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The Model The dairy barn herewith illustrated was designed for a dairyman who dis 3)ose.s of the dairy products to private trade. To save labor the horse barn and wagon room are under the same roof ,frH ONT PERSPECTIVE VEW., IKiih the cows and calves. In fact the building is really three farns, but all under the same roof ii horse barn with accommodations for ten horses, cow barn with stalls for thirty-eight milch cows, and the small barn for nine dry cows or young stock, a large double calf stall and two bull pens. As will be seen by the floor plan, ach department may be closed with sliding doors and entirely separated from all other departments. The entire building is plastered, both the exterior and interior, with two coats of Portland cement over HOW TO GROW COTTON. Mr. F. li. Andrews, a Prosperous Mt. Gilead Cotton Planter, Tells How to Grow Cotton Successfully. (Asheboro Courier.) In the editorial columns of the Courier we find an article about the growing of cotton In Randolph and at a request of readers who know how to cultivate, to write. ( I am not a citizen of Randolph, but am interest ed in the emod old county, as it is tny wife's old home. J was raised on a farm where from 2 00 to 300 acres of cotton were plant ed each year and have been plant ing it for four years myself. I do not claim to know all about this wonder ful plant, but there Is good reason to spy I know something about it. I would not advise any farmer to stop raising his hog and hominy to raise cotton, but the most independent farmers are those who make their su plies and a few bales of cotton to sell. I have observed the soils of Randolph and see no reason why cot on cannotb e profitably grown. The land should be well broken as early as possible and harrowed, the rows laid off three feet apart on or dinary land (If the land is very rich the rows should be wider) and rows should be as near level as possible to prevent washing and to hold the wa ter on the land. A good formula for a fertilizer is 3 8 3 guano, 3 per cent, ammonia, 8 per cent, phosphoric acid rmd 3 pi-i- cent, potash. A high analy sis of phosphoric acid is needed to make the fruit. Sow the fertilizer in the row, applying 300 to 400 pounds to the acre. Make a bed with a single horse turnintr plow on tho fertilizers, plowing all the land to the beds. Sta ble manure alone is a line fertilizer for cotton. About the 2 nth of April the bed should be harrowed with a light harrow, not to tear them down too much, and the seed put in a mel low seed brd with a good cotton planter, putting four or five pecks to the acre. is soon as the cotton has come up a lisht top harrow should be run over the beds to loosen the ground and to kill the small grass that has just come up. The cotton should then RALEIGH, N. C, JANUARY 25, 1910 Shown Below Was Designee for Economy of Time and Labor expanded metal lath, tho studdings are 2 by G inches, ten feet long-, and the story is eight feet except over the horse barn, where it is nine feet, to allow for driving in with a load of hay in stormy weather; the story is ten feet over the wagon room. All floors are of cement, as also are tho j ceilings. The exterior walls are first covered with ship lap anCt striped for the lath; the spaces between the stud ding are filled in with concrete up to window sills, and all corners and angles are carefully rounded, to avoid hiding places for dirt and bacterio. The stalls are formed of gas pipe, and the loft floor is supported on three-inch pipe; the box stalls and horse stalls are six-inch flooring doubled, and have wire guards mount ed on the top. The mangers of the cow barns are be thinned out with a hoe to ono ptalk in a place about 12 inches apart. Two stalks may be left when there is not a good stand. A single stock plow with a diamond hoe should be run around it, throwing the dirt away from the cotton, leaving it on small ridge. A ten-inch cotton shovel on a single plow can be ron around it throwing some dirt to the crop and also covering up small grass in the middle. As soon as there is a need for it, a hoe should be taken and all the grass that has not been covered up with the plow, or is too large to be covered up with the plow, should be taken out. The next plowing should be a little larger, say about a 12-inch cotton shovel, or sweep, as it is some times called, on the same single plow stock. It will be necessary to run a small plow in the middle of rows to destroy grass that has started there. As the crop advances a larger plow stil should be used, keeping the ground Ownership of Land Xot Esteemed as It Should Be, Land owners ought to be very con siderate of those who occupy and tend their lands. It Is a privilege to own land less esteemed here than else where. We have land greed, but are not wedded to the soil; at all times ready to burn our garden pailings, put out the fire, call nr d lv our Anclo-Saxon greed for land fur ther a-field. Such ?aninity does not bnd to make a people great and happy. Call the roll. Resolve to abide in peace here. Build sightly r.nd comfortable tenements for those you employ to produce increment In your possessions. Eliminate help which embarrasses you. Stand tiptoe. We complain of the tendency of labor to the service. My greatly es teemed friend. William Little, took the measure of passiner things with an acuraey quite unmatched. lie thought the labor we had was not free from criticism. b"t, all things considered, very deserving of praise. These who want Italian service are not of my line of thought. It will be a long time before we turn go our colored help. R. T. BENNETT. TRY A arranged to be flooded when watering the stock, and all gutters are drained to manure pits. Traps are placed in the floors for draininsr away the wash water and hydrants are placed at convenient points, so the entire barn may be 1 r HI ' ZOOM. 5 SI L.O . 