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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, March 13, 1911, Image 1

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The Omaha Daily Bee
Wit, ha mar, ftettna aad eomla
ntctnren 4ke beet mt ntHala
For Nebraska (VnerBlly fair.
For Iowa --(tf-nerall.r fair.
For weather report see pan 2.
lVOTj. XL NO. 220.
nnm AT, nnTOnvl Thirty Coal Miners
OUT OP PRISON Near Virginia, Minn.
Jessie Smith, Convicted of Killing
Omaha, and Three Comrade i
I Escape,
flitch en Gang1 Cuts Ban in Horning
Found Guilty of Shooting a Piano
i Player Here,
aau-rI gtnrted la WfW Saloon F.nds
la Boat. Pott In nthe
look. t for tmm Foar
? VactttVoa.
X.TSVXWXl. March 1A (Special Telegram.)
Jee Smith, a murderer from Omaha
errlna' a torm of tan yri In the Btate
rjisnttwjtlnry, and three fellow convicts, ea
aaped at 4 a'olock thla morning.
Those who escaped with Smith are:
Joaeph Bnahnell, nerving a four-year
term for burglary.
John Ilajrea, three years' man, robbery.
Chavrlea Peabody, forgery, five years.
The men were In the prison kitchen. At
( o'olook they, were r leaned from their
Cells to help prepare break faat. When the
nook arrlTwd the men were gone. Pour
Iron bar sawed from the kitchen window
explained the method of their escape. Noti
fication haa been aent broadcast.
Jeaae Smith waa convicted of murder
here for the killing of a piano player at
Frank T, PI vis- aaloon, 123 North Tenth
au-eet hi July 11X19.
Smith came to Omaha from Montana.
In the course of a drunken quarrel with
the piano player Smith went out and pur
chased a gun. lie returned and entering
the aaloon by a rear door ahot his victim
to death on the spot.
Smith was arrested by Detectives Murphy
and Donahue,
Captain Dempsey put his men on the
. lookout for the eecaped convlcta last night.
t'oifrnumta Underwood of Alabama
Telia at IsUlatlnn that la to
Bo Poshed.
WASHINGTON, March 11 -(Special Tele-a-ram.)
Representative Oscar W. Under
wood of Alabama, who la to head the new
lvaya and means committee, today It clear
that any notion whlrh may be entertained
l.y the president or his friends that the
aemocratlo leadera of the house will not
take up the tariff at the coming extra
elon of congress Is wrong-
"Toil may say as "positively aa you
fhooM," said Mr. Vnderwood. "that In ad
dition to the reciprocity Mil, some tariff
Ugtslatlon will be undertaken at the special
"Moreover, the president has been re
peatedly assured of this by both Mr. Clark
and myself, and I do not believe he can
have misunderstood us."
The ways and means committee demo
crats have not derided whether they will
undertake general revision, but partial re
vision la certain veto or no veto.
The reciprocity bill will be Introduced by
Mr. Underwood and will be called the
"Underwood hill "
Three llendred Thousand Tarda
Hock Urokea la h- Seventeen
Tons of Explosive.
CORONA. Cat.. Marc: 12.-Three great
railroad systems were put out of commis
sion on their trunk lines east and south out
of I-oa Angeles for several hours today
by the blowing up of several acrea of rock
with which was Bald to have been the
largest hlajtl of dnnmlte ever set off ln
the west. About seventeen tons were
It Is estimated "that nnO.OoO aids of rock
were broken up by the explosion and the
track of the Atchison. Topeka A feanta l'e
riillroiid close by whs covered by boulders
and debris four feet deep for a distHni'ti
of lot) feel. This truck was also being
used hy the Salt Lake route and the South
ern Pacific pending repulrs to their own
lines damaged by floods. I.ate ln the
afternoon, however, the Atchison, Topeka
m Sam a Ke completed repairs and was able
to offer the use of lta track to the
blockaded railroads.
Koar Representatives of Independ
ents W lll He on Hand at Mis.
oorl I'arlfle bothering.
NEW YOltht, March 12.-U la understood
here that neither George J. Gould, the
retiring president, nor his brother. Frank
J. Gould, who has allied himself with the
Independents'' will attend the annual
meeting of (he Missouri Pacific, stock
holders in St. l.ouls on Tuesday. Four
represents tles of the independents, among
them R. Williams, a candidate for director,
will be on hand, however. Who will
reprecent the Kuhn. lirh llm kefeller In
terests, now ' dominating the situation,
could hot be learned here, nor has any
selection of a auci-casor to George J. Gould
been made public.
