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Commissioners of Agriculture of South Address Message To Farmers MAJOR GRAHAM" RETURNS In Experience Meeting in At lanta Commissioners Em phasize Fact That Farmers and Business Men May Turn Period of flalnmlh i.v of Lasting Benefit Major W. A. Graham, Comrnis smner of Agriculture for the State of North Carolina, returned from At lanta where he attended the meeting of the Commissioners of Agriculture of all tho Southern States. Major (Ira ham brings back from that meet ing a message of optimism. Reduc tion in the cotton acreage for the tavvt year, the encouragement of di versified crops, and common sense Harness l,ke system of marketing farm -products these were the bie topics emphasized at that meeting Altogether according to Maior Graham it was an informal experU meeting of the commissioners-of the .several Southern States. All of them seeking the same end the bet torment of agricultural conditions in the. South these commissioners had M.nch to offer each other in the way f fSS11 leriment and assured t Mt. Gathered around a table in o-merence fashion they exchanged ( vfn'Tiences for the worth of them Ah a message of the commissioners Jh4lbo"th to e Southern farmers vmI tho Southern business men who for tneir e 1 UPn farm conditions fr me bu"esa success the meeting framed an address which signed by I r ce of Georgia; T. F. Peck, of Irnnessee; W. A. Graham, of North C-arohna: K. J. Watson, of South arolma: K. It. Kone. of Texas; II . B.ikeslee, of Mississippi; E O l.runer. of Louisiana; J. h. iage, 0f ArKansas; W. A. McRae, of Florida J. W. Newman, of Kentucky. , "4 fe months ago the farmers of the South were facing what seemed t" be a prosperous period, but the outbreak of the European war which brought disaster to the cotton Tiiarkct, the principal crop of the "uth. has changed from what ap-r-ared prosperous conditions to a xTl!m f ,ca,amitr, so far as the present crop is concerned. But if the farmers and the business men of the jVuuh will they can do much to turn this condition of calamity into a last ly benefit for the Southern farmer and business interests. Those in J-harge of the agricultural work have -en i urging the importance of di versifications of crops and to no "tiger - rely upon the one crop system, f , PollO' had become so familiarly established by those ex- cMHling credit that it was hard for the farmer to get away from the ' The South has been buying its food 'duets largely from other sections J,,. VUf" V"ntr'' sending money away jn.it could and should have remained Mni -J'e local circulation. Climatic iin'; s,nl conditions, in fact, everything nr !ilvfal,le for the production of the rops that the South has been depend- upon other States supplying its ;T'r ' t ls apparent that we must t nango from the one-crop system to a siem that will produce at home the I'X'd stuffs that have been coming to if V ot.her -actions of the country. I tllC busineya tnon e r,A o.ui. :n 1 . '"en . ' i. iuc cuuui Will "na their active co-operation to the irmers in assisting them in providing "leans of preparing the crops for mar- -ei arid cash markets for same, as 'ey have been accustomed to with e cotton crop, and the farmers will J.t versify their crops, this calamity ,,r'.',e changed into permanent pros Parity. "In the sale of cotton the Southern rarmer has had no competitor and no muter what the condition of the bale as to covering it was received upon le market. This will not be the rnM Av,ien he enters with grain and "trier forage crops, and he must learn l' Put these products in a condition f"ular to that from other sections. ' grain must be graded, and come It tlle reluirenients of the law reg ''latiiig the sale of such products, or J,se the farmer of the South will suf "" necessarily very severe loss in juiing. ife ran not eXpect to receive iue price at which this grain is sold at 'tail when he offers it in wholesale 'HiantiUes, but will only obtain the .nee which the markets justify. "All the cotton States, with the ex '"Ption of North Carolina and Ten '.ssee, from the best statistics we fan obtain, import each year food uMfu for man and beast to an amount BgiANDMEGHANia equal tr. u the reH; of Vu " nt proSr r:r- w? wy the lflf.r, . . Slate "Timent of this point u;; c V' ai attentoin to lords