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Volume XVI. RALEIGH, N. C, TUESDAY, APRIL 26, 1898. Number 33. ;"Ll4?. AND VICINITY j i I " I I -?:4,MlvCRM OA i 11 a T I OR O O C I 'I ' ' i Cb- anto DowmccTl Hfe $ jl I 5C pairs ' W 7$? ' 6- to) T Success as a Defective Thomas Barnes, Ex -Chief of the New York Police, Tells How it is Gained. ''To boi-onio :i successful detective n vi.uiitr in:in uuisl Imve, iirst of nil, n:it- tif.il .-int it ule; then, jileniy of hr.-iius, :iii1 hist. Imt f:ir from h-ist, :in iilinost int'xhaust ille fiunl of iersever:ince. Witliout of these iu;ililie;itioiis he i!;iy irrow to he n s:itisf:ietory, or even excellent jtoli.-einnn, hut he :in never hi to he a successful detector of crime." Such "vvms the dictum of Thomas l.rynes, ex- hicf of tlie New York police, himself, iierh:is, the most-i-enovned -'delect ivc of the generation. The fatuous ev-i,i,.j"t alihoujrh retired from public life, has never abandoned his life-lonu jiursiiit. and from his new offices at ltroadway and John street. New York, he looks out to-day on the identical spot whereon, IN years airo, he drew his fa mous '"dead line" and said to the crim inals of America: "I'.eyond this corner you shall not pass." "If :i man is cut out for detective work," continued Mr. F.yrnes, relied ivo ly, "the f.-ict will manifest itself at an early a?e. I don't mean that every youtur fellow who so.iks his mind in so called 'detective' literature is a pre ordained detective. Unite, the reverse. Nothing is so harmful to a jrood career in my chosen profession ;is an acquaint ance with trashy works of this character. "1 remember that, when I was a lad. my mental tendencies ran toward inves tigation. Although I didn't know it ar iho lime. th:il w:is :i irood siirn for my future success. For instance, the ejrs of a neighbor of ours were found smashed and destroyed at. irregular but fre.pient intervals. The jrood people of iiie district w'r tlivided as to whether -pilelul iwquaintances or the hens them selves were in the habit of doinij the -mashing. Now, I knew very w-ll that the owners of those c.uirs were simple, honest folk, without any enemies; and 1 alo felt sure thai, allhoutrh one or even i ao of tin- hens mi-ht be unnatural parents, the entire feathered population r that henhouse would not be likely to l.-velop :i mania for ops destruction. "The puzzle bothered me, and for two nights i selpt in the loft, overlooking 'tie henhouse, on the lookout for a so-iaii'-n. The solution came, loo. Late "ii the second niiiht a red Irish setter !' our own jumped in through the open v. indow and Lro-eeded to amuse himself I'.v chasinir the hens hither and thither, n the same time crushing all the new 1 iid ejrs which happened to be beneath hi paws. I collared the culprit in short ' i-icr, and. ever afterward the henhouse v. imlow was boarded up. That was my ;,i ! pieec of detective work. "As to a practical way by which to 'att noon a detective career I am some-v-iiat in doubt. Perhaps the real truth : that there is no royal road. 1 myself 1 'an as an ordinary police patrolman ' ii December in, lS:c-,. but it is a moot Miesiioii whether routine patrol work has advantages. In one sense it is a de ,:'iiient. in another :i benefit. The man uniform has little chance of ettinto ; ii'.v criminals :i particularly useful )'osessi,,n for the iletective. His brass '""tons are a warnimr si;rn and all the loeves, bunco men and the like rive iiiiu a wide berth. On the other hand. 'I"' Patrolman's life jives a young man ':it'its of discipline and obedience. Then a lucky chance may rive a patrol ":iu the opportunity of showing certain talonts which wiil vrin him a place on , s was ommuiii at once crits crimin sa a ic ap- ENTRANCE TO HAVANA HARBOR ITbia illustration thowa the fanioaa Morro Ostle to the right and tL projecting zirt IjA I'uita, on the left, vrhure a sclitarj grra point3 meLaaciiigiy tcreurd incoming a:;d outyciu slilpa. the regular detective force. During my incumbency of the detective force, chief- hip it was my habit to keep a sharp lookout for promising young patrolmen. If 1 learned of any such I sent for them .i ... 1 1 TV - ami gave mem a mourns irnu. joiring the month they had the power and the time to show the sort of stuff they were made of. T believe the same custom is in vogue in the police bodies of all big American and Kuropean cities. Ii;Ti:('TI YE blTHKATl UH NOT ACCntATE. "Put let. me caution the intending de tective to keep away from all fiction professing to describe the pursuit. Even the better class of literature of this kind is harmful, because it is untrue. Take Tonaii Doyle's 'Sherlock Holmes.' To a practical detective it is absurd from start to finish. The young man who fancies he could make himself a detective by diligent study of vorks such as Uiose of Doyle, (Jaboriau or Dn p.oisgoby, is grievously mistaken. 