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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
19 WOMAN'S FIELD EVER WIDENING IN NORTH STATE In Many Lines of Endeavor She, Is Taking Increasingly Prominent Part HUNDREDS ENGAGED IN CONSTRUCTIVE SERVICE Mi NOW T MISS MARY OWEN GllAHAM Many Thousands More Busy With Humble Tasks But HaPPy In Their Toil ailCl En- The First Woman in North Carolina fi , n to be Elected President of the North vious or iNone Latge oum- panies of Them Assuming Civic Responsibility From a Sense of Duty and Not As a Protest Against Being De barred From Full Citizenship Carolina Teachers Assembly Her Home is in Charlotte and She is As sistant Superintendent of Schools of Mecklenburg County. (KOITH ROYSTHR.) Lat May at Fayetteville. a pam phlet, entitled "The Legal Status of Women In North Carolina," was pre sented to the State Federation of Wo men's Clubs. The following is quoted from my Introduction: "We note with pride and gratifica tion the great freedom of women from the citv. as is also true of Miss Grace Jones, of Asheyille, and of the libra rians m all tne larger cmes 01 me State. In Photography and Other Fields. Among those interested in Photo graphy, Mrs. Jaques Busbee of Ral eigh, has met with success as an illus trator. Her work has appeared in a number of magazines. Mrs. Bayard Wootten, of New Bern, has won na tional prominence as a professional photographer. In journalism, a num ber of women have achieved success. Prominent among them Mrs. Al. Fair brother, of Greensboro; Mrs. Gordon Finger, of Charlotte, and Miss Susan Iden ,of Raleigh. In the busines world, there are suc cessful women in almost every line. Mrs. Charles McKimmon is not only proving herself a successful executive ingthe girls of the State the principles HLH OAnttn UNL (Jr of business in her canning ciuos. k Miss Bessie Hackney, secretary to the Raleigh Chamber of Commerce, puts a surplus in the treasury of the organization for the first time in its history. Miss Dixie Leach, of Ral eigh, is a successful publisher cj! art material and manager of her tea room and gift shop. Some Women Farmer's, Too. Women farmers are not unusual. One of the most successful in Wake county is Mrs. G. B. Alford, of Holly Sorings, who is also a trustee of the Holly Springs High School. This article is suggestive only. It would be an interesting study for the suffrage clubs of the State that now have practical' no immediate activi ties, to collect full data of the achieve ments of the women of the State. The stories, the poems, written by women. For instance, the hymn composed by Mrs. Talcott Brewer, of Raleigh, was HEAD OF STRTE EkGHER forges Miss Mary 0, Graham, of Fam ily Noted in North Carolina's Educational Life STEADY ADVANCEMENT Now Assistant Superintendent of Education in Mecklenburg County; At One Time Super vising Teacher in Training School at State Normal Col lege; On Legislative Com mittee That Secured Laws of Help To Her Sex; Brief Re view of Work of Assembly Mi.-s Mary Owen Graham, assistant superintendent of Education in Meck lenburg county and recently elected Reilley of Charlotte, the most typi cal club woman of the State. Mrs. Keilley is corresponding secretary and an important member of the board of directors of the General Federation of Women's Clubs, with its million of members. Miss Adelaide Fries of Winston-Salem now heads our State selected as the best written for the oc- Federation of Women's Clubs, with casion, and sung at the great meetin uparlv four tbonsnnd mpmhprs ATiss I Rantiatc n - St. T,miis last vpar. rrviAs riiiwts thi nrpniTatinn witH Ari thr.r,. voq hPAn no mpntinn vp t I president of the - North Carolina the clear head, sound iudement and nfthnPfi 'most indisDensable persons. Teachers' Assembly, is the daughter fine justice that characterize all her the milliners and dressmakers. These work. occupations call for skilled workman Patriotic Organizations. ship and business ability to a marked A large number of patriotic organ- degree. A number of women in these izations are headed by capable leaders, lines of business have met with mark ed success. There is no end to the account of what women are doing. in