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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
i t : 1 1. 1 : j 1 1 lti WANT THE GOVERNMENT TO AID DISABLED CONFEDERATES N Jorlh Carolina Chapter of Daughters of the Confed eracy Urged by State President to Write to Congress- men in Behalf of Works Bill. That e;u h chapter in North Caro lina of th- Daughters of the Confed eracy at once communicate with the North Carolina Congressional del-ga-ti(n and urge tli-tn to work and vote fur the Works hill to provide a na tional horn for disabled ex-Confed-erate soldiers', their wives and widow? is requested in a letter which Mrs. Mary Bennett Little, of Wadesboro, president of the North- Carolina Di vision, has Just given to the press. The women of the South point out that since the war the South has paid out nearly fiv billion dollars for na tional pension: and support of na tional Union lumvs, and they main tain that the time has come that the South should have government aid for iU aged, afflicted, indigent men and women. Mis. Little's letter, to the Daughters of the Confederacy in this State follows: To Mrs. Little's Letter. th United Daughtr-Gf the Con federacy. N. C. Division: Through the courtesy of the preys I am bringing before you a movement which calls for official action on our part, the President General P. u. c. having affixed her signature to this movement. The Inspector General of th United States Army, in hli report for 1914, suggests that the National Union Homes at Johnson City, Tennessee, and Marion, Indiana, be discontinued and the inmates transferred to olhei homes, there being an excess of ca pacity over inmates in the ten Na tional Homes of over five thousand persons. A bill recently introduced by Senator Works, of California, a Union veteran and a noble hearted, patriotic gentleman, provides for the turning over of the Johnson City Home, which has capacity of 2,266 persons, to indigent ex-Confederates, their wives and widows, and transfer ring th present inmates to other homes. At the Savannah Convention U. D. C, Mrs. Cornelia Branch Stone, of Texas, formerly President General, made a motion which passed unatii rnously, substantially as follows: That Congress be requested to ex tend the same aid to the homes of the Southern States as it is now giv ing to Northern States homes, viz $100.00 per capita. The bill of Sena tor Works appropriates $300,000.00 lor this purpose as' against $1,100,000 to the State homes of the North. Mrs. Stone, in her remarks, very properly said: "We are asking not charitv. but justice." The South has paid her pro rata of nearly five bil lion dollars since the war for pen sions and support of National Union homes and it is but proper that we should have government aid for our aged, indigent, afflicted men and wo. men. General Fstopinal, of Louisiana, a Confederate veteran, introduced tho Works bill in the House. Both he and Senator Works deserve our sin cere thanks. This is now, Thank God, a United country: the principle of local self- government for which the South went to war, is still an ardent question among the nations of the earth. Nine tenths of the people of the South, who help pay the pensions to the United States soldiers, were children, or not born when the war ended. I ask that each chapter will at once communt cate with its Representative and our Senators on this subject. Faithfully yours, M A II Y" B EN N KTT I.ITTI . President N. C. Division, United Daughters of the Confederacy. Wadesboro. N. C. or as much thereof as may be neces sary, be and the same is hereby appro priated to aid the Confederate homes of the South, extending the tame aid pr capita as is now extended to the State Mnd Territorial homes of the North. Sec tion 4. That the managers elect ed under this act shall proceed as soon as possible to frame such laws and regulations for the government of said home and shall appoint such oriicials and employ such persons as they may deem necessary, at a rea sonable compensation, aggregate not to "exceed $20,000; all of which shall be subject to the approal of the Sec retary' of War. Section 5. That tne Home hereby created and the ir.anugers thereof shall be independent of the managers of the National Home for disabled United States volunteers, but in all other respects shall be subject to the laws, and regulations that govern the National Home for disabled volunteer soldiers of the United States. Section 6. That the title to all prop erly that may be acquired