Newspaper Page Text
THE BEE: OMAHA, FRIDAY, APRIL 20, ' 1317.'
iThe Omaha Bee DAILY (MORNING) EVENING SUNDAY ' FOUNDED BY EDWAKD R03EWATER . VICTOR ROSEWATER, EDITOR ! TUB BEE PUBLISHING COMPANY. PROPRIETOR. tntarad mt Omaha poatoffica mm ttcotij-dtn mattar. TERMS OF SUBSCRIPTION. B, amir. R. UHL flail sad Buflflar par moalh. S5 Bar.'. $8. so n-i'ir vmboiu Mania " " - CtantBB and Buaaa, " ' M Urania! without Buadaj " 1-2S unda Bm onlr . "JO" " JJ rtatl. ana Bundar Bm. thrvt Taaia In sdvane I!.M Bcn4 vntlM ri caanas of addrsss or tmiulana la Bslltsrf to Oausa Bm, Circulation Doptftawnt. ' ' REMITTANCE Ranut Mt srifl. tipfuo or petal ordar. On! -float sunns tikoo II riratwl or small areounts. Paraoaal ease, taeopl aa Oaaaa and aaaura Mcsaaia. sot accaptaa. OFFICES. ftaiata TM too Balldlns. Oaicaio rantf1 Gas BuilaUl. 8-nitB ,Omaa-ll ! Bt. Krw Tort 3 fifth At, rounrtl llaffa-14 !. Mali Bt Bt. lolo-No . tf L!neola-mtIs BuHdlns. Washington -7 HtaBt N. W. , CORRESPONDENCE jtnartt ataaainalratletia relating to aawa ana sdltsrlal "attar It Omaha Bm. Editorial Pswrtmsat , FEBRUARY CIRCULATION 54,592 Daily Sunday, 50,4gg tman MnularM for too inontna nbocrtbtt aad rwora u J arolBBI vtuitaaia. wnviisiioa " " '. '.. .i L....U k. TT.A Mm aaailaj Sutocraasra laavin - ' I r.j MM Una.. Aadraaa chaniaal fasjmalaal ' Don't be i Blacker, Clean upl f Soda water and ginger ale, we take it, are to 'remain permissible. ! ' "Do your bit!" is a fitting follow-up to "Brighten the Corner!" i r Cape Cod loomi large in the naval icare belt. Emphasis on the last syllable. ; Looks like a few labor troubles impending litre in Omaha. Get togetherl i Well, here's hoping that nothing in our new prohibition law will operate to atop the flow of grape juice. I The spring drive of the rake, the paint brush and the broom makes for health and home com fort. Go to it. .. - '- One peculiar attribute of the devoted pacifist ', hit readiness to fight for his views against any who differ with him. ' v S Butter and egg prices going up may pass beef and pork prices on the way, but the "h. e. of I." goes on just the same. Army officers no lest than aliens might profit ably heed the Gregorian injunction, "Obey the lav.- and keep your mouth shut," ; The legislature has tet Friday evening for ad journment, but this doesn't mean the solons won't be there till Sunday morning. The home guard must not forget for t mo ment that opportunities for service behind the line call for physical, not vocal action. ; Warnings of Subset sea-serpent! in the Pa cilic prove to be false alarms. Just a repitition of the usual summer resort sea-serpent yarnl . The house military committee says "No" to the administration army plan. The house com nlittee, however, does not have th whole say nor the last say. ' In former years Arbor day exerted one dis tinct pull "Plant trees." This year patriotism : overshadows sentiment and calls for food crops. Trees can wait, if necessary, : The time for debating the wisdom of our en tering the war is over. The only thing to do now ; it to stand firmly for the United States at against all enemies at home and abroad. ; The reason for "no aeparate peace" it the same .today as it was' when the thirteen American eol- oniet were fighting their war for independence. United we stand, divided we fall I ' , The Austrian cardinal who presided at the ceremonial prayer meeting where Emperor . Charles vowed to erect a church if given victory appropriately enough it named Fiffi. ' Germany'i assurance that none of itt subma rines are present in American waters will be put down along with tevcral other ttatementt that have cVme out of Berlin aince the war begun, ' under the heading of "important if true." Omaha may not entertain volunteer army offi . cers at their intensive training camp, but we will enjoy the greater privilege of being host to a large assemblage of soldier boys when the rendezvous at Fort Crook begins in earnest. ! 