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THE OMAHA SUNDAY BKK: FEBRUARY 25. 1917.
13 A GERMANIZING THE BRITISH SCHOOLS Tendency in England Today is Toward Practical, Not Classical Education. LLOYD GEORGE FAVOES IT (Corraapondenc of The Associated Prsa) London, Feb. 7. War has laid a heavy hand on education in Europe, and its effects are felt here not only in the complete derangement of the present educational system, but in the prospect of far-reaching changes after the war. The basis of thes prospec tive changes is the modernizing of ed ucation, making it more practical for coping with every-day business affairs of life, after the American and Ger man methods. This, in turn, has pre cipitated a heated controversy over whether the English school system is to be "Germanized." Premier Lloyd George's recent choice of Prof Fisher, head of Sheffield university, as minister of education was one of the steps to get a practical educator in charge of affairs while the changes were working out. The present effect of the war on education is shown in the reduction of the great universities of Oxford and Cambridge to mere shadows of their former extent. Instead of hav ing about 7,000 to 10,000 students, they are now reduced to the dimen sions of small schools, with about 500 each. There is the same reduction to mere shadows in the extensive sys tem of universities and technical schools throughout the country, at London, Glasgow, Sheffield, Manches ier and all the great cities. All the able-bodied students have gone to the war, and even those not able-bodied are engaged on research work in mu nitions, aeronautics, aviation, wireless telegraphy and map-making for the government. The public schools have been simi larly affected, particularly in the teaching staffs, about 25,000 school teachers having been taken from the regular establishments to join the army. The scholars in the secondary schools have also suffered marked losses, as the top-form boys have fal len within the military age. Even the elementary schools have felt their share of the effects, in the loss of teachers, the military occupation of over 1,000 schools as hospitals, bar racks, etc.; the displacement of 110, 000 pupils by this military occupation of schools; the taking in of 25,000 refugee Belgian children, and the sub stitution of women for men as teach ers. One school has a woman teacher for the first time in sixty years. An other large school has fifty-seven women teachers. Courses in War. Even the courses of study are ma terially changed to a war basis. In one locality there are courses on the western front, the eastern front, the Balkans, the war in the air and naval operations. In another locality war loans, war taxes and similar subjects are discussed. Letters from relatives at the front are regularly read before the classes, as 95 per cent of the pupils have relations at the front. , Much of the composition is on war sub jects. Geography of the. countries at war has been greatly stimulated; also the history of the Balkan and other countries of which little had been known. At one school the boys have constructed a sand map 20x13 feet of Flanders, the Dardanelles and the Trentino front in Italy. It is at the great universities, how ever, that the greatest change has oc curred. At Oxford, which is a uni versity grouping of twenty-two schools, Balliol has furnished 690 sol diers and has had 87 killed; Oriel fur nished 540, 97 killed; Magdalen fur. nished 725, 106 killed; Trinity fur nished 630, 86 killed; Christ Church furnished 1,075, 113 killed; St. John's furnished 485, 59 killed; University furnished 554, 88 killed; Queen's fur nished 403, 42 killed; Corpus Christ! furnished 240, 44 killed. Cambridge shows the same large representation at the front and heavy death lists. Up to the beginning of this year Cambridge had furnished 13.138 men at the front, of which 1.403 had been killed, 1,945 wounded. 213 missing or prisoners. Victoria crosses have gone to five Cambridge men and eight Oxford men, while many other crosses, honors and for eign decorations have gone to the men of both institutions. As a result of the depletion of the universities, foreign students are about alt, that remain. The Oxford cricket team, for instance, is made up of about ten Americana and two or three students from India. At Trinity only four British students re main, these begin exempt from ser vice for one cause or another; at St. John's nine; at Wadham five; and similar depletion all along. The American Rhodes scholars go on as usual, however, with little or no change in courses, although the whole maimer of college life has changed. The academic uniform has given place to khaki, and undergraudates attend courses and teachers give lectures in khaki. Owing to the restrictions on night lighting, some of the schools have given up their traditional even ing services. The work people around the universities also are all changed, all the men servants having gone to war and .women having taken their places for the first time as bedmakers and in the kitchens and butteries. Keble has introduced seventeen women. No Athletics. In athletics, for which the univer sities were famous, there is prac tically a complete suspension. Few of the colleges were able to keep up foot ball or hockey teams. Rowing has similarly been demoralized, ana none of the famous old eights could be kept together. By combining. Magdalen. St. John's, University and New College managed to ship two four-oared . crews which have taken part in some local contests. . Track teams have been completely given