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RALEIGH, N. C. TUESDAY, MARCH 29, 1898. Number 30. 1 BLOWN W FROM OUTS DE This Verdict of the Court of Inquiry is with Confidence and with Freedom Confirmed by Admiral SicarcL THE TESTIMONY GOES TO SHOW A BIG SUB MARINE MM But the Exact Character of the Mine Was Not Determined by the Investigation, Yet the Belief is Expressed That it Was a Floating Sub-Marine Mine. THERE WERE TWO EXPLOSIONS, THE COURT FINDS, THE FIRST WAS FROM THE OUTSIDE clearly apparent in the developments of the day, to minimize the sit vial ion. Views in detail, the findingK of the with the evidence, on "which it based, that occupied the attention of the Cabi net through'out its extended sessions )C the morning and afternoon. All ether and lesser subjects jjavc way to this foremo-t question. Thorj was no change in 'the plan of nuk'ng the report public and transmitting it to Conirrirs" early next week, ar-co-.npnni.'d by a brief message from the President. While interest, was thus centered at the White House, the Navy and War Departments were harrying forward their work of ; (reparations. The ad vance of the Spanisn flotilla contiirucd to receive 1he close-it attention of aval officials, and while so far as cutkl W ascertained no deri lite lino of action was determined upon, he neel of intoreep- jUio squadron will be the crack armored ' f miser Brooklyn, the battleships Mas sachusetts and Texas, and the cruisers Columbia and Minneapolis. Other ship' which are. now or hereafter, at Hampton Roads, will not be of the living squad nut, but. Avill belong to the North At-; lantic tsration, under Captain Sampson.' The Flying Squadron is to be a small compact tieet of the U-st ships in the Navy, for quick service at any point along tJu Atlantic coast. j At the same time the North Atlantic station under Captain Sampson is to be ; further nugutnentod. The cruiser ('in : eiiinati. which left Tort Antonio thnv days ago. under sealed orders is to re lrt at Key West and become a part of Captain Sampson's fleet. The pin ! boat Wilmington, also en route from Port Antonio, will likewise report to Captain Sampson at Key West, as will kilso the gunboat Yieksburg, now at Hampton Roads. Late today, the Navy Department gave out the following list of veissols, as showing the exact char acter of each licet: "The following vessels compose the North Atlantic Squadrm: "New York. Iowa, Indiana, Mianio nomah Fern. Puritan. Terror. Marble- 1 iiead, Montgomery, Deli w.uo, Castine, !Na-"hville. Helena. Wilmintrton. Vesn- noth-e t -tipHy officers and men to", man the single trreie-1 monitors now ' ealh"d into s;rviee. Orders were iuod to-day to have .11 the war ships painted black, a color that is ln-tter adapted to hostilities leojuse ! the vessels will not afford as go4 a tar- ' b''t. j Tlie Navy )epartmcnt was informed ' by cablegram from Lieutenant Col well, ) Naval Attache l the United States Km-j bassy at Loudon, that agents of this gov- j enimeut had purchased a "Sehisha u" ; torpedo boat that had be n const nicted i for the German government. The new J acquisition is of the general type of Cor- ! man torpedo boats and is regarded as a I valuable addition to our Navy. One fe i- ' tare regarding her that affords sj.t i d gratification to the otficials of the Navvi Department is that she i now ready for t-ea. It is expected that in a few days she will leave for the Knifed States. She will lie aide to make the journey across the Atlantic without difficulty, as she is a good sea-going vessel and her coal capacity is amide for the trip to this country. She is a 2" knot vessel, and about 1-"i feet I on jr. While of the same general type as the Rodgers and Foote, of th ' United States Navy, she is a trille larger. At the Navy Department the precise di- The Cabinet Immersed in the Consideration of the Report--Spain ri ids the Cause to Have Been Internal and Requests That Report be Withheld From Congress Until Both Reports Have Been Considered by Both Governments War Preparation on an Unprecedented Scale, and the Day One of the Most Eventful in Washington Since the Civil War Spain Refuses to Stop Her Flotilla From the Canar- ! ies, but is Disposed to Reinforce it A Span ish Paper Invokes the Maine's Fate Upon the Montgomery -A Bill to Accept Volunteers Officers to be Taken From Havana and Gen. Lee Left Alone to Hold the Fort - Mysterious Sailing of Battle-Ship Texas-The Eager Forces of the Two Nations Seemingly Steam ing Toward the Focus of the Coljssal Clash of Batt!e--Amerca Gigantically and Grimly Flushed Toward Firm and Final Action. WASHINGTON. D. C, MARCH -tIik AFTERNOON CA KINKT SKS SlOX LASTED KNTIL NEARLY .::;o O'CLOCK. THE ENTIRE SIT IT A TION WAS DISCUSSED AT LENGTH. Ill T NO DEFINITE AND FINAL CONCLUSION ON ANY PARTICULAR POINT WAS REACH ED. Till: SITUATION IS REGARDED AS DECIDEDLY CRITICAL, AND IT IS F EARED THAT THERE WILL KE GREAT DIFFICULTY IN AVOIDING TROUBLE. .MINISTER WOODFORD HAS KEEN CAP. LED ON TIE. SU1UECT. UNCLE SAM'S FLEET OF MONITORS. In case of war with Spain the monitor fleet would be of great value to Uncle Sam as coast defenders. Monitors are ioor seagoing ships, but are very effective in the defense of seaboard cities. . Ko-A'C1- THE MEN WHO MAY C033MAND. In C'.e event of war General Miles, General Men itt, Rear Admirals Bance and Sicard and Commodore Schley will ba conspicuous leaders on land and sea. )w Atiuy. t. -.Jay li .i.I ;i I i r nf cr n-. m ith StT'tary .!.