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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
1 D COilTliS OPJES PICTURED The Good Things About The Cotton Mills Are Generally Overlooked MANY VIEWS ONE-SIDED Unfair To Mills To Select Dis agreeable Features and Hold Them Up as Represen tative Mills Are Making Progress and Condition of Mill People Is Improving 15 VatS HI:;, claim a i,ki three of the di - For so long the stories that have been published about the mill? of the South have been adverse criticism that there are quite a number of people hvni iri mill tciwns, to whom the word "cotton mill" means something bnrrible rather than a place where piopli of industry are earning a liveli hood, as every person should do. It j remarkable to see the. number of Sut hern people who are patriotic in almost every other respect looking upon a manufacturing interest that by first right belongs to the .Suth .is if it were a trespasser or a menace to i he country. It is strati ire to hear a word of criticism from them of an industry that is as yet only in its fancy, and that taken as a whole hap been doing the best it could, and stranger still when one rinds that the jsker knows nothing of experience ;n.d only speaks from opinions gath ered by reading some story or an ex terior and passing view of one or two mills that made an impression. The truth of the matter is that the veiv worst conditions in the mills have been pictured before the public and those condition! said to represent the null operatives as a whole. I do not mean to imply that bad conditions (annot be found in the mills. They cm bo found in the slum of any city. But the bad conditions do not repre sent the mill people as a whole, and frotu my observations 1 would con seratively say that not more than it' per cent of the mill operatives would approach the class that is be fore the public mind to a certain ex tent. So much have they been criticised t hat for a long time a family looked upon it as a disgrace to enter a mill, and many of them held back until thev were forced to go because it v.- .s the only place that afforded them a means of support. Consequently they have felt ostracized and that is one of the causes why they will no; mingle with people outside of the mills. Kach mill has its share of condi tions that may be improved, but the had conditions are not all m the mills. aim neither are all of the conditions it. a mill bad. It would be just nbo t ihii io pick out tne worst con- .liii... : . ..ij... i . "iiM-u in it cu ana picture it as a representative type of citizenship of that place . s it is to select one of the pe-or unfortunate families in a cotton mill and say that it represents the in-du-UMl workers in the n. ills. fiis junior, she Ix-ing Sine that time, 24 i . - uncei mat parent roof " ie.:, anu 1 still living. ",u"1 J'JM 23 and the jui o ginning to walk. In ii... ,, . . tains they reited land, and ri( . imagine what a struggle it must have been for one poor mao u work Kt ...tni-i Vv.xm man in an isoli.i.1 iriot fc'u or some odd miles railroad station. There they a two room house, and neither the mofher nor the father can read or v. rite. None- of the older children have any education. But here is the chi-iopo ;.. rl flir.i wuuiu ie selected as a fa mil v tbt ! would be called "bad " in.. to the mill, the older children hae entered the mill and are v .rking. but the younger ones went to sc ool last year. Some of th well and one of the little bnvs can write his name. Th room house and have onlv a few pieces of furniture. The mother, having never studied dom stie .scic. te nor mingled with people who lived in better circumstances. couki not be put down in the list of tidv housfkppT.pr.; nor knows nothing about the art of beauty around the home. The chil dren are stout and healthful looking. ana the girls have "come out" won derfully in thtir manner of dres since to the mill, was what one of their neighbors said. Io the mill th- oivlc ...... 