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U T '! t 'tt' i i f : i '!? ' I 1 , I I ! ' ' 'j! l i Mi 'I 1 I '' ; .1 i 1 . ! I f ' " . i " 1; H f ' ...1 i . i'.t; ! . i ! 1 s It ' 16 THE FARMER AND MECHANIC. RECORD OF BRITISH SOLDIER IS ONE OF ACCOMPLISHMENT -sg. Has Engaged Oftener and Won Ofteneo Than All Eu- GeneralReille his opinion of the Brit- BIGGEST TOBACCO WEEK ish soldier against wnom ne "au often fought in Spain. Reille re rdied well nostea. according iu s usual manner. I consider sh infantry mvincioie on account of their calm tenacity ana the superiority of their fire. Before vou can charge with the bayonet you ... . j j.:t 1 1 . r , t i ai 4- U,', win nave to wait unui nan. i t- rone iNotninir mat bUests uecaaence auuul ma tacking party is knied. But tne inusu arnij is less ugiif, ica supf1 and less able to maneuver than we are. If it cannot be conquered by a direct attack, it might be by maneuv ering." All Over Before Dinner." Napoleon is reported to have scoff ed at this opinion, so unerringly con firmed before night, time Napoleon had conflict with English He sail irritably to you have been beaten by Wellington he praised greatly those guards who you consider him a good general. But l ten you tnat Wellington is a oaa Prowess His Advance Almost Constant. (I. Conover in Washington Daniel one of Richard Post. How much of a battler is the Brit ish soldier? What is the fighting pedigree of Tommy Atkins and what in his possible achievement, measured by past performance in the field? Great Britain, having cast her lot with France and Russia in their war with Germany and Austria, what standard of valorous morale and whatprcstige does the red-coated man of war bring to the fray? Im mediately the army of John Bull is mentioned the mind runs to Water but. Beyond question that battle is popularly deemed the high-water mark of British military accomplish ment. These significant facts and charac teristics, which can scarcely be per centage or tabulated, should be borne in mind: The soil of Great Britain proper has never been trodden by an invading army since the time of William the Conqueror. France has on occasion sent a quota of troops to aid rebel lion in Ireland, but never has an out-and-out French army landed on Brit ish soil to battle with a united British people. Great Britain's Powers. It was the great orator, Webster, who pointed out in his eloquent periods, that the drum beat of Great Britain circled the globe, and that the sun never set on British dominion. Hasn't this spe cial significance with respect to pres tige? All over the earth the Briton has spread himself most liberally, and always through force of arms. No other nation has carried its flag far ther and more variously- to perma nent possession. It has taken power, courage, and oft-tried endurance to raise her banner where it flies. When the eye lights on the British Jack there's a picture of prowess and pres tige formed at once. Perhaps the picture is much more vivid than ac tual accomplishment warrants, but the picture is there. This prestige cannot be standardized with respect to its sure effect. Great Britain's soldier has traveled thousands of miles to fight, conquer, and permanently possess. Other na lions nave sent tneir fighting men as iar, out alter a generation of war fare has been checked up it will be found that she holds the most, if not all, of what she fought for. In the magnitude and variety of military operations of which he has been the achieving agent, there is no soldier on earth to be compared with the battler of the British Isles. This is a chron icle of feet entirely apart from praise. England Whipped But Once. urcat Britain proper has a popu lauon ot 4b,U3b,&u, ana yet sne con trols territory innanitea ty every race of man, containing 378,739,590 hu man beings. Isn't the prestige in the air? Whenever you think of Eng land you breathe prestige. And remember this only tlon in the world ever went with Great Britain without the end whipped completely pelled to submit to subjugating com promise. Sooner or later a British army has defeated its adversary in a battle that meant finality of the quar rel. During intervals the British standard may have been trailed in the dust at infrequent reverses, but when the treaty of peace was signed the successes of the British soldier dictated the terms. The gradual in corporation of Normandy by France during three centuries of brawling is almost the only exception to Eng land's successful "fight and keep" system. How did the British soldier be have at Waterloo? What sort of a man and a fighter was he? How did he compare with the soldiers of the other nations fighting with him? Never was there a better time to weigh him than at Waterloo, for he battled at the side of Dutch, Belgian, Prussian, Hanoverian, and miscellan eous German