eavea o Will. NEW YORK. Dec. M.-"Llttl Tim" Sul livan, alderman and Bowery political leader, who died recently, left an slats valued at approximately ifl0,u00. according to the tlniate of his friends, but con tinued search has failed to reveal aiy will During his Ill-health several months ago, "I.lttl Tim" started to maa a will, but never aigued 1L Council Bluffs M. L CROSIER GETS PLACE Superintendent of Avoca Schools Sncceeds Prof. Jackson. SALARY WILL STAY THE SAME Irof. Thomns of If lach School and I.. J. Neff Candidates to Sapr viae Coanty Schools Mr. Jsekton I, ram Soon. Prof. M. E. Crosier, superintendent of the putlle schools at Avoca, will succeed E. R Jackson as superintendent of the schools of Pottawattamie county. The appointment will be made today by the Board of Su pervisors. Supervisor Leta announced yes terday that Prof. Crosier had consented to attept tho appointment and will assume the duties of the position on or before January 10, at which time Mr. Jackson will letve for Washington to assume a position In the United States Forestry department. Prof. Crosier' wife. It Is understood will act as his secretary. The salary of Prof. Crosier will be the same as that received by Mr. Jackson, 11,600 a year. Prof. 3. L. Thomas of the faculty of the Council Bluff High school and L. J. Neff. an attorney of Walnut were candidate for the position. Yesterday there was filed with the county auditor for presentation to the board a petition from residents of Walnut and vicinity asking the appoint ment of Mr. Neff. Th Pottawattamie supervisor met In session with the supervisors of Harrison county aa a Joint drainage board. Routine matters In connection with the Joint drainage system formed the business of the meeting. On recommendation of Seth Dean, the engineer In charge, the Sternberg con tract for the Boyer subdlstrlot wa ex tended to February 2, 1010, to which date the Joint drainage board adjourned. Mrs. Dora Asmus Drinks Deadly Acid Wife of Laborer, Tired of Life, and Takes Poison to End It Not ' in Poverty. Mrs. Dora Asmus, aged 63 year, wife of William Asmus, a laborer employed by the Ur.lon Pacific Railroad comnanv. llvinv n t 2222 South Thirteenth street, Council Bluffs, committed suicide Tuesday by drinking two ounce of carbolic acid. Mr. Asmus drank the acid at the home of a neighbor, Mrs. Neis Nelson, at whose house she had stayed over night. Domestic trouble 1 said to have been responsible for the woman taking her own life. Mr. and Mr. Asmus have lived in Coun cil Bluff for many years. Both have worked hard and being frugal have suc ceeded In accumulating considerable prop erty, owning the home in which they lived and several other cottagea In that neighbor hood. They had no children and tho only surviving relatives of the dead woman are an uncle, D. Seeman of this city, and two. cousins, Mrs. W. R. Gooch of 3717 North Twenty-second street, Omaha, and Mrs. Roy Staeth of 1022 Avenue R. thi. city. Mrs. Asmus was in the kitchen nf th Nelson home when she drank the poison, which she had concealed In her clothing. She staggered out of the kitchen door into the yard and fell in the snow at the rear of the house. She was carried Into her own home, two doors distant and Dr. Earl liellinger summoned. This was shortly be fore 8 o'clock and death ended her suffer ing at shortly before 11 o'clock. l-'r. V. L. Treynor, the coroner, was nbtifUd. and on his lnstrurtlnn tho hnrtv was removed to Cutler's undertaking estabilshemnt. After Investigating- the cass Dr. Treynor decided that an inquest would be unnecessary a the death -was plainly suicidal. Late Monday nltht Mrs. A Mmn urAnt to the Nelson home and told Mrs. Nelson, "I am tired of all this," referring, It Is said, to trouble between herself and her husband. She refused to return to her own home and remained at the Nelson home all night. She arose ear'.y yesterdiy morning and took breakfast with the Nelson family. Shortly after breakfast Mrs. Asmus went Into tne kitchen where Mrs. Nelson was. Draw ing the .bottle of carbolic acid from her pocket she swallowed its contents