'In the matter of the vetoes,. Governor Neville has not kept up even with Governor Morehead, who did en rare occasions kill an objectionable bill or two. It is surely not because some of the democratic legislative output ought not to be vetoed. I Man has no monopoly of physical courage. The notion is an enlargement of the male ego. There are innumerable instances in everyday life . of womanly courage, endurance and heroic forti tude which are not surpassed by the records of the trouserod crowd. Enlisting the Railroads Now York World The new Adamson bill empowering the presi dent to take over railway, telegraph and telephone lines "in case of actual or threatened war ia a fateful precedent and landmark in our history. Under it the president can commandeer for national service alt railway, telegraph and tele phone lines, or say how they shall be managed. Nor will these powers lie dormant. , We may need to put checks on messages, to reduce the num ber of passenger trains, to curtail shipments of luxuries and give food, war material and neces- . sities the right of way. These things have been done in England. On a far smaller scale they were done here' during the civil war. More startling are the provisions for conscrip tion of persons. From section hand, brakeman nd engineer up to general manager and. presi dent, they may all be aet at work for the country (there experience maket them useful. For this also there is precedent among free peoples. This bill measures how far and at what speed we have come from Jefferson's best government, that "governs least. No other human activity so compels socialization and centralization as does modern warfare. And aince in all the great nations engaged it will be impossible at the re turn of peace to unsocialiie and-decentralize vital industries to quite the degree previously existing, it may be necessary for future historians to - reckon that modern times began on August 1, 1914 . ,. .. ,. Whither W Are Drifting. . The obstacles that are being put .in the way, in congress, of the measures deemed by the presi dent necessary to vigorous .prosecution of the war show" that, despite the object lesson furnished by Great Britain's costly experiences before buckling down to business for the fray, we will probably have to go through the same ordeal. Differences of opinion as to whether we should, or should not, have entered thewar count for nothing now. Being in it; we must bend every energy to accomplish our object, and those who do not want to help must at least refrain from obstructing the, work in hand. After invit ing the enemy to do his worst it it suicidal for us to hit at him with the soft end of a feather duster. If the chairman of the house military affairs com mittee and the majority of his associates are op posed to pushing the war in earnest and refuse to change their present tactics, it will devolve upon the house to get another chairman of that committee and reconstitute its membership. If the controlling democratic majority in the house is not ready to co-operate effectually with the president of their own party faith, a realign ment of the house across party lines will become necessary, as it did in Great Britain, and control will have to be assumed by a coalition majority. And if a coalition party made up of the ag gressive forward-looking democrats and repub licans and independents in both senate and house take the reins in congress, it will be necessary for the president, likewise, to make his administration accord with his supporting forces and give us a coalition cabinet with the strongest and best equipped leaders in the whole nation at the head of each department, regardless of previous polit ical affiliation, just as has come about in Great Britain. Finally, if Jhis is to be the outcome, it will be well for one and alt to realize, quickly what is ahead of us and to begin to shape our action in that direction. . Department of Agriculture The Biggest School in World By Frederic J. Haikin Socialistic Intrigue in Ruttia, Pledges given by the provisional government of Russia to not negotiate any separate peace brings great relief to the allies. Some natural ap prehension had disquieted the governments whose fortunes are bound up with the Russians as to the disposition of the men who are in control at Petrograd. This was increased by the announce ment of the progress of a commission of German socialist leaders toward the Russian capital, with the thought of inviting their "comrades" to desert the entente. This intrigue, supported by the Prussian leaders, is nullified hy the assurances now obtained from Milyukoff and his associates. The. German schemers, who head the move, showed either astounding simplicity or impudent duplicity. The socialistic embassy was empowered to carry promises, but had no authority whatever to give guarantees. Separate peace with Russia would surely prolong the war, and might even lead to triumph for the Prussian autocracy over other of its foes. Such an outcome would cer tainly be followed