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FAIRFAX HARRISON AND JOSEPH H. YOUNG BOOMERS FOR THE STATE These Two Railroad Presidents Potent Factors in Caro lina Development Impressing Every Force For Country in Which Their Lines Lie it At the dinner given by the Kaleigh Chamber of Commerce a couple of weeks ago it was my good fortune. to le located in a bunch of rcilroad men. My next neighbor on one side was Fairfax Harrison, president of the Southern Hailway, and beyond him was J. H. Young, of the Norfolk Sou thern. On the other tide 1 touched elbows with M. V. Richards, one of the greatest boomers of the South ever turned loose and adjoining him was John T. West, a Seaboard busi ness getter. That Kaleigh appreciates these men was manifest by the fact that they were assembled by the Chamber of Commerce to discuss railroad affairs with the leading men of the city. Yet I am bld enough to say that in neith er city, state or nation, are they ap preciated as they should be. Had I leen arranging the order of the ad dresses I woi y have started with Mr. West, who j oke more generally of the railroad, saying a deserved word for the Seaboard. Then I would have followed with Mr. Spruill because he intoduced a specific possibility in a new road which, with little enort, would bring the CoaM L.ine into Ral eigh. From him I would go to Mr. Young, who brought in the part the Norfolk Southern is laying out for it self in the State. Next on my schedule would come Mr. Richards, that old major-general of the new army of invasion, for he spreads over a globe in his campaign, and I would cap the affair with Mr. Harrison, a giant in the work of Southern industrial life and development. It was the first time I had ever seen Mr. Harrison. Hut it did not take five minutes to realize that I was talking with one of the big men of the country. In that five minutes we had put in about four minutes and say fifty seconds talking shop, talk ing about the great Southern rail road system, an instrument that holds in its care much of the future of that portion of the country below the Po tomac and the Ohio rivers. A Dinner That Fascinated. That Raleigh dinner was a fascinat ing romance to me. I was captured at the first sight of the geniai railroad man next me, and his thoroughly de mocratic style and the enormous power that he wields in the most un assuming manner, gave me a sug gestion as to the marvel ot the human character. In a way we grew chum my over the ambition of this man to make the Southern a greater factor in the world's work, and he excited my sympathy with his plans until the Southern will be a wholly different thing from now on. It will be a character in a big romance in which I wilt be a partisan on the side of the hero, which will be the great railroad itself. From now on 1 will watch from day to day the unfold ing of the plans for the expansion of this system, partly because it is the dream and the ambition of my friend of a couple of hours, and partly be cause the plan itself is compelling when once it is made to live by the explanation of a man who has it laid out as the creation of his ambition. What a gigantic task this ma has Imposed on himself. He figures on making the Southern a double track road from Washington to Atlanta. Five years he gives himself to do the Work. Perhaps you do not realize what this man is planning for all of us. He is planning for the Southern Railway first of all. or he thinks he is. Hut he is not. He is planning for the pleasure of Fairfax Harrison, Just as any big man who does any big thing is planning for the unmeasur able satisfaction that ccmes from achievement. Mr. Harrison finds a joy in achievement. . Otherwise he could not d what he has outlined for himself. He is planning for himself, not for his financial gain, but for the infinite reward that comes from do ing. He is planning for the Southern and more than all, although he may not confess it, he is planning for North Carolina, for the whole South, for the whole United States, for the whole civilized world. Oh. yes, I was impressed with Mr. Harrison. Double-Tracking: ItaUrond. It us see. His proposition is to double-track the Southern from Washington to Atlanta. ! am not a raihoad man, but it seems to me that a double track railroad will handle more than twice the traffic possible with a single track road, for on a double track cars can move each way without interruption. On a single track road nearly every train is held back more or less by the delav in passing. Hut. whether absolutely cor rect or not in theory, suppose we as sume that a double track road will handle twice the business a single track road "will handle. Then in five years Mr. Harrison hopes to add to the Southern an efficiency as great as it has attained in the entire life time of the systems of which it has been