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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 20, 1910, Image 1

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The ' Omaha " Daily
Bee.
THE OMAHA BEE
a clean, reliable newspaper that la
admitted to er.ch and every homo
WEATHER FORECAST
For N'i'brnskn Showers mid coKlor.
For town showors nnd colder.
For weather report see pane 2.
VOL. XX XIX NO. -jss.
OMAHA, Fill DAY MOKNIXU, MAY L1!), 1U10 TWELVE PA(1ES.
SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS.
SNAPPY ADDRESS
ON PAYNE TARIFF
i
Congressman Hamilton of Michigan
Delivers Speech to Hou3e Brist
ling with Aphorisms.
G overnor Would
Limit the Number
of State Banks
OMAHA SHIPPERS
The Spring Tonic
COMET PUZZLING
TO ASTRONOMERS
Halley's Visitor Appears in Eastern
Heavens When Expected in
Western Sky.
INTO RATE EIGHT
IT TASTES
REAL NICE !
JUST LIKE.
CANDY.
Concerns Here Wait Opening in
the Coming Railroad
Conflict.
Makes Address to Bankers in Which
Says Heart Action of Finan:ial
Nebraska is Too Strong.
MTANN MAKING INVESTIGATION
DOCTRINE OF SIMPLE LIFE
Wolverine Say-BjVt Protector of
Nation's ;.
BLOW AT CHE' UTICIAN
Says T$e Sings Diffe s in
Various Farts of . .
V.
v
V
NINE MONTHS OF
PRO
. . V'
Kffeet of the Paine Kill on Hevenuea
and Hnaluraa In Htvlrwfd Simple
, Life is the Ualmrli of
Civilisation.
WASHINGTON", May 19.-A tariff
speech, snappy with epigram, bristling
with aphorisms, preaching the doctrine of
Iht simple llf" an the huwark of civiliza
tion and Jiotectlou us the producer of
prosperity, was delivered In tho house
today 'by Ui piti-t'iitatlve Hamilton of Mich
igan. It pictured nine months of Inert as
Ing revenues and encouragement of Amer
ican Industry under the Payne bill. It
drew on the legitimate spoils of trade and
the policies and declarations of foreign
Ktatecraft us the Justification of the pro
tection pulley. It attributed the hlKh cost
of living to Increased gold production, to
demund crowding Kupply, to extruvagance
of a feverish generation and to almost
everything else but tho tariff.
Mr. Hamilton In chairman of the terri
tories committee of the hous? and his
speech In likely to figure conspicuously In
' the next republican national campaign
propaganda. He favored the creation of a
bureau In tho Department of Commerce
and Labor to permanently carry on the
work now being done by the tariff board,
supplementing It with' a corps of foreign
speaking experts, tho reports of whose In
vestigations of selling prices and labor
costs at home and abroad would furnish
a standard of measure of conflicting claims
In the fiamlng of a turlff law."
He contended that the tariff plank In the
republican platform provided both upward
and downward limits and that "by - so
much a you raise duties above the dif
ference In the cost of production at home
end abroad, after due allowance for the
foreign custom of selling goods cheaper
abroad than at home, by so much you per
mit domestic monopolies to overcharge do
mestic consumers.
"A few years ngo," suld Mr. Hamilton,
"boys wore out their fathers' old clothes
made over according to a neighborhood
pattern; now they have to ha.ve store
clothes and sock to match their neck
ties and a eollegek HolL.-f X 'antw. con
sidered Well off If he kept s. horse and
buggy; flow he has to have an automobile.
If he has to mortgage the place to get It.
The average business man don business
with a telephone at one ear. a stenogra
pher at each elbow, a telegraph office next
door, a wireless station within rasy reach,
an, automobile at the door and before many
years he will want a flying machine to
avoid tho crush In tho streets below.
"We now have t!UO,000 factories, employ
ing 6.000,000 people, keeping time to the de
mands Of 1)0,000,000 folks. The protection
policy has built up an annual factory out
put of S13,OM,0CO.O0,' paying out 1:1,000.000.000
In "wage and ha kept the machinery of
protection In mo'.ifn until It has developed
a horsepower equivalent to 90,000.000 men.
