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THE -BEE: OMAHA. MONDAY. FEBRUARY CO. 1911.
h XAUTO HORNS HAVE CHANGED r. r' x Old Style Was a Mild Request to Look Out. A LATEST ROAR DISCORDANTLY flrat . . e tli-i il Horn mrf (him frnt l'riic'i ami a Kollitnril by lh.i;iUrlc Ilill mill e lr-n. i L .4 poa Tlio f'St rjI" kfnHl hum used to mur mur. "l1fnsi 1i. u out!" In mellow, munlcal lorca. . .The nut roar dim ordantly or bray holuoly. Their warning is far-flung, convincing, and ya:, R plainer than shouted won!: i'nr cinnliiit! Out of the way!" The signal horn ciilii.'.liy has advanced step by Hli wltp tin' building of cam. Without dcvl es of Ilio jr'"i nt sort, attto tnchiilim would not hin prop! cRi'tl 4i"ar1y n rapidly. For the car In rauld motion needs Its wainlni; nounl f;ir ahead of It. With B'wli a Minimi a part of the machine. atitomoti'llnii Ims now attained a measure of safety tlmf could hie "tn reached In no i t.hr way Tho f(. fI flcnal came from France anil w m u yf.b horn The first French machine th.-u vere ' brought to America were viii'l""d with rt. 1 he reed horn was effi the. tiecause It developed too little wrr. .It coulij not he heard at any (treat distance, ami to" build It no a to produce any great Sound would, have hern Imprac ticably Yet this was the chief horn until JiiKt three years ago, when tho efforts of Inventor.! brean to make the new type possible. Once these commenced to Bet on the market., they quickly attracted the attention of alV cxiert and progressive drivers of earn. Along with the ojd feed horn It la old by comparison now. though but three year away-came the electric bell and the shafl cl riven siren. These elicnaN had precisely the same faults as their contemporary they had not nenrly enough power and no distinct raucous sound. Much scientific study and Investigation has been put Into making Just the proper sort of warning sounds. The first problem was to Invent a tiolse that should be sud m ' 111! """at - I 141(0) ?r" - T 'J,'.,.,. , ZL, T7 ' tg!svVilij;t nd should mean to every Then mechanism had to be devised to make that noise carry a lonK way. Then a third factor appeared for the successful signal horn It must b simple and easy of operation and unfail ing The man or woman driving a car at hlKh speed has plenty to do without bother ing with a horn. The really valuable horn must he so handy to manage that'lt works very nearly automatically. The csr must almost emit the noise of Its own effort i as a welcoming doa; barks loudly whlla on Ihe run. Willi the constant Improvement and de velopment of the motor ear and 4ts ac cessories In every conceivable direction. It was a ccrtalnt) that Ideal signal horns would sooner or later come. How well they have cnnie and how fully they answer the nerds of tha automoblllst this country standing well In the lead In their manu factureIs told In an anectote of which I'arls l the scene. One of the American horns had been perfected and a foreign sale was wanted for It. The manufacturers had an ag.'nt In the French capital, and. they sent a preliminary supply over to him. The agent made his way to an establishment fpninus for Its stock of high priced accessories. There happened to h In that shop at that moment a count and countess widely knoun in the automoblllng world. The dealer himself was not very approachable and looked coldly on the American product. Hut the French couple, who had plenty of time Just then, were curious, fomethlng about the new device attracted them. "'Let's hear It." they said. To their minds, here was' a chance for an Interest ing diversion. I'nwllllngly the denier brought out an eight-volt battery what the agent snld he wanted and the new horn was connected on. It Is an American product knowrl and heard In every part of Hurope where a motor car runs now. Then it was an untried experiment. It sounded. The noise was so sudden, so piercing, so thoroughly automohlle-llke It could have been mistaken for nothing else than a signal horn that the countess dropped Into a chair unable to say a word. The count seemed half terrified I and utterly astounded. Then he com- menced to realize the possibilities of the curious metallic cry that was like noth ing else under the iun. "I must have It now!" he cried. "Quick! How much Is ItT" Fully half a. dosen signal horns have been Invented the last three years, each with Its own peculiar warning cry and me chanism, each having Ita own enthusiasts. There is scarcely one of these that will not make Itself felt at least three-quarters of a mile away over all the other noise of city streets and through bends In roads and thick woodland.