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THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE; JUNE 16, 1912.
i . Mighty Works to Be - (Copyright. 1912. by Frank G. Carpenter.) T'T.F.RTt A Canal Zone. Pan ,' I 1 ama. My investigations this I ' j I week have been devoted to canil at Panama, What kind of cities are we to have at 't the Atlantic and Pacific ends of Uncle i Sam's famous waterway? How shall we take care of the shipping and what will be the accommodations for passengers ; going from one part of the isthmus to the other? These and other questions of terminal facilities will soon bulk large in the minds of the public. The digging is fast approaching completion, and the endless river of earth which Is flowing from Culebra down to Ealboa will finally shrink and then stop, l have already gono in from the P.icific end of the canal almost to the Miraflores locks. The dredges are still at, work there, but within a few months the channel could be made ready for ships. The dredsins on the Atlantic side is rapidly approaches completion. The dam which crossed the canal ' at Mindi has been cut through and the salt waters of the Caribbean sea are now against the locks and within a stone's throw of the Gatun dam. The. work of building up the founda- tions for the terminals of the future is already under way and docks and break , waters are rising on both sides of the isthmus. So far there is much yet to be "decided, but the plans of the engineers ; have been carefully made, and as soon I as congress .gives its orders this part of the canal construction will rapidly move. i Talk With Rear Admiral Rou-aeaa. I The canal commissioner who has spe .i cial charge of the terminals is H. H. jRosseau, one of the most expert en igineers of the United Statea navy. He is still a young man, but he has had i long experience in work of this kind jand he was chief of our great naval i bureau of yards and docks when he was appointed one of the engineer commis isioners of the canal. He was a civil en gineer by profession at the time he ! passed a competitive, examination for 'similar work In the navy, with the rank i of lieutenant, and he did so well there 'that now, at the age of 42, he has become : ft rear aHmii-fll find lintA, rrtlMAl fiAth- if als as chief has some of the most im- ' YlTl'tonf hpanh.. nt th. f-mna wnvr unyl.. Mm. j It was In the administration building i here at Culebra that I looked over the maps of the proposed terminals and 'v : talked with Mr. Kousseau about' them, if I Said he: S t "The . arrangements for the terminals I of the canal are by no means complete. I We have made our plans,' but so far II many of them have not been passed I j upon by congress and much will depend I : upon the policy of the government as to tithe -treatment of canal traffic. Other ! matters have been definitely settled and I i we are are already working them out. . You have- seen the great breakwaters I which we are building at both ends of the canal. , On the Atlantic ships will I I pass In by Toro point, where the light- , house ... stands. From that point we are putting in a breakwater 11,000 feet long to shut out the . prevailing storms from ff the western side of the harbor. That . . breakwater has a width of fifteen feet ,4t. the" top apd IfwilJ rise ten feet above j'He mean level of the. sea. It will con ,taaaltogether in. the neighborhood of 3,'jioo,009 cubic i yards "of . rock;,, some of which;' 1st coming from the quarries of Porto Bello. ' ' . 'At the Pacific end," continued Ad , ,mli-al Rousseau, "we are making an even greater breakwater. This is- to Join the iport of Balboa with Naos island, a dis tance of more than three miles. -It will 'run nearly parallel with the axis of the canal prism, , and is to keep the current which sweeps up that shore from af- r lecnng tne canai. Tnat DreaK water win contain about 18,000,000 cubic yards of , earth and rock, which is equal to a block 300 feet wide, 300 feet high and more than i'a 'mile in length. The most of this is al ready in place and it consists of the .spoil which has been brought down from thV Culebra cut. We began work upon it I in May, .s 1908." i ... Bis Dorks on the Atlantic. 4 ''Tell me something more about your .plans for the Atlantic end of the canal." 1 t"According to those we have already .made," said Mr. Rousseau, "we shall, if congress consents, build five great docks at Cristobal,; each of which will be 1,000 I, feet long and 150 feet wide. ; There will ibe 300 feet between each two of the 'docks, and at the head of each dock will be ample landings for small -boats. The material will be reinforced concrete, and the docks wjll have railroad tracks, mnvlnv era n as and all sort of mao.hlnerv (pr : handling freight of every descrip tion.' They will accommodate any steamer- now afloat, and should be suf ficient for the traffic of the canal." "But has congress yet made any ap- jproprlation for the building of these 'docks?" , ' "Xo; but the demand for them is great, and we are fortunate in being able to 'construct the first of them through the , resources of the Panama railroad. That railroad la one of Uncle Sam's best pay ing enterprises. Through its