Newspaper Page Text
"The btars and Stripes
torewr." OMAHA HAS A CORDIAL INVITATION OUT FOR ALL FOR THIS OUR MARKET WEEK. iiA- 7 AV Sunday Bee VOL. XLVIII.-NO. FIVE CENTS. THE WEATHER y Fair and (lightly warmer Sunday; Monciay cooler. Ilmi:ly, Trmmtur, 1 5 . m AS I 1 p. In .-m..,,,.,....u i p, m 1 m B4 a D. m in a . m ,.,..U I 4 p. m.. M I P. m... ...., si '0 a. m as I d. m ...an ' it . m i 3 m IS I ....... IS ..la 1 EYnnn ruin fcYr? Pin omnv nnnrr I I I I 1 1 I t I I I I I I I V X I I I I I I I I I Ir I I 11 1 V I I II I f L l I I I r .I 1 1 ... GERMANS YIELDING GROUND SLOWLY TO AMERICAN-TROOPS Brilliant Operation Nullifies Attempt of Enemy to Re tain Foothold on South Side of Aisne Canal; Heavy Resistance Continued Along U. S. Line to Junction With French. 'By Associated Press. With the American Army on the Aisne Front, Sept. 7. J.ne attempt of the Germans to retain their foothold on the south side of the Aisne canal in a wood to the west of Villers En-Prayeres was nullified, by a small but brilliant operation early this morning. The dense little wood hacf been packed with machine guns, under cover of the German artillery. The only break in the American line along the canal was at that place. The task of cleaning it out began at 4 in the morning and was completed before 10. There was no oppor tunity to take prisoners, but the toll of German dead was great as compared with the magnitude of the engagement. Along the line to the junction with the French, heavy resistance con tinues and indications are increasing that the Germans do not propose to be hurried in their retreat in this dis trict northwest of Rheims. Artillery in Violent Action. The artillery on both sides was in violent action, but with the exception of patrolling there was no effort at infantry work. The general line held by the Ameri cans . has not ' changed. From one place the Americans brought in 56 prisoners, members of . one of the guards divisions. Among them were two-officers, one of whom is Lt. Gas pard Alversleben, whose father is re puted to be one of the emperor's ad visers. It was this lieutenant who commanded the detachment that re cently compelled a small American force to evacuate, Fismette. It was the organization to which that force belonged that captured him. . Americans Ru:h Wood. " The capture of the wood near the canal was accomplished after, inten sive artillery preparation , and in the face of a smothering,nre. The'Ameri cans, crept close in jiuring-the dark ness and rushed the woods about 5 o'clock. From the woods enough ma chine gun nests 'ere left to give a sharp greeting, ut the teal line of bursts was from beyond the canal. But this was met with a strong " American counter fire. The raising of a Smoke screen north, of , the Aisne, early in the day gave rise to the presumption the Ger mans were already moving back. This .was dispelled by later developments, although -it would not surprise any one if they withdrew 'sh6rtly; Some regard it as probable the Germans in tend, to make a stand along the Aisncat leat , until the. onward , movement of the French and British north of Soissons is more definitely estaoiisiiea. Enemy Retiring Slowly. HUNS KEPT ON THE RUN BYjSLLIES Enemy Pushed Back Almost to Positions Held Before Be ginning of His Big Of fensive in March. Paris, Sept 7. (Havas) The lat est news from the front has created an excellent impression. The battle center remains on the St. Gobain mas sif, where the commanding position of the French-tends to render the situ- a . e . t'rr i . " anon 01, mc enemy mosi aimcuK. ; j 4Jn the British itror-tnrwnnchs are holding on desperately but-Field Marshal Haig's men continue their progress. y 1 .1. Where Allies Are Driving Germans Back 1 If 1 . t y 1 Vl f r Sax A ) 1 tctr win" r f - rA v- w.k ' I J Fr I- y V MO HMWi N AMS-AtCC V . v"7 K -X , liT.60fl t T duACrV , ,d t s To. Mlt3,VL . , Petit Northeast of Rheims there is an ' in their old lines L Heure says that between Barisis and Coucy-Le-Chateau Gen eral Mangin's forces continue the in filtrating movement that will give him the upper hand at An;zy-Le -Chateau, from which place the French fire will reach back to the -western part of the Chemin Des Dames. Paris,-Sept. 7. Allied , troops are continuing to keep the Germans on the run and as a result of yesterday's operations have pushed them nearly back to the positions they occupied March 21. when the first big enemy offensive of the year was launched. The Germans still enjoy a little lee way in the Vermand region and be- jfore St. Quentin, but elsewhere they are extremely close to if not actually evident dislike on the part of the Ger ' mans for retirement and in the broken country