RALEIGH, N. C, TUESDAY, APRIL 26, 1898.
;"Ll4?. AND VICINITY j
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Success as a Defective
Thomas Barnes, Ex -Chief of the New York
Police, Tells How it is Gained.
''To boi-onio :i successful detective n
vi.uiitr in:in uuisl Imve, iirst of nil, n:it-
tif.il .-int it ule; then, jileniy of hr.-iius,
:iii1 hist. Imt f:ir from h-ist, :in iilinost
int'xhaust ille fiunl of iersever:ince.
Witliout of these iu;ililie;itioiis he
i!;iy irrow to he n s:itisf:ietory, or even
excellent jtoli.-einnn, hut he :in never
hi to he a successful detector of
Such "vvms the dictum of Thomas
l.rynes, ex- hicf of tlie New York police,
himself, iierh:is, the most-i-enovned -'delect
ivc of the generation. The fatuous
ev-i,i,.j"t alihoujrh retired from public
life, has never abandoned his life-lonu
jiursiiit. and from his new offices at
ltroadway and John street. New York,
he looks out to-day on the identical spot
whereon, IN years airo, he drew his fa
mous '"dead line" and said to the crim
inals of America: "I'.eyond this corner
you shall not pass."
"If :i man is cut out for detective
work," continued Mr. F.yrnes, relied ivo
ly, "the f.-ict will manifest itself at an
early a?e. I don't mean that every
youtur fellow who so.iks his mind in so
called 'detective' literature is a pre
ordained detective. Unite, the reverse.
Nothing is so harmful to a jrood career
in my chosen profession ;is an acquaint
ance with trashy works of this character.
"1 remember that, when I was a lad.
my mental tendencies ran toward inves
tigation. Although I didn't know it ar
iho lime. th:il w:is :i irood siirn for my
future success. For instance, the ejrs
of a neighbor of ours were found
smashed and destroyed at. irregular but
fre.pient intervals. The jrood people of
iiie district w'r tlivided as to whether
-pilelul iwquaintances or the hens them
selves were in the habit of doinij the
-mashing. Now, I knew very w-ll that
the owners of those c.uirs were simple,
honest folk, without any enemies; and 1
alo felt sure thai, allhoutrh one or even
i ao of tin- hens mi-ht be unnatural
parents, the entire feathered population
r that henhouse would not be likely to
l.-velop :i mania for ops destruction.
"The puzzle bothered me, and for two
nights i selpt in the loft, overlooking
'tie henhouse, on the lookout for a so-iaii'-n.
The solution came, loo. Late
"ii the second niiiht a red Irish setter
!' our own jumped in through the open
v. indow and Lro-eeded to amuse himself
I'.v chasinir the hens hither and thither,
n the same time crushing all the new
1 iid ejrs which happened to be beneath
hi paws. I collared the culprit in short
' i-icr, and. ever afterward the henhouse
v. imlow was boarded up. That was my
;,i ! pieec of detective work.
"As to a practical way by which to
'att noon a detective career I am some-v-iiat
in doubt. Perhaps the real truth
: that there is no royal road. 1 myself
1 'an as an ordinary police patrolman
' ii December in, lS:c-,. but it is a moot
Miesiioii whether routine patrol work has
advantages. In one sense it is a de
,:'iiient. in another :i benefit. The man
uniform has little chance of ettinto
; ii'.v criminals :i particularly useful
)'osessi,,n for the iletective. His brass
'""tons are a warnimr si;rn and all the
loeves, bunco men and the like rive
iiiiu a wide berth. On the other hand.
'I"' Patrolman's life jives a young man
':it'its of discipline and obedience. Then
a lucky chance may rive a patrol
":iu the opportunity of showing certain
talonts which wiil vrin him a place on
, s was ommuiii
at once crits
ENTRANCE TO HAVANA HARBOR
ITbia illustration thowa the fanioaa Morro Ostle to the right and tL projecting zirt IjA I'uita, on the left, vrhure a sclitarj grra point3 meLaaciiigiy tcreurd incoming a:;d outyciu slilpa.
the regular detective force. During my
incumbency of the detective force, chief-
hip it was my habit to keep a sharp
lookout for promising young patrolmen.
If 1 learned of any such I sent for them
.i ... 1 1 TV -
ami gave mem a mourns irnu. joiring
the month they had the power and the
time to show the sort of stuff they were
made of. T believe the same custom is
in vogue in the police bodies of all big
American and Kuropean cities.
Ii;Ti:('TI YE blTHKATl UH NOT
"Put let. me caution the intending de
tective to keep away from all fiction
professing to describe the pursuit. Even
the better class of literature of this
kind is harmful, because it is untrue.
Take Tonaii Doyle's 'Sherlock Holmes.'
To a practical detective it is absurd
from start to finish. The young man
who fancies he could make himself a
detective by diligent study of vorks
such as Uiose of Doyle, (Jaboriau or Dn
p.oisgoby, is grievously mistaken. 'The
proper study of mankind is man.' The
proper studies of the detective are crim
inals and crime.