'The proper study of mankind is man.' The proper studies of the detective are crim inals and crime. "Amateur 'sleuthing' is somewhat dan gerous, but if the amateur be a brainy and discreet youngster, he may pick up many points in this way, and eventually work himself into a successful position. I would not advise a beginning in the of fices of minor private 'detective agencies. kStich 'agencies' are frequently of a most shady character, and. before he knows if, the young aspirant may find himself classed by the police as the associate of a criminal catcher. "An instance of this has just occurred fo me. Not long ago there was an 'off color' private detective agency doing business in New York. A youlh from the -country joined it. confident that he was going to make his reputation therebv. A few days afterward he was sent out on a mission, which was noth ing less than a scheme of bla kmailing. He Mas not a slpid youth. and he paused awhile. That pause av.ms his salvation. In the meantime the duels of that nrecious 'private detective agencv' were arrested, and two of them are now serving 14-year sentences for felony. The lucky young man from the country blessed his stars and has since joined the police force. 1 1 is was a nar row escape. "Do not understand me as condemn ing tin4 bona lide detective agencies. Some of them are no doubt good school for the young delve! ivo; although, as a rule, they prefer old and experienced men in their ranks. "Supposing the young man to have gotten his first start, either in the po lice or in a first-class private agency, he must then make up his mind that hard work and plenty of it lies before him. That is where ihe requisite of patience comes in. "It's dogged as does it" with, the defective. No matter how bright the young man is. no matter what sort of genius he has for nicking up clews and doing the fine work of the profession, if his nature is one of those easily daunted by temporary setbacks, then he had better get out of detective work at once. The "easy things" don't count the jolts which any merely clev er man may accomplish without ex cessive labor. It is the hard case which wins the lasting reward, and shows the sterling quality of the young detective. "Yon must excuse me bringing up my own career, but you see, I know it best, and can more readily select proofs and evidences of what 1 am striving to teil t n from events in which 1 took person al part. On dozens of different occa sions when balked in a given direction. I have forced myself to go back over the ground again and yet again, until finally, after many such endeavors. t reached the goal I was in search of. Profesional criminals are resourceful beings. They have to be. indeed: or else they could not thrive even for a brief soace of time. Naturally they manage j to throw plenty of obstacles in the way of the pursuing defective. He must ex pect these obstacles; and if he cannot surmount them, he must find a means of getting around them. SOEYINO A PUZZLE IN MUKDEU. "As an example, let me give you one of the many embarrassing murder cases which I have successfully coped with. On Nov. L INS.", Antonio Solon, a Chinar man. Avhose real name was Ching Dug.. was brutally murdered and mutilated' m his little restaurant at the corner of Wooster and Spring sts, New York. The murder had been done with the restau rant keeper's own knife; and the most protracted search of the place revealed no clews as to the murderer's identity. "Soloa, or Ohing Ong, had lived many years in Puba. where he exchanged his Chinese patronymic for a Spanish one, and learned to speak not only Spanish, but also a little French and Italian. In New York he set up a tiny basement restaurant, and throve in a modest way. "It was an exceptionally puzzling case. At first I fancied that the push cart peddler Daly, who first discovered the dead body. might have been the murdcre7 Put one Coughlin, a resi dent of Wooster street, had seen Daly fiom the time he entered the street to the time he ran wildly up the Chinaman's stairs with the news that Antonio Soloa had been killed. Coughlin's evidence cleared Daly. I was disappointed, but T started off on a new tack. The mu tilations which had been inflicted upon the body were suggestive of the bar barous east. 'At once the idea occurred to me that the ugly work had been done by highbinders. The peculiar quiet with which the crime had been carried out also pointed towards a concerted plot of the dead man's treacherous fellow Mongols. I went around among the dif ferent Chinese haunts, and had all the trains leaving town watched for sus-. picious Chinamen. Put try as 1 would; I could not fasten the guilt upon any j of Solon's countrymen. Many of them i came to his restaurant: but not a single Chinaman had been seen in the neigh borhood on the day of the killing. "Next I sought zealously among So lon's Cuban customers, but here, for a time at least, my ellorts were equality, fruitless. I did not despair. Once more j I began at the beginning made a thor- ough research of the little underground restaurant and instituted minute in quiries as to the identity of every per son who .passed along Wooster and Spring streets on the day of the mur der. "At last I made a discovery. Some children nlavimr at the next corner hadj seen a boy pass by the restaurant door at about the time, according to medical evidence, of the killing. I went after that boy with all my energies. All the shops in the neighboorhood, all the. fac tories and most of the private -houses were inquired at, until, in the long-run, I located the min-h-desired lad. He turned out to be a nervous, timorou." child. (Jeorge Mainz by name, office boy to William Schinnefg bamtcemtmtm boy to William Schiniper. a nickel pla ter. "For some time neither Air. Schimper nor myself could get much