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THE PEK: OMAHA. SATt'RPAY. APRIL 15. m.
Says Production Is Lesser Problem of Agriculture Merlon ! lrry Outline. Farmm' NrnU at Aggie (.'uiiimrncfmrnt I!xrrrif. Lincoln, Neb,, April 14. tial.) N'nt production. Iul inrkf ii. il aixt diuncf are the rrt prnb lwn ol Amtricjii auriiuliure, Mr ton I. Lorry, vr-iirral Unrney of (he Hclml Inn funk o( Omaha, de- tared in an ditre it the com iiuncrnirnt fxmif of the college of agriculture here toiiiji"'. -Stir ii ti lie oil culture alone can i ! nule farmm auvcettful." he id. " 1 he problem of farm finance i 'rectlv controls the urcf or lai! re of fanning operation. With all I he "kill and learning which may be i.ppliH to the oj, (he work ran not prove iirolitable unie the larnv rr comprehends the financial man agement of hi liuinc. It i not rnoiiKh t grow tiii( crop. Rood cattle, heavy hog; the farmer tnut. tor the commodity he produce, set a fair tnrattire of profit. Banker and biikines men lie ' awake night in ronsiderins the question of fi rancins their buine or banking operation. I lie capital investment on the average farm in Nebraska i n'.ten greater than that of the small town hank, at which the farmer uaiiiacti hii banking Ituinrn, and the merchandise More, at which he buys farm necessities. Ranker and busincM men appreciate the im portance of low interest rates, the buying of stock at the right time, the celling upon the bent market, the aurance at all times that the daily operations of the bank or business shall represent a fair margin of profit to themselves. The farmer must do the same. Co-Operative Marketing Good. "It js an appreciation of this situa tion which has called into being, during the last decade, the many farmers' co-operative organizations. For all such organizations, which shorten the route between the pro ducer and the ultimate consumer, with resulting profit both to the pro ducer and to the consumer, there can be no legitimate criticism. Co operative marketing has unquestion ably resulted in giving the 'farmer better prices for the things toe raises not an unfair price, but a fair price, and it has, therefore, been a boon to agriculture as well as to business generally. "Vc can, by legislation, provide a better field for the working out of economic laws, we can postpone their disastrous operation we can furnish to industry and agriculaure a stay of execution whereby more time and scope is given for the working out through orderly processes of production and industry of the remedies which always harmonize with the inexorable laws of nature and political economy. It is legisla tion of this kind in which we must be interested, not legislation which unnaturally seeks to change the course of these economic laws. Champions Farm Bloc. "Politicians, business men and statesmen are alive to the necessity of giving increased' relief to agricul ture. One of the most potent agencies in directing public atten tion to the agricultural situation in the middle west was the much-discussed farm bloc in congress. A bloc in congress is not an unusual thing; the only unusual thing about the farm blot is that -they were not ashamed to speak openly of the in terests they represent. We have had other blocs in congress we doubtless have them now. They se cretly represent distinct phases of our business and industrial life, too often with a singleness of purpose which is not compatible with the public interest. The farm bloc meas ures head and shoulders , above blocs of that selfish character. "When we were at the peak of the crisis, in midsummer .of . last yearj this bloc was largely respon sible for the forcing through con gress of the amendment to the War Iinance corporation act, which, in six months' time, placed $12,000,000 in the country banks of this state to be loaned to those engaged in agri cultural enterprises, and atotal of over $250,000,000 in other agricul tural districts. This money camet at a time when farmers were being forced to liquidate their products upon a depressed and unprofitable market, at a time when bank re serves throughout the state were sadly shattered; at a time when bus iness was in the slough of despair. This money, coming at the time it did. furnishing these additional cred it facilities, enabled the farmers to hold back their products and permit ted of a more orderly marketing generally throughout the