-cr w ith r-f. r ii ! additional 'iiii- and irun a r; r id i:.-. A f. v. day a-.i S.-i r tary Al-.-r al!ot:, t. innTu! Ulajlr SI.i'M'M fn-tn tin tiifr-fti. appropriation mad-- by Cai-ur-.'-c. to I... ;,-d by t! - Mrdaart.-.- -tt aa in the d :, ;i,,n ,,f tb tn ial U!a br. This an;. mat a n.-t, in tb - j i si -ion ..f tb"ii-ral Ul.i'h-r. miM i-i.-nt to un i t rf.piir.'tn.-n! s of tin pro.-vut .hut--''H'') and his oin frit-in c with tin- S nv tary was t,. obtain an additional a!!ou -an.i Afl.r a nr;u ,-.u!as- of j !M. nation. SitTftary Al-.-r -a' General I'la-'ler a bl,ri! a.!.lti.,nal ad. .intent li-oin t!ie apropriatin. but no informa tion eould be obtaine,! either from Gen eral Fl.-i-ler or ! r tJ,4. Secret a r. V of- tiee as Jo ainollilt. l!i" Mini iim-a be n ov .on-i.i. : a bie one. howexer. a-, tbi.erai Fli-l.r v.ij, thai it to - U.,-,1 jo eover pro visional eont met enti v-l into t r the onstl!etio of new -.1V ,,f x;ir;,MW alilis .-1 1 , 1 1 their m-i ,vs.a r e.i r i i. i -e. Friidinir anion on the report uf th,. Court of Inquiry. Liouteiiant 'oniinatid T Mati.v. the .ImLe Adxo.ate of tin Curt will be on N-eial duty in thoolii.e of the .lud-e Adv M ate General. Here lie will i.o available to Mippiy any in formation that the I'l-jM'dent or tlie Seeretaiy of the Navy may de-ire in onne,'tion uafh the pio-iess of the court. Tho eidistinent of men f,,r the Naal serviee i. pn-resNin- sa I i-f.i ( ori ly at the Washington Navy Yard, and a oo, i l.!,s of men is iH-in' obtained. Lieutenant Cdweil. Naval Aitaehe u the Fnited States Embassy at K.tidon. has been directed by the Navy Depart ment to lii-re upon the builders of the recently purchased cruiser Albany, formerly the Rrazilia n vessel Abreuall. the neeesisty to hasten the eon! i inl ioii tlw oidinary course of work the vessel W ould not be completed before ii t I le cciubrr, but il is Iwlieved by ollicials of the. Navy Departnieiit that, if tin builders me placed under pressure she an be made n ady for sea within three months, and jK-rhops even in a lithe h ss time. Orders have been issued deMVnatin' Captain Sampson as Commander in Chief of th,. North Atlantic station. Admiral Si card was detaciicd from command of the squadron ami allowed six months leave by orders issued to day. The effect of this six mouths leave is practically to close Admiral Sieard's activ-- service, in the Navy. 'I 'he te eiiue cut tej-s which w ill be or dered into service and their present sta tions are: The Wo.Mlhnry. at Portland. Maine: Hamilton. Philadelphia: Hudson. New- York: Manning. Roston: Calumet. Chicago: Givsham, Milwaukee: Morrow. Wilmington, N. C: and Dimlom, Ral timore. The vessels will rendezvous a( Norfolk. Washington, D. C., March The Court of Inquiry appointed to investigate the cause of the Main" disaster has re ported that the loss oT the battle ship was due to an outride explosion. The State Department, by direction of the President, has called United State Minister Woodford at Madrid to notify Cue Spanish ovorinnent of this eonclu- Tin- President and cabinet advisors h- ! 1 two extended sessions to-day, one. :t ;1. m. and another at JLMO p. m. 'it wliieh the relent was eonsidernl in d ;.ii. Members of tin? Cabinet stated iii'tr tin- meeting that the discussion was of -rave character and that never yJ " iN- C. 1h VvV-'-l i ' 'rift- .. W W..M':: .'.- U ''. - Jl!, , :::; 1 'll.i.b: vm hi:. . t THE MONTGOMERY AND COMMANDER CONVERSE. The cruiser sent to replace thf lost Maine in IlavuiiH harbor is 2."7 feet long: find rarris t wo (i-incli, eir;ht. ."