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Omaha daily bee. (Omaha [Neb.]) 187?-1922, June 10, 1922, Image 14

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Merchant Fleet
Has Purse Value
to U. S. Farmers
Subsidy Insures Dwpoeal of
Crop Sorplui; Factory
Product! Must Have
Prompt Carriage.
' ' ABTHUI T. ,
The. farmer's intereit in a mer
chant marine is evidenced by the cry
of tht sixteen greet agricultural
ttatci, ranging (rom our central val
leys to the rei(ic. with a popula
tion ol over 40.000.000 people, or the
development ol the Great Lake-St
Lawrence waterway, and the
inf and deeping of our riven, includ
ing the Miiippi.
At Governor Allen ol Kansas ha
often urged, the farmer feeli the toll
the railroadi collect in bringing hn
produce to aeaboard often marks
the difference between ability and in
ability to compete abroad. For thi
reason, the Great Lakei-St. Lawrence
and the Lake-to-the-Gull water,
ways are urged in the hope and be
lie! ol bringing theieacoat a thou
sand miles nearer to the valleys ol
Thus the farmer admits the very
essential necessary to his prosperity
of water carriage abroad; and surely
the same reasons make it imperative
that an American merchant marine
exist to insure the prompt and regu
lar dispatch of the product ol the
mine and factory apply to the farm-
Ship When Needed.
Even, the most ardent proponent
of our inland waterway development
can no longer feel jhere is, any pos
sibility of success the venture un
less we have assurance ol ships un
der our own flag, for the very nature
of the commodities and of climatic
conditions to be encountered make
the use of the St. Lawrence water
way, for Instance, seasonal, and for
this seasonal purpose we must com
mand our own carriage if we are to
make sure of the bottoms when and
as we need them.
The world has completely changed
in consequence of the late war, and,
as outlined in previous articles, no
nation's needs have 'changed more
than America's. Therefore, the old
arguments that .existed against the
necessity of a merchant marine no
longer hold. But, unfortunately,
millions, including the farmer, have
not had time or opportunity to de
velop the facts as to the changed
conditions and changed needs; they
hold on to the fetiches of the past
' It is often sked by those who are
living in the shadows of other days
why the farmer should be required
to contribute to a subsidy for. ships
when the 'product of the farm re
mains unsubsidized. Such, of course,
is far from the fact, because in the
protection given byv the tariff the
farmer, like the manufacturer and all
of us, is subsidized and, very proper
ly, to the extent of our needs. Sub
sidy for Ships is the identical thing
that tariff protection is to home pro
duction. ' - v
Leader for Subsidy.
'At the hearings-held by the joint
committee of the senate and house
in relation to the proposed subsidy
legislation, : Mr. J. K. Howard, presi
dent o! the American Farm federa
tion, testified that, while his as
sociation Was opposed to subsidies in
principle and certainly to subsidies
save for' 4 limited period (which is
the view Of the Harding administra
tion), a careful study by experts ap
pointed by the federation had led him
to testify in behalf of and to urge the
enactment of the legislation proposed
for the merchant marine.
1 "Merchant marine rates," said Mr.
Howard, "are just as important as
railroad rates to the farmer. The
farmer may not always realize this
fact, because he is able to visualize
the rail transportation and does not
frequently " come ; in contact with
ocean traffic. It is a distinct factor,
however, in the price of his commod
ities, for the surplus of our crops
sold abroad largely sets the price of
these commodities in this country."
, Mr. Howard averred that 23 per
cent of our wheat and 56 per cent
of our cotton is exported.. He fig
' ured closely the cost of subsidizing
agricultural cargoes under the act
and estimated it would amount to an
average of 1-4 of a cent a bushel on
wheat and 6 cents a bale on cot
ton. c-v ; ,
Farmers' Insurance, He Says.
. "The subsidy," said Mr. Howard,
"will be a , guarantee against loss
from failure to reach markets regu
larly and when markets are best.
Marketing is todiy the farmer's
chief problem. The ship subsidy is
our best insurance for the marketing
of the farmer's exportable sur-
plus." v,'v .
