Newspaper Page Text
THi: KKE: OMAHA, SATUIilUY. MARCH 20. 1913.
Effects of State Pensions Upon Mothers Women Need Their Children Almost as Much as the Children Need Them ChilcL Has Wonderful In fluence Over Parent. :::::: By DOROTHY DIX. v The advocate of ttie widowed mother' pension olll' have' spoken of tt only from the children's side of the question. Ther have shown how much better off child is In Its own home, how ever humble that home mar be, than ' It Is In an orphan asylum, no matter how scientifically and humanely that asylum may be conducted-. , They have shown that Institution reared children, who have been been brought up to bathe and -dress and eat and play and study and work and rise up and sit down to the tap of a bell. almost Invariably develop Into -machine-like men and women, without initiative or originality of their own. They have shown not only how cruel a thing; it la to break the tie between mother and child, and sisters and broth ers, but also how dangerous It Is to do o, for there Is no other one fact in human development so potent as family affection and the sense of responsibility that this brings 'with It. Nothing; so makes for recklessness of conduct In either a boy or a girl as tho feeling that . he or she has nobody belonging to him or her. Anf, conversely, the knowledge that he has his widowed mother to support has been the epur In the side of many a boy that has sent him along the road of lame and fortune. Even so great a man as Sir James Barrie says that the thing ' that gave him courage to persist" "at the writing" was his desire that his mother might lie soft at night and sit warm by the fire in the day. Finally the advocates of the widowed mothers' pension bill have shown that tor the same amount of money that the atate spends to keep a child In an orphan asylum he can be boarded with his mother and the little home kept together. It Is right that the children should be considered first in this matter, and their good determine It, but there is also an other aide to the question. That la the mother's. The mothers need the children 'just as much as the children need the Wthers. The mothers who have children of an age to be sent to an orphan asylum are 1 themselves young women. Many of them are not overwis. and in spite of having been married and had children, have lit tle real knowledge of the world. Most of . them have had few advantages of educa tion, and have few resources within themselves. Read it Here See Ry specln.1 arrangement for this paper a photo-drama corresponding to the Install ments oi "Runaway June" may now be seen at the leading moving picture the aters. By arrangement made with the Mutual Film corporation it Is not only p. -..Bible to read "Runaway June" each day, but also afterward to see moving pictures Illustrating our atory. (Copyright, 1915. by Serial Pulblcatloa Corporation. ' TENTH KPISODE. - A Prisoner on the Yacht. CHAPTER IWContlnued.) The thick, short figure slinking back Into the shadows wiped its lips with Its tongue and shivered. Dawn slowly the chill, gray mist which lay upon the river began to clear. "Voila," cracked the voice of Henri, but the tone was cheerful still. "He Sleeps!" It was true. The overcoat and cap, after bobbing and awaylng dangerously over the water's edge for hour after hour, had at last stretched out on the dock for the slumber due to a night watchman who waa thoroughly at ease and thoroughly warm. Henri and Marie, with all he mental . effect of stealthiness, spring into the swift looking little motor boat. I X short, thick figure came painfully waddling out on the dock and shook the overcoat. The cap wabbled. "Hey!" This waa from the short, thick figure, but the aperture through which the sound came was so stiff that the result waa only a whees. A eacA-e came from the overcoat. "Hey!' A punch, a kick, but a stiff kick which had no force. "Ugh!" The grunt cam from the night watchman. "Well, you with the distillery breath. I tried to teU you all night, didn't I? On. get alivs- This is Bill Wolf, the private detective, talking to you." "Ugh!" The eap fnovJ, but th over coat was still asleep. "They stole the Flash. I aay, they" "The Flash!" The oveicoat aualghy ened. It rose. The cap stiffened its angle. The combination scrambled to it feet. "They stole the Flash " "iole it! Who?" "Oh, who?" The ton waa on of in finite contempt "Why, tho little pink whiskered guy and the bony darnel Stole It! And now where did they go?" "Th yacht what' its name?" Th overcoat and cap were still hazy.' The cap turned gropingly toward th hamper, n the adjoining dock, where th name tood out In plunt whit