saying. mis will end my troubles." Pushing past Mrs. Nelson, she staggered through the kitchen door In the vard whrA sb a dropped. Although practically unconscious irom tne moment she dropped, Mrs. Asmus lingered 'until 10:50 o'clock. S PICKER MAN IS OUT AT LAST Governor Carroll' Christmas Com mutation Slow of Delivery. Governor Carroll In suspending the sen tence of Andy Spickerman the former sa loonkeeper, who was committed to the county Jail on October 27, In default of payment of a fine of ICO0 for contempt of court by violating an Injunction restrain ing him from the Illegal sale of liquor, in fended that Spickerman should eat hi Christmas dinner at home instead of be hind the bars, but something went wrong, spickerman did not secure his release un til yesterday. The suspension was signed by Governor Carroll to take effect December 24. It was mailed to John Llndt of this city, attorney for Spickerman and reached here Christ mas morning. Failing to find Attorney Llndt at his offico the carrier referred to the city directory, which gave Llndt's resi dence as at the Goodrich hotel. The mis sive wa presented to the e) rk at the hotel who receipted for It tut railed to tell tho carrier that Lindt had nut lived there for over a year. On Sunday Llndt reud In the newspapers the pies dispatch from Des Moines an nouncing that the governor had suspended Spickerman' sentence and he started to Investigate. He succeeded In locating the missing document yesterday morning, filed It with the clerk of the district court and Spickerman was released. The suspen sion of the sentence however, does not relieve Spickerman from the payment of th fine. FOR MEDICAL AMD FAMILT USK BUY YOUR LIQUORS AT ROdKNFKLD LIQUOR CO., 519 B. MAIN. 'PHONEe Zm. Marriage License. License to wed were Issued yesterday to the following: Name and rea.denc. Age. Perry W. Rathburn, Omaha 23 Ctia A. butterfleld, Des Melnsa tl P. J. Gundersen, Council Bluff 21 Katie Vulovich, Council Bluff u Charlaa K. Tobin, Omaha u Lillian Murray, Boston, Mass It N. T. Plumbing Co. Tel. 260. Night. L-1702, Like Nloba. full of tear; Ilk Puck, full af laughter. "Th Fatal Wedding," Star thaatar Thursday night. LEFFERTS JaTWELRY ator. nw lo cation, ttt Broadway, Some Things You Want to Know The Holy Land When Doctor Theodor Hersl published his book, "The Jewish State" he Inf amed the Jewish mind all over the world with a spirit of nationalism which It had not known since the destruction of Jerusalem. The Zionist .congress which met at Basle In 197 was the first International and world-wide convocation of Jews since the dispersion. That nineteen centuries have not prevailed against the peculiar separ ation of this people, that living In small numbers among many peoples and races has not brought about assimilation, goes to prove the existence of a Jewish national ity although It has no political status or territorial possessions. According to the definition of Dr. Herxl, Zionism strives to create for th persecuted Jews a home In Palestine. Not all Jews In America are agreed as to the wisdom of the Zionistlc program. The Jew hav never been united In thought, and at the present time In America Zionism means more as a partisan Issue among the Jews than it does as an actual movement toward the restoration of th Promised Land to the Chosen People. The Zionists, who are mostly of the orthodox branch of the Jew ish faith, cling closely to the doctrines of Moses Hess and the preachments of Herd, while denouncing what thoy call th "as simllators." Zionism has become In fact. In the United States, a movement against assimilation with the Gentiles. Three times a day the devout orthodox Jew pray to his God: "Sound the great trumpet for our freedom, lift up the ban ner to collect our exiles, and gather us speedily together from the four corners of the earth to our own land." To the vat majority this prayer la but a part of the ritual of dally worship and means nothing approaching an -actual desire to return to Palestine or to participate In the establish ment of the Jewish state. In fact, the Jew ish