The country never was more proserous.
Fanner Cornea Into Ilia Own.
"Tho farmer has been caricatured by
cheap city humorists, preyed on by grass
hoppers, locusts and money sharks, and
misled by predatory politicians. Now he
ha come Into his own and I am glad of
It. He Is one of the safest, soundest,
cleanest elements in our civilization. The
city would have dried up, rotted or ex
ploded but for the country that came
Into town day before yesterday. Too
much of the country has been coming Into
town, though. The farmer Is receiving
only a fair price, but tho middlemen are
eharglng too much for handling and trying
J attribute the responsibility to tho
farmer. The time has gone by, however,
when thrifty gentlen en can take toll of
the farmer and out of the consumer and
fool both at the same time."
. Mr Hamilton charged the cheaD Doll-
tlclan with singing one song In the city
and another of a different tune In the
country. He deserlled the situation as
filled with contradictions, everybody bick
ering to locate the blame for high prices.
"Bills, resolutions. Investigations, commis
sions, boycotts, antl-nieat societies, anti
egg societies, anti-food trust and vege
tarian organisations are rampant and In,
the midst of It the democratic gentlemen,
after time-honored custom, are diligently
trying to convert discontent Into votes.
"We are getting further away fem the
old fundamental human relations that sus
tain and console folks. We are always go
ing somewhere and going very fast and
generally go our ways separately, although
we jostle one another on the sidewalk
It Is an age of steam euginlsm. We run
the machine and the machine runs us. The
talk on the street today becomes the law
tomorrow. Politics means parties, parties
the people and parties have to have lead
ers and chief priests and Bcrlbes and
Pharisees and camp followers. This Is the
goldm age of the spotlight, opera bouffe,
whirling dervish form of politician, who
leads for awhile, but the true leader must
build success on fundamental right."
Discussing the unscrupulous dealers and
the segregation of food supplies, Mr. Ham
llton declared the cold storage system made
It possible, if not customary, for the froien
remains of an anctwtor to remain In cold
t suspense until Its progeny had grown to
middle age and then for them to meet In
rrlrased reunion on some bill of fare, both
V strictly fresh. The unmaternal Incu
bator had become the mother of the
chicken.
"There shall not grow up among us,
concluded Mr. Hamilton, "a privileged
class above the law. This government sh
wisely control men and associations of men,
The government shall not fail of Us mis
sion among men."
Sentence of Port -Three Years.
or. 'l . ii.. imam ljuave was
found guilty in tin. federal court hr. ...
day of robbing mall sacks after holding
uty a tin- iitu i uiencoe, Mo.,
T.iitiuvr ituuienitM lo serve
, l rtU.V 'years In the penitentiary.
' eoi-t libeling, alio confessed to partiel
T latlng In the- robbery was the principal
witness f' the government.
HASTINGS, May la. (Special Telegram.)
Governor Siiallrnlx rger last night pre
scribe a new preventive of financial1
panics. In an address before Group Four
of the bankers, he diagnosed the bank sit
uation of the state atid found the heait
action too strong. The system had been
growing too fast and was Hearing the
danger line. The prescription was simple
merely putting a limit on the number of
banks that may operate In the state.
Tho governor spoke nt the banquet
which came as the closing event of the
group convention and his address was In
marked contrast with his speech on a simi
lar occasion a year ago. when he pleaded
Willi all the earnestness and emphasis at
his command against the effort to "nullify-'
the deposit guaranty law. His sub
ject was "Our State," and It gavo him
wide latitude to discuss the greatness, of
Nebraska and at tho same time to speak
on questions of personal Interest to the
bankers. He deplored the suspension. -f
the guaranty act by decision of tho. federal,
court and insisted that something must be
dono to overcome the legal obstacles In
the way of Insuring deposits.
"Just how this must be done I do not
know," he said, "whether by law, the
arrangement of some system of Insur
ance among yourselves or by perfecting
a plan of bank inspection."
