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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC. COTTON TRADE THE FACTOR IN DEVELOPING GASTON COUNTY That Is Rapidly Growing Greater So Will Gaston Gastonia With Its Group of Mills a Chapter in the History of Human Progress JJv WON H. nUTIJKK.) (ja -tenia, Aug. 29. To the man viio i interested in the progress of i.,,!,iMfi development a visit to Gas p. nib will 'it any time be worth "while, I,, i ilii.stonia is one of the lessons in I.irton county is not so old as some ,,f the other counties of the State, ,!;lfiii hack to 1846. but before the ..nnty was formed the neighborhood settled, 'the territory being a hot v(i..t in the revolutionary days. Just .r the edge of Gaston county the kittle of King's Mountain was fought, .,,,,1 up in Lincoln county the battle !,f Haruseur's mills. In those days the region was live )i, r than it probably was for the humlred years that followed, for r.jiston had a very conservative ex j.riiie for many a year. Then commenced that remarkable in. ve forward which has character ful so much of North Carolina, and in the move Gaston county has been j.rttty close up to the scout who is Mazing the way. County of Many Cotton Mills. H-tveen sixty and seventy cotton mills they tell me they have in the ounty. Of these the most important lot in one bunch is that at Gastonia. The first Gastonia enthusiast I fell in with was a wide-awake young man, uho broke the ice by saying that he uas Atkins, of the Gazette, and I otill understand after a short ac quaintance, that both the editor and thft paper are factors in helping along the work that is spreading Gastonia ut over the fields into the surround ing country. A live newspaper, backed by a live man, or by two of them, as is the caae in Gastonia, for there are two of the Atkinses, is hard to beat when it comes to getting a cinch on pro gress. I wish every town in the State would cut that out and paste it cn the .secretary's desk so it will not be forgotten. I am not trying to jolly the paper fallows. They are familiar with that game and it is not work. Hut I want the towns to take advan tage of their opportunity and to in crease it by profiting by their papers. I talked with Atkins a little about tlaston county and G&'stonia, and fi nally ho said, "Come around here and Lloyd, the secretary of the board if tiade." So to Lloyd I went, and I found him a young newspaper man from Pitts who had been hired by these !astonia folks to help put salt into the town's veins. We had to sit back nod talk a little about Griff Alexan der, and Rurgoyne and Chris Evans, a - . . ... nu an the 1'ittsburg newspaper Kung, and by that time we were ready to g-t confidential over Gaston coun ty. So in committee, of the whole we oted that no place on earth is quite the equal of the Tar Heel common wealth, and then we held a consul tation over Gaston county particu larly. Once a Backwoods Ttcgion. laston for a century and more was haekwoods region, living an unpre tentious life of easily satisfied content. H is not Gaston county that has made the change, but the vast changes that are going on out in the big world. It gets back to that perpetual strug gle of men to provide themselves with omforts and luxuries, and to the romance of that well-known monarch, "Id King Cotton. The pressing need for more cotton fcouds encouraged the handful of peo ple of the little town of Gastonia to '"ild a cotton mill. One- led to an 'ler, and as money was earned on in farm and in the mill and at the More the money went to make more "I11 He fore we go any farther we J'&nt as well understand what a town ? Some folks have an idea a town w a collection of men who are banded 'osether to do the farmer and the iactory hand, and grow offensively nen. .... . l'incs of Growth. , that is the wromr answer. A town f a connunity which grows together J'rosocution of business of all sorts I ne most productive and least ex tn.it n s,s- 11 is -co-operation and tnu ' "cipiui. On those lines a ...... ?rw. Innumerable influences . into its nrosnects. On of the t'fVt . f . i . - 'l "i these is n Vi'in.ir..i . e n,Vm anVi' ,,eilo,h to elp things along to V,V u MPnt enough to know where lori" when anything comes .?rT1Unity is a reat thing. But c'ltch opportunity is li e vllTab,e- So I reckon that ties ur n Who ulilid the opportuni- 1 ''"'ton COUntv ar th hic-trest fill isU,t"Uties of tne county. A water unti iucn industrial value ,rf man puts a wheel under it. A Illlildlnr littlo t , ' yars as Gastonia was a UiVfJ ,n' jVst hiS enough to be dis ere t ''V census man. Around ater fms, the enormous ' Wati er, possibilities, the enviable Wni, nd a11 that sort. Also in n, were the right sort of peo ple, and there the thing started. To day Gastonia is about the best illus tration of a budding city to be found in the South, and