nation, as a political entity, exists only In the Imagination of the Zionist leader. But already the movement ha begun to reclaim the Holy Land from It barren thrlftlessness by the settlement ot Jewish colonies In th country. Most of these col onies have been set up !nce the beginning of the Zlon movement In 1897, while several antedate the Congress of Basle. Wherever one of these colonies exists there Is a green and fertile oasis in the desert of Palestine. Few American Jews have seen fit to de sert the opportunities of the western hemi sphere for a return to their Asiatic an cestral home. Most of the colonies ar made up of Jews from Russia, Roumanla and other European countries In which the Jew have been subjected to persecution. There are now seventy modern Jewish cplonles In Palestine, most of rhem en gaged in agricultural pursuits. Th Zion ists have established a college in Jerusa lem which devotes much attention 10 in dustrial training and to agricultural sci ence. There is also a modern Jewish hos pital In Jerusalem, and a gymnasium and school In Jaffa.1 The blue and white flag bearing the shield of'Davld, the flag of the Jewish nation, Is now displayed In many parts of Palestine. Grants have been ob tained from the Turkish government giving the Jew the right to purchase land and guaranteeing thern protection. The Influ ence of the nations of western Europe sup ports these colonle. One of the oldest and most Drosnerou of these modern Jewish establishments 1 the colony of Samarln, or Slchron Yaaeob. This wa the first colony of Roumanian Jews to find refuge In Palestine, and was established fn, lb-a.; It is devoted princi pally to orange growing and wine making. Last spring a company of American tour ists, unable to rand at Jaffa because of the stormy weather, was carried on to Haifa. ' It was necessary to take a two day, wagon trip across the country to Jaffa' in order to reach Jerusalem. Wagon were provided at Haifa, but there was no driver who oould speak English, and not one of the Americans knew anything but English. The drivers spok Arabic, Ger man, Fronch and Turkish, but that was of no help to th Yankees. The hotel pro prietor at Haifa told the Americans that they would stop at about 6 o'clock in the afternoon at the Jewish colony of Sam arln, where they could obtain accommoda tions for tho night. He explained to th Ignorant Americans that there would be no one in the colony who could speak En glish, but expressed a hope that the sign language would ! ufflce to procure satis faction for the ; actual physical want of the travelers. After ten hours' driving over the fields, for there were no roads, th wagon reached a stretch of well macadamized Council Bluffs Minor Mention Th Oonnoll Bluff OfXlo of th Omaha Be 1 at IB Moott Itr!. Both Thone 43. Davis, drugs. Diamond playing the best vaudeville. eORIUGANS, undertakers. 'Phone 148. r'or rent, modern house, 726 6th avenu. FAUST BEER AT ROGERS' BUFFET. NIGHT SCHOOL at Puryear' college. Majerttlo ranges, P. C. DeVol Hdw. Co. Woodrlng Undertaking company. Tel. 339. Lewis Cutler, funeral director. 'Phone 87. Bslrd St Boland, undertakers. 'Phone 121 Expert piano tuning, Hospe. 'Phone Mi When you want rellabl want ad adver tising, uso The Bae. Calendars and art novelties for New Year's gift. Alexander's, 333 Bros d way. Up-to-date Ark Department and Picture Framing, Horwick, 2l South Main street. G O. Balrd, former county auditor. I seriously 111 at the Edmuudson Menioi.aJ hospital with typhoid fever. County Treasurer J. W. Mitchell yester day presented each of the five members ot ihe Hoard of Supervisor with a $10 gold piece. The gifts weire pot intended aa cash donations, as the gold pieces are fixed up as watch charms. The members of tho degree team and all officers and meiabers of John Huns castle No. 141 are requested to meet In South Omaha not later than 8 o'clock this even Ing to meet with Dunnoon castle In Old Follows' hall. A lame class of candidates is to be initiated and a good attendance la desired from John Huss cattle. Council Bluffs tent No. 32, Knight of the Maccabees, will give Its annual i.'hrlst mas entertainment Thursday evening nt Maccabee hall for the children of the sir I. nights and Lady Maccabees. Sinta Clans will distribute fruits, nuts and candy. CMIdren wishing to take part In the exer cises will please notify the commander at the hall. The funeral of the late Mrs. Sarah C. Ward will be held this afternoon at 3:20 o'clock from the residence of her daughter, Mr. George M. Gould. 