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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
13 Progress made in bringing MORE PEOPLE TO THE SOUTH men either fur farm hands or tenants. An active correspondence was started with a number of central eharitv. civic and philanthropic bodies in large r.orthern cities ti ascertain if familv men. who had had some farming ex perience, had recently com1 under their observation, and if .such bodie.s SELF-CONTROL H C. L. 1IIMON LiiiliHi'ii Settlement ana Development Organization peeved a particular plan for bringing ' . , . . the lob-Ws man and ihe man-less Establishes iirst JhJelgian Refugee Colony at Tulla- farm toother could he worked out. rn Ai1 -j i . .. . A large number of replies were reeeiv- honia, lennessee Other Colonization Work. ed an sympathetic but most of which K.,ltimore. Feb. C The First Bel?: . M ft . ... K. -luge' .oiony m .vmerica was . ,t.iMi-hed M Tullahoma, Tennessee, T'.r.i-uii ihe efforts of the Southern L.-triHtm-ut aud Development Organ- i .. T i . i 1 ! . early l" .Janumj. ic '"''-"'J . .,ii.-i.-ts of twenty-seven individuals all the men are experienced iar- 111' IS Wll'l IltlV'J CAviiiv v . v.iinuvvu i." i.ureliase land from the owners on ' ... . 11 1 11 i. i ins w hich snouid enanie mem iu mi v for the land, improvements, tools, ' . t j stock and otner essentials iroin products of their farms before th- nine oi nnai mem.. it may be of interest to Know that . . a :s. i u : Ui colonists IOOK possession ui men vn.-rican homes six weeks and three i-,vs after Mr. W. II. Alanss, vice i fAi.o1 tnoii'iirur cf this ..nriuiization, sailed irom ew iorK i rum the task ot selecting Belgian refugees WHO couiu measure up iu tiic established standard ot requirements inasmuch as this mission, in the be- 'inr.ii.itf. was something of an experi lllCItl. IOI til IHOt l nr.- iiuiiirv;uv.un.u filiation developed by the European iiv the ciuded in the price of the land and subject to the same terms of payment. third: Pood. seed, fertilizers, etc.. must be guaranteed each family dur ing the non-productive period of farm development, perhaps for six to twelve months. Fourth: The colony must be com pact; the farms small, so that the set tlers may have something of the com munity life to which they have been accustomed and which is essential to their happiness and therefore to their efficiency. Fifth: Because the Flemish are specialists in agriculture they should be located on land which is suitable for the particular agricultural em ployment which they practiced in Belgium; some specialize in truck gardening, others in dairying, others in fruit culture, others in poultry, etc. Sixth: The colony should have the services of a proficient agriculturist who could teach them American methods of farming, growing vege tables, marketing, etc. In the establishment of ' the first colony the exact letter and spirit of the immigration laws, and all the were pessimistic as to the success of any such effort. Most of the organ izations wrote there were a number of family men who had had farmin; experience who luul come under their observation. Notwithstanding the tone of pessi mism which ran through most of the letters from the charity and philan thropic organizations the Southern Settlement and Development Organiza tion believes that a practical plan will De evolved, wnich will loeuite some of the unemployed men of the North on Southern farms, either as laborers or tenants. MIGHTY UULlttlGlTS FORCE" var seemed to impose conditions al-1 rules and regulations of the imiui- m.i-t prohibitive of results, it was gration otiice were rigidly adhered to. .1.. t-nn ci wise to start the movement There has been nothiny spectacular member what is said in the gospels, Baltimore. Sun At Associate Congregational church the pastor, the Rec. Dr. Oliver Huck el, who visited Philadelphia and heard the Rev. William A. Sunday last week, spoke yesterday of "Billy Sunday My Latest Impressions of the Man and His Message." Dr. Huckel said, in part: "Whether we like Billy Sunday or not, whether we enjoy his slang, sar casm, methods, finances or his partic ular brand of theology, this is the fact devils do get cast out under his preaching, the devils of intemperance. immorality and indifference. We re vith a small colony. or sensational in tnts movement; in .Sew the demonstration is complete, tact, had these Flemish farmers en- . 1 .. at . ..li .l. ,1 1. a XI T!I ..1 t if has atoOtt me test oi aecompusueu. i iereu me uiuieu cuaies ana gone on .Ionization. It has transferred a number of Flemish tanners irom tne European war zone to larm lanas in SoMhern Tennessee, thus beginning the process of transforming destitute fugitives into American lanu owning n.rnur.