by the restoration of the Romanoff dynasty, probably as a vassal of the) junker ruler, for Prussia could not abide another republican neighbor.' So transparent in all its details it the plan of the radical socialists of Ger many that it lacked support of a considerable v tug of the party, and its only menace lay in the fact that it might find welcome among Russians equally visionary. The Russian people have won their freedom, and for the time must maintain it themselves. They can not at this time look for any help to Germany, nor until the German socialists have freed themselves will they ever be able to assist others to freedom. One Hundred Per Cent Men. The naval recruiting, station 'at Omaha points with pride that itt contribution to the new navy hat passed 100 per cent. Not a man of the Hun dreds tent" out from here for the service has been rejected for any cause. It has long been known that the real men of the navy come from the west, the "corn field" sailors surpassing in gen eral qualities those who are reared within sight of "tide water." Nebraska and itt neighbors add annually to the strength of the nation by the con tribution of splendid men to the fighting forces of Uncle Sam; but not only to the military does this region provide manhood that stands the most severe tests, but to every phase of- national life. The sturdy and vigorous youth of the middle west, full of energy born of life in the open, air, with notions unrestricted by the influence of over crowding, it the best of our country's resources. One hundred per cent men come from out of the west. ' , Washington, D. C, April 17. Almost three years ago congress passed a law which hat been repeatedly described by men qualified to judge as the broadest and most significant educational act ever adopted by any nation in the world since history began. This act (the Smith-Lever exten sion act) has been operating for three years now, and it promises to do all that was expected of it. Yet there are very few Americans, even among those directly affected, who realize what a big measure it is and what immense changes it can work in our national life. The Smith-Lever act is a law providing fuwU for teaching the people in the rural districts of the United States the most successful methods of farming. But by successful farming it means a great dcil more than raising the greatest possible number of bushels to the acre. Successful farm ing means a successful solution of the whole problem of rural life; it means checking the rush to the cities by making possible a full and com fortable life in the country; it means a balancing of our whole national economy by building up a country life that shall be as attractive as city life, and thus gall ;ring t contended rural population as large as is necessary to settle questions of production. The farmer is a conservative citizen. The sys tem of sending him printed booklets and printed directions is all right, but it has its limitations. The best way to convince him is to send a prac tical man to his farm and show him how to do it. Let him tee the process and the results with his own eyes, and put the profits in his own hank account, and he is an enthusiastic convert. The method of teaching by actual demonstration is better than all the other methods put together. This fact has long been recognized, and dem onstration work was no new thing when the Smith-Lever act provided for an increasing an nual expenditure by state and nation for the pur pose that will eventually total ten or twelve mil lion dollars a year. But the system will effect demonstration work on a new scale. It will mean that every one of the 2,850 rural counties in the United States will have two county agents for demonstration work, probably a man and a woman in each. Already more than 1.300 rural counties have such agents. Every agent is in touch with all the work that is being done on farm problems in all the different states and in the federal department. The plan will put every farmer in touch with all the farm work that is being done in the United States. If a farmer in Oregon or an experiment station in Florida works out a new method, the farmer in Iowa or the farmer in California can learn how to use it a week later. Without such a system he might not even hear of it for three seasons. The demonstration method has the great merit of convincing the most skeptical by piling up re sults before their eyes. It usually has to work that way. For instance, there