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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
i I f ) i t r -i I. if TAR HEELS IIRK To Be Exact, They Numbered, in the Year, 1910,947,839 Persons TEN YEARS OLD AND OVER Gainful Workers Forty-three Per Cent of the Population. Greater Proportion Than Shown by Census of 1900. A Little Over a Fourth of the Workers Female Washington, D. ('.. Aug. 15. Ac cording to the report on Occupations recently issued by Director William J. Harris, of the Bureau o' the Cen sus, Department of Commerce, there were !47,S3S persons 10 years of ape and over "in North Carolina engaged in gainful oceupationsv in 1510. The gainful workers thus formed 43 per cent of the total population of the State (2.Z0C.287) and 60 per cent of the population 10 years of age and oer (1.578,595). In 1900 the 718, 742 gainful wo.!, era of the State form ed 37.8 per cent of the otal popula tion and 53.2 per cent of the popula tion 10 years of age and over. The male gainful workers in 1910 numbered G74.849, or 86.4 per cent of all males 10 years of age and over, mm compared with 556.581, or 84.1 per cent in 1900. The female gainful workers in 1910 numbered 272,990, years, 100.S55; 21 to 44 yeara and age unknown. 31S.04O; and 45 years and over, 164,305. The proportion which the gainfully occupied males formed of all males in each age period was: For those 10 to 13 years of age, 49.7 per cent; for those 14 to 15 years of age, 74 per cent; for those 16 to 20 years of age. 86.9 per cent; for those 21 to 4 4 years of age, 97 per cent that is. all but 3 men in every 100 had gainful occupations; and for those 45 years of age and over, 92.2 per cent. The gainfully occupied females in 1910 were distributed according to age periods as follows; 10 to 13 years. 30.822; 14 to la years. i -u QO flfVk 20 years. 56,441; 21 to 44 years and I 00,UUUf age unknown. 120. 64; and 45 years and over, 42.802. The proportion which the gainfully occ formed of all females in each age pe riod was: For those 10 to 13 years of ag 29.3 per cent; for those 14 to 15 years of age, 4 4.1 per cent; for those 16 to 20 years of age, 46.2 per cent; for those 21 to 4 4 years of age, 34.4 per cent; and for those 45 years of agf and over, 25.4 per cent. Number of Children at Work. In North Carolina in 1910 there were 91.649 males and 52.9S3 females 10 to 15 years of age engaged in gain ful occupations; or. stated, otherwise. 57.5 per cent of the males and 34.1 per cent of the females 10 to 15 years of age were gainful workers. In 1900 there were 77,9S males and 32,421 females 10 to 15 years of age engag ed in train-ul occupations, which was 55.1 per cent of all males and 23.5 per cent of ail females 10 to 15 years of age. Principal Occupations The principal occupations followed by the males and females, respective ly, in North Carolina m 1910 were as follows: MALES. TMMEi BUS IE National Currency Association of North Carolina Completes Organization SOBERS DOG REPRESENTED upiedfemaies Headquarters in Raleigh, the Home of President Joseph 6. Brown Additional Cir culation Ready for Shipment Within Thirty-six Hours Af ter Filing of Papers . per cent per annum fw the first thr months and afterwards a tax rate f one-half of one per cent per annum for each month until the rate of .mi per cent per annum is readied. Th. shall then be the rate of the aver.,;, amount of such notes in circulation Notes Absolutely Safe. "As these notes are to p-y front hand to hand just a any other -4 of the banks it wa easci ti.1 thu they be made absolutely safe and ti that end every possible safeguard ,, thrown about them. "First there must be maintain--1 in the United Slates Treasury i redemption fund of not less than tivr per cent more in the discretion of t n Secretary of the Treasury. "The securities including .-..tit. mercial paper, held by member bank may be deposited as basis for circula tion but not more than 3d per cent of its unimpaired capital car be lu- I W. ... . . . . . 1 . . f . .... . . . upon inrr arvumj ui uir 1 wiititii-r paper. of all females 10 over, as compared 23.4 per cent, in or 34.2 per cent years of age and with 1G0.161. or l'JOO. Distribution of Workers. The !M7,839 gainful workers in 1910 were distributed amons the main branches of occupation as follows: Agriculture, forestry, and animal husbandry, 612.26G. or 64.6 per cent; extraction of minerals, 2,102, or 0.2 per cent, manufacturing and. mechan ical industries, 158.412. or 16.7 per cent; transportation, 29,601, or 3.1 per cent; trade, 39,028, or 4.1 per cent; public service, 4,839, or 0.3 per cent; professional service, 20,336, or 2.1 per cent: domestic and personal service, 70,676, or 7.5 per cent; and clerical occupations, 10.579, or 1.1 per