Some , make the point that in the
.near future America -will consume
i mil its farm "products and .will have
- no exportable surplus; but still the
farmer's interest in an established
merchant marine remains supreme,
because through a merchant marine
we can insure world trade for the
products of factory and mine"; it
means greater prosperity at home
and consequent higher prices for the
farmer's product, even though none
of it be exported.' v r
, So, whether it be froitfthe stand
point that the farmer will have sur
pluses .which, if their ,transporta
. tion abroad is not assured, will back
. up on him to the destruction of his
prices; or whether: he will have no
surplus and relies on the prosperity
of the American workers, in other
callings.! the ' establishment of . a
merchant marine has become of
prime importance.
Because Che nations of Europe
. which owe us vast debts will un-
ertake to buy the product of the
(arm and factory that they have for.
roerly obtained from America else
where in order not to increase their
debt to us, we must insure prompt
and regular carriage under our own
Hag to bring about such efficiency
in delivery as will compel trade.
In a previous article I have re
ferred to the fact that when Britain
was engaged in the Boer war and
had to pull her ships off to her war
needs, our grain growers and wool
growers found themselves in bank
rupt market because we had not the
bottoms with which to export their
products, Had wt bad our own
merchant marine our growers never
would have suffered this great hard
In the next and concluding article
of this series I shall undertake to
discuss how the government pro.
poses to insure the needed sea car
Tlw fliwl mtiUU kr Me. I km wltt
we u n SM
Move to Reduce
Postage Rates
Made in House
C. C Farm Owners
Hear Tenant Talk
Question Agricultural Expert
' on Proper Kind of Lease
to Draw Up.
p-f ir r r;n f id. ' .
agricultural college discussed farm
leases before the agricultural com
mittee of the Chamber of Commerce
yesterday. The committee, which
inciuaes a numucr oi umana Dull
ness men who own farms in Iowa
and Nebraska, has been at work for
several months drawing un a form
of lease that would be fair to the
tenant, the landowner and the soil.
Members of the committee who
favored a Ion term lease as insur
ing more interest in maintaining the
fertility of the soil questioned rro
fessor Filley on this queition. While
he advocated a one-year lease in
order to give the landlord more con
trol of his property, he advised the
inclusion ot a clause guaranteeing
renewal if the tenant was satis
factory. If the tenant were not
notified before July 1 that he was
not to have the farm another year.
Prof. Filley said the lease should be
considered extended.
A modification of the stock share
partnership lease drawn up by Pro
fessor Lloyd, formerly of Iowa
State Agricultural college, now of
Purdue university, was favored by
Professor Filley. . who offered to
send copies of this to any one. writ
ing the state college. Under this
arrangement the landlord and ten
ant would each supply half the ma
chinery and live, stock and divide
the profits.
Autoist Who Blocked '
Crosswalks Is Held
Just the other day traffic officers
were, scored for permitting autoists
to crowd pedestrians at crossings.
Yesterday Traffic Officer Anton
Paulson arrested J. H. Hansen on
a charge of violating the traffic "rules
Dy blocking a crossyalk at Twenty-
lounn ana rarnam streets.
Hansen was released to uncart in
central police court this morning by
Sergt. Bert Thorpe.
Hansen gave his 1 occupation as
salesman and his address as 722
South Thirty-seventh street.
Representative Kelly Intro
duces Bill to Repeal Two of
Four Increases Imposed
ai War Measure.
Oawha Um$i Win,
Washington, June 9. Reduction
o? second class postage rates, which
were .originally imposed as war
taxes, wss proposed in a bill intro
duced in the house by Representative
M. Clyde Kelly, Pennsylvania, re
publican. The hill is intended to
give relief to the newspapers snd
magasincs which have made repre
sentations to congress thst the con
tinuation of high postal rales seri
ously affected the entire publishing
The Kelly bill would repeal the
last two of the four increases in poi
tal rates which were made under
the war revenue law of 1917. Repre
sentative Kelly, In a statement, I
pointed out that newspaper and ni.
asine publishers oi the country sre in
need of relief (rom this discrimina
tory war tax in order that the press
may continue to function. He slated
that the proposed measure retains
the preswt tone system of postal
charges, but reduces tht amount ol
charge to the second advance in
rates which became effective July 1,
1919. According to Mr. Kelly, the
rates asked would still give the gov
eminent I7S per cent more than the
prewar rates and would not relieve
the publishing industry ol one cent
of the other federal taxes paid by
it in common with other industries.
