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THE OMAHA SUNDAY BEE: JUNE 29. 1919"
i) F Music Turned the Tide of Many a Battle History Proves Time After Time Again Napoleon Owed Italian Victory to Inexperienced Drummer Boy, Who, When Oiv dered tq gpun4 fletreat, Sounded Charge and Caused the French to Win Fight -Fear Prevented Negro, pugjer Aboard the U. St 3. Chesapeake to Blow Call f pr Poar4ers to, $epel nemy and the Ship Was Jpst to the British in June, 1813 for Boarders to Repel Enemy and the Ship Was Lost to the British in June, 1913. By EDGAR STANTON MACLAY. Author of history of the United State navy, history pf American Privateer, reminiscences f the old navy, etc. IT would be difficult to exaggerate the value of the services render? f d by the United States Marine 7 b'and in the nearly century and a quarter pf its continuous existence, not only in time, of war and jmpetjT : wg death by stirring men to efforts that may be described as super? human, but in the piping times of 'X pence fey soothing the personnel pf ; the service into a sense pf 'greater Contentment during (he Jong years pf monotonous routine and depress ,J ing inactivity. It is in recognition of this important service that an effprt ' will be made to substantially enlarge tfic scope of this organization so as v tQ extend its sphere of official .activ ity every cpifa ship, nayy yard an4 chore station in the navy, ana 1 ?!e effort fee. FMfe for he army. iJS A csntury and a quarter of expe dience !)as demonstrated beyond the shadow Pf doubt that music has ex- ',Jrte4 powerful influence in the de- e1opmeut ef our navy and the time ss'jcaine vlien this influence should .e pfficially recognize and regur Oate under the direcfipn pf the l? 1 ine bjfiicj sq as to extend its bene jricial effect on breader "an more Hgeneral Itypt. "t, M0F tPan 100 Vears Old. For more than 100 years the Ma rine band ha$ done splendid work; important and practical, that it 33)as been reflected in the amateur janjs (now eni:Cfficia)y recogr .ize) aboard pur larger fighting gfcraft and shore stations and of late 3 ears we find that vocal music has een forging to the front in the ?$avy. It is becoming more and more -apparent that such a power aVniusic wn the service should come in for ;jull official recognition and the --laced under the authorized super? 1'1'ision ami direction of the Marine ,jland for its proper extension jn a ranches of the navy, both a float aad ashore. Musjc, as a niilitary function, 1W t3een recognized o far back as ftye -history of man goes! The walls of t Jericho fell to the. sound pf trurng: ttts and all through Biblical records i.i!5ve find that music was associtec) '."yith martial enterprises. Such acr i founts as we have pf he most au , .jcient peoples of the far east show '"jjhat ' they had music for all occa- cinne KntVi -urtiAn f - n otirl m .' 0 V ?f tfWlll UIIWll U b 1) B O II U III , out written history, had their con . ceptions of music in their war ''tpfn-toms"aB'4 where the indians ( of mm America, were wtt!iot I even .these crude symbols of Eu- jterpe, they performed their various i ceremonial dances to the accompa r' nirnent of yelps, grunts and shouts t whjch, to them, passed for music, i Patties Won Through Music. Some of the great battles of his ; tory have been lost or won through the influence pf rnustp. Ve have bean) legend pf how ' the breeze wafted the sound of bag ' nines from Havelock's relief col umn to the ears of the defenders bf Lucknow (during the Sepoy rebel lion) and stimulated them to hold out long enough to prevent a gen eral massacre of white men, women and children. It was a drummer- c boy who won a battle for Napolein , during the Italian campaign. The ) tide was running so strong against !i the "first consul" that he ordered a lr rejreat to be sounded and that was a confession of defeat. The regular . drummer had been killed and z ; youth, inexperienced in the use of ' the drum, had taken his place and ! the only "call" he knew how to play was the "charge;" and it was this 3 that he rattled out on the sheepshvi I with the result that, instead of rz ; treating, the Frenchmen charged and turned defeat jnta victory. yft had a similar instance in our jv own navy but, unfortunately, in this cafe the failure of the musician to ? feerform his duty, was the imme 1 diate cause of defeat. It occurred ' in the sanguinary battle between the American frigate Chesapeake nd the British war ship, Shanon June i J, B13. At a critical moment in the struggle, the English boarded and . the American bugler was ordered : to sound the call for boarders to t repel the enemy. But the hugjer I (a negro) was so paralyzed with 1 fear that he was unable to produce . a single note from his instrument-: -with the result that the enemy - quickly gained entire control of the v Chesapeake's decks and hauled I dawn her