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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, November 25, 1912, Image 1

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The Omaha Daily Bee
will interest every woman who
ltkca good heart-to-heart talks
with other sympathetic women.
Fair; Cooler
VOL. XUI-NO. 137.
Interest in Balkan. War Shifts From
Belligerents to Possible Com
Military Districts of Czar on Frontier
Ready for Hostilities,
Meeting of Plenipotentiaries to Be
Held Next Monday.
Reports of Abnae of Jew at Salonlkl
Snlil to Ho Untrue with Excep
tion of It to tins? by
LONDON, Nov. 21. Interest In the war
situation shifted today from tho belliger
ents, whose delegates are preparing to
meet with an apparent slnccro deslro to
work out tho terms for a truce, to the
great neighboring powers, Austria nnd
Russia. These rivals aro strengthening
their border forces at an hour when the
statesmen of all tho powers aro spreading
broadcast assurances that their only
...... ... . ... i ii j
jiunuy ia iu tiuuuruiiiuiu rtvuiiica wm in
terests to the common welfare of Europe
in tho cnuso of peace.
No threatening factor In tho situation
is known which has not existed slnco the
beginning of tho war, unless it is near
approach of tho Servian army to tho
Adriatic, and tho steps toward moobllza
tion may mean nothing more than mutual
When the crisis over Bosnia and Herze
govina arose both Russia, and Austria
came nearer to a war footing than they
seem to be now; yet tho war cloud drifted
away. '
Reports of (he Russian mobilization are
published in tho Vienna Rclchspost, the
organ of tho heir to the throne. Thoy
specify that all tho military districts on
tho frontier, Vilna, Wareaw, ,Klov and
Odessa, as well as Moscow, are to adopt
war footing; tho Don Cossacks are to be
pushed to the border, and tho prepara
tions In Russian Poland include the dis
patch of trains with troops and munitions
toward the Austrian lino.
Three Berlin papers purport to havo in
formation of the Austrian preparations,
which include tho mobilization of three
army corps for tho Russian frontier and
reinforcements for Bosnia, whllo from
Prague an account la. telegraphed of Ger
man' military activity..
Other Klm of Trouble.
C1UC11 ttIIH3 V I
the visit of Archduke Franz Ferdinand,
crown prince of Austria-Hungary, to the
German emperor and tho conference
tho Austrian chief of staff. Field Marshal
von Schemua, had yesterday with Lieu
tenant General Count von Moltko, chief
of tho German general staff, naturally
exclto acute curiosity. The additional an
nouncement that Austria has muzzled
correspondents by a rigid censorship adds
fuel to tho flames. But this may mean
that- instead Qf concealing tho facts the
government proposes to choke on sensa
tional messages capable of working harm.
Mutual diplomacy on tho part of the
respective administrations at Constanti
nople and Sofia gives promise tbat the
meeting Of the. plenipotentiaries, which Is
expected to talis place outsldo the Tchat
alja lines Monday, will prove successful.
Turkey has appointed three additional
delegates, but has Insisted that tho Bal
kan states must modify their conditions
as a groundwork for tho meeting.
Servla met this condition promptly. In
spired statements declare that Bulgaria
is willing that tho TurKS snouia reuun
tho Tchatalja lines which should satisfy
both parties, since It savesTurkth pride
the Ignominy of a march Into the capital,
whllo It shields Bulgaria from the Rus
sian official displeasure which its entry
Into Constantinople would cause and also
waives the doubtful gain of sending an
army through a cholera-lnrcstea neii.
Younff Turk Purty Falls.
An hlstorio feature of tho war is the
complete downfall of the Young Turk
party, whoso friends hailed Its rise as a
power which would lift Turkey to tho
plane of the European nations. Two.
hundred members of the committee of
union and progress have already been
arrested and many of them sentenced
on charges of high treason. Instead
of reforming Abdul Hamld's. army the
party is charged with the responsibility
for its downfall.
Beyond the matter of organization
there appears to bo the old story of
grafting officers aUled with corrupt con
tractor, i
No Excesses Apnlnst Jew.
ATHENS, Nov. St Formal denial Is
made here of reports that the Greex
soldiers at Salonlkl have committed ex
cesses against the Jewish inhabitants.