there remains strong forces which are moving only very slowly , towards tli a rr- Tf tti r.mii. wish, they can maintain their present position for many days yet; but for every day it appears probable that the price they must pay will be increased. From one prisoner comes an ex planation of why Jieutenants . lately nave been found commanding com " panics. He said orders had been is sued that because of the scarcity of officers, companies in the future battalions bv caDtains and recimenfs by majors. Haywood and 92 Other y LW, W. Leaders In Cefls at Leavenworth Leavenworth. Kan., Sept. 7. Wil liam D. Haywood, secretary of the Industrial Workers of the World, and 92 other members of the organi zation convicted at Chicago on charges of.vio'ating the espionage act, were received in the federal , prison here this atternoon. v Haywood, chewing-gum, and ap parently at his ease, entered the prison from about the center of- the long line. He said the bomb explo sion in Chicago was unfortunate and inopportune and had interfered with their efforts to get bail. C. H. Pickens Called to War Service Council Meeting C H. Pickens, manager of the firm of Paxton & Gallagher, has been called to Washington to a meeting of .the war sewice council. This is a board of six members from all ' sections of the United States which will Confer with Food Administrator Hoover on matters pertaining to food conservation and improved service. Presence of U. S. Troops Demoralizes Austrian Army Rome, Sept. 7. Premier Orlando, in receiving Salvatore A, Cottillo, a New York state senator, read a tele gram from Berne, describing the de moralizing effeef that the presence of American troops oh the Italian , "front is having on the: mind of the Austrians. ' The rupture of the right hand hinge of the German line at Peronne was an awkward blow for the enemy, but as long as the left-hand hinge held on the Soissons plateau he could play for time by pivoting around it and clinging to a temporary line on the heights between the Oise and the Somme. The moment that General Mangin knocked down the defense of the Ailette. however, that makeshift combination became impossible, for the range of hills op the Oise-Sorame front was turned on the side of Chauny and Tergnier. Then the enemy was obliged to return immediately to the solution of a similar problem adopted by Von Hindenburg in the winter of 1917 a retirement to the half finished canal on the front from St. Quentin to Cambrai and the line of the Canal Du Nord and he lost no time in ex ecuting his plan. French Progress Rapid. The French progress yesterday -in following up the enemy was rapid, as may be seen from the fact that the troops engaged on the Oise at Appily. more than six miles southeast of Guiscard, moved northeastward to Viry-Noureuil, the extreme point reached on the Oise yesterday by the allies,, which accounts for the ad. vance of 1Q kilometers mentioned in last "night's French communique. The enemy also was obliged to hasten his retreat in the sector of the Somme between Ham and Peronne. The British progressed 'southward along the Peronne-Ham road toward Athies. At the same time General Debeney's troops, which had crossed the river at Epenancourt. obtained a footing on the highway and finally captured the heights of Voyennes and Offoy, breaking the line. A general retreat in the direction of Vermand and St. Quentin became inevitable for the enemy as did the abandonment of Ham. which was outflanked on the north and south, the latter by General Humbert's advance north of the Oise. The progress realized in the St. Gobain region south of the river by General Mangin's left had the same consequences for Chauny. x The giving up without blow of such places as Ham and Chauny must have been a bitter pill for the German staff, for tt is considered unltkely that their methodical retreat called for the complete abandonment of 4hese two positions. -the one of whjch consti tuted bridgehead on the reverse side of the St. Gobain range of hills and the other stood as an outer defense of St. Quentin. i JAPANESE MAKE RAPID-AO VANCE" ON USSURI FRONT Bolshevik Forces Destroy Rail- . way and Water Service Stations and Poison Wells.. Shanghai, Sept. 7. Japanese forces have occupied the town of Kha barovsk, Siberia, according to ad vices received here from Vladivostok. Khabarovsk is the seat of the gen eral government of Amur and capital of the Littoral or maritime province. It is situated at the junction of the Amur and Ussuri rivers and is on the Ussuri branch of the trans-Siberian railway. Cossacks Reach Borgia. Vladivostok, Sept. 7. On the Us suri front Japanese cavalry has oo cupied Ifnan at the junction of the Iman andUssuri rivers. Prisoners re port consternation in the ranks of the bolshevik forces on the discovery of the presence of entente allied troops which they did not suspect until they were in actual contact with them. On the Manchurian front General Semenoff's Cossacks have reached the fortifications of Borgia, on the trans-Siberian railway, 180 miles southeast of Tchitau, the capital of trans-Baikalia. A detachment of Japanese cavalrv covered the right wing, took Chingyang after a sharp fight, and captured 100 prisoners and a baggage train. The enemy is re tiring toward the Onon river. 