The la named method bank inspection
was also a new feature In the governor's
treatment of the situation, for In his ad
dress here a year 'ago, deposit guaranty
was held up as the only means of ac
complishing results desired.
The governor's recommendation to limit
tin number 'of bunks In the state was
prompted by the address of J. W. Welp
ton of Ogalalla, president of the Ne
braska Hankers' association, who declared
In an address, "Our State Association,"
that there are some WO banks in Ne
braska and -only about 1,200 in Iowa.
In the ratio of population, If we have
the right number of banks In Nebraska,
Iowa ought to have 3,000 banks, said the
governor.
I understand that the number or banks
b limited in two or three states and I
believe we ought to have a resincuuu ui
tho same kind in Nebraska. It may be
said that this, can not be legally done, but
believe it can. Probably tho persons
now engaged in me usumus
would object to reducing the number of
banks, but I don't suppose they would
object to a law prohibiting tne organis
lion of additional banks i
v
People Stand in
Rain All Night to
See King's Body
Last Day of Lying in State Brings
Repetition of Wednesday s
Scenes.
LONDON, May 19. The last day of the
lying In state of the body of King Edward
brought a repetition of yesterday's scenes
on an even larger scale. The resolute band
of 1,000 or more persons, mostly women,
who had braved the storm throughout the
night was Increased to a score of thous
ands before the sun rose above the roof
tops and by noon the crowd awaiting ad
mission to, Westminster hall stretched for
miles to tne wesiwaiu ui mo nuu
Parliament ,
. 1 . . . 1. tJ.,.aA nt
Because of the enormous number of per
sons who were sure to be disappointed last
night. It had been planned to keep the doors
open juntll last midnight, instead of closing
them at 10 o'clock as was the original In
tention. This plan, however,' was frus
trated by the action of those nearest the
entrance, who became unruly and fairly
rushed the building.
To avoid a panic tho doors were hastily
closed and the police reserves summoned
to assist In restoring order. It was an hour
before this was accomplished. Soon after
wards rain fell heavily and all but about
1.000 persons returned to their homes.
WINDSOR, England. May 19. The lawn
adjoining St. George's chapel, a few yards
from the tomb where the body of King Ed
ward will be sepulchered tomorrow pre
sented today the appearance of a huge
flower shop, so great was the wealth of
wreaths received from all parts of the
world. Truck loads of floral offerings ar
rived at the castle throughout the day.
The tribute of President Taft was a
wreath of palm leaves and orchids en
twined with an American flag of silk. Mr.
Roosevelt sent a wreath of white orchids.
Dor Dies of Heart Failure.
COWLEY. Wyo., May 19. (Speelal.)
Alvin, the 15-year-old son of Byron Ses
sions, leader of the Mormon colony here,
died suddenly of heart failure yesterday.
The boy was assisting his father in re
pairing a wagon when he was seen to
stand erect, reel and fall face downward
on tha ground. dead.
Boy to Be Held in Jail '
Until He is of Legal Age
"It's a gay life," remarked Captain
Dunn, as he cast his eyes over a strapping
young prisoner brought before him Thurs
day morning.
"What am I arrested for, captain?"
queried the strapping young prisoner.
"Why, your mamma wants you, son,"
said Captain Dunn.
"Huh," ejaculated the strapping young
prisoner.
The captain's charge was Benjamin
Henry, whose home' la in Slurgls, III.
Young Heury announced he was 10 years
old, but would be 21 the fourteenth of next
month.
"Uen, you're what they call a minor
child." said the captain. "You ought not
be running around the country so far from
home. You'll get lost."
"1 ain't going home," announced the
trapping young prisoner.
"Now, Ben, be a good boy," purred the
Commercial Club'i Traffic Man at
Meeting in Chicago.
TARIFF ON GRAIN IS BOOSTED
Shipments from Local Market Two
Cents More a Hundred.
ALL TRUNK LINES INVOLVED
Tnenty-Klve Honda Put lit .Schedule
Jane 1 Increase (iooila that
Are Just .ow .Moat In
Demand.
