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r I Copyright, lill, toy the Star Company. Great Britain Righto Reserrefi. jbbbB9b mHBsBr d0HHHiBBIPlMc2naH99 flflseMBBmBBmsm ml NOT ABOVE THE LAW AFTER ALL! Our Highly Romantic and Emotionally Unrestrained Tenors and Prima Donnas Cruelly Worried by the Sentencing of Carl Burrian to One Month's Imprison ment for Stealing Another Man's Wife "Cm k Ihr tkat the musical bars that "have interposed between the 'song birds' and ordi nary punishment arc to he turned into real cells, At any rate Mr. Carl Burrian, the bril liant tenor, sentenced to a month's imprisonment, feels that it is better to be on the out side fazing in than on the medio gazing out at the lovely faces that placed him there." polltan Opera House. Ho bad broken his contract to sing at the Royal Opera Houbo In Dresden. THE npws that Carl Burrian. tho famous tenor, had been sentenced to a month's Imprisonment tor running away with another man's wife has fallen like a bombshell In musical circles. If all the songbirds who have discarded conventions ire te be tieotod In tho samo way, It will scarcely be possible to conduct grand opora at tho Metropolitan Opera House la Now York or anywhere else. The court at Dresden, Saxony, imposed this sen teaee upoa Burrian for running away with the pretty wife ef Adolf Dlagels, a Dresden merchant. In jhIh eeateaee the Judge sail it was made light ,lt view of the fact that Mrs. Dtegels was living unhappily with br ausbeaft when she met Burrian. Tho senteaco con veyea aa mtlmatloa that o4feos of this kind would be ieatt with more severely la future. Dees thle portead that grand opora singers are to be aela severely to the common codo of morality? Are their essoUonal natures to bo starved? Are they to be eaied the warn sympathy which they crave, Irrespec tive sf Marriage and contracts? Are they to bo crippled in the expression of their toolings? "We must have freo expression for our emotions' is the ringer's explanation, "Our art is bound up with the sympathetic nervous system that Is to say, with Use emotional lite. The art of music appeals primarily to the emotional centres, and tho mora they are stlmu l&ted the greater becomes the artist's power of-musical expression and, especially, of vocal expression. To starve tho emotional centres would make it Im possible to sing well. "In operas such as 'Tristan and Isolde,' 'Lohengrin,' Tannhauser and others thero are many passages where tho singer reaches the climax of emotional feel ing. It is difficult to distinguish the artist's sensations from the sensations of ordinary life. To deny tree ex pression of the emotions to such a singer in his private lito would be absurd. The singer cannot be like, ordi nary cold-blooded men and women." As a result of this state of mind and emotions the prinolpal artists of grand opora bavo swapped wives and husbands and appropriated those of others with a rapidity that is quite bewildering. But Saxony has decided that such omotlonal free dom is not necessary to a singer. It says that it ho takes somebody elso's wife in an absent-minded man ser, be must go to prison like tin ordinary business man. Now, Saxony is a country that haB given years to educating grand opera singers, and la tar more mu sically developed than the United States, It is near the home of Wagner. If Saxony thinks it best to put the affection of opera under leeal restraint, why should not the United States? Perhaps a prison sentence will have as much deter Kat effect on singers as on ordinary persons. Mr. Carl Bijrrian looking from inside tho prison bars at the beautiful forms that have aroused his emotions may reteet that it would have been bettor to restrain him self sad stay outside. The argument cited about singers needing emotional liberty for tbe benefit of their voices satlifles many, Jrwt there are students of voice culture who find a de lect la it They say that it the singer was compelled to bottle up the emotion aroused by a fair face he couM put more of it in his voice. Thus Saxony's law may improve the singing of the operatic artists who are still outside. Car) Burrlan's case was the most remarkable of the may exhibit loss of the extemely emotional musical temperameat we have bad. Ia 1911 he came to this eeeatrr to stag le "Tristan and Isolde" at the Metro- With him was a beautiful young woman, tho wife ot Adolf Dlngols, of Dresden. When questioned about his companion, Burrian replied: "She is my beautiful secretary and always travels with mo. Sho cannot sing at all, but her beauty makes up for everything elso sho may lack. "We ace not married. We are companions in love. I love ay secretary blindly, madly, passionately; but we are sot to bo wed. I have been married and have a son tea years old. Mrs. Dlngels and I will travel to gether forever." An ordinary unmusical foreigner under these cir cumstances would have been held up and sent to EIUs Island, but Burrian and his beautiful secretary