under this act shall be vested in the United States. Section 7. That the sum of $50,000, or as much thereof as may be neces- sarv, oe and tne same is nereny ap propriated to meet the preliminary ex- penses necessary to carry out anove. enactments and shall be available as soon as this act becomes a law. FEDERATION OF WOMEN'S CLUBS Chairman of Literature Calls For Worth-While h,. pers Chairman of Library Extension Tendi-r-Aid. BOND ISSUE ASKED BY HIGH POINT COUNCIL Ono of Objects is Payment of Dam ages lUx-ently Awarded Against the lily. (Special to The Nei ana Ob-seiter.) High Point, Feb. 20. In a recent statement Mayor Fred N. Tate re marked that the city iounhil has unanimously agreed upon a bond is- ue of $40,000 for the purpose of wip ing out all the floating indebtedness which has been made necessary dur ing the past several years because of excess income expenditures occasion ed by providing public necessities in sections of the city where demands were urgent nad imperative, and in completing other simiiur public im provements where sufficient funds were not already available; also in settling, out of court, numerous dam age suits instituted against the city, caused by conditions of many years standing, for which no blame can be attached to any previous administra tion, either recent or remote. A proper funding bond issue bill in the sum of $40,000 has been 'prepared and delivered to Representative Brockett, at Raleigh, with unanimous request from the city council that the same be introduced and enacted into law as early as practicable, as it is the earnest desire of the present coun cil to turn over the affairs of the city to their successors in May without anj' burden of debt as a legacy. These debts were all contracted as matters of pressing and vital necessities and were duly authorized under the pro visions of the city charter, and the council feels that in liquidating the same in this matter thev will be sav ing the city money in the Irate of in terest and at the same time place the financial affairs of the city on a basis which may be beneficial to the incom ing administration. Issued by Publicity Department. North Carolina Federation of Wo man's Clubs. Mrs. Palmer Jerman, Chairman . To the literary clubs of the North Carolina Federation: Allow me to call -your attention again to the contests in the literary Clubs of the State in poetry, short story writing and research work. There are no limitations in subjects in poetry and stories, quality is the point. In the various ciubs in the State there must be many papers very much worth while in -history, literary history, travel, biography, etc.- compiled with great care by the women working in these clubs. Be sure to let me have them. We hope for at least one representative in these contests from each club. Send ma terial, typed, not later than March 1st., to Mrs. Z. B. "ance, Box 673. New Bern, N. C. In order to know what study is going on in the literary clubs, I am asking again for programs of your 1914-15 work. I have two thus far from the sixty or more clubs in the State. Also your chairman of literature is quite anxious to be of assistance in making out your programs for an other year. If you wish any sugges tions write rne a full account of your club, and just what sort of work you wish to do and it will give me great pleasure to do what I can. by way of suggestion. 1 have programs prepar ed on "Four Italian Cities," an "In troductory Tear with Robert Brown ing," also a "Second Year with Robert Browning. Am working on other programs which I hope to have ready in a lew weeks. A program made, out along suggestive lines which you may cut or fill out to fit your particular needs will be of V for the beginning of a small scription library, or a fre brary, and submit to you a organization. .The State Library Commissi, its very efficient and obliging tary will also aid you in plains f, r ganizing and the choice of b...Kc the Commission will send .u Ti, ing libraries without charge, s a library placed in a store, telepr.. exchange or other public place n the same service that a publu- Cr renders and would possibly be means of interesting your- ri;i7r.. having a library of their o-u, I know it is difficult to ansu.r letters from your chairman ;romj, but remember you have chosen th as your leaders in your depart m- work and unless you fcive Them full co-operation they cannot ac',... plish the work necessary to succ... I am especially anxious to b- at.; to report at the annual meeting , the Federation that the women m North Carolina Federation of Club rea.ii:iiij: mat me r uruic I A hrarv fip;i f.K t t;- a dominant iactor in civic e and the greatest educational have, have that w not one town that boasts of ated Woman's Club shall boast of a good library. in mis i appeal to you your interest and aid, offer you my services ir to establish a library in Cordially yours, MRS. A. ir; V W Ui.' Chairman Library l)::t . Oxford, N. C. determined ih, a F'l'iif ey rue--J; , and aguii. heli.'