Jarr Free" Men t'harared nlth ton-
t orrautly.
PPRINGFIKI J.', 111 . March 12 At S 45
o clock tonight after three and one-half
hows of deliberation, in which about
twenty-one ballots were taken, the Jury
In the trial of State Senator Stanton C.
Pembei ton of Oakland, and former Rep
resentative Joseph Clark of Vandalla.
hailed with entering Into a conspiracy lo
Be ure monev corruptly for their votes in
ai d rig the central l for the furnishing
of the senate and house cliainl.ir of the
State house, returned a veidlct of "not
guilts .'"
Both IVmberton and Clark were present.
Before rraolng the verdict. Judge Thompson
Inxtrui ted the nowd In the court room that
there would te no demonstration no matter
what verdict was rendered
' isandi of Tons of Material Sweep
Down Upon Men Bent Over
at Work.
t Minn., March 12,-Thlrty men
In a great slide of earth at the
Nt " . near Virginia last night. The
pit feet deep and waa more than
half filled by the avalanche, which came
without warning and extended 100 feet be
yond where the victims were entombed.
There are only four aurvlvors, all injured,
three of them probably fatally hurt.
Four bodies were recovered by rescuing
partlea. The others still remain beneath
the debriB. The deed are mostly Finland
era and Austrlana, several of them leaving
large famlllea.
The newa of the disaster caused a rush
of sobbing women and children to the pit.
The miners, who were taking up one of
the two tracks In the pit in order to permit
the steam ahorel to work In another sec
tion of the mine, were for the moBt part
bent over, using bars and claws, when the
avalanche came.
The acene waa a strange one. The ca
tastrophe was quite unlike anything In the
history of iron mining on the range. Be
hind and before the pit were thousands of
tons of ore, rock, snow and Ice, which the
rapid warming of the atmosphere released
upon the tolling miners.
A year ago there was an accident that
bore a alight resemblance to the one today.
A steam ahovel at the Norman mine was
burled by a caveln, but not a miner waa
caught. The Norman employe about 1,000
men when running to capacity. Just at
this time several hundred are employed,
working In night and day shifts.
Subpoena Issued
for Senator Bailey
Texas Man Wanted at Springfield,
111., to Produce Broderick
Bank Deposit Slip.
SPRINGFIELD, 111., March 12-State s
Attorney Burke yesterday obtained a sub.
poena ducus tecum for United Slate Senator
Joseph W. Bailey of Texas, summoning
him as a witness tn the case agalnat State
Senator John 8. Broderick of Chicago, who
la charged by former State Senator David
H. Holstlaw of Iuka with paying him $2,600
on July 16, 1909, In Brodeiick's saloon tn
Chicago for' Holstlaw's vote for Lorlmer
for United States senator.
Holstlaw produced a deposit slip for that
amount on the State Bank of Chicago,. In
which bank he said he deposited the money.
The depot It slip was taken to Washington
by the subcommittee investigating Lari
mer's election, and the last knowledge of
the whereabouts of the Blip was when Sen
ator Bailey held It In hand during his
speech in the senate In defense of Liorlmer
and denounced It as a forgery,
Mr.- Bailey's explanation waa that while
he waa addressing the senate -some vne
took the slip from his hand and that he
cannot remember who It was. Broderlck'a
case la set for trial Monday, March 30.
WASHINGTON, March 11 Although
Senator Bailey had not been served with
the subpoena issued by the State of Illi
nois, commanding him to testify) In the
trial of State Senator Broderick, on the
charge of having bribed State Senator
Holstlaw to vote for William liorlmer. for
United states senator, he was at work today
on a statemrnt.
The request for a statement, came from
Senator Cummins of Iowa, who telegraphed
from Dea Moines, declaring he had made
a statement and that he desired that
Senator Bailey also Bhould give his ver-
..on of the loss of the two documents.
T Ho frlriat'll la that I.rlI. II Mow-
..... . 7 . . . ..
cmci ciera 01 me nana ana me ex-
waa the deposit allp. both having
been given with the view pf demonstrat-
Inir thai I Inlut la w 1M n.it t.t-.nUI.. Ih.l
slip. At the time these papers were In
troduced ln the senate. Senator Bailey
turned them over to Senator Tillman and
Mr. Tillman states he handed them to
some republican senator. Not since then ,
... . . .
has either of the documents been seen,
...... .... . . ... 1
nir. rtauey nam iouay ne cuuiu inrow no
on the present whereabouts of the
Mrs. Lansing Bites
on Decoy Package
San Francisco Woman Confesses to
Robbing Mail Boxes of an
Apartment House.