80 miles northeast of Borgia. - Bolsheviki Poison Wells. Harbin, Manchuria Sept. 7. Bol shevik forces have desi-oyed the trans-Siberian railway in the region west of Dauria. a town 20 miles from the point where the' railroad crossesJ the Manchurian border. , The water problem in that district is acute as the water service stations have been de stroyed by the bolsheviki who have poisoned the wells. There is" an unconfirmed report that the Czecho-Slovaks troops operating in the vicinity of Lake Baikal have fought their way eastward and now control the railway thence nearly to Tchita. If this report is true the Czecho-Slovak forces here believe they will have no difficulty in joining hands with them. f Alexieff Attacks Bolsheviki. JTokio, Sept 7. White guards and Cbssacks .under General Alexieff opened hostilities against the bol sheviki at Blagovleshtchensk, capital of thfrAmur province of Asiatic Rus sia, on August 25. according to dis patches received here, which add that the Soviets there fled. German Warship Goes Down Off Ameland Island Coast Amsterdam, Sept. 7. One fcf a squadron of German warships cruis ing off the coast of the Island of Ameland Friday evening ran on a mine or was torpedoed, according to reports received here. The ship Was seen suddenly to Jieel over and disappear. All Men 45 Years Old. ,Up to'6th:Birthday, Must Register Sept. 12 All men who are 45 years old must register under the la3t selec tive service act on Thursday, Sep tember 12. This includes those who are 45 and not yet 45. It makes no difference if you are 45 and a day, or a week, or a month over; if you are not yet 45 you must register in accordance with the law, which includes all men from IS to 45. If your 46th birthday falls on September 12, or before that date, you do not have to legister. But if you are not actually 45 years of age on Thursday you must make out a card. BRITISH FLYERS DOWN 23 ENEMY PLANES IN DAY Tons of Bombs Dropped by Airmsn on Railway Con nections Held by En emy in France. London Sept. 7. The rfficial state ment on aerial activities over the battle zone says: "FJ.ven German airnlanes were brought down on September 6 in air fighting and 12 were dm en down out of control. One enemy balloon was destroyed. Five of our machines are missing. "Observation for the artillery was continued both by airp'.ares and bal loons. Some valuable reconnaissances were carried out by ou. machines 4nd large numbers of photographs were taken, while our balloons reported much useful tactical information. "During the day ai.d the following night 32 tons of bombs were dropped by our airmen, the railway connec tions af Armentieres, Lille, Douai, Denain, Cambrai and St Quentin be ing heavily attacked. All our night flying machines have returned." An official communication on bomb ing and raiding operations issued by the air ministry tonight says: "On the night of September 6-7 our squadrons carried out attacks against two hostile airdromes. Fires were caused, but observation of the results was hindered by weather conditions, as were operations generally. - All of our machines returned. "On thfe morning of September 6 our squadrons attacked the railways at Lhrang (four miles northeasf of Treves. Pruss'a) and the chemical works at Mannheim. Cood bursts were observed on and beside the railway lines at Ebrang. . Bolshevik Council in Amur Declares War on China Vladivostok, Sept. 7. The Russian bolshevik council at Blagovieshtch ensk. capital of the Amur province of Asiatic Russia, has declared war on China because the- Chinese govern ment is sendinar trooos to'the northern Manchurian front. The Siberian fro". ' er has been closed and the bolsheviki arc confiscating Chinese property. NEAR BEERS GO UNDER BAN WITH ALCOHOLIC DRINK Breweries May Be Converted to Ice Manufacture, Cold , Storage and Other Uses. ' Washington1, Sept. 7. Manufac turers of near beers and other sub stitutes, it was officially explained, 3re affected by the decision to cut off brewing of beer. Millions of dollars have been invested in the business. One of the largest breweries in the