Hostilities In the rate fight between the
railroads and the shippers, precipitated by
tho announcement of the Increased tariffs
to be placed In effect June 1, will be cen
tered in Omaha, so far as the western
country Is involved. Omaha shippers have
nor ret formed their battle line and ag
gressive steps are not likely to be taken
befoie the meeting to be held here on
May 25i
Announced schedules when put In effect
are. In tha opinion of Omaha shippers, cer
tain to have an Influence on western com
merce beyond tlxo immediate increase In
tho cost of shipment of goods.
E. J. McVann, head of the Commercial
club's traffic bureau, who is now In Chi
cago, was yesterday In communication
with Omaha grain dealers and Jobbers. Mr.
McVann is In attendance at the meeting of
shippers being held there now. He Is tak
ing a close survey of the field with a view
to determining the conditions that ere to
arise In Omaha's territory- and the steps
which must be taken to meet them.
In view of the arbitrary raise of two
cents a hundred on all grain shipments out
of Omaha regardless of distance or desti
nation, the grain men are vitally concerned
In the controversy which Is now brewing.
The fact that this raise is to be made
on June 1, at the same time that the cither
general Increases are due, has been a nat
ter of general discussion on the Omaha
grain exchange for several weeks.
Outcome A et In Doubt.
Mr. McVann In his message to Omaha
men has not yet expressed an opinion In
regard to tho probable outcome of the con
ferences which are being held In Chicago.
"If ail shipping points are raised alike It
will not be of serious import to the grain
dealers themselves," said N. P. Updike,
president of the Updike Grain company.
"If on the other hand the raise does not
have a widely general application It will
fherltaW'result Ift'a dlscrtjnlnarton. Re
gardless of that aspect of the matter this
much Is certain, when the raise comes the
consumer will either pay more, or tho
producer will get less."
All of the. trunk lines controlling the
traffic between Omuha, CTiilcago, St.
Louis, Kansas City, St. Paul, Milwaukee,
Memphis and Intermediate points are em
braced in tho advance.
Including the great trunk lines tho
Northwestern, Milwaukee, ltock Island,
Burlington, Atchison, Alton, St. Paul,
Minneapolis & Omaha, Illinois Central,
Minneapolis & St. Louis, Missouri, Kansas
& Texas; Missouri Pacific and the Wabash,
there are twenty-five roads connected with
the great Inqrease ki transportation tariffs.
The construction of the new tariff has
been carried out obviously with a watchful
eye for those commodities from which
there Is usually a great demand at this
time of the year. Thus, the Increase in
rates can be depended upon to bring a
very direct and Immediate Increase in reve
nue. Rate experts In Washington have made
calculations on a number of the schedules
and have thus far found that none of the
Increases amount to more than 20 per cent
of the old rate.
Possible Rlac In Prleea.
In view of the uncertainty of the action
to be taken by the commercial bodies of the
west the Omaha Jobbers are reticent about
a discussion of the subject. They, however,
make the admission that the Increases In
freight tariffs can not but be followed by
a rise In the prices of commodities.
Coal rates are slated for an increase of
7 per cent of the old rate on shipments
from the Illinois and Indiana fields.
The eastern lines are to make similar
raises In rates, and In states where legisla
tion does not prevent, lucerases will be
made In passenger rates as well. The rail
roads are standing on the general conten
tion that the Increase of revenues is neces
sary to meet the incerased wages paid to
employes."i
The answer to this contention will con
stitute the principal argument of the pro
tests which the shippers propose to tile
with the Interstate Commerce commission.
They will maintain that the growing reve
nues of tha roads as shown by reports of
operation under the present rates Is ample
and sufficient to meet the cost of operation.
The railroads are in a race against time
to get their rates Into effect before th i
passage of legislation which will Increase
the power of the Interstate Commerce com
mission Injunction against new schedules.
captain. "Your mamma has been sendnlng
me all kinds of telegrams begging me to
send you back. It would be awful if some
thing happened to you."