state. This-I changed condition was almost im mediately reflected in a, slow but ' certain, increase in farm commodity prices. We are greatly indebted to the farm bloc for this and other leg islation which brought substantial relief to depressed agriculture. Two Credits Available. "There are now two classes of credits available to the farfner and it is ouite probable that a third das& wjU be added by the present , . rr j . ! r - i congress. ioaay me lammi .n borrow on six months' paper. This is the sort of paper the country bank has held through this deflation pro cess.. It is this kind of paper which has caused the farmer the most dis tress because he was called upon to liquidate at a most unhappy time. Ii has also caused what is known as the seasonal glut. Seventy-five and 80 per cent of the crops are marketed within 90 days of harvest time. This means a lower price to the producer, but not to the consumer. The profits are reaped by the middle men and speculators. The crying need is for such perfected credit facilities as will permit of orderly marketing marketing proportionate to the mar ket's ability to absorb it at a fair price. This means a better price for the producer and n higher price for the consumer. The middle man and speculator is the loser. A bill which has the endorsement of the Farm Bureau federation, the farm bloc, the leaders of the political parties, the federal reserve board, the treas ury department an of the agricul tural and business public generally, tas been introduced in both houses Bee Contest Will Aid Him r li ti ti Here ii a little French boy of the devastated region. Money obtained through the Good Will contest will go to help such as he. Nominations in the contest open in The Bee tomorrow. Any Nebraska or Iowa woman, with certain requirements, may become candidate for a free trip to France this summer. bth of congress, providing for a system of intermediate credits. As you know, the War Finance corporation ceases its activities, so far as mak ing agricultural loans is concerned, on July 1. 1922. In the four states of the Kighth federal land bank dis trict, thev have un-to-date loaned 855,000.000. These agencies may re new these loans up to three years after July 1, 1922, but no new loans may be made. , Would Continue Corporation. "The bills introduced in the house by Representative Anderson and in the senate by Senator Lcnroot, are the work of the joint commission on agricultural inquiry created by congress last June. They provide, in short, for the continuance of the activities of the War Finance cor poration through the addition of what will be known as farm credits departments of the Federal Land banks. The government provides a capital of $1,000,000 for each of the 12 Federal Land banks. The state and national banks, may discount with the farm credits department of the federal land banks, 'any note or other such obligation, the pro ceeds of which have been advanced or used in the first instance for an agricultural purpose, or for the rais ing, breeding, fattening or market ing of live stock.' Such paper hav ing a maturity of six months or less may in turn be rcdiscounted with the Federal Reserve bank. Paper having a maturity over six months and under three years is not subject to rediscount with the Federal Reserve bank, but against such securities the farm credits department of the sev eral federal land banks will issue bonds or debentures which will be sold, in much the same manner as federal farm loan bonds, the pro ceeds of such sales to be used for general agricultural purposes in the making of new discounts for the state and national banks. Provision is also made for co-operative loan associations to operate under the act, to which loans will be made upon warehouse receipts of staple agricul tural products. New Telephone Valuation Plan Used by Rail Body Lincoln. -April .14. (Special.) The state railway commission hand ed down a desicion in the Platte County Telephone company's appli cation for increased rates which is looked upon with importance as it outlines the commission's method of computing valuation of telephone holdings. , The commission in this case re fused to consider the immediate re production cost of this year or any certain period, minus a set precent age for deterioration. Instead, the commission arrived at the company's rate-fixing value by averaging reproduction cost for a number of