was a county agent out in Arkansas who got into a community that laughed at the idea of new methods. The agent got one farmer to plant a demonstration acre of corn. That farmer was an object of public pity. Neighbors drove from miles around to implore him not to waste his time and money. Later they came to sit on his fence while he worked his land in the new way, and laughed at him, calling him a "government farmer" and a "book farmer," and predicting dire disaster.' About three monflis later they were driving over again, but this time to wonder at his corn. He harvested fifty bushels to the acre, while the average for the neighbor hood was twenty bushels. That neighborhood was converted. The first farmer became a volun teer co-operator with the department, one of an army of 770,000, most of whom enlisted in some what the same way. Demonstration work is not by any means con fined to crop work. It covers every detail of rural life. The women county agents work ex clusively in the household, helping in matters of cooking and preserving, saving labor, teaching sanitary methods, taking up the social side of life, and doing much to render the country more at tractive as well as more profitable. The -work with boys and girls has become well known all over the nation, through such features as pig clubs and corn clubs. Very often the boy or girl is the best way to reach the father or mother. American Airships Commended. A report lately made to the government by a board of naval experts says that the American built airship is equal to the best Europe has yet produced. In fact, the aeroplanes and hydro planet built on this side have some advantages in design, while the fighting aircraft are actually su: perior to the models employed by the European armiet. Our scouting flyers are of the best type, and are capable of meeting the extremest require ment! of service. This is not at all surprising, when it is recalled that the aeroplane it an Amer ican invention, and, while our aviators have not been put to the supreme test of war, their experi ments have not slackened. Army airmen had good tryouta last summer, when Pershing's column in Mexico was well served by the flyers. Our wavy, too, hat kept pace with all achieve ments, the only thing lacking being plenty of the machines. A sufficient number of aircraft is to be prurided, and men to handle them will be ready in good season. Report has it that many vineyards in the ter ritory surrounding Omaha' have been winter killed, or, at any rate, show no tigns of bearing this year. The grape vines must have gone on a strike last fall when they heard that Nebraska had voted to go 'Mry" the first of May. Presidential warnings merely emphasize how easily trouble may be found by those seeking it. Citizens sore, at heart through kinship ties, yet determined to do right, are assured safety by practicing the Gregorian motto: "Obey the laws and keep your mouth shut!" Ambassador Gerard tells how Grand Admiral von Tirpitt planned to collect a bunch of war indemnity from the United States. Enforced re tirement it one of the least of the grand admiral's disappointments. ' ' A real tug of war is being staged between President Wilson, and the house committee on military affairs over the new army bill. Odds are in favor of the president, at this juncture The results of the work already are greater than most people realize. Last year there were over a million demonstration acres planted. Work was done in 32,000 orchards; 60,000 head of pure blooded aiock were bought for breeding at the instigation of agents. Over 300,000 boys and girls were enrolled in clubs. On the domestic side, there are such figures as 27,000 homes screened, 2.S00 water systems installed, 2,500 community clubs organized. County agents last year traveled a total of 3,500,000 miles. Figures are cold things, but behind each of these figures are facts that would make an interesting book. ' Cme of the most significant features of the work is the hearty co-operation that makes it suc cessful. Nation and statu; and county are work ing togetlier. All the loose and disjointed exten sion activitiet of the past are caught up into a aingle amooth whole. This co-operative machine promises to give effective service in any steps that may have to be taken for the regulation of farm work and farm life in the present emer gency. Such a step it already indicated in the action of Secretary Houston to create an organi zation extending into every state through