Even before tho capitulation of Salonlkl,
it is pointed out. efforts were noticeable
In both Turkey and Europe to show that
there was dissension between the better
class of Greeks and Jews In the Mace
donian city.
A state of anarchy which followed the
Turkish defeat gave an opportunity to
ruffjans to commit many excesses, but
after Greek administration was estab
lished and the Greek gendarmes reacaed
Saloalkl, perfect order was restored.
( The Weather
For Nebraska Fair. ,
For Iowa Fair, warmer.
Temperature at Oul Yesterflar
6 a m, ...... is
7 a. m 14
8 a. m. ..... n
9 a. m,
io a. m Ji
u a. m 24
12 m 26
2 p. m".',!""'.H.'!! 20
3 p. m.. 83
i P- ni S3
1 P- m... 2S
p. m
7 p. m
Rich Woman Takes
Chauffeur Husband;
Forgives Deception
CHICAGO, Nov. 24. Mrs. Almeo Glvlns
Boehm, who married Edward Boehm, a
chauffeur employed by tho wealthy Klrk
man family, last Wednesday night,
thinking she was marrying Edward B.
KIrkman, today becaroa reconciled to her
chauffeur husband who disappeared
shortly after tho wedding.
"I did not tell her I wns not Edward
B. KIrkman, because I thought If sho
knew If I was only tho chauffeur sho
would not marry me," said Boehm to
day. Mrs. Boehm, who had had detectives
seeking her husband, was angry, hut
after a private Interview with Boehm an
nounced she was happy and that they
would bo married again under Bochm's
right name.
Boehm emerged from retirement today
and telephoned to tho dotectlvo bureau
he was ready to face his wife.
A few moments later no met her in a
hotel corridor.
"You will get fivo years In the peni
tentiary for this," Bho flashed at him.
Boehm held out his hand pleadingly,
but she refused It. He whispered some
thing to her and they went to a parlor
together. When they emerged Mrs.
Boehm was smiling.
"It'B all right," sho said. "He's no
millionaire but ho's mlno and I'm satis-
fled. I'm going to telegraph my fathor
in Michigan that everything Is all right
We'll bo married again at once."
Socialists Indicted
By Federal Jurors
FOIVT SCOTT, Kan., Nov. 24-On a
federal Indictment returned hero against
Eugene V. Debs, socialist candidate for
president, Fred D. Warren, editor of tho
Appeal to Reason, a' socialist newspaper,
published at Glrard, Kan., and J. I
Shcphard, Warren's attorney, Warren
and Shephard were arrested hero today
by a deputy United States marshal. The
Indictment charges "obstruction of Jus
tlco by Inducing witnesses to leave tho
country." Warren and Shephard were
released on J 1.000 bond each.
Tho offense charged In tho Indictment
is alleged to have been committed In
connection with tho case of J. A. Way-
land, owner of the Appeal to Reason,
City Editor Pflfcr of that paper and
Fred Warren, charged In a federal In
dictment issued last May with misuse
of the mails in posting obscene matter
concernlnc tho federal prison In Leav
enworth, Kan.
Wayland committed suicide several
weeks ago. Attorneys for tho other two
men filed a demurrer in the case In tho
federal court in Topeka, Kan., yester
day. Judge Pollock took tho caso under
Debs. Warron and Shenhard wore
cited for contempt by the federal court
In -Topeka three .months ago on tliosamc
chargo which led to today's arrests.. They
were discharged at that time by Judge
Pollock. At tho hearing of tho contempt
case, J. II. McDonough of Kansas City,
formerly a prisoner in the Leavenworth
penitentiary, was a government witness.
He testified that the defendants had
paid htm $200 to go to California and
not testify in tho misuse of tho malls
Leads Officers to
His Dynamite Plant
SAN BERNARDINO, Cal., Nov. 24.
Enough dynamite to blow up an entire
city was found today at the exact spot,
where Carl Rtedelbach, the man who
terrorized tho Los Angeles pollco last
Tuseday, said It would be found.
Reldelbach, accompanied by a cordon
of officers from Los Angeles, reached
San Bernardino today and Immediately
led the party to a cacho In tho Doclese
hills, ten miles west of here, whero ho
had "planted" tho explosive.