possibly in the whole country, for Gastonia is tack ling a transformation problem in a way I do not ever remember to have Been it taken up before. With mills building, and the town growing, and business expanding in all directions the place has prown until I would guess it has :somvhre from ten to fifteen thousand people in the c run. unity. They mav n.a all in; in tne municipal boundary, but uusmess (Off? not follow DDiuiduy lines of a town. From a small village toe city has grown up faster ihcn the people have realized, and they """"J uw.ieitu mar me vuljiio must be made over into a oitv. Miles of New Sidewalks mat means commodious school nouses, new homes, streets, sidewalks. and all those conveniences that are the reward of massing many neoDle at a common point. So all around this town you see men building miles and miles of new sidewalks, new streets, new curbing. It is not a spotted job. with a bit of walk going down in one place, and a bit in another. Gastonia has come to the place whero the new- things have to come, and the town has jumped into the water from the spring board instead of wading slow ly down, like some towns do. This thing is costing a mint of money," I suggested to Mr. Lloyd. i'Costing some money," he reolied. "but the cheerful feature about it is that the people want the work done, and the prosperity and advancement of the town enables the money to bo provided without imposing any hardships." Noticeable are the many buildings going up. The Government is start ing a new public building in the heart of the city. A new hotel is going up not far distant, steel frame construc tion. A new high school and two graded school buildings are coming. Pretentious residences in every direc- mg neds of the world will conul thf expansion of cotton milling b.st as rapidly as ha b en troine r.n .f i:t and the greater proportionate expan sion in tr xmth indit-ate that the iinure is to se still further expan sion in this action. The Southern Lnited States ns a cotton spinning sec tion has overtaken and passed the North. This section i pr-sini: ciost on Great liritain as a spinning sec tion, and in the natural order of things it will not likely be b.,ng until more cotton is used in the States that raise it than in any other countrv outside of the Tnited States. Thi a Textile State. All the siirns seem to say that North Carolina is destined to he a great tex tile center, that all the vast water power of tbe streams going down from th mountains is to bo taken into account and made the basis for a manufacturing activity that will be unsurpassed by anything in existence. We can go back to say li.SO. In 18S0 the South spun a little over throe per cent, of the cotton copr. Last year the South spun about twenty-one per cent, of the crop, or nearly seventy times as great a proportion, in spite of the fact that the crop was ' two and a half times as big. Without go ing into figures it is enough to sav that while in 1SS0 the South used about three bales of cotton where the North used fifty, the South now uses three bales while the North uses but little more than two. And the North has gone forward, but the South has gone forward so much faster that it can hardly be comprehended. In that same way the South is overtaking the English spinners. They will not be put out of business, any more than the North has been, but the South will continue to overtake the English mills, and no reason is appar ent now why the South will not in fore long pass everything. The Factor For Development. The cotton trade is the factor that is working automatically in the devel opment of Gaston county. With it are those other factors of interested en ergy on the part of the people. With nit: pruress mai nas oeen made in mill work comes progress in other lines. Gaston county is one of the pioneers in farm demonstration work, and one of the enthusiasts. While the mill is recognized as a valuable auent in advancing the county, the farm is still held to be the basis of ail sub stantial prosperity, and the people are ueierrmnea mat uaston snail be a model farm community, which means a highly prosperous communitv. The road improvement sentiment has hit the county, and the roads that have 13 is working on two spH-i.Al lin5. One i cnient sacks, on whb"h one big mill runs constantly, and another i tnl 1 cloths, woven on the intercMinc Jar Muard loom, a machine built wholly for complicated pattern wealnc Thi .