which the activities of the federal government can be carried on. Co-operation means results. Our Fighting Men George O. Squier. Lieutenant Colonel George O. Squier, who it in charge of the army aviator service, was born at Dryden, Mich., in 1865. Graduating from West Point in 1887, he added to his scientific knowl edge by a course at Johns Hopkins university. He has had a full, and highly creditable record in the army as an expert in charge of the signal corps. In the war with Spain he acted as chief signal officer of the Third army corps. For two years, 1900-1902, he was intrusted with the work Of laying cables in the Philippines, the work be ing undertaken at great risk owing to the hos tility of the natives. In 1912 he was named as military attache at the American embassy in Lon don. While in London he perfected his invention of the multiplex telephone. His attainments as an electrician and mechanician and his resourceful ness as an inventor made the choice of Colonel Squier seem a natural one to men ip the army acquainted with the needs of the aviation section of the signal corps. . Admirat Mayo. Admiral Henry T. Mayo, the sandy-haired Ver monter now in command of the Atlantic fleet of the United States navy, upon whom much will depend for the skillful execution of orders from Washington, has served in the navy since 1876, the vrar rtf hi. irraHnation from Annannlla Rv rl899 he had risen to the rank of lieutenant-com mander, and in the war with Spain he made a creditable record. In-1907 he came into command of his first vessel, the Albany. Since that time he has forged ahead, with alternating land and sea appointments, among the former being service at the Naval War college, command of the Mare Island navy yard, and aide for personnel at the Navy department. In 1916 he became commander of a division of the Atlantic fleet. It was while on this assignment, when he demanded that Huerta salute the Stars and Stripes, that he uo held the honor and dignity of the American flag and-uniform in a way to give him world-wide fame. Among his associates Admiral Mavo is known as just a plain, ordinary, unassuming two fisted sailorman who has been tending strictly to business for the period of more than forty years that ha tiaa ktkatM n .1 Tni"ta Q i wi ' nttal at. a!,!-. a , ..... ... ... w...v . ...... ...... Proverb for the Day. A fool and hit money are Boon parted. One l'eat. Ago Today In the War. British driven from a trench and two craters about Ypres. British at Kut-el-Amara reported to be in critical condition. French took by storm German trenches on both sides of the Meuse at Verdun. In Omaha Thirty Years Ago. Arthur Kemingtoi and .Miss Georfri ana McCormlck were married at the MuCormick residence. Eighteenth and Capitol avenuet by Rev. A. F. Sherrill of the First CongreKallonal enurch. D. M. Fretwell, assisted by Edward Allen, conducted an auction sate of tickets for the Edwin Booth engage ment at Boyd's opera house. The two boxos sold ,for f 25, while Guy Barton sofe'-, Iawun EDWIN bought the proscenium left-hand box for the first night for $40 and John T. Clarke secured It for the remaining two nights at the rate of (35 for each night. Messrs. . William Wallace, George Wallace, E. L. Stone, Captain Rustin, J. T. Bell and George Guy formed a board of appraisers to pass upon the value of a piece of property, about half an acre In extent Just west of the new bridge, which belongs to Lin inger & Metcalfe. Inspector O'Donovan, who has had charge of the construction of the Eleventh street viaduct, says that but a few sections of the hand rail re main to be put in place. At the meeting of the Seventh ward democrats John T. Boyd and James Megeath were nominated councllman-at-large and councilman, respectively. The delegates to the convention ap pointed were Christopher Daniels, C. W. Brooks, Louis Soy, Samuel Cotner, J. J. Mahoney, Cyrus Morton and Frank Robbins. .t a meeting of the Omaha Gro cers' association the following names of new members were added to the roll; J. T. McVittle, J. Mulvihill, J. C. McGuckln, C. D. Sims. R. Engle man, Jacobsen ft Tlmmenson, R. B. Patton, Chris Grotmack. Hammond & Co., Hitch & Son, James Whelan and T. W. Smith. This Day In History. 1889 Provisional government was established In Massachusetts, with Si mon Bradstreet as governor. 1791 Henry Burden, inventor of the horseshoe machine, born in Scot-' land. Died at Troy, N. Y., January 19, 1171; 1861 Partial destruction and aban donment of the Norfolk navy yard by United States forces. 