"Amateur 'sleuthing' is somewhat dan
gerous, but if the amateur be a brainy
and discreet youngster, he may pick up
many points in this way, and eventually
work himself into a successful position.
I would not advise a beginning in the of
fices of minor private 'detective agencies.
kStich 'agencies' are frequently of a most
shady character, and. before he knows
if, the young aspirant may find himself
classed by the police as the associate of
a criminal catcher.
"An instance of this has just occurred
fo me. Not long ago there was an 'off
color' private detective agency doing
business in New York. A youlh from
the -country joined it. confident that he
was going to make his reputation
therebv. A few days afterward he was
sent out on a mission, which was noth
ing less than a scheme of bla kmailing.
He Mas not a slpid youth. and he
paused awhile. That pause av.ms his
salvation. In the meantime the duels
of that nrecious 'private detective
agencv' were arrested, and two of them
are now serving 14-year sentences for
felony. The lucky young man from the
country blessed his stars and has since
joined the police force. 1 1 is was a nar
"Do not understand me as condemn
ing tin4 bona lide detective agencies.
Some of them are no doubt good school
for the young delve! ivo; although, as a
rule, they prefer old and experienced
men in their ranks.
"Supposing the young man to have
gotten his first start, either in the po
lice or in a first-class private agency,
he must then make up his mind that
hard work and plenty of it lies before
him. That is where ihe requisite of
patience comes in. "It's dogged as does
it" with, the defective. No matter how
bright the young man is. no matter
what sort of genius he has for nicking
up clews and doing the fine work of the
profession, if his nature is one of those
easily daunted by temporary setbacks,
then he had better get out of detective
work at once. The "easy things" don't
count the jolts which any merely clev
er man may accomplish without ex
cessive labor. It is the hard case which
wins the lasting reward, and shows the
sterling quality of the young detective.
"Yon must excuse me bringing up my
own career, but you see, I know it best,
and can more readily select proofs and
evidences of what 1 am striving to teil
t n from events in which 1 took person
al part. On dozens of different occa
sions when balked in a given direction.
I have forced myself to go back over
the ground again and yet again, until
finally, after many such endeavors. t
reached the goal I was in search of.
Profesional criminals are resourceful
beings. They have to be. indeed: or else
they could not thrive even for a brief
soace of time. Naturally they manage j
to throw plenty of obstacles in the way
of the pursuing defective. He must ex
pect these obstacles; and if he cannot
surmount them, he must find a means
of getting around them.
SOEYINO A PUZZLE IN MUKDEU.
"As an example, let me give you one
of the many embarrassing murder cases
which I have successfully coped with.
On Nov. L INS.", Antonio Solon, a Chinar
man. Avhose real name was Ching Dug..
was brutally murdered and mutilated' m
his little restaurant at the corner of
Wooster and Spring sts, New York. The
murder had been done with the restau
rant keeper's own knife; and the most
protracted search of the place revealed
no clews as to the murderer's identity.
"Soloa, or Ohing Ong, had lived many
years in Puba. where he exchanged his
Chinese patronymic for a Spanish one,
and learned to speak not only Spanish,
but also a little French and Italian. In
New York he set up a tiny basement
restaurant, and throve in a modest way.
"It was an exceptionally puzzling
case. At first I fancied that the push
cart peddler Daly, who first discovered
the dead body. might have been the
murdcre7 Put one Coughlin, a resi
dent of Wooster street, had seen Daly
fiom the time he entered the street to
the time he ran wildly up the Chinaman's
stairs with the news that Antonio Soloa
had been killed. Coughlin's evidence
cleared Daly. I was disappointed, but
T started off on a new tack. The mu
tilations which had been inflicted upon
the body were suggestive of the bar
barous east. 'At once the idea occurred
to me that the ugly work had been done
by highbinders. The peculiar quiet with
which the crime had been carried out
also pointed towards a concerted plot
of the dead man's treacherous fellow
Mongols. I went around among the dif
ferent Chinese haunts, and had all the
trains leaving town watched for sus-.
picious Chinamen. Put try as 1 would;
I could not fasten the guilt upon any j
of Solon's countrymen. Many of them i
came to his restaurant: but not a single
Chinaman had been seen in the neigh
borhood on the day of the killing.
"Next I sought zealously among So
lon's Cuban customers, but here, for
a time at least, my ellorts were equality,
fruitless. I did not despair. Once more j
I began at the beginning made a thor-
ough research of the little underground
restaurant and instituted minute in
quiries as to the identity of every per
son who .passed along Wooster and
Spring streets on the day of the mur
der. "At last I made a discovery. Some
children nlavimr at the next corner hadj
seen a boy pass by the restaurant door
at about the time, according to medical
evidence, of the killing. I went after
that boy with all my energies. All the
shops in the neighboorhood, all the. fac
tories and most of the private -houses
were inquired at, until, in the long-run,
I located the min-h-desired lad. He
turned out to be a nervous, timorou."
child. (Jeorge Mainz by name, office
boy to William Schinnefg bamtcemtmtm
boy to William Schiniper. a nickel pla
ter. "For some time neither Air. Schimper
nor myself could get much out of
(Jeorge. Put finally he broke down ami
confessed ail he knew. Sure enough, a.
he had passed the (orner of Woostei
and Spring streets that day. he had seen
a little man answering the description of
Soloa quarrelling with a tall, strong
mulalto. The mulatto had a knife in
his hand, and Oeorge had seen him stick
the knife into the other's breast. Then
both disappeared down the stairs, and
the boy. terribly frightened, ran away.
