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.Bee PART TWO EDITORIAL PAGES ONE TO TWELVE PART TWO SOCIETY PAGES ONE TO TWELVE VOL. XLV NO. OMAHA, SUNDAY MOKXINC, SMTHMHKIi KIXUI.K C'OPV FIVE CENTS. HE "" I H Hi JLJJJU'o JWLUAC iL iheir national L, etter onvenxion is Tira FAMILIAR man who stalks briskly to your, door twice a day, year after year, Is In Omaha to stay a week. He la the man who every day kicks his way through the dust of the streets, eplaskea his way through the mud, or slashes his (way through the snowdrifts when the mercury hides In the bulb, In order that you may get your letters from home regularly. Before sunset Monday evening there are to be perhaps no less than 1,600 letter carriers In Omaha, representing all the states In the union. This Is the week of the convention of the National Association of Letter Carriers. A convention, yes, for these brave, smiling men that breese up to the door, drop a letter with cheerful "good morning," and are gone, have i lome Interests of their own to thresh out. They , have problems of life that they must solve for ' themselves. A given number of honrs, each day they de liver letters, postcards and magazines In the serv ' loe of Uncle Bam. After that they are Just men with families at home. After they deliver your letter they hoe potatoes in the garden, squirt city water on the lawn, set hens and raise chickens, read the daily paper by the fire, or bounce the babies on their knees. They are not perfect walking machines In neat gray uniforms. They are human beings with tig, human souls and big, human problems to meet. For twenty years these men have had an as sociation, which has solved one problem after another, and which still haa many problems to olve. Every "year the association gains in mem bership, for every year more and more of the men eee the Importance of being a member of the asso ciation, and each year there are more and more carriers. Now, while Uncle Sam has a reputation ot paying his help pretty well, of paying pretty iromptly and giving no bad checks, still the cost of living has advanced so rapidly that even Uncle Ram has perhaps not always kept informed as to the Immediate price of steak. If he should ever become grossly delinquent in his lack of such In formation, this association will appoint a com mittee to "ducate him most respectfully. Again, this cheerful man In the gray uniform, does not live forever. He cannot be repaired as a machine can. He becomes old In time, and must be discarded. i I. TfTl" Pi ttwra Is another problem. It he has not been able to save from his wages enough to keep him In his old age when he shall no longer be of use to the service, what shall he and his family do? The association knows what It wants Its mem bers to do In these cases. It wants them to be able to draw a regular check from Uncle Sam from a retirement fund for superannuated carriers. Tht association believes and has long be lieved that after a man has given all the years ot his life to the carrying of letters for Uncle Sam, Uncle 8am should take care of him In his last years. So Important does the association consider this matter that it Is the first of the topics men tioned to be taken up at the Omaha convention. They point to the fact that many large corpora tions are now providing funds for such annuities for the superannuated employes. Again, this man who smiles and hands you your letter Is always strictly confined to certain rales. If he be sick In the hospital 160 days he is ont of a Job. Nor Is It necessary that he be In the hospital. If, for any reason, he Is not working at his Job for a period of 160 consecutive days, he Is "fired" In plain English. "No excuses go," is what the department says when a carrier attempts to explain that he was laid up with typhoid fever, appendicitis, a broken leg, c.r any possible complication of ailments. An old veteran of the civil war a few years ego, after carrying mall for almost a quarter ot a century, began to suffer from an old wound. He was compelled to be off duty 150 days. He was notified that he must return to work at once or be discharged from the service. He was unable to return. He sent word ex plaining the facts. "No excuses go," came the stern reply from .Washington. "Surely," said the aged wife of the veteran, "surely they will not discharge you. How can they do It? Vou fought through the civil war, gave those years to the service of your country, nd have given the years since that time In the employ of the government. No it cannot be. There Is some mistake. Surely, surely, a great government like this will not discharge you now and leave us unprovided for." But the red tape of Washington is a machine, not a man with a soul that can be touched. "Discharged," came the order. It were. Idle to follow this sad case further. It la enough to know that cases like these have aroused the carriers to seek the institution of a better system In this respect. So they are asking to have the 150-day rule modified. They feel that in case of sickness or ether good reasons for absence from duty for a period of 150 days a man should not necessarily be dropped from the service. They feel that the figure Is sot at 160 days arbitrarily and without food reason. They feel, in other words, that cir cumstances should Influence the case. Then the carriers want a compensation bill that will provide more liberal benefits to the em ployes than those contained in the Reilly compen sation law. They want the sanitary conditions of the post cfflces throughout the country improved. They want better lighting facilities in the offices be cause they say that many clerks and carriers havo had their sight permantutly and seriously af- Our Letter Carrier Army Total number of Post Offices 56,810 Number of Post Offices having city delivery service 1,759 Number of city delivery carriers. . .32,292 Number of rural delivery carriers. .43,531 Total cily and rural carriers 75,826 Official Figures for the Tear 1914. fected by Improper or artificial lighting. They desire the institution ot a court to pass upon cases of employes who are charged with ot fenses and are recommended for reduction in grade or removal from service. They seek the complete divorcement of poll tics from civil service. These things the carriers seek, and on these points they respectfully negotiate with their worthy I'ncle Samuel, their employer. Then there are auxiliary organizations to the main body. The Ladies' Auxiliary Is one that has ardently fought for years for a sentiment that Is eventually to become