-inch and ten smaller imn. Commander George A. Con verse entered the navy in 18bl and is u torpedo expert. THE COLT RAPID FIRE GUNS. Each of the six-millimetre, rapid tire, automatic puns which hare been sent in th navy yardn of late is calculated to be equal in destructive potentiality to a regiment of infantry. TIir guns, which are made by the Colt company, are of recent, inven tion. The government began to buy them about two years ago, and already it, has fifty or more of them ready for use. They may be used either at sa or on land. Mounts for both purposes accompany eacli gnu. The guns are about three feet long: and about eight inches in diameter. The bore is only ,'J3u' of an inch. Mii c the wrecking of the Maine has tin situation seemed so critical. The Spanish government ihas cabled officially to Washington that tin' Span ish Naval ConmiVsion holds the disaster to the Maine to be of inlernal origin. The government of Spain, it ran be sta ted positively, is not dispssed to turn back the torjtedo Flotilla now proceed ing from the Canaries and would be dis inclined to consider a suggestion from this government lending to Interfere with the disposition by Spain of her own Naval force. War preparation on an unprecedented scale is being hurried to completion by 1he War and Navy Department, and ihe country particular is on a war loot ing. The foregoing gives the record of one of the most eventful days the national capital Ii;is seen since the ch;se of the civil war. It was a day of profoundly important action of the deepest anxiety ! coupled with Naval and Military aclivi-i t.v, one step following nnother in rapid . Miciession. Repre.senttttive men of the administration. public men in all branches of official and Congressional life, no hs than the public in general shared in the tension to which the sit uation has been wrought. There was no e'Tort among the highest officials, nor indeed was it possible from what was Court of inquiry was the nnast vital fea ture. Commander Marix, Judge Advo cate of the Court of Inquiry, delivered the report, to Secretary Long early this morning, ami shortly after it was carried to the White House and placed in the hands of the President. At 10:o0 the Cabinet assembled, half an hour earlier than usual, and began the consideration of the momentous document. Even the rigid rulers of secrecy which prevailed at Cabinet meetings were made doubly strict in this case, and no intimation of the results reached by the Court were known until 1! o'clock when an Associa ted Press bulletin gave the in formal ion to the country, as well as the eagerly! waiting officials throughout Washing ton. Titers e results, hr icily stated, are that the loss of the Maine was due to an explosion from the outside, the court be ing unable to lix the responsibility for the explosion. The court does not ex press an opinion as to the character of the explosion, but tlu? testimony goers to show that it was a powerful sub-marine mine, tho exact character of which is not determined 'by th?s testimony, though the belief was expressed that it was a floating sub-marine mine. There were 1 wo explosions the court finds, the lirst from the outside, and that set off one of the smaller magazines. It was -this result, expressed in detail and with tin' precision, of it court deoply conscious of its respoi;s ibility. together ting this Heel was urgl by the highest Naval authorities. Fivm the sta'id-povnt of the Spanish g e. i-'ini ur. this move ment was not a menace The Spanish government h ;lds taat the extensive ar mament of the Dry Tortugas is a more direct ho-file act a;ai:ist Spain than any movement of the ll u!la. Instead of stopping the tloiill.i. ;!h present et titude of Sprain tends toward re inforc ing it with other Spanish war vessels not as a menace' but, from what the Spauish government feels, is r. i oouin ;nent caTkd for by the existing condition of affairs. Hardly less s5.rgear:ve than tne ap proach of the torpedo tlotili'i, was ihe information received to-day by the mili tary authorities Unit the Spanish gov ernment had hurried to completion ex pensive fortifications on the island of Porto d'ieo lying just off Cuba and the only Spanish 'possesion In tins hemis phere other than Cuba. The ex.vt char acter of these new" defenses j: is Veen made known her' and they are being given weight wita the military authori ties as showing the disposition of Spain. The orders issued by the Navy Depart ment, during the day covered every branch of Naval armament. Tho "Flying Squadron" was definitely es tablished, with Commodore W. S. Schley in command. lie will hoist hus commodore Hag on the flagship Rrook lyn tcxf. Monday. The squadron is No consist of exactly five ships. Those of vius; torpedo boats, Foote, Dupv.it Ericsson, Porter, Winslevv; tags. Ley den and Sanioset." "The following vessels compose 'be Flying Squadron: "The Brooklyn. Massachusetts. Texas, Minneapolis and Col'-Lnhi'i." Some of the other important devel opments of the lay may be sunmiarb ed as follows: Requisitions were made en ;the Naval Ordnatu-e JSnr:au for a large number of quick fire foun -.