years. Under its findings the commission granted the company permission to increase rates. Trench Spade for Joffre i ' Urged by Hot fmeister Lincoln, April 14. (Special.) Why not have. Marshal joffre turn the first shovelful of dirt for Nebras ka's new $5,000,000 state house with a trench spade? was the question asked by Representative Fred Hoff- meister of Imperial, a m embed of the road probe committee, upon his ar rival in Lincoln. ' j A trench spade is small and could be put in among our historical relics," Representative Hoffmeister said. I hen, too, it would be fitting for the great French warrior to use a trench spade because he can han dle it much better than a real spade." South Dakota Shipper Tops Omaha Hog Market The top price of $10.25 a hundred was received on the Omaha market for a load of choice Poland-China hogs by H. P. Mohr of Bonesteel, S. D. There were 86 head in the load that averaged 223 pounds and Mr. Mohr expressed satisfaction over the prices he received. - Mr. Mohr said farming operations around his section were quite well advanced and that most of the plow ing had been done. He' said there was considerable oats in the several patches of spring wheat planted. Durocs From PlainvievT Average Over 330 Pounds A load of prime hogs of the Duroc breed was sold on the Omaha mar ket by William Kuhl of Plainview. They averaged 353 pounds and brought $10 a hundred, just 25c from the top. Call at 4SW Vadrrwnmi Ave. far special Um f aiilUnery fri. aad Sat. At. Young Stockers Are Scarce in Keith County 11. W. Blomcnkamp was in from Keystone with six loads of fed steers which were of sufficient quality to sell for $7.85 a hundred. He said there was a large number of cattle in the feed lots in Keith county but that young stockers were scarce and prophesied many empty iced lots before the season was over. Mr. Blomenkamp was accompanied to the market by H. W. Winterer, retired stockman of Keystone, and he expressed the opinion that in the next 10 years stockmen, farmers and producers in general will get better treatment than they are get ting at present. He paid there would be a realization that the producers are one of the most important fac tors in the business life of the coun try and that there would be a move ment to give them more of a square deal than they are getting now. Mixed Yearling Shipment Tops Omaha Cattle Market A shipment of 24 head of mixed yearlings averaging 721 pounds was brought to the Omaha livestock market by J. Wilwerding of Earl ing, la. The steers and heifers in the shipment were mixed Augus and Herefords and he received the high mark of the day for cattle of that weight of $8.10 a hundred. Mr. Welwerding said the consignment was made of cattle of his own rais ing and feeding. Logan Farmer Gets Stock Cattle to Put on Pasture Charles Hansen nf I.noran Ta . - - a t ' boucht two loans of stnrk rattlo on the Omaha market to run on his pas tures this summer. He said most of the cattle in his section, that were feH Ihp nact winter haA Tn cif in market. He said the farmers around Logan were having pretty good luck with their pigs and that there would he several chinments nf nnrkere tn the Omaha market from Logan in ine near luture. Interurban Given Permit ; to Run Cars Seven Days T Ann! 11 CQr. -.' I T.l- gram.) The Nebraska railway com mission granted the Omaha and Lin coln' Railway and Light company permission to put on seven-day-a-( week service and left it Optional with ' the company whether to cut its ex press service from Sixteenth and Farnam streets, Omaha, to 8 and 4, with an extra car at noon during summer months. Bee Want Ads Produce Results. Eastern Roads Request a Flat Wage Reduction Cut f 7 Cniti in Hour for Clerical ami Station Forte i AAcd in Hearing Ucfure Labor Board. Chiuiso, III. April 14. A fU kig reduction of 7 cents an hour for railroad clerical and nation forces ked by eastern carriers before the railroad kbor board ytu terdjy and general rut on a territor ial ba.ii were urged by fwtB road. The tranportaton Jmes opened their attack on exiting clerks' wages following the completion of the hearing on the wage of the section laborers. For two days uceion of human exhibit appearded before the board, all telling story ol in sufficient wages and pleading not only again! any further cut but an for an increase in pay. "Minimum living wage which would protect the employe and at the same time enable