letters, "Hilar ity!" "The" "The Hilarity!" Bill Wolfe stooped with his hund oil his inces to stare at that in formation ik h had been in plain sight all night. Me for a telephone. Uve, look at tht boat go!" Upon tbe swelling waves rod th I F These women are primitive creatures with primitive Instincts. They must have something to love, something to think about, something to work for. dive them the normal life of a woman with a hus band and children to fill their days with Interest, and they are good women. Take away from them all that they care for, and you have snapped the anchor chain that held them safe and steady In the surge of temptations that beats about every good looking young wotnsn who s alone in the world. The death of a day laborer, - and the breaking up of a two-room home' Is a far more poignant tragedy than the pass ing away of a millionaire, whose family have only their personal loss to mourn. Their home remains Intact. The be reaved widow does not have to have her heart torn In twain a second time by losing hor children as V-ell as 'her hus band, , But this is the all loo common bitter fate of the poor woman when the bread winner of hor household dies. She cannot make by her own labor enough to feed the hungry mouths of her brood, and so her little ones are taken from her and sent to orphan asylums. Who can blame the woman thus cruelly used by destiny If she tries to drown the memory of happier days in drink, or she dulls the aching longing for her loved ones by dope, or If, when there seems no right way to happiness,, shi attempts to find lt in the wrong way? .. We hear much of a mother's enobling and' restraining Influence over- her children. It Is not a tittle of what a child's influence Is over a mother. The weakest baby hands thst ever fumbled at a woman's brenst llnye more power for uplift in them than all the preach ing and moral platitudes that were ever uttered. The eyes that a woman musv'he able to meet fearlessly are her children's eyes. And from the highest to the low est, the thought of her children ha been a magio talisman that has given millions of women the strength to resist tempta tion. , ,. Only the most abandoned of women will let evil come near her children or permit them to see her do a wrong act, and in this way the child becomes the guardian and protector of the mother. With her little home kept together, with her children to work for, to be in terested In, to expend " her " affections upon, there in small chance of the widowed mother not living an exemplary life. Robbed by the death of her hus band, and by poverty of home and chil dren, who can tell to what length despair may drive her, or which of us will daro to cast the first stone if her eln has been partly caused by our stupid laws? - For the sake of the -woman, as well bs the child, let us pass the widowed Mothers' pension bill, and not be guilty of separating a mother and her babes, and breaking up a home' that mlgbt have been kept together. . j it at the Movies. Hilarity and all on board of it, save' the officers of the night and on other,' were sound asleep. That one waa June Werner. - She-had noiselessly dressed herself .In a yacht ing costume, and now she. slowly removed a bar which held the sliding of a secret pane) she had discovered In the wall of her. cabin. , , Softly, silently, June gained the deck. Creeping close to tbe cabins, she rounded the stern. The Hilarity had dropped anchor, and the landing stairs with their silken - handrail had ; been let down. ' At the platform bobbed the motor tender. Swiftly, silently, the runaway bride crept out and down the side of the yacht and dropped as noiselessly as a cat . Into th motorboats while the long pink fingers of the dawn swept athwart the yellowing "With a thumping heart, June started the motor, and at the sound Gilbert Blye's dark, handsome face appeared above the rail. t'fo Be Continued Monday.) Advice to Lovelorn! h By SSATaUOX VAXBTAX ' Are mm t adraen I ag of Criticism ( Dear M'ss Fairfax: I am a girl 18 years old. I know a man I love dearly, lid claims that my love and affection are reciprocated, and would marry me were it not for the fact that the majority of my friends speak disrespectfully of me. How can I prov that I am a respect able girl? He asks roe that question again and again. . RUTH. Ah you sure that you deserve no criticism? Are you certain that there Is no ground for the evil things people say about you? If you have been a bit in discreet, gossiping people may exagger ate It wantonly. Don't be downcast, but Just armor yourself with honesty and modesty and you can mak th man for whom you care feel that, you