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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, December 21, 1913, PART THREE, Image 35

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CflTTl TT1 1 1 tf ATI A tioWvAa TViaIsi VftiMiJ.
inp Railroad Casualties.
Hundred Killed In Fontttcn Wnrlu
Due to RnnnltiR Ily Signals
Srvpn Men Dlreetlr Re
xpnnmlilr Art- Vlctlnm.
WASHINGTON, Dec. .-EmpliMlxlng
the necessity for further action bjf the
fedornl government to provide greater
safety for travelers and employes upon
American railroads, the Interstate Com
nterca commission. In Its annual report,
submitted to congress, today, makes ulc
erous recommendations for additional
powers over the physical oonttruotlon
nml operation of the roads. The com
mission also recommends that It be given
authority to superrlse the. Issue of rail
road securities and some measure of
control over the capitalization.
Conditions disclosed by the commis
sion's Investigation of railroad accidents
during the year present a situation,
which, the commission believes, ought to
be, the subject of Immediate legislation.
eventy-tJx accidents Investigated com
prised fifty-one colllslpns, and twenty-five
derailments, and caused the death of 2S3
and, the Injury of 1.S80 persons.
Inortaae In Accident.
Commenting upon these facts, the re
port says I
"The oommlsaton again la com polled' to
ncHa the exceedingly lore proportion, ot
train accidents due to dereliction ot duty
on the port of employes. Flftr-sdx of
the accidents Investigated durlnc the
year, or nearly 74 per cent ot the whole
number, were directly, caused by mis
takes of employee. These mistakes wore
of the same nature as those noted by
tha commission in Its last annual re
port, namely, disregard of; XlxeA signals.
Improper flagglnr, failure to obey train
orders, Improper checking of train reg
ister, misunderstanding of orders, oo
cupylng main track on time ot superior
train, block operator allowed train to
enttr occupied block, dispatcher gave
lap order or nsed Improper' form, ot or
der, operator made mistake in copying
order, switch left open in face of ap
proaching train, excessive speed, failure
to identify train that was met.
"These errors are exactly the ones
whloh figure in the causey of- train ao
. cldents year after year. Their persist
ence, leading always to the same har
rowing results, points Inevitably to the
truth of one or the other of the follow
ing alternatives: Either a great ma
jority of these deplorable raihxJad disas
ters are unavoidable or thero exists a
widespread lack of Intelligent and well
directed effort to minimize the mistakes
ot employes In the operation of trains.
It Is not believed that all those accidents
which are caused by the mistakes-of em
ployes are unavoidable. It Is quite true
that man Is prone to error, and as long
ns absolute reliance Is Dlaoed upon the
human clement In- the operation of1 trains)
accidents are bound to occur, but until it
can be shown that all reasonable and
proper measures have been taken for Its
prevention no accident can be classed as
Shuttle Hut's Violated.
"All of the mistakes noted above are
violations of simple rules, whloh should
have been easily understood by men of
sufficient Intelligence to be entrusted,
with the operation of trains. Tha evi
dence Is that In the main the rules aro
understood, but they are habitually vio
lated by employes who are charged with
responsibility for the safe movement of
trains. The evidence also Is that in
many cases operating officers are cog
I'nlzanl of this habitual disregard of rules
the evil. Many operating affloera seem
to proceed upon the theory that their re
sponsibility ends with the promulgation
of rules, apparently overlooking; the, fact
that, no matter how inherently good
rulq may be, It Is of no force unless It Is
obeyed. On very many railroads there ia
little, or no system of inspection or su
pervision of the work of train service
employes so far as pertains to those
matters which vitally affsot safety. Em
ployes are not examined on the operating
rules except at the time of their promo
tion, and only the most perfunctory f
forts are made to determine their fitness
to perform the duties assigned to them
froji time to time.
Official Neglect Inexcusable.