-!. This happy conclusion was nh made possible by the co-opera their Tennessee farms before the Eu ropean war, they would have attract ed little or no attention. Some months before the great Eu ropean war began the Southern Set tlement and Development Organiza tion took up the problem of settling in the South, as "partially assisted fioii of public spirited, broad minded colonists," Americans of native and Southern land owners who were ac- foreign birth, who had had farming mated by motives of practical philan- experience but, for one reason or an thropy. It is obvious, however, that other, had been drawn into the in- if this colony is successtul, and the Ulustrial and commercial life of the ntliusiasm and contentment ot the harger cities in the north. Preliminary colouists promise success, l. will act investigation indicated there were a a.s a center of attractive influence large number of such men and it was which will automatically draw to it ascertained that many would gladly He friends and former neighbors of go back to the soil if they were "help- he Knglih colonists when the Euro- eu- to help themselves." It was piann- . ... .. I. ..I .... .i.-t.l ..T X, . . 1 . . 1 t , i"';iu vcii i." ui .in vuu. i eu to group mese people in colonies, "Master, we saw one casting out dev ils in Thy name, and we forbade him, because he folioweth not with us. And the Master answered, forbid him not. "Billy Sunday follows not with some of us in our special convention alities of speech or forms in the churches, but I have found on two visits to Philadelhia that he is stir ring that staid old city to its founda tions, and casting out devils. "I believe that Billy Sunday does some h-arm and a great deal of good. The harm is in vulgarizing religion, and in his slangy paraphrases of Scrip tures, and in his narrow, bigoted judgment of people who do not hap pen to agree with him or his ideas of religion. The good that he does is in awakening the churches, m stirring up a city from its religious indiffer ence, in striking some, strong blows England ner enjoyed a. greater tieirree oi urosnntv. nor imxiucf ii a more brilliant coterie of statesmen, scholars, and .soldiers, than during the rei?n of Queen Elizabeth. Conspic uous anions' the stars who crave luster to her ebrious administration wa.- Sir Philip Sidney. He was the fore most representative of English chiv alry, and was addressed by Sper-r as The president Of Nobles an i Chivalry. On nu" occasion a foolish young man tried to provoke him into a fiht ?oing so far as to spit in his face. Sir Philip ooojy wiped. It off and said: "Young man if I could as easily wipe your blood from my conscience as I can wipe this insult from my face 1 would this minute take your life." This was the very highest form of self-control and courage. The majority of men will no doubt say he was a coward to have submit - leu io so gross an insult, out it you will read his life you will find him as brave and magnanimous a soul as ever lived. The crowning act of his short and brilliant career proves be yond all question that he was the true and chivalrous knight, sans peur et sans reproche. At the battle of Zutphen, fought in the Netherlands against the Spanish and Italians. he displayed great bravery, receiving a wound which proved fatal. Overcome with thirst, as most wounded men are, he called for water. As he was about to place it to his lips a dying soldier was borne past and fixed greedy eyes on it. Sid ney handed it to him saying, "thy ne cessities are greater than mine." This unselfishness and thought for others in the very shadow of death could only have emanated from a brave and lofty spirit. The bully is always a coward at heart, oppressing the weak and helpless and will show the white feather when put to a se vere test. This organization, on several oc- asioii.s, has pointed out that if twenty sell them long time rive or fifty colonies, similar to the thus locate centers of colonization in for temperance, in bringing sinners partly ready farms" on to the truth, and in persuadinfi thou- and generous terms and sands to begin to lead new lives. I sincerely sympathize with those It take's a great deal of courage to deal with a coward for he has no con trol over himself and gives loose rein to his appetites and passions and there is no telling to what act they may drive him. "In the supremacy of self-control," says a prominent writer, "consists one of the perfections of the ideal man. Not to be impulsive, not to be spurred hither and thither by each desire that in turn comes uppermost, is what edu cation, moral education at least, strives to produce." Self-control is the chief distinction Tullahoma colony, could be establish- fluences at strategic points in the who do not like Billy Sunday. A year between man, made in the image of m the South within the next lew South. This matter was taken up ago I felt that way. But new light months, they inevitably would turn with a number of large land com- came to me after I heard