Newspaper Page Text
THE FARMER AND MECHANIC.
io EQUAL SUFFRAGE .vlJress of Chief Justice Walter Clark Before the Greensboro aunrage I i 1 1 1 i and Fellow Citizens: n will be long before it shall be -. -, ient in North Carolina as well as . im where to say simply "fellow citi , r.s'. It is a pleasure always to come j,. )r ensboro. Your people are pro gressive and open minded. You are billing to hear both sides of any -reposition find then give your voice the. side that seems to be the better rajse. Vou stand for the betterment i eonditions, and from your opinion , after hearing what can be said f. r and against any measure. In h,.rt this town is not fossilized. Its pie belong to the Twentieth Cen tury. One of the leaders down at .;.iioih In the tight to confer equal t?:tl just rights upon women is a dis-in'-ruished .son of your town Sena ;.r llobgood. He had the courage t. Manil for the right and will be if .tnl from in the years to come as .i le.uler. We have heard much of the "sub vu-rged tenth". I am here to say a ;v.rd for justice to the disfranchised - i a a Kin. w nen our uonsuiuuon was ..lined at Halifax in 1776 and at Philadelphia in 1787 representative eminent wa. new. For thousands t yenrt:, down to that time, the peo- I 1 1 t - , X 1 1 ft . ' m n;oi imt puvenieu irieniseives nut ). had been governed by whatever ;...wr held the sword. Only a partial lM-rirnent had been made in a few ;t; -s like Athens and Home where rniption and military violence had ! tiriuated and for three or four cen ' un'. the landed interests in Great '.!-it tin had some voice in the gov- (MiK-nt, checked however by currup i .' i rtnd intrigue. i li".v are poor students of history Hi think that in 1776 we reached a .! iiorratic form of government, as we i.-.v understand popular government. a State constitution at Halifax al- ain't no sich animal." And I told the man that when a man said that the women did not have at least as much sense as the men I would say to him, "They ain't no sich animal." The FJements la Opposition. The elements that really oppose woman's suffrage are 1. The liquor in terests who know that women are in earnest in oppositing their business. It was the votes of the women that at the last election carried the only four States that voted for prohibition, in which women have eoual snffra , every one knows that in all the Txritu w -lldve equal sunxage othr stntcc ,, u.v:. v .. ac (Ji IMllUiUUll their indirect influence has been the In the last 30 daV the mnvmmt geat motive power for prohibition. If acquired accented had Aad the ballot they would constitutional amendmt r" Pave voleQ quor out of all the States pniifll ciiffpti v -, x, . i long f v V , . panscu tne iew xorK legislature by a unanimous vote "i win nouses. One man spoke against it but there his obstinacy fail ed and he voted for the measure. The equal sunrage amendment has passed by overwhelming majorities in the legislatures of Massachusetts, New Jersey, West Virginia, Tennessee and ArKansas. It has passed one house in Pennsylvania, Iowa and Vermont. It nas oeen reported favorably by the e, ow.. w. uyuncai macnines are opposed to equal suffrage fur me men rouncieu ui they fear to lose their control for they know that they can not fool the wo- men as readily. Then there is the vice trust and those who make their profit by handling child labor and by ui'pi asiiiK tut? women in sweat snopus and all those who are opposed to a cleaning up of the community morally and physically. gest number of those who onnnsp "-li mis nas nauoen- i i , ; . thirty davs. North Cam- l Deil'n& 10 in only legislature this vP,r . )UC me classes A. name .ar muse who are pecuniariy interested in TJ,. J. - i . committees in Texas and TemWe n , y ,y a,,y means and is to be submitted as a senarate a11 f h, are J)Posed TO woman's proposition in the new constitfon suftra belonf to these clasps. This which i tn ik.p vntol1 1 i.,r?w! J""J n would be untrue and unjust. The ed in the last lina is the that so far has refused to allow the people to vote upon the question. Besides the above progress there are some 20 other States in the Union in addition to the twelve that have full suffrage in which the women have municipal suffrage or vote tor school officers and in local tax assessments. ine movement too is world wide to ing a part in the government which is to tax them and their property and to pass laws governing their conduct. Kighth, it is said that th ere i tn,- much filth and mire in politics, and women should not be exposed to it il mere is nun ana mire in polities the men put it there for they alone have been running the business. And it is high time we give the women a chance at houecleaning. This is ex actly what has happened in suffrage States. The women have caused the polling places to be removed from the bar rooms and placed in decent surroundings and then they have pro ceeded to remove the bar rooms them selves out of the community. Ninth, a very popular opposition ar gument at one time in the South wa.i that to permit the Women to vol. would