- Tower of this kind Is essential In an automobile horn. Ita warning must reach the ear of every one who may possibly be In the way long be fore the car arrives or la even in sight, and ita sound must not only be distinctive, but half terrifying. The sound of the signal horn, experts In Its manufacture agree, be short, sharp and harsh. Ita tone must not ba musi cal, because musical tonea lull and soothe. It has to alarm and get tha man or woman who heara It "back to earth" Instantly. So the automobile signal horn, aa It has been perfected today, la very much Irj tha same category aa tha short, sharp blasts of a locomotive whistle. Thla la on tha theory that an automobile Is practically a locomotive, though on a highway with many other classes of trafflo. The high way It travels over to make tha situation mora difficult haa no 'flagmen, no gates, no precautions against accident. Nothing remains to warn tha caralesa pedestrian against disaster but a signal that ahajl be ao powerful that no one can possibly miss hearing It. Early Conditions in Automobile World Contrasted With Those of Today AUTOS WILL NOT BE CHEAPER M. afaetwrera Prefer t Improve Their rr4aets aa I phold Prlres. Tars. j The speed of a mile In three minutes, was considered fairly g md. Plx and twelve-horsepower was consld-' ered enough. Mixing valves were used instead of car burefers. and they h.d a tendency to drip constantly The weather affected this de vice considerably. In cold weather It was sometimes necessary to heat the mlrer and tie rags around It to get It to work.' The radiator consisted of a copier tank, placed In the side of the body, with holes running lenthwlse for the air to pass through and cool the water. A fifteen-mile run was sufficient to overheat the amount of water generally carried. Chain drive was the only form. flartlng handles were frequently carried loose and were almost as frequently lost. The engines were started from the aide of the car Instead of the front. , Automatic inlet valves were the rule, and they often stuck. The ' "hit-and-miss" method of low-tension Ignition was employed. Quite a good name: It would "miss" about as often aa It would "hit." The battery apace was an important one. as It meant a large area. Tillers and steering handles, both In the center and on the aide, were used for steering. Noise and rattle wea characteristic. In fact. It was not necessary to have horns and bells. People knew you were coming long before you arrived. The noise of Ihe transmission , alone could be heard for blocks. Every machine fought shy of all hills. . The speed of one mile In seconds Is the record. Almost any car can frisks forty miles per hour. Twenty to thirty horsepower is regards as desirable for quiet running and a tood avers ge apeed. Now the float-feed carbureter la used, which does not overflow or drip, and is considered more efficient In gnsoline con sumption.. It Ik quite automatic and not affected by the weather. The honey-combed radiator Is placed in i front of the car and two buckets of water ! will suffice to run a car for ftftv miles or more. The direct or bevel drive has almost com pletely replaced the chain drive. Wa are now quite accustomed to the appears oe of a starting handle carried In front of the car. All valves are now cam-actuated, ao that the period of opening is. constant. Me chanically operated valves eliminate the difficulty of sticking. The high tension and particularly tha magneto have not only brought a simplic ity and certainty In the firing, but very little apace la required. Wheel steering Is now used with excep tion of a few slow-speed electric machines. Quiet running Is a leading feature; tha four and slx-cyllnder cars run practically silent. Transmission gearing la now cut with mathematical accuracy. Nearly every doctor owns automobiles now and very few have horses at all. The livery stables are fast going out of busi ness. It is easy for modern cars to climb all hills. Some drivers spend the evenmg looking for hills which they cannot climb, but do not find any. A few weehs wn a canvass was made among