country recently erected an addi tional $1,000,000 plant solely for the brewing of this beverage. The principal uses breweries can be converted to are the manufacture of ice, cold storage, making of yeast for baking, rolling barley and grind ing grains for mill feed. v Ail these purposes would likely be considered essential to the war or civil popula tion. Manufacture of all other beverages of the so-called "soft" variety some months ago was curtailed 50 per cent by the food administration as a sugar conservation measure Further cur tailment of the manufacture of such beverages and mineral waters is un der consideration and may take the form of further reducing supplies of sujar. fuel, materials for containers and food products and limiting trans portation facilities. Boles in Sympathy With Allies, Declares Count Zammoyoski i'ans, Sept. 7. (Havas) The masses of the Polish nation are diametrically opposed to the tenden cies ot these Polish politicians with whom Germany is attempting to negotiate, declares Count Zammoy ski. chairman of the National Polish committee, in a letter he has written to Premier Clemenceau voicing satis faction over the recent allied vic tories. The German eff rts to win Polish sympathy and assistance will be fruitless, the count is emphatic in asserting, as Poland has never doubt ed that its future lay with the entente allies and jn the triumph of their cause. Premier Clemenceau in reply thank ed the writer and added: "Neither Germany nor Austria any longer doubts that our day of victory will come. - France, adhering to its traditions and in accord with its al lies, will do its utmost to revive Po land according to its natioi al aspira tion and win its historic borders." HAIG'S AND PETAIN'S ARMIES STRUGGLING STEADILY FORWARD British Capture Strategic Point on Weit Bank of Canal Du Nord on Way to Cambrai, and Prive Germans Back Along 17-Mile Front; French Turn ing St. Gobain Bastion. London, Sept. 7. Field Marshal Haig's troops have forced the Germans to retire a considerable distance along a front of about 17 miles extending from Havrincourt wood to'Beau vois, according to the war office announcement tonight. They have also taken a strategic point around which tnere has been much fighting on the west bank of the Canal Du Nord, on the way to Cambrai. . Paris, Sept. 7. French troops today penetrated from four to five miles on the Somme front, according to the war office announcement tonight. They crossed the St. Quentin canal at Tugny bridge and St. Simon, capturing both places. Progress to the north of Vauxaillon was made arid Celle-sur-Aisne was captured. The French hold the general line from the western out skirts of Vaux, Fluquieres, Happencourt, the east of Tugny bridge and St. Simon, Avesne, the western edge of Jussy. the railway from Ham to Tergnier, Amigny-Rouy and Barisis-. v Marshal Foch's successive hammer blows alon the German lines from Rheims to Arras since July 18 have well nigh completely flattered out the bulges created by the German offen gives. v v ' ' The well co-ordinated nrnert nf his attack has brought him to.a point J Firemen Threaten Strike. London, Sent. 7. The London fre brigade has decided to ballot forth with on the question of striking for recognition of their union and a settle ment of their claims respecting wages and pensions. LARGE II. S. ARMY FORMS 111 FRANCE r"or Than 90 Per Cent of American's "Over There" Now Under Pershing's Direct Command. ; Washington, Sept. 7. Concentra tion of, American troops in the American sectors ii France is pro ceeding rapidly and General Pershing now has under his direct command more than 90 per cent of the troops who have reached the other side. This was revealed today by General March, chief of staff. General March made no comment as to the purpose of this concentra tion and said nothing that might in dicate probability of an all-American drive." He did say, the custom of brigading Tiew divisions with the French or British forces to fasten their preparation for front line duty had not been abandoned. "But as our men go over there now pretty well instructed," he added, "the time they stay in the training camps over there is very much less." General March announced also that the 27th division, previously training behind the British lines, is now on the line in Flanders. This was inter preted to mean that the division soon would be withdrawn to join Persh ing's army. Retreating On 100-Mile Front In his review of the battle situa tion, General March pointed out that the Germans are retreating along a 100-mile front from the Arras-Cam-brai sector to Rheims with French, British and Americans in close pur suit. Official reports