24S North Second fctreet. and Interment will, be in Falrvlew cemetery. Rev. J. M. William, pastor of the Broadway Methodist church, will con duct the services. Friends are Invited to attend the services at the church, but th burial will be private. J. A. Whltbeck. who is 84 years old and lives alone In a small shanty at 8117 South Tenth street, ha, like Mark Twain, a fond ness for smoking In bed. His expeiieno resterdaj morning may, however, break Im from th habit. When Whltbeck awoke yesterday morning about 4 o'clock h con eluded to have a smoke. In lighting hts pip he st fir to the bed clothes and th flumna Ignited th tar paper which covered but shack. Fir company No. I wa called A Modern Zion. highway which betokened the fact that they had arrived within the limits of the colony. The road wound up the mountain side to the clean village which Is the cen ter of the colony. The wagon stopped In front of a build ing which displayed the sign "Hotel Graf." The travelers were wondering how thev would ask for dinner In the sign language when suddenly the door of the hotel opened and gave forth a hustling little man who shouted: "Welcome to our city. I know you are from America and I will feed you right. Get right out and go In the parlor. You will find the Ni-w York papers In there. I take the Joln.il. I think William Randolph Hoist Is tho green est man In America slncu George Washing ton." The suprprlsed and delighted travelers Instantly knew that they were at home with a product of the melting pot of the east side of New York. Mr. Graf, for he wa the proprietor of the hotel, explained that he had left Roumanla for New York at the time his father Joined the colony which cams to Palestine. His father died and left the hotel and other property, which Mr. Graf of Now York came to Palestine to manage. He took great pride in showing the American about the col ony, but he constantly interrupted him self by asking question about New York and expressing the hope that Mr. Hearst might yet be president of the United State. It wa evident that this particular col onlst greatly preferred Lorber' restaurant and the Thalia theater on the east side to the Plain of Sharon, the promised land, the Talmud and the Torah. But not so the majority of the thousand souls who made up the colony. For here they have found peace and plenty Instead of perse cution and poverty. The government of the colony Is an absolute democracy of the form of th old-time New England town meeting, with Just the same flavor of the ocracy. Th synagogue and th school epitomize the purposes and ambitions of the people. In the one the old men are constantly at prayer for the coming of the Messiah and the restoration of the kingdom of the Jews. In the other the children are being taught to read and write and calculate, after the fashion of mod ern children In modern schools, with the strange distinction that the only language used 1 Hebrew. Not Roumanian, not French, not that strange Jargon known a Yiddish, but the Hebrew of the pure clas sics, the Hebrew of the Talmud and the Rabbinical books of the law. The street are well paved, lighted by gas, there is a waterworks system, and many more evidences of twentieth century civilisation than one would expect to find. The hospital, the gift of Baron Rothschild, not only provides for the members of the colony, but extends it ministrations to the Arabs, Syrians and Bedouins of the neighborhood. The stores and shops look like those of a small rural village in Amer ica, and if it were not for the queer dress of the old men and the earlocka which proclaim the eastern Jew, It would be dif ficult for one to