are an up right, trustworthy girl. ' A Foolish Froswatloa. Dear Mia Fairfax: I am a woman of ZS and hold a position as governess. The father of the child i care for asked roe to become his wife. Now I have never been considered good looking, and aa this gentleman is wealthy, I would like you to tell m whether you think he loves me or wlahe to marry ma Just to have a mother for his child, a the child is fond of m.' M. C. 11. A man of wealth cam easily enough hlr a governess for his child. If your suitor did not love you he would go on employ ing you In this position, and if you left it, would find It quite slmplo to fill it again. Jie has undoubtedly aaked you to marry him because he loves yu. This purely personal reason generally ac tuates a man' propoaal of marrldg-! Don't hunt for f'aas In the crystal-that la a'ry illy business and doeB not py at all. The World's Oldest Trees '"The Giant Redwoods of California and Their Interesting Story 7T A ".Big Tree '.'growing in ,1 i ft- rHr.:'' '-- ' MV.'U ' -t U- -..r-u - 1 tW.V''r I lIC' i ' -ft $ '";Y:1 i mm T''. ' "''IV1 it Mliiiiiis ii ' isi nrf m r n iir irirariammittW By GARRETT P. SERVISS. You may ;' read about, the '"giant trees' of California, but you will form no con ception of .their majestic i size - from any description comparalfie' with that which bursts 'upon your mind , on seeing, at the American 1 Museum of' Natural Hist ory, the .enormous section, of one. of these trees fastened against the wall In the ','Hall of .worth American Forestry." ; It Is a circular slice; cut straight across he grain .of ,a .8cqu,ola, Glgantea,' whose trunk was six ten feet In dlameter.'or fifty feet In ' circumference!'" Placed In a horizontal, position, .Mils huge section would 'form' a round " table' at which twenty or twenty-five" p'r6ns could com fortably sit. 'Its 'area; is '300 square feet.; It would .coyer a, largo. room. A, similar section 'Of the biggrst oak .or elm or pine or sycamore or tuiip'tree'that grows in the eastern states,- placed, beside It,, would resemble .an ..old-fashioned J-ctnt sliver piece beside" a trade dollar. ' in ract, ,.tne, picture inai. rises , in xne mind of the visitor on looking at this trernendous trunk ' is 'overwhelming! It seems as' If such a 'tree must have grown' upon somj greater planet' than ours, on! Jupiter,' for Instance,' and 'must have sheltered a', race 'of; Oollaths and Clycops, while mammoths polished their Ivories against . its' shaggy bark, and " massive, elephant-focted, moat, perched upon It mighty branches," though, how . they could have got up so .high . is. an insoluble problem. ; .-'- . i Yet thie ..Imposing specimen of the "big tree," is really ' undersized! . The' average diameter of a fully - developed! sequoia Is twenty-five feel, and! a section from a tree like . that would he nearly eighty feet, initeacj of fifty, in circumference. At least one sequoia has been cut down whose diameter was almost thirty-one feet, and' circumference ,nloety-ixl. It had bark a - f oot-and-a-half thick I That: Cheaper Bread by Scientific Farming Hy RKV. MADISON O. PETERS. To lower the living , cost we must In crease the yield by , scientific , farming. The European farmer make the Ameri can blush; with double the average yield for about all grain. - Is there any excuse for the facts these figures show? Average bushels per acre: .. '. - .Wheat. Potatoes. United States, 1 . . K Russia r . W Germany '2X 800 Austria 18 131 Hungary. 1" 113 France 20 1S3 United Kingdom ' m If American farmers would raise food crop aa 'European do ws would not have to pay as, much for our living. BVen Russia beats ' us seven bushels on pota toes. ' ' - ' i The empire of .Germany, with a total acreage leas than th state ef Texas, pro duces annually, seven times more pota toes than are produced In 'all the state of the union. Yet these European fields wer under cultivation for centuries be fore the ships wer built which " landed Columbus on our shore. According to the reports of the United States ' Department, of Agriculture, th average yield of cotton to the acre for the ten years-ending with the season of 190 was 1S4.T pounds. . Under th Instruc tion of the cotton culture department of the Southern Railway m many caae the yield of seed cotton was 1,425 pound to th acre, aa compared with V pound on similar land, where such instruction waa not followed. . What waa equivalent to nearly one bale' of Pnt-otton'to the acr aa compared with a little' more than one third of a bale produced by th old meth ods of farming. ,''. '. Wheat is the moot ' Imports nt stapl of the white roan 30rt.0O0.flno ' pople. or abvt W itr