be to allow the negro womer. to vote. As the grandfather clause would apply to nero vomn equally with negro men there is no reason to believe that the "chivalry" will less able to keep tbe nero cook from the polls than they have been in keen. ins? me nusoanas ot tne nesrro cook from voting. They can not be chival rous if they can do less for their wives and daughters than they have done for themselves.. Besides there are only !ome 12 5.000 adult negro women m North Carolina, and 275. uOu adult white women. The votes of the eiit,. women therefore will be '25.000 more than those of the negro women and or tne negro men combined, if the lat ter should be readmitted to the suf frage by a decision of the United Str-te Supreme Court under the grand father clause. Indeed, if the latter event should happen the votes of the white women will be necessarv to opposing the admission of women the suffrage. Some of the Objections. I will mention briefly some of the objections that are made to this move ment. First it is said that it is a fad and n merp fpmnnran,- Holncinn rPV sketch that I have eiven of what ha.s "maintain white supremacy. I do not been achieved in the last fifteen vears saV tnal a11 the white women will v.,s,v,.-v,, v. i.i j . i vote trie Democrat ir ticket ir.,i10i TVio ur,r, I, , ... imuugiiuui U1C WUUU illlU Hit! Iliar- . . - J ' 1 " " ' nave equal sunrage witn 1 vplnnc nrnorces fViot vioo va , sunrage lias never proceeded alonir ihe.. en ,in De?mark, Iceland, Nor- ln the last thirtv days, is a sufficient party hnes and th women would ay,oyv uenana jimana in tne rortn answer to this. No movement not forn ine urage if they were not aim in me union or Australia and in based udoii the fundament:,! ponnnmin Iree vote tor what measures and all its states and m New Zeland. In needs of the ae could make such Parties they see fit. But 1 do say that auamon tne women have municipal world-wide and irresistible progress. . vote or tne wmlR women will b sumage in an tne provinces ot cana-l if n were a fad it would he rriwi 011 as one woman in maintenance da, a country territorially as large as when experience had demonstrated e integrity of the white race and luc iiiicix oiai.es, aim m xungianu, that it was injurious or needless But "K111 ut meir nnuren u con- Scotland, Ireland and Wales. Indeed it has not been repealed anywhere and lro1 this country. - - . . "- Yw-ion ine contrary wnerever it nas oeen l xenin, n is saiu mat ir tne women for everything and are eligible for tried it has spread to the adjoining vote some bad women will vote. Men every omce except member of Uarlia- States. have never been disfranchised because ment, and they are sure to get that Second it is swiiri thnt wr.mpn a Where there are some had men who we.i tne mannooa 01 tne htate to at tne nrsi parliament neiu atter the too emotional for the hnltot When will vote. And the nronortion of had I- nij ior tne lower nouse 01 tne war closes, inis is practically agreed Mr. Bryan put Wilson in nomination men is very far greater than that of . ... v.irtir i "e"- at Baltimore tne demonstrated lasted 1 a.u women, ine records ot your iIv l.y voters who owned oO acres of Mo Merc Fad. for nearly an hour before any one courts and jails dennmsirate that. i.is.d fr more. The judges were elect- A movement that is thus world I Coukl be heard, and the tramping and Eleventh, there are those whu say -i by the legislature for life, and the wide m its scope and which is moving marching and shouting resembled that that women do not want to vote. Tbe . eraor and the other State officers onward with accelerated speed is no cf a lunatic asylum. When ltoosevclt best proof of this is that they have hiso eiecieu uy ine general a- meic i.u uui iia-a ivs luuimauoii in wTas nut in nomination at Chicago this aireauy acnievea tne naiiot in so Mibly which body chose the magis- the justice of the demand and in the record was more than surnassed. I many States and countries and have n ates who in turn chose the sheriff need for the suffrage based on econo- might mention manv other instances. I made such wonderful progress as I i! 'l oilier county officers except the mic causes and has been proven bene- i am not condemning the enthusiasm have told you, in the last thirty days. lit; of the court, who was appoint- ncial in the countries and states which of the men on these occasions. But In the States and countries where .1 b the judges for life. Property 1 have adopted it. J I wish to say that the women have they vote about the same percentage- -v:i.