realize that he I stand ing under the shadow of the flag of the shield of David. In this colony the principal Income is derived from the vineyards. The wine produced la owned by tne community in common, and the colony' publlo expendi ture ar made from th proceeds of th sal of the wine. Th remainder 1 divided among th heads of families. The wine presses and vats are sheltered by a huge building which resembles an American fac tory building. Underneath thi ar the largest wine cellars In Asia. Mr. Graf showed the American party t.. rough Its dark and cavernous corridors, proudly pro claiming that there was nothing like it in America and thriftily explaining that thi wine could be had in New York or Chi cago under the label "Samarlan Society." The Americana enjoyed the visit to the colony, not only because It afforded the opportunity to see the working of a prac tical experiment In Zionism, but also be cause It was the most prosperous place they saw In all Palestine. Here the people were well-fed, well-clothed, clean and con tented. It Is only' In the Zionist colonies and In the German colonies that one finds such conditions In Palestine. And yet Mr. Graf was living proof that to the average Jew the United State of America, and not Palestine, Is Zlon. By rBEDEBIOX J. KABXXH. Tomorrow IKS HOLY LAUD. X. Crusaders' Oastl. and the blaze was quickly extinguished, but not before the shanty was badly dam aged. Constable Baker went to Missouri Valley last evening to bring back Earl Fouts, who Is under arrest there. Fouts Is charged with the theft of a large quantity of brass from the warehouse of the David Bradley company on South Main street Most of the stolen brass was recovered at two local Junk shops. Fouts was employed by the David Bradley company, but disappeared when the theft of the brass was discovered. Real Estate Transfer. These transfers were reported to The Bee December 28 by the Pottawattamie County Abstract company of Council Bluffs: Mary R. Hotchklss, slnslo, to Wal lace J. Hotchklss, undivided H of n se4 of section 2 and se4 se4 2-75-S8, w. d $3,900 Isaac Doner and wife to Margaret E. Stephens, lots 2 and 3 in block 3 and part of lot 4 In block 3, Treynor, w. d. 2,000 L. Sheets and wife to G. W. Berk hlmer A Co., part of lot 14 and ell-ft. of lot 15 In block 3, In the town of Carson, w. d 4,500 Total three transfers $10,400 Search for John B. Sonlt. C. R. Soults of Seattle, Wash., Is seeking to locate his brother, John B. Soults, who has been missing for fifteen years. For several years the two brothers owned and ' published the Evening Leader of Menominee, ! Mich. About fifteen years ago John Soults left Detroit and his family has not heard from or of him since. Recently C, R. Scults heard that his brother was seen In Candies.CocoaS Chocolates Ar acknowledged in best tha world over. Only th klgbast grade of material, Usted by ar caaatlat, ar allowed to ntr into th sam, and th blending; ia. uparvkMd by expert. What With careful workmansblp, a r1l a crapaloD cleanliness la ar Plant. It not surprising that fler First Choice, Her Last Choice, And Her Choicest aJl times ia the Unequalled r .Zn SS "w 1 up 'll, isanHMsssnsnasnniHsH Council muffs about two years ao am! that he worked In a railroad lunch counter and .was wmII known among railroad men. On the chance that his brother Is still liv ing here Mr. Smtlts has written to the au thorities, ask In them to locate the missing man If possible. The city directory does not contain the name of John U. Boults. m ri.n I'l I1I.U LY m it it i i n MU Mnrrny of Boston and Charles Tohin Wed Ilrforr Yeomen. Mis Lillian Murray of Boston, Alas.