SAX FRANCISCO, March li-tSpeclal
Telegram ) ArreMed by central office de
tectives today after she had taken a decoy
puckage containing silver spoona from one
(if the nuill buxea in the vestibule at the i
apartment house ln which she lived. Mrs. i
George 1 Lansing, handsome, well-dressed I
and of apparent refinement, broke down
at the city prison and confessed to the
th. ft of a doxen valuable package, mailed ""-"". I favored by the com-
wlthln the I.M th-ee months to other , "'ls"r; "d iered Prerequisite to
women In the house. I ,h" hment of any uniform plan of
Almost weekly since December 21 Mrs. ! Pror"ulon " ""'it. After such a r.
!n,ing has stolen a package containing ! JL?. ,,,0?h th" comm,i""on P-o-some
article of value and addressed to I mo,,un" ,n ,he " on the basis of ef-
one of her neighbors. Her confession
clears up the disappearance of the many
packages that were1 never received by the I
women to whom they were addrossad.
New Zealand Mlaaloaaxy Wonld Pro
teet oana and Innocent Mea from
Female Wiles.
CHICAGO. March 12. Married men
scored today In retaliation , of the suggea
tlon several weeks ago by anxious woman
kind that all benedicts be compelled to
wear wedding rings on their thumbs. The
revenge came today In an address before
the Cook County Teachers' association by
a native Methodist missionary from New
Zealand. Here la the Islander's auggestton:
"Compel the married women to tattoo
their china and lips ao that all who tun
may read of their marital obligations."
The speaker was the Rev. Haw el and he
talked on "From Caniiilall-m to Culture."
The tattooing was one of, the customs he
thought could well be Imported by culture
from cannibalism.
"I think it a magnificent custom." said
the New Xealander. "Young and Innocent
men cannot be misled by adventurous
women. I am going to suggest It to Presi
dent Taft."
Report of Civil Service Commission
Transmitted to Congress in
Special Message.
Classification of Assistant Postmasters
and Clerk Satisfactory.
Legislation" for Number of Improve
ments Requested by Taft
5 amber of Competitive Classified Po
altloas Shows Increase of S,4tH
Kary Yards Laborers
WASHINGTON-. March 12,-Presldent
J art, In a special message, has transmitted
n.TT.T tHe twenty-"venth annual re
port of the civil service commission. The
report atatea that the Increasing effectlve-
.h." m, mer" 'y,tem "trengthened
the public conviction that It 1. Indispen
sable to economy and efficiency In govern-
ane ."""'- U " h.t l'.,,".
animation system tends to lessen the num
ber of employes required under similar con
ditions, by raising the standard of efficiency
and at the same time facilitates the ex
tension of governmental activities to new
fields by furnlahlng the best practicable
means of testing qualification! for .den
tlflc, technical and professional work
A better spirit of co-operation on the
part of administrative officers and the
publ c Is noted, thus rendering civil service
administration more effective. Kcnomie.
have been effected in the use of registers
fwer persons being examined, although
more were appointed than In the previous
The report shows 3M.0R8 persons ln the
executive civil service, 222.278 of whom are
In the competitive classified service. The
number of competitive classified positions
which does not Include mechanics and la
borers at navy yards, is shown to have In
creased by B.4S8. On the other hand, an
opinion of the attorney general, rendered
during the year, that mechanics and labor
ers at navy yarns are not clasalflcd, though
they have been .o regarded, gives an ap
parent decrease by taking them from the
figures of the year. The commission urges
the. classification by executive ' order of
these navy yard employes, showing that
the classification of similar position., In
other parts of the service Is beneficial and
that the navy yard mechanics are perform
ing duties whose classification was contem
plated by the rules.
Including transfers. promotions. and
reinstatements, there were, .cording to
the report, 43,55 persons appointed through
examination tn the federal service during
the year, while transfers and restate
ments without examination to the federal
service and appointments through ex
amination to the Philippine service and to
unskilled laborer poeltlons brings the num
bed up to 46.202.
It is shown that the large number of
clerks In Washington required for the
recent census were readily supplied through
the examination system.
