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THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: MAY 13, 1917. ATTACK ON WAR TAX BILL IHCONGRESS Violent Protests Made Against Many Features of Measure in Both Houses at Washington. Washington, May 12. While the house debated the $1,800,000,000 war tax bill today, the senate finance com mittee heard violent protests from in terests on which the new war levies would fall. Manufacturers, who would have to pay the increased excess profit tax, distillers, brewers, soda fountain in terests and tobacco companies, all told the senate committee that they faced ruin if the bill went through as presented in the house. Nearly every witness declared his particular busi ness seemed to be the target for an exorbitant tax. Under Fire In House. In the house, too, many portions of the bill were under fire, but demo cratic and republican leaders in charge replied that the money must be raised and only high taxes could provide it. Only the excess profits, liquor, beer, soft drinks and tobacco schedules were considered today by the senate committee, which opened hearings be fore the measure came over from the house in order to hasten final con gressional action. Representative Hull of Iowa op posed the rates tor magazines and newspapers and challenged statements that the government now is losing millions annually on this class of business. Representative Bland of Indiana told the house that the Postoffice de partment had worked out an amend ment to provide that no salaries of postmasters be increased during the war. Paint Gloomy View. It was a gloomy picture that pro testants against the war tax in creases painted for the senate com mittee. Disorganization of industries, closed factories, discharged employes, reduced prices to producer, and destruction of retailers, were among the predictions. Representatives of national manu facturers and industrial organizations declared the excess profits was dis criminatory against corporations. The whole tax load also was criticised as too large, and the suggestion was made that the tax burden be dis tributed over several decades. The greatly increased tax on dis tilled liquors, the committee was told would decrease production and reve nues, as well is encourage illicit traffic. The brewery interests said many small breweries would be forced to Close. ' Cigar Men Object. Protesting against the rates on soft drinks and ingredients, manufactur ers' representatives said the increased burden cannot be passed on the con sumer and that soda fountain, drug store, and other small business men would be crippled. The bill's rates were said by rep resentatives of manufacturers and or ganized cigar makers to be grossly excessive and certain to cause sus pension of small manufacturers, de crease consumption, snd so reduce revenue. of Murdered Man Is Found Near Pierre BRITISH CRUISER VISITS NEW YORK Unannounced and with its mission unknown, the British cruiser Roxburg has arrived at New York, the first English warship to put in at that port since the war began. The Roxburg anchored near the American naval vessel Bir mingham and Olympia. The photograph shows the Birmingham in the background. Body' ' Pierre, S. D., May 12. (Special Telegram.) The body of s man who is supposed to have been Patrick Mo Cann of Chicago, was found in s small clump of brush in a lonely gulch near this city with the skull crushed. Steve Capyak, who came to this city with McCann is missing. The two left their rooming bouse Sunday, April 29, saying they were going out for a walk. Late in the evening Capyak re turned and took sway his suit case and vanished. McCann was known to have money on bis person while at the rooming house, but only a quarter was found in s search of his clothes, besides papers, which Indicated his name and the address of a sister in New York. Sioux falls Harvester Plant Burns; Loss a Million Sioux City, S. D, May 12. Fire of unknown origin last night totally destroyed the International Harves ter company's office and warehouse building here. The Toss is In excess of $1,000,000. More than 1,000,000 pounds of oiled binder twine ignited, spreading the flames to all parts of the four-story structure, which occupied s quarter block in the manufacturing district The warehouse. wis heavily stocked with farm implements and machinery repairs. Mme. Schumann-Heink Sues Street Car Co. for $95,000 St. Louis, May 12. Mme. Schumann-Heink, the. operatic contralto, today filed suit for $95,000 against the United Railways of St Louis for in juries sustained .when s taxicab in which she was riding was struck by a St Louis street car on the night of February 23. W " - J -I ! mmgMJLe. m H,tt.S. Roxburgh.. Concerning the Flag By Frederic J. Haskin By FREDERIC J. HASKIN. Washington, May 10. Planting the American flag on the western battle front is probably merely a figure of speech, for battle flags are going out of use. In former wars