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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
a a m MTMkTn TTVi fe. m mm mm - - I i " " 7 si ii a hi mi " 11 11 ri nn i n un BRYAN SttJm UN RELATIONS TO SOCIETY c j. . Ci.i. r ! i Rational secretary ui oiaie uenvers Inspiring Address At Social Service Conference .0 LABOR IS n between my leaving Washington and OTDAMPI V riDDAQm I,1Vdl m iring to persuade him OlnUHbLi UrrUoLU not to make Daniels speech in in troducing me. I am very grateful for the praise and if any man needs it I think I do, because it -takes a good deal of praise from friends to over come the criticism that I have re ceived lor 'about 2d years, but I have long since learned that the kind words said of me by my political associates are not really intended to be personal. hen a man praises me in language I simply understand to some extent his own ideas. I think that my friend here is just trying to describe his ideal mnn. thf-idfAl trtu-nrrl wViirV Vio Ml . A. W. McAl'lSter. EleCtfifl and 1 are striving, so I accept all that ,cia, es No Man Has a Right to Check Child's Opportunity ov Give it an Inferior Chance, Conservation of Manhood Greatest Thing; Makes Elo oueiit Plea For Temperance, i President of Conference signing address William Miy the Almighty bless William Jon'.inq-i J.iryan for that" devountly nr;n.iur-?d a woman Conference dele ft Saturday morning. The Com v.or.oT had jast told of 4.000 young rn:.vrify fit Michigan men the I'lt-di; as a result of his lefr' them. ! y the Almighty bless J.-r: r.r;m for that!" The refrain sang through the of thousands of moth?rs in u a'idience and a mother's ought to receive particular at f:iv, God. ;v sume one said the 'inference. t 4.000 people in the au- ui.urij!. at ;:! yesteruay morning he received must have been firatlf to hin,. Tie was escorted Ly (;ov.:-rmr Locke Craig. Senator O. M.x dardr.r. Representative Henrv At'.rn-y General liickett, Mr. Llr .k- and Rev. T. V.'. O'Kel- th:l ;;: jru ': tenti -Ti durir g A T. I in'r- once. Air. UWkctt Introduce. th-.' absence of Secretary of the Jo-phus Daniels, Mr. .liickett t i Mr. Bryan to his audi The Attorney General explain- h.j was only a substitute, lie remind ?d his audience of that most fa;hti,' incident in all history. It was wIuti Jacob worked seven long year f.-t Iiachel and got Leah. "Lades and gentlemen," said Mr. Ui'.-kptt. "I am Leah." ihn Mr. Bryan came to the ti tno stag? and from his first to his last he had his audience him. And in that audience Meredith College again. They one section of the auditorium. he hopes to reach." Mr. Bryan, when he arose to speak, iook on: a cap ne naa oeen -wearing and held it in his hand. Holding it up he said: "I wish to tell you the history of this cap. I visited Asheville, my sum mer home, if I may call a bare moun tain top my summer home, a few weeks ago and went back through eastern Tennessee. When 1 returned home I received this cap. A gentle man told me that his little daughter noticed that I was lacking somewhat of hair,' and so she thought that pos sibly it would be to my comfort if not to my health, soshe made this for me. It is a little too large, but the little daughter was probably afraid to make it the size that she thought it ought to be. I am wearing this for two purposes for self protection, and as a compliment of a very kindly dis posed friend. "1 am surpirsed at this crowd here this morning. I supposed if there was anybody that would be apt to over-estimate this audience in advance it would have been Governor Craig j lie explained to me this morning that it was at an early hour that 1 was going to speak and by speaking this afternoon also the crowd would be divided, and for me not to be disap pointed if the crowd was not large. gates of these 12,000 teachers amount ing to .600, naturally those who had confidence in their profession. This constituted the audience which I ad dressed, in addition to some others who came to hear what was said to the teachers. I am beginning to feel mat time is precious; I realize that each year takes off one from the time allotted tO me and thnt T rsnnnt hnno to speak two times to the same peo ple. I am anxious that I make everv moment pay. Individual Relation. "I shall speak from one of the three realations of the individual to thines about him the three most imnnnn n r relations that man has to adiust him self to in the journey from cradle to the grave. Todav it is convenient for me to use one of these in my speech to you. one to the Legislature and the other tonight in Durham. The three relations tnat man bears to the out side world are: His relations to trov- ernment; his relations to society and his