The recent classification by executive
order of assistant postmaatera and of
clerks In certain first ,-aRs postofflces Is
noted with satisfaction, It being shown that
v-iuei iiKe positions have been
tageously treated as classified.
The report calls aii.ni..n -
j nounoed tendenry , ln P".
po8ltlon. tnr0UKn promotIon ' her "'
I... .. . ' persons in
",e nd further shows remark-hie
progress In the general annlle.ti.,.. , . L
merit avstem nrf .. ..
. . - ' ' V. tlllT
method of selection of the personnel of
PrBOnnei Of
government organizations which has been
auopiea ry more than 2o0 cities and six
state governments.
The commission Joins with the president
.. . i . i. . . .
ifiu uoaiiiiRHTer vptiai-u I I .... ...
ina leKislminn ,
,egaiauon to permit the classification
of first j .1.. .. ,
ursi, second, and third class ooat-
musterM u r.,1 ....
dent's recommendation m n.,".:
n Bivcn power 10 ciasBlry local officers
whose appointments are now auhlect to
confirmation by the senate, favorfnu the
classification of all except those responsi
ble for the policy of the administration.
The commission urges legislation look
ing to Increased efficiency In the aervlce,
especially a reclassification of salaries Irt
accordance with the work performed, with
enough grade, to Insure frequent promo
tions, some provision for retirement and
promotion on merit to the higher poeltlons.
In its argument for a leclasslficatlon of
salaries the commission state, that the
present classification was adopted in 1S03
under different conditions and shows the
Inequalities resulting at the present time
Such a reclassification as that recom
mended by the Keep commission which
-v .,u.oly 10 me House of
P'ntalve. by the committee on de-
' " narmon.ied by
a supervisory body
Satisfaction Is expressel with tho results
of the application of the merit system to
the diplomatic and ror.sular revvlces by
presidential order and the cc.mm!.lun la
heartily In accord with PresMent Taft In
hla desire, expressed in his recent message,
that the system be adopted by law.
The portion of the report dealing with
political activity if emplcves shows an
I increase in ine number or cases Invest! -
gated by the comm'ssion, most of them of
a minor character, which Is ascribed to In
creased facilities for detecting violation,
fuller eo-cperatlon of the departments, and
greater public sympathy, rather than a
growth In the actual nuralwr. It recom
mends the extension of the restriction on
political activity to officers now unclassi
fied. I Though the total number of temporary
' appointments Increased during the year.
according to the report, there was a
marked decrease in their number In Wash
ington, and the careful adm'n'stratlon ot
the rule limited the number to such as
were for th? good of the service.
The value of the district system whereby
twelve centers of adm nistrr Hon and Infor
mation are maintained, each In touch wiih
the rrlce and the public ln Its terrlior.
Is shown, the result being Increased ex
pedition, liability, economy and efficiency
In the service.
(Continued on Second Page )
U 1 ft. '
Fnm lh Ft. Lmilt
Army Rifle Shoots Five Miles With
out Sound or Smoke.
INew Death-Denllna Arm Will His.
charge Hundreds of Bullets Per
Minute and Requires fin
Skill In Use.
SPRINGFIELD. Mass.. March 12. (Spe
cial Telegram.) The mrtblllBatlon of United
States troops on the Mexican boundary
may mean the placing of the Springfield
armory, temporarily at least, on a war
t'me basis. Should orders of such Import
be received from Washington, tho armory,
which now ranka as thf finest small arms
plant ln the world, would he able to give
a good account of Itself from the outset.
In the event of actual hostilities, the foes
r t t a wnnM hA llkelv to receive
a series of unwelcome surprise in th ac-
tuai demotwtratiorf ef thsrsT; tt weapona.
the Sprtngneiq armory pronuocs. i ne im
proved United States army rifle has an
effective range of five miles. At a dis
tance of a mile a bullet from this weapon
after passing through the bodies of half
a dozen soldiers, standing In a row would
still have sufficient penetrability to bury
Itself beyond recovery In tho trunk of an
ordinary tree.
Only smokeless powder is used in this
tlfle end If Maxim's "silencer" Is at
tached an enemy half a mile distant would
bo absolutely at sea aa to the course of a
withering fire.
Machine Gun Deadly.
Ieadller than any weapon ever placed
In the hands of individual soldiers In actual
combat Is the new machine gun which la J
manufactured at the United States armory.