strong enough to bring about u pension bill for the carriers and an annuity for the superannuated. Then there is the National Sick Benefit as fociation. Although this association Is but a few years old, It already has in Its membership over one third of all the members of the National Associa tion of Letter Carriers. There are 35,000 mem bers In the big association, and 13,000 in the Sick Benefit. The Sick Benefit has paid $105,000 in the list two years to its sick members, according to Chief Clerk John T. Mugavin of Cincinnati. It pays as high as $9 a week for as many as twenty-six weeks of sickness in any one year. Kvery member of the National Association of l etter Carriers is eligible to the Sick Benefit as sociation. Over one-third of them have already become members. Then there is the Mutual Benefit association, the principal feature of which Is mutual insurance. This pays death losses ranging from $600 to $3,000. This insurance association has paid $2,000,000 in death losses since its organization In 1891. It has a reserve fund of $600,000 today. Officers of the National Association of Letter Carriers have been arriving In Omaha for a week, tidward J. Oainor of Muncie, Ind., is president of the association. George W. Johnson of Columbus, O., Is vice president. Edward J. Cantwell of Washington, D. C, is secretary. Charles D. Duffy of Chicago is treasurer. The local branch of the national association in Omaha has been very busy for months making arrangements and looking after details for the tig convention. The local branch Is known as Gate City Branch No. 6. William Maher of Omaha, presi dent of the local branch, has been especially active in making preparations. Robert J. McAuliffe, re cording and corresponding secretary, has been one of the busy ones. Wr C. Bouk, secretary of the local committee on arrangements, has been the real busy bee of the lot, maintaining headquarters for Borne time at the Henshaw hotel. Each year it has been customary for one of the national officers or leading committeemen to be 'picked from the local branch of the city In which the convention Is held. The local branch endorses some one of Its members for this posi tion. William Maher has been endorsed In Omaha by both the local branch and the state association. A program of entertainment and business has been prepared for the week. Monday afternoon, which Is Labor day, the carriers are to have a big parade in the streets of Omaha. All the delegates, together with the vari ous auxiliaries, are to be in the parade. The vari ous delegations will be headed by their respective bands. On Thursday evening there Is to be a big ball of the carriers at the Auditorium. The con vention Is to be held In the Auditorium also. The Omaha delegates to the convention are to have the week off in order that they may at tend regularly. That does not mean that there will be no deliveries In Omaha, for there are many mall carriers In the city besides those who are delegates to the convention. No, the service will not be disturbed. (H Aii Hv M w II 5 to be Held Sj3i& C A ' r 1 I J V "Ft 1i I f i I H. i ' . 'i . . j Development of Delivery The system of delivering mall by carriers at the houses and offices of persons to whom it la addressed was first introduced in the I'ulted States on a small scale In 1G3. In 1865 free delivery was extended to all p'.actm having a population of '50,000, and such places as in the opinion of the postmaster general might seem expedient. In 1873 the system was extended to all cities of 20,000 In habitants or over, and in 1887 to cities of 10,000 inhabitants whose postal receipts amounted to $10,000, and later to still smaller towns. Provision was made In 1886 for special or immediate delivery of letters within certain limits upon the payment of a fee of 10 cents In the form of a special stamp. In 1896 an experiment of delivering mail to In habitants of rural districts was tried. The roHtilts were so satisfactory that the system has been largely extended, until today scarcely a person re mains In any part of the country who can not have his mall brought to him If he so desires. STORY OF OMAHA POSTOFFICE The Omaha postofflce was established May 5, 1854, by the efforts of Hon. Bernherd Henn, then a member of congress from Iowa, who also secured the appointment of A. D. Jones as postmaster, fa mous for having carried the letters around with him in his hat. The first building used for poBtofflce purposes was a small bouse on Thirteenth street, directly in rear of the Douglas house, David Llndley, who conducted the hotel, taking charge of the mall as Mr. Jones' deputy. Mr. W. W. Wyman was then appointed postmaster, and a building at the corner of Eleventh and Harney was occupied as the post office. Mr. Wyman erected a two-story brick at the northwest corner of Thirteenth and Douglas, using the first floor for a poBtofflce and the upper floor as a printing office, he then being the pub lisher of the Omaha Times. Mr. Wyman was a democrat, and in consequence of Mr. Llno)n's elec tion lost his official poblilon, and Gtorge Smith be came postmaster of Omaha. The office was then moved 1o the building at the northeast corner of Karnain und Fourteenth. A few years later it was uiuvtii to the fetore room under the Academy ot Music, on Douglas street, and here for a year or two John If. Kellom was postmaster. In 1871 Joel T. Griffin was appointed as postmaster, and the office moved to the A. J. Simpson building on Fourteenth street. Then Casper K. Yost became postmaster and, following the example of his predecessors, secured a removal of the office, this time to a store room in the Creighton block, on Fifteenth street. The old postofflce building at Fifteenth and Dodge streets, now the Military Headquarters building, which cost $300,000, was commenced in 1870 and finished In 1874. In 1878 when the de livery system was established, there were but six carriers. In 1889, through the efforts ot Senator Manderson and Congressfan McShane, a govern ment appropriation of $1,200,000, was secured for the erection of a new postofflce building, the cost of the site not to exceed $400,000, the old building proving entlroly too small for the growing needs. In the vprlng of 1892 the contract for the basement was let and the work continued to completion, when the building was occupied, and later enlarged to its present dimensions. rfVHli in Omaha This Week ! ! JIM""" . CbTP fiVOf n l X i vf X "-A : 1 I' j I ' p;.; Y" J U i , J j f Ma ' ' ' - f i a if - V I Jj JLZdz 1 i ft 1 0 it: L U 1 fv -.7 p.m.