commercial Ibusiness it has already earned several million dollars above its net expenses and 'this might be used for dock, construction. As it is. the present facilities do not .accommodate the traffic. .This is so I as to our own 'Steamers I mean those .belonging to the Panama .railroad and jit is so also as to tbe steamers of the lUnited Fruit company and of all other lllnes which are now sending their ves isels to Colon, but which would gladly 'change to the more sheltered and better anchorage that we could provide. When our -docks are completed our ships will Sanatorium This institution ts the only one In the central west with separate buildings situated ' iu, their 'own ample" grounds, yet'. . entirely distinct and rendering it possible to classify cases. The one building j: being fitted for and devoted, to tbe treatment oi noncontagious ana nonmental diseases, no others be ing admitted.. The other Ret Cottage, being designed. for' and devoted to the exclusive treatment lot select mental cases, requiring for a time watchful care and spe cial nursing. ' . 7c?n-oIi$:QlQTZst.lCiilolal land in United States territory, and the other vessels berthed there will be on the same territory." Warehouse and Repair Shop. "How about your warehouses and coal ing arrangements?" "We are now planning a type, of ware-, house to be built here, and are consider ing all sorts of dock structures and freight-handling appliances.' The engi neers think that these things should be settled at as early a date as possible, and the matter will soon, come before the gress. One reason for this is that the government is using a vast amount, of machinery in the building of the canal which can "be applied to various things 1n connection with the terminals. .We shall have to build dry docks and repair, shops, and there is no reason why the govern ment should not have establishments here which would repair any kind of shipping apparatus employed in the canal traffic. The machinery is already here, . and it will have to be disposed of when the canal is completed. There will be shops at both ends of the waterway, although the repair shops at Balboa will prob ably be the larger. We have now a small repair shop at Cristobal and an old dry dock there, built by the French, which we have been using for our work on that side of the isthmus." Great Coalinflr Facilities. "What are your plans as to coaling fa cilities?" "We will have to have docks and stor age capacity for at least 200,000 tons of coal, and we shall also need storage at each terminal for something like 80,000 barels of fuel oil. Many of the steamers of the Pacific are now burning oil, and we have to provide also space for any additional storage that may be required in the future. The coal dock on the At lantic will be such that many steamers can coal at one time. It will be at least 2,000 feet long. The chief depots for coal will be on the Atlantic end, the present plans providing for 200,000 tons of coal there, and about 50,000 tons on the Pa cific side." The Title of the Canal. "Is your idea, Mr. Rousseau, that great cities will grow up at the two ends of the canal?" "No; and so far the commissioners have not thought it advisable to encourage that plan. The present opinion Is that the population of the canal zone should be reduced to the minimum, and, as far as we now 6ee, we believe that there will be ample room in Cristobal for all the Americans at Panama. Colonel Goet'hals does not believe that the zone should be populated, for the reason that such a population might complicate matters in case the canal should need to be de fended in time of war. "As to cities at the termini," continued Mr. Rousseau, "we have ample room both at Cristobal and at Balboa to build them If It should bp deemerl -advisable, but it seems now as thous-'"! Colon and Panama, could furnish all "commercial facilities.- If our present plans are adhered to we shall have a canal headquarters on So?a Hill adjoining Balboa. These will con sist of an administration building and the necesary houses for , employes. The administration offices will ' be large enough to accommodate the heads of the departments and clerks, : and. the houses will be . for t3iem .and the employes en gaged In the shops .and in the various docks and wharves." .', : i "But suppose Uncle Sam should, want to establish a great free port at Panama where goods from all "parts of the world might be exchanged. Such facilities have had much to do with building( up Ham burg and Fome others of the great sea ports of Europe." '. :-. t ; ' . "I doubt whether that would be ad visable? but, If' so, it is a question for the future." -, ' . ' - t . . The Dock at Balboa. , "Can you nof give me some idea of what we should have at the terminus on the Pacific?'' I asked. . , ' "We shall reed , about a mile of dock frontage outside tie Coaling docks, and we shall prepare a sufficient area that can be kept for the extension -of the water frontage as -required in the future. Our plans propose a cal dock'j.OOO feet long and-fuel stations on the. hills so connected with this by pipes that the ail will flow right fkiyn into the steamers. We shall . have repair shops ' and con nected, with 'them, marine railroads of large size,' so that examinations and re pair of tugs, bvffs and Mmilar small vessels may be made under water with out taking them Into the large dry docks.'