to isi.t antlTla,iy ur" Jd l" raising Jupps TaP borers and farms "a ' h rt heil" sm yearly lease system he annual or to cover the t bexted so as "rcueiJ ior a rota tion. ill r iw t i v fronts us. Have w tT Ht Con" proflt bv th ;.?le,.J..e -the opacity to --v uuuuiern iarm 11 we ha his ancestor ,"-:r V1H what "rie. one of the most ...... V Ll I ies of their If independent tvne rorefathers fulVdled the dut the men of utt. v "perous the reciuirements as they wre' we Un look for th return to the res , Xhi the' received froni their Iq;ors. ' FINDS 75 VX KNOWN I'J.ANIS lr. .1. X Hose Makes Successful iio lamcal rrip to Chile And IVni New lurk Times. TnSf; N' st' of the Smithsonian Institution. Washington. DC a re search associate in the department of botanical researcli in the Carne-e Institute, arrived at the Hotel Mr Alpin after a six months' trip through Peru and Chile in search of desert plants. He brings with" him more than 75 different species, of which there were previously no specimens' in this country, besides a large number of other plants already known to Ame rican botanists. The living plants will be sent to the Botanical Garden, and the other speciments to the Carnegie Institute's museum. The prize of the collection is a speci men of the Cereus castaneus the only complete specimen known, in fact; for the first, which was found by Filippi about 50 years ago, and is now in the museum at Santiago, Chile, had only a single blossom and a few spines. Dr. Rose found his com plete ceheus in a desert near the coast to the south of Santiago. Other valuable specimens are varie ties of the echinocactus and opuntia. Dr. Rose made some of his researches in deserts 15,000 feet above sea level, and spent some time in the neighbor hood of Cuzco, the ancient capital of the Incas. The war, he said, had produced ex treme economic depression both in Chile and Peru, and the people of both countries were quite neutral in senti ment. Their attitude toward Ameri cans Dr. Rose found extremely cordial and the Chilean government paid him many courtesies, and detailed one of the best botanists in the country to aid him. POSTMASTER ARRESTED. Mrs. Walker Charged With $1,106 Shortage at Graphiteville. Asheville, Dec. 19. Mrs. Dolores Pearl Walker, postmaster at Graphite ville, N. C, was brought to Asheville today by Tostal Inspector B. B. Webb and Deputy Marshall John V. Jordan, charged with rendering false and fraudulent returns of cancellation to the auditor for the Postoffice Depart ment, while serving as assistant post master prior to the time of her arrest. She is charged with being responsible for an alleged shortage of $1,106. J Lawton has been sworn in to perform the duties of postmaster pending the disposition of the caseoiu---ant The latter gave bond before the United States Commissioner for her appearance at the next criminal term of district court here. DOUBLE DEBATE ARRANGED W'ike Forest to 3Icet Richmond Col le at Ralcish and Richmond. EKrrpSt Dec. 19. The De- . rZr hs arranged for Date ou .. between Wake (iOUDie .,AtTBk rt v!A . nnV.iaft in re . . ri ' W '3 7 ' . I-" J Cli ..... eiern. -n w ---- a """"'J " Richmond College to b held the first Friday night in April On that night one debate will be held ?nn Richmond and the other m Ral- fne subject has been agreed upon iSfoS?ved. that all industrial dis The follow- agreed upon. nutes be settled by compulsory arbi puies - Anm vail divide will - " i ii h ivv m"y-l'.t-"CA Wake Forest Sve at one debate and th8v5Sy albafe, .Wt! Kl'wiU be chosen to participate in fffflS their intention of Pterins the preliminary. . " avc f,.. jj. - ' "lie m .T- uth who can proTucJY"1? of ue an earlier date 'r'r"duc-ts mand than any oth.rSUp,,Iy lhiii world a fixed niarket U' -lveJ3SS?lKo froti 00 -op .system five attention tc?'liv,rt.mor hh( tent that his monJv i to the ex wiH permit. J an1 opportunity feln-of the farmer to but in marketing u f ther cro the co-operation off ,u' he need and bankers f the T ,M,sin men earnestly request t? Fuuntr'. and we that the lr fiance, and each SJflf fcUiV deportment L,eo,a . attentoin BORDER TROUBLE NOT SERIOUS 110 tarotiiet s Says Everything: Can n . r" J Mo and G-eial Bliss Agrees "ashinRton, Dec If. 1 '-a f ; y Anicri' an V-On.Sul Ap-nt ' L mnf- Ipartmeru todav. ;if;..r a ' onfnren.v with th.. m.,,,.... . , . "'ujhii it aJ - ers. it wa. T 1 1 : J lliS 1 b-arned today ti.at r.n.