n.. tb.mwiVV)i cf the globe, ara sua la hied main; V wheat Calaveras County, California. . i fir " 'g'jvr: tttw 11 :''fh ' v :v-' Ifc 7$ -V ztl '. va 4f f ,'..:.. ...,tlW A Cross-section of a "Big Tree" Natural History showing tree, was 302 feet In height. The average height Is 275 feet, but a few attain 350 to 400 , feet. ' Still the sequoia Is not the tallest tree In the world, although it is by far the largest or most massive. The eusalyptus trees of Australia exceed It In height, but are' more slender. .There Is a feature of the exhibit In tho museum, which is shown In the accom panying photograph, that adds greatly to its 'effect Beginning at the center, or heart, of the tree, a series of figures continued outward to the bark Indicates the lapse of the successive centuries, dur ing which the giant waa growing. Every year a, "ring of growth" was formed, and 100 -of these 'igs, of course, fill the space of a century on the section. Th rings are plainly seen, but so crowded that the eye could Dot count 4hem but fori the aid afforded by the gteuplrur Into century periods. , . From this it appears that the tree began and it product; 62 per cent of the cereal products milled in the United States Is derived from wheat; 2? per rent of the total acreage devoted to raising cereals In the United States is devoted to wheat alone. Russia (seventy-two governments), with 9ft2.G87.000 bushels, Is the world largest wheat producing country. Next la order, outside of the United Htates, comes British India) with 321.571.u00; Canada, S21.717.000; France, 821.611,000; Argentina. 183,414,000; Hungary (proper), l.M.StS.OOO; Oermany, 96.O7E..0OO; Spain, "U2.4m.OO0; Rou manla, X3.396.000; Australia, M.W8.000; Bul garia, 45,000,009; Algeria, 3tf,fr9,00ti; Wtcypt. 31.000.000. - Strange to say, we only raised last year 3,S00,000 bushels of rye, whllo Ger many, which has shown the world the value of rye bread, raised 41,109,000 bushel of rye, , - Our home consumption of flour is about 100,000,000 barrels a year. In Ull we ex ported only 40,000,000 bushel of wheat, against 21S.000.000 ;ln .191S. Every man, woman and child in the United States consume 4.7 bushels of wheat a year, or about a barrel of flour a year. Canada beat us by nearly a bushel of wheat consumed annually by each person. ' The t,CM bakeahop In New York City consume about 4.000.000' barrels of flour very year; the lower East Side, about three mile square In extent, consumes about 40,000 barrels a week. That the masce among the 5. 000. 000 people In New York City are underfed l shown by the comparison afforded by London, whose 000,000 inhabitants consume every year s.750,000 barrels of flour. ' t During the last decade, while our popu lation Increased 21 per cent, to meet this largely Increased power of consumption th'cre was sn Increase of only 10 per cent, In - tbe acreage devoted to cereal crops. 1 growing In the year MO of the CJirlstlan era at the time when Justinian was em perorand continued until It was cut down In 1RS1,- a perloi of 1.S41 years. X does not astonish us that the "everlasting hills" should see the centuries flow by without themselves chanalng, but when i any living thing continues Its Individual I tlfn while n Minns and eniplres pass away we cannot help being stroiigely Imprc-wed. I By the fleurnB placed on the section of j this tree we se whlrh of the rlnas of growth visible there was In process of j lormatlon wiien Mohammed fled rrom 'Jlmsa (the "Heglra")! which when the Moors crosned over the-Htralts of Olb raltar to take possession of Spain; which. when their WO years of empire ended with uin cunquesi or uranaaa. ny mil lime the tree had become a giant ton vor twelve feet In diameter. In the snm way we may tiavw Ita stage of growth at the time of the dleoovery of America, when it was alremly nearly 1.000 years old; at the time of the conquest of Mexico and thnt of Teru; when . tlendrirk Hudson, visited the ssvages of Mnnhattan Island; when the merlin frthcrs landed; when Hie revolution began, etc. Look and see . how slight a part of the growth of this ! tree Is lncltidcl wlthm the period since J our union of plate was born. It Is very Interesting to notice how ! variable la tho width of the spaces oc cupied by the successive rings. The width decreases as tho circumference) increases until they are but a small fraction of an Inch wide. But often they are seen 'to have Increased In, width for a period of many years and then to have decreased for another period. In this way they form a pictured history of the vagaries of the climate In California during the last 1,300 years; The dry years and the wet years, the