4 I H a.. F-OQTi washed down in a very short time. The two silos are 1G by 38 feet and are also plastered, the inside lined with brick, which receives a coat of plaster. Hay forks and feed and litter car riers are installed and reach all parts of the barn. The chop or ground feed is stored in bins on the second floor aad is drawn to the feedroom through eight inch spouts, as wanted. Silage is passed down the chutes between feedrooms and silos, and by keeping the doors closed all dust and odor3 are kept out of the cow barn. well tired around the plants. The plowing and the hoeng should con tinue until the last of July when the land should all be bedded to the crop, as corn, and left until gathering time. Cultivation should not be over two inches deep. I omitted to say something about varieties of cotton. An early variety is best suited to this section. Cook's Improved, King and Simpson's prolific cotton are fine varieties and are all early. The fertilizers may be scattered by a distributor made for the purpose or if the planter does not want to go to this expense, he may get a hand, a tin trumpet for 15 or 20 cents and scatter by hand. The crop can best be gathered by paying for tho work by the 100 pounds. P. L. ANDREWS. Mt. Gilead, X. C. What Every Feamier Can Do. (Charlotte Chronicle.) The Durham Herald says, with pointed truth, that "all farmers in North Carolina cannot raise 200 or 300 bushels of corn to the acre, but if one can do this, the average farmer should be able to raise more than 12 or 13 bushels to the acre." And along the same line, the Greenville Reflect or says: "If every farmer in Pitt county will endeavor to make two bushels of corn this year where he made one last year, there will be plenty of full bins when next harvest 1 time comes." If that man is a Dene- factor to humanity who makes two blades of grass grow where before only one grew, how much greater ben efactor is he who makes two ears of corn grow where only one was pro duced before. To do this should bo the aim of every farmer in the South, and until such does become his aim this section will be dependent on the farmers of other States. Vol. 34, No. 31 the Greatest j flay is passed down in the feedrooma for the entire barn at one time, thus keeping the dust from the cow barn. A good cement foundation is pro vided for everything, and all exposed woodwork receives three coats of paint. . . C O XV S rA Li s. I 1 rmsM I Jsisn ' fLA Ar' The root is covered with asbestos j rooling felt, making the entire barn practically fire proof. The cost to build this barn was slightly more than if built of wood, but as it requires no paint and few repairs it would seem that in the long run cement was the most economical building material for the farm. Kindness and cleanliness are the watchword in this barn, and every thing in reason is done to this end. The arrangement is such that the work of caring for and feeding tho stock has been reduced to the mini mum, and one man can feed the entire barn in a very short time. THE COST OF L1VIXG. The Farmers of the South Should ltiii.se More Hog and Hominy and Then Keep the 3foney Tliey Receive for Cotton at Home. According to Colonel L. F. Living ston the increase in the cost of liv ing is attributable to three or four well defined and easily explained causes: First, the trend away from the farm. Second, the increase of population in the cities, and the congestion in tho big centers of ignorant and untrain ed foreign immigrants. Third, the all-cotton cropping sys tem on Southern farms. The last reason he shows is ono which should be taken particularly to heart by Southerners. In eleven of the Southern States, he says, there la an over-production of cotton and an under-production of crops to feed the family. Even those wise farmers who raise enough gocd crops for their own consumption, do not always raise a surplus to sell to their workers in the mills and shops of the cities. If the farmers of the Sruth would raise more grain, more meat and less cotton, they would be better off, and the dweller in the city would be bet ter fed. FARMERS! ATTENTION". You probably saw that hogs wrero selling in the Chicago live stock pua at $9.05 a hundred for the best quality. This means that hog meat will bo very high all year. What are you troing to do about it? Grow all the chickens you can. Get some good cows, and have good pastures for them. Get good, breed sows now, and bo ready to fill your own smokehouse next winter. The more vegetables you have, the less meat you w'll have to buy. Get good card en seed; then, and plant a garden. .Also, get some early corn. Corn on the rob is most nourish ing food. Memphis Commercial Apnea!.