"This lack of supervision and inspec
tion, with respect to matters affecting,
the safety ot trains is unexplalnable
when the careful supervision of all mat
ter directly affecting the revenue of
the roads Is considered. The auditing
and checking systems used for detecting
the- dishonesty of employes, are marvels
of Ingenuity and careful attention to de
tail, but means of determining whether
trains are operated in accordance with
the, requirements of safety and in con
formity with the rules are almost en
tirely lacking.
"In previous reports the- commission
has recommended legislation requiring
the standardisation of operating rules.
It Is vital to the safe movement ot trains
that rules should be explicit and uniform
In character, so that they may bo easily
understood, and that there may be no
doubt as to tholr application. To this
end federal legislation is necessary.
"Disobedience of signal Indications on
block-signaled railroads Is one ot the
most serious phases ot the, accident situ
ation. Such disobedience often occurs in
connection wtth the movement of Impor
tant high-speed passenger trains, and
w,ien It results In a collision or derail
ment a most deplorable casualty list la
Its invariable accompaniment. Fourteen
of the Investigated accidents which have
occurred on block-signaled roads since
July, 1, 1911, were caused by englnemen
running by stop signals or falling to re
duce, speed as directed by caution signals.
In these fourteen accidents 106 persons
were killed and Ml were Injured. In
even of these accidents the culpable en
ginomen themselves are killed.
Human Factor Unsolved.
"No adequate reason can be offered for
".these serious lapses from duty by men
"who In many cases suffer death as a
consequence. Frequently It is hard even
to suggest a plausible explanation for the
disobedience of signal indications. That
they aro dlsoboyed, however, Is a fact,
and the lives that are annually sacrificed
from this oauso calls loudly for some
means of arresting its results. The most
disastrous accidents of this character
oaeur on roads equipped with modern
systems of automatic block signals, where
jlaborate precautions to prevent accidents
(short of guarding against the conse
juences of signal disobedience), have been
taken. The trains involved in these la
meutable disasters generally aro operated
trusted employes of long experience.
Hut the record, abundantly proves that
'tea splendid signal equipment and ad
mirable, discipline, coupled with lone cx
uerierce and high moral character on
the part of the employes, cranot prevent
the occasional man failures which pro
due such fatal results. Those facts are
brought to the attention of congress, with
the suggestion that these man failures
Indicate the necessity for the develop
ment and perfection ot some system of
automatic train control to be used In
connection with existing signal systems.
Should Limit Speed.
"High speed was the Important con
tributing cause of several serious acci
dents during the last year. On many
roads there is no limit to tho speed at
Which Passenirer train Am ullnnrmt tn
run. Englnemen are thus encouraged to (
run their trains at excessive speed in an ,
orrort to make up time lost on schedules
that are. ,ln many cases already suf
ficiently fast for safety. Suoh high speed
Is especially dangerous In times of fog
or storm, 'when signals can be seen but
a comparatively short distance. Tho maxl-;
mum, allowable speed of trains on all
roads should be established, at a safe
limit, and it should not be left entirely
to the Judgment, of the' englnemen to de-
icrinmo wnciner or not mis nmu is ex
ceeded. "Inasmuch as the. onlv nurnodn of in-,
vestlgatlon," the report continues, "Is to
leotn the true causes, qt accidents, so
that such causes mav be nllmlnatnd
ifully as practicably. It Is manifestly lm-
posaiDis lor the commission fully to ac
complish suoh purpose unless, empowered
Dy iaw to enforce its recommendations.
Furthermore, tha. enmmlMinn nhnutA
authorized- to conduct lndoendnt Invea.
ligations with respect to' all matters af-
recung the safety ot railway travel, the
object being to. prevent aoctdeata, as far
B TMTafVI Mthu it. - A. a
merely to poi&t out thf cn.ua f ot acci
dents aftftr thAlr
particular need for an investigation of
me conditions surrounding the use of steel
rajla and car wheels, upon, railroads."
What U IlecQminended.
