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The farmer and mechanic. [volume] (Raleigh, N.C.) 18??-19??, October 06, 1914, Image 6

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These Two Railroad Presidents Potent Factors in Caro
lina Development Impressing Every Force For
Country in Which Their Lines Lie
At the dinner given by the Kaleigh
Chamber of Commerce a couple of
weeks ago it was my good fortune. to
le located in a bunch of rcilroad men.
My next neighbor on one side was
Fairfax Harrison, president of the
Southern Hailway, and beyond him
was J. H. Young, of the Norfolk Sou
thern. On the other tide 1 touched
elbows with M. V. Richards, one of
the greatest boomers of the South
ever turned loose and adjoining him
was John T. West, a Seaboard busi
ness getter.
That Kaleigh appreciates these men
was manifest by the fact that they
were assembled by the Chamber of
Commerce to discuss railroad affairs
with the leading men of the city. Yet
I am bld enough to say that in neith
er city, state or nation, are they ap
preciated as they should be. Had I
leen arranging the order of the ad
dresses I woi y have started with Mr.
West, who j oke more generally of
the railroad, saying a deserved word
for the Seaboard. Then I would have
followed with Mr. Spruill because he
intoduced a specific possibility in a
new road which, with little enort,
would bring the CoaM L.ine into Ral
eigh. From him I would go to Mr.
Young, who brought in the part the
Norfolk Southern is laying out for it
self in the State. Next on my schedule
would come Mr. Richards, that old
major-general of the new army of
invasion, for he spreads over a globe
in his campaign, and I would cap the
affair with Mr. Harrison, a giant in
the work of Southern industrial life
and development.
It was the first time I had ever
seen Mr. Harrison. Hut it did not
take five minutes to realize that I
was talking with one of the big men
of the country. In that five minutes
we had put in about four minutes and
say fifty seconds talking shop, talk
ing about the great Southern rail
road system, an instrument that holds
in its care much of the future of that
portion of the country below the Po
tomac and the Ohio rivers.
A Dinner That Fascinated.
That Raleigh dinner was a fascinat
ing romance to me. I was captured at
the first sight of the geniai railroad
man next me, and his thoroughly de
mocratic style and the enormous
power that he wields in the most un
assuming manner, gave me a sug
gestion as to the marvel ot the human
character. In a way we grew chum
my over the ambition of this man to
make the Southern a greater factor
in the world's work, and he excited my
sympathy with his plans until the
Southern will be a wholly different
thing from now on. It will be a
character in a big romance in which
I wilt be a partisan on the side of
the hero, which will be the great
railroad itself. From now on 1 will
watch from day to day the unfold
ing of the plans for the expansion of
this system, partly because it is the
dream and the ambition of my friend
of a couple of hours, and partly be
cause the plan itself is compelling
when once it is made to live by the
explanation of a man who has it laid
out as the creation of his ambition.
What a gigantic task this ma has
Imposed on himself. He figures on
making the Southern a double track
road from Washington to Atlanta.
Five years he gives himself to do the
Work. Perhaps you do not realize
what this man is planning for all of
us. He is planning for the Southern
Railway first of all. or he thinks he
is. Hut he is not. He is planning for
the pleasure of Fairfax Harrison,
Just as any big man who does any big
thing is planning for the unmeasur
able satisfaction that ccmes from
achievement. Mr. Harrison finds a
joy in achievement. . Otherwise he
could not d what he has outlined for
himself. He is planning for himself,
not for his financial gain, but for the
infinite reward that comes from do
ing. He is planning for the Southern
and more than all, although he may
not confess it, he is planning for
North Carolina, for the whole South,
for the whole United States, for the
whole civilized world. Oh. yes, I was
impressed with Mr. Harrison.
Double-Tracking: ItaUrond.
It us see. His proposition is to
double-track the Southern from
Washington to Atlanta. ! am not a
raihoad man, but it seems to me that
a double track railroad will handle
more than twice the traffic possible
with a single track road, for on a
double track cars can move each way
without interruption. On a single
track road nearly every train is held
back more or less by the delav in
passing. Hut. whether absolutely cor
rect or not in theory, suppose we as
sume that a double track road will
handle twice the business a single
track road "will handle. Then in five
years Mr. Harrison hopes to add to
the Southern an efficiency as great as
it has attained in the entire life time
of the systems of which it has been
created. In other words he is work
ing to make the Southern road worth
just about twice as much in it? service
to the country as it has
of its existence.