relations to God. I shall sneak nt noon on a man's relation to govern ment. I shall speak this morning on a Jians Kelation to Societv and tor night under the auspices of the Dur ham Y. M. C. A., of Man's Relation to God. I have given these three funda mentals for these relations lie at the very foundation of life. I regard the man's relation to government as the least important; man's relation to so- -i ciety as second m importance; man s relation to God as first, the primary ana most important relation, ana in this relation I am following the scrip ture of the lawyer seeking to temnt vnnsc wnen ne asKea mm wnicn was the greatest commandment and Christ gave mm two commandments, a con densation of the ten. Lawyer Rendered Service. "Many of the lawyers render a great service to society sometimes when they do not intend to. This lawyer rendered as great a service an anv lawyer ever renaerea society, even tnougn ne aia not mtena it. trie was trying to trip the Savior by asking which is the great commandment? 'Thou shalt love the Lord thy God. Thou shalt love thy neighbor as thy self. "We have the first command ment to us by this statement as the first in the ten commandments, and we have it emphasized by Christ in answering the question that brought I them myself. I had trouble asking questions once in Britain. so I answer my questions now. Mv fir. qustic much car. a man honestlv odl- ocieiy? You will notice that emphasis upon the word ,-ho!.p not how much, he can collect fro: ciety. You will notice th.it the "honest" is verv in.'.Hirtam h'clt;: is a word that distinguishes, much can a man honestly eol'iert society? He cannot honest! v e from society more than he earn if a man collects more than aoou Great own l How t trin .ivy what some hodv el- word ; -e it iT h.4 front word with was filled You reception he got without know the teini told. Mr. Uryau spoke for over an hour. H address appears in full below. The Climax. Hi- message waa the climax of the tiuru annual session of the North Carolina conference for sociaf service. V lJ rPCjona as its most successful. Aside from Mr. Bryan's address, the hty was marked by the election of of ficers and a description of "Commu nity s nice Week in North Carolina, jm-lMS," by Dr. E. K. Graham, Chapel HiU. The following officers were elected: rresident, w A McAlister, (.rnsboro; First Vice-President, E. K. Craham, Chapel Hill; Second Vice I recent. Mrs. W. R. Hollowell; Lird Vice-President, W. H. Swift, -reensboro; Warren Booker, Secretary-Treasurer. The President was given power to JWint chairmen of the various standing committees. Resolutions were adopted endorsing the Work man s Compensation Act. President oe, who has served the association y-ry raithfully for the r its life, complimented jr-B officers and paid his tne miserable condition toriura was in to receive ilr seats WPro nt In . . V. Al VV Ilk as dirtv. and it was n little eoider in the building than it was side. Mr. Bryan's Address. is very pleasant to be here. Clay evening vr-ir A So (nrTiiic)i J'nsman. my personal friend, came vJJne n a sorrowful and mournful -m ?ntl announced that the con .aeration of the navy bill was in J'W'urtune just when he had. planned ,,fe down here, and this trip that J.M- li , to make wh him, I was 5d to make alone. 1 never rrm r. 1. place bit out it three years the incom respects to the audi Mr. Bryan. place, the was a h i ? 11 1,ookinK tor Daniels. I have " him identWed with your city since cx-S u- Know him. and I have thor linn v"Jl'l intimate associa- hixo , "lliai positions that we nae had for about two years. I hi.,T 4r.l?en Klad to have had so nJJ ' Ultnh his friendship is wn?M eJ0lJ lhat 1 afraid that he t,,: V" v,L?arass n-.e by his words of ... 11 I had known In ndvan'rp '.us asked to 'r.lf- x1 1 III .1. " ' IIU I . A .k : .1 C 1 - . nent my time The only way I can explain the under estimate of the crowd this morning is the influence of the good work Governor Craier which accounts for this effect upon the people. lie plac ed such a moderate estimate upon the effect of his own influence that he did not expect to see such a large as sembly. Praises Social Service. "I think it is a most creditable show that these people have made. It is gratifying to find that an organization three years old with such lofty pur poses and one that has been able to arouse so much interest among the people. to talk about in the time that is alotted me, but I am always told just how long I can speak. 