colors. T f akes Away .With Chesapeake. Z And it was only a few days after t this battle that music forciblyvdem- onstrated its military power. On the night following this naval ac I tiqn the Shannon, having the cap- tu?ed Chesapeake in company, ran int dense fogf while on her way to Halifax. Although the British v had won a victory, they were still J faf from being safe for if was ' knpwn that the po,werfuJ Amerjcip frigates, President and Congress, i were in that vicinity and could make easy capture of the Shannon ' in her crippled condition. Only the f afternoon before the Shannon had sighted two warships which were '- thpught to be the American cruisers, i but turned out to be British. Shortly before midnight, when the 5 fog rendered it impossible to see even a ship's length ahead, the s Shannon ;m startled by - the shrill piping ctf th tune Yankee ' Doodle" so close aboard that it w? 5 believed that the American frigate), t President and Congress, had come upon the Shannon under cover of th tog. All hands were called and preparations were made for dear fng ship for action when it was dis- covered that it was the Shannon's ; own fr tht wai'the ca?s pf ; the ' consternation. It seemi tht Cap, I tain Broke (tht British commander, who had peen desperately wounded I in theattle,) had ordered his iiter to play, he auaintly rfmrked. r t,tcauJ5"l thojight nothing wojjlJ cheer-rae up so much as that old tune." ' peverse "Power" of fusic. Almost as "powerful" in its effect on the nerves of the officers and crew was the shrill blast fron a fife drawn by an American musician who was a prisoner aboard the Brit ish frigate Leander, Capt. Sir peprge Collier, in the following year. The fifer was a "natural born musician'' as he himself declar ed. He came from the hills of Berk shire in Massachusetts where he had been the leader of the choir and was the "official fifer" of the local mili tary organjaation; Having triumph ed ever every rival in the .musical line on land, he desired to extend his conquest to the ocean and enlisted in the famous private-armed brig Prince de Neuchafl, which salted out bf Boston in December, 1314. arid a few days later was captured by the Leander. Our fifer was a thoroughbred American- Every thing in America was better and big ger than anything else in the "whole world" and he 'lowed that he could draw a "bigger blast" frpm his fife than could the Leander's fifer. Naturally thjs led "to disputations wi'.h the sturdy English fifer and in the heat of the argument the Berk shire champion before he could be. stopped) sent forth a blast that was veritably ear splitting. Unfortunate ly, at that moment Sir George was inspecting the Leander's marines drawn up at "attention" on the quarter deck. It was a solemn mo ment. So auiet was everything: aboard, than the fal of a pin might have been heard, when this ear split ting bjast resounded over the craft. The unexpected discharge of i broadside could not have produced greater consternation aboard the Leander. " QuV over-patriotic musi cian was promptly seized and ihrust into the cable tier where he wa kept on hard tack and bilge water for three days. Such is the power of music. There is no one class of profes sional men more susceptible to the Influence of music than the true sail or. He has been rocked to sleep with the lullabies of soft zephyrs, he had heard the staccato of rain drops on the deck just above his ham mock and he has faced the crashing crescendo of the raging tempest. He jgnns every note of nature s music yet, with all his love for the muse, he too frequently affects disdain. In the days preceding our civil war a bandmaster approached Cap tain Mervine with a request for an additional instrument. "Why, $ig? nor, hew is that? Can't you make enough npise without getting a piccolo?" A decade or so later, when another bandmaster put in a requisi tion for a trombone, the old seadog of a commander exclaimed, "Haven't we got enough 'shooting-irons' on board th8;ship without you getting one of those sliding-jointed, knock out machines?" 'And yet, it was we'l known in the service that np one appreciated mu sic mpre than the two commanders above quoted. t was the fashion in those days for warriors to affect dis? dain for the softer muse even though tney realized and tacitly acknowledged its beiiefiicial influ ence in their profession. Kidnaped Music Band. In snjtp of the affected indiffer ences of sprhe of our erly sea commanders for music, it would seem that one of them loved the music so much that he kidnaped a whole band of music. This was Capt. Daniel McNeil while in the Mediterranean station on our war ship Boston, in the year 1803. Touch ing at Messina, McNeil had a band from one of the local regiments come aboard and play for him. He was so pleased with their render ings that lie promptly hoisted an chor and sailed for the United