We will understand
become in all
debts, it can borrow money. No,
the dividend is not a big- item on a
railroad. It is the smallest factor.
The railroads are earning now some
thing like three thousand million dol
lars a year. If the stockholders who
own the vast railroad property of the
country can get out of that enormous
earning one dollar in ten they are
very clad to let the other nine go to
operating and otner ex-
necessity of transportation facilities.
The constant need is for greater abili
ty on the part of the railroads to
move the products of the country. If
a double track road can move twice
as much as a single track road, it is
apparent that building a double track
is the same as building a new rail
road. Probably it is better, for it
gives a better organized service at less
cost. Huilding a new Toad means
building all the new stations, hiring
all the new force, doubling all the
items of cost, and serving in a crude
form. Double tracking" merns getting
away from crude methods, taking ad
vantage of bigger unit of operation,
and attaining a greater efficiency.
Double-tracking from Atlanta to
Washington Is an expression. It means
the outlay of a lot of millions of dol
lars. As we talked about the rail
road Mr. Harrison told me that be
fore the financial sky clouded he had
been fortunate enough to borrow
twenty million dollars for improve
ments. Twenty millions looks like a
big hatful of money, but here is a
man whose concern earns something
like that amount every four months.
Over a million dollars a week we are
paying Mr. Harrison's read to haul
things for us, and mighty glad that he
is equipped to haul what that amount
is earning represents.
Buying on a Ixw Market.
Borrowing twenty millions" made it
possible for him to have easy money
in the treasury, and he is using it
now to ouy new cars wren cars are
cheaper than they will be later on,
ana io ouy new engines vnen engines
are cheaper than they will 'be later
on, ana to Keep snops running at a
time when it is good for the country
that shops may run. He secured the
big Sum of money in time to keep
work moving on the double track job
at a time when it is good to have
work going on.
Part of the road between Charlotte
and Greensboro is already double
track. On the rest of the line to
wasnington tne curt win ny lor a
year or two. On the Atlanta end
things will be busy in the next four
or hve years. Plans are worked out
for much work on the lines that go
west into Tennessee from Greensboro
and Salisbury' and Charlotte.
While other sections are complain
ing of business dullness the territory
of the main line of the Southern will
De iua or tne lire tnat loiiows new
construction. Shops that sell cars
will be running on the orders from
the Southern. Locomotive works will
be earning the money of the Southern.
Instead of stopping activity the line
of the Southern will be increasing it,
of the Southern will be increasing it,
and will be turning out money every
pay day. So much for the immediate
iseyona mat is a vastly greater in
fluence. Since Columbus first set foot i
on the shores of the United States the
transportation facilities of the new
world have been inadequate. At the
present time the railroads of the
unitea states employ an army ot a
million and three-quarters of men.
and pay that army a hundred
million dollars a month for moving
the traffic. The enormous traffic that
is carried on the railroads of the Unit
ed States, taking the average for a
year, amounts to nearly a hundred and
fifty thousand passengers for every
mile of road, and a million tons of
freight for every mile of road. Prob
ably no living man except the people
who have to keep track of railroad
business have any idea of the vastness
of the railroad work in the country.
If you stake off a mile of railroad, and
stand people up side by side so el
bows touch, you will hive about thir
ty rows of people there in the mile if
you include the number carried on
the average mile of rainroad in the
year. And if the people had with
them the freight carried by the roads
every fellow would have close to
seven tons. That is what the rail
roads are doing.
The Biggest Industrial KvetiC
I presume the double tracking of
the Southern railroad is the most im
portant event that is outlined for the
South. You talk abflut war, but for
get war and just for a minute think
what would happen if the railroads of
this country were to stop business. In
the blizzard of 1888 in New York and
Pennsylvania traffic was -interrupted
for about a week, and in that time
famine almost got some of the towns.
The railroads of this country must de
liver about five million tons of freight
every day or the business of the coun
try will be hopelessly tangled up.
