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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
10 BATTLE SONGS OF THE NATIONS (Han-. JeiH-en . damson.) Th? war at present raging in Eu r'p'. h.i-s as yet not found its poet. Among the warring nations no bard has .is yet arisen to above the peace level. It seems indeed as if the poets of the world are too depressed and stupefied by the enormousness of the conflict and are suffering from a sense of inadequacy. Poets, in the present age, it seems are not so brutal and bloodthirsty as the minstrels of yore, who praised in song the bloody deeds of sword and arrow and lifted these from their plane of mere slaughter to the acme of heroic accomplishments. A certain officer is alleged to have said, when his men, after taking a fortification from the enemy, began to cheer, "Don't cheer, boys! Can't you see the poor devils are dying." Perhaps the reason for this silence on the part of the poets is because they are painfully aware of the fact that "the poor devils are dying." And when the songs burst forth, as they no doubt will, as even poets must live, there is not the slightest doubt but that it will not be songs to the glory of battle and slaughter. In the meantime, men by the thou sands, or hundreds of thousands, are dying on the battlefields with the words of songs of the past upon their lips and their melodies ringing in thoir ears "The Watch on the Rhine" among the Germans, "The Marseil laise" among the French and their allies. Some correspondent, Will Ir win, I believe, who heard the German soldiers sini: "The Watch on the Series for 1911 and 1912, Italy affords full protection to women and chil dren employed in cotton mills in some respects in "advance of American pro tection. The following are some of the main provisions of the Italian laws: Chil dren under twelve are forbidden to WOrk the same as is in North Caro lina. When a child applies for work, his age must be credited to by his parents and by the mayor of town in which he lives. Not s North Carolina. Girls under twenty-one and boys under fifteen, when applying for work, must have a health certificate signed by a medical officer or physician stating that they are physi cally able to work. No such pro vision as this exists in North Caro lina. Children are not allowed to clean motors, gearing or machinery in motion. Nothing like this in North Carolina. In addition to the medical exami nation and health certificate pre scribed for children before being em PROBLEM OF GROWING FINELY- COLORED APPLES. , (By W. S. Teator. One of he greatest problems con fronting the apple grower is how to get color in his fruit: while the or chard is cultivated color is' too dulL We may some day know more about it. I find that a few kinds will color well naturally when under tillage. The Jonathan is an eminent example. With Baldwin and most other kinds the color remains dull unless they hang until fully ripe; even then there must b2 plenty of sunshine. I find that color is added very rapidly dur- the ng the last three or four days pre- I . ,4 : n niflr tut timp A. SO in I -trvimg iiic vuiirn piv-uine, - tree in enfeebled heath or wnose lear functions are in any manner disturb ed will grow highly colored fruit, but these are conditions that we naturally do not want. I will cite as a notable illustration a Northern Spy crop that I grew two years ago. The trees were very vigorous and under culti vation. They received two drench ings of a strong solution of lime sulphur just before budding time; the first, applied during a heavy wind was not deemed sufficient as we could not do good back spraying. A day or two later the spraying was re neaied with an ooDosite wind, and M sm. Greensboro, N. C. Rhine" while they were marching tot North Carolina. the front, called this great hymn "a steel bar as against the rapier of "The Marseillaise." I do not see the comparison. "The Watch on the Rhine" is old-fashioned patriotism. It is filled with Germanic determination. There is unconquer able valor in the words: ascertain if the boys under fifteen and girls under twenty-one are physi cally fit to work, and the mill premises and work houses must be regularly inspected by a sanitary officer. There is nothing that even approaches this in North Carolina. There is also a requirement that every child must have an elementary school course which must be certified to, this requirement being usually six years. There is nothing like this in W. H. SWIFT. Oct. 13, 1914. CONFEDERATE CATTLE RAID. So long as the blod shall warm our veins, While for one sword one hand re mains, One arm to bear a gun remains. Shall foot of Foeman tread thy shore? Dear Fatherland, no fear be thine, Firm stands