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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
The Farmer and Mechanic WEEKLY, NON-PARTISAN PAPER FOR THE HOME, FARM, SCHOOL, FACTORY AND FIRESIDE. RALEIGH, N. C. Communications in Agricultural Topics and Que.-tions Relating to Labor and Education in vited. THE FARMER AND MECHANIC. Ralteigh, N. C. Entered at the postcmce at Raleigh, X. C. as vond-elass mail matter. ALL FOR $1.70 There has never been offered In North Carolina so much good reading for so little money as we are offering under the following proposition: Fcr $1.70 we will send the following ior one year: The Weekly New3 and Observer, an eight-page weekly newspaper. The Commoner, an able monthly journal, pub lished by William Jennings Bryan. The Farmer and Mechanic, sixteen page North Carolina home and farm weekly journal. Thus for One Dollar and Seventy Cents you ean get all the papers one year. V. C. MOORE, Manager. TIJKSDAY SepU-mbcr 15, 1914 TIME FOK DOING THINGS. Mo rning Toni 1C ( Ed ward Garrett.) YOUTH Is the time for beginning. The storehouse of life stands wide open, for the treasures to be garnered therein. o F course, we'll talk alnnit the war that i can't he helped, by jings; for that Is what we're living for, to talk of Vital Things. We'll lalk until our throats are hoarse, we'll jabber day by day, but let us, In our brave discourse, be trvful what we say. Why sit upon the grocer's bench, or stand rAKI-'.rMi TALK, along the curbs, and roast the Germans or the French, I he Austrian or Serbs? The justice of each lint ion's cause can't settled be by you, bo you'd be wise to shelve your jaws, rnd cease your howdy do. The feeling now Is too intense; why make It doubly deep? rTwere better far to paint your fence, or else dehorn your sheep. This combat gives my soul a wrench, and starts tho scalding brine; fm I have friends among I ho French, and German friends are mine; mid there are Britishers 1 love, and Russians I admire, and, oh, 1 hate to see 'them shove each oUier in the lire! How I look forward to the lay God grant it soon may come when all of them will cease to slay and sound the mar tial drum. And meanwhile I can do no good by springing foolih talk, so I shall saw my pile of wood and get my corn iu shock. The power that ought to win in the great European conflict is the principles of humanity. If they prevail the war will soon be at an end. The Colonel has come South and gone back, nd In November wo shall find that the South Ta as solid as ever, no matter what the Colonel may have paid or done about it. The Richmond News-Leader says with more or less of recklessness that no matter whether Sherman said it or not, it is true anywaj-. And yet there are no two persons agreed on a defini tion of what Sherman said, or is reported to have paid, war is. North Carolina public sentiment is crystaliz in? around two supreme aims the adoption cf tho Constitutional Amendments and the passage by the Legislature of a legalized State-wide pri mary. These two forward moves will certainly be taken by the State, the outlook is now. History will give the Belgians a large share of the glory of the present great war in Eu rope. They save tho Germans the resistance that probably kept them out of Paris, and now that tho Germans are getting- out of France the plucky Belgians are there to speed the parting guest. New York trial municipal markets are prov ing so successful that it is said they will be made permanent. They have lowered fruits and vegetables for the millions of the Greater City and the example that New York has set in thla connection is full of suggestiveness for other cities where the cost of living pinches and this means all of thu. BACK TO SCHOOL. America is a country of .men, red-blooued men with common sense and business enterprise. It is a country in which there has been no hes itancy in going up h gainst big propositions. The past is char in the record that we are a people unafraid. It is this same unaf raidncss which is being shown by the men of grit in this country right now wli-ii the shock of buttles in Europe has had its effect on the business of this country. They are facing all that is threatened with American confidence that we have the ability in this country to meet great odds and come off the victor. They are optimistic because they have faith in what our country can do and be cause uf its unbounded resources. The lead they set should animate every in terest in this country. Out of all this haze of doubt about us now the far-sighted are seeing a greater America grow, and mn outside of America see this with a clear vision. Sir George Paish, editor of the Statist, of London, than whom perhaps there is no higher economic au thority living, in discussing the economic phase of the war in Europe says: "A great war in Europe will probably bring economic advantages to the United States. It will enable it to sell its great crops in places which will give a much greater income than if there was no war. "Almost every industry will derive more or less advantage. American investors and bank ers should get in much profit from the ability to buy back from Europe great quantities of securities at attractive prices in payment for the foodstuffs and raw material exported from the United States. "The United States can become, as it has this week, the world's greatest market for capital. "For the United States to gain benefit from the position as the wealthiest nation in the world it is essential that American investors should not only have confidence in the future of their own country, but also believe that, war or no war, the world will continue to progress. "In brief, a great war in Europe will give the United States an opportunity of assuming the post of wTorld banker by supplying capital freely to countries and individuals in all parts of the globe who need it and can provide the required security. Should the American people take advantage of the golden opportunity H?orded them by the outbreak of war, it will mean, not diminished, but Increased prosperity for the United States." That's an outside view which should stiffen up the backbone of our business men. And it is a view which says directly to the men of the South that they must not get faint-hearted about our cotton crop, but that they must pro tect it, and hold it up, till the hand of the war in Europe is taken from off the throat of this great product. Cotton is a