him. No one southward a large number of desira- panies, boards of trade, and agricul- can give a true estimate of him until Me agricultural immigrants who will tural organizations with but indifferent they hear him. iorm part of the great immigration success. "I found everybody in Philadelphia movement which will set in to the it appears, however, that the earlier talking about him. The huge taber- Uniled States when European peace is efforts had not been altogether futile, nacle built for him ami holding 20,- istahlished. It is the opinion of a for immediatelv after the oreaniza- 000 people, is crowded twice a day number of well informed Southerners, tion's Belgian refugee" movement be- .ho are actively interested in the set- came a matter of public knowledge, tleinent and development of the there came, from a number of points V'outh. that a successful colony of an in the South, strong intimations that agricultural type not only will en- negotiations looking toward the colo- haiice the value of the tillable lands nization of Americanized foreigners in the community, but will bring to ami native Americans of agricultural that community settlers who would I antecedents somewhat along the lines lias I ,,f the Releian colonization and three times on Sunday. All clas ses and conditions of people are en thusiastic over him. His sermons, at least every one of the four that I heard, were excellent, full of plain strong truth, real sense and the gen uine Gospel. But, of course, they were different from all ordinary ser mons, l ney the Creator, and the brute who gives sway to his passions and appetites. When a man gives way to his angry passions, and commits a deed, or ut ters words which often hurt still more, he is placing himself on a level with the brutes of the fields. I think all of us in a moment of passion, when we lose control of our selves, give utterance to words which in our sober hours we would give any thing to recall. "Be silent or say something better than silence." "A golden tongue is in the mouth of the blessed." "What must be said of the man were punctuated with who has so little control of himself as to allow his appetite to make a guu- . .1 X. . -. .....1, i. 1 W 1 .- 1 . . . . . I 1 j.s. ' - i" require assistance, oi tne wejgian colonization pians, the latest slang of the street; they oeen given 1.110 premier coiony " were re-opening or tnemseives. Tne bristled with humor and sarcasm; ton of him, or worse still, come under lennessee. organization at once took up the mat- they Wfere illuminated with baseball the influence of strong drink, thereby It must be borne in mind that these ter and already two large colonies of and other stories, and all was de- riethroning his reason and committing Vl.inish farmers, for such are the Holland-Americans are going through Hvered in the most startling acrobatic some act for which he will have to liflglan refugees in Wliom lllis orga- the process Ot establishment in two Uivlp of P-estnve lenns and dives. suffer the remainder of bis life tiialion is interesting itself, were 0f the Southern States. The indica- iriven from their homes by the move- tions are that in a few weeks several u ids of contending armies. They colonies of native and foreign born ex iled precipitately, taking with them farmers will be, taken out of indus ujily what they could carry on their tralism and placed on Southern soil. backs. Some, in fact many, of them The solution of this problem is much theology that mattei ire land owners or have other pro-1 more simole ! than that involved in I truth is all right. His gospel is the grief, fear, and even joy. produce the 'ertv of value in Belgium, but none the settlement of the Flemish, for the J everlasting gospel of God's love and most harmful effects. leaving a legacy oi ibis property is now, and perhaps factors are entirely domestic and power. He calls men to forsake sin nf harm to those who follow after iu never will be, available as a source for those relating to ocean transporta- I and follow Christ, to consecrate tne the years to come. How careful Ta- . 1 1 .a. 111 1 . . 1 , . -1 1 i ;!: 1 a nnrt xo riLTiiT- 1 is.- 4 , . s , i . ; t. . ! ;oMii' inonev. uut tney sun nav non ano lamiiy maintenance aunng me -o uuu, m na.n. anu x 1 rents snouiu oe 10 men nni- 'But I got the impression of down- If there was more self-control ther right sincerity and whole-hearted- would be less use for asylums, peni- earnestness in God's service. Some of tentiaries, and jails, for most of the us may call his theology media.eval inmates of these institutions are and obsolete in spots. But it is real placed in them because they could not itter.s. His essential J control themselves. Excessive antrer, heir reputation for industry, thrift the non-productive period of farm eousness, to let the Holy Spirit lead. (ren self-control, and not allow them und agricultural skill. It is well known development are eliminated. Briefly, "Billy Sunday holds to his slang to have their own sweet will about hat wherever Belgians have settled the tender of land for these Ameri- and sarcasm because it is his very na- what they want. Curse a child by tho in ihe ITnite.l Stales thev have become can refugees of the War of Circum- ture and he enjoys it, and also he- gratification of every whim and th cause the crowd likes it. It catches the crowd. Its novelty for religion and its raciness pleases both the com mon people and the college men. It is one of his peculiar attractions for the people whom he wants. They understand it thoroughly. 