thy guard along the Rhine. This hymn does not even express the present German attitude of 'Deutschland, Deutschland, over all." "The Watch on the Rhine" is a hymn of German defiance to aggres sion and cannot carry its full meaning, save when and where the German de fends his country. Instead of sweeping over the lauds of others. When the Rhine was the German frontier, and ployed, a periodical visit to the mill j they were overdosed, no doubt of it. must be made by a medical officer to The result was that the foliage did not develop well . Fifty per cent or it never got more than half size, the remaining leaves never became large. but thev had erood color. The trees produced a heavy crop of wonder fully beautiful fruit of the highest color and flavor. I felt that it was a marvel that they could carry through so fine a crop with this scarity of foliaee and that it would be such a drain upon their vitality that they would never recover; but there were seemingly no ill effects for these trees had more than ordinary foliage and growth last year. Would this serve as a hint? Can we got fine color through the means of lime-sulphur in the mariner de scribed It might be dangerous to put through such an experiment in a wholesale way out i woma iiKe to knoW more about it. Sprayed. The crying need of our markets is for apples with their color. The bulk of the Baldwin crop does not have a chance to get its color as it is gath ered too soon, and this is a situation that the orchardist cannot always help. The fruit must be gathered be fore the storms come or there will be great loss. If the crop is large the work must begin early unless help is abundant enough to care for it in a Not Sprayed, limited period. However, color is the One of the Most Notable Event of The War Recalled. Chatham Record. Today, September 16, is the fiftieth anniversary of one pf the most notable and novel events of the War Between the States. On the 16th of Septem ber, 1864, General Wade Hampton, who then commanded all the cavalry of the Army of Northern Virginia, captured and carried off nearly 25 00 cattle or beeves, which were fatten ing to feed the Union army near Pe tersburg and Richmond. These cat tle had been collected bythe commis sary department of General Grant's army and were grazing near Coggins iJoint on the James BELIEVES C0TT1 WILL GO UP SOME Mr, W A. Grovenstein Looks for Improved Demand (or the Staple river. At that time the Confederate soldiers rarely thing to strive for and it may some- tasted rresh beef, and so it was de- m tay 10 use a. mue nss in wtui- termined to make an effort to give for more maturity. 1 feel that them a taste of these cattle. Such rnuch can be done in this way to im- an undertaking seemed almost fool- Prove the selling Qualities of apples, hardy because the Confederates had The grower who has a few of the Germany on the defensive, It was a to pass to the rear of the Union army standard kinds following each other perfect hymn, but at the present it and force their way through its lines. in tne natural order of ripening has seems naraiy appropriate. n may This of itself was sufficiently danger not be unaptly compared with a steel ous and difficult, but it seemed im possible to drive the cattle out of the Union lines even if the Confederates succeeded in reaching them. bar; but "The Marseillaise" is far more than a rapier. It has what the German hymn lacks, namely, a so ciological significance. It is a flood, a conflagration, a volcano. It is irre sistibly compelling. Through all ages. among all nations, there has not at any time been a hymn one-half so expressive of destiny and noble aspi rations as in the lines: Ye sons of France, awake to glory, Hark, hark, what myriads bid you rise! Your children, wives and grandsires hoary Behold their tears and hear their cries! Shall lawless tyrants, mischief breed ing, With hireling host, a ruffian band, Affright and desolate the land? While peace and liberty lie bleeding? To arms, to arms, ye brave! The patriot sword unsheath, March on, march on, all hearts re solved On liberty or death. an advantage; he has a more extended picking- season. I make a close study of the exact time of maturity of the various kinds and aim to gather each kind as near Notwithstanding so dangerous and y as possible at this precise period. difficult an undertaking, as it seemed, ur spraying operations are most yet General Hampton determined to thoroughly done and in consequence make the attempt, and so successful San Jose scale and coddling moth are was he that out of 2,486 cattle cap- having a pretty hard struggle for life tured 2,468 were brought into the in our orchards. Our worst insect Confederate lines and afforded fresh