1 . . An. . , 6"n Vctll MirtK1 i I dlil to JO a Wfth according to the statement of the mother, and oi.e of them Aent back to the mountains to spend t ie sum mer and "hired herself out" on the farm for $8 a. month ;n..l her board. CHICAGO W1EAT El. STRONG OUTLOOK COTTON GOODS MARKET from a Highest War Prices Yet Duel On Whole Business For Week To Canadian I '.j mors That Duty Would r 2 Removed Has Been Quiet; Burlaps High: Dyestuffs Scarce, ll'-5 i.t Aw. Aii:. s. II .lull. ..I v. : ;it '' KDJilSTMEKTOF 'hie, la:i:ul!ca import fca-!el. :,u alvi. Otli-r v::in -oiaj'ii ert-: rn 'l'-- to ' l-rovivb us t. .V. , Fill u r' i lo-cj ; win: at N JtO-tl.bT I-llilT CO UN - S-j.O-iilM-r I - el(!l, l OATS Sitinit.T lembr I'OUK - S.ttuil-t-r LAliU - S'ptf inber V t t(.t'r to i:ms ! lir ;.r ri--s x l !t of ruun.r- t hnt uiil(l 1k rcniMMi .r thf t.t. fining to hi t J.!, i tT, AUiT. s- .ttt r a v iui- fn i.5 h o- !af- 1 i;ii.i- ft r f- r- iiti . H.,t . :, it iv'rr I r 1(ta . 41 X to SfMteitit,-r . tober .. .. CASH UUAl.N : No. -J irtl ... 'o 1' knl . C4tUN No. 2 wllow OATS - Slatuiartl .. Will! .1 - sr. 40 BUSINESS SQG! Hugh McRae, of Wilmington, Thinks Present Disorganiza tion Will Only be Temporary I1AII.V C1 ." TABI.K. Vurt Now OrioMiis : Ite VSt: stook 4s.:ui;. t .!!, est or I : Ue-oij t sto-k '11.1V.'.. "IotHo: lU-eij ts !.V-T. S;i vj.rtni! : KiMeio.s OUarSetstoii : !te-f'. Wilmiiijrton : lie - Norf.dk: Iloioipt- 'tnet. jptK IK): exports 1.- ".: oxprrts 14'.;: exwrts 10'J : stork 11 ; exiH-rts 7 : m ... k kit a- vr?- a- ft r ', v iivt. j tiji'.v Ti.-r' in? tit 1 lr'nrkt-t f -r t rpjruiir 1-i.rto tilarlr tiiitl ,o .u--iueiin t f t. ,.titl,.k f r (f.r m n l.unnU. Ii f tl.v !foi: '-r i'. J It. n t.i Iw-rn luiu v .1 Mr.- n. tho (. i.l . f 1.4 i,t izU mi. Hon Trdv in ;trit.ii- u . ( . u, u ' n ils t.i ucl ih(twtt-. fi r 1 or!;t s xvhi.-h hrv- rNoi. r,.iK. u f tlwse p. .,J j riu. i..sli ir. vr: rt-,-ti :iUau. es ,.f v . :ir4i , n ,j Trims J..th u.iO' m. .;, r;ii i :. ,u- lhio. T.'it- utiil.ility t. t ,;', tns f.r Lit ifoiirery !,:, ,1,.., Lt.i i takitp .f frwarl orUT- oji .riti. ;.i , i,tt , 1. rt Inns. TrlritT at- a oil,: i; l,',,ri tin ami sfveral iiiilis h.-:r- urtifiU-! ti.-.i . ot 1'iit stiM further. Mniiy ..ut.ri. ii,iitv 4iif oil s'.l ftr a tui. w-.'k-" :M-ut:.ii It 1 ot.i-ted thjt tJ.t' iltuui .) f..r . tti, trot! will ?r .w tHTtt r LiT-r on. fvi o i t Lf-r ii..inoti- nv :;nit m-im Mltii ir : r.i,i Lelit-t ;i short;. co f s.rts lt veJujeU wlii.li Jift proe uHImoj jrrd tt tio no.v-)tir-a( io .ttt'it. lr tle uioiitfiit th-ro is u oi.iii rul 'o ni tio Uensiou l.t lower . loth its n.iiy '.me sinl that i !; :i ilftorront . j.rfo-tin: ivy ors m'Mfnient. I'rit- ;.- Jl - I t nnt -tt!i -j no'.-t niMli w .i,t; rertK: hrwn s!.evtiiiis. st.iitlu n st.n.il-4iH 7"4 oiits. d'tiMij-. 'i miruo 14 tt-nt . ii! ins S oniKf ir; iiis: st:u.n cii i.m..k t.'t ents: stntnlari orints .".. i!ff trn.t ... ..-a M!i..,,ifj:;i., ts TH): Nti-k 1 ints 4'.: stook T.'