Among tho important recommendations
for new legislation aro the following:
That, .one period, be fixed tor the be-s
ginning ot all actions relating to trans
portation charges and that that period
be. within, three, years from, the, comple
tion of the service as to whlrti Aamatr
are claimed.
JThat a carrier whloh fall, to
payment of charges for any transporta
tion service within a period of ninety
days shall b deemed, guilty ot giving a
reoaie to the shipper.
That all suits brought to enforce or set
aside orders of the 'commission lu At.
redly under tha, supervision of the. cpm-
uiissiun, insieaa or as now under the
direction of tha Drnnrt
and that the commission be charged, prl--
inarny wjm me auty or presenting such
cases in court, subject to tho right of
the. Department, of Justloa or. rjrlvAtA In.
dlvlduais to intervene to protect public
or private interests.
That the commission be authorise to,
make orders, after Investigation, respect
ing tho construction and maintenance of
the physical properties ot railroads en
gaged in interstate commerce and. rules,
and regulations-pertaining to the use and
oporatlon of. such properties.
That the commission, be given control
and supervision over railway capitaliza
tion, That,, tur.ther to. mlBlrnixetthe.danger of
accidents, the commission ba. empowered
tQ roquire. the uee.ot the blook signal sys
tems and to require the adoption and use
of steel or steel underfrarae ears in pas
senger service.
That explicit authority be given tha
commission to examine all books and,
papers of Common carriers subject to the
That the commission be relieved of all
duties under the parcel post law, "or that
such duties, and. the standard to be ap
plied be moro clearly, stated."
About Physical Valuation.
The report give some consideration to
the law providing for physical valuation
of railways. Up to the present time It
has not been possible to do more than
prepare, an outline of the, plans for tho
groat task of valuing American railroad
The report shows that the work ot the
commission, increased tremendously in
volume. Scores of Violations, ot tho law,
by both, carriers, and shipper wore in
vestigated. In this connection the report
says tht "the false billing of freight by
shippers continues." it is pointed out
that serious abuses, of transit privileges,
by both carriers, and shippers constitute
a, continuing evil, remedy for which is
being worked out by the commission
Failure on the part of carriers to collect
from shippers certain demurrage charges
was mado the, subject, of many Investiga
tions, because this is regarded by the
commission as one of the most insidious
forms, of rebating. Stress also Is laid
upon violations of the anti-pass law, but
the report indloates that these are-bo-comlng
less and less frequent.
V Itnt In the Ded.
A monster rat, which had gained en
trance into his bedroom through an open
window during the day. savagely at
tacked and Wt Russell JCemmerer of
Pennsburg, Pa., and It took" half an hour
of furious fighting to dispatch. J-he vicious
rodent In bed.
Sir. and Mrs. Kenrmerer had hardly re
tired for the night when the husNU"! felt
a peculiar scratching on Ills am A If
some one were tugging at him.
A lamp was lighted and the room ex
amined for a posuible intruder. The'ICew
merers retired again, satisfied that there
was no burglar in the room: but a vicious
bite on hi n nrm tmmA ,h. . .
- m.w uwUMlU I II
Jump out of bed a second time.
rd. il1"1?" alciea a rat in tha bed.
While Mrs. Kemmerer, nearly dead from
fright, huddled In a corner and screamed;
the husband tackled the rat After a full
half-hour-s fight he. managed to smother
the Intruder under a sheet.
As a result of Kemmerer' many
wounds blood poison Is feared.-PhlIadel.
phi a Record.
Upkeep of a Daughter.
An Englifch traveler not long ago noted
that whereas in England It coats more
to bring up a son tlmn a daughter, in the
United Statea the. reverse 1m tho case.
Borne light on what It costs to support
tho American girl becomingly is given In
the request of Miss Margaret Van Cort
landt OKden, aged 15,, to have ,X0 a year
of her own money turned over to h-r
parents to help pay for her upkeep. Her
annual expenses, he said in her plea to
the custodians of the estate, come to
J,300. of which Important items are;
Governess. I1,M0; art lessons, I6W; riding
lessons, (400; dancing lessons, J 100; house
axpensos. J1.S00; dress. $1,000; pocket
money, J300. Besides these nudlcal and
traveling expenses have to be considered.