eras of drouth and of luxuriance for vegetable life, are all in the American Museum of the growth by centuries. plainly marked by the varying width of the rings. The evidence furnished by the rings of such a tree, corroborated, If necessary, by that of soma of Its con temporaries, would. In a question of cli matic changes In ancient times, be worth more than any written record. The sequoia Is Intimately related to the redwood of California, and the latter sometime rivals Its gigantic relative In height If not in bulk. They are both sequoias. In lact, simply differing In specie. They, too, constitute the whole genus, which takes It name from the celebrated Indian chief, Sequoyah, who Invented the Cherokee 'alphabet The red woods possess great reproductive powers and grow abundantly anywhere along tho ooast where the sea fogs can penetrate, but the giant sequoias are relatively fee ble in reproductive powers, and can bo found only in a few groves. and the aggregate production of cereal In ! 190 increused only 1.7 per cent over that ; of 1899. These figure partly explain the high cost of living. ! A woman' cry, "Bread. bread," ! brought on the French revolution. The J righ cost of living brought on the Amerl- j can revolution'. History has been defined'! as Philosophy teaching by example. I To prevent further advance In the cost' of bread and the riaing prices of all , farm products, which will mean suffering ; for many and a great danger to our free institutions: to maintain a level, if we ' cannot possibly lower the price of farm crops somewhere near the present level and prevent a further advance this Is the utmost that can be hoped for. As the producer Is only making a moderate profit, the only hoe' for checking the riving jf l. es U a vigorous, earnest, con tinuous, preserving campaign for arien tlfto seed selection, mors Intelligent fer tilization that VIII put back Into the soil what the growing crops take out, and more extensive and Intensive farming with modern methods. ( There are three reason for th smaller wheat production In the United States: First Scientific farming la a compar- I atlvely new thing In thla country. Agrl- ; cultural college have been at work but a j few years. j Second The government ltaelf has not done anything like s much a Germany I or Franc to Inform the farmers how to get the biggest crop out of the soil. Thh-d-The very bad banking system which forbade loan to farmer by na tional banks. The farmer had been left to outside loan agencies and have been forced to pay S and 10 per cent for money to buy fertilizer for their farms, whereas G.umanv and France have ot- nized loan companies to finance farmeis at 4 to 2 per cent. . V Yellowstone Hy ' KIJ1F.RT Hl'IHIARD A kind friend at Tellowslona park has sent me a present of a live bear. Hav ing no use for a boar Just now 1 "sent Ms bearshlp to Dr. Ptelnmets with my compliments on suspicion. And now tho doctor returns tho varmint and re grets that the hlKh cost of living pre cludes a ' h'ar" as a pet. Colonel Hretl told me that he could hot make any es timate on the num ler of besrs In Yellowstone park, for the reason that liears play the game alone, but there must br thousands of em. At every hotel there Is a plave called the "hear dump." Here the gar bsgn of the hotel Is curried usually at a certain time, t.ay. nt 6 In the evening. The bear dump used to ho close up be hind tho hotel, but now In most places It has been removed fully half a mile away, thla on account of the fact that a bear has no recognition of the rights of property. He Is an attorney by na ture. He levies on anything ho wants and finds excuse for currying It off. Meum and tuuin are not in his lexicon. One of the kitchen boys was delegated to carry the garbngo away In barrels on a two-wheeled cart every afternoon. This boy found that by scattering gar hagt along the roads dniens of bears would come nut to meet him. He would also occasionally atop and make friends with them by throwing them morsela out of the barrels. IVoars have temperament. No two are alike In disposition. Some ore friendly, others are susplc lous. Some arn selfish, grasping, treasonable. This boy allowed venturesome young bears (o climb up on the cart and help thomxolve out of the barrel. One day lie iillowrd the wrong bear to climb up. The bear lust renched for him once. It was the boy's fault, of course, and he passed In his resignation to the hotel company when thry declined to get him a new suit of clotheR. The next man who drove that caft carried a blacktmuka whip; and when a couple, or young grlzxlles Insisted on climbing up on the cart ho Just Jumped of? the