.tis. J : oxMrts .'UV) ; stoo NKH VOUK lKV i.ODIIS. MilU Have l'rores-tl. the mills have proeresjsod and improved their con of all this, and the in the cotton mills are much superior to Hut the ienpl have (litmus in sjiite (iifltiton todfy (3 the Sthte wnat tney were rive or ten year? rso. S.mo ,,f the -iris in the mills of Char lotte when "dressed -uj" cannot be told frm any of the other nice look tup uirls of the city, (tne srirl I re n.'inK,.r partU-ularly hist Jull was so tastoftiiiy dressed that many peof l ttirned to -lance in her directiot It ;.s not one of th attractive costumes -tlr. the skirts wa.i not even slit. S'he w;t.s wearins; a nice bhie tailored 'iit. vonial pumps which were the thn. silk hose, a very lcomins rot and sloves to match and at her W;n:t : lare bouquet of pink car ra tions with f-rns. The irl is - weaver n mil! in Charlotte and maks atiy n'te frf,m 1o T(, sn wePK and i? !nutjr the manv nice sirls that w"rk in the mills of Charlotte. She - 'ot nr. extreme ri'iroirds of cas. others just is there are as nice look- that further of in- T ( -Kml" CV.tMliiioti. ' i very "tind"' cordition T'? i if we will look a little uv always find somethin ,r'V: anfL-sorrthintr that will make "v fairer toward- 'he- mill operator 'KmiT-. 'l., o u rim ''tlS I tlir.v.i vvh.it V,-jc- l-.can n i r -the 'fiat lhriiiih . . . . . ... : . 'm.i r 1 1 r- -tlrllltny oi lll- ' are extremely poor, i One Family. I - W:.U 11 fjmil- Vi.. T fi.ur.rl V one of my trips that 1 considered Jt.t. tostint;. H was a familv lately n'i,d to the mills from t. moun ,J,,,'V in llurke county where the ath- .il evidently been one of the rn y " nvhihers oT thtit section. When a iti.ir ffi;in he acted after the man- ' of the other youiiK men of his ' ''"Jit MIKI lri!irrii.l . .! i.liiii,inar hride u girl just a few yars (Si-win I lo The N-w5 anl Olwrvf-r.) Wilmington. Augr. 9. Mr. Hutrh Macliae. local apent for the cotton distribution fund, in an interview said that the greatest difficulty that will now confront A mr rican tommei ce in the immediate fut ire will not be so much a lack of funds as the adjust ments that must necessarily take place, caused hy the cutting off of American exchange of commodities with Europe. He said that money will be forthcoming from two cer tain sou ices and from two possible additional ones, all of which would place more money in circulation in the l7nited States than has ever be fore been known in the country. Millions are now available for crops. Mr. Mac fta. is of the opinion that the present disorganization of busi ness is largely temporarily, and that after a time some arrangement ma be made bv which some lines of the United States exports may be con tinued as formerly, particularly that of wheat and other commodities ne cessary to both the peaceful and bel ligerent nations. Mr. W. B. Cooper, a prominent business man of" Wilmington and senator-elect from this district in the ! next General Assembly, has sailed j from Liverpool for Montrea., Canada. whence he will come on to Wilming ton. Mr. Charles Price, who was tour ing Kurope with him. sailed Thurs day from some - French or Italian port and will land in New York. Mr. W. f:. Schuler has received a postal card from his friend. Mr. Paul Cause, who left Wilmington some months a?o to visit the P'atherland af ter an absence of twenty-five or thirty vears. and who was reported to have been impressed into service in the German army, saying that he was hav ing a good time in his native land. The letter was written fiorn P.erlin. Mr. Schuler is inclined to believe- that the report that