- evidently afraid of manhood sur- xnougn iormeriy sunrage was oasea never eaualled such emotional disdav ot men and women vote. in some r-j-e and checked it on all sides so as upon property and other considertions, j as that. - untke it merely a delusion. It was tne present constitution ot North Third, it has been said seriouslv years ueiore tne people were ai- I Carolina r?eoK"ies mai an auuius ua- i tnat it women are allowed to vote ud to vote for governor; nearly 80 five born are naturalized are 1233 they will vote for the handsomest rs passed oeiorc tney were anowea ne uora or na.Lurauz.eu are eiuiueu man. l now unaerstana wny some 1 1 States equal suffrage was carried on the tirst trial at the ballot box. In some States it was voted on twice be fore they got it. In others three times, and in Oregon it was only car- v.le for State senators, and 92 to it except those who are mentally politicals are opposed to their voting, tied when it was submitted to the e:as before they were allowed to or morally deficient Tet us examine Fourth, it is urged that the vote is ballot box for the sixth time, for you r"(e l.r judges. the clause in our Constitution on suf- not necessary for women because will remember that only the men hi ihe Federal constitution formed frage.. It admits to the ballot all they vote through their husbands. But vote, on the matter. Wherever the ft Philadelphia there was the same adults who are native born or natur- do the husbands always vote the views masure has been beaten the next W-erimination. The people were en- alized except four classes. What are of their wives? If they did we would morning the women have reorganized 'l isted with the election of only one- these classes that are disqualified? have a cleaner government and a their lines and started a new cam- nth of the government, i. e., with They are: 1. Idiots and lunatic&be- cleaner town everywhere. We would paign. After the recent defeat of the :; -half of the legislative department cause they are mentally defective. 2. have had prohibition long ago and measure in Ohio at the last election a - the lower house of Congress while Convicts because they are moral de- have had it enforced. We would have New York newspaper said that the U - Senate was made elective at sec- fectives. 3. Illiterates unless their seen other evils disappear which are measure had been overwhelmingly de- ond hrind through State legislatures, grandfathers could vote because as a now tolerated though forbidden by feated in Ohio. The editor of the it took us 115 years to acquire for class they are deemed mentally incom- lay. Who casts the vote that expresses Springfield Republican in Massachu- Jh people the right to elect U. S. petent, and 4. Women. the views of thed runkard's wife? setts with more experience said that Senators. Iist year wa.s the first time Are the mothers, the wives, sisters Then there are in the United States that was impossible, because if an !i.c people of North Carolina ever and daughters of the white men of 8,000.000 of adult women who have earthquake had shaken Ohio up so Ji;cl that privilege. The President was North Carolina disfranchised because not chosen to marry. What man casts that no more ground was left than ruMde eWtiv n third hnd hv pleo-1 tney are morany aeiecuve or Because the Danot expressing tne views or me tiz.e ui . ih-whcvi oion I tli(v are mentally defective? Unless I those 8.000.000? Then th i .t-.t n v.. ior.cn An ot i thev are thev have as much rierht to pra.1 millions of men who have no morning for equal sunrage. .it i.uru ti t.a..i.ia -ithnt nnv enn-I vote as the men and are as competent wives. For what woman's views do man volunteers to say that the wo- -ti'utionai amendment, forced the I to exercise the right of suffrage. They they vote? . in.;, t.r 4 l.n mafia o t ttio I ran not be deemed morally defective 1 tr.;i.v. -v, ; tut v.oii.-.fo 'iiiot i..iv xxitu h riiit that thw for the records oi our courts, our jans OM 0 chetitt0 t- ,ni,kPt nnr1 piai-e uowu nere ruiuw m wcu- Then there are sev- 1 would be organizing on it the next When a men do not want the suffrage it re minds me of an instance that took warn mere figureheads and we thus and state prisons show that there are therefore women have no right to dinf he1 the,pf I -U-fii hieved practically the election of some 20 to 30 fames as many men t More than one-half of the men parw?erfVlheettht ..1 'b- President by the people contra- tried and convicted of crime as wo- who have a right to vote would be yu. tak,e mf" l h?" T & ry to the evident intention of the Con- men. rejected by any recruiting office in the huf an d etc., the response came in .:, ,: .. til. i - . x, 4.:, nrv, 1 3 v, 1 a deep masculine voice, l win. Hii'niiHi. i iiu iiuru uttiiiuciii ox vre lliey int;iii.a.iiy uciwliyc . j. uai i wur iu. viiu on uie umci ucxui unf ile government the ludsres were is the onlv remamine ground wnicn half of the men who tigrnt are under oado appointive at fourth hand by the can be urged. Judging by the evasive 21 and have no right to vote. So those ''re.