If It cost everybody as much to grow up,
the world would have to get along with
fewer people, that's alt Sprlngtleld Re
publican. Baby a. Birslu ALarui.
A Greek youth of 19, who said he Is
AposUe Apostulatos and refused to give
his address, was arraigned before Magis
trate Levy In the Yorkville, N. V.. court
on a charge of burglary and was held in
11,000 ball. Helen MoKenna ot 433 East
Sixty-seventh street testified that about
midnight Wednesday she heard a noise
under her bed, but thought It mice.
When day broke she arose and gave
some medicine to her stster-ln-law's baby.
Then she noticed Apostulatos" feet pro
truding from under her bed. He told the
police he had waited all night under the
bed after he had entered through an un
locked door but was unable to ransack
the rooms because the walling ot the
baby kept both Mrs. McKenna and Miss
McKsnna awake, New York World.
Lay Cornerstone of
Services ot unusual Importance and in
terest will be held this afternoon at a
o'clock sharp on the occasion ot laying
the cornerstone ofi the beautiful new
house ot worship of St. Paul's Lutheran
church at Twenty-fifth and Evans streets.
A group of three buildings will constt
tuto the present undertaking, the church
edifice, a doublo residence for use ot the
pastor, and Instructor and a school build
ing at tho rear. AH. are In Gothic archi
tecture. Tho total cost ot the church building,
including furnishings, organ and all nec
essary equipment will be approximately
PA 000, and it is worthy of especial com
mmdatloa, that there will be no Indebt
edness when the new edtfloa Is dedi
cated. Bt Paul's Lutheran church was founded
in ItSJ, holding services on the property
of Our Sartor's Lutheran churchy
Twenty-sixth and Hamilton streets. The
same church is now kindly giving Its
rooms for tho English evening services
and parochial school of St. Paul's ohurch:
first pastor, Ilev. J. Htr. At first only
German services were held, but gradu
ally services in English were added, un
til, at present all the work of the congre
gation Is being done in English as welt
.aa in Qerman.
In. 1833 a frame church, parsonage and
school were, built on the corner of
Twenty-eighth and Parker. This location
vu at that time In the center ot the
membership of St. Paul's, which gradu
ally moved farther north. The present
pastor, Rev. E. T. Otto, was colled five
years ago from Landestreu, Saskatche
wan. Canada, and the present teacher,
organist and choir director. Prof. J. A.
HUgcndorf, three years ago from Fre
mont. Improvements made In the last
four years amounted to over 45,000. An
organ was Installed, heating plant pro.
ivlded, Bchool building rebuilt and en
larged, providing for young people's
Services are held In English and Ger
man every Sunday, German-English
school, Sunday school In English, and
Analyst of the Aot Points Out
Various Perplexities,
Probability of So,me Taxpayer Be
I up Touched Four Times n. Year
by Your Uncle's Col
lector. So tangled are certain paragraphs of
the Income tax law and certain regula
tions framed, by the Treasury department
officials regarding the administration ot
the measure, according to a writer In the
Manufacturer's Record of Baltltrre, thai
much perplexity, trouble and loss of
money confronts many persons in the
next yeay. In an article headed "Risking
Penalties for . Violation ot the Income
Tax Laws" the author sets forth the di
lemma, of taxable persons and those per
sons who are required to withhold Income
at the source.
"Many persons whose gross Incomes
since March 1, 1?13," says the writer,
"have amounted to more than 3,000 and1
many persons whq under tlip Income, tax
law. are required, to withhold the tax from
payments of such amounts of income are
rendering themselves llabie to a loss of
exemption of $3,000 from the tax in one
case and in the other to a penalty not
less than $20 nor more than $1,000.