-pounder and six-poundor guns Jo be mounted on the revenue cutters ami th ste.tm yachts about to be purchased. The buieau de termined to use the q.it -ic h're guns for those craft which had been ovig'nally intended for the Atlantic liners St. Paid and St. Louis. Captain liradfor I, Che 1 of Naval equipment, completed plans for securing a Naval coaling- station m waters south of Cuba, and the paper are now ready for linal action. The station -will n.it bo on X.tv.'ss;i island, as lias keen suggested. h:t is likely to bo at one of tho several line harbors of Ilayti or San Dcnvingo or else oi: the Danish island of St. Th unas. which is open to prchase from Denmark for a considerable sum. Late to-day the bat tleship Texa:s was ordered from Hamp ton Roads to the New York Navy Yard to repair her machinery for hoisting ammmiition and" guirs. Favorable an swers were recoivod from tho New York Naval Militia of their readiness on short niensioiis of the new 'boat could not be given, j ae price paid for her the Navy officials declined at this time to state but it was said to be very reasonable. Work on the vessel lias just bveii com pleted, she never having been in service. She is supposed to carry three toriedo tubes and two Mnall calibre rapid fire guns. Nine to tvvleve men will be need ed to man her. Word reach'.l the Navy Department office to-day that the Spanish authorities have taken steps to foippleinent the ex isting forth. cations at San Juan De Puerto Rico, the main port of the island of Porto Rico. The news i regarded as significant. Porto Rico is the only other postsessiou which belongs to Spain on th:s lK'iiiispIiere beside Cuba. The offi cials of the department while acknowl edging that information of the above character ha reached them are yet very chary about imparting any of the details to tho press. The city of Puerto Pico is fortified after the old style prevalent in early days, the defences consisting of a wall which completely circles it. of several fort at strategic points, while the only points of egress and ingress are through massive gates. These fortifica tions are being strengthened and the armament has been increased by two large guns of formidable pattern and calibre. San Juan has 2:1,114 inhabi tants. ' General Flagler, Chief of Ordnance of EXCITEMENT AT KEY WEST. Fni'ed States Officer Will lie Taken From Ila vana at )nce. Key Wst, Fia., March .". The Asso ciated Press bulletin tliaf the t'nirt of Inquiry had found the Maine was blown "P by a sub-marine mine created in tcse excitement here. The most significant development that followed the announcement of t he conn's report --a development known to but few Win- the sudden sailing of the lighthouse tender Mangrove for Ha vana. The Mamrrove was lying quietly at the dock, loading buoys, when orders came about o'clock this afternoon for her to proceed with all haste to Havana and to take on board all American offi cials in that city with the exemption of Consul General Ia v. It is lV;:rcd here that tie kiiowlege t the courts report has excited Havana's population, and brought the nuti-Amer-can isenl iuient to a clima. Officers of hih rank were still reticent. I'ear Admiral Shard, however, said: "The Court of Inquiry hroug'ht in the findings according to what its members believed. Nothing could have made them do otherwise. If they had fxn-ii able to lix the rcsjMMisibility I fee) sure they would not have shirked this duty." The attention of Lear Admiral Sieard was drawn to the fact that Spain had officia'y denied that Havana harbor w;-!'S niin ' L He replied: "If Havana 'harbor were 111111:" I houM "Certainly have mined it. Th wafer there is especially suitable to such .1 method of defense. Spain's denial had nothing to do with the Court of Inquiry. I should not believe a statement tint Havana hariir was not mined. The court has not yet. been dissolved. It is barely possible that more work may be leuquired of it: but this is not probable. "The Court :f Inquiry is composed of splendid infii. I 21m greatly satisfb-d with their work. I hardly isiippo.-e much excitement will be caiwd ,y the an nouncement of the verdict, as I am under the inquesi.son that 111 per cent, of our own p"opie were already convinced that the Maine was blown up externally; and I scarcely believe their ideas would have changed, even if the court had re porJed ot herwise." When the jNsjbiIity of arbitration. and ihe ensuing entanglement were tsu gtsiod to him. Hear Admiral Sica said : '"The Maine case is nothing in com parison with the Alabama claims Then we were opposed to a povverfn commercial rival: but now we are deal ing with Spain." 1 id TEXAS SAILS SUDDENLY. Newport News, Yn.. March -. The battleship Texas sailed suddenly this afternoon wl.cn only a few ton-s of coal had been taken aboard. A barge load of fuel was refused and the ship pat to sea in a hurry. It is understood that she has gone to the Lrooklyu Navy Ya rd.