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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, September 08, 1918, Image 1

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"The btars and Stripes
torewr."
OMAHA HAS A CORDIAL INVITATION OUT FOR ALL FOR THIS OUR MARKET WEEK.
iiA-
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Sunday
Bee
VOL. XLVIII.-NO. FIVE CENTS.
THE WEATHER y
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Sunday; Monciay cooler.
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.I 1 1 ...
GERMANS YIELDING
GROUND SLOWLY TO
AMERICAN-TROOPS
Brilliant Operation Nullifies Attempt of Enemy to Re
tain Foothold on South Side of Aisne Canal;
Heavy Resistance Continued Along U. S.
Line to Junction With French.
'By Associated Press.
With the American Army on the Aisne Front, Sept. 7.
J.ne attempt of the Germans to retain their foothold on the
south side of the Aisne canal in a wood to the west of Villers
En-Prayeres was nullified, by a small but brilliant operation
early this morning. The dense little wood hacf been packed
with machine guns, under cover of the German artillery.
The only break in the American line along the canal was
at that place. The task of cleaning it out began at 4 in the
morning and was completed before 10. There was no oppor
tunity to take prisoners, but the toll of German dead was great
as compared with the magnitude of the engagement.
Along the line to the junction with
the French, heavy resistance con
tinues and indications are increasing
that the Germans do not propose to
be hurried in their retreat in this dis
trict northwest of Rheims.
Artillery in Violent Action.
The artillery on both sides was in
violent action, but with the exception
of patrolling there was no effort at
infantry work.
The general line held by the Ameri
cans . has not ' changed. From one
place the Americans brought in 56
prisoners, members of . one of the
guards divisions. Among them were
two-officers, one of whom is Lt. Gas
pard Alversleben, whose father is re
puted to be one of the emperor's ad
visers. It was this lieutenant who
commanded the detachment that re
cently compelled a small American
force to evacuate, Fismette. It was
the organization to which that force
belonged that captured him.
. Americans Ru:h Wood.
" The capture of the wood near the
canal was accomplished after, inten
sive artillery preparation , and in the
face of a smothering,nre. The'Ameri
cans, crept close in jiuring-the dark
ness and rushed the woods about 5
o'clock. From the woods enough ma
chine gun nests 'ere left to give a
sharp greeting, ut the teal line of
bursts was from beyond the canal.
But this was met with a strong
" American counter fire.
The raising of a Smoke screen
north, of , the Aisne, early in the day
gave rise to the presumption the Ger
mans were already moving back. This
.was dispelled by later developments,
although -it would not surprise any
one if they withdrew 'sh6rtly; Some
regard it as probable the Germans in
tend, to make a stand along the
Aisncat leat , until the. onward
, movement of the French and British
north of Soissons is more definitely
estaoiisiiea.
Enemy Retiring Slowly.
HUNS KEPT
ON THE RUN
BYjSLLIES
Enemy Pushed Back Almost to
Positions Held Before Be
ginning of His Big Of
fensive in March.
Paris, Sept 7. (Havas) The lat
est news from the front has created
an excellent impression. The battle
center remains on the St. Gobain mas
sif, where the commanding position
of the French-tends to render the situ-
a . e . t'rr i . "
anon 01, mc enemy mosi aimcuK. ; j
4Jn the British itror-tnrwnnchs
are holding on desperately but-Field
Marshal Haig's men continue their
progress.
y 1 .1.
Where Allies Are Driving Germans Back
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To. Mlt3,VL . ,
Petit
Northeast of Rheims there is an ' in their old lines
L Heure says that between
Barisis and Coucy-Le-Chateau Gen
eral Mangin's forces continue the in
filtrating movement that will give him
the upper hand at An;zy-Le -Chateau,
from which place the French fire will
reach back to the -western part of the
Chemin Des Dames.
Paris,-Sept. 7. Allied , troops are
continuing to keep the Germans on
the run and as a result of yesterday's
operations have pushed them nearly
back to the positions they occupied
March 21. when the first big enemy
offensive of the year was launched.
The Germans still enjoy a little lee
way in the Vermand region and be-
jfore St. Quentin, but elsewhere they
are extremely close to if not actually
evident dislike on the part of the Ger
' mans for retirement and in the broken
country there remains strong forces
which are moving only very slowly
, towards tli a rr- Tf tti r.mii.
wish, they can maintain their present
position for many days yet; but for
every day it appears probable that the
price they must pay will be increased.