commodity, a re source, a financial asset, a necessity for the world, which cannot be kept from coming into its own. Confidence! That's the need. Well says the Manufacturers' Record : "Now is the time for the real men of this country to show their faith in themselves and in the coun try and in our business possibilities." Xhat's the spirit which we urge. And most heartily we commend the position taken by the Manufac turers' Record, and pass on to others its exhor tation as it emphasizes the need that our people have faith in themselves, and declares: "The faint-hearted, affrighted by shadows, rush to cancel orders. They are afraid of themselves and of their ability to win victory from disadvantages. They become burden shirkers at the first moment possible. If every body followed their lead, the country would go tobogganing down to ruin headlong. "BUT "There are other red-blooded men and red blooded corporations that are not. frightened by every storm. They stand by their contracts to the utmost limit of ability, even if to do so does involve temporary loss. They are builders, up builders, burden bearers, and they save the country and themselves by their backbone and courage. "This is a time for doing things a time to run up your flag instead of hauling it down a time to get your share of all the business going a time to let the world know you are not frightened out of your boots, and that you are in business to stay." That's talk with the right ring to it. Ameri can business must let the world know that it is not "gun shy," that it is not running away faint-heartedlS" because there is difficulty facing it. Not a bit of that. We are going right ahead, and we are going to be masters of these things which beset us now. We are not going to let the war in Europe master us, or our great business life. Billy Sunday in an interview at Denver de clared that Philadelphia is the most Christian eity on the continent. Good for the city of brotherly love! It is going right up the line. It used to be best known as the city that was "corrupt and contented." The "Back to School and College' mo?v-.tt has begun in good earnest and North Caro!i:..i is engaging in this in great shape, it is best kind of movement, and those engaged in t should be the motive force of every parent i this State. Education: We have got to have this r . : and more in North Carolina. We must , t away from any reproach of illiteracy which r..-w is a hurt to us. As a people we haw ti means to see to it that all the children of t?.- State are educated, and we must not h si:, j to use these means. The reports from the .State are that im schools and colleges w hich have already . ,j for the fall session are doing so to increas i numbers of students. That is a line thine f r the progress of this State. It means that v.,.. cannot be kept behind in th procession f progress of the States. Back to the schools and colleges. The . . 1 is to every home where there is a boy or a Kir?. That fs the movement which leads all others ;n North Carolina. Our greatest asset is the yo-jth of our State. The greatest thing which we , ,,n do for it is to see that it is in the schools .n. I colleges. On with the cause of education. Under that flag the State will win victory af' r victory. PAY BACK THE COTTON TAX, i Uarvie Jordan thinks that this is the time fur the Federal government to pay back the cotton tax that it levied on the cotton growers of the. South in the years immediately succeeding the War Between the States. That tax should paid back whether the cotton farmers of tho South and those who do business with tlo i i were in danger of distress or not. But th. re is all the more reason under existing circum stances why this tax should be paid back. There was sixty-six millions of this tx money, and if it could come into the South ,t this time as the nucleus of a crop-holding fund the government would simply be discharging ;i simple and obvious duty to the Southern State. There seems to be some uncertainty as to how far the government can go in relieving tho South in the emergency which the war in Eu rope has forced upon it, but the suggestion offered by Mr. Jordan is clear-cut and simple. It is simply a question of the government de ciding to right a wroig. It is about to pay Colombia twenty-five millions because oC the dissatisfaction of that country resultinTrom the manner in which the United States acquired the Panama Canal strip, and in that it has the approval of the people. It could pay back this cotton tax, admittedly unconstitutional as it K with the same grace that it. proposes to squaia its account with Colombia. Mr. Ilarvie's plea is timely and to our mind unanswerable. An American who has been traveling in R. sia reports a great change in the feeling of th Russian people, resulting from a more liberal attitude of the government. The cause of de mocracy has made progress everywhere, even in places where it is supposed to be under strict est repression. The news of the blessings that it spreads cannot be so censored that it doe not reach and enlighten the oppressed in all countries. All of Christendom will rejoice to know that President Wilson is sounding Emperor William to know if he is willing to consider peace plans. Nobody who had followed the career of the President supposed that, If expediency in any way justified, he would fail to take occasion to put in a word for peace. The war was unneces sary to begin with and its continuance is equally unnecessary. The countries of Europe have no differences that cannot be fought out in o tri bunal of arbitration. The Philadelphia public school authorities ar carrying the neutrality idea to the limit when they give orders to teach no geographv of countries within the war zone. No better thai than now to teach the geography of the warring countries of Europe. For the presentation of facta m a vivid way there are facts now that, at is hoped, will not be available again. Popular intannoTsaid to be kn in the matter of the Constitutional Amend ments. But the fact of the matter is that the benefits that will flow from the adoption of the amendments are so apparent that there is room for little difference of opinion. Tho people are not agitated over the amendments for the reason that they are convinced that they met t?ei!f vnd we worthy of their full support. It Vouhi b a big mistake, a setback to progre thatlt would take year to overcome, to fell f aaopt the amendments.