troops. Wellington a Hard Master. It is a curious fact that Wellington himself did not have a very high opinion or tne British Soulier s sense of duty or patriotism. He believed that he could make him fight and that he would fight hard. Welling ton believed in flogging in the army, and many a British private was pun ished thus for derelictions. Letters are extant in the Iron Duke's hand writing, in which he says he com manded the "damnedest lot of rascals and vagabonds unhung" at Waterloo In the famous Crcevey papers there is evidence that Wellington did not think the British soldier would have fought so well had not he (the duke) commanded them. The conversation between Wellington and Creevey the morning after Waterloo contains this Ijost 30.000 Men. "The nrst tning i uiu, or course, was to put out my hand and con gratulate him upon his victory. He made a variety of observations in his short, natural blunt way, but with the greatest gravity all the time, and without the least approach to any thine like triumph or joy. lt has V . - 1, . been a damned seriou? busmen, said. 'Blucher and I have lost JO.uuu It has been a damned nice thing the nearest-run tning you eer saw in your life. Blucher lost is.uuv on Friday night, and got so damnably licked I could not find him on Satur day morning; so I was obliged to fall back to keep up my communications with him. Then, as we walked about, ON ROCKY MOUNT MARKET Two Million Pounds Sold ami Far mers Get Over Quarter Million Dollars Cash. Rocky Mount. Oct. 2 4. The pa.t week has been the heaviest of th- season; beginning Monday morning the receipts of leaf tobacco ha been very large, the sales block ir four days out of the five and Friday only being able to dispose of the of ferings by fast selling, the last sal-. ending aoout aarK. r or me wet k It was the first come in direct troops. Soult: "Because one na to battle being in or com had kept the farm against the repeat ed attacks of the French; ana tnen he praised all our troops, uttering re peated expressions of astonishment at our men's courage. He repeated so often its being 'so nice a thing so nearly-run a thing' that I a.sked him if the French had fought better than he had ever seen them do before. No, he said, 'they have always fought the same since I first saw them at Vimeira. Then he said: 'By God, I don't think it would have been done it 1 had not been there.' " "Rough and Foul-Mouthed." Many of the British soldiers at Waterloo had been with V. emngton . . . , : o: in ms 'eninsuiar campaign. oir Thomas Picton. the general on whom he placed the greatest dependence at Waterloo, had been with him in Spain and Portugal. Wellington said or Picton: "He's as rough and foul- mouthed a devil as ever lived.' Picton was killed at Waterloo shot through the head and he was com manding thousands of the same sort of men that he had often sworn at. This is not to be an account of Waterloo just a few words of de scription of the British soldier fight ing there. In tabloid the battle was fought at its most centralized point by G8.000 troops led by Wellington and Napoleon, with 72,000 men. The English commander had 15 6 guns, the French 246. There is eternal argu ment as to what the outcome would have been had not Blucher, with 30, 000 men, arrived to reinforce Wel lington at 6 p. m. Twelve miles or so away Aapoleon s general txrouchy, with 33,000 men, failed to march to the aid of his emperor. From noon until 7:30 p. m. on the immortal June 18, 1815, the French hurled thousands against the allies and were as con stantly repulsed. On "points" Na poleon would score because of having been the aggressor. Toward the last the left of the allies' line seemed to waver. "And Blucher Came." Wellington was heard to mutter: "Would that night or the Prussians would come!" But Blucher came. Napoleon tried the Old Guard last and they charged up to the "thin red line" awaiting their onslaught grimly de termined. Repulse, and then a san guinary pursuit by moonlight of the fleeing French. The British losses were 13,000 and the Prussian 7,000. The French suffered to the extent of 30,000. No matter what Wellington thought of the animating spirit of British valor, it is a fact that in the battle of Waterloo he placed British at the pivotal or crucial points. the guards of Maitland posted cornfield along Wellington's ridge that sprang to answer duke's famous command. that over to a line troops It was in the battle the Ud. Guards, and at them!" when Na poleon's celebrated fighters were within twenty Daces. The first vol ley by the British soldiers killed 300 French. The "red coats" fired with cool and steady aim. The French wavered. The British soldier for the first time that fatal day became the aggressor and drove Napoleon's crack battalions down the ridsre. The British Square. The bearing and behavior of the Britiidi