cent. Sex of Workers. Of the gainful workers in 1910, 67 4. S 49. or 71.2 per cent, were males and 272.990, or 28.8 per cent, fe males. . In agriculture, forestry, and animal husbandry, the males num bered 449,361. or 73.4 per cent, and the females, 162.905, or 26.6 per cent, l'ractically all 2,087, or 99.3 per cent of the persons engaged in the extraction of minerals were males. In manufacturing and mechanical indus tries 123,454, or 77.9 per cent, of the workers were males and 34,958, or 22.1 per cent, females. Males consti tuted 97.7 per cent of the 29,601 per sons engaged in transportation, 91.7 per cent of the 39,028 persons en gaged in trade, and 94.3 per cent of the 4.839 persons engaged in public service. In professional service 10,- 2.3 3.03S 2.4X3 91fi S62 712 1 941 297 1 .1 j r . o . . . i . . e i or d-.o per cent, 01 me vurieis wre males and 9,608, or 47.2 per cent, females, a large proportion of tha females being school teachers. Domestic and personal service was the only large field of occupations in which the females outnumbered the males. Here females numbered 58, 667, or 83 per cent, and males only 12,009, or 17 per cent, of the work ers. Of the persons pursuing clerical occupations, 7.941, or 73.1 per cent, were males and 2,638, or 2 4.9 per cent, females. Color or Ilat of Workers. Of the 67 4,849 gainfully occupied males in 1910, 437.190 were native whites of native parentage. 2,302 na tive whites off oreign or mixed pa rentage. 3.329 foreign. born whites, 209.373 negroes, and 2.455 other col ored. The proportion which the gainfully occupied males formed of all the males 10 years of age and over in each principal class of the popu'a tion was: Kor native whites of native parentage. 85.4 per cent; for native whites of foreign or mixed parentage, 76.4 per cent; for foreign-born whites, 91.5 per cent; and for negroes, S8.5 per cent. (if the 272,990 gainfully occupied females in 1910, 129.457 were native whites of native parentage. 561 native whites of foreign or mixed parentage. 362 foreign-born whites, 141,391 ne groes, and 1,219 other colored. The proportion which the gainfully occu pied females formed of all the fe males 10 years of age and over in each principal class of the population was: Kor native whites of native pa rentage. 24.2 percent: for native whiten of foreign or mixed parentage, 16.6 per cent; for foreign-born whites, 17.S per cent; and for negroes, 55.7 per cent. Agr of Workers. Gainfully occupied males in -1910. were distributed according to age pe riods as follows: 1 to 13 years, 53. 4&7; 14 to 16. years, 34,192; 16 to 20 Agents, canvassers anj collectors 653 larbrs. hairdressers. and manicurist 1.712 UlaclsnitUw 3.002 Bookkeepers, cashiers. anl aecuuiitaiMs 2,815 Hrfc'k ami stone mason 1.891 UMilders and building contractors 1.04S Carm-Mer 11. 701 ('amaze and hack drivers 9SG Clereyniii Clerks (exceut clerks In sKtres) 3.2S0 Clerka in stores 1.948 ('mnierrial traveler 1,7X3 ComiKwitors. linotyuers. and typesetters' 744 Conductors (iteam rai road) 73: Pellvervmeii 2.021 Draymen, teamsters and expressmen 4,505 Knaineers (stattoHarv) 1,579 Farm and dairy farm foremen 793 Kami laborers 20S.337 Farmers and dairy farmer 228,013 FirotnoH (except locomotive and fire depart - mcnl Fishermen ami' oysteruien Foremen and overseers (manufacturing Forem ii and overseers (railroad tranVKrta-tiou) Harden laltorers tiardeners Cuards. watchmen, and doorkeepers If ostlers ami stable hands Insurance agents and officials Laborers: Urick. tile, and terra-eotta factories t'ij:ir and totrareo factories CoUon mills . Fertiliser frtoriea Furniture, niano. and organ factories... tleneral and not sitifled 11,105 I.umleryards S04 Koad and street building and repairing. . Saw and planing mills Steam railroad Tanneries Laborers, porters, and helpers in stores Lawyers, judges, and justices Locomotive engineer locomotive firemen Loom fixers Lumbermen, raftsmen, and woodchoppers Machinist and millwright. Mail carriers Managers and superintendents (manufacturing) Manufacturers and officials Messenger, bundle, and orfiee luiys Millers (grain, flour, feed. etc. ) Painter, glaziers, and varnishers (building). Physicians and surgeons Plumbers and gas and steam fitters Quarry operative Ketail dealer Salesmen (stores) - Sawyers : Semiskilled operatives: Cigar and tobacco factories Cotton nulls - - Keamers. warpers, and slashers Itohhin l. doffirs. and earners... Carrier, combers and lappers Drawers, rover, and twisters Spinner Weavers tKher occupations Furniture, piano, and oran factories ... Knitting mills Saw and planing mill Servants . . . . .