.' ... "And then as to the dry dock," con tinued Mr. Kousseau. "It is proposed to build one at Balboa so big that it will handle any vessel that can pass through the locks. This dry dock will be near j the en4 ot the auxiliary coallnc aUUon, Built at Terminals of n TzatitEnd of (he Canal vrJierc &e hopf 1' Txu-ning (he Atlantic, tab gie.&iisl and it w-ill be entered from the car.a; channel through a slip 400 feet long." ' "What are the present arrangements for handling freight at Balboa?" . "They are not sufficient; for -the traf fic. The only facilities consist of a steel wharf about a thousand feet long which was built by the French, and a wooden extension much shorter. The latter was constructed since we began our work here. These two wharves can berth only five vessels at once, and at present the steamships making Balboa a port of call The reader of this remarkable aeries of beauty tajke by the great actreea, Taleska Suratt, now appearing- every Sunday in The Bee, will probably be eur- prised at the remarkable .impUcity of her advice. You will notice how little there is to do, yet how important is the little that is given. In this simplicity Ilea the magic of Kiss Suratt's art, dif - ferent from the complicated, tiresome and burdensome rules and theories uau- ally given for beauty culture. t T7i-l. Cnratt By VaiesKa ourdu WFLL mv dear r.isters, I almost feel' as" thoupli I were going to make a confession. They say this i f.ir the ;;oul. At any rate, I feel a certain thankfulness at beins able to tatiHfv the longing oi so manv woman for the priceless charm of 'beauty. I "V priceless merely to Indicate its sreat value and im portance to every woman, yet it Is by no means priceless from the stand point of money va'.co. Yon may have these charms Just as surely and defi nitely as you are reading this, and at little cost ii'a -Vit will not ne about J things that you would not do anyhow. Mm Herself Into A Omen of Beaux? : tSsJ' llV "fl ill 'sr V It 'iti'a""TetB wt7 ht' v . v are often delayed. This condition is be ing remedied by the construction of a concrete wharf about 700 feet Ions, which will afford two additional berths. This is being made by the Panama railroad with its own funds, but it has been o located that if congress should authorize the construction we have outlined U wil' fit into it and become a part thereof. Our plans are such that additional wharves can be constructed from time to time as needed. The conversation here turned a?.iin to It will be about things that are sim- rtlA- frhinca vnn rnn'l f AffiTAt HlinPSl that wln reqU'ire hut a few moments of your time and which are merely In line with your ordinary toilet which you "Tf no Vgawn-out ruies affecting your mode of life. I am not going to tell you to bathe twice a day in warm water; I am not going to advise you to He on your back on the hard floor and kick up your heels and flop your arrrs around in half an hour's breathless labor;- I am not go- "S to pose as a roou expert, i.i?.,ying you te foC(J you like best. j am go- Ing to let you eat pickles If yon want them. I am not xoing to pose as a doctor and talk about the. internal or- pans, snd say that if you are not in good health you cannot be beautiful j nis is not rriie. ir ii re, men very, is not trne. very few- women tn t!i world would ever be nble to beai'tify themselves, for we are ai! inn-e m'leKS liable to brdlly ills . O I am not goinp t.i tell you to keep your windows open at night two feet from the top with av down to Zftro, the thermometer m. ana rreeze your feet while putting a half-hour's pink color on the end or vour nose. Teu can eat candy, and drink ail to i1?. (f f-r a'":' K. 'J3 H f: the Canal 71 i 11 uJt S n i lax I 1 : zrjz: .1 ! i 'v the repa'r shops propoaed, and Admlra! Rousseau raid: "There is oiip thing that I think should be clearly stated, and this is that w: Ice-water vou want In other words, I believe in san ity. At least, my dear sisters, off tho stage: I someimes wonder whether or not 1 am really the one who has found a real source of beauty-making it has all con e so easily, so quickly, so promptly, almost as at the touch of a fairy wand. Yet. if anyone Is entitled to the fruits of great labor, I believe 1 am one. 1 studied and I worked. All that I had tried and used before were makeshifts and make believes I knew It, because when I would arise in the morning with hair disheveled, with drowsy eyes, and the ruby on mv cheek had gone, and the palor of the morning had come, ail the work of the previous day had vanished and another day of struggling for twelve hours or beauty at the dreB.tlngtable lay before me. Now the mornings have no terrors for me. The beauty work that I . did yesterday, last week, last month last year, still remains for today, tomorrow and the future. I live in peace and happiness with the beckoning world before me. Thev receive me with open arms, and I love them. O Today I have picked out for you one important of my beauty secrets, and 1 you will do exactly