'I did not find him irreverent. What '.;tlui,ble members of their community, stances includes at least ten year l'hc long have been sought by land payment, several acres ready to plant, v.foiniies. the erection of a house,and outhouse, Hearing 'in mind the condition of some live stock, tools, etc., and help the Flemish farmers caused by the from an agricultural adviser. The class A.ir, it is evident that the following of settlers who will be placed in these ue basic propositions in any move- colonies, if the campaign is success- 11 YT-..-l 1 y 1 1 J? I? . -v . , s. liient to bring them to tne uiuteu 1 tui, include iorcign oorn laimei, uu. t1 Tn(iWsraner as irreverent States: farm laborers, who have been in this oten SOUnds very different from his j.'ji-st:-Sonie lawful means must oe country long enougn 10 oecome provided for paying transportation, Americanized, and Americans who including steamship fare. The United once were farmers, or farm laborers, Mates immigration law is specific in but who drifted into the large cities prohibiting any corporation, associa- and "lost out." thm, society, municipality or foreign The argument is advanced that if government, directly or indirectly, such colonies succeed their potential westerner from paying an immigrants steam- value to a land company,, or com- "if Billy -hip passage. lips. Even .his denunciations ot all classes of saints and sinners are not so withering from his lips as they ap pear in cold type. He is a most lik able man bright, good natured, gen- chances are you will lay the founda tion for untold trouble, not only for himself but for society at large. 'Ti3 said Nero was a mild youth, but was so spoiled by having every wish grati fied that he became one of the great est monsters of antiquity. The Bible praises not the strong man who "taketh a city." but th3 stronger man who "ruleth his own spirit." A THOROUGH CASE. (Cleveland Pain Dealer.) Everv school room is sunoosed to uine a thorough American, a breezy hiave jts romancer, or boaster. There was a. mild euidemic in Sunday comes to Balti- n,,irnris rm untown school not long An individual can do munity. is manifest, for their labor not more, I predict that he will stir this aKO and a teacher asked the pupil.? U. and, apparently, a state, but in only will increase the value 01 sur- city as it has never Deen stirred oe- in her roorn how many remembered either case the immigrant is classed rounding land, hut it is reasonable to fore. 1 believe tnat uoq is using mm having the disease. hy the immigration office as an "as- suppose that men, with money, later for special and unique service in the A few remembered it, but most of isted uHen" nnri the burden of proof I will come into a community in which world. He is certainly oomg sacn them had never had it. is laid upon him to show, beyond any men have succeeded without money work and accomplishing sue., results Then the romancer attracted the hubt. that he does not belong to any to start with in otner woras, tne mat ne iuu&l u 1 ruvuncu ,,nn o teacner s attention. ,if itm ,.,i.,.iui .lATYinnatrution will have a distinct of the mightiest religious forces of the "T tret the mump?, teacher, Second: Land, including a house value as an advertisement of strong century. r some character, with some acres pulling quality. leared and ready to be farmed; neces- Contemporaneous with both cam- Moving a clock a distance of a aary tools, a cow, a couple of pigs, paigns, this organization took up the mile from one house to another in some ctn voiwt va offered mtter of bringing together unem- Waycross, Ga., caused it to resume without nteJ 14 eii firt ivivmeiit and nloved family men in northern cities work after it had lain idle for seven u V--J a - r 1 c m . - - he smilingly said. "I get it around my face, so. And T get one by each eye and one under my neck." . .c Juniper from the Indian reserva tions of New Mexico and Arizona may n long time the cost of the improve- who were qualified for farm work and years. Jewelers had failed to start prove an excellent souice o. uia: m-nfAn i olhc? nocessitiea being in-1 Southern farmers who needed such it going, but the jolting succeeded. for lead pencils. 1 1 i 1 i i ; l : I.. t