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MISING COTTON To the Editor: Permit me to give -our readers the best method of grow ing cotton in Oklahoma,. Break the land deep and close. Harrow well. After the 15th of April lay off the rows five feet wide. When the cotton Is well up harrow across the rows. In 1 cys Plow it out, and chop to a stand, having the cotton six to eight inches in the" drill, then dirt it up with sweeps. Keep the land well stirred, and plow till August, and if land Is upland you can be assured of one-half io one bale per acre, and if bottom land from one to two balr-s per acre. Corn, to grow successful break the land early and harrow, pl3nt the first week in April on upland and the last of April for bottom land, lay off rows 4 1-2 feet wide, leave corn 15 to 20 Inches in the drill. When well up run around and harrow, then plow every twelve days, till waist high, and Jet her go. Sow arler oats in your cotton in September. They will make fine grazing for chickens, pis ad calves through the winter. Take the sock off in February, and you may exoect to harvest 60 to 100 bushels per are. To grow hogs. Plant barley in S-n-tmber; turn in the sows and pbrs the f rst of December, have plenty of wa ter, and feed corn or bran slop once a day; give salt and wood ashes to clean out worms. Iet hogs run on barley till grass rises. Roreh-im fed green to hogs is not good for broo bows. If you wish to breed sows to have pigs come in April and October feed the sows on ash cake mo.de hot with red pepper. th-fe months and twenty davs prior to the time you de-sir- the p'gs. Farming is no longer slavery, but Secretary "Wilson has, and i. doing more to elevate the farmers than aH else. Any ambitous younr married man can make a deem living on th" farm and be harpy 35 day in the year. I wps amazed and annoyed to read what the gentleman said about planting cotton three feet wide. Cot ton, like youg ngs, must hve dis tance and sunshine, and plenty of fooH. That 3-feet rows ,lke the s-on" er plow of ate-bellum days. Is out of dae. Had 1 to live my life over. I world do uct as i? Kpt rnarried and plant all crops in the ground and pay no attention to the moon: noif to Vommets. The Frmer National Congress at PaKlgh builnVd on reso lutions better than was known, as the President of the TJ-itrd States thinks well of them, and having them incor porated into law. So much for us, who tickle the soil. I am stuck on the Farmer ami cl-anir. If is th essence of wisdom, and that is power. Yours, A. P. CAGLE. HOW TO GROW POTATOES. VsluM Information by Mr. J. C. Coffey, One of Caldwell's Successful Fr. rrners. (Lenoir News.) If you will give me space in your valuable pap ?r I will give t your readers my method and success of growing potatoes. The land snuaiJ be dry and not subject to overflow. Now we begin to prepare the land by spreading manure broadcast, covering the surface completely. We recom mend wroods mould, old hay or straw well rotted to be mixed with the stable manure. We then break the land with a two-horse plow, follow ed by split log drag, disc ani tooth harrow. This mixes and pulverizes the soil, leaving it in a fine condition and a good seed bed. Plant from 2 0th of March to 10th of April. We mark out rows four feet apart with one-hoise twister, going twice in each furrow, ready now for planting. We select medium sized smooth potatoes, cutting Ungthwise in quarters, then separate the eyes as best we can, 1 sav ing one to three eyes to each piece, drop two eyes in hill twenty incites f.i art, then cover one and one-half Inches with weed hoe, giving a stroke on each hill with fao of hoe so the fertilizer boy can readily see where to place ferilizer. Th -n w-? take 2 00 lbs. high grade acid phosphate and 100 li s. bone poi.ath per acre, mix and sprinkle two table spoonful to every bill. Care should be taken not to let this touch the potato as it kills the eyes. We follow with turn plow, cov ering one or two inches more whieh finishes the planting. Potatoes are now covered about four inches deep. Of course the yield cm be made greater by vining more guano properly applied. I.ims is not recommended for the crop. Now we take up cultivation, which begins about the second week in May or as soon as the plants begin to shot on, snnie of them may be 3 ;r 4 inches high ad nothers not in .vght, take a turning plow and cover from each side 1 or 2 inches deep re gardless of plants. This work can be ith a ridin- done more wi.0.ar which cuts fun-hors, disc cuiuvcuu.. . .