disturbed is the aphis, and we have beef to thousands of soldiers who had not done much of importance to- not tasted such a luxury in a Ions wards its control. The leaf roller. time. No such cattle raid was ever j tne red oug and the apple scab, fungus made in any war. The loss of so in our particular section have not as much beef to the Federal troops was I y&t given us any serious trouble. not missed much by them because When they corie the work will be they had a plenty without beef, but it rnuch harder. We fully realize that was a perfect godsend to the half- uiese ana otner bad things may reach us at any time and are watchful. The fruit grower must be ready at a mo ment's notice to meet his enemies. It is never in any case plain sailing as in tne om days when the markets were less critical and any sort of an apple would do; and the 'man who now comes out winner by producing The Watch on the Rhine." words starved Confederates, Of course only cavalry were en gaged in this expedition, for success depended upon celerity of movement. The troops selected by Hampton for this expedition were the division of General William H. F. Lee and the brigades of Generals Rosser and Dearing, and wkh them he started on I a crP of perfect apples either must the 14th of September, 1864, and de- have a marvelous lot of nature's as- termined to force the enemy's lines at I sistance, or must be a good ftehter. and music is the best song in the Sycamore church, in Prince George It is not alone a matter of knowing, world expressing nationality. "The county, xne next day tne uonreder- I oul oi uomg. Marseillaise" is the greatest inspira- ates were detained some time in con- m In the matter of picking apples tlon ever written by genius calling on structmg a bridge over the Black- it is ainicuit to explain p.nd describe man to rise against tyranny, it did witter mer, anu uiu not Degin tneir wnen me time nits arnvea mat an more for victory and liberty when it I attack on the enemy until shortly be- apple has acquired all the perfection was new than a hundred thousand fore dawn on the 16th of Sentem- that nature can give it. It is some- ber. They met with quite a stubborn what a matter of feeling. Yet there resistance, but finally defeated the are signs which may be read bv an enemy, driving them some distance, expert and I believe that it is rather and then retaining a sufficient force & matter or hours than of days. Some to hold back the Federals, if thev have said that an apple is To the Editor: Will this , crop he sold at 7 cents? i, , tirvnc vmr o r- n i " This is the problem that , thinking man is thinking alKut present. It is generally c.ni-.-,j.'. i that the cost of producing nor ton is 10 cents per pound. Th-V mis cotton crop must he .oi,i t. low cost, and the crop is n.o-jjjji bales, this means a loss to the s, ts of $225,000,000. This loss will b i.V tributed among farmers, rm-n l , and bankers. The loss will f.u , farmers that are able to stand" ti loss and those who owe the men h Vnt the full cost of the cotton. Th.- iLSJt will fall on the merchant, the UunV will probably lose some in colL-ctn and a great deal in deposits. Thi i generally understood and rerett very much by all concerned anj th. subject has been very ably .lisou -i in every quarter. Can we prevent this crop fr-.m i.... ing sacrificed at present prices " i must confess that I don't know; i,n I should think that if evervbviy u their part and all they could th. uation could be helped a ureat ,j.-tl. What is each one's part? This I will not undertake to exj.Um I feel that every one best knows hn own duty and I think a great muiy people would be more active an.l w .rk hafder if they could feel that ?h ultimate price of this crop woui.i ! cost or above. Now will cotton sell for ct t sooner? Well, 1 don't know, bur I have my opinion and have compile.! the following figures fur vour ( in- stderation. According to the government rd. ures the World's crop and prices t .r the last six years have been as fol lows: 1908 19,698,000; average prie. 2 1909 16,241,000; average price. U.2 1910 18,027,000; average price. 1 i . 1911 21,269,000; average price. 1912 20,976,000; average price. 12.0 r, 1913 22.255.000; average orice. 