"I stolo that dynamite three months
ago," said Rledelbach. "They seem, to
think I'm crazy, but I'm not and be
fore they get through with mo they will
find out that I'm not"
Reldelbach was returned to Los Ange
lea tonight.
Twenty-Four Men
Killed by Explosion
ALAIS, France, Nov. 24. Twenty-four
men lost their lives today when flro damp
exploded in a coal mine.
Alais is a town of about 20,0u0 Inhabi
tants, situated in tho heart of a coal rc
gion in tho department of Card, .about
twenty-five miles northwest of Nlmes.
Tho explosion occurred between shifts.
Only thirty-eight men wero In the mlno
at the time. Of these fourteen were
warned by a sudden extinction of their
lamps and managed to escape. A rescue
party found twenty-one bodies. The
otheV three are apparently In a remote
part of tho mine.
1912 Foot Ball Toll
11 Dead, 36 Injured
CIHCAGO, Nov. 21 Tea dead and
thirty-six injured is the record of the
1912 foot ball season. Last year there
were fourteen deaths and sixty-seven in
jured, according to statistics compiled by
a Chicago newspaper.
Of fatalities caused by foot ball this
year three were high school players and
seven were members of other teams. No
college players were killed this year for
the first time in several seasons.
Of the Injured seven were college play
ers, nine high school players, two grade
school players and eight members of ath
letic clubs.
MIAMI, Fla., Nov. 21 A large corwd
welcomed W. J. Bryan and Mrs. Bryan
1 on tne,r arrival here today. A brief ad-
1 dress of welcome was made by the mayor,
then the visitors were escorted to their
, Vinma ,.n (hn haV Trmtlt YVhlTA thtAf Will
30 1 spend the winter,
Hundred and Twentyc$nd Dol
lar lass JStMi&
ivc Men Caught When Adjacent
Walls of Hog House Fall. .
Four Taken to Hospital and In
juries Dressed.
For Hour 1'Iniuo Threatened to
Wipe Out Eighty Thonnnnd Dollar
Improvements of the Union
Stock Yards.
Flro originating from an unknown causo
destroyed tho mill wrlght and gluo Uuuso
and wrecked tho northwest corner of tho
big new concrete hog house of Cudahy's
packing plant at South Omaha Saturday
entailing damage and loss estimated at
(120,000. Five firemen were Injured In the
collapse of tho walls of tho hog house,
one seriously.
Superintendent Patrick Shcohy of tho
Cudahy plant this morning estimated tho
loss at $20,000 on tho mill wrlght and gluo
kiousc, $40,000 on tho hog house, and $60,000
on the stock of gluo stored in both
Jako Horn suffered a scalp wound which
may prove serious and was tho most
soveroly bruised of the five. Tho others
are James McDald, Thomas Dowd, August
Crist and Charles Sutherland.
Tho five Injured men wcro taken to Uio
South Omaha hospital. After recolvlns
somo attention from physicians till but
Horn were able to go to their homos.
After tho flro was thought to bo under
control in tho millwright house and the
fighters believed tho worst over, either
through expansion of tho steel in tho
concrete walls or through flro that caught
In the Immcnso quantity of gluo stored
Insldo tho hog house, 'tho walls of that
structure on the corner most exposed
gave way and made the blaze more dis
astrous. It was at this tlmo tho fire
men wcro Injured.
Sheen ll-triis Kmlnnorercd.
Tho new $SO,000N sheep barns of the
Union Stock yards were endangered for
several hours and that they wero'Saved
is due to the heroic efforts of -tho city,
yards and packing company departments,
Tho blaze was detected in tho north
west corner of the shop by a watchman
making his .rounds at 9:43 o'clock. Al
though tho flro department responded
Immediately to tho nlarm. tho building
was a mass or names wncn wio lire
men arrived. Tho men, realizing tho dan
jfer of a biff conflagration, throw' them
plves into the battlo and with a limited
numily of water struggled to keep tho
flro In check. On the south side of tho
glue house the new fireproof hog house
withstood tho fiery tongues mat uckcu
it for nearly an hour. Tho greatest dan
ger was on tho east sldo of tho burn
ing gluo house, where, almost abutting
on Its walls, tho new wooden sheep
barns of the Union Stock yards are built,
With the wind blowing a galo from the
west tho flames fairly leapqd across tho
little gulf that divided the two build
Inns. It was In the little alley that sepa
rated tho buildings that the firemen made
their best battle.