out of (Jeorge. Put finally he broke down ami confessed ail he knew. Sure enough, a. he had passed the (orner of Woostei and Spring streets that day. he had seen a little man answering the description of Soloa quarrelling with a tall, strong mulalto. The mulatto had a knife in his hand, and Oeorge had seen him stick the knife into the other's breast. Then both disappeared down the stairs, and the boy. terribly frightened, ran away. He did not tell his employer, bee,-, use he was afraid, that the mulatto would pur sue and kill him. "Asked if there Mas anything re markable about the mulatto besides his color, the office boy replied that lie had a terrible sear on his left cheek.' "With this information I once more turned my attention to the Cuban pa trons of Soloa. After weeks of seeking. I found out the identity of the man with the scar. lie was a Cuban negro named Augusto Ilehella. and a member of tin- secret society known as the 'Niazzas.' A photograph of the 'Niazzas' had been taken, ami of this I secured a copy. (Jeorge Mainz went over the faces one by one. and at last discovered and iden tified that of Pebela. "Kebola's comrades in the secret so ciety did al they could to shield him: but evontualy the murder was brought home to him. At Los Dos Amiga s cigar factory, in Washington street win-re he worked. I found that on November he had only made P cigars, whereas his average daily output had always been L'bO. Moreover, he was known as a reg ular patron of Antonio Soloa: and Oeorge Mainz identified him on the stand as the man he had seen stabbing the China man. A DETEOTIYE MUST PE FEAR LESS. "A detective must not know fear. He must be prepared to go into any and every 'dive,' no matter how unsav ory, at the call of duty. That he risks his life 20 times a day must cut little figure with him. Let him remember tha he does so in the public, service, and that, unless he does so. he is no true defec tive. "I knew of a little police oMicer in Pittsburg, Penn. His name is John MeTighe. lie is of slender build, find little more than 1 feet 11 in height. Put he has the daring of a wildcat. Some years ago MeTighe saw two sus picious looking persons on Sinilhtield street in the iron city, lie pursued them .unostentatiously throughout the day. and al length saw them enter a bank, present a check and emerge with fund. MeTighe watched them until ihej- enter ed a near by saloon. Then he went in to a drug store across the way. whence he could keep an eye on the saloon door, and called up Poger U'Mnra. then chief of detectives in Pittsburg. UWlara sent to the bank, and a closer investi gation developed the fad that the check presented bv the two men was a lever forgery. This ne en led to MeTighe, win the street to arrest tin "lie md llicni coming out of the loon. They were both big, powerful men. bul MeTighe was undaunted. Without a word he tipped up the fore most Jel.'oW. SO that he tumbled f forward across the floor. Then he h ed at the next man's throat, and by sheer force of surprise bore him over. Meanwhile criminal No. 1 had drawn a revolver. MeTighe dexterously kicked i! out of his hand, and planted a stun ning upper cut at the ha-,. ,f J,; , j,;,, Criminal No. '' was by this time on his feet, ami he went for MeTighe tooth am! nail. Put the gallant little detective held on to the fellow's collar, despite the blows which were showered Upon him. while he planted himself firmly astride of the prostrate member of the partnership. He had no means of blowing his police whistle but. fortunate ly for him. the frond which had col lected attracted a passing policeman. who hastened to the spot. At first otliccr did not recognize MeTighe. i bruised and battered was he, but a ! words put him in possession of the fact i and he lent a hand in arresting , criminals. MeTighe had to go to i hospital, but he had the comfort i knowing that he had done his dutv la little man. To the young detective I would say: T.c ready to do as Mi I Tighe did when called upon, and don't , wait until you have to be told your i course of action, either." "The young detective. to be really i successful, must be an all-round man. Specialists are useful, indeed :but once a specialist always a speeiaist in the defective business. It is the all-around man that rises. "It is a sine qua mm that the aspirant must have a retentive memory for faces. As soon as possible he ought to iK-gin studying the criminals he comes across and the portraits in the rogues' gallery. Py that means' he will soon be able tu spot a suspicions customer on sight. When he sees such a person he ought to keep an eye on him. I don't mean by this that a genuinely reformed crim inal should be dogged wherever he goes; but simply that a suspected per son, acting suspiciously, ought to be watched. That 'prevention is better than cure has ever been a pet maxim of mine, and by following doubtful characters defectives may prevent crime. "Strict attention to business, implicit obedience and absolute temperance these too. the young detective must pos sess, if he would excel. "From what I have said ami from the requirements I have laid down as nec essary, you will see that not one young man in PM has reason to seriously con sider entering the detective firdd. To that one young man. however, 1 trust that my words may he of use aid interest." the vo few the lik.