"They will probably not discover that
disagreeable fact until after returns have
been made to the revenue collector throe
months hence, or perhaps until after the
assessments have been made by the com
missioner of Internal revenuo six months
Say qlfflcultlrs Mnltlplr.
The writer refers first to the regulation
Issued by the Treasury department pro
viding that a withholding agent who pay
monthly or periodically during tho year
rents, salaries, wages, etc., shall not with
hold the tax until the rents, salaries and,
the like shall have reached an aggregate
amount In excess of $3,000. Then the
withholding agent shall withhold the tax
on the whole $3,009 unless the person to
whom the Income Is due files notice
claiming exemption. In such case the
withholding agent shall withhold the tax
on Vhe amount In excess of $3,000 or 11,000,
a th case may be.
'Oifffcultles for both tho wlthholder
and the taxable,'' continues tho writer,
multiply' "when with the regulation Just
quoted Jn numl they seek to discover
the mean.' UK' and the application of the
additional rB'1,at'on covering the period
since Novemt'ei' 1. when the provision as
to stoppage of x at he source of the
,n into etfect. The law
covers only ten ninths of IMS. Henool
the exemption allowv' unaor Paragraph
C will be only flve-slxrV of that for th,
full calendar year. namA.v Ki0 In the
case of a single person sO4 $3,333.33 In
the case of a happily marrik, one- Ne
electing, though, to apply the- ,ve-slxths
rule also to payments on accotn,' or in-
Come, the regulation reads: .
The withholding agent Is noi r8
quired to deduct and withhold prior
November 1, 1913, the normal tax ofl
per cent for which an individual i
liable.' "
Illustrates "Absurdities."
To show what he considers the ab
surdity of the law and the regulations.
the writer then cites the following illus
"A, a bachelor, has an annual salary
ot $4,000, payable monthly. Under the
ten months provision for 1913 he is tax
able this year on only $333.33, provided
he claims exemption. Under one regu
lation he must claim that exemption
when the ninth payment of his salary
since March 1 Is made, because the ninth
payment will bring the total amount of
Lis Income to that date to the $3,000 ex
emption allowed.
"That uccordlng to one regulation Rut
another regulation is that bis employer
shall not withhold the tax unless 'the
Th is Church Today
confirmation and Rtblo classes In both
languages. A mlxd chorus of forty
voices tings in both languages.
Activity of the oliurch threatened to
be Interrupted by the Easter tornado,
which totally destroyed all of the build
ings. Eight persons in the parsonage
at the time miraculously escaped serious
Injury. But no service was dropped ex
cept the special song service which was
to have been held Easter evening at 7:30.
Through the kindness of neighboring
churches, places tor worship were pro
vided and the Sunday after the disaster
services, ware ield at the usual time,
German in the morning ia a Sunday
school chapel of Calvary Baptist church,
Thirty-fourth and Bo ward, and English
evening eervioe in Our Savior's Lutheran
church. Twenty-sixth and Hamilton. Not
one service was dropped and the school
and other activities of the congregation
were Immediately resumed, the ohurch
trusting "that all things work together
for good to them that love God."
The president of the Nebraska district
of (he Lutheran Missouri synod and a
committee appointed by him sent out a
call for eld to the congregations of tho
Missouri synod. Help came and wtth St.
Paul's church making strenuous efforts
money sufficient to build antw was
As roost of the members now live far
ther north, the congregation decided to
move the location north to Evans street,
where three lots were bought on Twenty
fifth street from O. C. Redlck.
The building committee appointed and
the congregation affirmed the appoint
ment ot W. F. Gernandt, architect.