He did not tell his employer, bee,-, use he
was afraid, that the mulatto would pur
sue and kill him.
"Asked if there Mas anything re
markable about the mulatto besides his
color, the office boy replied that lie had
a terrible sear on his left cheek.'
"With this information I once more
turned my attention to the Cuban pa
trons of Soloa. After weeks of seeking.
I found out the identity of the man with
the scar. lie was a Cuban negro named
Augusto Ilehella. and a member of tin-
secret society known as the 'Niazzas.'
A photograph of the 'Niazzas' had been
taken, ami of this I secured a copy.
(Jeorge Mainz went over the faces one
by one. and at last discovered and iden
tified that of Pebela.
"Kebola's comrades in the secret so
ciety did al they could to shield him:
but evontualy the murder was brought
home to him. At Los Dos Amiga s cigar
factory, in Washington street win-re he
worked. I found that on November
he had only made P cigars, whereas
his average daily output had always been
L'bO. Moreover, he was known as a reg
ular patron of Antonio Soloa: and Oeorge
Mainz identified him on the stand as the
man he had seen stabbing the China
man. A DETEOTIYE MUST PE FEAR
LESS. "A detective must not know fear.
He must be prepared to go into any
and every 'dive,' no matter how unsav
ory, at the call of duty. That he risks
his life 20 times a day must cut little
figure with him. Let him remember tha
he does so in the public, service, and that,
unless he does so. he is no true defec
tive. "I knew of a little police oMicer in
Pittsburg, Penn. His name is John
MeTighe. lie is of slender build, find
little more than 1 feet 11 in height.
Put he has the daring of a wildcat.
Some years ago MeTighe saw two sus
picious looking persons on Sinilhtield
street in the iron city, lie pursued them
.unostentatiously throughout the day.
and al length saw them enter a bank,
present a check and emerge with fund.
MeTighe watched them until ihej- enter
ed a near by saloon. Then he went in
to a drug store across the way. whence
he could keep an eye on the saloon
door, and called up Poger U'Mnra. then
chief of detectives in Pittsburg. UWlara
sent to the bank, and a closer investi
gation developed the fad that the
check presented bv the two men was a
lever forgery. This ne
en led to MeTighe, win
the street to arrest tin
"lie md llicni coming out of the
loon. They were both big, powerful
men. bul MeTighe was undaunted.
Without a word he tipped up the fore
most Jel.'oW. SO that he tumbled f
forward across the floor. Then he h
ed at the next man's throat, and by
sheer force of surprise bore him over.
Meanwhile criminal No. 1 had drawn a
revolver. MeTighe dexterously kicked
i! out of his hand, and planted a stun
ning upper cut at the ha-,. ,f J,; , j,;,,
Criminal No. '' was by this time on his
feet, ami he went for MeTighe tooth am!
nail. Put the gallant little detective
held on to the fellow's collar, despite
the blows which were showered Upon
him. while he planted himself firmly
astride of the prostrate member of the
partnership. He had no means of
blowing his police whistle but. fortunate
ly for him. the frond which had col
lected attracted a passing policeman.
who hastened to the spot. At first
otliccr did not recognize MeTighe.
i bruised and battered was he, but a
! words put him in possession of the fact
i and he lent a hand in arresting
, criminals. MeTighe had to go to
i hospital, but he had the comfort
i knowing that he had done his dutv
la little man. To the young detective
I would say: T.c ready to do as Mi
I Tighe did when called upon, and don't
, wait until you have to be told your
i course of action, either."
"The young detective. to be really
i successful, must be an all-round man.
Specialists are useful, indeed :but once
a specialist always a speeiaist in the
defective business. It is the all-around
man that rises.
"It is a sine qua mm that the aspirant
must have a retentive memory for faces.
As soon as possible he ought to iK-gin
studying the criminals he comes across
and the portraits in the rogues' gallery.
Py that means' he will soon be able tu
spot a suspicions customer on sight.
When he sees such a person he ought
to keep an eye on him. I don't mean
by this that a genuinely reformed crim
inal should be dogged wherever he
goes; but simply that a suspected per
son, acting suspiciously, ought to be
watched. That 'prevention is better
than cure has ever been a pet maxim
of mine, and by following doubtful
characters defectives may prevent
"Strict attention to business, implicit
obedience and absolute temperance
these too. the young detective must pos
sess, if he would excel.
"From what I have said ami from the
requirements I have laid down as nec
essary, you will see that not one young
man in PM has reason to seriously con
sider entering the detective firdd. To
that one young man. however, 1 trust
that my words may he of use aid interest."
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