- Shoemakers and cobbler (not. in factory) Teacher (school) Telegraph operat or Waiter FEMALES. Hoarding and lodging house keepers Ilookkecpers. cashiers and account aoU Clerks in stores Dressmakers and seamstreases (not in factory! F:iriu lalmrer : Farmers anil dairy farmers 13.27H Housekeepers and stewartlestse Laborers: Cotton mills Oeneral and not specified Laundresaes (not in laundry) Laundry operatives Midwivca and nurses (not trained) Milliners and millinery dealer Musician and teachers of munfe Saleswomen (stores) Semiskilled operatives: Cigar and tobacco factories Cot ton mills -Drawer, rovers, and twisters Spiiu:T Weaver Winders, reelers. and spoolers Ottver oct-upailons Knitting mills Servant Sewers and sewing-machine operators (fac tory) Stenographers and typewriters Teachers (school) .' Telephone operator Trained inrses Thirty-seven national banks In Xorth Carolina, representing an ag gregate capital and surplus of $3,000.- 000. had yesterday signed the neces sary papers of membership in the Na tional Currency Association of North Carolina organized at a meeting of bankers here on Wednesday. The headquarters of the association will be Raleigh. It is probable- that there will be frequent meetings of the executive board of the association in this city. The- president, Mr. Joseph G. Brown, and the secretary, Mr. E. B. Crow, reside here. Vice-President Thomas E. Cooper is from Wilming ton, but as a member of the executive committee will probably be in Raleigh often. Besides the president and the vice-president the executive board is composed of Messrs. W. C. Wilkinson, of Charlotte; J. B. Ramsey, of Rocky Mount; W. J. Holloway, of Durham; Neil Ellington, of Greensboro; A. M. Dumay, of Washington. It had been rumored that the funds to secure which the association was organized would not be available un der three weeks after the organization papers were filed with the-Treasury Department in Washington. Mr. Joseph G. Brown, president, yesterday stated that this report is without foundation and that the needed cur rency will be ready for shipment with in thirty-six hours after the proper demands have been made on the Treasury Department. 1.43G 1.S04 5.01a 79S 2 tiOS 2.124 14.872 7,534 1.271 1.313 1.1S7 960 63ti .35S 1.544 I 1,831 3 196 930 882 2,456 1.939 6C0 952 14.4S9 8.323 1.638 2.607 970 3.342 1.592 2649 1.091 5.392 3.9S5 1.276 994 2.62ft 4.723 802 1,938 771 S3t 1.5t6 730 5r9 6.241 148.801 1.835 1,212 673 23.192 782 1.760 979 H9S 2.019 2.797 554 5.i2l B.550 3.957 1.647 2.172 28 22 1,198 1.429 7.542 510 914 To Prevent Panic Is Aim. Speaking of the aim and effects of the organization of currency associa tions yesterday President Joseph G. Brown said: "National Currency Associations are organized under an act of Congress, passed in 1908 the purpose being to prevent any possibility of a recurrence of a currency famine like that which prevailed in 1907, when cash was sold at a premium in the open mar ket, and further to facilitate the movement or crops. State Banks May Join. "In the original bill, membership in the association was limited to Na tional Banks but the amendment passed on August 4th of this year ex tends the benefits of the act to all qualified State banks and trust com panies which have joined the Federal Reserve System or which may con tract to join the system within fifteen days from the passage of the act or by August 3 9, 1914. "Member banks must have unim paired capital and surplus of not less than twenty per cent and in every association there must be at least ten banks with an aggregate capital and surplus of not less than five million dollars. Th territory covered by an association may be one State or any part of a State, or con tiguous parts of one or more States "The management of the associa tion is placed in th hani board consisting of the representative from each bank, but the general pow ers of the board mrv i uy nit? executive committee of less man nve members chosen board. The North Cam tion has an executive nve oesioes thp nroviHni. the vice-president who are members ex-offieio. The association be-ins with thirty-seven charter members representing an aggregate capital and surplus of eight million dollars Many other banks of the Stat havo ex pressed their purpose to become mem bers a-s soon as they hav the re quired resolutions passed by the board or directors. otes on 125 "On state, city, town. cunty. ,.r other municipal bonds circulation may be issued to the extent of nt m excess of the par value of the UhlIh The municipalities whose bonds be offered for such security mtKt h.tv been in existence for a period of im years, and during thai ime h-v made no default in payment of pun cipal or interest, and their net funt. i indebtedness must not exceed tn prr cent of the taxable property. "In addition to this the banks an.f assets of all member banks are joint !y and