-Ifcializin? is prophetic, for it -Lows that in Gaston county the v.rto n branches of texttl work are rrt.un to deveb.p. md that the mi-n- .spin ning of rotton urn has lone ceased to be the cotton industry of the State. Along about 1 was pre; arms; a l-ncthy ariiHe on iron i-ml steel "for the Titt-bur;: Tunes. I had noticed that in IhTO the production of r n was three million ton.. Ten vurs later it was ,,v r - n million, or more than double. In another ten years it had doubled (ll;ain. and whm I wrote the story n wa up to ao.ojt eighteen millions, ami I ventured h i f the production continued its in Tense as it hid been doini: we wou'd see thirty million tons in a few ,vi. I was a littb afraid to s;ro on with the increase and make the prediction. Hat eleven years saw it doubled to , . r twenty-ei;ht million tons and ther ten ears saw it doubled niMin t, almost fift -seven million ton 7ii.. ten tar period saw the production of pi"-' iron double le-ul.trlv wv -ne 1S70. liu.y Tinier Mic.nl. Now 1 have noticed that cot'.-n doubles its product, about cve;v twen ty to twenty-five years. That would bring a cron of twentv-sevt n imlh.m bales by another twelve years, or an increase of a million bales a year ov-r the biggest crop ever made. When w remember that five years ano the ero; was only ten million bales, and thar if it were not for war a fourteen million hale crop is about as small as the world can get along with we . an - e what is ahead of the cotton mill town and the cotton making counties. It is easy to see that Caston couniy farms have a market al the door for all they will raise in the next Jift years, and that the farms can increase many fold before they will supph the requisitions made on them for ivn. thing they can produce. Fifty thou sand settlers could be turned into (Jaston county tomorrow and not crowd the territory or the markets. It is also easy to see that the cotton industry of Gaston county, by its own expansive influence is going to broad en out in the same remarkable way it has been growing, because the world requires a rapidly increasing supply of cotton goods. tion show the prosperity that has come with development. Gastonia has been built recently are of the best Til K IDEAL S l' I E 1 1 1 NT EN 1 E T An become a city, and is now beginning that forward step which will make one of the thrifty and attractive cities that are characteristic of the prosperous sections of the new world. Gastonia will be a modern city, with all the new things, the water supply, electric lights, electric cars connecting various other towns, all the new features in the homes, and the new ideas that serve best in the operation of a new city. Typical In Unusual Way. As a mere city, growing along like every other city of its size and class, Gastonia., would have nothing out of the ordinary to attract attention. But Gastonia is not simply one of its kind. It is one of a kind that is peculiar to certain conditions, and those condi tions have combined just at this time to exert an influence that make Gas tonia an example of what is liable to come from other towns of the sort that Gastonia has been. Primarily it is that increasing need for cotton products all over the world. The certainty of the expansion of mill facilities leaves no doubt that Gas kind. A lartre orouortion of the new- roads are durable stone foundation with gravelly surface, and on the less important lines the sand clay method of construction has been-followed. Good Roads Plentiful. Eeadmg out of all the towns are good roads, most of them graded to a low percentage the entire distance, all of them of good width, and of good surface. These roads wind among the hills or climb over the ridges, and oc casionally they hit a few of the high spots on the mountains that begin to dot the outer parts of the county. Tourists have found out the roads of Gaston county, and a stream of travel pours out over the hills all summer long now, one direction carrying tourists to the mountain resorts farther west, the returning tide bring ing them back to their homes in the lower counties, for this system of good roads now is so complete over the State that a man may come from nearly any county east of the moun tain summits in his car, and come with comfort and speed. There was a day when the few tonia is to push ahead much farther counties of the State that had good i Utius uuasieu uml u. jiia.ii iiuui ntiei a hundred miles or twro hundred miles, than it has come. One of the most suggestive shifts o cotton milling is found in New Bed ford, Massachusetts. For a century now New Bedford was the chief cen ter of the whaling industry. Whale fishing came to a practical finish about the civil war and the old fishing town or a thousand miles or two thousand miles and so on getting bigger con stantly, from the county seat on the good roads. But that boast is of yes terday now. A man in Gaston county can set out in his car and travel in- onmnoii o torn to snmethine definitely at the present time, and iM nVtr, Tnuniifivptiirine started, when he gets back he will find that he and there on a spur of the ocean, with no more natural advantages than out on the Canary Islands, has come up one ol the big factory towns of the country. Whaling made a town of a few thousand