States, with the band aboard, in spite of the vehement protests of the musi cians that they had not made pro vision for the support of their fami lies in their unexpected and en forced absence. Of course, our government dis avowed Captain McNeil's act and took measures for "the immediate" return of the musicians. But offi cial action, in those days, could be remarkably slow if need be, and there is reason to believe that this band made so many friends in Amer ica that ist return was purposely de layed. Anyway, it does seem a little queer that it was not until five years later, or in 1807. that the kid- gaped musicians were returning to ;urope in our frigate Chesapeake when that ship was attacked by the British war 'craft Leopard and was compelled to return to port and againithe return of these musicians to their Sicilian home was delayed. Evidently these musicians had taught Americans what real music was. Without doubt, they whiled away the years of their "captivity" in the United States by playing in public Previously to that our mar tial music geems to have been limit? d to drum and fife corps at least, the writer has found no record that would indicate that the government, freviously to 1802, had established a and of rn5ic in fither its navy or army. . . Our present marine band came Into existence under the law ap proved by President John Adams July 11, 1798, which provided for a corps to consist of 16 drummers and a similar number of fifer. Without doubt the "powers et the day' heard the kidnaped Messina band play, for it was soon after their arrival in the United States (1802) that Lieut CoC Archibald Henderson, y. S. (. C, brought from Europe I hand of )3 Italian musicians. Almest aj luckless as the Sicilian band that Captain McNeil kidnaped, was that which Captain Decatur captured jn 1812 aboard the British frigate Macedonian. The latter band consisted of eight musicians Ger mans, Frenchmen and Italians. They organized at Marseilles and en listed i" French wan?of?war which was captured bv the Portuguese and brought ta Lisbon. Here, in 1812, thev were nersuaded to enlist in tie British fripate Macedonian, and a tew weeKs taier was captured the Macedonian y iJecatur and brought to the United States this band heading the "great street pa rade" in New York in celebration of the victory. Possibly no better illustration could be had of the power of music than the manner in which the ma rine band "captured" congress. Down to 1856 this organization was stilt officially known a a "fife and druni corps" with its initial mem bership limited to 32. About that period, under the leadership of Francis Scala, the marine band gave concerts at the White House and on the capitol grounds. If "music had charms to soothe the savage breast," Scala demonstrated that it also could influence congress men for, goon after the inauguration of these concerts, congress legislat ed to reorganize the band and on July 25, 186, President Lincoln ap proved a law recognizing it as part of the military service of the United States. On March 3, 1898, President Mckinley signed a bill increasing not only the pay of the musicians but the membership to 73. Competent judges who have heard the rendering of "crack" military bands at Toulon, Kensington par dens (London), in Paris, Berlin, Cape Town, Calcutta, Hqng Kong, Vpkohama and Manila, unhesitat ingly declare that the marine hand of the United States suffers no in jury by comparison with any of the aforesaid organizations, Indeed, there is reason to believe that Daniel Webster, when describ ing the world extent of the Br't'sh empire in a speech delivered before congress in the 'Qs, got the inspira tion for his celebrated musical simile froro the ''drum and fife corps" of our marine band of that period in the follpwjng characteristic word?: "A power which has dotted the sur face of the whole globe with her possessions and military posts, whose morning drum-beat, follow ing the sun, and keeping company with the hours, circles the earth with one continuous and unbroken strain of martial airs of England." Applied tq Present Time. And, jn the light of our recent world expansions to Asia on our west and Europe on our east, the -simile might be applied with almost equal exactness to the 1919 power of the United States. With the splendid example of the Marine band before them, it is not surprising that we find the enlisted men in tne navy emulating it in the musical line so far as restricted cir cumstances would permit. Today there is scarcely a sh.ip in the United States navy ' any considerable size which has not aboard it some mu sical organization in the instrumental or vocal field; and these amateur efforts have won for themselves a semi-official recognition. Bee Want Ads Produce Results. uliiiSaiiinniiHi Haarmann Vinegar & Pickle Co. 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