the roads to meet competition from ouuide in duitries" was the requeat of J. W Higgins. (or the western roads, who suggested the scale of 1917, based on local condition as a working point in which the board could adjust a new geographical scale for the pres ent. Exhibits were introduced by John C. Walbcr for csakteru carriet. showing requests for a reduced wage averaging 34.4 cents an hour for all clerks and station forces. Kates pro posed by the employes average 55.21 cents an hour. Signs That Indicate Person Growing Old Huntington, W. Va., April 14. When did you first notice that you were growing old? A reporter here set out to learn the answer from different Hunting ton people, with some interesting results. Here are some of the an swers: When I noticed the first gray hair. When I met my son for the first time walking with a girl. When a girl friend told me she was in love with some other -man. When I lost my first tooth. When I lost my breath while go ing up hill. When a mother asked me to see When the presence of many peo her young daughter home, pie began to bore me. When I began to find more pleas ure in staying home than in going out in the evening. Japanese Forces Renew Drive on Chita Troops Moscow, April 14. (By A. P.) A dispatch from Chita, Siberia, dated April 8, says the Japanese have resumed their offensive, forc ing the Chita government troops to evacuate several villages in the Amur region and to withdraw un der fire. The dispatch said re ports received there from the front declared the Russian population was fleeing in terror. In the direction of Khabarovsk to the north of Vladivostok, the Vlad ivostok anti-bolshevik troops were reported to be retiring toward Ni- kolski under pressure from the Chita forces. , Prisoner Sentenced to Hang Cheats Gallows by Suicide Leakesville, Miss., April 14. Man- cey Kelley, under sentence to be hanged here for the murder of Pro hibition Officer R. G. Green and Town Marshal Dunnam at Richton, near here, more than a year ago, lifted the g"o by ommining uirid With nu!l pocket Vnif that he bad confuted in hi hoe. Kl ley Uhtd hi throat in the pre eine if the iuniitr at the roifkn of the (ilftntlt forming la conduit turn to h pUct of eartution, Choice Ywlitig Arc Shipped From Clurkon CttiWxMi represented on the Omaha ivctxk market by 14 head of choice yearling averaging l,t7o louiidt that bro"tilil 1 a hundred, brought in by l rank Brabee. who Mid they were of hi 'own rainnu and fed on corn and alfalla. Building Drive Planned in York Women Will L'rpo Hrautifjing City Fifty JS'rw Hom Arc AuSocalrd. York, Neb., April 14. (Special ) Plan hav been formulated and endorsed t nut meeting of the bu.inei men of the city to perfect a home building awiuiiii to create interest in home building and home onrrhip- C, A- UCHlJ M4 the pfiiuip.il .ptakir ot h rvrniii,' inj outlined the wy in wliuh the UnL and trut f iwiiuiuf ( lii n'v would handle the inuiuial end H the a.jQiution. "J'lliy bonutt L.ii,!.J .e pUud tin der voiuif ui lion la ntf the irviiig need ol the tiiy tod-tv," drtlaied the pelrr, "Mtue Hln building in York ha been u.pcnd-d. The homing in York today will' not ac commodate ttr one luM id uur til' Ueu and more arc wauling to come lo York, In prdrr In meet l lu iieed, building iuut l'f dmir," The history of Hatting' huw and what ha. been nerompluhed wa reviewed by W, U Liggett, who en dored the movement. A iikriiMii M l''i Woixiii lull, Mi U4 Ion" di'ilJif l tlul 4 .mHi' iunirniv"t wa liuw lilig Umu-I wln.lt wol I .iiiMuljie iiiirir.t amoi.g hu i",il' ll Voik ill lr4Ulit)itig Iheii lVlr n.J tuirOlllldiltg piojicm ,,, tiir 1 1 an example i Iwilr City. IJ Oilier Mnakil ( the rvritiut? weir, I'.. S Lawiriue. I'. I. Van Wukle, G. W, Mirnk. Ueuiii Uc ha, 11 A. l oill and Mavor I ittlr It Im hern tU'ikkd to bold builder' tiiv where hiiitdnu iiiif riaU. il' ioraiM.n. and tiirnihingi will be exhibited, l ur up.tti dale P"it " trail The l!cr. Ymi will l.nd it ny It ir. ting. ' Milk For Infants & Invalids MO COOKING The. "Food-Drink" for All Ages. Quick Lunch at Home, Office, and Fountains. Atk far HORL1CKS. K9"Avoid Imitations & Substitutes Footwear "ft Of Style and Distinction For Easter There is a double pleasure - in wearing shoes that are correct and exclusive. You please yourself and haTe the added satisfaction of knowing that others admire them. Fry's showing of the new est in Easter footwear