North Caro lina. From even a orief review, it can be seen easily that many thou sands of women within the State are injustice in North Carolina, as com pared with their status in many other The largest, the Daughters of the Con of the States. federacy, has now Mrs. Eugene Little, "For the unmarried woman North of Wadesboro, as president. Carolina offers a free and full oppor- One of the most valuable under- tunity, except to hold public office, takings of the patriotic societies, is which is ooen onlv to voters. In the Dublication of the North Carolina North Carolina a woman may be a Booklet, a labor of love on the part of hard at work, envying nobody; that lawyer, a physician, a dentist, a chem- the editor, Miss Mary Hilliard Hinton many hundreds are engaged in con- Ist. a druggist, a business woman, a of Wake County. structive poorly paid service for so- superintendent of citv Dublic schools The suffragists, who nrn now to clety and humanity, rejoicing in the 1 1 . A. m in fact, in democrat s North Pam. onnsidorWl n si fnrA within tv,o etatn opportunity tnai large companies are lunaer preparing Una. the main thing essential to wo- are headed by Mrs. Archibald Render- assuming civic responsibilities just be- work in the large part man's freedom in the pursuit of hap- son of Chanel Hill cause the duty is there, not even 1m- in the educational life Dines and the earnlne- of . livelihood Savins jl rvriWo plying a protest against being de- She- has been a student in any field, is to demonstrate fFi- t vin th vninntr wnri-flr, barred from run cmzensnip. ciency In that lino of work. The only are next in that shadowy border w'her apparent hardship consists in the bread and butter, and nossiblv a little FINT TREASURE TROVE pronouncement of certain positions to iam. are provided the worker for be offices. subsistence, but where tho larest t-a. Half Barrel of Nickels and Silver 'If any legal injustice should arise, ward lies in oooortunitv for p.nn.rtriir- Coins Received. of Mr. Archibald (irahani. Sr., of Charlotte, and the, sister of Dr. Ed ward Kidder Graham, president of the University of North Carolina. Miss Graham graduated from Queens College in Charlotte. After graduation s ie taught for several years in the graded schools of Char lotte. She has also served as super vising teacher in the Training School of the Normal and Industrial Col lege at Greensboro and has assist -State Department of Kdueation. Portions of the summer vacation have been spent by Miss Graham in herself for her she is taking of the State. in the summer schools of the University of North Carolina, the University of Tennes sett and Teachers College at Colum bia University and has been teacher of primary methods in the summer school of the University of North the General Assembly seems able to tlve work and in the happiness that (Los Angeles dispatch to New York Carolina for the past four years, right the wronfi:. For example, in the comes of establishing permanent im- World. Miss Graham was twice president .selection of text-books for the public provements within the State. . f he North Carolina Primary schools, women teachers are not de- The finest work ever done in North Wild excitement prevailed in the Teachers Association, now an affiliat- barred further on account of sex from Carolina along this line, it seems to harbor district when ) rumors that a ed organization of the Teachers' As- serving on the nub-text-book com- me, was when Mrs. Lucy Robertson of treasure trove had been discovered at sembly, and her influence was mission. This was settled in the pas- Greensboro, took the dead Greensboro the bottom of the channel in front strong in making the organization sage of the bill "To authorize women Female College, marshalled her forces tne sf ene the recfnt Are m Bast effective in developing the profession- to discharge certain duties pertaining and made it live asain. Mrs. Robert San Pedro and several hundred men al spirit among the primaary teach - to education," passed in 1913. son not only showed executive talents engaged m searching for coin, which ers. She was a. member of the Leg- "It might expedite business and worth v of the State's hst mn hut