got through. Tho most admirable of Burrlan'B performances Is his singing of tha "llebostod" song in "Tristan and Isolde," which is probably the most moving ptoco ot love muslo ever composed. Young Mrs, Dlngols'a determination to leave her prosaic husband dated from the first moment she hoard that song. Burrian saw her and recipro cated her toolings. They bogan domestic lite at once. Mr. Dlngels threatened to kill Burrian and actually prevented him from singing at Prague and other places by this threat. Later he obtained a divorce. Burrian had a wlto at tho time, a singer known as Madamo Jelllnok. Sho obtained $3,000 a year alimony from him, to his great indignation, for artists, though liberal with their emotions, are not always so with their money. His wlfo proved that his income was at least 158,000 a year. Burrian was doprlved of all his official honors In Saxony as a result of his conduct Later a law was passed making abduction of a married woman a crime, and under this .he was convicted. Burrian now says that tho King of Saxony had this law passed out of splto becauso ho had loft tho King's opera house. Burrian has been the central figure, it not the hero ot many exciting episodes. Ho was arrested tor debt at Marienbad, whero he was going to sing "Siegfried" before King Edward, and his property and costumes sotted. Five years ago one of his previous wives died while ho was singing in New York. Sho died suddenly ot ptomaine poisoning. Tho news waB taken to him while ho waa singing at tho opera. Ho burst into tears and was unable to finish this performance. It is said that ho eloped with this wife whan she was nineteen. In February of this year his beautiful companion, Mrs. Dlngels, died suddenly in New York. He wept copiously over her bier and then pasaed on to fill en gagements in Europe. 'How many wives baa Burrian had?" now becomes an interesting pursle. The amatory and emotional troubles of Enrico Caruso, the world's greatest tenor, bavo become very familiar. Caruso says ho has never been married. It appears to be his little weakness to promise marriage. Five years ago a comely young Italian woman arrived at his hotel in New York with a trunk and announced that she was his wlft. Ho strongly denied it Two years ago a young assistant in a Milan flower store sued him for breach of promise ot marriage. He had cer tainly made some very flowery promises to her. Still more recently Madame Trentlnl, the singer, an nounced that he had promised to be hers. Onco more he denied It, and she replied that he was a monkey. The disregard of legal ties and the unrestrained in dulgence of emotion are by no means confined to the men on tho operatic stage. Madame Eames, the gifted dramatic soprano, a woman ot New England Puritan LBMia-y- , ' 1!: Vi.lih,ra4SmBMflBBmBmw uv I-. W 4VW Ua. i -"Smm xKVtJ.W' .-KMC .f ..aBKejW . . ea - rmsjswajsmMMeBlUIWHHHHBBH gST- WmfJLT JLTL"" .- -J- -mm wife: I was all for atoadv. hard work, so that we I .BflKSHH j- "iShe told me that sho loved' the other man, and HHMjjjjMHSH 'Yia ii ti j$-- - " , mlK I agreed -to set her free. And because he is peer sBilHHlSCplStlHiH MfPffk''- IBCeFmasP nRTe slycn URr' Bne asked that I provide for her BeKS jB - - BBt4flmFHflmafcr c vuvuqii few tuaiu imu vmw w w mBmBmBmBmaBBBBmtBVBBYVHRm3GBmHBmBmBBmBmw stock; was married to Julian Story, tho artist The voice of Emillo di Gogorza, who sings sentimental songs with, marvellous feeling, appealed to her strongly,, and, of course, she could not live without him. The critics observed that the groat soprano, In whoso voice a cer tain coldness was a defeat, sang with more foaling after meeting Gogorza. ' She .obtained a divorce from hor husband. Gogoraa had a wife, and it is understood that she received $100,000 to give him up. That Madame Eames intended to marry Qogorza was known long before he was free It seems that a law like tha one they have in Saxony would have been a hindrance to this highly emotional artistic couplo. Madamo Marie B&ppold, the brilliant prima donna of the Metropolitan Opera House, has Just given hersolt the luxury of a new husband. Sho waB previously mar ried to Dr. Julius O. Rappold, an estimable phyBiolan, with a modost praotico In Williamsburg, which is rather a long way from the fashionable Quarter ot Now York. For eighteen years they lived together. As Madamo Rappold rose in tho musical world Will iamsburg seemed more and more distasteful to her cultivated senses. Then a night oame when she sang Els te the Lohengrin ot Rudolf Berger, a romantic, handsome tenor. She went to Colorado, where divorces are obtained easily, and the modest Dr. Rappold was cut adrift. "Our wedded life was a rosy dream until my wtfe had oper atie aeplratless,"' said Dr. Rap- . pold. "It Is better to go to war than marry a female genius," Madame Rappold and Rudolf Berger vers married in the course ef an automobile trip into New Jersey. Tho prima donna described how Bho came to fall in love; W Aims' tapont "Madame Eames, the brilliant soprano of Nan England Puritan stock, whose Marguerite is unsur passed, was thrilled by the voice of Emilio di Go gorza, and though she had a husband and. be a wife, that did not prevent her from making him hers." "From the very first moment we met we wore in lovo genuinely, beautifully, earnestly in love. 1 wasted no tlmo in telling my husband of my now-found happiness. Wo had already found our lives uncon genial, and my life was empty, savo in tho love I had for my llttlo daughter Lillian." Tho law they have in Saxony would have done much to spoil that romance. Orvllle Harrold. ono of the most brilliant young tenors ever born in America, has divorced his young wife in order to marry tho beautiful prima donna Lydla Locke. Ho had threo young children. "When Orvllle was Just a plain country boy, driving a coffin wagon in Munlce, Ind.. ho was the best hus band a woman could wUh, but luxury, fame and the society ot these artists havo spollod him" said the young wife tearfully. "If a woman cannot grow with her husband it is better that they should part," was Mr. Harrow's ox plauatlon ot the matter. It Is only fair to say that the artist's unconvention ally does not alwaya consist in taking some other body's wlfo or husband. Carl Jorn, who la also a heart-moving Lohengrin, learned that his wlfo was deeply In love with a handsome young military dentist in Berlin n&mod Dr. Miederer. Tenor Jorn gave her a small fortune, told her to get a divorce, marry her dentist and be happy. It may be recalled, however, that a young chorus artist named Gllda GrachetU bad previously made a claim on his atfectiona. The property which Tenor Jorn handed over to his wife consisted of: Twenty-five thousand dollars in cash. A $10,000 life insurance policy. A home in Berlin valued at $20,000. The furnishings ot the home, valued at $7,500. An annuity to each ot the four children ot $1,000 a year for life "I wish Dr. Miederer an the Sap. plness Frau Jom can give him, and may success ever 'be in his life," said Carl Jorn. "The tenor voice has a natural attraction for women, but it could' not charm my wife. I was all for steady, hard work, so that we might have a comfortable old age, but she wanted society, and I could not hold- her. "She told me that she loved' the other man, and I agreed to set her free. And because he is peer and she has no wealth nor income save what I have given her, sho asked that I provide for her that I give her enough to maintain them both until he should do better in his profession, and bo I did." )ne reward that came to Mr. Jorn for his gen erosity was that many women throughout the United States expressed a willingness, nay, even a determination, to marry him without delay. One of them wrote from Los Angeles: "I havo lost my husband and hare one little boy and a bungalow. Do you suppose you could come out hero? It not, I shall be coming East in the Spring, and would so like to meet you." Mrs. Jorn had an Interesting comment to offer: "No great singer over loves any one but himself. A man who seems the strong, vlrllo lover on the stage, Is too much occupied in thinking how a lover ought to act ever to bo a real man. Marry the ugliest man you wllL Marry a man with no volco. Never marry a great singer or a genius." Alois Burgstaller, another Metropolitan Opera House star, followed the more usual course of the songbirds. Unconventlonallty has become conventional with them. He ran away to Europe with the wife of Alexander Philip Hexamer, a rich Hoboken horse dealer. If ordinary business men or their wives were to behave like this their conduct would ba visited with social ostracism, and In many cases witn severer punlsnment. In grand opora singers we have come to regard such behavior & natural and we pass it by, some times with a smile, usually without repro bation, The musical temperament must have a fvee expression. Probably there are laws in this country which might have been put in operation against many of the principals In these cases, but we shrink from crushing a songbird. How could he sing his best with the pros pect of one to six months' imprisonment ahead ot him? Saxony has taken a sterner view. It la interesting to remember that the King ot Saxony, who is credited with inspiring the new law, has had domestto troubles ot his own. He Is the only King in Europe whose wife has left him. Ho is the only King who has experienced some of the painful sensations inflicted on ordinary citizens by emotionally troubled opera singers. Hla wife, when he waa Crown Prince ran away from him with her chlldrea's tutor, and subsequently ran away with a number of other men. Among these was a musically gifted artist nametl Enrico TosellL The Great Enrico Caruso, Who Saya Ho Wm Never Married, but Appears to Be Always Promising to Bt iaBBBBBB by. MlttKtn use Madamo Marie Rappold, Whote Firt Husband Say Their Life Waa a Rosy Dream Until She J Won Operatic Succaaa. 1 V s X.. 4 i-r -p. '