Tho water supply, whllo Indifferent at
first, became more adequato when all the
pumps were set to work
Horse Show Comes
. To Brilliant Close
NEW YORK. Nov. 24.-Tho National
Horso Show association brought Its an
nual show In Madison Square garden,
conbidered one of tho most brilliant and
successful In Us history, to a close last
night. A spectacular climax of the week',
display was a "coaching party," from
Arrowhead inn, overlooking the Hudson,
to the garden, where each contesting
coach and four paraded around tho ring
In sight of a gay afternoon crowd. Emll
Selitr's four-ln-hand established a new
lecord for the course, about twelvo miles.
of 40:40, lowering the previous record by
about ten minutes.
Unofficial figures announced at the
close of tho horse show gave Judge
Mporo of Chicago twenty blue ribbons
and nine red ribbons, the week's rocora,
New Liners Floated
In Ports of Britain
LONDON, Nov. 21 Two big ocean
liners, which are destined In .participate
in American trade wero launched today
in the British isles.
The Empress of Asia, which was built
in a Glasgow yard is Intended to run
between North America and China.
belongs to the Canadian Pactflo railroad
It displaces 15,000 tons and Is arranged
for conversion if necessary Into a cruiser.
The. Krlsttana Fiord, which was built
at Birkenhead is intended to open a new
regular service between Christiana, Nor
way, and Now York.
LOS ANGELES, Cat, Nov. 24.-Eari
Tryon, a young man who said ho had
been a newspaper solicitor, was arrested
by the police and held for investigation
after ho had visited the officers of
tho Pacific Electric railway and told At
3. W. McKlnlev. counsel for tha
company, that a dynamite bomb had been
ready to explode at 4 o'clock unless 27,000
was promptly paid over.
Tryon first maintained that a mysteri
ous stranger had told him to inform tho
Pacific Electric railway officials of the
bomb, and that he would be paid $100
out of the Xl.9 proceeds.
Afterward he admitted that the story
was a fairy tale devised by himself in
the hope that he might Induce the rati
y. ay company to pay lilm motry.
' " TY
s G0OPTiEiaoN"Ibv s nasi
amd T'oTHEP. r ' fx ijnrfl ys&md-is. ?r too
turkey I P OPTOeCourr ' WMK1
&SUZH &-&5Xk Wm&ODDT?IrTt iMMK
rfmkyr I Tit totj.th& annual MiS5'
1'IOIU llU 1 HUUUI ,11 ..'
Two Defendants in Murder Trial
Speak From Prisoners' Cage.
Insists that Neither Cross, Guillotine,
OallOTVH nor Electrlo Cliulr la
Able to Choke lllRhtcou
, . . Canei
8ALTM, Mass., Nov. 24. "If you think
us guilty, of murdering our sister, give us
death. History Will record our end. Wo
will go to a higher judgment seat and
millions of workers will toko up our flag
1 t, ..fA Jivin, In tin illicit'
of labor when wo drop in tho ditch.'
That, Ut substance, waB tho closing
theme of two of tho most remarkable
pleas over heard in a court room, when
Joseph J. Ettor and Arturo Giovannltti,
loaders in the textile strlko at Lawrence
lost winter, rose in the prisoners' cage
yesterday in tho Essex county court to
speak for themselves and their comrade,
Joseph Caruso, accused of tho murder of
Anna Loplzzo, who fell a victim of a
bullet in a strike riot last January,
nounced both men. Ho had spoken the
last word for tho commonwealth, cha r
Ing that the utterances oi Ettor nnd
Giovannltti to tho Lawrence strikers
wero treasonable: that such as they wcro
not needed in the commonwealth of
Massachusetts to aid In tho solution or
Its problems; that Instead of bolng phil
anthropists and apostles of peaco and
workers for the betterment of humanity,
to free government.
they were a menace
agents of mob rule, dcstroyeis of 'the
sovereignty of the state.
Tho defendants' lawyers went forward
to the bar and held a short conferenco
with Judgo Qulnn, informing him of tho
desire of tho prisoners to speak,
'ino Judge announced that under the
law of Massachusetts thiy could speak
to tho Jury, but ho warned them not to
discuss anything without tho bounds of
the evidence that had been Introduced in
the case.