From one prisoner comes an ex
planation of why Jieutenants . lately
nave been found commanding com
" panics. He said orders had been is
sued that because of the scarcity of
officers, companies in the future
battalions bv caDtains and recimenfs
by majors.
Haywood and 92 Other
y LW, W. Leaders In
Cefls at Leavenworth
Leavenworth. Kan., Sept. 7. Wil
liam D. Haywood, secretary of the
Industrial Workers of the World,
and 92 other members of the organi
zation convicted at Chicago on
charges of.vio'ating the espionage
act, were received in the federal
, prison here this atternoon. v
Haywood, chewing-gum, and ap
parently at his ease, entered the
prison from about the center of- the
long line. He said the bomb explo
sion in Chicago was unfortunate and
inopportune and had interfered with
their efforts to get bail.
C. H. Pickens Called to War
Service Council Meeting
C H. Pickens, manager of the
firm of Paxton & Gallagher, has been
called to Washington to a meeting
of .the war sewice council. This is
a board of six members from all
' sections of the United States which
will Confer with Food Administrator
Hoover on matters pertaining to food
conservation and improved service.
Presence of U. S. Troops
Demoralizes Austrian Army
Rome, Sept. 7. Premier Orlando,
in receiving Salvatore A, Cottillo, a
New York state senator, read a tele
gram from Berne, describing the de
moralizing effeef that the presence
of American troops oh the Italian
, "front is having on the: mind of the
Austrians. '
The rupture of the right hand
hinge of the German line at Peronne
was an awkward blow for the enemy,
but as long as the left-hand hinge
held on the Soissons plateau he could
play for time by pivoting around it
and clinging to a temporary line on
the heights between the Oise and the
Somme. The moment that General
Mangin knocked down the defense of
the Ailette. however, that makeshift
combination became impossible, for
the range of hills op the Oise-Sorame
front was turned on the side of
Chauny and Tergnier.
Then the enemy was obliged to
return immediately to the solution of
a similar problem adopted by Von
Hindenburg in the winter of 1917 a
retirement to the half finished canal
on the front from St. Quentin to
Cambrai and the line of the Canal
Du Nord and he lost no time in ex
ecuting his plan.
French Progress Rapid.
The French progress yesterday -in
following up the enemy was rapid, as
may be seen from the fact that the
troops engaged on the Oise at Appily.
more than six miles southeast of
Guiscard, moved northeastward to
Viry-Noureuil, the extreme point
reached on the Oise yesterday by the
allies,, which accounts for the ad.
vance of 1Q kilometers mentioned in
last "night's French communique.
The enemy also was obliged to
hasten his retreat in the sector of the
Somme between Ham and Peronne.
The British progressed 'southward
along the Peronne-Ham road toward
Athies. At the same time General
Debeney's troops, which had crossed
the river at Epenancourt. obtained a
footing on the highway and finally
captured the heights of Voyennes and
Offoy, breaking the line. A general
retreat in the direction of Vermand
and St. Quentin became inevitable for
the enemy as did the abandonment of
Ham. which was outflanked on the
north and south, the latter by General
Humbert's advance north of the Oise.
The progress realized in the St.
Gobain region south of the river by
General Mangin's left had the same
consequences for Chauny. x
The giving up without blow of
such places as Ham and Chauny must
have been a bitter pill for the German
staff, for tt is considered unltkely that
their methodical retreat called for the
complete abandonment of 4hese two
positions. -the one of whjch consti
tuted bridgehead on the reverse side
of the St. Gobain range of hills and
the other stood as an outer defense
of St. Quentin. i
JAPANESE MAKE
RAPID-AO VANCE"
ON USSURI FRONT
Bolshevik Forces Destroy Rail-
. way and Water Service
Stations and Poison
Wells..
Shanghai, Sept. 7. Japanese forces
have occupied the town of Kha
barovsk, Siberia, according to ad
vices received here from Vladivostok.
Khabarovsk is the seat of the gen
eral government of Amur and capital
of the Littoral or maritime province.
It is situated at the junction of the
Amur and Ussuri rivers and is on the
Ussuri branch of the trans-Siberian
railway.
Cossacks Reach Borgia.
Vladivostok, Sept. 7. On the Us
suri front Japanese cavalry has oo
cupied Ifnan at the junction of the
Iman andUssuri rivers. Prisoners re
port consternation in the ranks of the
bolshevik forces on the discovery of
the presence of entente allied troops
which they did not suspect until they
were in actual contact with them.