"Cut that out," snapped the strapping
young prisoner. "I'm bigger than you are."
"Well, If you Just won't be good, I'll have
to keep you till you are of age," remarked
Captain Dunn.,
In that fashion the police official turned
Ben Henry over to the Jail turnkey. The
captain then telegraphed to the anxious
mother in titurgls asking for further orders
concerning her offaprlng.
"If she doesn't come for htm and he won't
go back," the captain announced, "I'll sure
hold him till he Is a full-fledged man."
Henry was arrested at the Paxton hotel,
where he was stopping with another man
with whom ha had worked In Goldfleld and
with whom he Intending traveling into Mis
souri on a boarding camp scheme. The
youth was well suppllad with money.
From the Chicago Post.
ASKS LAWLEtt ABOUT CLAVIS
Attempt to Show that Attorney Has
Grudge Against Former Clerk.
CALL FOR PAPERS IS REFUSED
Committee Declines .to Enter Into a
Collateral Investlsrat Ion Perkins'
Letters Are Not Read at
Hearing;.
WASHINGTON, May 1.-Asslstant At
torney General Oscarl.Lawler admitted un
der cross-examlnatlotf bjr-Attorney Bran
dels in the BallinKBr-Jlncho Investigation
today that three years ago L. R.' Qlavls
cast reflections on his ability to conduct
the prosecution of the coal land fraud cases,
while he was United States attorney for the
southern district of California. He said It
had then been demonstrated that Glavls
was untruthful.
Mr. Brandeis was plainly endeavoring to
show that Lawler entertained an old grudge
against Glavls whlcn unfitted him for the
preparation of a Judicial finding for the
president on the charges made by Glavls
against Secretary Balllnger.
Lawler said the Department of Justice
had made an Investigation vindicating him
and he proceeded with tho conduct of the
cases.
"And the persons I prosecuted were con
victed," added Lawler, sharply. I
At that time Glavls was chief of field
division with headquarters at Oakland, Cal.
Call for More Papers.
Attorney Brandeis tried unsuccessfully to
induce the committee to request the pro
duction of all the papers in the case. He
urged that It was important for the oom
mlttee to know whether Secretary Bal
llngor at the time he took Lawler to Bev
erly with him to assist the president In
reaching a conclusion regarding the Glavls
charges knew of the grudge of Lawler
against Glavls.
It appeared to be the sense of the ma
jority of the committee that to comply with
the attorney's request would necessislate
entering on a collateral investigation.
There was no repetition this morning of the
exciting scene of Tuesday afternoon when
Lawler accused Brandeis of deliberate
falsehood. Mr. Lawler was curt In some
of his answers to Brandeis, but no serious
dashes occurred. The lawyer questioned
the witness about the nature of the mem
orandum which he prepared at the presi
dent's request, "as if he were president."
Mr. Lawler admitted that he considered
the task Imposed on him as quasl-Judlclal,
"in a sense," but did not think the fact
that he considered Balllnger and his Im
mediate associates honest and Glavls dis
honest, disqualified him from rendering a
Just opinion.
Letter from Perkins.
Chairman Nelson announced at the open
ing of the session that tha committee had
decided not to make public the letters be
tween Mr. Balllnger and George Perkins
of New York, which had ten furnished In
response to Mr. Brandeis' .'equeBt.
He explained that thy relited only to the
naming of two glaclvrs and a fiord in
Alaska.
Brandeis asked that further search be
made for two letters addressed by Per
kins to Balllnger, which he had reason to
believe existed. He said he was particu
larly anxious to obtain a letter of June 19,
1909, In response to which Balllnger ex
pressed regret that his son would be unable
to accompany Perkins on his trip to
Alaska during the summer.
ROOT STARTS FOR EUROPE
cw Yorker Spends Hour at the
White House Before Leaving;
Waahlngton.
WASHINGTON, May 19 Senator Root,
who left Washington today preparatory to
sailing for Europe on Saturday, spent an
hour with President Taft at tha White
House today. The senator goes abroad as
one of the American commissioners In the
New Foundiand fisheries dispute at The
Hague, and In all probability will meet
Colonel Roosevelt.