1874 Bllboa, which had been be sieged by "Carllsts, relieved by Mar shal Concha. 1894 Announcement of the be trothal of Grand Duke Nicholas (re cently deposed from the Russian throne) and Princess Allx of Hesse. 1898 President McKinley signed the resolutions of congress and an ultimatum to Spain was cabled to Min ister Woodford. The Day We Celebrate. , John Paul Breen, attornay-at-law, is 61 tjday. He was born at Lock port, 111., and has been corporation council and also once republican can didate for mayor. Former United States Senator Joseph H. Millard Is to be congratu lated on having eighty-one birthdays to his credit today. He was born in Canada, but Ib a prominent and no table figure in Omaha history from the early days. He is president of the Omaha National bank. i Cardinal Farley of New York born In County Armagh, Ireland, seventy five years ago today. Louis Ma.nn, well-known actor of the American stage, born in New York City fifty-two years ago today. Daniel Chester French, one of the foremost American sculptors, born at Exeter, N. H., sixty-seven years ago today. James D. PhSlan, United States senator from . California, born In San Francisco fifty-six years ago today. Dr. August Hoch, noted New York pathologist, born In Basle, Switzer land, forty-nine years ago today. David J. Bancroft, shortstop of the Philadelphia National league base ball team, born at Sioux City, la., twenty-nye years ago today. Timely Jottings and Reminders. Cardinal Farley of New York cele brates his seventy-fifth birthday anni versary today. "Agricultural preparedness" is to be the keynote of the annual celebra tion of Arbor day in Indiana today. Nearly 26,000 employes are to be thrown out of employment today by the closing down of the shoe factories In Lynn, Mass. One hundred and thirty-nine officers will be added to the army by today's graduation of the first class of cadets at West Point. Today has been fixed as the date for a hearing of the National American Woman Suffrage association on the senate joint resolution, for universal suffrage. The measure was introduced in the upper house by Senator Jones of New Mexico. . . Storyette of the Day. Bismarck one evening attended a gathering of prominent men- at the house of a . Russian nobleman. . Dur ing all the conversation he was par ticularly sarcastic,- cuttings friends and opponents unsparingly. When heose to take his leave and walked down stairs the host called a pet dog that was frisking about and led him to one side. " "Are you afraid the dog will bite me?" asked Bismarck. "Oh, no," replied the host; "I'm afraid you'll bite the dog." Argo naut. . . . VIVA, LA FRANCE! Ollvor Wendell Holmes. The land ot lunahlne and ot aonf! Her norao your henrta Slvlno; To her the banquet'! vowa belons Whoae brraato have poured Its wine; Our trusty Mend, our true ally Throurh varied change and ehanye: Mfio. fill your (laahlnt (oolete high I live you, Vive la Franco! Above our hosts In triple folds The selfsame colors spread. Where Valor's faithful arm upholds The blue, the n-hltr, the red: Alike each natlofi'a flittering crest Reflects the momlnaa fiance ' Twin eaflea, aoarlnf eaat and west: Once more, then. Ytve la France 1 Sister In trial! who shall count Thy fenoroua friendship's claim. Whose blood ran mlnallnf In the fount That favo our land its name. Till Torktovrn saw In blended line Our conquerlnr arms advance. And victory's double garlands twine Our banners! Vive la Franca! O land of horoea! In our need One flft from Heaven we crave To stanch these wounds that vainly Itlecd- The wlae to lead the brave! Call back one captain of thy past From gtory'a marble trance. Whose name aholl be a bugle-blast . To rouse us! Vive la Franc! Btriiemla, a Second Belgium, Lincoln, Neb., April 1 To the Editor of The Bee: Although the kingdom of Bohemia Is politically a part of Austria and, therefore,1 tecn nlcally a atate belonging to the Cen tral Powers, It ia nevertheless treated exactly as If It wjere a conquered enemy country. Bohemian or Czech workmen' have been deported by the thousands to Germany or Hungary, where they are compelled to work like slaves. Many thousands of these men who are really too old or too disabled to serve In the army were, at the out set of the war, put to work in the famous Skoda munition factories in Pllsen, Bohemia. The Skoda gun factory Is second only to the Krupp work in Essen. The places of these munition workers deported out of