severally liable to that in th hands of the public these notes art i safe as human ingenuity can mak them. "The banks generally ught. ant doubtless will, avail themselves .or this opportunity to faetlita th movement of crops and to ht-lp u business. Process Simple One. "The process of securing -this addi tional circulation is a simple The-member bank sends t th as ciation in Raleigh its application f.r currency with securities to cover th, amount wanted. The executive com mittee examines and parses upon t In securities and when approved the ttcers of the association forward application to the comptroller of currency who transmits it with recommendation to the secretary the treasury who directs the is.suaiu of the notes from time to time. "That there miy..t be as little delay as possible the government had pre pared soon after the passage of th original act the amount of curren-v allotted to each bank so that it coul'l be issued at any time when ne.-.j.-d. For instance for the use of th Citizen's National Bank of Kalei-h there has been held $lSS,0ui suhje, t to call. Under the recent amend ment this amount will be im-rea.se i to $348,750 and in the same propor tion" for all member banks. Iji.st of Member Banks. Banks signing membership papn up to the present are: Citizens National Bank, Raleigh. N. t.; Greensboro National Bank. Greensboro; National Bank of Ala mance, Graham; First National Bank. Gastonia; .Citizens National Bank. Gastonia; Citizens National Durham; Murchison National of the I lie hi. of Wilmington; First National Grlg' Wife. not by the lina Associa- committee of Bank, Bank. Bank. Durham; First National Bank. Rocky Mount; National Bank of Fayette ville; National Bank of Goldsboro, First National Bank. Wadesboro; Na tional Bank of New Bern; First Na tional Bank, Dunn; First National Bank, Bumberton; First National Bank, Wrashington; Farmers National Bank, Louisburg; First National Bank, Kinston; Peoples National Bank, Winston; First National Bank. Wilson; National Bank of Greenville. First National Bank of Bouishun;. Peoples National Bank. Salisbury. Commercial National Bank, Raleigh, Bank of Wayne, Goldsboro; American National Bank. Wilmington- Mer chants National Bank, "Raleigh; Com mercial National Bank, High Pom'. First National Bank, Tarboro; Mer chants & Farmers National Bank. Charlotte; Commercial National Bank. Charlotte; First National Bank. Char lotte; Charlotte National Bank. Char lotte; First National Bank. Hickory. First National Bank. Statesville. Commercial National Bank. States ville; First National Bank, Thoma.s-ville. Two vouns: Clevelanders met on the street Tuesday. One of them said: "Well I understand that our old friend Griggs has gone and married a wife." "It's not true.- I understand noth ing of the sort." "What? Well, what did you hear about it?" "I understand that a widow has gone ana marrieu our iriena tinggs. Cleveland Plain Dealer. Man was maue u mourn and wo man was made to se that he keeps ererhatwi at it. Per Cent Cnniii Surplus. "Every member bank is permitted to issue its own notes to the extent of 125 per cent of its unimpaired capi tal and surplus. Under this r ro vision the charter members of th North Carolina Association "representing eight millions of capital would be en titled to ten million dollars. Discretion of Secretary of Treasury "As this additional circulation i in tended only for use in emergency a tax was imposed in the original act sufficiently large to enforce it ; prompt retirement when not needed for com mercial purposes. Cnder. the recent amendment, however, the Secretary of the Treasury is empowered to sus- peiiu certain provisiuns and at this i-i.Tr iirrmiK-r o ii k is required to pay upon the average amount of its viti.uiMi.ioTi a uix at tre rate of three- SKTS ALARM FOR lXTHI'DKKS. And When Beil Rins He ;rab-i Boy In- Yard. "?end somepolicpmn quick; we'v caught ab urglar!" was the call o -r the telephone at the Southwestern I lice Station last night. The automobile patrol was hastily dispatched to the home of Kdward N Chance, 151S West Mulberry street. and the police found th;it thp llef.d burglar was a 12-year-old negro bov Thievs have been climbing over the wall and stealing grapes from my yard for the last threv davs and to night I set a trap for them," said Mr Chance. Th? trap consisted of an e.M tri--battery, with two wires stretehe 1 along the wall connecting with a !-i! in Mr. Chance's parlor. The alarm went off at 10 oY! ek and Mr. Chance ran into the yard capture the little negro, who gave hi nam as Theodore Johnson and saH that he lived at 41 Barrish street Two other negro boys made gt ' i their escape. Johnson will 1m? given a hearing this morning in the Juvenil" Court. Baltimore Sun. V