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The Omaha Daily Bee
Want-ad Night Service to 10 p. m. Tyler 1000 THE WEATHER R am VOL. XLVI NO. 259. OMAHA, TUESDAY MORNING. APRIL 17, 1917. TWELVE PAGES. i Trittu. it Hot til. Ntwi Standi, Ett, S. SINGLE COPY TWO CENTS. Allies Co-operate for Great Blow in West REPORT STRIKES ARE DECLARED IN GREATER BERLIN Advices Received in Amsterdam Tell of Walkouts in Metal, Wood and Transport Industries. OF ISOLATED CHARACTER Lare Munitions Factories and General Business of City Not Affected. CAR TRAFFIC IS NORMAL Amsterdam (Via London), April 16. Advices received here from Ber lin say that strikes were declared in Greater Berlin today among a por tion of the metal, wood and transport industries. Other industries, includ ing large munition factories and the general business of the city, have not been affected by the isolated strikes. Tramway traffic in Berlin is normal. Rioting in Berlin Reported. London, April 16. Travelers ar riving in Holland from Germany, ac - cording to a dispatch from Amster dam to the Central News agency, say that a general strike was commenced this morning in Berlin and that riots have taken place in the German cap ital. Turkish Advance In Mesopotamia Is Driven Back London, April 16. The British forces in Mesopotamia have ariven back to their position on the Jcbel hamrin hills'the Turkish forces which made an advance from the hills be ginning April 9, the war office an nounces. Will Hear Railroad Pleas For Higher Rates April 20 Washington, April 16. The Inter state Commerce commission today set Friday, April 20, asi the date of the first hearing in the proposed gen eral .increase of. IS per cent in freight. rates. The following telegram, sent to or ganizations of shippers inquiring as to what action would be taken by the commission, was made public: "Responsive to requests made, an informal hearing will be held by the commission at Washington at 10 a. m., Friday, April M, confined to plan or method of procedure and character oW investigation which should be held in respect to proposed general rate in crease. If tariffs are filed, hearings will be had later on the question of suspending them." Senate Committee Approves The Seven Billion Bill Washington, April 16. The $7,000, 000,000 war revenue bill which passed the house was approved today by the senate finance committee and will be taken up in the senate tomorrow for passage. The committee vote was unanimous and senate leaders expect to make an effort to put the bill -through in one session. Three minor changes were made in the. bill as it came from the house. One was the title to make more ap parent its purpose of assisting in the prosecution of fthe war; another, sug gested by Secretary McAdoO, is to permit funds raised under the meas ure to be deposited in banks not mem bers of the federal reserve system and in trust companies, A third is to more clearly exempt certificates of Indebtedness from taxation. The'Weather For .Nebraska KalU; east; anow west por tion. Temperatures at Omaha Yesterdoyi Hour. Deg. U 5 a. m U l 6 a. m l ' ' 7 s. m 3 5 a. m II ED a. In 47 10 a. m T 11 a. m 411 yY 12 m no Li-""! ' L ll' m V- El P- "1 5 p. m r,9 n .. n- AC 8 p. m Comparative I.ocal Record. 1917. 1918. 1915. 1H. Highest yesterday. . . . S9 62 S3 83 Lowest yealerUay. . .:. 40 46 fir, fit Mean temperature... 50 54 69 67, Precipitation .54 .02 .00 .00 Temperature and preetpltatiori departurea from the normal at Omaha since March 1. .Normal tcmiiernLure 61 Deficiency for the day 1 mM compared with the last two years. Total excess since March 1 47 Normal precipitation .10 Inch Rvcoss for thn day 44 Inch Total rainfall since March 1.. 8.65 Inches Deficiency alnco March 1 22 Inch Deficiency for cor. period, 1916. 2.34 Inchei Deficiency for oor. period, 1915. .S3 Inch Ke porta From buttons-t 7. P, M. station and Slat Temp. High- Raln of Weather. 1 p. m. est. fall. rheyenne, cloudy. 44 46 .00 Davenport, cloudy 50 60 .30 Denver, cloudy..., 52 . 54 T Dee Moines, cloudy.,,. 52 ' 62 .39 (lodge City, cloudy,,.. 68 74 .00 Lander, snow 34 43 T North Platte, clear.... 50 52 1 .01 Omaha, cloutly 6a 69 .54 FueblO, cloudv '.,.;, 63 , ;f3 T napld City, cloudy.... 