created. In other words he is work ing to make the Southern road worth just about twice as much in it? service to the country as it has of its existence. We will understand become in all the m its debts, it can borrow money. No, the dividend is not a big- item on a railroad. It is the smallest factor. The railroads are earning now some thing like three thousand million dol lars a year. If the stockholders who own the vast railroad property of the country can get out of that enormous earning one dollar in ten they are very clad to let the other nine go to operating and otner ex- the the pay and absolute necessity of transportation facilities. The constant need is for greater abili ty on the part of the railroads to move the products of the country. If a double track road can move twice as much as a single track road, it is apparent that building a double track is the same as building a new rail road. Probably it is better, for it gives a better organized service at less cost. Huilding a new Toad means building all the new stations, hiring all the new force, doubling all the items of cost, and serving in a crude form. Double tracking" merns getting away from crude methods, taking ad vantage of bigger unit of operation, and attaining a greater efficiency. Double-tracking from Atlanta to Washington Is an expression. It means the outlay of a lot of millions of dol lars. As we talked about the rail road Mr. Harrison told me that be fore the financial sky clouded he had been fortunate enough to borrow twenty million dollars for improve ments. Twenty millions looks like a big hatful of money, but here is a man whose concern earns something like that amount every four months. Over a million dollars a week we are paying Mr. Harrison's read to haul things for us, and mighty glad that he is equipped to haul what that amount is earning represents. Buying on a Ixw Market. Borrowing twenty millions" made it possible for him to have easy money in the treasury, and he is using it now to ouy new cars wren cars are cheaper than they will be later on, ana io ouy new engines vnen engines are cheaper than they will 'be later on, ana to Keep snops running at a time when it is good for the country that shops may run. He secured the big Sum of money in time to keep work moving on the double track job at a time when it is good to have work going on. Part of the road between Charlotte and Greensboro is already double track. On the rest of the line to wasnington tne curt win ny lor a year or two. On the Atlanta end things will be busy in the next four or hve years. Plans are worked out for much work on the lines that go west into Tennessee from Greensboro and Salisbury' and Charlotte. While other sections are complain ing of business dullness the territory of the main line of the Southern will De iua or tne lire tnat loiiows new construction. Shops that sell cars will be running on the orders from the Southern. Locomotive works will be earning the money of the Southern. Instead of stopping activity the line of the Southern will be increasing it, of the Southern will be increasing it, and will be turning out money every pay day. So much for the immediate results. iseyona mat is a vastly greater in fluence. Since Columbus first set foot i on the shores of the United States the transportation facilities of the new world have been inadequate. At the present time the railroads of the unitea states employ an army ot a million and three-quarters of men. and pay that army a hundred million dollars a month for moving the traffic. The enormous traffic that is carried on the railroads of the Unit ed States, taking the average for a year, amounts to nearly a hundred and fifty thousand passengers for every mile of road, and a million tons of freight for every mile of road. Prob ably no living man except the people who have to keep track of railroad business have any idea of the vastness of the railroad work in the country. If you stake off a mile of railroad, and stand people up side by side so el bows touch, you will hive about thir ty rows of people there in the mile if you include the number carried on the average mile of rainroad in the year. And if the people had with them the freight carried by the roads every fellow would have close to seven tons. That is what the rail roads are doing. The Biggest Industrial KvetiC I presume the double tracking of the Southern railroad is the most im portant event that is outlined for the South. You talk abflut war, but for get war and just for a minute think what would happen if the railroads of this country were to stop business. In the blizzard of 1888 in New York and Pennsylvania traffic was -interrupted for about a week, and in that time famine almost got some of the towns. The railroads of this country must de liver about five million tons of freight every