soldier were illustrated at an important point of the battle when Ney gathered together 5.000 magni ficent horsemen, and placing himself at their head, charged. Instead of be ing appalled at the advance of this gallopping host, it is recorded that the British soldiers felt rather relieved that it was not infantry coming against them. Calmly the British were formed into sauares. with their guns placed on the crest of the ridge. Ney's men rode against the artillery and captured it. But the squares poured such a steady, murderous fire in on them, they were forced to re treat down the sloDe. Gen. Reille's Prophecy. Wellington knew the French im petuosity of attack from his DeriTTTsn- experiences. He had evolved a general, that the British are bad troops, and that it will be all over before dinner." This great battle that settled the fate of Europe fairly bristles with in stances of British valor. Horsa and foot, they outfought the French at every point of the field. It has been said that they took less chances than the French, and that their com mander exposed them less. Well, veterans declare that it takes more real courage to remain calm under fire, arl not strike back until -ordered than it does to career hurrahing for wad in a charge, buoyed up by ex citement and passion. Some of the British squares were charged no less than thirteen times by Ney without being penetrated. The great French cavalryman, having three horses kill ed under him, was found by an aid standing in a bewildered fashion at the side of an abandoned British gun, striking its mouth with the flat of his sword. " In a general way it can be said all of the victories of Wellington his French adversaries were due skillful use of the two-deep against the massive column which for many years was the fighting forma tion of France. The use of infant in line was not his invention. It was used from Marlborough to Frederick tne Ureat generally three or four deep. The French revolutionary gen erals reintroduced the advance in heavy mass, relying upon the effect of its impetus, the same as had been practiced by the pikemen of the six teenth and seventeenth centuries. Napoleon was fond of this mass for mation, although if he had any out and out favorite, it was a blend, or ordre mixte, in which brigade or re giment was drawn up in alternate bat talions in line three deep and in column. More dash is required with the mass, more steadiness with the line. The British soldier for more than 200 years has gained much of his pr5tige through steadiness. English Soldier at Zenith. The British infantrv at Wntri used a nine-pound flint-lock musket, fitted with a pan, and not to be de pended upon for accuracy for a range of more than 2 50 feet. The general volley effect was what was expected. Each soldier carried 60 stout paper cartridges, about .16 caliber, and about twenty to a pound weight. The cartridge had to be torn open by the teeth, a splash of powder thrown into the pan to catch the igniting spark and then driven down the musket barrel with an iron ramrod. To stand and reload in the face of fire required the steadiness that became part of the English soldier, most prominently. So, according to battling percent fesUor averages, it would seem that the British soldier leads the Interna tional War League list. He has en gaged oftener and won oftener than all Europe. There is nothing that suggests decadence about his nrowpw no highest point of greatness in his past history from which he has dwindled or declined. He is at his fighting zenith now as much as at any time of his career. Most of the other nations of the earth have had their more glorious days, but the British soldier s advance has been almost constant. the receipts total about 2,000,000 lbs., the amount paid out to the farnu-r- being about $250,000 to $300,000. The offerings have been about lik the past week, there being abuuL equal quantities of good serviceable tobaccos and common nondescript grades. Prices have shown no ap preciable decline, notwithstanding the heavy receipts, and the market closed Friday evening very aalive, th buying sticking to the sales closely to the last. Much of the tobaccos are badly graded and sell for a reduced price. It pays the farmer to grade and han dle his tobacco well, as he invariably gets a bigger price for same. A1p there has been much damaged to bacco offered. This the farmer can not always help, and is due largely t the long wet spell of the week be fore. Good receipts are expected next week. Sales up to date 000,000 lb. mark. run about the x.. DIVERSIFIED FAHMIXG. Movement in South Growing Strength and Iniimrtamv. Louisville Home and Farm. Re viewing the situation in tho South solely from the standpoint .f of cotton, one gets a wrong impres sion. The South has had good crops of corn and grass, of wheat and fruit, of early