Fairfax Harrison is playing the
game. You may think he is figuring
to make money ior nis company. In
cidentally he is, but he is figuring to
make money for tnis reason. If the
Southern earns enough money to pay
it operating enarges, us taxes, its
maintenance, the interest charges and
dividends, ami twws a MUe Wt to pay
paying the
The thousands of millions that
railroads earn do not go to pay
dividends on the stocks, but to
the men who work on the roads.
who build the equipment and furnish
the supplies, and so on down through
a long line of helpers of one sort or
another all over the whole country.
Fairfax Harrison is after dividends
for his stockholders, of course, but
he knows that before he gets any
money for them he must get ten times
as much for other expenses. He must
keep up the credit of his road so he
can oorrow money ana oe auie io
pay the debt at maturity and interest
A Tussel With Growing Sooth.
He borrows money to increase the
capacity of the railroad. He nuys
more cars, more engines, more equip
ment of all sorts, and double tracks
his road because he wants to see in
the next five years a railroad system
that can handle the swiftly growing
traffic of the South. This man is
putting his administrative skill in a
big play against the expansive forces
of the South. He is going to play a
neck and neck game, and if he wins
he loses, for he cannot build a road
that will be big enough to turn his
back on. If he gets the double track
finished by the end of the five years
the mere building of that double
track wrill fill his hands fuller by the
end of that time. Increased facilities
for doing business will encourage
business along the line of the South
ern, and the increasing business will
crowd the two tracks just as it has
been crowding the single track in the
Fairfax Harrison is doing far more
than trying to earn for his stockhold
ers a dividend on their investment. He
is earning for his army of employes
money to pay their wages. He is
fierurinsr that they shall live in that
little town called Prosperity next year
as well as tnis year, rie is pounaing
away that millions of dollars shall be
scattered all over the South in the
days ahead of us in the transaction of
the business that is created by the op
eration of his big enterprise.
But all this is merely incidental
alongside of the prixe motive which
he is struggling to keep tip with.
Fairfax Harrison knows that if he
does not crowd ahead with his road
in three years it will be. antiquated.
There is not a railroad in the United
States that will answer the require
ments of its territory unless every
nerve is constantly strained to ex
pand the facilities of that road. The
bigger the road the bigger the re
quirements. The roads of the South
have imposed on them bigger tasks
than most roads, for the South is de
veloping faster than most parts of
the country. On the Southern, which
is the biggest road of the South, is
the biggest burden in the South, for
it must measure up to the require
ments of a bigger business.
What Harrison Is After.
What the president of the Southern
Railroad is working at is to bring his
road up to the needs of the day as
fast as the new day unfolds, and he
knows what he must accomplish. I
was attracted to this man bv two
forces. One is his winsome tKrsonali-
ty. The other his intelligent attitude
toward the big job he has on his
hands. That job did not appeal to
me as one having the stockholders in
the principal point of view. Rathpr T
ooked on him as the agent who un
dertakes to make it possible for tn
Southern States to keen ud their ex
pansion in the days that are ahead as
they have been doing in tne Immedi
ate past.
North Carolina is ceasing to be a
single track State. The Seaboard and
the Coast Line have also di srnvprprt
the necessities, and both these mnk
have planned for big work in double-
tracking, and both have their plans
worked out, and both have rlmihic
track work goincr on. This is tho
next move that must be made in
North Carolina, The big roads can
not handle the traffic of the tprritnrv
on one track any longer. They will
not have double track ready a minute
before it is absolutely imperative, and
if the experience of railroad building
in the past is any criterion thev win
not be ready by the time they ought
to oe, ior a raiiroaa must all the time
keep away ahead of the game in or
der to be up with it when the de
mands are made.
Fairfax Harrison at the Raleigh
dinner declared his purpose to keep
his road moving toward the point
which it must hold in order to care
for the business of the South, a con
dition that is imperative if the South
is to grow and prosper as it is figuring
now on doing. This declaration says
two things. That the railroad ees
the continuation of the marvelous ad
vancement of the South, and that it
will be ready for that advancement.
There is no better witness on earth
than a railroad. It will never admit
a coming prosperity unless that com
ing is certain, for to admit such a
thing is to spend money nrnar;n
a railroad goes on r.vrf
prosperity you mav h.
prosperity clearly,
about making se
rious mistakes. Recause of its
servatism it will not go far ur.h
is pushed.
Double Tracks Nccc!-)
It looks now as if within tV.,
five years the three big roads'..'
