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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, May 15, 1913, Daily Sport Extra, Image 9

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! II
How Volcanoes Produce Refrigerating
llankets Scientifically Explained
Eruption of Katmai in Alaska Last Year Lowered Earth
Temperature 10 Per Cent Similar Occurrences Before
Gowns for the StylishGirl
Morning1, Afternoon and Evoning
If. In the mlddlo of a hot summer
night, a chill breezo suddenly enters bed
room windows, the sleepers awaken, with
a ehlvsr, and pull up a sheet to ro
utore their comfort
by restraining the
escape of bodily
Tho earth, ac
cording to the re
sults of recent In
vestigations, some
times does prac
tically the same
thing, but In a re
verse way, using
Its blanket to pro
mote Instead of to
prevent the escape
.Ana, most re
markable thing of all, the earth obtains
Its cooling blanket from volcanoes 1 It
la as If the globe were a gigantlo gnome
who, finding himself uncomfortably
warm, opens a maglo bottle, out of which
Issues a refrigerating cloud.
Most readers will remember the great
eruption of the Katmai volcano In
Alaska early last year. It was one ot
the grandest displays' of volcanic forces
on record. The top ot tho mountain was
blown off, as a cork Is shot out of a
champagne bottlo; volcanic smoke and
dust were hurled many miles high In the
atmosphere, thousands nt square miles
of the surrounding land and sea were
burled under white ashes, and wherever
the mighty cloud passed overhead Im
penetrable night prevailed.
The dust that" reached an elevation
above the level at which rain' and snow
clouds are formed was borno swiftly
round the earth, and within a few months
It presence was detected all over the
northern hemisphere by Its restraining
effect upon the light and heat rays of
the sun. A fall of temperature resulted
and a cool summer followed.
If this experience were an Isolated or
Unprecedented one, the conclusions that
have been drawn from It would be less
convincing than they now appear to be.
But the same thing has happenedat least
three times wlthtn the memory ot the
In ' 1883 occurred the tremendous ex
plosion of the volcano Krakatoa In the
Cast Indies, In which not only a moun
tain, but an entire Island was demolished.
The' sounds of that explosion were
actually heard, like the booming of dis
tant artillery, 8,000 miles away, and It
sent) sea waves completely across the
Faciflo ocean! It blew mlllronsof tons
of dust into tho upper atmosphere, and
this dust, circling rapidly round the
earth, produced for several years after-
ward the most magnificent sunsets that
have ever been known.
But this was not all. During. 1SS4. 1SS5
and 1858 careful thermometrlc observa
tions showed everywhere a lowering ot
the general temperature amounting to
several degrees below the average. This
Is now ascribed to the screening effect
of the volcanic dust In the air.
In 1903 the slumbering volcano of Mont
Pelee In Martinique was uncorcked, with
the most terrible consequences to the In
habitants ot that beautiful Island, 30.000
of whom perished, almost In an Instant,
from the blast of withering tire that
swept the city of St. Pierre out ot ex
istence. Pelee also blew its vast dust
clouds Into the upper air.
And during the following year they
produced the customary effects by screen
ing off tho solar light and heat and
causing a notable lowering of the tem
perature of the earth.
Now, to return to the eruption of Kat
mai, which, being the most recent oc
currence of this magnitude, lias been the
most carefully studied. Prof. C. Q. Ab
bot of the Smithsonian Institute, reports
that being In Algeria last year, he found
the sky obscured to such a degree by
volcanic haze, which ' he does not doubt
proceeded from Katmai, that the mean
temperature was lowered several degrees,
and he calculates that over the whole
northern temperate zone the available
solar heat wns diminished 10 per cent
from this cause.
Prof. W. J. Humphreys explains the
action of the volcanic dust blankets In
this way: "The fine dust scatters the
short waves of light and heat proceeding
from the sun, but has little, If any, ef
fect upon tho longer thermal waves
radiated4 from the earth, which pass
through the dust, and escapes Into outer
space without obstruction. The conse
quence Is that the earth's radiation of
heat gets out more easily than the tun's
radiation can get In, and thus the equi
librium of temperature at the earth's sur
face Is upset and the earth grows colder.