their native- land have been tancn ty other laborers, such as Belgians de ported by Germans, Croatian from southwestern Austria who refused to fight against Serbians, Poles who would not enlist in the German or Austrian armies after the central Powers so magnanimously (?) gave freedom to the Poland they took from Russia, reserving their own plices of the Polish pie for further exploitation. The Bohemian workmen thus deport ed have been forced to go to the Ger man war front or to serve under Ger man masters in trench digging or hard field labor. Austria gives no protection at all to its Czech citizens, Jits only thought being, apparently, to get rid of as many mutinous Slavs as possible. This policy has been pursued espe cially with regard "to the Cxfechs ever since tfto outbreak of the war, when the Twenty-eighth, the "crack" regi ment of Prague, Bohemia, deserted to the RuMan army rather than to fight against their brother. Slavs. vThe late Emperor Francis. Joseph, In reprisal, immediately had a regiment mo.biliaed consisting ot the sons of the men in the famous Twenty-eighth all of them mere boys of 17 or 18, but the offspring of the most prominent men of Prague in literature, Journalism, music, art, science and business. This regiment of boys was then sent to the Italian front and placed in the most exposed positions so that at the first f uk Hade from the Italians all but five fell dead. After this Emperor Francis Joseph published his dastardly mani festo In which he stated The blood of this regiment of Prague's most promising youth has washed away the stain of their fathers' desertion." It is no wonder that the vicious Francis Joseph's proclamation embittered the Czechs a thousandfold against auto cracy in general and Austria in par ticular. ' ! When the reply of the allies to President, wnsons note was puo Hshed, Austria was a perfect bedlam. The first thing the Vienna government hastened to accomplish was to try to force the Bohemians to repudiate the entire program of the allies, which, it will be remembered, distinctly de mands the independence of the CzecJis and Slovaks. At the point of bayonetfe they tried to make the Czech Journalists write editorials as serting their loyalty to Austria and opposition to all terms ot the allies. Every editor who refused to publish the government's fabrications was put in prison and hundreds of persons were seriously injured in the ensuing demonstrations. Prague Is today under- military rule and ever since the terms of the allies became known the deportation of Bo hemian workmen has continued on a, constantly growing scale.- Bohemian soldiers ore systematically removed from their regular regiments and are distributed among Magyar and German troops. In every way the Austrlans take care to weaken the Czechs, who might attempt to imi tate the example of the Russian revo lutionists. The confiscation of newspapers and books and all publications even dis tantly hinting at Bohemia's hopes, po litical or national, .began Immediately at the outbreak of the wan. School books which contained any reference to the linguistic connection between Bohemian and the Russian languages were at once condemned. Songs or poems in which occurred the names of Slavic sister nations such as the Serbians or Russians were burned... All of the works of Prof. Thomas Masaryk, the exiled leader ot the "Free Bohemian" party, the novels and articles of Joseph Sv. Machar and of all other friends of Masaryk were collected and confiscated. Collections of songs published years ago, contain ing "HeJSlovane" (Hail, Slavonians) and "Sbohem, Stara Praha" (Fare well, Dear Old Prague) were likewise removed from sale and the singing of these familiar tunes prohibited under pain of imprisonment. In hundreds of cases the penalty was suffered. The force method of Germanization is ex emplified in the wholesale distribution of books of instruction in the German tongue with commands forbidding the use of every other language. Within the last month Bohemia has been redistricted in such a way as to give the Ji or 6 per cent of the Ger man minority in each district an ab solute majority in the Austrian Par liament. 