an i instruct you to IN this first of Vk-t beauly-taks, Miss Sur-, att has something to s'iy of jnprciuo im portance to, every vcri.'in. and every wo man cuglit to read it and h"ed it. rivory department of beauty-unking will come la for Its share of cor.sidf-ra'ion. Nothing will be. omitted which in any way has a practical bearing upon the ability of every woman to make herself, as this great actress shows, a queen of transcendent beauty, In a very short time. Nothing like this series of beauty-talks has ever before been published. Next Sunday will appear the seccud ot this beauty series, Act upon today's advice today anJ exper ience the improvement you little expecteJ, by. the time' next Sunday rolls around. : in the next few weeks, ray with me, Uu rekal Then your heart will palpitate with mine, and you will know. Most Important to tre average woman is how to get rid of tho.-e telltale signs of, age. Fatner Time e regUter, wrinkles'. Volumes have, beei written upon the subject, but tne oulv treatment worth while is the treatment that has done the work. Theories arc, valueiena. I have used the following treatment for sev eral years, uf'er I gave 'Jp the old, thread-bare advice that seemed to take an age to produce any result at all. I made up the treatment myself, and had several of my deserving friends us it This was at the very beginning. - ' 0-- The result vou will picture to your self when I b'h" that one elderly lady in particular, of 56. a good friend of mine In Philadelphia, besan to use it a day oreo before I left that city. I saw her again in a lit'l- over tlice weeks afterward. anl I was s astonished I gasped. 8he confessed she had used nothing else but th- treatment I gave her. She had had three or four deep wrinkles In her forehrr.d. ann crows feet that you ci.uH a 'most count clear across Mie room These, to 11 y wonor- ment were almost gone: And the re- suit on a few of nr- other friends has been invariably the same. Upon myseir, 7 f. .. a a . ia ll mV.i and anyhow, I preier nn i myself Inn much. I tnicnr grow a double chin. Make up the treatment yourself as hope to put the docks, wharves and re pair facilities on a strictly commercial basis. We want them to be self-support, ing and to make the charges sufficient to cover the first -ost and also hetr maintenance and operation. In addition we hope that they will bring In something to augment the revenues of the canal want the best of terminal facilities for the vessels which use the canal, but we also want to make them sources of revenue to the canal. They will, in no appreciable degree, compete with repulr and similar -suppblng agencies of the states, and it must be remembered ats that thev will be available to the gov ernment In times of military necessity. They will be cf value to the navy anl will give the same advantages that tm government would have from the estab lishment of a naval base here." "But have you room for these shops in the Paclflo side of the isthmus?" "Yes. By the spoil from the Culebra cut we have built up about .Vd acres, some of which has been redeemed from the sea. and we have otner ground on the mainland. We rhall reserve an area of about forty-five acre for shop yr4s and for the storage of material and sup. plies, and we shall have ample room for all our necessities." A Trip ThrouRh the fnnnl. : I here asked Admiral Rousseau to ?lve me some idea of what one would see in making a trip through the cnnal when completed. He replied: "We shall start In from the Atlantic. Let us suppose that the traveler ts stand ing on the deck of the steamer from ' New Tork or New Orleans as it ap proaches the coast. Nearlng the canal entrance he sees the low wooden bulld- InK? ox LOlun vn me icn, nio iiuudco v. Chvlstobal among thfir cocoanut trees and the tall white lighthouse of Toro point away at the rlgnt. He passes by Colon snd its harbor and. going in by the breakwater Jutting out from Christo bal point, enters the canal. He steams on ui through It to the foot of the Gatu.i locks, a distance of about seven miles. As he comes In he csn see the old French canal, and he crosses it near Mlndl. about half way to Gatun. The channel here Is about 500 feet wide and the country is flat on the left, while on the right in the distance may be seen grassy hills.-' Coming to Gatun the man ses the great green grass sod dam at the right. It. Is now ragged and rocky, hut it wi'.l be filled in with earta and -dded, and It will end In green hills with the white concrete fplllway showing out at the center. , "At his left as he moves up the channel he will see the mighty white ocks Of Gatum. The lowermost one wlll'probably be open, and Its water will be on the level of the sea. His ship- will steam Into ft, and will' there be' harnessed to the four towing locomotives which will aid tn moving and steadying It as It goes on ward from gate to' gate. "As soon as the vessel Is In the gates behind will be closed and the water rushing through many holes from the mighty conduit, so big that a Pullman train could go through them will quickly raise the steamer to the level of the lock above. A moment later the front, gates of the lock will open, and the steamer will pass Into