-n. '-""i'ur.ii r:i' ft,,. .... f r- r . . . , 1 . r' - t I I ui, r:;is rcci' f'j arroti a pla;. ot thf siiwaiitm. Th. made public. (JenArai staft, who was sent u iu reacn .Naci tonislit or- i'l;r-.l.i tu Siv . for .s'ttieiru-T;t plan was n.t S.v.U, rhif uf 111 iMllUtT t was x - ii.. ... 1 1 i nought probabl- T iii:s. r. ro it l Zl: -V e n "'nimendatimis to the - resident until he loams the results t-nai conterence and C.eripral Scott's report. ha.-- re -ived C'arranza Claini I-aiedo, Texas, D,m raoio Ionzales Made It. has reached tlo- iVi. nueo oil hPid district with 10,00m troops, prepared for an offensive ram paiKn against Villa forces at Tampi.-o according to a dispatch re.-eivpd h. n today. The same message assorted Carranza troops had captured Parras. a small town near Torreori, and (,nnrmed re ports that Villa forces at San l.uis lotosi had gone o.-r to Carranza. Zapata Victory Reported -Mexico City ( via I'll Pasn), Dec. 19. .Jose Ortiz Rodiuez wax appointed tonisfht acting minister of foreign af fairs. General Zapata's oflicial report of the capture of I'uebia was received today. It said a force of ten thou sand was pursuing th- Carranza troops. Two thousand prisoners, sev eral pieces of artillery and other equip mem were reported captured. According to official reports Gen eral Villa on December 11 entered Gaudalajara. which had been evacuat ed by the Carranza garrison. Scxtt Arrived I.u.-,t Night Naco. Ariz.. Dec. 19. Tirigadier General Hugh D. Scott, chiet of stall of the United States army, was expect ed here late today on his mission to bring peace to the border. His pro posed conference with the rival Mex ican leaders Governor ' Jose Maytor ena and General Benjamin Hill prob ably will take place early next week. The eighteenth infantry regiment and one battery of the fifth field ar tillery arrived here today. The two remaining regiments of the sixth bri gade and two batteries of artillery are due tomorrow. BIRCH ROD DAYS COM An Klderly Man Recalls How Children Used to Be Brought Up. Philadelphia Record. "What a difference there is in the bringing up of children in these days to what it was when I was young," re marked an elderly man in an uptown eating house. "In my own home, as well as in other homes, a birch rod or a good-sized leather strap was kept in a convenient place, the sight of which had a strong impressron upon my mind- It was the general practice then to chastise children for disobed ience or any other wrong behavior. "Boys of 12 to 14 years in our town never knew what it was to be out of the home or home yard after 8 o'clock, and most of us were in bed by that time, and the streets were quiet and deserted by 10. I remember how the people talked when a new family mov ed in the place and allowed their boys to run in the streets long after dark, and how the constable was appealed to in order to prevent the habit from growing. "Then, again, we had to be particu lar how we spoke to persons older than ourselves, and, if anything out of the way was said or done in the pres ence of women, a severe application of the birch rod or strap was sure to follow. The schools are better, too. than they used to be. The children are now taught to realize the worth of knowledge, and the school is more, of a home than the prison it used to be. One seldom or ever hears the cries of a boy being punished by his father or mother, and. no matter how late one happens to be out at night, he will find boys and girls on the streets. "We had no such entertainments as they now have- A magic lantern ex hibition used to be thought a grand thing, and was talked ab out for weeks after it had been shown in the village church. Now every" little town has its moving-picture theatre. Yes, sir, there is a great difference in the bringing up of children, and I often wonder whether it will prove to the moral good of the rising generation." The eight-hour movement United States began in 1SSS. in the itoi iiv io wuM ri.w VM Time I "or Im-tv-a-ltur rmuetit. Ix lan- Dr. .ford.in i f. ! i ' Sun, d r W r- a . ; ii it tv ' ;rn,.!!?.,.r;;v y, 1 I t K rUht i t i. d o3 t. - b. ha; !!! e v i t i: '' th ; a r t h i . t '''" - -: i-d v . U t I ' . ;? ,- , U if . i. . ... . . i . a n1 i r: t .s r - k I . !. .... M,,H,-tf,.r ux.tl f , " . '-'"Hi tHnf.rd i ,r - V m cthf,.r!:i,, and ;l f ' ;-;r. t ; . i :tit..r.,, . .i. . "' --'i isr-r in t!.. .