Mr. Cease, had beer, impressed into service is a mistake Col. Walker Taylor, rollector of cus toms, has received a telegram from acting secretarv of th treasury. K. F. Sweet, asking tnat ne rurnisn i.ne ue partme.nt a list of the officers licenced for ocean steamers now out of em plovment and available for service to Europe. Asia. Afr:ca. South Amen- ,.i a k! rx;i The deua rrmont t wants masters, chief mates. second third mates, emer l.altiiiioro : K.vj.o 1'ostoti : Kxports rhiladelphia: St New ork: Uv- st-K "jrj.lM. Min r tK.rt; st Total todav: U T2'i : stooiy ?.ZAM . Tot;il for week: i rot.-o for Kertwon ; port; ;s l.t'trj; stock :..- i A. '. slw-k r.7(Kl. i; ZJLXk ."rf. ; exports Nw York. A u tr. V lb f : bai; niirM.-o -rf saie f f forty in.-h i-.sr. made :it Vout. Tti-n- iei:and fur tui.-k doliwri- f I oji.t! v;tn v rv -;irti-l varii nmo. orgatidios ;iui Inwti". liruier :iiid higher. . itoi. tr.o1 4 f l-i,l IM v. ok 2.v,r.:. eip .V2i lU-i eipts Iteioifts oxr!''s i.l'Ji'. ox?- l!i:ilap ruled ktv hih lur week d.'livory. :.(t v-;iiu od 1 i -nt many lines nr- I i: O !. i lntr"r M4H-mni Hortofi : Ileoei -t rtTI : stock Meninbis: Iteor.i.ts 1U: :-Ui stok K5.1K:. Aiiirutu; Iereip:s i-; Niiipments It" 10.4C". Cinciniifiti : Keoeiprs 114; stock 12.7. Little ltock: Receipts 8 stock 0.7 is. Total tcdnv: Receipts. 4W; stock Tl.HTii:. veinietiUy ti risis in tli .) werr i-.oe Staj'l ilrcvv .H m . r t:. . ciiIk ;i ;irl ;.fit Jia ol i utn " . n itt :.! aiol ilit- WMIT OVKIi V Alt IU I.LSn I.N. stock ni'iMo:! s Mtllt. -li! S til'.': !iip;no A uj cries ii- Micd Ii Ani-t . t"r cignorx at thi- Tim- liuilitiit. Americans who joined the .-4iat throng nround the war holletins m ih windows if tho. Times biiibJmg ..i Times Square were impressed st-r-day l.y the deep feolint; shown by the repr-'seutativos vf the inikiltltil powers who had patherod &et early word of th- first moves in the inU rnationa 1 coii"kt. i German?. CLKAKIMi HOTSK STATKM K. T. j Swiss, and. i:i fa I tions involveii in Illy t!; As-f-i8;-il I'r.-vi.l New York. Ai r. S.-- The statement of t!i averajre -oiolitioi' of -leiirin house bank aDd trust com :niiies for the ivfek flict were anion; read the -tar. I i -'Vl.. IA. KlISS "! . men ..f .:U jht gieanlli the f lioiosands !;os, lfc!l-(llt-Wi.D and in became that the casli roserrt- iu excess f lopal re quirements decreased $"!. V..ttti. leaving n (Note: Aotral ondiTi"o truros not is- lice vrere forced su-tl today. Iailv average: I.,aii! $'-,.(isr..irr..(itH. tm-reaso.l ?l'.'.Hr..tK. Specie $till.:vs(l.00(. deciv:t.d .C.l.i.(Jo. Iet?al tenders. $7.My.4 dfcrensd 045XHi. Net deposit- $l.K!4t;.H. decreased S7."..00T. t'irciilati'!! $rd.fJ::.tf. iro reused :... 1. .. 00o. Hanks cas".i reserve :n viiidi t'.ril'S-.:. Trust C'n iMnies :aU rcsr in var.lt $tfj.:;4 .(. x Ajrsrexai? cash r--r-e ."WI.'.sV ." '. I eficit ea -Ji rerve lO.'O'. df-ral $."t ,71i!.t.o. dispatches a-,: omaienJ. in the news t ho w-m iiuty tooii-s was on( Mod, "ji :a it iex reserve w if Trnst house r.fcm ers carrying 'J-. jr ce: SZtiAXX!. Stareniei-t of state banks and t; tsanios in (Jreater New Vori. v. t in (-liirin'- house vrat-?n-nt : Loans :.nl in vetmeii7s erea-eil -SI .o7i.rOo. ;.UI $4:.l'0..vi. in 'Teased Curreu-v and brink hot- ?1"17.- 'Jt:i! .;rwit 'e, nn: r-T-rv-c 1 -t - ; .( Hit Alil t-IVf-: "TOfK. Ciii-'-air-. Ar.jr. lb .- -tr ?'- S.7i6i'.). 70 : 8t: i!i' J.fx;,..'