34 M A Salt Lake City. rain.. 46 '.' ." . T, Santa Fe, cloudy 64 56 .00' Hhertdan, dear 42 46 , .01 Valentine, clear 40 44 .14 I "T" Indicates trace of preclpltlan. - . L. A. WELSH, Meteorollgst. , 'WT-w South American Republics Endorse Stand Take All Except Peru and Chile Un equivocally Approve Ac ceptance of Challenge of Germany. CARRANZA IS NEUTRAL Washington, April 16. Prompt en- dorscmeiUs from South America of the action of the United States in tak ing up Germany's challenge to war are the source of great grtilication to officials of the administration. There remained today but three countries-Ecuador, Venezuela and Co lombiawhich had not defined their positions, and it was believed that be fore the end of the week they, too, would respond. With the exception of '"osta Rica, none of llie Central .American group had declared its attitude, but no con cern over which their sympathy would be placed has been felt at the State department. So far Cuba is the only war spVt in Latin Arm. lea, but the positions as sumed by Panama and Costa Rica place them practically i . the list of warring nations, and almost no doubt remains that Brazil will be at war within a few days. The only govern ments that have not been frank in their endorsement of the step taken by the United States are Chile and Peru, the former confining itself to a formal declaration of neutrality and the latter "deploring" the fact that the United States had been unable to adjust its difficulty with Germany without recourse to war. Following is the way the other Latin American nations whose posi tions are defined were lined up today: Cuba Declared war against Ger many. Costa Rica Offered its ports and other territorial waters to the United BIG MUDDY JUMPS OUT 0FTS BANKS New High Water Mark Breaks Record for Twenty-Four Years. GORGE OUT AT YANKTON ,High water in the Missouri river, caused by breaking of a gorge above Yankton, has brought the stream up to the flood stage, and it is begining to burst on its banks. The water is the highest in twenty-five years. The rise is exnected to continue at ,east twenty.f01ir hours, as the crest is now passing Sioux City, The col lapse of the old Union Pacific bridge thus far is the only damage that has resulted. A rise of a foot or more, which is possible, may be disastrous. It will put the water over the banks at the smelter and. stop the furnaces. Eighteen inches more, it is said, will flood the north portion of the Union Pacific shop grounds and send the water out into the yards at the foot of Cuming street. From above Blair to Pacific Junc tion the river is out of its banks and over the bottom lands, some of the farms being a foot or more under water. Last night the water started to flow into Lake Manawa, but there was no change in the current. From Manawa to the river there is a sea of water, and a number of truck garden ers and farmers south of Council Bluffs have taken their movables to high, lands. At Florence the water has backed up Mill creek as far west as Main street. The bottoms on the Iowa side, east of Florence, are all under water and the river is about two miles wide.. South of Florence and in the vicin ity of the upper end of Sixteentli street the water is flowing over the banks and seeping into an old chan nel of forty years ago. Lowlands at the foot of the bluffs, just east of the Prettiest Mile drive, are over flowed. Lakes Are Full. At Florence lake the water is al most up to the top of the embank ment built by the county. The em bankment shows no sign of breaking. If it holds it will keep the flood water out of Carter lake, which now is bank full from seepage. South of Locust street the water has backed up, filling the low places and driving out a number of squatters from lands ea3t of the railroad tracks. On the low ground south of the Union Pacific bridge many squatters have been driven out. They have taken up temporary quarters with neighbors on higher land. Many of them are living in tents. Driven From Home. ' Surprised by the sudden rise of the river late last evening, Mrs. E. Hud dleston, 120 William street, awoke her three children from bed, one J yean old and the others 4 and 7, respective ly, and wa'ded several blocks to safety. In her rush for safety, the mother did not stop to gather all the clothes of her children. When found by the officer of the Burlington depot, where they had taken refuge, they were greatly suffering from the wet and cold. They were given shelter at the City Mission. . Mrs. Huddleston said that she and her husband had spent two days in banking up their house with dirt against the possible invasion of the water. Her husband was away at the time of the sudden rise, she said. ' - ivSJ States for the war ccds of the Anier- ican navy. Panama Declared its readiness to assist in any Way possible in the pro tection of the 1'anama canal. Brazil Relations broken with Ger many. Bolivia' -Relations broken with Gcr- many. lTp,,iTiiQt. T.'