On the Manchurian front General
Semenoff's Cossacks have reached
the fortifications of Borgia, on the
trans-Siberian railway, 180 miles
southeast of Tchitau, the capital of
trans-Baikalia. A detachment of
Japanese cavalrv covered the right
wing, took Chingyang after a sharp
fight, and captured 100 prisoners and
a baggage train. The enemy is re
tiring toward the Onon river. 80
miles northeast of Borgia.
- Bolsheviki Poison Wells.
Harbin, Manchuria Sept. 7. Bol
shevik forces have desi-oyed the
trans-Siberian railway in the region
west of Dauria. a town 20 miles from
the point where the' railroad crossesJ
the Manchurian border. , The water
problem in that district is acute as the
water service stations have been de
stroyed by the bolsheviki who have
poisoned the wells.
There is" an unconfirmed report that
the Czecho-Slovaks troops operating
in the vicinity of Lake Baikal have
fought their way eastward and now
control the railway thence nearly to
Tchita. If this report is true the
Czecho-Slovak forces here believe
they will have no difficulty in joining
hands with them.
f Alexieff Attacks Bolsheviki.
JTokio, Sept 7. White guards and
Cbssacks .under General Alexieff
opened hostilities against the bol
sheviki at Blagovleshtchensk, capital
of thfrAmur province of Asiatic Rus
sia, on August 25. according to dis
patches received here, which add that
the Soviets there fled.
German Warship Goes Down
Off Ameland Island Coast
Amsterdam, Sept. 7. One fcf a
squadron of German warships cruis
ing off the coast of the Island of
Ameland Friday evening ran on a
mine or was torpedoed, according to
reports received here. The ship Was
seen suddenly to Jieel over and disappear.
All Men 45 Years Old.
,Up to'6th:Birthday,
Must Register Sept. 12
All men who are 45 years old
must register under the la3t selec
tive service act on Thursday, Sep
tember 12.
This includes those who are 45
and not yet 45.
It makes no difference if you are
45 and a day, or a week, or a month
over; if you are not yet 45 you must
register in accordance with the law,
which includes all men from IS to
45.
If your 46th birthday falls on
September 12, or before that date,
you do not have to legister. But if
you are not actually 45 years of age
on Thursday you must make out a
card.
BRITISH FLYERS
DOWN 23 ENEMY
PLANES IN DAY
Tons of Bombs Dropped by
Airmsn on Railway Con
nections Held by En
emy in France.
London Sept. 7. The rfficial state
ment on aerial activities over the
battle zone says:
"FJ.ven German airnlanes were
brought down on September 6 in air
fighting and 12 were dm en down out
of control. One enemy balloon was
destroyed. Five of our machines are
missing.
"Observation for the artillery was
continued both by airp'.ares and bal
loons. Some valuable reconnaissances
were carried out by ou. machines 4nd
large numbers of photographs were
taken, while our balloons reported
much useful tactical information.
"During the day ai.d the following
night 32 tons of bombs were dropped
by our airmen, the railway connec
tions af Armentieres, Lille, Douai,
Denain, Cambrai and St Quentin be
ing heavily attacked. All our night
flying machines have returned."
An official communication on bomb
ing and raiding operations issued by
the air ministry tonight says:
"On the night of September 6-7 our
squadrons carried out attacks against
two hostile airdromes. Fires were
caused, but observation of the results
was hindered by weather conditions,
as were operations generally. - All of
our machines returned.
"On thfe morning of September 6
our squadrons attacked the railways
at Lhrang (four miles northeasf of
Treves. Pruss'a) and the chemical
works at Mannheim. Cood bursts were
observed on and beside the railway
lines at Ebrang. .
Bolshevik Council in Amur
Declares War on China
Vladivostok, Sept. 7. The Russian
bolshevik council at Blagovieshtch
ensk. capital of the Amur province
of Asiatic Russia, has declared war on
China because the- Chinese govern
ment is sendinar trooos to'the northern
Manchurian front. The Siberian fro".
' er has been closed and the bolsheviki
arc confiscating Chinese property.
NEAR BEERS GO
UNDER BAN WITH
ALCOHOLIC DRINK
Breweries May Be Converted
to Ice Manufacture, Cold ,
Storage and Other
Uses.
'
Washington1, Sept. 7. Manufac
turers of near beers and other sub
stitutes, it was officially explained, 3re
affected by the decision to cut off
brewing of beer. Millions of dollars
have been invested in the business.