. " Cattle oilier : hec-v r i: bulk of several insiaiu's ai foments so acrimonious I bat the pu- to inttrfeie. An exception to the cioabh- ore in the crowd wis an ildeii Gernu.ii who stood atart from t b- i st arid studied . h- bulletins with team itrfamirt!; ib.wn hi at.. T ;in American who expressed sy input hv for tho in tho war. the Gerroan said: "I wee; because 1 know vvhfcf it means. 1 fought in the last war with 1 France and I had hope th;.t I ht.oold ! never thos- co-jntvies at war '.again. AnivM"i'a:is cann! italic what 'such a strui;j;!e means u- tht U'Oi'. Here in America even the iresit isl war did net brir.K the horior of vht i homo to th- aV'-raue i-im.ii in tl ! c-j-j that Til" lower classes are rtiad to feel them hi German. araJ Frame. It is pitiful. t pitiful for word"-." If the sentiment about tr. bvilletln l-t,ard is a:i.c index to the futoie, then :r ma.v Oe ;d that Germany will be wiped fr- m the map within ix i.iC-nth? or x yiir. Sf:me of ihe who denoned th- Ivaiser used ihtir :n -,'ils ar.d i.h- o!;-; of envelopes to trove That German v was ' hoi tied op," and th.at .-'h- ".vioiid "oe sli-iUii to e wa. sTf.-kl d - .'Mi : v,w "41 11 .4 v". c:d er ...' ''1 5 . io " i Sho-t; teady : -hei Jlr.Mi :!'; k t. ('Off . io . ' "- - ea.-!- w i I ia mates first, neers VAVAI, rTOKV.-. second, third assistant engi- Xorniaf Weather In South. Savannah. G;!.. mi n a! : -ale" io-!:ts 'l ; sfO-ks II tsiti1 nominal diti. turod b.). ' I. . No II. wave oJ." before j out to- j After i ! t bb I L5 tbf Aswirij. red It'!.' Washington. 1 - C. Aug. hope for relief from the heat M,.M(tink' over the Fast. the last of th week was held i thf weather bureau. Oca - .' v - - - t TijA.,r ihp forecast said, there may he pome fall in temperature. Normal summer wert...-. ... cast for the South. ..TK.,.u.vhf.vvf rs will continue dur ing much (f the week over ilantic and -ulf State-, bulletin. , " lis- to io'C""' r-'--;. i ! llisin nominal: no srjir-: recc ! hir.n.ents Ml: st".-k- 17. a r. :...: . i'. ...-' ju-:te : WW. 4.1." 4..V: M. N. r.. o --.it r . death if s att'-Meld. A r: elderly P.. ho had sorv-'l i a lare zuih -r knew o.ily n".ar.y v::t.. h-;-oi:tt .'.it J r.lzizr.u i -. t; have no tr..::"'l her borders 'y :h: if nec-s.-a ry. v.-:r . S-Ttod. th"' f t'd - out. Few ir-T-t'!,;'ri-n but i ho-- who ta ! f-.r :hr c.t iritry. :i'-t '.ofoatl oi) the. tniHtx. u tt( ssimi that Fur ope.-. r wars. )ol ; abo.;t htfn . H. now siti.i.l' tn- .-.i;d. OUt U Willtilll yh- vouil Jo min. be said. wooM : ri :. o, t ir.f.' all of h:et d:lfii J aiun-K, a-:ive -i. toa by. In ijpl w old v.re tr :e: ifai t s iK m e. tilt It fur and pi i iii It i the I.IVKKPOOI. COTTON, r re.'o co n r: n tidi-ry v.-tjJd li itsif. N'-v York 1 ri .(' ;. Tm-. Ijjverpool. At:. soot . tfoii t day tf iene for K Sules .V baies Anerie;in f American u the .n.-i ifliddiir. I "A I.I. WAS IVTAb The ten to say. th Soi'th sai'l the to KW VOIt K MKRCASTII.K f'AI'KK. ..1.1 uiv;;ivs has time ttu' - - - - - - 1 . . . . , .1.1.- TT V!iO Pit's fOfio uui'ft the man New York. Aug F-xohanjr.'s $17i.7M .trj: s. --Merraii t i.e iaptr '. batanc-i '.7:7.1o. NKW VK KI4.AR. Ii e&nsh' r .-.sf-d r.7. di fali ree-ivfd lion to to. v. a - : ! o;h Kew Yrk. AfT. Itaw S4.:ai f.ru. : moievsey H.KT : ceiitrjf 4.fC K. Sio-l i -lo-l. Jbitter yi:o!y. 'ltoe. ftrm. 1 oi os. n hi o !sev. : - J. A. i-r7lt. as a le'.ni f a y i.t tt. K-.lu-i r. V.'i-rii.l wit l: on tf.tr aw.iiiioi: . i ho iotil when aughi a tri.ilt-y e. u and to th- vrounii itce?vio; fatal '. A u . 1 t'd:iV Saturd-i mi;!. 1 W ICn l.-eing coiisiro. ne wa I ft l !i ! J J. . f . iS 1 I l i I i ! . . - . t v r ! ' ' i 5 C i " i 5 i f 1