-ident who was intended to be and often illogical objections urged who carry muskets and those who ho.eii at third hand by the electors against woman's suffrage by speakers vote are by no means the same ele- -ei uh! by the legislatures and sub- who bestow exaggerated compliments ment. Besides if the women do not .eef to confirmation by a State chosen while denying the women their rights, bear'arms they raise the soldiers who it .second hand, and they were given this must be the belief of many of do carry the muskets and should have ife tenures to be beyond any consid- the opponents. But I have never a voice in saying whether there should it ion of the popular will. This last heard but one man who stated the be war or not. If the women vote matter still remains in that archaic objection squarely. I was passing they will soon abolish war and its vil- -Ute. The United States judges are through Caswell county in an automo- lianies as they are abolishing liquor "Jt yet made elective by the people bile and stopped at a country store and child labor and other iniquities. uul still hold for life,- though Mr. one Saturday afternoon, where there Sixth, it is said that woman's sphere b-iTerson one hundred years ago con- were several men, some of whom is her home, and that she can not tended that they should be made elec- knew me, and the suject of equal suf- leave the children to vote. It will not live iUU serve for a term of years. j frage was mentioned. A rather dila- j take on an average more than half i h;ue thus instanced the trrowth or nidated specimen of a man who was an hour once m two years ror a wo- n-atthood suffrage. First to point j whittling a dry goods box spoke up j man to cast her ballot, and if she is ut to you that this movement for j and said: "Wemmen ain't fitten to so overwhelmed by her duties that iff rage to the women is the logical vote. They ain't got no sinse. I outgrowth of this great democratic knows "em." I told him he was en 'novenient to pi are the government in titled to the credit of having the cour ihti hands of the people, and secondly, age of his convictions, and if his state to point out that while men have been ment was correct, the women ought iow in achieving their own emanci- not to vote. Thajfc, be was the only pat Ion and that manhood suffrage is man I had ever Meard give a reason still denied as to one-third of the Fed- for opposing equal-suffrage. But that ral government the choice of the when he said women had no sense he Judiciary this movement for the en- reminded me of a man from a "dark franchisement of the wohen has pro- corner of Wake" (as we call it) who pressed far more rapidly. Beginning came down to .Raleigh to see Ring nnie forty years ago and practically ling's circus.- It was the first one he becoming active only in the last 15 had fen and with round-eyed won year, it has already become a part-of der ne looked at the camels, elephants, the Constitution in twelve great States lions and tigers. But he did not no this country and one Territory, and tice one animal who was lying down 'overs 49 per cent of the area of the in the corner chewing some hay. continental United States. Already Presently the giraffe began to get up one-fourth of the United States Sena- and unfold himself until his head or., one-sixth of the House or Rep- touched the tent pole. The country reientatlve and one-fifth of the presi- man staggered hack and said: "They she can not get that much leisure she certainly needs the ballot badly. We mipht as well say that a man's sphere is his store, his office, his workshop, and following the plow, and that they can not neglect these things to cast a ballot. That was the argument in old times, and the class with leisure and wealth assumed the control of the gov ernment and opposed manhood suf frage upon the identical ground now used against woman s suffrage that the masses had to make a living and were not competent to aid in govern ing- Seventh, it is said that women have no experience in politics. Their brothers when they become 21 have bad no experience but they are at once admitted to the ballot. Girls when they become 21 are in exactly the same state of preparation for tak- Thinking that there was some mistake he repeated the question and there was the same response-in bass. There upon a little fellow in front seeing the embarrassment shouted to the preach er. "Parson, she ie deef and I am an- swereing for her." These men seem to think that the women are deef and deficient. Twelfth, it is said that politics will degrade women. It has not had that effect in any State, county or town that has ever tried it. If it had the movement would not continue to grow. Suffrage has not degraded the men but it has elevated and broad ened them. It will have exactly the same effect on the women. With this addition that the women will broaden and elevate politics. Some ReasJons Why. Only a few words now as to why suffrage for women is just and is needed. 1. We fought the Revolu tionary war upon the principle that there "should be no taxation without representation. Our government is founded upon that proposition. The women in North Carolina own proba bly one-third of its property. What ever share they own, be it little or more is taxed, yet they are denied the right of any voice in saying how much should be taken from them for taxes and for what purposes it should be spent. Mr. Jefferson said that It was incomprehensible that govern ment should refuse the ballot to the mot intelligent women while givinf t -, (Continued on Page Fiftee)