- i 1vpri7:?S tna SOU uciwt XS d be repeated in cht to t j ri-vs before the plants get too tan. rowin- un about the same amount of oi as before, this is the last time we cover up everything, except in case of May frosts, which often comes Pi-ht here is the most critical point oVthe season, should there come a cold snap you must watch your ther momcnt.r and if the mercury drops below 50 degrees at noon, you can cave vour crop by covering up with lose 'soil, let them remain until the frosts are over, then you can so over and rake off soni2 of the dirt and the plants will come out all right. Small garden patches can be covered with out the use of plows, but if no frosts come, we are ready to lay by at thirl working. We turn all the loose soil from the middles to the hill, you can readily see that the manure which was first broadcast is? now mixed, in the hill and is accessible to the fibrous rootlets sent out by the plants. All done now except an application of nitrate of soda 200 lbs. per acre, spr'nkled on ridge among plants wh sn foliage is dry also plant a row of cow peas in middles to shale the land, mal e a crop of peas ani choke out weeds, these should be planted so thick that heir seed leaves will touch each other, this can be done with a corn planter. One sure method of de stroying bugs is when they first make their appearance take a basin and t?p them into it, then smash or seal 1 them. This, deprives them from de positing their eggs on the plants. An other metho J, take 4 lbs. lim. 1-1 lb. aris-green, mix together well, put in an empty 25 lb. four sack, dust it over plants where they nr? located. UH SUGGESTIONS The experience of different people under different conditions must neces sarily differ. This is as true of labor as of un yother subject. and certainly important, that most of the writers agree on so many essential points. These points uf agreement present a nearly unanimous opinion founded on very wTiie and varied ex- i of Mrpfiil rnnclmtlnn Pmnht tr.. I "ether in harmonious form they go far toward nrpppnt'nir a solution of the much dlscu.ssed Southern labor problem. We shall therefore attmnt fo nofn out thse points on which there Is such general agreement. Then wre ball offer a few surr"tions f?mded own personal experience. 1 Tn rtr"o f-r-n'sbog tve lnhor est adapted to t-e South. He is hee f - oo-f. iQ fMii to o'ther dis cuss methods for getting rid of b?n ot of d:Fpninvr him. Wh all h's rnnits tr n"9T a8' mnnv rood oual it'es. iyrd w,fh the ""-at -s of M-potcsfaotoi-y nooTo laor thre i" pr","",i of the bef- nn1 sat'sfary ' d show possibilities worth striv ing for. ?. Tbe Rot'-vern v'blt, mrn Is to V'flT, fo wt)-b Of th fiead'" nnroo oa m the p'folpnry rf n'rro nr. Thp pn pplflrrn ori"-!iotp! or t?iVpS t v, Q follows a bad exan'ft more ofrn fV,ai n OOfl on, Pnc-iriooq vioV,riq f vVi i t o r'n p tv r i f t v, r-"c-i-n aid """h ro-TG rT" of-oi rnpnori'J''o for ft r -nit' r t-o imnovifiop and ml ry -- oKif of tb -iof"r AV'Hb tv,o?p foots q fho. pll lrnr-nt. miAcfto ? "W"bo "n xro to ' prove these unfortunate oor-"1-fk yon do-'t. rporfvpj don't . rov fnn'iTirr xr of V ' ofr Svf''sSS, ' rrv i no'-oc ii" t Ii npi fo Ti-orl,- tOI) .oVi ;i ,1 t-o r, -c, no-sv or fif.'?ir,v,v o io"-ro tV,om in orT0 x,.? v, von or Ioc-t. for 'c: on fooov,;, oil V, .r.c, vot.,ft fn r."t,nfv Vt rrt of -'t T.,l.fi . - f , T 1 n n - n o r o O 1 1 c. , - - " n ,3 ! , . r v- - - - - rl f th- prr " o . 1 1 .4 111 be in Merchants Nation of RALEIGH, N. C. A VflMnnnl' Tank directly under that will pav you 4 per cent interest prrtment deposits made by the 3rd first. DEPOSITS OYER 51,000,080.03 Merchants National of RALEIGH, N. C. GOOD ADVTrT? TO FARMERS. Rev. P. Oliver ' PsSbly on Im portant Srbjcct. (Danbury Reporter.) Messrs. Editors: I will venture to offer a few thoughts on a subject, that seems to me of Altai importance nist at this time. There has scarcely been a time in the recollection of nr cl ler n - a prophet, but I that it would be venture to suggest dangerous for q-v v to catch that idea and act accord ingly. Now is th time for us to "-t cut of oVbt, and then stay out as far as possible. If on the other hani. we conclude that p wMi iit'n - - rrood, and we can afford to gratify all our imaginary warts ad let our ob Tga'ions stand, and p-ics go down, as they always have in the