The gun Is designed for close range work
am' Its chief characteristics are velocity
end rapid fire. For reasons of Its own.
the ordnance department la becomingly mod
est concerning the possibilities of the new
weapon, the first models of which for ac
tual service have recently been completed.
It !b known, however, that the gun Is so
light that It can be rarrled on the march
slung over the shoulders of soldiers, the
same as the regulation rifle.
The gun will discharge hundreds of bul
lets per minute and a corporal's guard of I
soldiers equipped with the new gun at
close range -nuld dissipate an attacking,
regiment. The death dealing machine gun
car be put ln readiness with the quickness
with which a boy fills
pea blower and j
requires less sail. mar. we nm...,M..i.u..
of a putty blower.
The time worn statement that It takes a
ton of lead to kill a soldier will be atrik- j
lngly disproved the next time the United
v. . . m .mi u i nn tn Hn a HMIa ftirhtln? I
. . ......
Army officers who have handled every
. , , ,r .v.. I
weapon In use In the great armies of thej
..ih ..rt that the United States armv
Infantryman la equipped with a weapon
100 per cent more effective than the small
rrm In ue in any other country.
He ere Karthqnake Accompanied by
Strong- Detonations Uamaaes Rail
nay and eases Moeh Alarm,
NAPLES. March 12 A severe earth
quake, accompanied by strong detonations
from Mount Vesuvius occurred this even
ing. Investigations showed that a great
landslide had dropped from the upper art
of the crater. It Is estimated that It
measured 1.000 by 2f.O feet and when it fell
it caused enormous clouds of smoke.
The Funicular railway was badly dam
aged. A party of tourists were about to
ascend by the railway when the shock
NrhraaWaa F.ntertalned at Dinner by
New Jerney. Governor, Hat Deny
Talklna- Politics.
PRINCETON. N. J.. March 12. -William
J. Bryan waa the guest of Governor Wood
row Wilson at a dinner at the Princeton
Inn tonight. Both Colonel Bryan and Gov
ernor Wilson said, after the dinner, that
they had not discussed pul'.tlcs. The Ne
braskan declined to express any opinion
about Governor Wilson a a presidential
Colonel Bryan spoke for an hour and a
half this afternoon to one of the large-it
audiences ever gathered In Princeton.
j Prince l.nllpuld'a Hlrtaday.
m l n II aiiirfn l I iif iimi 'ei :i oiriu-
day of Prince Regent Lultpuld waa gen
erally cetcbratt u today tiuuuahou, B i
varia. Prince l.uilpold Is In good health
and went on foot tooav through, the streets
of Munich and Inspected the decorations
that bad Is-tn hung In honor of bis bu today.
For Forty Days
Missoui Will Stop
All Treating in the
Saloons in State
Bill Passes the House - and Author,
Representative Bedworth, Says
Will Solve Liquor Problem.
(Speclal Telegram.) The house today
passed a bill to prohibit treating In saloons.
It was Introduced by Representative Bed
worth of Callaway, a preacher, who says
It will solve the liquor problem. It was
looked upon as a Joke, but members voted
for It and Bent It to the senate for action
Would Export Goods
and Not Laborers
Premier , Luzzatti Declares Italian
Emigrants to America Have Sent
Home $214,000,000.
ROME. March 12. (Special Cablegram.)
Advantages derived hy Italy from emigra
tion were enumerated hy Premier Itizxattl
In an Important debate In the chamber of
deputies yesterday. He said that $'.14.0nonno
had been sent home by emigrants to the
United Slates In the last three years, and
that financial prosperity of the country
was ii ic mainly to thla fact.
Emigration, said the premier, contributed
to the development of the shipping and
national Industries and to the Increase of
Imports and hence the government was
bound to encourage It.
The premier expressed the hope that the
time was near when Italian prosperity and
Industrial development would reach a
Btage where the country would not need
the u!w of emigration. Then he concludod,
teps would be taken to diminish the
exodus of workers and Italy would export
goods only, and not men.
Co-Operative Plan Arranaed hy Which
Department Heads Will Become
Joint Owners.
rH,CAOOi March 12.-A co-operative and
, ,.0.tmrtI1(,t..riin plan whereby department
w( bpPome joint owners of the
business controlled by the trust estate of
; Mar(inal, viM was announced tonight .The
i ,.i, f this nlan. it is said, will be that
control of the estate business eventually
will pass from the control of the heirs of
Marshall Field into the hands of the men
now employed by the company.