He even suggests that the mysterious
glacial epochs ot past time, when Ice
covered what are now some of the rich
est lands of the northern hemisphere,
may have been Induced by volcanic dust
blankets more extensive and more Im
penetrable than any. that have been
thrown round the globe within hlstorlo
Are these studies and speculations worth
while? Most surely they are. Perhaps
wo shall never be able to Interfere with
such tremendolis exhibitions ,of nature's
' powers, -but. even bo, it Is ouMntellectual
duty to understand them. Our physical
existence Is the least of the gifts be
stowed upon us.
Dorothy Dix's Article
on Henpecked
M Should Is Head
Of Nfusi-Ue Who
Bares Not Gail Soul
His Own Finds Mar
riage a Prison. :
Recently a Chicago man applied for a
divorce from his wife on the grounds that
his better half was In the habit of beat
ing him and cruelly mistreating him.
"he Judge before
whom th taoo -Ksa
triediarBeflai ibatf
... r t hfl p3&CO&3
story of uw Buffer
ings) ot this poor,
helplosa husband at
the bands of a
strenuous wife, and
refused htm tho
protection of tho
Tour wife cruel
to your thundered
the Irate justice on
the bench. "It la
your own fault, sir.
Take hold ot her
and make, her be
have. It Is the
man's business to
be the head of the house."
It is easy enough to say that the man
Sequel To
Love For
Maternal Instinct Greatly Developed by
Teaching Children to Love their Dolls.
The little child's doll Is mother to the
most romantic fairy. And In the years
that pass, the doll fades Into the petals
of a June rose, to erolre the most won
drous ot all transformations.
And sow comts a more serious period
should be
when the lor of real motherhood
as tranquil as best effort can proTtde.
This Is accozapllihtd with a wonderful
remedy known as Mother's Friend, an ex
ternal application so penetrating In Its
nature as to thoroughly lubricate every
cord, nerve, muscle and tendon la vol red.
There will be no pala, none of that
nausea or morning sickness, no sensation
ef distress or strain ot expanding mutclea.
The nerves, too, will bo calm, thus making
the period one of restful days, of peaceful
nights and a source ot happiest anticipation.
The young, expectant mother must b care
fully watchful lest she become absorbed In
those mental distresses which Illy prepare
her for the most Important eTent In her lit.
Mother's Friend enables ber to avoid all
sensation of dread, worry or pain, and thus
be Is preserved In health and strength to
take up the Joyful task of motherhood.
Tou will find Mother's Friend on sale at
11 drug stores at 11.00 a bottle. Do not fall
to use It regularly as directed. Write to-day
to Bradfleld Regulator Co., 135 Lamar Bldg.,
Atlanta. Ca., for their most valoable lime
. jpUd book for expectant mothers.
should be the head at tho house, but
how Is he to achieve and hold the execu
tive chair when his wife Is a candidate
for the same exalted place? Before
marriage every man .expects to manage
his wife. After marriage he knows he Is
lucky enough If he can keep her from
managing him. In all the world there Is
no" problem so helpless and so hopeless
as that of trying to make a woman be-
! have when she doesn't behave right of
' Vi t wn ai.nn1 ntid tVi InricA atin nil.
vises a man to tackle the Job Is giving
him a task beside which the labors ot
Hercules were mere child's ploy.
How, for Instance, Is a man going to
make a woman behave who has a tabasco
temper and a tongue that blisters as it
wags 7
You can't reason with a shrew. The
only argument that a termagant ever
listens to Is a knockdown and dragout
one, and unhappily the conventions of
good society do not permit a gentleman
to beat his wife, no matter how much he
would like to, nor how she needs It.
There arc thousands and thousands ot
men who are noble, and good, and physl
tally brave, but who spend the entire
years of their married life trembllnr be
fore a virago.
I have known men, genial, kind, and
who loved the society of their fellows,
yet who. If kept a moment beyond thn
hour they were expected home, would
cower like a whipped schoolboy as they
put their latch key In the lockr and
thought of the awful wigging they were
about to get.