1 am glad that I am, for if I were not, I do not know how long I would talk. "I have a great deal that I would like to say to you. When I began speaking in public at the age of 20, I figured it that I ought to speak 20 minutes. I thought it was as short a time as a man oucht to speak. For the first few times I had some diffi culty in getting enough ready to keep me 20 minutes, and then I had to follow the advice I had this morning speak slow; I had no difficulty in speaking slow. Once about 25 years ago I was to make a speech and was riding in the caboose of a freight train. A man in the same car told . m . J3 me tnat ne tnougnt a speaKer cotu not be interesting for more than an hour. It seemed absurd to me for I was then talking two hours. I have been adding to my speech every since -until recently. I found that this man was decided in his opinion in that a man could not be interesting for more than an hour, for when I had spoken an hour he arose and went out of the room, borne years ago a speaker at Yale asked the president of the college how much time ne would have. The president told him as much as he wanted but that he had searched the records of the col lege and had found no place where n. man had said anything after the first 20 minutes. According to that a man runs some risk in talking more than 20 minutes. I am going to run the risk. I think that I shall not talk an hour. Speech To Teachers. "Now I have three speches to make and I think I will make three speeches from the speech I made in New Jersey a few weeks ago. I was invited to address the teachers of New Jersey at Atlantic City. About 600 teachers were nresent. That represented the Teachers' Association of that State in eluding a membership of 12,000. The association has among its members about 12.000 of the 14,000 teachers of the State. Tt was made up "of dele up this very proposition, and so in speaking of man's relation to God. I speak of man's primary relation. Some people put the emphasis on the second commandment, but the emphasis should be. as stated by Christ, on the first. The reason for this is that until man is brought face to face with his Eternal Creator he does not know his neighbor, therefore it is necessary that man should obey the first com mandment before he is in position to obey the second one. The very thing that leads man to disobey the first srreat commandment is the very thing that leads him to disobey the second. False God Is Self. "It is not a question whether v,re shall worship images and call them idols, or anything of the kind. You can take the false gods of today, no matter what they are and in the last analysis you will find that every false god is self, tha;t there is not a thing than man puts between himself and the surrender of himself to Jehovah but self and that there is not any thing but self that he worships in the place of God. It is only when the individual obeys God's command ments, surrenders himself to the Heavenly Father, ready to do the Father's bidding, obeys the Father's will, that he is obedient to the first commandment and he is then ready to obey the second. Man's Relation To Society. "I came to speak of man's relation to society. I remind you that in man s relation to society, in his relation to God, in his relation to government, it is not a question of whether there shall be relationship between himself and society; it is simply what that relationship shall be. "I shall divide the subject into two parts, speaking first of the negative side, then of the positive side of life; things that man should not do as t I 1 A m 9 A 1 A a memoer or society ana tmngs tnat a man should do as a member of society. In this relation there is a difference between the golden rule of Confuscisra and the Golden Rule of Christ. It has been psychologically de veloped that the Golden Rule of Con- fuscism was quite dissimilar to the Golden Rule of Christ. The Con fuscism side, "Do not unto others that which you would not have others do unto you." The Christ side, "Do unto others that which you would have others do unto you." If a man simply obeys the first he will still restrain from injury, but he will be barren of good. In this world something more is reauired or a man man iu simply refrain from injury. Discusses Negative Side. "I desire to lay down the first pro position for your consideration, one that relates to the negative side of life. It is a rule that will prevent us from doing economical injustices. think I will be able to convince you that it is a verv important rule. If there is any novelty at all in what say it will be in the way 1 present it to the organization for , argument. Have you thought out the proposition that you are willing to stand upon the measure of what a man should draw from the society. Do you know that man's realation to society can not br fixed at all and. that there is a measured reward: Let me ask some questions, though I intend to answer he collects earned and that i? not riiht. How Much Can Man larn? "How much can a man earn? Thi is a verv lmoorta mt jronosirion It' i man cannot hone.