" .. . . . . . . .,
The participation does not extend to the
' ....
Praonal property and outside real estate.
The estate now is held In trust for fifty
! tor ,ne ,wo grandsons of Marshall
Field, who are being educated In England
under the direction of their mother, Mrs.
Maldwln Druinmond.
Twenty-five department heads will re
ceive an allotment of stock at once, It Is
said, and the arrangement ultimately will
be extended to others. Some will purchase
the stock outright and others will take a
certain number of shares and be permitted
to pay for them in the future out of the
profits cf the business.
1 ItC X UUtiy
' See if your name appears in
the Bee's Want JKd today offer
ing O'Brien's Candy free you
don't have to advertise to get it.
Find your name and the gift is
yours. The Bee is also giving
away today
FarreH's Fine tti up.
Ulikt''8 Famous Flour.
Aiiipricau Theater Tickets.
Opinion Expressed by Dr. Flexner,
Head of Rockefeller Institute.
Action of l.nnaa Mar ne Kept 1'P by
a torrent of Air and Ether
Forred Thronah Tben hy
Means of a Tube.
NEW YORK. March 12. (Special Tele
gram.) Dr. Simon Flexner. head of the
Rockefeller Institute of Surgery, the man
who conquered meningitis, believes that
finally medical science will overcome death
and man can live to an Indefinite period.
When surgeons first tried to open the
chest cavity to reach the heart and lungs,
the lungs collapsed like a pair of bellows
A German surgeon constructed an ' air
chamber over the heart, with room for the
operating surgeon and hla assistants. Tn
thl.t "Sauerbruch". chamber, so named
after the Inventor, many operations on the
chest cavity were performed. Recent ex
periments at the Rockefeller Institute,
however. Indicate that the chsmber can
be done sway with and the lungs kept
going by a tube placed In the windpipe,
through which a current of ether and air
Is forced Into the lungs. Thus far these
test have been confined to animals, but
their successful application to man Is
"Could ihls process be used to restore
life?" Dr. Flexner was asked.
"Oh. cs. It does now," he replied.
"It Is similar to the process of resuscita
tion In drowning. The air pumped Into the
lungs can actually bring a person tn life
who hna to all Intents and purposes been,
you might say, practically dead. And the
same wav with the heart. But the opera
tion has to be performed quickly, while the
tissues are still alive. That the heart can
be made to resume Its action again Is one
of the most amazing things we have been
able to do with the human body.
(turaery for Vital Oraana.
"With valvular diseases of the heart,"
Dr. Flexner continued, "we now have rea
son to hope that a cure may be found in
a surgical operation. It may become pos
sible, too, In cases of advanced tubercu
losis, to cut out the diseased portions of
the lungs, as we now operate on a dis
eased liver or kidney. We do not need
all the area of the lungs to breathe with
you know. This discovery will undoubtedly
result In prolonging life or saving some of
those who would otherwise die of tubercu
losis." "Could a person suffering from a disease
like typhoid fever be cured?" Dr. Flexner
was asked, "by transfusion of blood from
another when that blood contained an anti
dote for the disease."
"I bsrdly know about that," he replied.
"In typhoid fever, though, lives have been
saved after hemorrhages by the transfusion
of blmxl from another."
"Could blood-be transfused to save the
life of dying persons?"
"Yes, so long aa Ihey were not quite
dead." Dr. Flexner replied.
"When nerve, are severed by accidents
or operations, paralysis usually results.
Now the nerves are sewn together as a
broken bone would be. Where the ends of
nerves cannot be Joined, part of a neighbor
ing nerve Is spllctd to make It whole."
(Continued nn Second Page )
Author of First Initiativev and Refer
endum Bill Admits Cannot Pass
Direct legislation Measure.
Nebraska to Refuse to Profit by
Others' Experience.
Attempt to Suit Enemies of Provision
is a Failure.
l.ealalalora Alarmed Because Only
Three Hundred and Fifty Bills
Are Disposed of Out of
F.leven Hundred.
(From a Staff Correspondent.)
LINCOLN. March 12. (Special.) ln the
opinion of the author of 11. R. 1. the first
Initiative and referendum bill, the attempt
made by the present legislature to pass a
good direct legislation bill will be more of
a failure than success.