the flag was used as a rallying point and as an in dicator of the center of attack, but this use has no place in trench and artillery fighting. When asked if the American army would carry flags in this war, the War department declined to say. Flags were widely used during the Spanish American war, it asserted, but so far as this war was concerned no final decision had been reached. It admit ted that flags were supposed to be out of date in Europe. Since 1879, at the battle of Isandhlwana, when two brave and valuable soldiers lost their lives in attempting to rescue the Brit ish colors, Great Britain is reported to have barred use of the nag in Dattie. In spite of the fact that our armv may also ngnt without a nag, tne flag factories in the United States are speeding up their output. The com mercial establishments, of course, are swamped with a tremendous demand trom patriotic civilians, but the gov ernment lactones are also over worked. For the flag has many uses other than in battle. The government has two flag-making factories one for the army and one for the navy. The army plant is attached to the Philadelphia depot, while that of the navy is on the third floor of the Bureau of Eauioment building at the New York navy yard. The navy at all times requires a lot mnr flava than r1na h armv In addition to the Stars and Stripes in various sizes, every ship must carry nearly oitterent nags ot otner na tions, the material and making of which costs Uncle Sam approximately $2,500 per ship. Every time a United States battleship calls at a foreign port, it must display its good man ners by flying the flag of that par ticular nation along with the Stars snd Stripes. The makinff of this larse number of naval flags even in peace times keeps a force of fifty women snd sev eral men busy, snd now that we are to have s thousand wooden ships to bs flagged the force has been in creased. Moreover, the price of bunt ing has gone up, so that the govern ment flag bill this year is going to be enormous. All of the bunting for government flags comes from Lowell, Mass., where there are three large factories devoted to the manufacture of this fabric. When it arrives at the flag factory It is put through vari ous teats to determine its quality. hirst it is soaked in soap and water; the next day it is soaked in salt wa ter, and the third dav it is hung out in the air, where it remains for ten days. For thirty hours, at least, it must be exposed to a bright sun. When it thus becomes apparent that the bunting will not "run or fade, a strip two inches wide of the warp is put in s machine snd submitted to a pulling strain of sixty-five pounds, which tests its tensile strength. un tne noor ot one ot tne rooms In the factory are chalk mark lines and metal markers on which the flags are measured and cut out Iney are sewed on regular sewing machines, fitted with electric motors, and the stars are cut by s special machine invented for that purpose. Thirty feet long by nineteen feet wide is the largest flag made by the government, which is the United States Ensign No. 1 costing $40 to manufacture. Other flags, such as the president's flag, bearing special and intricate designs, are even more expensive and require weeks of patient work to embroider and limsn. The present standard flag of the United States consists of thirteen red and white stripes, with a blue field in the uDoer left-hand corner con taining forty-eight white stars placed in six rows ot eight each. I his de scription may seem a trifle unneces sary to the average American patriot who has a perfectly good American flag hanging from his front window, but it is well to recall the fact that this arrangement was authorized by the secretary of war as late as 1896. Before that designs of American flags were legion. For years they had been the confusion and despair of for eigners. Indeed, in 1847, the Dutch government inquired politely: "What is the American flag?" Ten years later nine different styles of American flags were observed on one day in the harbor of New York. Even now it is disconcerting to note the opinion of some foreigners concerning it Mr. Frederic Harrison, for example, says something to this effect: "When the United States de cided to adopt a flag after the an cestral emblem of their chief, they committee an absurd blunder. Than the Stars and Stripes, nothing more grotesque, confused snd unheraldrical can be conceived." Granting Mr. Harrison the right to his opinion, he is nevertheless wrong concerning the origin of the American flag, according to the best evidence that extensive research has brought to light. The flag was not modeled "after the ancestral emblem" of George Washington, but after the flag of the Dutch republic. We have absolute records to tell us when the American flag was adopted, and what it was then sup posed to be. The thirteen war vessels. which then constituted the Colonial navy, were desirous of a flag to use 