-tlv collect inor-.- than he earns. thn the question is how much can he earn. Some o.ir.i more than the measure of service that they render to soHetv Von hav.- taken the word service ami mad ii a part of your organization, and 1 have placed the emnhasis on 'servic' as a basis of earnintr oower. When ever a man crets to be radical t'mw- who do not acree with him assure- that. he is trying to disocurage thrift. There is never anvthinsr nronosod in the interest of iustice that is not de nounced as discom aging thrift b;. those who know that his thrift pro ject is not based on honest service. 1 am not radical in a sense that I vuuld limit a man to a small income. No man goes higher than I in estimative what a man can earn. J have a ver liberal idea of the earning power ot man. in order to nut mivselt uear be fore you I will now start asking ques tions with stated amounts. Value of Service. "I will begin with SiOO.OUO. Can a man render service to soeietv so as t be justified in collecting S10O.O0'.' from society in a life time? Now to earn S 100.000 in a life time. h would have to earn $3,000 for So years, the average life time of labor. I do not hesitate to say that a man can render service to society and in re turn earn the average $3,000 for years. Is it possible for a man t render service worth $30,000 per year? I believe that it is. How about ten millions in a life time -more than $300,000 per year for 33 yeai.--. i believe it is. Large learnings Possible. "Can a man earn $100,000,000 ir a life time and render service so large that he would be justified in col lecting at the rate of $3,000,000 fo 3 3 years? I believe it is possible. W have one man who has collected front society $500,000,000 and I will ask now whether it is possible for a hu- man being to rentier service so iarn as to earn $ COO, 000, 000 in the spano life' 1 believe it is pos- of a human sible. "1 have now gone as far as any man in this country has ever gone. lv my judgment I think that men can earn $500,000,000 and I declare thru man has earned $500,000,000. Value of Inventions. "I will point to you an illustration or two. Can you value the service rendered to society by the men who gave to the world steam? The valu of the serrice rendered society by the man who gave to the world the idea of the advantage of electricity? Steam revolutionized the world, and elec tricity is just in its first stages. How can you measure the value in dollar. and cents the service that these have given to the world? "Go back into the history and measure if you can the value rendered to the yvorld. Value the service ren dered by those who have put into operation this great organization that is giving moral progress to the world. Measure, if you can, the value tnat this has rendered. Progress will Oe better recognized and more fully ac knowledged in the years to come than in the years past. Collection and Earmng. "If I gave you a list containing the names or tne men ana women wm rendered service as much as to earn $500,000,000, the same thing would be true to every one of them, thougri in not a single instance has any of them collected it. Those who have earned $500,000,000 have been so busy that they have not had time to col lect it, and those who have collected $500,000,000 collected it without hav ing time to earn it. "Every man and woman should be obedient to the economical law, and no one should draw from th6 store of soceity except in proportion to service rendered society. In other words, we must be sure that what ever we collect must be ours by morar right, for there is a very wide margin between what the legal law would permit and yvhat the moral law would permit. Legal and Moral Law. '"The man who is only legally moral and honest according to statue is not the kind of a man you would want for your intimate friend, even for your neighbor. There is a controlling impulse that lies back of the law and it must be in the heart of every man a determination not to take from so ciety a single dollar that he has not honestly earned. Man could obey that commandment if he would live up to that law, for if ie is careful never to wrong another r- 'man being by tak ing from society'- store compensation without value of the service rendered. he can say I have kept the command ment of ConfuscisnL -Dd not unto others what you would not have them do unto you,' but if all were to dc m 3 - Ui 1 4 X I I 1 ! T !: i i S' I ' 5 I; H i! if- s !t l 1 5 ) h ii r i i: i ( Continued on ?3ge si.) r