13.07 We notice from these figures that the last crop was 1,000,000 bales itmrn than any previous crop, and was com fortably taken care of at an a vera price of 13.07, and the last three crops were ten and one-half million bales more than the preceding three crops. and they were sold at an average pric 5f 11.27. The previous three crops sold for an average price of 12.74. These figures show the increase in production, and consumption has been keeping pace with production. What effect the European war will have on consumption this year w don't know, but since the four hun dred million people in Europe hav to be clothed, will any large number of the one hundred and fifty million cotton spindles of the world stanl idle? This I don't know, but see id reason why they should be idl lontr. Mr. Arthur It. Marsh, in an adJre.Hj delivered at the semi-annual meeting of the National Association of Cotton Manufacturers at Lenox, Mass., a September 30, 1914, said: "It is my personal belief from a study of tlvs entire field that not less than 13,00'J, 000 bales and possibly 5,000,000 mr than this, will be consumed b spindles before this season is oc-r." W. A. GROVKNSTKIN. Raleigh, N. C. soldiers in arms could have accom plished. It made the armies of the revolution invincible. It is as magical today in the French, English and Bel gian trenches as it was a hundred years ago. Saturated as it is with a should rally, the remainder of Harap- divine madness, it sets the men wild with a furious devotion not to France not to any flag, but to free dom. It is as powerful against the tyrant at home as against an invader, and should in the course of time the German people come to fight for their freedom, it will be their song. The Marseillaise is too great, too divine, to belong to any nation. It is the uni versal war-cry of freedom, of democ racy. CTlIIiD LABOR ton's command captured the cattle and drove them back into the Confederate lines, as above stated. In addition to capturing the cattle three camps of the enemy were burned, after securing from them val uable stores and supplies, including a large quantity of blankets. Besides destroying a number of army wagons the Confederates brought back with them eleven wagons and 40 prisoners. They were absent from their quarters three days on this expedition and dur iner that time ha.fi mnrrhpd nhnnf inn North Carolina in Comparison With miles and defeated the enemy in two Italy Suffers. We have been accustomed to think that Italy is a country not to be com pared with ours in either freedom or protection given to the poor and de pendent. AtKordingto to report made by ComroAAial Agent Ralph M. Odell, and published by the Bureau of Manufacturers, Special Agent engagements, and our loss was 10 killed, 47 wounded and 4 missing. Wonder how many of our readers ever before heard of this famous cat tle raid? The Amazon Valley in the first three months of 1914 exported 29. 268, f47 pounds of crude rubber. n no enougn to pick: when the seeds are black; but that is not altogether true. Watcn. tne coloring process; it is verv rapid on the last days and when it is apparently finished it is not well to leave the fruit long upon the tree, it has prooaDiy gotten its perfect de veiopment, its nest Keeping qualitv !S f A A J " ana us nnesi riavor. it should be immediately picked and cared for; if possible, it should he wrapped in paper and placed in cold storage if wanted in -its perfect deliciousnes? and crispness ror the winter market. In the case of the yellow or green intr oif,u.- ai c iiiui;u me same and one must learn to read them, al though the color tactor here is lack ing. THE POPE'S DRINK OF WATKK A San Franci-sco electrical companv is using. a demonstration car to make ruiui i-viiiiituittues acoiainted the use of the current on' th and in the household. with farm Why He Did Not Follow the Irecrip- tion of nis Doctor. New York Evening Post. Pope Pius X. was a man of simple habits. One morning his doctor re minded him that a considerable amount of pure water as a drink v.n beneficial, and the pope there an i then rang a bell and asked the pre late in attendance to bring him v glass of water. Fully 10 minut-.- passed before the prelate returned to the library, followed by an attend ant and a waiter. The latter carried a silver tray with a glass of water on it. The prelate, the attendant and the waiter made a deep genuflection when the door wag opened. They crossed the room, and made a second genuflection when they were halfway to the pope's chair, and a third when they got near the pope. Then the at tendant took the gla.ss off the tr:-.v and handed it to the prelate, who knelt down and handed it to the. pope. The same ceremony was re peated after the pope had drunk the water. Turning to the doctor, the pope then said; "I wanted to show you how ditlicilt it i.s for me to get a glass of water, and I hope you will not blame ni" f-r neglecting the cure and not drinking more water. I hate to di&'urb thr-e men and make them kneel vix time.- every time I want a drink of w iter. I triel to get the waKr myself . t'ut I have been told that, being i erein. I rnu&t not serve mv.-elf." ev l';tier pulp in now being m:i b bamlexi in Forruus-. frm