1. ,.: . T.... i 1777 the same day that John Paul Jones was appointed captain of the Ranger the continental congress passed the tollowmg resolution: Kesolved, Ihat the flag of the thirteen United States be thirteen stripes, alternate red an white; that the union be thirteen stars, white in a blue field, represent- g a new constellation. This, however, savs nothing about how the stars should be placed. The flag designed by Washington snd made by Betsy Ross contained a cir cle of stars, but there is no evidence to prove that this was the flag gener ally used. In fact, from what evi dence nas Deen gathered together it is practically certain that the first American flags used had no stars whatsoever. In "a book of photo- grapns oi extant nags used, or alleged to be used, m the American revolu tion, compiled by Gerhard! Davis (New York, 1908), the field of stars is seldom seen and never as an ab solute surety until 1780. In Faun ces Tavern, in New York City, there is also a collection of British prints oi tne American nag, wnicn snows the same thing no stars until 1780. Now, according to the greatest number of authorities, the alternate red and white stripes used in the flag were not taken from Washington's shield, but were borrowed from the Dutch flag. At the beginning of the revolution, it must be remembered the Dutch had a strong hold upon America. In the greater part of New York, Pennsylvania, New Jersey and Delaware the language was Dutch. Moreover, the greater percentage of the commerce was Dutch, so that the Dutch flag on trading ships, as well as on handkerchiefs, boxes, title pages of Bibles, and many other articles, was a familiar object. The Dutch flag consisted of alter nate red and white stripes, and its meaning was popular with the colon ists at the time of the revolution. It signified the union of the provinces of Holland, which had deposed its monarch and become a republic, with a written constitution, a judi ciary free from the executive, and public schools free to all, and sus tained by taxation," long before 1775, ti . . : . i . i r. . inu. H i interesting 10 noic mc met, the importance of which is often overlooked by historians, that the Dutch influence was strong in the re bellion of the colonists. We have Benjamin Franklin s word for it in a letter which he wrote during thenar, which says, "In love of liberty and bravery in the defense of it she (Hol land) has been our great emample." Hence, in using the stripes in the flag, the United States borrowed the idea from the Dutch to siunifv the union of the colonies. As far as can bs ascertained, this striped flag was The Berg Clothing Co.'s NEW LOCATION 1415 Farnam Street J- 3 Beer Hounds Try to Buy Beverage From Police Captain Mike Dempsey "Hello! s this -the police station? Got any. beer down there that you want to sell?" "What?" said Tony Francl, desk officer, "We want beer. Got any down there?" "Sure," said Franc!. "How much" said the voice. "We'll let you have it for $1.50 a case if you come before 8:30 p. m.," answered Francl. "But, of course, it will be $2 a case if you wait until morning. "We'll be right down," the inquirer replied. Ten minutes later two swarthy men whose dialect indicated Italian de scent, strutted into the central police station. "That beer, where is it?" one asked. "Over there," said Francl, pointing to some confiscated wet goods. "But see that man over there before you take it away with you." ' The "man over there" was Captain Dempsey. "What?" the captain thundered at them as they offered him money for the beer. He thought they were try ing to bribe him. Then he caught Francl smiling. ' "Oh," said Captain Dempsey, more suavely, "if you really want to buy beer, and can use a lot of it, you ought to talk with Sheriff Clark. I can't sell you any of this, Mike Clark is the man vou want to see. "Come on. We'll see Mr. Clark." said the more aggressive of the beer hounds, leading his companion by the arm. . 3C Reduced Clothing Prices 39c 25c . . 19c 75c Ladies' Onyx Fibre Silk Hose, only 50c Ladies' Onyx Fibre Silk Hose, only. ........ 35c Men's Onyx Fibre Hose, only All colors and sins ineludad. Corns early. $27.50 Ladies' Spring Suits $12.75 A wonderful opportunity to buy a charming Spring Suit at less than half price. AU sizes included in this lot as 04 A ! well as all that is new in colors snd materials, d I Z. I Regular 127.R0 valuna. at 1 " NEW DRESSES -Regular 17.50 Dress vslues, tomorrow. .... Regular (13.75 Dress vslues, tomorrow Regular $22.50 Dress vslues, tomorrow Ladies' Spring Coats, in apple green, mustard, gold, navy and fancy mixtures. Wonderful styles snd fabrics OFF SPRING HATS y3 OFF Off Regular Price $4 OO "Dr,st Well Never Miss the Monty" IHAZZ PER WEEK vns. s wr o Qty THE PURCHASE YOU MAKE Specials in the Men's Shop Men's Suits Divided Into Three Huge Lots, At $12.75 $15.75 $22.50 Boys' Spring Suits, $3.95 Men's Good Shoes, $3.95 ALL GOODS MARKED IN PLAIN FIGURES