-"., and Charles H. Tobin wore the bride and bride groom at the public wedding, which formed the principal feature of the public mretlim jand entertainment of Ivanhoe homestead. Brotherhood of American Yeomen last i e ve ning in Maccabee hall. lU-v. John Kroonemeyer, pastor of Bethany Presoy 'terian church, officiated In the prenco I of about 3(H) mt'tnhcrs und guests of the nomestead. The couple were attended by Miss Lulu Kennedy and t'nii Kennedy or this city us bridesmaid and bet man. Tho hemestead presented Mr and Mrs. Tobin after the Ceremony with a cash present and a $1,000 policy carh In the order. Congressman , alter I. Smith presided at the festivities and JudRe II. W. litkln of Sioux City, national lecturer of the order, delivered the principal address. At the close of the program tho floor was cleared for dancing and refreshments were served. IOE3 AND ROB 1 SE BAD NAMF.S Motorntan Listen, File Complaint and Men Are In Jail. "John Doe" and "Richard Roe," em ploye of the Omaha Van and Storage com pany, were yesterday sent by Justice Cooper to the county Jail for three and two days, respectively, for using profane EVERY pound of OLD GOLDEN COFFEE is chosen from "Old Crop Stocks," sufficiently aged to develop the rich mellow flavor and fragrant aroma. Our experts lest dozens of samples each sample is roasted and "drawn" to test the comparative cup qualities and only the best of the lot are chosen. These are then blended, roasted and acain Tested to insure absolute uniformity in exquisite TONE BROS., Des mtttler of In tmmamm AT gig FIRST-CLASS BARS, CLUBS AND CAFES. BOTTLED IN BOND -100 PROOF. Always Ask For It. CLARKE BROS. & CO., DISTILLERS. PEORIA, ILL. Through the Cincinnati Gateway to FLORIDA Start right arrive right and see something en route Through Pullman Sleeping Cars to Chattanooga, Atlanta, Macon and Jacksonville daily Leave Chicago 0:08 P. M. ' Q Big Four Route in connection with Quen & Crescent and Southern Railways Winter Tourist Ticket Cbotca of Rout Up aaraiamt snail aiMitieaal fan. nKS a ( am war aa4 ratara aaatlur mU. Thi laekia lb rat rim W.lnt, D. C. Ticket and sleeping; car acoommodatlon will b auvra upon request By spcoiai roprsniiiT will luroisn any information aira. J S. WILLEBRANDS, Geo. Aft 1334 Tarnam Btrt, Omaha, Nb. TRACKAGE PROPERTY We offer for rent the building located at 914 Far'unra street, which is a one 6tory and basement building. Dimensions are 20x8G, approximately 3,300 sq. ft. An addition to alley could be built to suit tenant. This is in the wholesale district, being convenient to car line. For further particulars call Ths Bee Building Co Phonaa Soaslaa 838) Xndpadat A-la. sngungo toward w. e. Anm. a motor nun In ili. employ of the Oniaha 4 Coun cil Bluffs Street Railway company. The men were unloading a piano nt thu auditorium of St. Francis" academy on Fifth avenue Monday afternnon when Adams passed on tho rear platform of J motrr. The nun. It Is charged, rallJJ Ailam.1 "scabby" ar d Cunpled the tltl. with nu::ierous adjective which th law" iks must not bo F;okrn In public on the streets. Adair.i stopml nt the court liou-e and filed sn Information and Constahlo l:akcr placed the two men under arrest, and as they were unable to give bail they spent Monday nlKht In Jail. Both refused to give their rlcht names and wer en- J tercd on Jailer Hill's register at the county bastlle as "John Doe" and "Richard Rn," Don't miss "Tho Fatal Wedding." Star theater Thursday night. Ki.hscrlpions taken for the Saturday Evening Post and ladles' Homo Journal. It. P. Mullls, 15 Scott St. ' AGED DOCTOR FALLS DEAD BESIDE DYING PATIENT Physician Called to Attend Girl Who Knot Herself In Victim of A popleay. WILLOW SPRINGS. Mo.. Dec. .-Mla Johnny Preston, 17 year old, shot heraclf through the head tonight because she had Incurred some small debts at a store. Dr. Abraham Mullinix, 72 years old, was called to attend her. Just after he told her par ents she was fatally wounded, he laid, "I'm going, too," and fell dead across tha bed from apoplexy. I i Chamberlain's Liniment has an enviable reputation as a cure for rheumatism. by Taste OLD GOLDEN , COFFEE i quality, body, flavor and aroma. It is such care in selection, blending, roasting, and packing in air-tight packages that makes possible the rare bouquet, the tlavor, the mellow richness of 1 ulu uuLJJtN COFFEE. And every pound is exactly like every other pound. Bay and try a pound to-day 25 tnt at Grocer Moines, Iowa. Tom Br ALL it, I.. ., Pass. Tl., Soar. 878. 17th and Farnam SI sa. ilptcss. i