day or the business of the coun try will be hopelessly tangled up. Fairfax Harrison is playing the game. You may think he is figuring to make money ior nis company. In cidentally he is, but he is figuring to make money for tnis reason. If the Southern earns enough money to pay it operating enarges, us taxes, its maintenance, the interest charges and dividends, ami twws a MUe Wt to pay paying the penses. The thousands of millions that railroads earn do not go to pay dividends on the stocks, but to the men who work on the roads. who build the equipment and furnish the supplies, and so on down through a long line of helpers of one sort or another all over the whole country. Fairfax Harrison is after dividends for his stockholders, of course, but he knows that before he gets any money for them he must get ten times as much for other expenses. He must keep up the credit of his road so he can oorrow money ana oe auie io pay the debt at maturity and interest meanwhile. A Tussel With Growing Sooth. He borrows money to increase the capacity of the railroad. He nuys more cars, more engines, more equip ment of all sorts, and double tracks his road because he wants to see in the next five years a railroad system that can handle the swiftly growing traffic of the South. This man is putting his administrative skill in a big play against the expansive forces of the South. He is going to play a neck and neck game, and if he wins he loses, for he cannot build a road that will be big enough to turn his back on. If he gets the double track finished by the end of the five years the mere building of that double track wrill fill his hands fuller by the end of that time. Increased facilities for doing business will encourage business along the line of the South ern, and the increasing business will crowd the two tracks just as it has been crowding the single track in the past. Fairfax Harrison is doing far more than trying to earn for his stockhold ers a dividend on their investment. He is earning for his army of employes money to pay their wages. He is fierurinsr that they shall live in that little town called Prosperity next year as well as tnis year, rie is pounaing away that millions of dollars shall be scattered all over the South in the days ahead of us in the transaction of the business that is created by the op eration of his big enterprise. But all this is merely incidental alongside of the prixe motive which he is struggling to keep tip with. Fairfax Harrison knows that if he does not crowd ahead with his road in three years it will be. antiquated. There is not a railroad in the United States that will answer the require ments of its territory unless every nerve is constantly strained to ex pand the facilities of that road. The bigger the road the bigger the re quirements. The roads of the South have imposed on them bigger tasks than most roads, for the South is de veloping faster than most parts of the country. On the Southern, which is the biggest road of the South, is the biggest burden in the South, for it must measure up to the require ments of a bigger business. What Harrison Is After. What the president of the Southern Railroad is working at is to bring his road up to the needs of the day as fast as the new day unfolds, and he knows what he must accomplish. I was attracted to this man bv two forces. One is his winsome tKrsonali- ty. The other his intelligent attitude toward the big job he has on his hands. That job did not appeal to me as one having the stockholders in the principal point of view. Rathpr T ooked on him as the agent who un dertakes to make it possible for tn Southern States to keen ud their ex pansion in the days that are ahead as they have been doing in tne Immedi ate past. North Carolina is ceasing to be a single track State. The Seaboard and the Coast Line have also di srnvprprt the necessities, and both these mnk have planned for big work in double- tracking, and both have their plans worked out, and both have rlmihic track work goincr on. This is tho next move that must be made in North Carolina, The big roads can not handle the traffic of the tprritnrv on one track any longer. They will not have double track ready a minute before it is absolutely imperative, and if the experience of railroad building in the past is any criterion thev win not be ready by the time they ought to oe, ior a raiiroaa must all the time keep away ahead of the game in or der to be up with it when the de mands are made. Fairfax Harrison at the Raleigh dinner declared his purpose to keep his road moving toward the point which it must hold in order to care for the business of the South, a con dition that is imperative if the South is to grow and prosper as it is figuring now on doing. This declaration says two things. That the railroad ees the continuation of the marvelous ad vancement of the South, and that it will be ready for that advancement. There is no better witness on earth than a railroad. It will never admit a coming prosperity unless that com ing is certain, for to admit such a thing is to spend money nrnar;n a railroad goes on r.vrf prosperity you mav h. prosperity clearly, about making se rious mistakes. Recause of its servatism it will not go far ur.h is pushed. Double Tracks Nccc!