Detroit manufacturers with the Idea of getting expert opinions as to the future course of automobile prices. Amine, some fifteen or twenty prominent men In terviewed there was scarcely a dissen'ing voice In the opinion that the developments would be along the lines of a better car for the same money, ralher thun the same car for less money. Most of all. a buyer wants reliability and service, regardless of whether he spends $600 or li.ftxt In the purchase of his car. It Is truly remarkable that even at the lowest prices charged by some of the American manufacturers so grent value can be had, and that In any standard make for possibly this should be qualified by saying any atandard make which has been on the market for one reason or more a buyer can obtain good value and his monV' worih. In other words, a prospec tive purchaser is safe In buying almost any American car today. Of course, in the very nature of things, some men prefer one type, tome another, and It Is perfectly true that In the higher range of prices a buyer la offered greater horse power, a larger car, and more elegant finish. How ever, from the standpoint of reliability and aery Ice. it Is safe to say that the lower priced products have demonstrated by actual performance that they are to be thoroughly depended upon. The Key to the Situation Bee Want Ads. " Mi: - fclUtUUatUUUniaa0laWta las. sti I iSiB"'M' ""' IMPLEMENTS CclwaLBiurFS. lorn. IW iLf AIM fi-r aww iuriMs w i. BUYERS WANT A QUIET CAR Obj of be FMrat Coaatderatiaws Mow la fop Aate torRasi WiUeit Sola. Above other preaent considerations of builders of motor cars Is the quest for quiet and It Is important not nterely as It Is a desirable end luxurious quality, but more because It evidences aound engineering and fine vervice to be glvtrt through a long life. When there la not a sound to be heard in the movement of a uwlor car there la not only I'leasure In tho performance of the car. but tangible evidence of harmonious working lalonce and assurance of fine mat ufrcture. Loosely made plecea. carelessly put to gether, are bound to make known the In sinrerlty of the building and coalition of the units, but when the car moves 'down the highway with l.or".y a preceptlble dis turbance to call undue attention there la evidence of rhe surety and reliability by which the car Is distinguished from other cuts. It is not that llanc Is valued so much for Ita own sake, aa for tha fact that silence la Important for the other things that a lenoe rean. l Auto Has Undergone . Great Development Hai Been Improved in Quality by Procesi of Elimination and Engine Advance. 'The advent of the automobile was made possible only by the development of gas engines of extreme lightness. An auto mobile engine usually weighs fifteen to eighteen pounds a horse power, as com pared with about 330 pounds a s horse power In the old stationary types of gas engines," says E. R. Thomas of the Thomas company. ' "The trend of present-day automobile engine design la toward the long stroke, quietness and higher efficiency. The mod em long-stroke tendency started largely on account of the wonderful speeds at tained by cars with long-stroke motors In the European four-Inch races. "During the last five years the automo bile has undergone great development. It haa been Improved In quality and cheap ened by the natural method of elimina tion of the more unfit conatructlons. This process la attll going on, but at a slower pace than formerly. "The motor baa been quieted by atten tion to the valve-operating mechanism, to the carburetor and to the exhaust line. It haa been given remarkable flexibility by Improvements principally in tha car buretor and valve setting, and the mag neto haa come , Into Its own aa tha most reliable source xt ignition current. The radiators have been strengthened and In creased In cooling efficiency. The cylinder Jacketing and lubrication have been cared for In' such a way that there Is no longer any excuse for an overheated motor. Get Expert Advice on Motor Wagons Buyers Often Secure a Much Larger Truck Than it Needed for Their Business. Drlvlaa Period I.ena;theea. The Indianapolis motor speedway man agement ha obtained advance permission to notify drivers entered in the 600-mlle international . aweepatake race over that course. May SO, that they will be per mitted to take their cars all the way through