.wlXrepH til arti.tn of Llle uite'a States and characterized Germany's submarine, warfare as an "insult to humanity." Paraguay Expressed sympathy with the government of the United States, "forced into war to rehabili tate the rights of neutrals." Argentina Endorsed the action of the United States as just and right. Mexico Neutral. State department officials believe it possible that the government of Ecua dor may consider itself hound to adopt a somewhat equivocal attitude because of a suggestion made several weeks ago that a conference of neu trals be held at Montevedo to study means for bringing the war to an end. Guatemala's proclamation of mar tial law was still regarded here as a precautionary step takei by Presi dent Cabrera preliminary to a break with Gernianv. It was believed that Honduras, Salvador and Nicaragua, the remaining uncommitted nations of Central America, arc awaiting action by Guatemala and that they will announce their positions immediately after Guatemala speaks. The United States has looked to Latin-America for moral support more than for material assistance, but there has been no disposition to un derrate the very material assistance that might be rendered if it became necessary. Total peace strength of Latin-America's armies is only JJ4.000 men, but the potential powder is sev eral times that and reports from the South American republics have indi cated that no time wilt be lost in raising fighting forces to their full war strength. To the Readers and Patrons of The Bee: Carrying out further my promise to keep our readers advised of the reorganization following my ac' quisition of control of The Bee, I have; to' announce that the duties of associate editor are to be taken by Theodore W, McCullmigh, for many, "years managing ejitor, -while that position is to be filled by Monroe Reeves, . a man of wide newspaper experience in St. Louis, New York and Chicago, who comes to us more directly from the Chi cago Examiner. With this re-arrangement' perfected, . I plan to divide my time more equally be tween the business and editorial sides of the paper. HOUSE GETS BALKY 1 ON CAPITOL BILL Refuses to Agree to 'Senate Amendments to Measure for New Structure. NEW CONFEREES NAMED (From a 8taff Correspondent.) . Lincoln, April 16. (Special Tele gram.) In the longest parliamentary battle of the session, the state house bill providing money for a new wing went to temporary defeat this after noon, when the house took up adop tion of the senate amendments, which provided that plans when drawn should include the complete building. The test came on a motion not to adopt the senate amendments, sus tained. 46 to 43. after one of the most spectacular calls of the house of the session. The vote first, showed 45 in favor of the bill and 44 against. Taylor of Custer, who led the fight against the bill, then moved that a conference committee be appointed, consisting of Richmond, Hoffmeister and Cronin, the two latter strong op ponents of the bill, but Flansburg of Lancaster objected to the appoint ment of the committee being taken out of the hands of the speaker, while Richmond objected to the committee consisting of a majority of members who were bitter opponents of the bill. Taylor . finally agreed that the speaker should appoint the commit tee and the speaker will in the morn ing announce it, while a like commit tee will have to be appointed by the senate. Friends of the bill hope that if the senate recedes from its amendments, the bill will go through, appropriat ing money for a new' wing to the ! present building. . i Death Comes to Brakeman ! v On First Trip Over line . Ashland, Neb., April 10. (Special.) Death on his first trip on the Oma ha and Schuyler division of the Bur inigton railroad was the fate of lirakeman George Johnson, aged 30, this morning. While making a flying switch in the yards at Memphis, the car on which Johnson was riding was derailed, crushing him to death at th switch. Johnson came to the Bur lington from Phillipsburg, Kan. -James McBride, a laborer