cart and chased them a quarter of a mile giving each bear, according to the Delaware custom, forty lashes, with a few extra for good measure. After that the bents evidently passed the word along, "Whip behind." Btrlct orders are given never' to feed bears at any place except the bear dump. One hotel has a bear known as Joe, who has become a part of the family. He sleeps under the hotel and Is fed out m '"IT?1 v 4 It Will Qe To YourAdvantage to sslact from th Central' Immense gtock of duality furniture, rugs. drap. V l,t0." ' artlolee yon wUl need to complete the fnraishlngs X5m,,"1: If are interested la beautiful home furnishing, a visit to th Central will be an interesting on. We have nvr shown a wider or rnor satisfactory assortment to choose from and this 1 particularly true oi our elsgaat line of oUd mahogany and over-stuff d fomltor. Three Rooms Furntnhed With Quality Furniture Beautiful Rugs and Draping and the v Complete Outfit' for 871.00. A handsome three-plec parlor ault.wlth a massive Kirch Mahogany frame, which 1 polished brilliantly and upholstered with genuine leather; 91 en our price An excellent chiffonier, constructed of solid oak witli five big drawer and a heavy plate iiUr- so cn ror; our price O.OU A dependable gas range, the Utility, with four one-piece hand drilled burners, heavy aat iron top and baae and an extra largs oven; our price $12.50 4 jfiSJt " k'':M' I ill Park Bears of the kitchen exactly as w feed a New foundland dog. Tho proprietor had to put up a strong screen door, not to keep out flics, but to keep out Mlstiih Tlonh. One day Joe found the door ajar and came Into the kitchen, general sacked tho place, helping himself to everything In sight. All at once an old est that had kittens Jumped for Joe. and he went through the window and took -the snsh with hfm. Joe weighs about 6nn pounds. All visitors in the pnrk are warnel never to feed bears out of the- hand and to keep at leaft twenty-five yards away, for a bear, no matter how friendly, is apt tn 'k careless. He la ambidextrous, anil has hands for feet thst art! tn much need of manicuring. The government does not allow any one to kill bears In the Yellowstone un less In "self-defense " The term self defonse, however. Is an elastic one, for the rule of reason applies. There aro hud bears as well aa bad men. A bad bear Is one given to the burglar hal.lt Uriixlicg have a sense of honor and keep their dlstiince. They will feed at the dumping; ground, but they never come up to the hotel end look over t.e register. Occasionally there Is a black bear that will locate the rommlnanry. He will claw the door to pieces, rip off th shutters . and take his own wherever ho finds tt In cases of this kind the soldiers are notified to do their duty. A bad bear Is shot first and tried after ward. The other way to get rid of a bad bear is to put some meat in an Iron cage, at tach a rope to a trap-loor and wait until Colonel Dear goes for the meat and then Irop the door. All you have to do after that 1 to put on an express tag and ship the bear to Kast Aurora or whereve r ho Is needed ' for zoological purposes. The government does not sell brars, but It give them away to scientific gents. , We stood about a hundred feet from the bear dump at one Inn and watched six full-grown black brers and two cuhs Investigating the pifre fod 'labclf on the tin cans. A bear will take a (tin can In his paws, stand up and pour the con tents down his gobble These bears were perfectly oblivious to our presence, not realizing for a moment that there were distinguished people In the party. All at once every bear lifted up his head, sniffed, stood perfectly rllcnt and then v beat It for cover. The two little bear went to the trees a If a summons server was after them. We could not imagine what the trouble was, when all at onco out of th thicket emerged three grizallca. The grizzlies are the bosa of th dump. They are a little slow In getting around, but when they arrive the black bears find is convenient to keep previous engagements. A bear will always got out of the way for a man, unless the man happens to be between a she-bear and her cubs. Then the man may get Into difficulty, but with reasonable care there is no mora danger In Yellowstone park from bear than from horse. Four Rooms Furnished With Quality Furniture; Beautiful Rags and Draperies and the Complete Outfit for 8110 .Th..... . ... A substantial baby walker, finished in rnahogany and set up on castors, our prieo ." $1.25 A massive dlntngr room table, constructed of solid oak. higlifv pnllHhe.it and conHtruct ed aa ail good furniture 1o en should be; our price r I.OVI i '