people. When the Dlace changed to cotton milling it changed its gait, and in thirty years it has grown from 26,000 to a hundred thousand. Fall River is another Massachusetts city a few miles from can go the other way and travel still farther, for while he is gone the good roads push out over more territory un til the only man who knows the limit is the man who makes the route book for the American Automobile Associa tions. Good Koad.s Ueac-h Far. All I know is that the good roads of Gaston county go down through Mecklenburg, Cnion, etc., etc., to Cheraw. Hamlet. Raeford, Fayette- . m . if .1 nrA ;t tioc Via rl n similar -ton -tt -SPV'e. Pnainml has about Maine, probably up in to St. Johns, two-thirds of the cotton mills of the United Kingdom. Th oopulation of the city, with its suburb of Saiford, runs close toward a million people. Mills Near Fields. Gastonia starts into the manufac ture of cotton goods right at the cot ton field. Jt has the advantage that no point north of Nortn uaroima. can ever have, the proximity to the sup: ply of raw material. Civil war once cut off the supply of Manchester s cotton. General European war has threatened that supply this year. Gas tonia can not be cut off from its sup ply while a supply is made, for war f1J ' . tViat would hardly oe cuiiu v , .. . Vio nitv nnd New Brunswick, and if that is not far enough they so out to the South and west until they hit Florida and the Pacific coast, and by that time you have worn out tires and used up enough gasoline and paid enough re pair bills to be ready to come back home without hunting any farther. Gaston county is not confining its development to the crty of Gastonia. The county is building on a founda tion as broad as the county lines, and extending over a little cross the bor der. At King's Mountain, for instance, the hustling town is in both counties, and all the evidences of pounding ahead are visible there as well as at can naruiy uc i everv other ooint. rule tne Dig sec- raffe between the mnis 01 i. tion "of King's Mountain is in Cleve- the farms just outfee; innose tiiat land county it is so near Gaston that There is no.17ndturVPP of the it belongs to the family hustle, the cotton milling industry 01 Another Gaston Town. South is to make any s ow er Pro,e Bessemer is another Gaston town. WXtct and one that is of interest because it Underwood Tells What Makes Ellicieiit Railroad Oilieial. New York Times. F. D. Underwood, president of th Erie Railroad, told the American Association of Railroad Superintend ents yesterday what a real superin tendent should be. Mr. Fnderwi-od was unable to be present at the as sociation's twent -seventh annual meeting at the Hotel Cumberland, but he sent his views in a letter, which was read by the secretary, E. U. Har man of St. Eouis. "A retrospective," said Mr. Fmbr- wood. "shows me that I fell far sh t in all the essential qualifications I now attempt to portray. Even now I would like another chance on a re 1- hot division to prove I could he a better siperi tendent than I was." Here are some of the things Mr. Underwood impressed on the super intendents: A superintendent should not do physical acts that can be done by someone else. J he bawling, hauling we oldtimers did is unwise from sev eral points of view. A man who is never angry is not an efficient boss; the. spur of aner should be concealed, used but to stimulate the stroke never paraded. There are in all walks of life thoe who bluster, plead, lie, and bi b pressure from many sources. The processes used to carry their point are ingenious, plausible, and persuading. Quietly sidetrack them when .sure u are right; never willingly recede from a position that is fair. Breaking a rule or doing- some thing outside of the rules is many times an offense to be condoned, pro vided the offender has brains. His ac tion showed him fearless and perhaps expedient. There are the s efls of a good man in every rebel. Mentally pussy-footed sort of men are n- de sirable. An argufier sometirnen call ed a sea-lawyer has his uses. Never condemn a measure y.u want to kill; praise it, tell in how many times and places it would be fine, then put in the local misfit color. R. V. Taylor,, vice president of the Mobile & Ohio, spoke on "Railroad Organization," and there were many reports and discussions of a technical character. The meeting will con tinue today. Plentv of Time. Mrs. Gnaggs And just to think! You used to say you would die for me! Mr. Gnaggs Well, don't hurry me, my dear; don't hurry me. Judge. LADIES $1000 Reward cfvf'Jl Erso-Ktl .1 ntbly" Cem.un4. Saleijr reii"tes ozr oi . very iciir?st. most olAlictle abnormal casrt iD TfefM to Five Day -.iihoiit barm. paLn or Interference wVJ or. Orders filled by r:urn mail. Sicg1. Str-nr'-i Ptmfc'e Strroctfj $.09. TtsUconl-'J Book lft FRKK. Dr. N. A. Southlnftoo Krnly C KANSAS tITV. MO.