up. About the only outward evidence of athletics has been the drilling of squads of university recruits pre paratory to their leaving for the front. Civil Service Shows Big Losses in the Philippine Isles (Corraapondenee of The Aieoc1nte.il Preci.) Manila, Jan. 30. While every bu reau of the Philippine government has suffered in the last six months since the passage of the law which enables the American civil service employe of more than six years' standing to retire on a small pension extending over three years, the bureau of agri culture reports the heaviest loss from resignations and retirements. Fully 50 per cent of the Americans in this important bureau, have left the gov ernment service. Adriano Hernandez, t Filipino, the director of the bureau, In published statements denied that these resigna tions have affected the efficiency of the bureau. He states that for some time past Filipinos have been acting as assistants to the Americans who have retired, thus gaining training to take up the work the Amreicans leave. Of the twenty-one divisions of the bureau seven are now entirely in the hands of Filipinos, while the remain der have American chiefs with Fili pino subordinates training to take their places. in one department that of the vet erinarians the retirement of Ameri cans has caused serious inconven ience. Rinderpest has for years been a dread cattle scourge in the islands. Last year saw It reach a high mark of fatality just when American vet erinarians, already reduced in num ber and crippled in their operations by the small appropriation for their work, were beginning to tire of the service and take advantage of the retirement law. Unlike the other departments, there are few Filipinos competent to take up the work of the retiring veteri narians. There is but one institu tionthe University of the Philip pineswhich teaches veterinary med- HEE BETROTHAL TO MR. ! LOOMIS ANNOUNCED. i Thoto by Heyn. MISS MARTHA DALE. Mr. and Mrs. John F. Dale an nounce the engagement of their daughter, Martha, to Alexander C. Loomis, son of Mr. and Mrs. N. H. Loomis. Miss Dale is a graduate of Lasell seminary near Boston and is one of three sisters who have been very popular socially. Her sisters are Mrs. W. Kighter Wood and Mrs. Sidney Smith, the latter now living in Hart ford, Conn. Mr. Loomis is a Kansas university graduate and a Sigma Chi man. No date for the wedding has been set. icine; primitive farming methods in vogue throughout the country make private employment of veterinarians rare and poorly paid and Filipino youths aspire rather to the learned professions than to those which de mand something akin to manual labor. So when the pinch of retiring vet erinarians was felt the bureau, after exhausting the local supply of com petent men, had to appeal to the United States for other veterinarians. At best these are a poor substitute for the trained men who are quitting since it takes them fully a year to learn the conditions with which they have to cope in the field here. Among the better known Ameri cans who have recently left the bu reau are D. R. Flack, an employe of fifteen years' service, who goes to Pet rograd to join the staff of the Amer ican embassy there; John T. Zimmer, entomologist, who joins the British agricultural forces in l'apau, and M. M. Saleeby, a fiber expert of the bu reau since the inauguration of the government standardization of hemp ana kindred hbers. who resigned to represent in the local field a New York fiber importing company. Death Lurks in Bottle, but Boy Does Not Worry Harry Grossman, 12 years old, 509 South Thirteenth street, came in to The Bee office with a forbidding look ing spider in a bottle. "It's a trantler," he 'said. Which being interpreted means "taranlula," that venomous big spider that is sometimes found in bunches of bananas. Harry found the tarantula at Eight- eentn and cnicago streets. "It jumped at me twice," he said. Then he got the bottle and some sticks and herded the venomous thing in to a place where it can't hurt any one. The tarantula's bite can cause the death of a man. Give your Want Ad a chance to make good. Run it in The Bee. Still 91 ft The disastrous fire of Friday morning which completely destroyed our large estab lishment on Douglas street makes necessary this announcement of a Temporary Location AT . outhlSf 1st National Bank Building We will be pleased to see all having bus iness transactions with the company and those wishing to make payments, at this address. MAI Telephone Douglas 1876 Cause of Explosion On Cruiser Tsukuba Remains Mystery lOneepuinlerue of Tin' AMOclnttMl Prs.l Tokio, Jan. jU, Naval otlicers ridi cule reports that the explosion on the battleship-cruiser Tsukuba on Janu ary 14 wa.i the work of German spies. The Tsukuba sank soon after the ex plosion and the revised estimate shows that 157 seamen were killed and that at least fifty injured. Tile cause remains a mystery, but is explained by a naal man as prob ably due to spontaneous combustion in the powder magazine. That there was not a larger loss of life is due to the fact that about half of the crew were ashore at Yokostika, where the warship was at anchor. Captain Arima had just arrived on hoard from shore when a tremendous roar, which was heard many miles away, and the ship was encased in a pillar of smoke and flames. The concussion blew a hole in the hull through which the water rushed and within a few minutes the ship began to sink. There were 340 seamen and a few officers on board at the time. Many were killed outright and others were blown into the sea. Launches and cutters were