Tried on A'lcnn, Xot Acts,
Ettor, half rising in his seat, nodded
assent and then roso to his feet. Every
eyo In the court room was upon him.
The usual crimson flush In his cheek
faded. Pale and quivering io stood for
i moment and then In a clear, belMIke
voice began to speak. Deliberately and
coolly ho analyzed his caso, declaring
that he had been tried not upon his acs,
but upon his views. Onco In his state
ment he hesitated, saying:
"Perhaps his honor, the court, will not
let mo say what I am about to say. It Is
In line with what I havo said about tho
agents of the mill owners planting the
dynamite in Lawrence and causing th.i
street car riots to discredit the strikcra,"
"You may proceed," said tho court, and
then Ettor declared, with emphasis that
"His sister, Glovannlttl's sister, Caruso's
sister, Anna Loplzzo," had been killed
as he believed, - as a result of auothnr
plot of the mill owners to break the
Ettor protested innocence of murder
or inciting to riot, not only for him
self, but for his comrades. Ho urged
that if the jury thought them guilty
they should be given ths death penalty,
not shut tip In prison where thoy could
not continue their work for the Deter
ment of the working class and ultimate
attainment of their Ideal, a condition
where laborers would earn all tho profit
J of hep ,ab)r H(J p,cturcJ
the cross,
the guillotine, the gallows and the electric
chair as unablo through all history to
choke a righteous cause and ended In a
plea for simple Justice.
As Ettor sat down scores of women
were weeping. Even men wero In tears,
among them leaders associated with tho
defendants In the Lawrenco strike.
Then atovannlttl rose from his place
beside his comrade. His face seemed
(Continued on Pago Two.)
No Intervention Will Save This
Accused Labor
Leadei: Proposed
, For Place in Italy
ROME, Nov. 21. Tho socialist union has
proclaimed tho cundldocy for tho chamber
of deputies of Arguro Giovannltti to rep
resent the constituency of Carpi, province
of Modcna, which scat is now vacant.
Giovannltti is now on trial together with
'Joseph Ettor' at Salom, Mass., on tho
i chargo of murder during tho Lawrence
. ..
Tho cxtrcmBta nro making efforts
..... .. Mfiunen or nublla onlnlon
tQ mucQ tno nMan government to bring
ro AmercaI, B0verniiiont
! ... .
to protect tho rights of tho two prisoners.
It Is announced that If Glovnnnlttl and
Ettor arc convicted a goneral strike will
bo proclaimed throughout Italy. Such a
movement, Jiowovcr, lias bcon a failure
In the pabt.
NEW YORK, Nov. 24. A week's cele
bration of tho thlrty-throo yoars' work In
"helping down-and-outcrs" to tho "up-ond-In-ranks"
was begun by the Bowery
mission at its llttlo brick chapel today
with song, prayer, anniversary sormon,
reminiscences and much feasting. The
latter, in whloh hundreds shared, was at
tho cKponso of "Mother" Borah IHrd and
Predorick Townsend Martin, nnd It marks
tho reopening this week of tho winter
t)rea'1 lln nt whlch a thouiiaiiil cold and
cnipiy Biomucun uru wunnru unu uncu
every midnight with hot coffee and rolls.
The brotherhood of tho mission now In
cludes about 30.000 men.
Tho frco labor bureau during tho last
live years has sent to permanent positions
more than 17,000 men.
HELENA, Mont., Nov. 24,-Roturns as
sembled on tho Initiative and referendum
measures submitted to Montana voters
at tho recent election havo determined
that tho measures providing for party
nominations for stato offices by direct
vote; limiting tho campaign expenditures
of candidates to IS per cent of the salary
for ono year of tho offlco for which each
Is a candidate; providing fortho direct
election or utiuou mates senators aim
for a popular expression of preference
for party candidates for president, car
ried by a margin of two to one.
CHICAGO, Nov, 24. Figures received
hero today by tho health department from
Washington, show that government stat
isticians pluco Chicago as tho most
healthful of the world's great cities. The
order in which tho cities stand, accord
ing to the death rate per 1,000 during the
last ten years, is:
Chicago, 14.7; London, 15.1; Berlin, 10.3;
Buenos Ayros, 10.4; Paris, 17.S; Phila
delphia, 17.0; Now York, 18.0; Vienna, 18.5;
St. Petersburg, 24.5; Moscow, 27.1; Cal
cutta, 31.