orougnt up oy me steam lsiative committee of the Teachers" prove a convenience, if the position of faith and couraere and fine determina notary public were again open to wo- tion that took discouragements as if men. After a number of women had they were only meant to incite to been appointed, this was pronounced stronger effort. The Greensboro Fe- an office and women are not now con- male College today is a speaking iaerea engiDie. a test case would tnoute to a remarkable women ettle whether or not it is an office." It is this atmosphere of liberty and . A Work of Wide Scope. m Another field within this same ore or less freedom from irritating "u"i - ? i strain thnt nn nrnMv nWlrl Clas& Of Work, is that Assembly which aided in having Within a few minutes after the first I passed the low authoring women to collection of coins were sent out serve on schools boards and on the through the dredger tube everybody sub-text book commission, who was not actually at work went The new president of the Teachers to East San Pedro in hopes of obtain- Assembly belongs to a family both ing a fortune. Altogether nearly a sides of which have been prominent half barrel of nickles and small silver in the historical development of th pieces were brought up from the countrvand the State both in Pninn- restraint that has probably developed k, , ' " inai miea wortnny aeptns, ana ior tne rest or the day ial and Revolutionary times , and in the State a large number of women Z c ' .T , sTr.ieLi" LU ouamesa aiong rronx street was more recently conspicuous in the edu of marked ability in various lines of the btale otLT of Vharitiea- The booming. caUonal life of the State, activity, and enabled them to meet scoPe Mlss. Denson s work would Among the coins recovered were rt Tparh A.mtiiv v -uccesi squarely and sanely. make a siory in itself' several Spanish silver pieces of the ' h JT Somo Prominent Chnrol, uL, WiUl The Teacliers. year 1808 and a Nictraguan gold Recently held Teachers As- mc I rominent ChurcJi Workers The largest class of workers within piece valued at about $2.50. WThere sembly in . Charlotte was the most The first lines of work in which this field is composed of the teachers the coins came from could not be successful meeting in its history. The the executive talent of our women of the State. Women leaders in this ascertained, but legends of the older PPr of the assembly for the past found expression was not In bread- field are few. This is probably due to harbor men intimate that a smu gg- few Years ha grown steadily, and and-butter work or even in winning the fact that all salaries for teachers ling vessel was ' sunk at this point tne Charlotte meeting was built on Jam for the bread and butter. It was are so low that positions in which while attempting to evade the revenue P3 successes and experiences, stand in ffenerous unselfish organized work, leadership may be developed must be cutters employed by the old Spanish mg at tne top in numbers, in char first for the church, and next in the given usually to men who deserve Governors to enforce the collection of atcr n work and as a working broader field where denominational them rather than to women who may "derechos." body. lines vanishthe service of society develop with the positions. Prominent All of the money brought to the sur- The spirit of the assembly was and humanity. It is interesting to among those women who have devel- face bore the marks of having been niarked by enjoyment, good fellow note that while club or suffrage work oped because of the need for what in the water for many years, and the SP an atmosphere of optimism, la the first interest of many women they could give are Miss Mary O. Gra- coins were all badly corroded. ne r the new features was that of In other States, the service of the ham, of Mecklenburg county; Miss In addition to the coins brought tne rural school conferences and de church yet comes first with the women Elizabeth Kelly, of Johnston county; out of the water, the dredger dis- rnonstrations. These were presided of North Carolina. This situation. 