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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC
. 1 FOURTEEN HUNDRED KOREANS LIVE IN THE UNITED STATES, 90 PERCENT OF THEM CHRISTIAN lit .southern MK-iouary News Bureau. IIa ( Clarke, I alitor. It is surprising to note that, accord ing to tin? Missionary Voice, there are in the Fnitd States proper fourteen hundred Koreans, ninety per cent of whom ate Christians. On coming to tbn I'nitiMi states they are beset with a multitude of evils and temptations with whieh in th-ir own land they are unfamiliar, and instances arc not lacking of their .spiritual decline as fc. result. Kxpecting to find a civiliza tion that is altogether Christian, they are ofttimes quite naturally disap pointed and betrayd by skepticism into sin by finding so much that is un- hristian and vicious. Southern Meth odi.st work among them, therefore, is largely to conserve the simple faith which ihey have learned from the missionaries and to build thern up for spiritual leadership when they return to their own land. San Francisco is th center of Ko rean life in this country and is, there fore, the center of mission work for Koreans. Smaller groups have estab lished themselves in Sacramento, Stockton. Sunnyvale and other places, Rev. David I-.ee is pastor of the Meth odist mission for Koreans in San Francisco and, in addition to his pas toral work, visits every incoming Ori ental liner, meets the Korean immi grants, attends to their wants, inter prets for them, and protects them from imposition. During 1913 he paid more than seventy visits to the quar antine .station and a number of times visited the State prison at San Quen tin, where three Koreans are confined. Rev. S. Y. Whang, who is connected with the work as an evangelist, goes regularly to the other centers of Ko rean population, spending some time at each place. During the past year eight adults and ten children were baptized, and the mission came into contact with approximately eight iuadred Koreans. cently I have had two offers of small sites for class-rooms in the native vil lages. I am most eager to obtain these for the moment, in order to es tablish work in some of the more im portant native centers." millions of lives; but exhausted, I fear, in hop, in faith, in courage. Then will come the solemn hour for America to assume far larger re sponsibilities in world service than ever before, when we with our un spent energy, with our fresh courage, will place at the disposal of these na tions the choicest products we have evolved." System, the magazine of business, has recently gathered statistics on "the cost of doing business" from five hundred and seventy-nine concerns. The lowest percentage of cost was 14.5, the highest 2 5. 8, with an average Mission School in Ileathenremple. Ida Anderson, a Methodist mission- cot of rather more than 20 per cent. ary in Changchow, says: Two missionaries, three Bible wom en, tnree assistant leacners are em- nloved in the work at Jast uate, Changchow. There are two schools, witti an enrollment of ninety. The The average for mission boards is about 8 per cent. At a missionary dispensary in India there are sometimes treated in a t."?22.Z. "inety-fUr enBt n,"?hree' hundred SluS. Seven meetings uuims im; 'iuu ici. - ,.;a enT- ratarart were We have been able to rent the "tern- hundred operations for cataract were . . . . . , .. norfnrmed in one vear. Dr. Arcner, pie oi tne goa or war, wmcn is iiei , V,n tloor to our school and chapel. We have secured this for three or four dollars a year and are using it for a drill hall. We held our commence ment in it, accommodating more than two thousand guests. Eighteen giris received certificates for having com pleted the rirst four years of our eight-year course. who is in charge, places strong em nhasis uDon the importance or evan gelistic work on the part of the physi cian and his assistant. Cape Fear alone. But it . . by itself when comp.ir. i other streams in th ui farther west come the v the Catawba, and thre .. - . tic powers as well a rn u v that give small powers b bers that it is a waste of out any of them. I-ittle of them big enough to f-.;i- out of all proportion to )., size, but big because of l some other peculiarity, ,.: where. It is surpri.-in- - some of the small stre.tn pended on to supply uh r the marked fall like som. instance on the l.inil stream that falls ISOrt f . ; ; can afford to be chesty o. to supply electrical po-r what the Linville river ,-. miles from its unction u,-; tawba, and at one pla averages 200 feet to th- : eral miles. In The West, To,. Nor is this all, for wh- ; shed of the Catawba is t westward North Carolina streams putting through gaps, and out the alle into East Tennessee. The vy-,rAraA voir: QP-o there were no rr1;ccinr1.;,rip a Ti a in ore than the Little rennespee. thf 1 r two-thirds of the world was without and the llolston, all have , adequate medical knowledge; today in North Carolina and th- y today there are several nunarea mea- m .o ,,i uu . .'--"- - t a 1 . 