Trunk Used at Signal .
of "Blind Tiger' Police Say
Charles Davis, J0J North Sixteenth
street, was fined $25 in central po
lice court yesterday for conducting
a disorderly house.
Mt, 111 I
raiding squad, used to be known as !
U. H.....1. I.'..- - . I
while, officers claim, a trunk stood
on me waix in iront ot tne place
whenever liquor could be purchased
In iifrtv. Liter an autamnhil tire
was used, snd . .""-e. recently a suit
case in the window. -liftSHU
Former Omaha Doctor Back
From Trip Through Orient
Dr. Taut II. Ludington, former
Omaha physician, who went to
Trinceton, N. J., is at Hotel Fon
tenelle for a lew days, returning from
a five-months' trip through the
Orient. "
Dr. Ludington visited Australia,
New Zealand, China, Honolulu,
Korea, Japan and other places in the
fsr east. In China, where fighting
was going on, the visitor's party In
curred nothing more than incon
venience. .
The "Food Drink" for AH Acee,
Quick Lunch tHorae.Office.and
fountain, Aikfor HORUCKi.
B-kvelA iWrtarinns f. fcAfffafa
1 'Built Like Fort
I The Hartmann Wardrobe Trunk
i .
fheta circle tell the itory el the most wonderful wardrobe trunk value ever offered
v 7 rifwiNft
Baa shoe box, drawer locking bar, cushion top, hat drawer, Interlocking hardware
: and it is - Gibraltarized
By Glbrajtarind we mean Hartmann 's solid round edge, never
before used except in Hartmann s finest Panama model4
1803 Farnam
Here 16 Yean.
33x4 Sprague
CorcU $24.12 for
1519-21 Douglas
"Style Vithout
Featuring forSaturday
An Unparalleled Offering
:vkade possible by a Sensational Purchase of '
at a price that sets a new
record for Value
Former values as high as $35
A Complete Range
v . t- ' of Sizes
For Women and Misses .
' . , .
Dresses that have never been equalled at this price
an extensive selection of charming models, exquis
itely fashioned of Crepe Back Satin, Canton
' Crepe, Krepe Knit, Georgette,-Crepe de -Chines
and Novelties; elaborately
trimmed and shown in the . '
'favored shades.,
Early Attendance at This Sale Will Prove
' Advantageous . ..' -
Fenrtk Floor .
Exelutlve Store tor Men and Boy$
Hot Weather Specials on Sale Saturday
You caa set ; Palm
Beach Suits to your
choice of a Tarietr of
patterns. The cloth is
all the same quality,
all the same welfht,
but It Is made In many
patterns and shades,
from severe dark
tones up to the fare
tllar light colors.
Every Palm Beach
Suit made of genuine
Palm Beach Cloth
bears the Palm Beach
an 820.00 m
Extra Pants. 84.50
Hart Sebaffner a
Marx and other
Golf Knickers made of Palm Beach are cool and
good looking practical Q(t QK
and durable, at pU-t0
$2.50 $3.85
These pants were made to retail at 15.00 and $7.50.
Casslmeres, tweeds, fancy striped worsteds, serges, cool
cloths, tweeds, palm beaches, mohairs, salting patterns,
hundreds of pairs to match your last aeason coat, all
alzes but not in all patterns. Sizes run from 28 to 48.
Greatest line of pants ever shown In Omaha at these
prices. Tou know when Hayden Bros, put on a sale
today In their clothing departments what it means to
the buying public, we buy for eash, naturally we buy
cheaper; that'a why1 we sell clothing at these prices.
No such merchandise shown anywhere at these prices.
All these pants were made to retail at 85.00 and $7.50.