Church buljdlng committee: H. F. Tru
elscn, P. B. Rehs'chuh, J. A. HUgendorf,
Rev. H. f. Qtto; the advisory building
com.mttto also. The general executive
committee at Fort Wayne, Rev. August
Lango, chairman, and Rerv. C. If. Decker
of feward. Its representative,
T buildings, ohurch, school, parson
age and teacher's house are beautifully
cropped, with a court fronting Evans
street, They have 1H feet frontage and
eighty-eight feet depth.
total amount of income paid to any per
son by a withholding agent After October
U.' 1911, shall be n excess pf $3,000.' And
the law Itself provides that withholding
at the source phould not take .effect un
til November 1, 1913, a date after the
eighth payment has been made,' bringing
the aggregate, payment beyond the $2,W0
exemption allowed on the ten months
"When Is A to file his claim for ex
emption of $MQ with his employer? He
could not possibly have filed It before
November 1, when the provisions as to
withholding at the ov.rce and tho de
pendent provision as Jo' exemption olalm
went ijjto effect.
Problem ot Kxejstptlon.
"Is he obliged to fU any suoh. claim
with his employer this year, in view of
one interpretayon that ,the words 'tho
total amount of income paid to py per
son by a withholding agent otter Qcbox
SI, 191$, shall be in excess of $3,(i00,'is
that a sum In excess ot $3,099 roust ac
tually pass from his employer to him
after October 31 for withholding to tako
place, and not that when the aggregate
paid by his employer since March I aall
reach after October SI an amount In ex
cess of $3,000 r
"If ho Is 'not to file a claim tor .ex
emption with ills employer, how, under
the law, or under any regulation that the
ingenuity of the Treasury department
may frame in accord with the law, s he
to obtain his exemption provided by the
law, except through the costly process of
getting a refund ot the taxT ft he does
not socuro exemption, he wlU pay our
times the tax that he is legally liable
for. "
"On the other hand, the employer, with
at least two possible Interpretations, .of
the regulation confronting him, will have
the risk of a lawsuit with his .employe
because he ha withheld the 1 Per cent
tax' on the full .ten month's salary, the
employe not having felt obliged to fUe
a claim for exemption with him, or be
liable to a fine of from $30 to $1,000
for failure to withhold .the tax and to
pay It to the government, because of his
agreeing .with the vlejv of his ernploye as
to the interpretation of the regulation."
Grrtsueaxt paid to Surpass Kven
Iron and Steel In Lasting;
Oreenheart, the wood which the Isth
mian Canal commission Is desirous of se
curing for use in the construction of docks
and similar works in the Panama canal,
because it is said by experts to resist
more than any other wood the attacks ot
marina borers which rapidly destroy plies
and other submarine structure, is one of
the moot valuable ot timbers. It Is native
of tropical South America and .the West
Indies, and from Its bark and fruits ia
obtained blblrlne, which is often used as
a ebrlf uge Instead of quinine.
The wood Is ot a dark green color, sap
wood and heart wood being so much alike
that they can with difficulty be distin
guished .from each other. The heart wood
Is one of .the most desirable pt all timbers,
particularly In the shipbuilding Industry.
Indisputable records show that the best
grades surpass Iron and steel In lasting
u(tles in salt water, submerged logs
jja vlng remained Intact for 100 years.
fjt the .Kelvlngrove museum, Glasgow,
thei are tw0 P,60 ' Plonking which
lllust.at bUr than anything else this
durable' JQUUty. They are both from a
wreck Vloh w.aa submerged eighteen
years off tV we,t c$Mt r Scotland. The
one speclm,. Krsenhoart Is merely
slightly pitted n UV ,WfK. th body
ot the wood beC Prf,ctly Wd
untouched, while 0' qlh.sr-rteak-hi sj.
most entirely eaten
It is extensively used ,P WpbUildlng for
keelsons, beams, englA. ".e1ngi ,nd
planking, and It is also usd J" the gen
eral arts, but its excessive W''1 unfits
Its for many purposes for whfrV 0l,lef
properties would render It cmlntn'y .suit
ableNew York Post
With the Home
Front Foot Values Are Doubled in
Less Than Decade.
Figure Arc FumUhed the Srnttlr
Ileal Katnte) Association by
II. A. Tnkry, Acllryr for
,ornl Kxrhnnsr.