'This was 'done on the direct request of Gertnahy, which insists that all Bohemian national life must be crushed out.' The official language is to be German and-the Citech tongue absolutely forbidden in all official or public business. When it is considered that the Bohemians' fairly "fought, bledand died" in years past to win that much -recognition for their lan guage by Austria, this summary and "unchangeable" measure is more than ever calculated to arouse the in tensest to feel FreshandFit you must keep your stom ach well, your Jiver active, the bowels regular, and your blood pure. Your physical condition depends on the health of these organs. When anything goes wrong just, take a few doses of Beecham's Pills and avoid any serious illness. They are a fine corrective and Ionic for the system, and a great help in maintaining gooid health. A single box will prove the remedial value of lEEEIIArfS FILLS Unm UU f A ay MkI. tn Am Wort. Sid vrvrywkar la box, 10c, 25c antipathy among the Czechs to the Hapsburg-Hohenzollern rule, The imprisonment and execution of so-called traitors who are seized on the most flimsy evidence and convicted without trial, continue to inflame the Czech people and other Slavic nations of Austria who are loyal to their demo cratic traditions. Since the beginning of the war there have been over 4,000 executions for treason in Austria and fully half ot the victims have been na tives of Bohemia. The case of Alice Masaryk. a promi nent young woman in the educational world, who was seized and kept in a filthy Vienna prison for sixteen months on the charge of treason, when the only evidence against her was that she was the daughter of Prof. Masaryk, the leader of the movement for Bo hemia's freedom, arrested the atten tion of the western world. It was only after protest by such women as Jane Addams, Mary McDowell, Grace Lathrop and hundreds of other so cial workers, who became personally acquainted with Miss Masaryk at the time of her visit to the United States, that the Austrian government saw fit to release her. In Bohemia it Is a crime to dig po tatoes out of one's own garden except under supervision of the military. Any number of Czechs have been put into prison for daring to take a few pota toes out of their own fields, even though these same people were ac tually ill because ot hunger. AH grain, potatoes and vegetables in Bohemia are confiscated by the government and turned, over to Magyar (Hungarian) and German regiments. It is an ac tual facT that Czech soldiers are each week allowed only one-sixth the amount of rations furnished the Teu ton and Hungarian soldiers. The cleverest men in Bohemia, the Journalists, professors, students and musicians have been systematically placed in the most exposed and dan gerous position in the war lines. Every kind of discrimination is practiced in order to deplete the ranks of Bo hemia's most capable men. It is a war of extermination which Austria, blind henchman of the frothing war lord, is .waging against the most pro gressive and cultured state in its em pire. SAKKA HRBKOVA, Head of Department of Slavonic Lan ; guages, University of Nebraska. LINES TO A LAUGH. '"Somebody said the other day thy be- , lieved BIiktb was a subnormal man." ''He tnuat be. He told me himself that his son was a rood child, but not a bright one," Baltimore American. "These beauty parlors are paradoxical." "In what way?" "They give wrinkles on how to remove them." Judge. A Y0LMS- AVM CALUNG ON ME SAVS IF I VONtitMtoW UJHAr SHALL I J)o f HlfAlTtl)ILLi1TE5ME WMCr. TAKE VCUR CHOICE jjr - Ooeoooe "Bragg tells me ho got mixed up in a scrap yesterday," "Old he got the best or it?" "Of course; otherwise he wouldn't have said anything about It." Boston Transcript. "What did you think of my paper at the Browning club?" "I thought it by far the best one your Husband ever wrote (or you." Deroit Free Press. Play Tour Own Accompaniment '-easy to pedal '375 $2.50 Per Week f 10-YEAR GUARANTEE GENUINE MAHOGANY, WALNUT OR OAK This Gulbransen-made Player Piano is FIT FOE A KING. There are no better Players than those the Gulbrahsen-Dickinson Co. builds. Some of the Play ers built by the G.-D. Co. are more expensive than this one at $375; but, we repeat, this special Gulbransen-made instrument would not LOOK. SOUND or BE out of place in a King's palace. WE stand behind it willingly enthusiastical ly with our Expert In spection Service the very same Service we give with Thousand-Dollar Players and the Gulbransen Dickinson Co. guarantees its materials and work manship for TEN YEARS. Some of the wealthiest people own them. And WHY NOT? Men and women who have MADE money know jiow and WHEN to SAVE money. Demonstrations daily any hour. Evening demon strations by appointment. A. HOSPE CO. THE VICTOR STORE 1513-15 Douglas St.