One of the largest breweries in the
country recently erected an addi
tional $1,000,000 plant solely for the
brewing of this beverage.
The principal uses breweries can
be converted to are the manufacture
of ice, cold storage, making of yeast
for baking, rolling barley and grind
ing grains for mill feed. v Ail these
purposes would likely be considered
essential to the war or civil popula
tion. Manufacture of all other beverages
of the so-called "soft" variety some
months ago was curtailed 50 per cent
by the food administration as a sugar
conservation measure Further cur
tailment of the manufacture of such
beverages and mineral waters is un
der consideration and may take the
form of further reducing supplies of
sujar. fuel, materials for containers
and food products and limiting trans
portation facilities.
Boles in Sympathy
With Allies, Declares
Count Zammoyoski
i'ans, Sept. 7. (Havas) The
masses of the Polish nation are
diametrically opposed to the tenden
cies ot these Polish politicians with
whom Germany is attempting to
negotiate, declares Count Zammoy
ski. chairman of the National Polish
committee, in a letter he has written
to Premier Clemenceau voicing satis
faction over the recent allied vic
tories. The German eff rts to win
Polish sympathy and assistance will
be fruitless, the count is emphatic in
asserting, as Poland has never doubt
ed that its future lay with the entente
allies and jn the triumph of their
cause.
Premier Clemenceau in reply thank
ed the writer and added:
"Neither Germany nor Austria any
longer doubts that our day of victory
will come. - France, adhering to its
traditions and in accord with its al
lies, will do its utmost to revive Po
land according to its natioi al aspira
tion and win its historic borders."
HAIG'S AND PETAIN'S
ARMIES STRUGGLING
STEADILY FORWARD
British Capture Strategic Point on Weit Bank of Canal
Du Nord on Way to Cambrai, and Prive Germans
Back Along 17-Mile Front; French Turn
ing St. Gobain Bastion.
London, Sept. 7. Field Marshal Haig's troops have forced
the Germans to retire a considerable distance along a front
of about 17 miles extending from Havrincourt wood to'Beau
vois, according to the war office announcement tonight. They
have also taken a strategic point around which tnere has been
much fighting on the west bank of the Canal Du Nord, on the
way to Cambrai.
. Paris, Sept. 7. French troops today penetrated from four
to five miles on the Somme front, according to the war office
announcement tonight. They crossed the St. Quentin canal
at Tugny bridge and St. Simon, capturing both places.
Progress to the north of Vauxaillon was made arid Celle-sur-Aisne
was captured.
The French hold the general line from the western out
skirts of Vaux, Fluquieres, Happencourt, the east of Tugny
bridge and St. Simon, Avesne, the western edge of Jussy. the
railway from Ham to Tergnier, Amigny-Rouy and Barisis-. v
Marshal Foch's successive hammer
blows alon the German lines from
Rheims to Arras since July 18 have
well nigh completely flattered out the
bulges created by the German offen
gives. v v ' '
The well co-ordinated nrnert nf
his attack has brought him to.a point
J
Firemen Threaten Strike.
London, Sent. 7. The London fre
brigade has decided to ballot forth
with on the question of striking for
recognition of their union and a settle
ment of their claims respecting wages
and pensions.
LARGE II. S.
ARMY FORMS
111 FRANCE
r"or Than 90 Per Cent of
American's "Over There"
Now Under Pershing's
Direct Command. ;
Washington, Sept. 7. Concentra
tion of, American troops in the
American sectors ii France is pro
ceeding rapidly and General Pershing
now has under his direct command
more than 90 per cent of the troops
who have reached the other side. This
was revealed today by General March,
chief of staff.
General March made no comment
as to the purpose of this concentra
tion and said nothing that might in
dicate probability of an all-American
drive." He did say, the custom of
brigading Tiew divisions with the
French or British forces to fasten
their preparation for front line duty
had not been abandoned.
"But as our men go over there
now pretty well instructed," he added,
"the time they stay in the training
camps over there is very much less."
General March announced also that
the 27th division, previously training
behind the British lines, is now on
the line in Flanders. This was inter
preted to mean that the division soon
would be withdrawn to join Persh
ing's army.
Retreating On 100-Mile Front
In his review of the battle situa
tion, General March pointed out that
the Germans are retreating along a
100-mile front from the Arras-Cam-brai
sector to Rheims with French,
British and Americans in close pur
suit. Official reports show that the
enemy is now 60 miles from Paris at
the closest point, General March
said, while the old Hindenburg line
stands at the point of maximum dis
tance only 10 miles beyond the pres
ent active tront .