"The house and senate bills as they
stand now." said Representative Hatfield
of Lancaster, who drew both bills, "If re
duced to any sort of a compromise will be
the poorest Initiative and referendum bills
In the United States. Instead of Improv
ing upon the experience of other states,
Nebraska will have put herself In the po
sition of refusing to profit by the success
of the law In Oregon and other places. We
held long conferences when we first talked
ever the direct legislation bills that we
wanted to Inrtodtire. We thought an S
per cent petition would be reasonable, but
be knew the opponents of the principle
would not stand for It. We decided that
10 per cent would be satisfactory to us and
should he to the others and we thought If
we raised the Initiative petition to that
figure no radical change, would be made
In the bill. We bad hoped to take a rea
sonable stand and not be forced to move
from It. Instead we have found that the
opponents of the hill were certain to op
pose us no matter how reasonable we were
pnd as a result we have now the worst
Initiative and referendum bill In the coun
try and will be pledged to vote for It."
Democrats Fnll In Attempt.
This statement by a dry member of tha ,
majority party Is regarded as an admission
that the democrats have failed In their at
tempt tn paaa a good direct legislation law
and unless they materially change the bill
now up before them It la asserted they
will not be carrying out the spirit of their
party pledge, even If they do obey the
letter. They will undoubtedly pa s.s some
direct legislation bill, hut If It requite.
alOper cent petition for referendum and
has other restrictions thrown around)' its
operation It will be of little service to the
people of the state. '
The aenate bill and house bill have both
passed the lower house and the sji.ate
bill has reached the senate. Yhey are alike
In requiring a 10 per cent 'telitlon for initi
ating ordinary measures and a 15 per tint
petition for the Initiation of const it utl unil
amendments. The a.'iitl bill as n;ivndod
by the house requires a 10 per cent petition
to refer a bill and tn h nisi bill require S.
They are alike In requiring . that the
majority of votes east for a constitutional
amendment when It has ben submitted to
the voters by petition .-.hall hot curry thu
.measure unless the majority rep.esepts ot
least 35 per cent of the total number of
votes cast at the election on all subjoc.s.
The lesson for this Is the fear that on
some questions only special Int-rists would
vote at all and could hold , majority of
the votes cast on the qu-Htln lilf.
The conference committee which Is Boon
to be appointed and take up the task of
going over both the bills and affecting a
compromise Is much more likely to make
the compromise more restrictive than
liberal and the final result may be even
less of what the people really mean when
they Bay "direct legislation" than it la
Session May t.o Overtime.
legislators have begun to be alarmed by
tho fact that of the 1,100 hills submitted to
the legislature during the first forty days
of tha session, only ubout il.'0 bills have
been finally disposed of by both houses of
which were killed. Not more than
thirty bills have gone dear through tha
mill to the governor and the suasion has
already used up forty-seven days of the
sixty alloted. R was hoped at first that
an adjournment could be reached by Sat
urday, April 1, but unless the sifting com
mittee ure soon set to work and get the
mass of bills awaiting action quickly dis
posed of It will take a week longer and
the legislators will have to spend a few
days In the service of the state without
receiving their 5 per day stipend.
her Ices Held at Dicta be MetkudUt
Church Body Held PeudluK
Location of Son.
Funeral services of the late Martin W.
Kirkendail. bailiff of the rountv court,
were held from t lie McCahe Methodist
church at 2 o'clock yesterday afternoon
Owing to the failure of relatives to locate
William Edward Kirkendail. a son, thu
body waa placed In a receiving Vault at
Forest Lawn cemetery. Further effort
will be made to communicate with life
William Kirkendail and his wife were
last heard from two mouths ago when
they were ln North Platte. Neb. Mr.
Kirkendail Is a railroad employ. It la
thought he went west.
Rev. J. G. Bhlck conducted the iervlr?
) esterday.
Foar-t ear-Old Dauakter of Marcus
tot of Wmlngtuii, M. Kails
Into Boiling Water.
HURON. 8. D., March 12 -(Special. )-Tlie
4-year-old daughter of Marcuu Cox and
wife, residing near Weaslngton, wa r
ildently scalded lo death. Tha mother had
placed a kettle of boiling water on the
floor preparatory to xrubljing. when the
child utinotlird by Its mother tit some way
overturned the water upon her person, re
sulting In aids that pioved fatal in
few hours. Mr. and Mis. Cox had planned
lo rciuoe with their family to another
tat.-, and had disposed of a part of their
belongings bfuie the aculdeiit occuirvii.

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