.s vour tuv f FLV .IlIKr AS SAFK VS MAYHK. TO YV K, Text of Works Hill. The Works Rill, which boars the caption, "A bill to provide a national home for disabled ex-Confederaie soldiers, their wives and widows, ts aa follows: fie it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Con gress assembled: Section 1. That the managers of the National Home for Disabied Vol unteer Soldiers of the United States shall as early as possible, distribute tho inmates now at the Mountain Rranch Home, Johnson City, Tennes see, among the other branches, and, that said Mountain Branch Home shall be turned over by or before July 1, 1915 to a board of five managers, to bo elected by Congress, to be used as a home for disabled ex-Confederate soldiers, their wives and widows, and mat tne sum ot ?4uu,uuu, or as much thereof as may be necessary, be and the same is hereby appropriated for this purpose. Section 2. That a branch home be rented at Washington, D. C, for dis abled ex-Confederate soldiers, their wives and widows residing in the Dis trist or Columbia and ror the same class of persons living in States where there are no Confederate homes, and that the sum of $50,000 or as much thereof as may be necessary, be and tre same Is -hereby appropriated for this purpose. Section 3. 'That the sum of $300,000, be furnished any club upon applica- j tion to and correspondence with your chairman of literature. I want to impress upon theclubif that are pursuing literary topics, that such work is indeed very important, not only to tho individuals who are doing the work, but otfen out of study clubs there arise opportunities for work for others. Genuine self-improvement always means work for others. Remember that it was from little groups of women gathered to gether for self-improvement and a cup of tea that many of these won derfully helpful departments of work for others had their births. There must be something that warms the heart, stirs the brain, and calls forth the highest type of service in the sincere contemplation of pure litera ture. For out of this sort of work, often crude it is true, but always genuine in aspiration for higher things, there have com the altruis tic movements that occupy so much of the attention of all of us at the present time. WThile we are killing the flies and mosquitoes cleaning up the towns arid making all of them cities beautiful, let's not forget . to spend more time at the fountain head, let us not forget to give our selves with an open mind and genuine zeal to the intelligent study of "the best that has been thought and said in the world." With keenest interest in the for ward movement of all the studv clubs of the. Federation, I am, sincerelv, MARY IIENDREN VANCE, State Chairman of Literature N. C Federation. Schlett--: 'IV-1 i fiu . I. The Horsey and the Motor. Baltimore Sun. All of us love the horse, that faith ful servant of the innumerable cen turies, and he will still for some years, at least, fill a place of impor tance and affection in our affairs. But his neck is not clothed with the thun der nor, his limbs with the swiftness of this modern marvel, and more and more he must give way to the motor car. In twenty years a horse will probably be as rare a spectacle in our city streets as bne of those machines was twenty or thirty years ago, and in forty, perhaps, he may be rarely seen even in the country. The farm ers are already using the motor car very largely instead of the old time "buggy" or family carriage, and even tually neighborhood motors may plow the lands of their communities, just as thrashing machines now go around from farm to farm. The horse, in fact, is likely to-survive longer for military than for peaceful purposes, but the present European conflict has shown that even in war the automo bile has become an essential factor. Until recently all miners' safety lamps used in the United States ex cept those burning kerosene were of foreign manufacture, but two Ameri can naptha lamps have