1 Miss Maud Barnard, of McDowell; lodged a number of iron crosses, sup- over by State Supervisor L. C. Brog hope, may continue. It will con- Miss Cassidy, of Sampson, and Miss posedly used for burial purposes. The dn ahd Prof. E. E. Balcomb. They tiime If the churches modify their Shotwell, of Granville, Miss Mary crosses were almost falling to pieces also, .with .the assistance of Mrs. C. C. organizations in adaptation to mod- Arrington, now at the State Normal from rust, and it is thought that they Hok and Miss Mary O, Graham ar ern ideas of democracy. College, won high appreciation as as- were brought to this harbor many ranged for the demonstrations The most distinguished service ren- sistant county superintendent of years ago to supply the mission sta- Misses Shotwell, of Granville coun dered by any woman in the State to Franklin county. tions. ty, Barnard, of McDowell county her church is that of Miss Fannie E. Opportunities Opening Widely. ' While no one believes that Terminal Rhinehardt, of Alamance county! . Heck, head of the remarkable or- Freedom for self-expression in Island will prove another treasure is- Kelly, of Johnston county, Cassidy, of ganlzation of women for Baptist mis- North Carolina has resulted in profes- land, much interest has been aroused Sampson county, brought teams ' of ou3, nuvnn cms iuiaMuuarjf j iiiuii. i tsiuiiiii iixu uusixiess opporiumiies uy tilt; inuxicjr aumcu uul ul irit; mua- & u Lt ai,a-i a 11 urn ineir respec The full story of Miss Heck's work opening widely. Bread and butter and dy depths, and plans are 'being made tive counties who gave actual demon - lave J to make a systematic search in case strations in cooking and sewing an would make an interesting and inspir-1 Jam, too, are obtainable! We hav ational volume. our woman chemist in the service of gold or other valuables may be ronos Anoiner among tne large company tne atate, Miss Daisy Alien, or Louis- ing on tne oottom ot the harbor. or those who have won distinction burg; Mrs. A. M. Fry, of Bryson City, tn fhl1TVl Wrtrlr 4c fra T 15 T V. - o rll T" laWAr1 tViara n fa r tin m liov rif now of Fayotteville. M. John not women physicians, among them Dr. r4" '" 1 01 ine only directs arge activiUes in the Dixon-Carroll, of Ralefgh and Dr. An- Bakan, ar' ternt.ory to the extent North Carolina. Cnfn v i Alerandfit. of Hhrintt ' :iPrA 1q of. 14,685 square miles with a popula- of the council that Iuls In ph91 h a woman dentist who assists Jier hus- tioh of , 1,481, bl4. The total area of entire mission work of the Methodist band in his practice. I thinkhe lives Ve Church. South. at Webster. She was Miss Zacltary before her marri. The 15Vii-nrHnn ia'n .nvnfAactAn'al tw. I hf'fn divided in . to 12 fl1minietrof!,.n . - - ZJtmZ v. wag man aiso, ior cerxainiy tne culture and ruisincL, matins a. ioia.i or aamin- State. actlT along, civic and philan- knowledge necessary can never be re- istrative districts in the vhole coun- "rp u8l , -iv..v,uiwii, paia m salary, miss Minnie Leather- th originaL club woman of the State, man. in the -service of the State is woman honored, and loved, through- secreUry to the Library Conimiseion out the .State.) and one whose counsel Miss Jennie CofSnr of Rateiwh,-a ti- is sousui hi wcuons oi me oranan oi xnvuYi Ranefn Library, than 600 miles are in conr nf w J - t . 111,5 name, wmcn ha natloti. Then we have Mrs. Eugene lis an important factor in the life of struct ion course of con- been given him; of "the Mark TwsLm s lier hus- lion, or ,i,i.oi. ine total area of Over aJl the meetings of 1 kshe lives 'the country today is, therefore, 33,312 sembly, State Supertntlndeht iss; Daisy -sare mi ea with a total population struction J.- Y. Joyr?er presi zeA ' , W?jy! t in person, in spiri t. ITh try. -The State of Western Australia conducted in their rural jhnr The farm-life schools, of Jamestown and Pleasant Garden in Guilford county demonstrated, with teams of boys and girls, their work in agricul ture, carpentry, sewing and cooking. Over aJl the 'meeting nf tha aa. of In- presided, if person, m snirit. Thft a.iH mind and quick wit of Pres at r Noble brightened all the' general ses-' sions of the Assembly and the irre' pressible humor ' of Professor - Noble oft" rsfv3 ,.1 . JLl - c uutru tti tms session of the as- of North Caioliu5'