and late vege- We are having a great suggestions made t ihs concerning the diversiiica- agriculture, as though tables, niot of that diversification had not yet begun. Home and Farm has reported by month the fine results that havn come to various quarters from the. increase in the acreage devoted to Southern cowpeas, alfalfa, clover, pea nuts and corn. It reported large crop of early vegetables last spring and large crops of later vegetables, bring ing fine prices. It has been a great fruit year in the South from Arkansas apple better TO MAKE CAMPHOR. Pioneer Plant in Be Installed to m lar system them. first line. so that it of tactics specially to resist At Waterloo he nlared his of infantry behind a ridge might be invisible before the attack and during the attack itself. Not until the assails had reached the very ton of the rid Ere. rrm - fused by the fire of skirmishers and artillery, did the line of soldiers re veal itself, firing Doint blank at short range and following up with a bayo net charge. With the exception of one brigade and a chain of skirmishers, all of Wellington's infantry was so arranged. While eating breakfast on the morning of Waterloo Napoleon askod the United States in Philadelnhin Philadelphia Tublic Ledger. The American camphor corporation incorporated for the manufacture of gum camphor, has taken the buildin on the southeast corner of Lehigh avenue and Edgemont street, whichis being fitted as the pioneer plant in tne manutacture ot this product the United States. While its product will be available for pharmaceutical purposes, the cor poration purposes catering to manu facturers of celluloid, who take about 80 per cent of the gum camphor im ported into this country. Equipment for giving the factory an output of 2 5.000 pounds a day will be installed in a few weeks, and by mid winter the plant is to be in complete operation, consuming daily 3,200 pounds of turpentine, the base of syn thetic camphor. As a by-product, the company will have a daily production of about five tons of glauber salts, which enters into the manufacture of dyes. This country's consumption of cam- phor is estimated at 12,o00 pounds a 1 day, of which the Philadelphia fac- I tory, when running full, can, it is said i to Georgia and Virginia. The crop in Kentucky is 50 per cent than ever before, with peaches abun dant from June until October. in Kentucky we have had a poor crop of potatoes, because of the early drouth, but we have had an unusually fine sec ond crop of potatoes. The ruin of the tobacco crop wan predicted in May, and June, and July, and August; but September and Octo ber told another tale, and we are hav ing the best crop of tobacco that Ken tucky has known. We point to these facts to disabuse the public mind of some apprehension concerning the South. The cotton problem is a national problem, and it must be treated upon national grounds. But the diversification of agriculture in the South is a Southern movement. It has been preached early and late by Home and Farm for many years. It is growing in strength and importance, and it is bringing into co-operation farmers, bankers, mer chants and railroads. For the encouragement of Southern farmers we call attention to the re ports of the effect of the European war upon Western agriculture. Kan sas and the Western States report heavy buying of army horses, saddles, harness and foodstuffs by European belligerents. Sales of army horses to Great Britain by Kansas City, Mo., amounted to one million dollars in September. In Kansas City the wheat arrivals in September were 11,800,000 bushels against 2,300,000 a year ago. The out put of feeding animals, says a tele gram from Western Missouri, indi cates more extensive fattening oper ations in that section of the country than ever "before. A few weeks ago the purchase of feeder cattle was re stricted by the inability to float loans, but the cattle paper broadens daily. Hay is weak, owing to the abur.danco of excellent pasturage. Hide? aro bringing good prices. Moreover, the Western farmers who are feeding cattle are profiting from the slump in cottonseed; they are getting cottonseed meal from $" to $7 a ton under the cost last year. What "Western Missouri and Kansas can do a large part of the Southern States can do. If you are blue about the cotton market, take heart of hop. as you review the prospects held out to the Southern farmer, who. on c heap lands, can raise cattle a-s valuable as those raised on the high-priced of lh) Western States. Then make your arrangements fr more cattle, more hogs, more poultrv. products next year. and of your cotton aei.agt? more dairy the reduction one-half. supply about 20 per cent. Government officials have esti mated that 1,350,000 horsepower in the form of gas alone is wasted every day by the old-fashioned coke ovens of the United States.