The highest prlco paid per front foot
for property In Omnha, exclusive of the,
value ot tho Improvements, was up lo
1911 $2,0W. The record now Is $4,000 per
front foot. These figures appear In two
reports made to the Seattle Real Estate
association by Harry A. Tukcy ot Omaha. '
In 1907 the association asked the Omaha !
Real ISstato exchange to make a report
on real estate conditions here. Tukcy
was secretary of the exchange and made
the report. This year the Seattle assocla- '
Uon again asked for a similar report of
conditions at the present tlmo tn Omaha, i
They also asked tliai tho same man make
the report. Although Mr. Tukey is not
now secretary of the Real Estate ex
change, the .duty devolved upon him of
making the report this year, in accord
ance with th request ot the Seattle as
sociation. Questions tn Blulc
There are seventeen nrinolnal nnentlnna
In the blank .the association ssked to have
tilled. Some of these are divided Into
several parts.
From tho report It annesr thxt In im?
the highest priced business properly In
the city was occupied by various classes
.of hustneps in the following order: Rail
way offices, drug stores, restaurants.
Jewelers, shoe stores. In the 191S report
tne following order appears: Railway
offices, drug stores, cigar stores, res
taurants, jewelers and shoe stores.
At the time nf tliik tint ntnnrl th man.
ket value of the best wholesale business
property was given as $3?S per front foot
and was given as located at Ninth and
iiarncy streets. The last report esti
mates tho test wholesale business prop
erty to be wnrtH UM nrr frnnf rYvif anil
gives it as that located &t Ninth and Far-
nam streets.
For strictly resldenep property thp high
est price that had been raid when the
1!)07 report was mndo was $90 per front
iooi. xno present report gives it as $1W
per front foot
Acreage Mas Qonblrd,
The value of acreage for platting Jnto
lots has doubled since 1907, according to
Tukey's reports. In 19OT ho
value at $1.0)0, while the present report
iiivcB it at :,.
Tho ronlal value per year ot the best
ground floor corner lumned bntwMn th
periods at which the reports were Issued
wonf v,wfj per year ,to J7,SW per year.
The latter rent. hn.r I . A..r
- -. .0 ui.,U uuiii
a larger floor space than the former, al-
-,uui. uuvn atu fiivcn um iocaiea at
Sixteenth and Farnnm streets.
The Seattle association is gathering
statistics of a ptmUnr nature from titty
American and thirty foreign eltle. Th
results will be published In digest form,
to a pamphlet br the asseolailan. Th
association Mates in .the letter that It
111 K. -1 - .1 M a . . .
,T.,i wo Biwi iu ncuu un .locai exonange
a copy of the supplement when It Is
Trust Companies
Prove the Safest
When the successful business man ar
rives at old Aire, otter a life of hard
work and Jionprablo record, his most
serious thoughts are In connection with
the management ot his .business or estate
at tor ,hls death. Ifp pictures his wits and
family at t$e mercy of designing ad
venturers'. .And he often is in despair as
to what moans he may employ to pro
tect them after he (s gone. Almost every
uay tne newspapers contain accounts pf
tragio Instances of the treachery of jnen
to whom estates and trust funds havp
been convoyed ror jwfe manago.inent.
Widows and orphans have been plunged
from Independence to dire poverty be
cause the erstwhile "confidential friend
pf the family," or tho trusted legal ad
visor had yielded to the temptation to
speculate or appropriate for his own
selfish ends the funds left in his care.
Often the Individual trustee succumbs to
death befpro .the estate is closed up or
dtstrihuted according .to th provisions ot
the will. This .may necessitate tho ap
ipolntment pf some entire stralger.