South Atlantic States will have
track through North Carolina,
will have double tracks beea:.
that time double tracks will
physical necessity. They art h . :
double tracks because tht-v
what is ahead of the State", a?,
cause to encourage the dev.-h.;
of the State is the best possihl.-'
ness policy. I think it is a sat,
position to assert that North Car
may with reason expect the S..
the Seaboard and the Coast I
do more in the next live years
the upbuilding of the State th.,!
uuici miiueii'e in 11. I nis v t i
aho include the Norfolk South
r. hile it is more of a local i
will be a most vigorous fa to
nringmg us territory into pui.'u
I came away from that im
with a new line on the men u h,
i uniting ine rauroaus tnat ti
North Carolina. I could see
while they are incidentally w .
iui men sioi twioiuers mey are
i 1 V in tli nmnlnv of K .-
he, Fairfax Harrison and J. .
the two railroad presidents who
meie, aie iwo men wno are
. .
every lorce ior tne service t
country their lines lie in. ami b t
force of necessity they are sini'
the limit to provide everything es.
tial to the business of their entire
When Mr. Harrison borrows tei
million dollars to improve the su.
i r -
: i..
r k , i
engii -. t.
ern Railway he is doing what
township or the county does w b. i
borrows money to make a better n
except that on the county n a!
must provide our own vehicles
handle our own traffic. On the r;:
road the traffic is carried on v hi. !
provided for the purpose by men . l:
ployed to do the work, ami it is ,
at less cost than we can do it ..u u
wagon road.
Do you see it? Fairfax Harris
and Joseph H. Y'oung are twn . f ri
had, and they could not be arm
else if they wanted to, which tb
Vt T
hi I::'
How They Are Reing Taken Care of
In Time of War.
Paris correspondence New Ye? it
Evening Post.
While the fatheis are off on lie
frontier and the mothers are loo1 w.
for work, the problem of taking c:.r-i
of the babies grows. So new mnnr
ies and creches have been start
The Geographical Society in ! a: s
has given the use of its hamis.re
building on the Boulevard St. ;.:
main for this purpose. Women h;.wi
volunteered their services, and zl
children, of from 2 to 10 years. ;u
being put up there.
A little room which used to s-r
as cloakroom for the servants h..i
been transformed into a dining room
The great hall, w'here
Peary have recounted
where Jules Iamaitre
Rousseau and Donnay
serving as a play room while
times last. Under the severe ';.
Bougainville and l,a Pcrouse. uh.
guard the entrance gate, the . niieiien
play ball.
An . immense geological maj. f
France startles the youngsters with :m
loud colors. Another big map has
a ? a. ...
iiagpins siuck in it to show the posi
tion of the armies. Thus these inno
cent eyes learn to recognized the burr
ed towns and5the valleys filled v'.h
Amundsen and
their viav'.
has talked n
on Molicre. is
the had
f thoa-
vwipj-H. a ne neroism o
fall is tl f first lesson
The sleeping room is one flight up.
Twenty-two little white beds, ?.-, r
each a chair, towel drying n
back of the chair, a tiny outfit
clothing, a pair of small shoes und r
the bed. Two large windows open n
the boulevard.
jt one wall is a statue inten
tri atrnisj KeoKraonv. Me norns .i
globe in one hand, and there are r;.
of light on her brow. I The voungst' r
naturally enough, mistake her f r i la
Holy Virgian, and ask her to s r d
their prayers on to Cnd. one he;.
them prayintr like this:
"Dear God, take cate of our pa
and let us sec them again soon. Hear
the prayer of your little ones ho
You and beseech You with all their
hearts. And make it so."
Then a particularly small on, v hot
bed is under the imposing bed relief
of Mont Blanc, protests indignanth
"And my uncle, isn't anvbodv g i..
to pray for him?"
They admit the justice i.f that i -
mand and add to their oravef )1
relations of every sort.
it. If
sure it wes that
for it is backward
Hard to Fx plain.
New York Times.
t Cummings and Weisner were
ness rivals. One dav at the clul
rell to talking.
ou carry any life insurance
queried Cummings.
ies, was the answer, "I
"Made payable to your wife?"
"Yes," faid Weisner.
"Well," asked dimming?,
kind of an excuse do you poll
your wife for living?"
th -J
"v, n.it
eff "
Montana and Tdaho have a
hour day for working womtn.

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