I know a man, fond of good living,
who, at his dyspeptic wife's stern ad
monition, "Dear," drops his fork upon
his plate as If the tidbit he had been
carrying to his mouth had suddenly be
come potaon. I know men, generous and
hospitable, who would no more dare to
take a friend home with them to dinner
than they would to commit any other
crime that was punishable with being
flayed alive.
How is a man going to make his wife
behave when she is ruining him with
her extravagance? Of course, he can
legally avoid paying her bills, by giving
publlo r.otlce that he will not be re
sponsible tor her debts, but such a
course brands ber with disgrace and
touches his honor. Very few men have
the hardihood to adopt this plan, but
every year our graveyards and our
asylums are being filled with men who
have worked themselves Into the grave,
or paresis, trying to stem the tide of
their wives' wasteful, wilful extrava
gance. Before her husband's entreaties to be
economical, such a woman sulks, to bis
lemonitrance at her extravagance she
retorts that he Is stingy, while If he at
tempts to restrain her she avenges her.
self With such a shower of complaints
and reproaches because she can't have
things like Mrs, Bumon, or Mrs, Croesus,
that be retires defeated to his store or
Sending Messages and Carrying Them
Copyright, 181S, International News
It U, of course, very necessary that
when you are entrusted with a message
you shall deliver It to the right party In
the least possible space ot Mint.
Tho man, however, who entrusts an
other with a mes-
become different
sage has a duty to
perform quite as
much ns the man
who Is given one.
There are men
who con never ret
messages carried,
and other men there
be who Inspire mes
sengers Mth loyalty,
fidelity nud courage.
It Is n somewhat
curious thing that
the most able men
aro never good
teach n . s. "The
great teacher," says
Emerson, "Is not
the mm who sup
plies the most facts
but the one In
whose presence we
Toom uch Individuality repels, over
awes, subduos. An overpowering per
sonality Is a wlllopus-wallopus In other
words, n steam roller that flattens any
thing and everybody In the Vclnlty.
In the United Etatea there are a few
merchants who are discoverers ot genius,
but moat are served by tho ni'dlocre, not
to mention the time-server, tho flunky,
the hypoortte and the lickspittle.
One great merchant In the United
States lives In history, not only because
ho was a great mercant, but because he
discovered to tho world fully half a doten
other great merchants. That Is, he took
young men, gave them an opportunity,
and under his beneflclent guiding influ
enco these country boys bloomed and
When you expect a messenger to de
liver a massage It Is well not to hamper
him with too many Instructions, nor scare
him Into Innocuoua desuetudo by retailing
the dangers that he will encounter, de
scribing for him the punishment he will
receive If he falls to deliver the message.
It Is a great man who knows whsn to
place reliance in another, to relegate and
delegate and keep discipline out ot sight.
To let one line of figures at the bottom ot
tho balance sheet tell the tale. This is
Of course, If you repose ccntldence In
the wrong man you will rue it, but genius
turns on selection. Big men. nowadays,
are big because they get others to do
their work.
Napoleon said: "I win my battles with
my marshals." And then when he was
asked where he got hta marshals, he
said: "I make them out of mud."
What he meant waa that he took
obscure men and lifted them Into posi
tions of prominence by throwing respon
sibility on them,
The coat of this khaki tailor-made ,1s qut long
and 1b belted at the waist. The skirt opens a lit
tle at tho front seam and Is slightly drnpod. Large
pockets and many rows of machine stitching trim
the coat; tho collar Is of brown volvot. The even
ing gown illustrated is carried out in peach-colored
charmeuse. This tunic and corsage aro veiled
in rich lace, which fallB very simply and grace
fully. The skirt is caught up in front with a
bunch of silk rosea In a vloux-blue shade. Tho
third gown, which Is for afternoon wear, is fash
ioned of light bluo charmeuse, tho skirt being
draped over a foundation of similar material. The
bodice, which Is finished with a row of buttons on
one side and button holos on the other, reveals a
chemlsotte of lawn and lace. A collar ot block
net gives a charmingly chlo touch.
office, there to try to mint his very life
into money enough to supply her de
Or how Is the man to make the woman
behave who Is' merely silly and childish?