the second level or lock and thence in the some way raise to the third and finally sail out through the channel Into Gatun lake at eight-five of the nost am sure If do, yuu will. folIowM. obey Instructions implicity, and you will not be disappointed: In a large bowl pour one-half pint. boiling water. In thlg pour two table- spoonfuls of glycerine. Place this bowl In a pan of water on a slow fire. In a few minutes add two ounces of eptol and continue stirring until all Is dls- solved. At first it will look like jelly.' then it will start to cream: When it does this, remove it from the fire anrt stir constantly until cold. Then keep it in an air-tight Jar. You should be able to get eptol at any good drug utore and it should not cost you more than fifty cents. This will last quite- while. Apply this cream every morning with mo up vi me ion iuieio, aivcr have washed your face thoroughly with ni mm.v. j. .acc. very liberally all over with it, around the eyes, on the forehead, on either side or tne moutn, every wnere. Aiiev yon hnirA aisnlll If linn f mAfal V flirt vnn r '"' 1J ''t, h.ri mic .n uvm w l!n a baby's skin, but dig right In. Take up the flesh in your fingers and pioeh til r J?t" - r f . Kit o feet above the level from which It steamed Into lock number one." Trerellna; Throngtt Gatnn lake. ,, At this point Admiral Rousseau stopped a moment to show roe some maps and then, tracing the course of the ship with his finger, he continued: "Emerging from the locks at Gatun, the course of the steamer will be prac tically due' south for three and one-hall miles. It will pass, through a l.ono-foot channel, with the water extending be yond It, and the tops of the .trees and islands will take away the Idea of a canal snd make one think that he'. is passing through a large and deep lake. A little further on his vessel will take a sharp turn to the left and then go In a straight course for four and a half mtlen to a point Rbout one mile below where Bohlo now is. From that point on the right the opening excavated by. the French for their locks may be seen, and a little farther on the vessel will pass over the. sites of Frljoles and otter v!l lases which have been submerged by the waters of Gatun lake. , ' "After a Journey, of fifteen miles the thousand-foot channel begins- to narrowv It Is reduced to feet, and the canal has now the appearance of a wide river with hills on each side. It Is the-valley of the Chagres. Still farther on the ' channel is reduced to &V feet and the vessel passes on Into the Culebra cut and sails through It for a distance of nine ' miles to the locks of Pedro Miguel. This part of the journey will be especially Interesting. The canal channel will be SOO feet wide snd the hills will rise high above the steamer, reaching In the center a maximum of over 550 feet. The sides will be planted with earth-holding grasses and bushes and there will be but little evidence of the mighty work we have done In making the cut. "Entering the lecke at Pedro Miguel, the steamer will drop thirty feet Into Mlraftores lake, a beautiful sheet of fflvery water, and Will travel there a , mile and a half before It reaches the locks of the same name, where It will make Its two great steps' to the channel at the level of the Pacific, . "From the foot of the locks the rlc -Balboa will be only three miles, anl, deep water In the ocean about five ml farther. The land there is low, with hlU. .' In the background covered with green. On the left going out Will be the grest wharves and repair shops of Balhoa, and In the dlat.inco one may see the little archipelago of Perlco, Culebra and Fla menco, on which the fortifications will be.. "The trip throughout will be wonder-' fully beautiful end Intensely Interesting. It win embrace view of mountain and valley, of river, and lake,, of tropical plants and flowers, and of mighty tree" ladon with orchid. As . far as cans! trips are concerned. It will be more beau tiful than any. other on earth," i i ; ,'.'. FRANK G. CARPENTTR. s Recalling- Tfpnpe'a Name. . The manager of a theatrical company playing a "one-night stand" In Texas was talking to the hotel proprietor re garding the prospects for business and had been assured they were good. Then he asked r "What was the last show you had here?" ., i The landlord thought for a moment, and turning to the clerk said: "Say. Fred, what's the name on those trunks upstairs?" Kansas City Star. Valeska Suratt In une of Her Magnificent Stage Costumes it, squeeze it, roll it. Vo this for a few minutes, until the "cream - disappears. Then apply your complexion powder. Do the same at night. Don't look lit the mlr-1 ror every few hours to see if the wrinkles are going away; they'll go away eoon enough If you make up your mind to atick to it. ; This cream will not grow hair. ,. . . : O . ' . . -- Next' Sunday' T will give you several of my other secrets, although today I could give you only one for lack of ; space. I will also answer In this column some of the personal . inquiries I have received in the mail. But it's simple. isn't it? 1 And it Is Just as wonderful as it in simple! Inquiries- should be ad dressed to me in person, care of this newspaper.", . . , ,