who lias been -working at the Sprague, Nicely & Purdy grading camp on the Bur lington line between Ashland and Greenwood, was severely injured about the head and face this mprning. N WARNS WHAT WILL BE TRAITORS' FATE Issues Proclamation Informing Citizens and Aliens Treason able Acts Will Be Vigor ously Prosecuted. DRASTIC PENALTIES TOLD Attempts to Shield Those Com mitting. Such Crimes Will Be Treated With Severity, PROVISIONS OF THE CODE Washington. April 16. All persons in the Uniled States, cilizens and aliens, are warned in a proclamation issued today by Preisdent Wilson that treasonable acts or attempts to shield those cniniiiotting such acts will be vigorously prosecuted by the govern ment. ' The proclamation defines treason, citing statutes, provisions of the con stitution and decisions of the courts, and dec'ares that the acts tlcscribed will l,c regarded as treasonable whether committed within the bor ders of the United Stales or else where. Iron Hand for Bomb Plotters. ' Far reaching importance attaches, to the direction of the warning to aliens and the declaration that "resi dent aliens as well as citizens owe al legiance to the United States." and therefore are equally subject to the laws against treason and. like crimes. At war, the United States is in a very dnTerent position from a neu tral. Bomb plotters may now be gripped with an iron hand. Not only are conspirators themselves subject to heavy penalties, but any one, even a German resident who has knowledge and fails to make known the facts to the authorities, may be sent to prison for seven years and fined $1,000 for misprision of treason. . Text of Proclamation. The president's proclamation fol lows: "Whereas, all persons in the United States, citizens as well as aliens. should be informed of the penalties which they will incur for any failure to bear true allegiance to the United Stales: . . - i ..; "Now, therefore, I, Woodrow Wil son, president of the United States, hereby issue this proclamation to call especial attention to the following provisions of the constitution and the laws of the United States: "Section 3 of article iii, of the con stitution provides in part: 'Treason against the United Start's shall con sist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their ene mies, giving them aid and comfort.' Provisions of Criminal Code. "The criminal code of the United Stales provides: " 'Section 1. Whoever, owing al legiance to the United States, levies war against them or adheres to their enemies, giving them aid and com fort within the United States or else where is guilty of treason. "'Sec. 2. Whoever is convicted of treason shall suffer death; or, at the discretion of the court, shall be im prisoned not less than five years and fined not less than $10,000, to be levied on and collected out of any or all of his property, real and personal, of which he was the owner at the time of committing such' treason, any sale or conveyance to the contrary notwithstanding, and every person so convicted of treason shall, moreover, be incapable of holding any office un der the United States. " 'Sec. 3. Whoever owing allegiance to the United States and having knowledge of the commission of any treason against them conceals and does not as soon as may be, disclose and make known the same to the president or to some judge of the United States or to the government or to some judge or justice of a par ticular state is guilty of misprison of treason and shall be imprisoned not ""'re than seven years and fined not more than $1,000.' Penalty for Such Offense. " 'Sec. 6. If two or more persons in any state or territory, or in any place subject to the jurisdiction of the United States conspire to overthrow, put down or destroy by force the gov ernment of the United States or to levy war against them, or to oppose by force the authority thereof, or by force to prevent, hinder or delay the execution of any law of the United States, or by force to seize, take or possess any property of the United States contrary to the authority thereof, they shall each be fined not more than $5,000, or imprisoned not more than six years, or both.'