"The pressure which forced this re
treat," General March said, "came at
two points; the British front between
Arras and Peronne and the Franco
American sector on the plateau of
Soissons."
Reviewing the progress in each
sector, General March said the Brit
ish thrust toward Cambrai had paused
along the line of the Sensee marshes
and the Canal Du Nord with Cambrai
only seven miles away, and no natural
(Continued on Fare Two, Column Three)
Henry Ford to, Make
Active Campaign for
Seat in U. S. Senate
Detroit, Sept. 7. Henry Ford in a
statement today announced he would seneer traffic manaeer.
become an active instead of a passive ; he was appointed general baggage
where he may well be abler to strike .
a still more disastrous blow to thf
German defensive system.
Line Broken on Wide Front
From Laon to Cambrai the Hinden
burg line stood all last year in the
way of the allied armies seeking to
drive back the enemy from norther
France and Flanders, Little tmprr
sion was made in that line ex' , -temporarily
in General Bymz'l
below Cambrai Jast fall. Already
..... , iupign 'c -ass
been p.erced on a wide front along its
northerly stretches by the British and
within the past few hours it has been
penetrated in its southerly reaches
by the French. ;
It appears that Marshal FochV plan
may involve the turninc' of the lin on
uui.il us imiKs ar samurai ana laon. -
In the north the British have been for
several days in a oosition to deliver
what might easily prove a vital stroke
to the west of Cambrai. where. ther
nave naited at tne Canal Uu Nord and
made no move toward driving homdi
the blow which the logic of the situa
tion points to as inevitable.
Left Flank Under Guns.
In the south the armies of General
Petain have now fought their way to
positions where the left flank of the
line is under the guns and the edges
of the defensive positions are be
ginning to feel the effect ot the pound
ing. V .
On the 1 western outskirts of the
bastion of St Xlobaln, defending
Laon. the -Fjench'already at Barisis
, (Continued Pace Two, Catania Two.)
John E. Buckingham Is
Called by U. S. Roads
To, Handle Foodstuffs
Chicago, Sept. 7. (Special -Telegram.)
J. E. Buckingham, general
baggage agent for the Burlington,
railroad, has been commandeered in
to government service, the Railroad
War board having made him head
of the department that will have to
do with the transoortation of food .
and foodstuffs during the continuance
of the war. His headquarters will
be in Washington.
With Mr. Buckingham going into
the government service, L. H. Steb
bins, assistant at Omaha, becomes
general baggage agent and will have
his headquarters in Chicago.
L. M. Whitehead, chief clerk
in the general passenger agent's of
fice, Omaha, becomes assistant gen
eral baggage agent, succeeding Steb
bins. . -
John E. Buckingham is an Omaha
boy. For years he has been with the -Burlingtfcn.
commencing his railroad -career
in the Omaha headquarters of
the company. While here promotions
came along rapidly, , he going from
clerk to chief clerk in the general
passenger office to assistant general
passenger agent Later he was called
to Chicago as assistant to the pas-
Subsequently
candidate for election to the United
States senate. He stated that he
would do whatever he could within
the strict letter and spirit of the law
to win the election.
Mr. Ford said he accepted the dem
ocratic nomination in the exact spirit
in which it was tendered by the lead
ing democrats of the state when they
offered to form a nonpartisan combi
nation with the republicans.
Answering criticism that his son,
Edsel. had been given deferred draft
classification, Mr. Ford said:
"Full responsibility for his absence
from the firing line rests with me.
When i the duly authorized authority
says his services are more needed in
the army than here in these industries,
he will be found at the front fight
i us.
agent, a position he has held tor the
last six or seven years. V ,
Brusiloff Released by
Bolshevik Government
Amsterdam, Sept 7. General"
Brusiloff. commander-in-chief, of the
Russian armies during the Kerensky
regime, has been released by order of
the bolshevik government, according
to a Moscow dispatch to the Rhenish
Westphalian Gazette of Essen. No
incriminating evidence was disclosed
at his examination, the dispatch adds.
A Copenhagen " " dispatch on
February 8. reported Vt General
Brusiloff had been arrested at Mos
cow. The nature of the char
against him was not disclosed," ;
r 4
XL
r
.VJ" . - - . .WAX.

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