-4. ... hr J ,r ,:tp V l ' 'venmp ame over froVr U.v . !h d"l to Ci.n . rar r ad lr ? . Alfred ' a i i , by .r '.die-. f:er e'.a . .lefTr-v ' i'rai!, Ii. W V. G wh. u.ts jt. at Stanf. pr.-Mdi d her : hi ! r tor ,r .? at ef i -e.ited Kb the f..r lli't a M!ti.;i " s:., ,,n. ,j c.a.i . 'ge i ---ereta r I I the 1 tr.-due d G c a h r i-'i th- J; n;ore i; dinner ..vTTV 1,r,n th.s country,- h.. d.-eini.,!. -r. " J "I wealth. ,r ,.ur coinm.-ve , "u.r mame.us, hut or ahunC ... det," ui Tll cfr...b. . ,.mm. n.-les and "v ) ars tn- r.- h.; !, warshij, or artnfd dd there hre noh.Mtv N iiafi..(1 n,,jM,v xplodes; where ew-ryhodx i.s !.,.,ded s.H.n.r or lat-r .tnbody vmU j.r,- the button that .,-t off the bla.i aoUr lia.s sui dthat ran do anytu.ng wuh iMXon, , x tn,t H. wit'lTi vU :''iU do ah,1,,sl - "vthint; hem 0r,; t-S-,"XCf'1,t k,'"J' "ri!'r 7" "VV -"t --rder ei.HUa.u M- ps. All r. for y .tr,. iltl,iM,.iMt. without p. are. IT. .J. n:an said that he b, h. ,..tS war would eorn,. an ,.n(1 ah(i,i( n a re li . "If I should try to estiruat- how hmg lt would take to hrinq th.- r.a Hons to M-rfe, t proMratio,, tinaa- ialls should nirss a y,;ir. ;ul in another three months or so the inhuman --train on the people of Kurop,- wall beheve. be all they can endure I ex peet then a yreat cry for p.-ae'e from the prostiate nations --a orv like th. fry of children lost in the fore.-t ready 1 ,eo...j00 women have be,.n 'lt owed or robbed of hushands-to-be ihere will probably . another 1 ton, J moo oi bereaved women Ief.,r. i over. "If, as the Arab prov.-rb has it od counts the tears of women ' there will he a fearful record again-t us men who glorify murd. r - s'peak nig of the causey of thep recent war Dr. Jordan said that no one nation" or people was responsible for it but military efficiency and the race be twn-V .nati,,ns to Pile, up armaments this war," he said, "has been K,. mg on for six years at least, probablv longer, in the struggle for 'armed peace, and 'armed peace" is the -f, male of the species war. War be gins when a nation is prepared for war. Germany was most nearly ore. pared and it began there "On May 26. 19 1,7, I was incited bv the German Consul, in his ollieial ca pacity, to attend a lecture in San Irancisco given by General Bern hardi I went there and found about o00 German-Americans, with the con sul officially in the chair As far a I remember, there were no reporter and no publicity. Bernhardt is a tall rather dignified, reserved and seriou man, with a courteous manner -and military bearing, and a very prosy speaker. He started in by repud: ating law. Strong nations, ho said had nothing to do with law He told his hearers of the war that was com ing soon. "Iast July I received a letter from Germany in which was the expreo-n concerning war. 'We are going to ps.t it through this time.' "The peace palace at The Hague has been called the costliest je.-t. the grimmest failure in history. And yt the advocates of peace have won one great victory. For the first time in history no man and no clique of men dares to say 'We started this war' Kvi'one loudly denies his respond bility. It is a foundling left on the doorstep or civilization. Never here- ever dare to brmif alter will anyone about a war "As for the danger to this country there is none, and will bo none. The nations of Kurope will be prostrated when this war closes. Japan is as de pendent upon this country a-s Annap olis is on Baltimore. One. third of her commerce is with the United States She could not think of fighting thin country and knows it. Neither could any other nation, even if one should wish to do so. Dr. Jordan declared in his a hire-, to the Goucher girls that he and th advocates of peace looked forward to the democratization of Rurope after the war. While he spoke the Goucher girls were busily knitting garment for the Belgians and Dr. Jordan com mented favorably on it. President Guth. in introducing th speaker to the girls, said one of hi. early recollections of Dr. Jordan rvs a university president was seeing him slide to first base after a safe h;t on the baseball field. Netherlands. India, in ISO 2 pro duced 1,505,660 tor; of petroieum.