." The courts of the Uniled States have stated the following acts to be treasonable: "The use or attempted use of any force or violence against the govern ment of the United States or its mili tary or naval forces; "The acquisition, use or disposal of any property with knowledge that it is to be, or with intent thatSit shall be of assistance to the enemy in their hostilities against the United States; Held to Be Treasonable. "The performance of any act or the publication of statements or informa tion which will give or supply, in any way, aid and comfort to the enemies of the United States; "The direction, aiding, counseling or countenancing of any of the fore going acts. "Such acts are held to be treason able whether committed within the United States or elsewhere: whether committed by a citizen of the United (Continued on 1'afa Mne, Column four.1 French and British Forces Strike in Big Offensive on Hindenburg Line; Berlin Says . It's "Great Attempt to Break Through" WITH THE BRITISH IN FRANCE Arrow (1) points to the British advance north of the Vimy Ridge and beyond Giv enchy. Arrow (2) show where the Canadians took a mile of German trenches. Arrow (3) indicates the bitter fighting around Monchy-le-Preux. Arrow (4) show where the Brit ish are successfully straightening their line on the Cojeul Our, Flag CHANCE TO FIGHT SPU WECRUITS Fourth Infantry Moves to Fort Crook to Prepare for Mo bilization. . ENLISTMENTS ARE STRONG MUSTER ROLL. Today. Total. Army National Guard .'. 6 Navy I Marine Corps 3 577 238 241 17 1,073 Totals 67 A chance to go away on real war service attracted more than the usual number of applicants to National Guard headquarters. Six men enlisted before noon Monday. Guard officers expect orders send ing the Fourth to Panama or some oilier distant point within thirty days. By mid-afternoon headquarters of the Fourth regiment and the machine gun, supply and headquarters a?id sanitary companies and the sanitary detachment were moved to Fort Crook, in accordance with orders be lieved to be preliminary to the mobilizatitm of the entire regiment there. After the usual Sunday lull the army, navy and marine corps are iiusy again, more than sixty men had examined and enlisted in those branches before noon. Fifth To Replace Fourth, Muster of the Fourth regiment con tinues apd Colonel Baehr and med ical officers are inspecting the com panies, which adds strength to the it'ea the Fourth is soon to go away to war. The Fifth Nebraska National Guard would be federalized to assume the guard jiyork of the Fourth in Ne braska Jrcfare the latter regiment goes awayr Dr. John Dill Robertson of Chicago, chairman of the subcommittee of the council of national defense, hat re quested Health Commissioner Conuell to co-operate in the work of register ing all persons available for govern ment sefvice. This has reference to administrative health officers, labora- !"sy workers and sanitary engineers. GERMANS EXTEND MEXICAN ACTIVITY Teuton Influences Spreading Anti-American, Propaganda . in Southern Republic, BRITISH OIL IS BURNED Washington, April 16. Further ev idences of German activities in Mex ico, spreading anti-American and anti- entente propaganda and exerting Ger man influences upon the Mexican gov ernment, are contained in diplomatic report! passing, through here to Eu ropean capitals. Funds of a number of foreign banks are, reported to. be . in danger. Cir culation of any matter at all favor able to the United States or the en tente is disapproved by Mexican of ficials and the newspaper hi Universal recently was suppressed because of publications disapproved by German agents. The publisher and editors have been summoned before a mili tary tribunal. Property of foreigners, Germans excepted, is said to be in constant, danger; efforts of the German prop agandists and agents being directed especially against materials which might be of assistance o the enemies of Germany. The writer of one of the reports asserts that he has in formation that 12,000 barrels of oil, the property of the Eagle Oil com pany, a British concern, has been burned at Minatitlan. The German bank and the German legation in Mexico City are said in these reports to be dominating Mexi can affairs more than ever, the former having intimately connected itself with 'Mexican finances and the latter guiding and advising the government. Section of Bridge ' Between El Paso ; And Jaurez Falls EI Paso, Tex., April 16. Five Mex ican workmen were injured when a span in the foot bridge, which parallels the International Street Car and Wagon bridge to Juarez, col lapsed early today. The accident occurred at the Amer ican end of