CHICAGO, Nov. 24. A letter from Mrs.
Emma Kraft of Cincinnati to John IS.
Koetters, sought In connection with her
murder a week ago, was discovered
waiting for the man In tho general do
llvcry section of the postofflco here to-
.!., on... 1ltir n,1ilrfRKMt tn "Mr. JroJc
Koetters. Chicago," was written a few
(..for. Mm tfr.ift win, round il vlnir
from a hammer blow In a hotel. Poster
flee officials opened It In the presence of
detectives and found It to be a typical
lovo letter, showing that the woman was
mfatuuted with Koetle.s.
Haywood and Barnes in Altercation
at Labor Federation Meeting.
Adjournment of Convention Taken
After Nunierous Resolutions Aro
Piisse,!! Pension to I2x
. - -Presidents Opposed. J
ROCHESTER, N. Y Nov. 2I.-A flstlo
encounter between William D. 'Haywood,
a leader of tha Industrial Workers of tho
World, and J. Mahlon Dames, who was
national campaign manager of tho re
cent fcoclnllst campaign, took placo lust
night In tho lobby of Convention hall
whllo tho j.mcrlcan Federation of Labor
was holding Its final session. Haywood
and Ilarnes mot just outsldo a door to
tho auditorium. The door was open and
President Oompors, on tho platform, saw
Haywood strlko Uarncs.
"A delegato to this convention hus bcon
Insulted by "Hlg Hill' Haywood," shouted
OomperH. "Delegates will keep tholr
seats and tha Wgoant-at-arms will re
move tho disturber."
Haywood ran Into tho street, followed
by several delegates. Ho took refuge In
u laundry and someono barred the door.
Policemen prevented further trouble.
Haywood was taken to police headquar
ters, but IlarneB declined to mako a
charge against him and ho was not held.
Ilurncs sal it Haywood had revived an
old dlsputo over tho merits of tho rival
bodies to which they belong. Ha said
uaywooa taunted mm with tho tinroat or
meifhurcs names had championed In the
convention. Ilarnes said ho Invited Hay
wood to tha floor of tho convention with
the remark that ho would "get his."
Haywood retorted by calling Ilarnes a
name and striking him.
tiomper Ite-lilecteil President.
Samuel (Jumpers was re-elected prcsl-
dent of tho federation this evening over
Max Hayes of tho International Typo-
grapmcui union, too vote was: uompers,
11.974; Hayes, C.074.
It was tho first time In ten years that
there had been opposition to aompcrs,
who has been re-elected annually slnco
1800. All other officers wero re-elected.
The convention defeated the United
Mlno Workers' resolution calling for a
referendum vote of tho federation's mem
bers In future elections.
ToMieattle Next Year.
Seattle wan chosen us tha 11113 meeting
place. '
In tho election tho only contest other
than that for the president was over the
third vice president. James O'Connell,
tho Incumbent, a member of the machin
ists' union, defeated AVllllam 11. John
ston, president of tho International
Brotherhood of Machinists, by 10.8C9 to
6,170. I
President Gompers, in accepting tho ro- 1
election, said In part: '
"If tho American Federation of Labor
makes any changes fundamentally lit
conflict with tho lifelong principles for
which I have fought, I shall go along
as a union man, but you will have to
choose another president." ;
John Mitchell, speaking after his re
election as a vice president, said that if
the contempt caso against President
Gompers, Becretary Morrison and him
self had been settled he would not have
accepted tha position and that if it Is !
settled before next year he will retire :
from active leadership. He did not give i
a reusqn for this doclslon. i
Oppose Rx-Presldeut Pensions.
After the disturbance In the night ses
sion, a resolution opposing the pensioning
-of "presidents of the United States, ex
. college
prcsldonts and ex-professorB of
political economy by private citizens
wus unanimously adopted.
There was no evening recess and after
tho election of officers the time was de-
(Continued on Pago Two.)
Thirty Thousand Eastern Working-
men Given Advance in Wages
Dating From May First.