-) It looks now as if within tV., five years the three big roads'..' South Atlantic States will have track through North Carolina, will have double tracks beea:. that time double tracks will physical necessity. They art h . : double tracks because tht-v what is ahead of the State", a?, cause to encourage the dev.-h.; of the State is the best possihl.-' ness policy. I think it is a sat, position to assert that North Car may with reason expect the S.. the Seaboard and the Coast I do more in the next live years the upbuilding of the State th.,! uuici miiueii'e in 11. I nis v t i aho include the Norfolk South r. hile it is more of a local i will be a most vigorous fa to nringmg us territory into pui.'u tice. I came away from that im with a new line on the men u h, i uniting ine rauroaus tnat ti North Carolina. I could see while they are incidentally w . iui men sioi twioiuers mey are i 1 V in tli nmnlnv of K .- he, Fairfax Harrison and J. . the two railroad presidents who meie, aie iwo men wno are . . every lorce ior tne service t country their lines lie in. ami b t force of necessity they are sini' the limit to provide everything es. tial to the business of their entire ritory. When Mr. Harrison borrows tei million dollars to improve the su. !. i r - : i.. r k , i engii -. t. Km ern Railway he is doing what township or the county does w b. i borrows money to make a better n except that on the county n a! must provide our own vehicles handle our own traffic. On the r;: road the traffic is carried on v hi. ! provided for the purpose by men . l: ployed to do the work, ami it is , at less cost than we can do it ..u u wagon road. Do you see it? Fairfax Harris and Joseph H. Y'oung are twn . f ri had, and they could not be arm else if they wanted to, which tb not. Vt T hi I::' THK 1WKIS BAIUFS. How They Are Reing Taken Care of In Time of War. Paris correspondence New Ye? it Evening Post. While the fatheis are off on lie frontier and the mothers are loo1 w. for work, the problem of taking c:.r-i of the babies grows. So new mnnr ies and creches have been start The Geographical Society in ! a: s has given the use of its hamis.re building on the Boulevard St. ;.: main for this purpose. Women h;.wi volunteered their services, and zl children, of from 2 to 10 years. ;u being put up there. A little room which used to s-r as cloakroom for the servants h..i been transformed into a dining room The great hall, w'here Peary have recounted where Jules Iamaitre Rousseau and Donnay serving as a play room while times last. Under the severe ';. Bougainville and l,a Pcrouse. uh. guard the entrance gate, the . niieiien play ball. An . immense geological maj. f France startles the youngsters with :m loud colors. Another big map has a ? a. ... iiagpins siuck in it to show the posi tion of the armies. Thus these inno cent eyes learn to recognized the burr ed towns and5the valleys filled v'.h Amundsen and their viav'. has talked n on Molicre. is the had f thoa- taught vwipj-H. a ne neroism o fall is tl f first lesson children. The sleeping room is one flight up. Twenty-two little white beds, ?.-, r each a chair, towel drying n back of the chair, a tiny outfit clothing, a pair of small shoes und r the bed. Two large windows open n the boulevard. jt one wall is a statue inten ei Id tri atrnisj KeoKraonv. Me norns .i globe in one hand, and there are r;. of light on her brow. I The voungst' r naturally enough, mistake her f r i la Holy Virgian, and ask her to s r d their prayers on to Cnd. one he;. them prayintr like this: "Dear God, take cate of our pa and let us sec them again soon. Hear the prayer of your little ones ho You and beseech You with all their hearts. And make it so." Then a particularly small on, v hot bed is under the imposing bed relief of Mont Blanc, protests indignanth "And my uncle, isn't anvbodv g i.. to pray for him?" They admit the justice i.f that i - mand and add to their oravef )1 relations of every sort. it. If forecasting sure it wes that for it is backward Hard to Fx plain. New York Times. t Cummings and Weisner were ness rivals. One dav at the clul rell to talking. ou carry any life insurance queried Cummings. ies, was the answer, "I $10,000." "Made payable to your wife?" Cummings, "Yes," faid Weisner. "Well," asked dimming?, kind of an excuse do you poll your wife for living?" th -J ha k-1 "v, n.it eff " Montana and Tdaho have a hour day for working womtn.