& Marx
Have put' new life and new
coloring in their new mod
els. Style, lit and .work
manship. Prices are right
'3522 39s
Extra Pants $5
Rochester Specials The
home of good clothes; all
t. . w II m m m
nana lauorea, au wool lab
rics; style is there, and
the wearing qualities are
great. '
29 $35i
Pure wool worsteds: A
fortunate purchase from a
well known maker. Colors:
blue and brown. Suits are
well made and - material
good. . . . . ,
Extra Pants $5
3,000 Straw Hats at a Price, $1.95
This recent special purchase of j spic-span
brand new. imported Sennet hats of fine and
medium weave West Indias, Panamas, Porto
Ricans and Japanese Panamas. Scores of
correct ,new styles in yachts, telescopes, al
pine, optimo and drop crown. . y. , ...
Hand-made leghorn hats at. $4 to $7.50
Hand-made straw hats at ... $4 to $7.50
Genuine Panamas, special ...... . ,$5.00
White golf hats, special . . . .'. .65c
Boys' Shirts and Blouses
In a Sale for Saturday
Boys' sport blouses; : plain blue
chambray, special at .... . . . 50c
Boys' shirts; Kaynee and K. & S.
make; $1.50 and $1.75 values; Sat
urday ..... ..... rv. . . . .$1
Boys' all wool bathing suits . . .$3
Boys' sport blouses, special ...$1
Boys' wash ties, special at . . .25c
Boys' wash pants, $1.50, $2.50
Boys' koveralls, made by Levy
Straus & Co.," special . (in the an
nex) .............. 1 .98c
Boys' overalls, all sizes, at. . .95c
Boys' two-pants suits, at . .$5.95
Special 75c and $1.69
700 bora' wash suits, made of atroriff n.
terial in fast colors that will wiljistand
repeated wd Dings; well made and tailored
in a way to please little boys. These are
suits that mothers like to buy in quantity
for all-summer use. Sizes 2 to 9 years.
$1.50 values at .:-.....,..i....75
$3.00 and $3.50 values in one big lot, at
only $1;69
Boys' Headwear ; .3y -
Boys' wash,hats, 75c values at ...... 45
Boys' golf caps, all colors, including blue
serge, values to $1.00, Saturday ... .45
Boys $1.50 and $2.00 straw hats. Satur
day at ............... $1.00
Popular -WallPapers
, Greatly
30-inch Harmonella
(Blended oatmeal). In
new colors and shades.
Very special at, "1 H
roll ...... ... A 41
Papers for Kitchen, Din
ing Boom and Hall. In
light and dark colors. Spe
cial, per roll . . . . . .. .5
Beautiful bedroom papers,
satin stripes, floral stripes
and chintz patterns. Spe
cial, per roll . ...... .9
Varnished tile for kitch
ens and bath rooms. . A
large selection to choose
from. Very special, per
roll ............. ..14
All above items' sold with
cut-out borders or bands.
Foarti Floor
Trunk, Bags and Suit Cases
At Special Price Xedaetiom
Thle sale will Include all our fine
bags and suit cases. Tbtie prices are
exceptionally low for toweling begs,
suit cases and trunks ef such high
quality. ' Some of the Items in this
sale are mentioned below. Others
that are equally as good.
Full size wardrobe trunks, $25.00
values, at 914.95
Steamer wardrobe trunks, $27.60
wlues,at $19.50
Full size wardrobe trunks, open top,
all complete, $40.00 values, $29.50
General purpose trunks, special at
only $l6. $11. $12 and $25
$7.50 bags and suit cases ..$4.95
$12 and $12.50 bags and suit cases
t $7.95
$15 and $20 bags and suit cases, spe
cial at $11.95
Very Special Savisf
Opportunities en Qaaa
and Glassware
$46.00 Dinner Set, $27.80
American semi-porcelain with
rose border. 100 pieces.
Service for 12 persons.
$15.00 50-Piece Gold Band
( Dinner Set, $11.75
Water Set
Daisy cut ' Regularly $2.21.
Jug and glasses ..$1.25
Ice Tea, Tumblers -Formerly
sold at $2 a dosen.
now per dozen $1.50
Water Tumbjers
Six for ...............25e
Candlesticks, 50o
Colored glass. 75c. values.
Decorated China Oops
and Saucers
Regular $4.25 a dozen.
for v -M.50
Surar and Oreamera
Cut glass, formerly 75c; now
t ...auc
75c S-at glass waUr uttriHn
at .KH
"Meet Me at Herzbergs"

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