the bridge a few minutes before the bridge was opened for traffic after the custjmary twelve hourf of night quarantine. The foot bridge wu crowded with Mexican laborers and servants waiting to cross and the five injured men-fell fiftsen feet to the ground On the river bank. None will die. An investigation showed no evi dence of plot to wreck the bridge. Timbers supporting the bridge were found to have been weak. Traffic over the wagon and street car bridge was continued without interruption. Details Worked Out for Gen eral Attack on the German Front and Indications Are Test of War Near at Hand. BATTLE ALL ALONG LINE Germans Making Desperate Efforts to Hold Out Un,til They Destroy Mines and Factories. VILLERET IS CAPTURED General Haig Reports Gain Which Straightens His Line Northwest of St. Quentin. GUNS AND MEN ARE TAKEN British Headquarters in France (Via London), April 16. With the hot flames of war raging along the entjrc western front, British and French alike, it can be stated that each detail of the offensive plans has been worked out at prolonged confer ences between General Nivelle and field Marshal Haig and the war councils of France and England. 1 lie part to be played by each bel ligerent has been definitely agreed upon and a schedule has been ar ranged as for one great cohesive force. Various tasks have been pre cisely allotted along the wide reach ing Dame lines, ana tne results tnui far attained justify the conclusion the military test of the war is near at hand. British Strike From Arras. ' It was planned that the British should strike from Arras, while the French Buns 'still were roarinar their preparation for infantry hostilities along a wide front farther to the south: The successes gained in the first stages of. the British advance ' have given -the French great confi dence in , the inauguration , of their own enterprises.'-.'' ' . The whole struggle" m the western" theater promises to be a titanic one. The allies are prepared as never be fore, both in material and personnel, and, are 'co-operating with a smooth ness which comes from a complete . understanding and thorough appre ciation of the work, in hand. ' The Germans' ha- more divisions on the)-western front than would have been thought possible a year ago. and,. however, much of an "easterner"' Field Marshal von Hindenburg may nave been in the past, he will have to devote his entire time arid atten tion in wrstsm pventa fnr lnmi weeks to come. Take Over 14,000 Captives. London, April 16. "Since the morning of April 9," says the official report from British headquarters in France tonight, "we have taken over 14,000 prisoners. The captured ma terial includes 194 guns. There is nothing of special interest to report. A heavy rain has again fatten through the afternoon." Great Attempt to Break Through. Berlin (Via London), April 16. "On the Aisne," says an official state ment issued this evening, "a great at tempt to break through with a far distant object has commenced after ten days' mass fire. A bitter fight is proceeding on a forty kilometer-front around our foremost positiojys." French Begin Attack. ' Paris, April 16. The French began an attack this morning after several days artillery preparation between Soissons and Rheims. Several Ger man lines were carried and more than 10.000 Germans were taken prisoner. The official announcement of this success, issued by the war office to night describes the fighting as being of the utmost violence. Germans Send in Reserves. London, April 16. Although Brit ish patrols have been in the streets of Lens and General Haig's men are in the outskirts of St. Quentin, the fall of neither of these towns has as yet been officially announced. ' The Germans, it is apparent, have sent in their reserves, and are making a desperate defense to enable their en gineers to complete the destruction of the mines and factories of Lens which might be useful to the allies. Despie the fact that all along the line between Lens and St. Quentin the (Continued ob Faffe Tw, Column One,) The Sunday Score Advertising in The Bee (Worfield Agency Measurements) Sunday, April 15, 1917 NUMBER OF INCHES i Local Display 1.382V4 Foreign Display "39TA Automobile ..;.v677 Classified 815 Legals ' 9 TOTAL S,281Vi SAME SUNDAY LAST YEAR Local Display. Foreign Display. . . . . . Automobile Classified i legal TOTAL... 2,857 GAIN, 424 H INCHES Keep Your Eye on The Bee.