. Hill to l.lmlt Hire INewa.
ALBANY, N. Y., May 19. The senate to
day pased the bill prohibiting the publi
cation of betting odds and the bill relative
to keeping betting and gaming establish
ments. The bills are two of a series of four
designed to prohibit book-making. They
now go to the assembly rules committee.
WATCH
PAPA TAKE
SOME; PAPA
UKES IT.
W orld's Sunday
School Workers
in Convention
Three Thousand Delegates were Wel
comed to the United States Last
Night by President Taft.
WASHINGTON, May 19. More than S.000
delegates from the United States and
Canada and 600 from other countries are
In Washington to attend the sixth World's
Sunday School convention, which began to
day. .' .
Al the opening session of the convention,
planned to be the greatest gathering for
the Christianizing of humanity that the
world ever has seen. Bishop Cranston of
the Methodist Episcopal church of Wash
ington delivered the Invocation and read
from the scriptures. This was followed
at 3 o'clock this afternoon by the first
sermon of the convention, ellvered by Rev.
F. B. Meyer of England, president of the
World's Sunday School convention.
For a week the convention will be the
center of Interest In the city, possibly over
shadowing the congress of the United
States. Official duties will be laid aside
in honor of the occasion. President Taft
delivered the principal address at the
great welcome service tonight. A member
of the supreme court. Justice Harlan, Is
at the head of a list of distinguished men
assisting the local committee in arranging
for the convention, while among his as
sociates are. Secretary Wilson, Secretary
Nagle and Secretary Meyer from the
cabinet; Senators Beverldge, Dolliver and
Overman and Representatives Payne,
Foelker, NelBon, Lloyd, Candler and Cas
sldy from congress. Probably the most
spectacular meeting of the week will be a
praise service on the east steps of the
capltol, on the spot where presidents re
ceive the oath of offico and where the
hymns may be heard by the lawmakers
and the law Interpreters In the capltol.
Posse Fights-
Safe Blowers
Four Men Who Attempted to Rob
Bank in Oklahoma Escape
After Pistol Battle.'
WAPANUCKA, Okl.. May 19.-Aftcr an
unsuccessful attempt to loot the Peoples
National bank here early today, four rob
bers engaged in a running fight with a
posse of citizens, wounding one of their pur
suers and escaped on a handcar.
A posse Is now In pursuit and It Is be
lieved the desperadoes will be captured.
The robbers wrecked the vault of the
bank .with dynamite and the explosion
aroused the citizens, who engaged In a
pistol battle with the four men as they
ran towards the railroad station. By dodg
ing behind buildings the fugitives escaped
the bullets of their pursuers and, boarding
a handcar, started towards Coalgate.
About all that is
required to sell a
useless thing about
the home is to in
vest 20 cents in a
Bee Want Ad.
It generally does thevork.
If you can't come down town
to the office call Douglas 23S
and describe the article. A
cheerful staff will write the ad
for you and see that it gets
proper cl a ssi f ica t i on .
Everybody
Heads
Beo Wuut Ads.
ORATORS GATHER FOR MEET
Seven Selected from Ten States in
Annual Competition.
CREIGHTON UNIVERSITY HOST
Vlaltora Are Bring Entertained by
Crelnhton Studenta Doalneaa
Meeting: Thla Afternoon
Competition Is Keen.
Demosthenes and Cicero will have rivals
tonight at the Brandeis theater, when the
speakers. of,, the Interstate Orntortrl asso
ciation take the platform to contest for
honors. The association represents ten
states of the union and orators from seven
states will speak tonight.
Thirty-eight years ago delegates from
various educational Institutions, In Illinois,
Indiana and Michigan got together and con
ceived the Idea of holding a Joint meet
ing, at which their best speaker would be
present to compete With his neighbors in
tho other states In the organization. The
meeting was a success, and It was decided
to perpetuate the affair by annual gather
ings. An association Was formed called the
Interstate Oratorical association and since
that time the organization has grown until
at present there are ten states which com
pete every year for honors.