is complete (Your Inspection Is Invited) Fry Shoe Co. Douglas EX A Hand Made Batiste Blouse for $1.95 One hundred batiste blouses, all hand-made, fashioned in tuxedo style, daintily trimmed with hand-drawn work and embroideries in five different patterns, one of which is illustrated at the side. Sizes 34 to 46. Priced only $1.95. Tha Blouse Shop Third Floor The Lowest Price For Fine Silk Hosiery $1.95 a Pair A SALE TO ATTEND First quality hosiery of pure thread silk in chiffon, medium and heavy weights. Silk to the top or lisle tops and soles as you may prefer. Full fashioned, first quality, white, black, all the shades of brown, gray, sil ver, polo, pearl, rose, beige, sand, nude, buck, beaver, navy, gold, and blonde. Quality With Economy $1.95 a Pair Special Easter Prices for Spring Furs Hudson Bay sable chokers, $65.00 Dark stone marten chokers, 45.00 Sable fox a new shade, 35.00 Siberian squirrel chokers, 18.00 kolinsky ringtail chokers, 15.00 German fitch, two-skin, 16.50 American mink chokers, 22.50 . (Kit foxes, $10.00) Saturday the Last Day of These Remarkably Low Prices The Fur Shop Third Floor Dress Voiles 35c a yard Their fine, sheer quality is easily ap preciated, while new checks, stripes and floral designs in every s p r i n gtime color offer so wide a range of choice that every preference is gratified. 40c and 50c a yard. .. Second Floor Sheets $1.25 Are Special Bleached seamless sheets for single and three - quarter beds. 72x90-inch and 63x 90-inch sizes. Made from good sheeting free from dressing. Saturday price of $1.25 is very low. Second Floor Sonia HairNets 50c a dozen In every desired shade of both cap and fringe styles for 50c a dozen. A Timely Glove Sale Trefousse French kid slip-ons in black, white, brown and pastel are offered Saturday for a great ly reduced price. $3.98 a pair New Hand Made Undies Attractive matched sets of chemise, prin cess slips and petti coats have trimmings of real filet and Irish crochet lace. Slipover gowns with chemise to match are trimmed with real filet. $5 to $9.50. Gowns with filet or Irish crochet, p i n tucks and two-toned ribbon straps, have envelope chemise and skirts to match. $8.50 to $14.75. Princess slips with bodice tops and filet lace trimmings are $11.50. Second Floor Finishing Touches Happy is the woman who has the time or takes it to exercise the greatest of care in her selection of what is termed accessories. Meaning gloves, handker chiefs, neckwear, veils, and the many other little things that promote the suc cess of one's costume. Neckerics "pIIINK a moment and you will find that the smartest woman of your acquaintance is most concerned about the appearance of her neck fixings. This spring the suit insists on having a bevy of lovely vestees. Dainty organdies with gingham frills about the collar and down the front are $3. Those of cambric with eyelet embroideries have cuffs to match. $1.75 a set. ' Main Floor ft ! M i I if I I 1 1 1 . Ill ' 1 1 I I l'l I "I WW Alt r a c 1 1 v e ones of while pique are checked and striped. $7.50. Your 'Kerchief P VEN our great grandmothers were told that it is "the little ' things that count" and so it is today when one thinks of the many . d a i n ty handkerchief s she really must have. Those of hand-embroidered linen come in ever so many bright shades. 65c. White 1 i nen 'kerchiefs with colored hand embroideries are 89c each. Plain white hankies with Madeira edge are 50c. 1 Main Floor A Silk Handbag X ND if one is dressed in new spring finery, but carries a shabby handbag im agine how the morale of the whole costume is affected. This unnecessary defect may be easily remedied by purchasing a new silk bag at Thompson, Belden's. There are both regular and flat shapes in moire and fig ured or striped Pekin silks with cord handles. Main Floor One de 1 i g htful model, the flat shape, is only $1.95. Others range on up to $15. New Veilings A VEIL, it has been proved, will make even the plainest hat attractive so of course, a veil you must have. They come in almost every color in large and small mesh and large . and small chenille dots. Priced from 65c to $1. Main Floor Fancy Combs A LWAYS there must be a touch of color in the evening it may be a fancy comb in the daytime it is often gayly colored beads. Charming combs in shell, black, gray and amber are either plain carved or studded with white or colored stones. $3.75 to $18. Main Floor 'A