The perils and uncertainties which en
compass the llfp of ,the Individual called
Into existence the modern trust company,
the BUbhctltutlon of perpetual corporate
management 0f property and estate for
that of the individual. The trust com
pany is, therefore, the outgrowth of this
demand for safe management and cus
tody ot property. To what .extent the
trust company in this country has ful
filled Its' special mission. And to what
degree men and women of all grades and
condltlone place their faith In corporate
trusteeship, Is readily Indicated by statls
tics. One ot the leading ,p-ut companies
of New York City recently compiled fig
ures obtained from over 1.C0O truBt com
panies in this country. This showed that
the trust companies of tho United States
guard a treasure .which exceeds in face
value thlrty-flvo blUlona pf dollars.
Rut what Is moat Important is that
this great treasure has boen and Is being
safeguarded with practically no record
of losses. In most states trust companies
can point with pride to the fact that
not one penny of trust funds or property
has been loet when placed in the custody
of trust companies.
The trust company appeals especially
to men who have acquired large fortunes.
This la shown by' the Increasing number
of large estates which are piocea in
charge of trust companies.
pointed rrKrsphs.
Beware of toy pistols and platonlc
'The demand for Information bureaus
exceeds the supply.
Marriage s more often a discontent
ment than a failure.
A lazy man Beldom complaint because
he Is unable to find work.
--. 4 r-A In (i mnn llfA Ihjihh la
one woman he Is trying to jcet and an
other he Is tryjng to" got away from
Chlcago News.
Flathtlns; Piano Sloths.
It wasn't the rent he was after, the
piano man said; he just wanted to tlx
the piano, that was all.
"Tune It, do you meant" the woman
"Oh, no," Mid he, "to fight the moths."
Then he opened the case and tied little
hags Of camphor In the corners.
"We do that two or three times, a, year
with an our rented pianos." he said. ' M
some kind of preventive is not used there
Is danger ot molhs getting Into the felt
back 6f the keyboard. We can't depend
upon tho renters to attend to that little
Job for us, so we send one of our own
men around. "-New York Times.
When the Kins; CRtehm Cold.
The royal families of Europe are suf
fering from a wave of Influensa.
"Nl hmllfvttt, V, . ,HM,i. Mj. t, , v. .
chief lunkey announces to Ute arobassa- 1
I" JMJrrARkAM street
Capital $200,000.00
Surplus $215,000.00
A FKW of tho ndv.nntnpoB of appointing tho
JT CONFINES ltaolf solely to frusteo and In
vestment business.
JT8 MANAGEMENT OnJPMJ the combined
luiowlodgo of able, experienced and responsible
IT CARRIES out the directions and wlsb.es ot
a testator judiciously, impartially and faithfully.
IT IS CQN8ERVAT1VK and acts with grcntor
caution and moro economy than .an Individual,
IT GIVES equal attention to small and largo
ITS PROGRESS, since its establishment, 2T
years agp, Is evidence of Rb success.
It is authorized by law to act as EXECUTOR,
Gift Because
The giver may be certain the Ipycstoient Is a wlso one, mado
safe by the fact that Hose Buldprs dpes not speculate. Theso
sliarca arc aeciired by rrsl ,etle mortgages ou Improved
property .only Thp set socvrjty kppvn,
FiscaJ AcpU for "'Tljn
Get Our Plaa Rpo)e Before You Uulld.
Moving -- Packing - Storage
Oir mm i
104 SiMtk 1$tb Street
Minneapolis Heat
Saves Fuel
Pay and Night
60-Day Trial
Let Me Tell Ygm
2803 Laird St. Phone Veb. 4800.
Regulation Specialist.
dor, "nd begs to be exeoosed."
"You seem to havo something of a cold
yourself," said the distinguished caller.
"Ue7 - cried tne, nunKey. "un, aougn.
I aid got in) code. This Is just a loyal
Ibltntlon. Whed the kig sneezes the pal
ace snectfs with hlb."
And the ambassador, feeling a strong
desire to sneeze himself, hastily turned
away Cleveland Plain Dealer.
Persistent Advertising Is the Road to
B1" Hetwns.
$1,08 Each
Until Jan. 1, 191.4
Mum tag. 4119
E. J. Davis
H-tavy Hauling
1212 Parnam
an si

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