But whose folly Is tho millstone around
the neck of her husband that drags him
down Into the sea of failure?
Everybody will admit ttyit tho man
who is married to a woman who needs
managing ought to manage her, but It
Is one ot the most pathetlo truths ot life
that In a family conflict It Is always the
noblest and best that Is crushed under
foot. In the end It Is the brute that
But why should there be nny one head,
either mala or female, to a house? Mar
riage Is not autocracy. It Is a democ
racy. The wife Is Just as much Inter
ested In the success of the family, she
has given as much to It, her happiness
Is Just ns much wound up In It as the
husband's Is, Way should, she not have
Just as much voice In ruling It?
A man thinks he has the right to
govern the home and rule his wife be
cause he supplier the money that run
the establishment, but, even so, If he
gave every cent he earned he would give
no more than the woman who spends her
days In cleaning and cooking and sewing
and her nights In anxious thoughts and
watching of him and his children Women,
to their credit, be It said, seldom con-
clously assume this role of boss of the
family, and when they do they have the
grace to be ashamed of It and not to brag
about It, whereas, If a man can tyrannize
over some poor little woman, he spends
his time crowing over the achievement
Personally, I believe that the head of
the house theory has brought about more
domestic misery than any other one
The man who dares not call his soul
bis own can find marriage nothing but a
prison. The woman who has to give an
account of every act and thought, and
ask permission, like a child, for every.
thing she does, must also find It a police
Jail, where she Is always expecting to
be sentenced, and get the full extent of
the law. The Ideal family relatlonshln
Is where the husband and wife reign
as twin monarchs, with equal authority
and with equal respect for each other'r
rights and privileges.
In the meantime, If the Chicago Judge
holds that a man should be the' head of
his house, an anxious world would Ilka
to know how he Is to do It
California's Beautiful Daughter Found
Note the loyalty and lbve of BcrtranC.
who followed his master to St. Helena,
giving up home, religion, fnmlly and all
ot his own private Interests that he might
serve his master even refusing to leave
h'a master when he was dead, but re
maining at St. Helena In order that his
own dust might mingle In the grave with
this man he loved.
Anyone who can Inspire another with
such love cannot be obliterated by thn
reratch of the pen or the shrug of h
' Napoleon certainly had neMtnallty; at
the same time ho did not utf It to de
i stroy the personality of others,
' Oreat Is the man supremely1 treat
who does not bestride tho najiow world
like a colossus and cause other men to
run and peep about under his huge legs
to find themselves .dlshonorablo graves.
The world Is big enough tor all of us,
and a very good slogan Is: "Make room'
Make room!" And If you ire bound to
Rive an order, let It be thUr "Open up
1 that gangway!"
nen Llndsey has entrusted a thousand
boys, each with a mesage, and the m s
sage he gave them was their commitment
These boys carried the message, ind
out of the thousand a scant half-dorn
proved derelict. And Just remember thit
all of these boys belonged to the "crimi
nal classl"
Let us here quote Napoleon again, who
said; "Tho criminal class? Ah, yes. 1
fight my battles with the criminal cICsi'"
To entrust a mesage to a messenger
With the full confidence that he will io
naught else but deliver It to the ptoper
person, and this expeditiously. Is a fine
art that, employers would do well to ac
quire. A trusted messenger is fine, but a
trusting employer Is finer still.
A breath ot suspicion will taint the
whole fabrlo ot mist. If Den Lindner
doubted that his boys would go whtro
they were sent, very few ot them wnu'd
ever reach tho Iron gates and hear ihpJr
clanging welcome.
The secret of Ben Llndsey'a succeis Is
simple; he believes In his boys. And thst
Is why the boys believe In him.
Ben Llndtey klralng the cheek ot a bad
boy and sending the lad away to ptlson
alone, unattended, uncoerced, ia a finer
thing to me than Napoleon'a habit of
pulling down the head of one ot his mar
shals and kissing the bearded cheek.