been per fected. The diseases to which caisson work ers are subject, according to a French authority, are. due to .the fact that, when air is compressed hydraulically it loses nearly one-fifth of its oxygen. From Chairman of Literary Kxtension My dear Madam President: I will greatly appreciate a letter auni juur ciuu rening me ir you xicvvc nuuuj in jour LOWO, 11 it is a free public library, or a, subscription library, if you have a library build ing, a room, a librarian, and from what sources you receive your in come. x uesire wns miormation lor two reason First, that I may gain sug gestions that I may pass on to other clubs, and second, that 1 may be of service to you. The system of free public libraries now oeing estaonsnea in this countrv is the most important development o modern times. ii'-'c ii" u. v .i vuinmuiuty can more benefit itself than in establish ing a public library. Books do mare iiwii Kin' pleasure, inev ar r-:. nvji- ers of our inner lives, and back uf all library work there is the big- fact that there is somewhere, something in print, in book, pamphlet or periodical which is of value to everv in.iivi.iMoi' Libraries help make intelligent citi zens, build up good morals," and hv u,c u-uL'ri.iuNt' nrinein p t u. m - t -. lit maKes one dollar do for many. If you have not already don urge you to begin now to enthuse your club women with a determination to begin at once and not let the vear -131 y pass without a pln f uorary m your midt. Your chairman will bo Jjlad to help you if you will only write her vot'r i-r,. A wm De gian to send ' ' s-ieei! ii-t of books i'erils itf Aiv Solved hv (i. burg. After Kigiif Ynv ew Vork Tribune. Cheers: Mud joy Avi;Mi..a come into its own. It is as sai ; walking, perhaps safer who I.ik,-' If you doubt it, go to 301 Uroad.., Talk with George Schleusselburir .ice be convinced. Or. if von haven't the energy, ponder over this extract from a letter prepared for investors by hir.- and his associates: We wish to call your attention to the unlimited possibilities which tbis extraordinary proposition offers t large and small investors. At la.st u machine has been constructed which makes flying absolutely safe. TUh president of this corporation, Gcorg Schleusselburg, has succeeded (aftr eight years of experimenting) in sol v. ing the problem. In order to enable the invent". i n start with the construction of hi aeroplane on a larger scale. a corpora tion with a capital of $500,00u, all ii common stock at 25 cents par vai i a share, has been formed, of which we offer 200,000 shares for sale ! raise the necessary funds. "It is well known that this country offers better inducements than arty other at present to realize fortunes by the exploitation of a new and revolt?, tionizing idea like the one in qu tion. "The American army is notorious backward in its aerial equipment, and as soon as the superiority of our machine has been demonstrated sat isfactorily to the authorities in Wash ington there is not the least doub; that same will be adopted. We have already opened negotiations to th;t: effect. "Thereis no preferred stock sale, thus insuring to the purcha---.-of even only a few shares in thH stock a. substantial profit." The beauty of the proposition i that orders for as little as ten shun of stock will be promptly filled. Mr Schuleusselburg has the handson- certificates all ready. A few strokes of a pen and there you are. For Si.'."' you can tote away the proof that i own a whole thousand shares. Ac' the certificate is as big and .k. quite as fascinating ns the one th;u goes with the shares., in th- bit ra1'-roads. TWO HURT IN m'NAW.W orarv or a public you a suitn Me rnplin Vung Men Have Narrow I eaiK From Serious flurt. Warsaw, Feb. L'0. K. fowi and Floyd Strickland, two wel!-k:,o-.v t. white men, had" a very narrow -cape from death on Thursday atf-i wnen a spirited horse whi It.: e to noon i . . -i ioe were arivmg ran away an them from the buggy. Tho 'horse had been bitehe. rear of the store owned by 5: Ifines. and when the two yoiin ic ot inr,, the buggy and started uw.is tne horse started Tu run. Mr. ,t i kind had the reins, but the hor- --lone.-d to Mr. Powell. The her made four springs when the rei- -broke, and jtarted at full speed, turf ing tile buggy upside down. if. throwing Mr. Powell ut. seven. 'j "i uifiiisK nr-; i re fiesta, race. e.- ai mouth, be the body. fiesta, rac io:'": m-uisimr him atu Mr. s.tlick'and wa.s bruls body and legs, but Hi!r a-- M r. Po'v-1', ed about the