dis patched to the rescue. Divers who made an investigation found many dead men seated about the table in the mess room. A number of sailors who were on deck were blown into the air and were crushed to death when they fell again to the deck. The bodies of sixty-two sailors were recovered from the sea and it is believed that the rest are lodged in the wreck of the ship. The Tsukuba was the first large warship to be built in home yards.. On several occasions it had conveyed the late emperor and emv-'tM during naval maneuvers. The warship visited America on the occasion of the Jamestown exposition. It was re garded as rather superannuated and was lately used as a training ship of naval gunnery. Captain Aruna was saved. The pic ture of the emperor, which hung in the ofticers' room, was saved by Lieu tenant Kukumoto. who rushed into the apartment at considerable risk. The ship's flag was also removed by '" " .wii just as the vessel was disappearing. The Charity of Youth. In ihi rrlW vork. Thrlr lottor raa4 a Xot long nfl.r a flrp In town nm- Ho- ; rl,vw,,: ' ton aoititf . hlMrn In ihn Hut. I10UI clinrltvj "Wa ltav bid a fair and made 2o. w fair, liv Mhli-h t-H was rpnlu.d. Thin ,.. itKtidln? It to yoti. PImijic aiva It to Mtim tlny inrwaroVil to ihf r.ttnr of tli.jtlie flr uflvr'-jr. Tmua. Inily. An. P. in. rtiim lt In tli town wlmra llu lire hml o - j v. hop,, the n.iiiarlnf In not all over."' Ney . urretl. since he hail lalton a prominent I'itrt , York Time. Julius Orkin FAMOUS FOR BLOUSES 1508-1510 Douas St. -If You Intend Paying $ 25 to 29 50 For Your New SPRING SUIT This Ad It Bound to Prove Highly Interesting Styles enough to satisfy the most exacting tastes. All the New Spring Fabrics as many new colors as you care to see mod els for Miss or Matron. You would not pay too much if we asked $35.00 to $39.50, our special feature prices for immediate buying 25 '2950 LNJ 9 Hosts of New Spring Coats Specially Priced at $15.00 Other Spring: Suits, , J J Exceptional Values in New Spring Dresses at $19.75 $35 to $65 A $ 1 1 50 fchSsP $ 1 460 ForMitcheUJunior-120-inch 5il5wvvi For Mitchell 127-lndi wheelbase fSLZT wheelbase Latest Mitchells Embody 31 Extra Features 100 Over-Strength 24 Added Luxury 8 Latest-Style Bodies 4K See the Results at the Show Never before, in a single year, has the Mitchell made so many advances. Never before have like standards of strength, like finish and luxury, been shown in any car at these prices. More Extra Values The Mitchell for years has been unique for extra-values due to factory savings. . These are results of efficiency methods employed by John W. Bate. In the latest models we add: Five more extra features making 31 features which nearly all cars omit 24 per cent added luxury, due to savings made in our new body plant 100 per cent over-strength, an nounced for the first time. Mr. Bate has been working three years to thus double our mar gins of safety. All-Enduring Cars This extra value, above all, goes to make the Mitchell a lifetime car. For the past three years Mr. Bate has worked to double our margins of safety. To give to every vital part twice the needed strength. That result is now accom plished Over 440 parts are built of toughened steeL All parts which get a major strain , are built of Chrome-Vanadium, and made oversize. Axles, gears, tteering and driving parts are tll tested or double strength. In two years not a single Mitchell rear spring has broken. So even this part the usual car's weakness seems to be all-enduring. Two Bate-built Mitchells that we know of haw been run over 200,000 . miles apiece. Tbat'i 40 years of ordinary Berries. Many New Luxuries Our new body plant, building all Mitchell bodies, now brings us an other big factory saving. With this we have added 34 per cent to the cost of finish, upholstery and trimming. We are using an extra-grade leather TWO SIZES Mltrhrll-" toomyj-pmiget 81, IVUICnCU ujd, wh.elbaw. A hlfb-apead, economical, 46-horae-powar motor. Disappearing aitra aeata and 31 mn feataraa inclndad. Prkx 91460, f. o. b. Radnm Mitchell Juniorr.'oTZirJ Unit, with 130-1 nob whcelbaae. A 40 hompowar motor tt-inch rmaJlor bon than Jaxgar Mite boll. Pricm $1150. f. o. b. Radnm Alto all atylaaof ancloaad andcoman. ibla bodiaa. Also damuontabla tops. and costly cushion springs to gtvQ you better upholstering. We have built enormous orena, so our finish coats can be fixed by heat. This gives to Mitchells a deep, enduring luster. Their newness doesn't fade. An this without added cost to you. $4,000,000 Features , The 31 extra features, on this year's output, will cost us about $4,000,000. That is, features which other cars omit. Tilings like a power tire pump, eta. No other car, we believe, em bodies more than four of them. These are all paid for by factory savings, due to John W. Bate, In this model plant, plus our new body plant, ws build 98 per cent of tills car. The entire factory was built and equipped under John W. Bate, the efficiency engineer. It has cut our factory costs in two. Here we build fine cars for vastly less than anyone else can build them. And the savings show in a thousand extra values. The greatest sight at the Show, m our opinion, is the extras in MHfMI cars. They may mean more to you, as a car buyer, than anything eta that's tbere. They will lead you, we think, to want a Bate-built car. For, without this efficiency, such things are impossible at anywhere near our price. MITCHELL MOTOR8 COMPACT. Ino. Radna, Wh, U. S. A. J. T. Stewart Motor Co. DISTRIBUTORS 2048-50-52 Farnam St. OMAHA Phone Douglas 138 SPACE NO. 11 OMAHA AUTO SHOW ft