"Know thyself!" eald Socrates.
"Trust thyself!" said Emerson.
"Trust others!" said Ben Lindsay.
When President MoKlntey gavt that
message to llowan he trusted Itowan la
carry It. There were no Instruction, no
threats, no Implied doubts, no Injunction
Itowan asked no questions; neither did
The big man Is not the man who wanls
to live not only his own life but the" lite
of others, but he is great who repoies
faith In others, and thus brings out tho
b st that Is In them, that which was often
before ungUessed.
Miss EmmaDeVelasco-
.Poster Girl of the Pfcrtola Festival
Photo by Gco.G.Fraser S.V.
Her Best Investment
It the young girls who are start
ing out with hearts that alternate be
tween hope and fear were to ask all the
sweet-faced old women they know this
question, "What Is the best Investment
for a girl to make?" can you Imagine
their answer?
I am very sure It would not be "In the
love of man," for man's love Is attended
iby much toll and regret and pain,
i Neither would it be "In saving your
'money," for the sweet-faced old women
have found out that there Is much more
worth while.
It Is your mother, little girl, who loves
you when no one will, and whose lovo
lasts as long as she lives. Her love Is
not dependent on your wit, your beauty,
your accomplishments or your worth
In financial returns. She loves you be
cause It Is you; she would love you if
you were all that Is repellant and hideous
In face and character.
It Is the luve of a sister that smoothes
over the rough places that even a mother
can't comprehend. Her youth makes her
a more sympathetic listener to the trials
of youth, and It Is the only love left In
the wreck of the home when mother has
left It forever.
There Is an understanding In a sister's
love a sympahty, a guidance and
strength. If two sisters love each other,
and each gives to the other the fullest
confidence, so long as that confidence
Is given without reserve neither sister
will go astray. A young girl can make
no better Investment than In the love
ot an older sister, for the older sister,
having to recently trod the same path,
knows all the pitfalls on the way, An
older sister can make no better Invest
ment than In the love of the girl who Is
younger, for the initiation that fte is
the guide make her cautious ot her own
The best Investment, girls, Is not In
the love of the man who woos you to
day and forgets you tomorrow. It Is an
Investment you will make. The voice ot
nature commands It, but In making this
Investment, don't, slight the love that
will last longer, and that Is the love of
mother and sister.
Poets In Prosaic Baalneaa,
"Almost every business now has a
poet connected with It"
"Tea; the bakad bean people use 'em,
so do the breakfast food factories. And
today I met one working In a real as
state office and talking to prospective
purchasers about love In a saml-dstaohed
cottage."-aulkVUl Courier-Journal
The prettiest girl In all the Golden
state has been discovered by the Portnla
festival committee. She Is Miss Emma
de yelasco, native daughter, She will be
the poster girl of the big festival to be
held In San Francisco October 22-15 next.
In which the Pacific coast will celebrate
the 400th anniversary ot the discovery ot
the Pacific by Vaaco Nunes de Balboa
Bom In Los Angeles and educated
there and at the Santa Monica High
school, this California girl has lived In
6 an Francisco alnct 1903. Not only Is she
beautiful, but she la charming and tal
ented as well, being a musician ot note,
who has aung at many private concerts.
Bbe Is a business girl, too, being private
secretary to on of the most Important
lumber dealers ot the Pacific coast.
Miss dt yelasco, whose home is at Slid
Buchanan street, San Francisco, waa
born March 22, 18S8. Her mother, who
was Miss Amalla Laglar Lels, Is ot Ger
man extraction, Her father, Henry de
Yelasco, was born In Venesuela and fin
ished bis education at Stonyhurst col
lege, England. He has held California his
home for the last thirty years. Ife served
as captain In the war between Poru,
Bolivia and Chile In 1879, winning distinc
tion. Miss de Velasco's charming personality
has made her exceptionally popular In
the social life of more than one Cali
fornia city. In Los Angeles she was a
member ot the Theta Sigma sorority. Iu
San Franclscp she Is a member ot the
Entre Nous and L'Amlstad cotillions,
She Is also a member ot. th Catholic
Ladles' Aid society.