past, we vi'l find ourselves in a bad condition. Put If we deny ourselves a little rrr debts, pet even with the world and prices continue high we wil! ' in good circumstances. We know well that "all cotton ani trv,, t proved to be very harmful to the farmers of our Southla. i ' years. Now since tobacco is barely paying th cost of production and cotton i5? hiTh. s-hll we continue to make the same mistake? Si'y nt 5irc we have had so many bitter ex periences along this lie. Let every farmer, firpt of all, prepare for plenty of corn and wheat. alo plenty of vege- j tar'p5 and ctou food so as to have . Supply of all the necessaries of 11 of ! b-n;e. and then grow all the cotton and good tobacco he can. if we this and owe no man anything olv vbat may be paid in k'nd, we will be rble. If necessary to hold the money crop, until prices are satisfactory, unless we are too hard to pla?'. T arn prompted to these suggestions from f xpressior3 I have both heard and read. I feel quite confident that many of our peop'e are in danger of making a great mistake and rik too much. If I could be the means of causing som even a fpw peoT)le, to pause and think, and then start out to mate their fams self-supporting, with their obligations all discharged'. I shall be well paid for the few min utes I have been writing thsp notes P. OLIVER. Goldboro. Feb. 5 Goldsboro town ship was carried today for a $15,000 bond issue for good roads. The vot" was four to one in favor of the masl Much Interest was taken in the election. pit, wiicn diuiusi cvc.vinuifc two bushels per capita for the entire er has to sel! was so hi-rh. as at p-js- pulation of the WOrld. The United p-t. Many persons are saying that kiatfs produced for the same year prices will never be low any trior-, o r.9o 20 000 bushels which is s Now, I am no prophet, nor the son of t.'uIL n'er capital for our. own I.onV. IE VERY FARMER SHOULD REAP AND kly News w ONLY $1.00 THE YEAR JOTH QF THESE PAPERS Send in Your Subscription Today 50c For Six Montlis Address SUESCRIFTICH CCPRIMI.T, W.HH & KCCKAKIG, the supervision of the U. S. Governnv compounded quarterly. In Savings L? of each month draw interest as ot the CAPITAL, $100,000.03 ank A STUDY OF CORN PRODUCTION. The Amount Prod u eel and the Vain? of tho Fhint Food Tnkcn Out of the Soil Increased Yied Rather Thun Increased A reace Must Folio. (Cor. Statesville Landmark.) I have no data showing the worlTa corn acreage but the yield for all cruntrics for 1907, the latest year f.r vhich I have a complete report, is 3,300 255,000 bushels, which is aho-it ruFheis per capuai lor our. own popu lation. So other countries producrd 707 935,000 btishels, or about one-hilf buFhels per capita for the worl l's population outside of the United States. It will thus be seen that the United Spates rroduces about 3 1-2 times ns much corn as all the balance of the world combined. When we remem ber that corn is used la-gely for teJ for live stock, we can readily ap' ciate the important position whir-h this greatest of all cereals occupies in 'he world's food supply, and it should be a source of pride to every Ameri can that our owrri country occupi-? po consriuous a place as a feeder of the nations. Ech lr0 bushels of corn take oit ' f tho soil $29.22 wo'th of plant food, and the total value of plant foo re moved from our soils each vear i ? 71 r, 4 74,000. As we export or senl out of the country wrhere grown 21 per cent of all the corn we rn'c. it will be seen that we lose $lr9,000 000 worth each year. The other miv tartly be returned to the soil in the 'orm of manures or by-poduts frm he crrp. The question that natural! arises is how long is this go'ng to 1 st? Is it not reasonable to conclude thit great poil exhaustion has been g ing or? This enormous yield of corn h'ts been krt up in the pst bv hrinin e' jLT-Hiion now sous, put tnis i vof always continue. It necessar ly T-ouows. ten. that if our com prnr tion is to keep pace with the denrin U rPn it. the increase mut come from increased yield rather than a larger acreage. 5. MTTJJSAPS. 1 . Does Not Agree With the Mulish. (New Bern Sun.) A mule ate some copies of the Xrtw and Observer and a few days later was killed by a Southern train. The pa pers were found undigested in the mule. We know that some things he Raleigh paper says are hard to swal 'ow but this case proves it bevoruS doubt. THE and Observer 30c For Tire Months B sight. Southern H VLfcibH, N. C.