Hold that Fublio Has More at Stake
Than Engineers.
Wage Commissions Advised to Con
sider Conditions.
Decision ItearlieA Holds foe Year
ntlh Sunte ( Interrarert I'nrtlra
31nklnjr A 1'romlne for
WASHINGTON, Nov. 3.-An award
that Is considered a partial victory for
tho 50,000 locomotive engineers In thcl '
controversy begun last January with tho
fifty-two railways oiraratlng In tha terri
tory oust of Chicago and north of Nov
folk and Cincinnati, wan annouiirvd licfe
today by tho Hoard of Arbitration which
Investigated tho questions at issue. It
grants certain JncrctuuMl compensate i
nnd Improved and uniform rules of sow
loo rnquosted by tho ouglneorB, but holds
thnt a goneral lncroaso of wages on all
reads In not warranted upon tho basis
of tho ovldenco presented.
Tho Iwaril found that on somo roads
and for certain classes of servlco, tbv
compoufutlon was too small and, there
foro lntroduanl Into tho award tho prln
clplo of a minimum wago for tho entire
district. Tho award, which dates back
to May 1 last, nnd Will stand for ono
year, sottloa tho most Important Ameri
can labor dlsputo submitted slnco tho
anthrnclto coal strlko In 1902.
Ill Its report tho board MUggestV tht
creation of federal and stato wage com
mtpslons which shall cxerclso functions
regarding labor engaged upon public
utilities, analogous to thosu cxerclstd
with regard to capital by tho puhlU
service commissions already In exist
ence. Tho rcprcscniativo oi inu cir
noors on tho board, 1. , H. Morrlssey,
dissented from this suggestion, which
ho sold, In Its effect virtually meant
compulsory arbitration nnd was wholly
l'uhtlo Interested Party.
Tho bourd points out that a rollroa I
strlko for tho great contors of the Vnltud
Btatcs can no longer bo consldorcd tu
a matter whloh primarily affects tho
railroad operators and employe. Whllu
It does affoct them seriously the pub
lic Is far more deeply Interested: Indeed
tho Interests of tho publlo so far ex
ceed thoso of tho parties to tho con
troversy, says tho report, as to rondor
litem paramount. It Is therefore Ini
tio rat lvo that somo other way bo found
to sottlo differences between railroads
and their employes than by strike, the
report says. In this connection tho
gains secured through tho Erdmiin act
and tho Canadian Industrial disputes act
are discussed, and whllo thusa acts art.
found to havo merits thoynre held by
tho hoard to bo Inadequate to meet tho
In many ways tho railroads p subject
to tho Interstato Commerce cotiimlsslou
and various stuto commissions. Tho snmei
Is not true of tho employes of thd rnll
roadH; tho board Bnya. Tills disparity
of status suggests tho creation of fed
eral and stato wago commissions, which
shall exercise functions regulating labor
cngagod In work upon publlo utilities
analogous to thoso exercised with re
gard to capital by tho publlo service
commissions already In existence.
lriblTH in r'nninlex,
"It Is woll understood by tho board,"
tho report says, "that tho problem for
which tho above plan la a suggested so
lution Is a complex and difficult ono.
Tho suggestion, however, grows out ol
a profound conviction that the food and
clothing of our people, the industries and
tho general wolfaro of tho nation, can
not bo permitted to depend upon tha
policies and tho dictates of any particu
lar group of men, whether employers or
employes, nor upon tho determination ot
a group of'simployers andi employes com
bined. The public utllltlcsof the nation
aro of such fundamental Importance to
tho wholo people that their operation
must not be interrupted, and means must
be worked out which will guarantee this
Tho report Is signed without resorva
by Charles R, Van Hlsc, Madison, Wis ,
The Value of
Want Ads
Tho Want Ad Columns of
Tho Beo aro iu reality tho
Selling Market for tho
people of this city. At no
other placo in no other
way is it possible to
satisfy so many wants as
hero. Do you wantaPosi
tion, an Employe, a Bar
gain, a Business Chance
do you want a Boarder or
"Roomer or have you a
IIouso, Flat, Apartment,
TCcal Estate, to rent or
sell f No matter what you
want tho Classified col
umns of this paper will
satisfy you. Try, and bo
Tyler 1000

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