IMQNL "THE PEOPLE'S STORE" OPPOSITE HOTEL ROME immediately employed in the navy, but in the army it was never adopted. There a flag bearing a rattlesnake em blem was the most popular, although other designs were also used. In May of 1779, Washington wrote to the board f war, stating that he was in receipt o constant applications for colors, but there were many dinerent flags used by the various regiments and "it is not yet settled what is the standard of the United States." To this the war board replied ask ing Washington to give his opinion as to what was the "one common flag of the United States," at which recom mendation would be made to congress to order some for the army. In his reply to this inquiry, made on Sep tember 3, 179, Washington makes no reference whatever to stars, but sug gests that the number belonging to each regiment be inserted within the curve of the rattlesnake. From this it may be seen that the stripes are the only sure and per manent fea'.ure of the American flag as it has come down to us in historv. Suffered for Eleven Years Made Well By Peruna Mrs. Elin Malmgren, No. 133 Fred erick St., West Manchester, N. H., writes: "Every spring and fall for l.v.n y.n, I have been troubled with catarrh in my throat and no.. and hoan.na.., and I am very pleased to state that at last I found a medicine, Peruna, from which I re ceived great benefit, and I will h.r. aftar us. and recommend it. 1 always keep it in my house in cj. of .ick ne.i. I recommend your medicine to all my friends and every sufferer as an excellent medicine." Every Spring and Fall, Troubled With Catarrh in Throat and Nose, Also Hoarseness. 3d Thoi. who object to liquid medi. cin.s can now procure Peruna Tab-l.ts. Rockers and Easy Chairs In every de scription of pattern and covering. Many odd pieces from suites Sharply reduced. TEE SERVICE Funilturo Store This Easy Hair Up holstered Chair, cov ered in a smart tapes try, at 835.00 Upholstered Rocker, at $18.75 Spanish Leather Chair, at $21.75 This Overstuffed Rock er, tapestry, $35.00 This Jacob ean Rocker in English tapestry back and seat, SI 6.75 Chair to match ths rocker $15.75 The dresser here il lustrated is in black walnut or mahogany; 48-in. base, full width mirror; all parts of suite to m a t c h this piece are shown at corfespondingly low figures. Golden Oak Dressers $8.75, $11.75, $12.50 and $15.75 Our Message Direct affects follow every cause. Our Store Service has for its basis the true meaning of all that service can mean to you. First, in a far reaching preparation for the antici pated wants of our customers in providing the two large and com plete stocks of House Furnishings. Since consolidating with the Ray mond, just a block away from our "home store," at 1513 Howard. In making this preparation, the result of the free use of our "Buying Pow er" at a time before such sharp ad vances in manufacturers' prices, re cently made, makes the fullest Val ue Giving easy for us to pass on to you in a lower price on the newest and best in Furniture from our country's strongest and most de pendable makers. Examine the val ues illustrated in this "ad" and see the actual pieces this week. Bflal This Buffet, in golden oak ' or fumed oak genuine quarter-sawed, 48-inch length, $19.75 This Dressing Tahle 38-in. base, triple mir ror, as pictured, in gol den oak $13.85 Same style, mahogany or walnut $19.75 juaiwnvrisr Chiffonier like this illustra tion, genuine black walnut, at $25.00 Dresser to match, $26.00 $822.75 Many New Bedroom Suites have recently been placed on our floors at both stores, and the smart designs among them will please you and meet your visions of just what you looked for. The values we are giv ing in this department are the biggest yet shown on our floors. This beauti ful White Ename 1 e d Side leer, ice ca pacities pounds $24.50 u3 Refrigerators That keep foods pure, because of a perfectly dry air circulation. Ask to see how the THERMO Cell shuts out all outside air. The Blizzard Prices range in this refrigera tor $6.75, $7.65, $9.00, $12.75 and up The one illustrated is a front icer, 50-lb. ca parity, white enameled interior $17.50 Lawn Swings t This illustration pictures the 9 Adult Lawn Swing, $4.75 The Juvenile Size, like the cut, for $3.25 48-inch Porch Swing, with hooks snd chains. . .$1.85 50-Ib. Capacity Blinard, $17.50 Electric Iron .$1.8S "Sklblu." Enam.l War. And Aluminum That W.ars The Kettle in Enamel. .39c The Kettle in Aluminum, that wears $1.65 The Coffee Pot, 2-qt., enam el, ski blue 3! The Coffee rot, z-qt, am- ., , minum, for 75c Family Sc.l., The Berlin Kettle, 2-quart 19c and 85c aluminum that wears... 55c WE SAVE YOU MONEY-THERE ARE REASONS lhu Swing, $4.75 Our Porch and Lawn are Daily Arriving, See Them The Store With SERVICE As Its Watchword V K AaBI MM m Values Based on High Qual ity and Our Broad Guar' antee of Satisfaction Consolidated With The Raymond, 1513-15 Howard St 17th and Howard St. "-"' ygS""