show that the enemy is now 60 miles from Paris at the closest point, General March said, while the old Hindenburg line stands at the point of maximum dis tance only 10 miles beyond the pres ent active tront . "The pressure which forced this re treat," General March said, "came at two points; the British front between Arras and Peronne and the Franco American sector on the plateau of Soissons." Reviewing the progress in each sector, General March said the Brit ish thrust toward Cambrai had paused along the line of the Sensee marshes and the Canal Du Nord with Cambrai only seven miles away, and no natural (Continued on Fare Two, Column Three) Henry Ford to, Make Active Campaign for Seat in U. S. Senate Detroit, Sept. 7. Henry Ford in a statement today announced he would seneer traffic manaeer. become an active instead of a passive ; he was appointed general baggage where he may well be abler to strike . a still more disastrous blow to thf German defensive system. Line Broken on Wide Front From Laon to Cambrai the Hinden burg line stood all last year in the way of the allied armies seeking to drive back the enemy from norther France and Flanders, Little tmprr sion was made in that line ex' , -temporarily in General Bymz'l below Cambrai Jast fall. Already ..... , iupign 'c -ass been p.erced on a wide front along its northerly stretches by the British and within the past few hours it has been penetrated in its southerly reaches by the French. ; It appears that Marshal FochV plan may involve the turninc' of the lin on uui.il us imiKs ar samurai ana laon. - In the north the British have been for several days in a oosition to deliver what might easily prove a vital stroke to the west of Cambrai. where. ther nave naited at tne Canal Uu Nord and made no move toward driving homdi the blow which the logic of the situa tion points to as inevitable. Left Flank Under Guns. In the south the armies of General Petain have now fought their way to positions where the left flank of the line is under the guns and the edges of the defensive positions are be ginning to feel the effect ot the pound ing. V . On the 1 western outskirts of the bastion of St Xlobaln, defending Laon. the -Fjench'already at Barisis , (Continued Pace Two, Catania Two.) John E. Buckingham Is Called by U. S. Roads To, Handle Foodstuffs Chicago, Sept. 7. (Special -Telegram.) J. E. Buckingham, general baggage agent for the Burlington, railroad, has been commandeered in to government service, the Railroad War board having made him head of the department that will have to do with the transoortation of food . and foodstuffs during the continuance of the war. His headquarters will be in Washington. With Mr. Buckingham going into the government service, L. H. Steb bins, assistant at Omaha, becomes general baggage agent and will have his headquarters in Chicago. L. M. Whitehead, chief clerk in the general passenger agent's of fice, Omaha, becomes assistant gen eral baggage agent, succeeding Steb bins. . - John E. Buckingham is an Omaha boy. For years he has been with the -Burlingtfcn. commencing his railroad -career in the Omaha headquarters of the company. While here promotions came along rapidly, , he going from clerk to chief clerk in the general passenger office to assistant general passenger agent Later he was called to Chicago as assistant to the pas- Subsequently candidate for election to the United States senate. He stated that he would do whatever he could within the strict letter and spirit of the law to win the election. Mr. Ford said he accepted the dem ocratic nomination in the exact spirit in which it was tendered by the lead ing democrats of the state when they offered to form a nonpartisan combi nation with the republicans. Answering criticism that his son, Edsel. had been given deferred draft classification, Mr. Ford said: "Full responsibility for his absence from the firing line rests with me. When i the duly authorized authority says his services are more needed in the army than here in these industries, he will be found at the front fight i us. agent, a position he has held tor the last six or seven years. V , Brusiloff Released by Bolshevik Government Amsterdam, Sept 7. General" Brusiloff. commander-in-chief, of the Russian armies during the Kerensky regime, has been released by order of the bolshevik government, according to a Moscow dispatch to the Rhenish Westphalian Gazette of Essen. No incriminating evidence was disclosed at his examination, the dispatch adds. A Copenhagen " " dispatch on February 8. reported Vt General Brusiloff had been arrested at Mos cow. The nature of the char against him was not disclosed," ; r 4 XL r .VJ" . - - . .WAX.