the long grind If they are In satisfactory physical condition and pass the examination of the representatives of the American Automobile association con tent board. Th driven hfcve accepted this advice with considerable satisfaction, aa many of them feared they would be gov erned by tha three-hour limit track and speedway rule In force In 1910. There are so many questions that arise when It comes .to considering .the use of motor wagons In any line of business that the safest course la to get the advice of men who have made a special study of the application of the power vehicle to various lines of monufacture and wholesale and re tall trade. Without auch device there Is al ways some danger of making the mistake ob buying, machines that are not best adapted to the particular conditions pre vailing. A not uncommon error la the buying of a truck that Is unnecessarily large, for example, and which In a few hours can do all tha hauling that pre viously required two or three teams work ing all day and must stand Idle the. rest of the time. Frequently It la better to In stall two light wagons rather than a' big truck and thereby cover a larger terri tory', make mora tripe and operate ovei different routea simultaneously. . Do You Realize the Effect of a Split-Base Rim? Because water and rust ruin the casing and tube, the Firestone Demountable Him is made witb an unbroken base. Experience shows that rims wiiich separate into halves, or split across the base, Jet water into the tire. The Firestone rim is designed from the standpoint of the (ire maker . It save tire as well as time and effort in changing them. We avoid show-room display v propositions in favor of results in actual tervica. . This explains why America's leading car makers use and rtoommend PntiBi Follows a Cold But never follows tha use of Foley' Honey and Tar, which checks tha cough and axpela tha cold. M. Btockwell. Hanni bal Mo., says: "It beata all tha remedlaa I aver used. I contracted a bad cold and cough and was threatened with pneumonia. One bottla of Foley's Honey and Tar com oletely cured me." No opiates, lust a re liable houaehold medicine, bold by all drugu,u- I ? 'Stoddard-Dayton 50" 11-F Touring Car $3000" 'A rOBBAMB - DAYTON MnMrr minds carefully designed thla faultlens car; workmen of superior intell!en o and rare Hkill contributed tlwlr beat ability In rouatrurlna; and assembling the various parta, and back of ewli car la the maker's guarantee, of automobile satisfaction. And more. Back of every Stoddard-Dayton car we sll is our business reputation for .individual aerTice to the buyer (a wilUiigiicas to do and ability to perform) a service every buy.er of a Stoddard-Dayton appreciates a st'rUe you will appreciate a service that has made every Stoddard-Dayton car owner a staunch friend of ours a service that is uneqaaled. "Stoddard-Dayton 50" 11-F Touring Car, $3,000 This car tehow n hor is roomy, luxuriously appointed, graceful In design, refined In apperti eirinvg In conaii uction and ei y powerful. It la lor eer pangera. hi front and rear dome. l.Sii-iiuh w tiewlbwe. 3x4l tires. No. S Universal O. U. demountable rims (Including 1 extra). 6xft' cylinders, two Independent Ignition systems (including Bosch D-4 magneto), aliock abaorbera, rihe i-Jitl. focurest, fixe lamps. rret-U-L.ite tank, horn. Jack. etc. "Stoddard-Dayton 40" 11-A Touring Car, $2,300. "Stoddard 30M.11-B Touring Car, $1,700. "Stoddard 20" 11-M Touring Car, $1,275. Stoddard-Dayton cars are always ready when you are aJways wjllliig always able to do just what Is expected of them go anywhere, at any rate of speed, and ajwajs bring you back without mishap or delay Deright Automobile Company 1818 Farman Street . OWNERS KNOW THEIR CARS " ! Dick Stewart . Offer Hsiaakor of Remedies for Aatomofcllo Trosibloav.i.. "When riding behind tha. powerful engine of the automobile,', few , people appreciate the harmony . of the Infinite number of working part which afford to tbem the delightful pleasure . of annihilating speed and distance," said Dick Stewart last week. "Here Is Involved the skill of. tha chauf feur In affording .to .'the "owner the real ser vice. To the casual observer It seems an easy matter to handle the powerful "ear, but upon the operator rests the added re sponsibility of mechanical efficiency. The day la paat when owners of cars accept any old excuse