The states which belong to the associa
tion are: Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Min
nesota, Ohio, Nebraska, Iowa, Wisconsin,
Missouri and KansHi. As tho number of
states desiring to Join the central organiza
tion grew In numbers It was decided that
the number of speakers In the annual con
test should be limited to seven, necessita
ting the elimination of three states each
year from the contest.
The man who Is selected to represent his
state Is chosen because he has won In In
tercollegiate contests and has been Judged
the best oratoticslly In the colleges of the
state. Each of the ten winners are re
quired - to prepare an original address,
which Is submitted to a board of Judges.
This board is the same as that which sits
at the annual contest and It eliminates tho
three representatives of their respective
states, who show the least degree of perfec
tion in thought and composition. Those
dropped this year were Minnesota, Illinois
and Missouri.
Much Depends on Delivery,
When the weeding out process has been
Completed the speakers are told to prepare
for delivery, and the man who makes the
most creditable showing tonight will be
declared the winner In the annual interstate
contest. ,
For the first time since belonging to the
association Creighto.i university has been
honored by being made the entertainers
and elaborate preparations have been made
to have the affair a great success. Tickets
have been on sale at Beaton's drug store
and are now being sold at tho Brandeis
theater box office, and it is expected the
seating capacity of the house will be taxed
to its utmost. ,
Francis Matthews of Crelghton university,
who won first place In the Nebraska Inter
collegiate contest, will represent the state.
His subject will bo "The Sands of Time."
Mr. Matthews was born In Albion and at
tended the public schools of his native
town, lie was graduated from the Albion
High school, and attended Okolona college,
In Okolona, Miss. He Is a member of the
senior class in the regular college course
of Crelghton university, and has made
quite a reputation locally for his ability on
the platform. (
Mayor Dahlman has caused the arch of
welcome to be lighted In honor of the as
sociation, and many of the speakers and
delegates are already In the city, where
they are being entertained by the Crelgh
ton boys, under the direction of Howard
Farrel, L B. Day and Gerald F. Harring
ton, the regularly Appointed entertainment
committee. Accompanying the speakers are
three delegates from each state, who will
hold a business session this afternoon at 2
o'clock at the Loyal hotel, the headquarters
of the association during the stay in
Omaha.
tutu It I ite' for Ylnltora,
This at Tnoiin the visitors and speakers
will be given an auto ride over the city, In
order that they may be Inspired with the
grandeur of Omaha. Saturday afternoon,
after tho contest Is finished and all care Is
lifted from the minds of the speakers, they
will bo banqueted, together with the dele-
(Contlnued on Second Page.)
FACTS DISPUTE ALL THEORIES
Earth May Not Pass Through Tail of
Traveler During Present Visit.
PHENOMENON CURVED OUTWARD
Bend in Tail Probably Prevents Col
lision with Terrestrial Sphere.
TO TAKE MORE OBSERVATIONS
Iteappriiriineo of It : 1 1 of Fire In
WcM ll;irliiM, l'.;rly Mailt Honrs
lluj l.lif Better Oppor
tunity. WILLIAMS HAY, Wis.. May IB. Shatter
ing all scientific calculations and com
pletely puzzling astronomers, the glowing
tall of Halley's comet appeared In the east
ern sky today at a time when the world's
.1
comet luithoiitles had agreed It would bo
In the west. Such eminent astronomers an
Prof. S. A. Mitchell of Columbia universi
ties, New York; Prof. Edwin U. Frost,
head of the Ycrkes observatory staffs and
Prof. Edward Barnard of the University
of Chicago all agree that the light they
saw In the east was the comet's tall. Nu
adequate explanation, however, Is forth
coming. Prof. Mitchell, Prof. Frost ond Trof.
Barnard say that any of the following
three explanations may be right.
First The curvature ot the comet's tall
first discovered and noted by Prof. Bar
nard on Tuesday night may have developed
to a wholly unexpected degree, while tho
head of the comet has passed the earth on
schedule. '
Second Like Borelll's comet of l'.WJ
Halley's comet may have ceased its tall
making activity, cutting off the glowing
fan that la now puzzling tne scientists.