Pontiao's War
.i . .r
Pontiao's war, a movement which a
one time threatened the English rule In
America, began 1M years ago May S, ITU,
Pontlao, like Napoleon, will alwaya re
main a most Intar-
eating character.
The Ottawa chUf
was, In fact, tht Na
poleon ot the red
men the greatest
Indian, many claim,
of whom we 'i'ov
any knowledge.
Inspired by the de
sire to save hj'i na
tion from extinction
at the hands pf the
English, whom be
hated as cordially as
he loved the Frensh,
Pontlao toured the entire country -a the
attempt to unite the red men against h
"dogs dressed In red," as he' called the
soldiers of the British king.
Nor was he unsuccessful In his laborn.
By his burning seal and wonderful elo
quence he succeeded In forming u con
federation of the tribes against the vonv
mon foe, and It waa secretly agreed tc
fall Upon all the British posts simultane
ously, Eight forts were captured, by
strategem or valor, and at one time 't
looked as though the league was gotn? to
make good. Within a fortnight from the
outbreak of hostilities every British post
west of Oswego was In th hauls ..f the
Indians and hundreds ot whites h - .'Hi
But the red men then lackd tho v..'.t
man's genius for organization, and it.e:
the Ineffectual siege of Detroit the In
diana, disagreeing among themsetVuii, be
gan to desert tbe alliance, and a treaty
was signed.
Pontine, still unconquerable, fled to the
hunting grounds of Illinois, where he
managed to prolong the conflict for a
considerable period, but finally he fell al
the hands of an assassin and the wat
It Is said that tho Indian who murdered
Pontlao at Cahokla waa bribed to ih
commleslon ot the deed by the promise ot
a barrel of whisky.
For Xlie Nervotis Woman,
Or the woman vrbo experience hot flashes nothing it o food to soothe, quiet
and oalm tho nervous system as a para lyoerio extract of native aaaeVcal plants,
uai made without alcohol, whloh ha been told by drutiUt fr kbe past forty
rears, and most favorably known as Doctor Pierce's Favorito Freocrifstkm. In
rounder years tome women snSef Iron dlzrlness, or alatla spsHi, hysteria,
ocaduoho, bearing -down feellaft and pata. All theta ymptosa of irregularity
ind female disturbance are relieved by the use ot tb.lt famoat " Prescription "
or Doctor Pierce.
As powerful, tnri go rating tonic " Favorito Preectiptio " imparts- ttresth
to the whoto system, tad ia parttotlar to the orjana dlsWtty feminine.
teachers, mllUaere, dreecaeekert, unmirrws:, "aboa-Jlrtc,"
ho uo-keepers, BnBt' mothers, sad fceble wemew ieaertMy,
it Is an ex cell cot eppcetaJaJ' Mmel mi restBottr teate.
was caBsd letrarsneaB." write Mas. Ltsu KoDom
iia of Msoosts. Mich.. Route L I had narrvos ehflb aad aamb sus
aad thy would lesra me very weak. Then I Ms tyslsinTiisnVsi sad ttie
doctor sU I had a ftcatfng kttney. I deecored wnb moatka with our
his nmuciDa.
not had aay i
than for rears.
funflr nhnlrlan. lis sau 1 weuu bar u
stopped tckinr his ndfciB. After taMpc mre battles e
bars to have an opeimyoa. Thn I
taMuar tua kottU of Dr. FUru'i
-.odlctao 1 inn pot bad my nrrooa ihiit ot wsik speB. I am aetur
Ha. IsVaDwisiJfc
Mr diuhtar is now taktar ttta 'Preantattnn' ea4 Ptatei'a
ucuai Haaieai LnsoeTtry, am w rw- nw imTiwsaiss aae. waaic,
tired f m! lor. The raoadi M ni4 av aner so ineae, ia a seen
Uma. wa nave eras xi at ywsr bmhhm :
C Punt's fUmmt Attftfi i

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