such as the' muffler being "short circuited" when the car Is stalled. Owners of cars quite often, know as much about the car as the driver, and therefore are in a position to properly Judge the nec essary delays. These delay without doubt are often caused by unreliable Ignition. "The carburetor system will rarely give trovble except In case of foul or dirty gaso line. To overcome a delay from this source one needs only to drain off tho carburetor or clean out the pip line, without necessar ily changing the carburetor adjustment. If It should become necessary to remove tha needle valve or any other parts, a careful note as to their proper replacement should be made. "With th modern lubricating system. trouble seldom arise. As a proper engine lubrication Is a most vital feature of con struction, manufacturer have designed this aa fool proof aa posalbla, tha only caution being to keep th oil tank prop erly - filled and observe the proper flow through the gauges.' Th Ignition system, however, Is a source of trouble In many ways. Few operator understand It suf ficiently to be without a care. When trou ble In this mechanism of th automobile occurs, same must be traced, and to do so I quickly one must have an Intimate know. I ledge of It workinga. Th trouble may j arise from a number of sources. Assum I Ing. aa an inatance, the uae of high ten- Rion magneto, one should first test for I weak compression, then for foul spark ' plus. When all wiling Is intact this Is usually the source of trouble. I "However, should the cylinder compres i I'.on be found good and the plugs In re- pair and clean, the next In order Is an In i epectlon of the magneto Itself. Assuming all wires free from leakages and th pri mary connections tight, the trouble will In variably be found In the timer or circuit breaker. This may b found corroded, pre venting a clean making and 'breaking of th primary circuit. This part cleaned and th point properly adjusted, will Invariably touch the spot ao to sperk." Quick Dofachable Domountable Rim G To carry your spare tires inflated, ready for in stant change. The baas of tft.t run not tplit, eillitr across Iht rim or a ound it. Ik NOTE THIS; Firestone tires like Firestone Demountable Rims are designed and manufactured hy exclu$ive tire makers, men who have studied and weighed every phase of tire service. THAT'S HOW we came to. originate the first and best heavy-rubber tire that prevents skidding without ruinous metal studs or wires the famous Firestone Non-Skid. THAT'S WHY each Firestone tire in its own field is the abnelute leader iu constructive detail and wearing quality the product of expert specialization. Specify Firestone tires and demount able rims on your new car, OMAHA DI8TRI0UTOR0: Central Tiro & Rtsbbsr Co,, 2127 Farnap Sf. The Firestone Tire and Rubber Co., Akron, 0 ''America's largest exclw Branches Agencies and sive tire and rim makers " dealers everywhere. 1,111 ' - HOW TO LOCATE WIRE TROUBLE Before Asaesakllasi lawltloa aad Other Wires lato a Cable Iadem These. It sometimes happen that a fault devel- I ops In some on of the several electric circuits about th modern car. with Its double Ignition system, electric aid and tall lamp and possibly one or more dash lamps. When thla trouble come la it not pleasant to trace the faulty wire and se lect It with accuracy from among It many associates? Decidedly It Is not. Par ticularly is It not when one come to that part of th wiring where the aggrega' wlrea are formed Into a nice cable for their neat conveyance between th balterlea and th switches. There 1 a remedy to be bad in tha form of a cheap box of children' water colors. Before awembllng th wires Into the nice, fat cable, band them every six lncbea or so with a distinctive color. This will prove a great help on many oc casions, even though th wire and color are so numerous as' to require Indexing. Only $1,500 nn ti When you see this car today you will agree with us that it is the best car for the money exhibited To Dlmlft lb I Us of stomach, liver and kidney trouble and cure biiiouanea and malaria, take Electric Bitters. Guaranteed. Sou. For sal by Beatoa Drug Co M' ' f i i : I 9 ' Call at our booth between the hours of lQa. m. and even ing and we will show you this car. It is wonderfully con structed. Will' go up any hill or negotiate any sand bed nternational Harvester Company :