Third It is possible that all calculations
are wrong and thai the comet has nut yet
passed the earth. ,
Facta Greater Than Theories.
As nearly as could be computed the
period of the appearance of the comet's
tall In the east extended from 10:30 o'clock
Wednesday night to 3:30 this morning. It
was still plainly visible at a time when
the astronomers were confident the earth
would have passed completely through the
tall. After leaving his teloseope at day
break, Prof. Frost issued the following
statement:
"Greater than all the theories and all
thecomputat)!ons ore the facts.. And the
fact is that the tall of HalleyVcomet has
been appearing in the east In practically the
same position as It appeared yesterday
morning. There Is rlo question about that.
The tall which glowed from the horizon
close to the milky way from before mid
night until dawn has not yet passed across
the earth. That is a certainty. In ad
dition, it Is also Cfrtain that there is no
material diminution In the else of this
tall as compared with the tall of the day
before.
"Wo are confident that the calculations
for the passage of the head of the comet
between the sun and the earth are corrrect.
Unquestioned astronomical authorities,
working Independently of each other in all
parts of the world, arrived at these calcu
lations which have been corrected In de
tail ever since the comet passed Venus on
May 2.
"We are also confident that the head
of the comet made the transit as per
schedule. But the mystery of the appear
ance of tho tall In the east this morning
is the great puzzle. It can hot be ex
plained satisfactorily at thla time."
Ilea Moines Seea It la Kaat.
DES MOINES, la.. May '19. Professor
D. W. Morehouse, head of the astronomical
department of Drake university, was as
tounded when he discovered the tall of
Halley's comet in the east at 2:45 this
morning. For a half hour he and hU
classes discussed the unlooked-for sight.
Professor Morehouse was also surprised
because the tall tapered to a point Instead
of assuming the fan shape as heretofore.
It Is Professor Morehouse's theory that
the earth may have passed through a por
tion of the tall and doubts whether the
earth will strike the main appendage be
cause of the curvature which heretofore
ho had not thought existed.
Carved Away from l:nrth.
PRINCETON, N. J.. May 19,-Tho earth
did not plunge through the tall of Halley a
comet at the time scheduled by astrono
mers, according to Prof. Henry Norris
Russell of Princeton and Zaccheus Daniel,
tho discoverer of three comets, but was
Beveral hours late In making the Journey.
This failure of the comet to be on time,
they said today, was due td tho fact that
the tall had developed a pronounced curve
and it was long after sunup In this section
of the country before tho passage of tho
earth through the comet's appendage.
Prof. Russell at 2:45 a. m. noticed a dis
tinct streak of light In the east that re
sembled the milky way. He then camo
to the conclusion that the earth had not
passed through the comet's tall, berauso
the tail was curved away from us and that
the sun would be well above the horizon
when the passage was made. At that time,
he said, the head of the comet had passed
the disc ot the sun and was well on the
other side of the Bun. Shortly after 3 a. m.
the light In the east disappeared and prof.
Russell said It was possible for the Inhab
itants of Hawaii and possibly the astrono
mers at Lick observatory In California to
detect In tho darkness the passagu of the
earth through the tall.
I'rot. Russell added that the reason why
most astronomers had not beoa able .o
tell that the tail was curved was becauso
they Had been looking at the tall edge,
wise,
Mr. Daniel said today that he also no
ticed the light In the east shortly beforu
3 a. m. and also suggested that tho earth
had not passed through . the tall of tho
comet because of the curvature of tho up
pendugu. Ho believes tho passage would
make the curve more pronounced.
The time at which the earth tnado thu
passage, he ald. Could not bo oscei tauicd
at Princeton because the urch of the rui vo
was not known there.
Mr. Daniel explained that It was not un
usual fur comet 'alls to be curved and culn-d
attention to tha fact that tha comet of
January, ll10, had a distinct curved tad.
s

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