1 . are eiiuugn jsu v.iiu.u iiie a Now is the Time to Swat the Fly. er they would develop is !.;, Tennessee river in this St c erage fall for a distance .,f is over 13 feet. The Cheow. fall of sixty feet to the mil. A Messace From Home. Dr. A. W. Clreenman, of an Italy over three million patients mission, says: "We have just hail a rather violent earthquake shock last ing some ten to fifteen seconds. On the fifth floor of our home building Uncle Sam is waging a relentless on the deadly house-fly and in a Te ekase,,: hum uur on B"''ua ,w"-er- 1 late bulletin preparea oy tne paxi- , . . t ., Cull- - i , with the same violence, there must ment of ACTicuiture. valuable infor- inn ILl T J, .V . . have been an awful calamity We are mation is given on the best means of rIVer is not Txcited o ' thankful to Providence which has pre- combating this deadly pest. The Hundred flet to t e C served us nere. i irust mar none or mogt effective way of exterminating prench Broad and ils trib a- TouVtrlriy ' the accoIs Kthe VUlletinnf aToHf fall, and some of n.l', or our property, have surte.ea. tQ eradicate his breeding places. The close to being big powers. Al : u r Urgent Calls for Help. Urgent calls have come from indi vidual Christian workers and from Hiblc societies in Russia, Austria, Ger many, France, Switzerland and Scot land for assistance in the work of giv ing to the vast armies of Europe the word of Cod. In a letter from Iiishop John L. Nuelsen, dated Zurich, he tells of the formation of a strong commit tee in Switzeland to co-operate with existing agencies that are distributing he Scriptures. "During the lasl few du he wtites, "I t cuived some let ters from various countries touching upon this very matter. This morning a gentleman called me up and asked whether I could not help to procure four thousand copies of the New Tes tament in the Russian language, to be distributed among the Russian pris oners of war in Germany. "It seems to me the greatest need is among the prisoners. They have more time to read and are more re ceptive. The American Bible society, through whom the World's Sunday School Association is working, and affiliated European societies report from all fields the same eager desire for copies of the New Testament. In Russia the empress herself has gone to the front to help the wounded and has taken twenty thousand copies with her. The Y. M. C. A. In China. The Young Men's Christian Asso ciation entered China in 1885, estab lishing two city associations and three student branches. There are now thirty-one city associations and one hundred and five student branches. In these these there are are employed one hundred and two Chinese secre taries and eighty-six foreign secreta ries. Four cities have erected mod ern buildings, and in three others such buildings are in process of construc tion. The expressed purpose of the Y. M. C. A. in China, as in other countries, is to contribute to the ex tension and strengthening of the church. breeding season of the fly begins early in March and continues throughout the spring and summer months. All dirt should be removed from the premises, stables cleaned and decay- ing vegeiaDies uesiroyeu. The fly has rightly been called the undertaker's traveling salesman, and in addition to his regular line of "ty phoid bugs," he carries a side line of tuberculosis, Asiatic Cholera and other disease germs. Now is the time to "swat the fly." Itemtf of Interest. President Yuan Ihih Kai, of the into four-pound loaves. Chinese republic, has given 14,000 to West China Union university, at Chengtu, says James M. Yard in a recent letter to the board of foreign missions (Northern Methodist.) tie powrers are on every ini u; The French Broad a nil i are different rivers, the r.r. ..' r out into South Carolina fn.n, . ford, Polk and Cleveland . where it has some moderatvh sibilities and a lot of little on. -French Broad goes into Ka.si t : see, becoming with the H. Ki. , Tennessee in the course of ,.;-., tance down the stream. 'v '. New River, wrhich goes h: Virginia into the Ohio, a n little water powers are at ha High-grade cattle fodder is a new ing the man who wants to r French product from tomato seeds, current for enterprises of m or. The seeds are dried in a furnace, magnitude, or for small induct; . sifted to remove woody fiber, crushed towns and communities. T- by heated millstones, freed from oil tain counties give a lot of i - w- ? in a hydraulic press and compressed fall up there is so pronoun - I i smaller volume of water s r ; niirnnoo rf mnrp water wit'. '. (. r- 'The !'' ' f 1 .lit. Rev. Wilheiin Fetler, the leading Baptist minister of Russia, has been accused of being in league with Ger many and of spreading German ideas in Russia. On December 5 he was arrested and led to prison and was about to be exiled to Siberia. He was then released and given three days to go to Siberia upon his own charges. On account of the frail health of his wife and three-months old baby, he was finally permitted to go abroad instead. He writes: "I have left Pe trograd with prayers for Russia, and I praise God for being permitted to be reviled and slandered a little for the sake of my beloved Lord." The Presbyterian church of Elat. West Africa, has a' membership of 2 - J97, of whom 1,075 were received dur ing the year ending August 1, 1914. In addition to its membership, this church has two classes of catechu mens, or probationers, together num- Thousands of Horse Power on State's Lit!e Streams so it comes that from tiu- inm .! streams begin to gather h.rr. begin also to exhibit a capabili:y men will not much longer i a Providing comparatively big p (Continued trom Page One.) little streams while they ar big fall gives energy, these -t:. as they work down the mount.!.' crease their flow by the .obiitn. tributaries, . until as they re rr. area of lesser fall tney man" o I.-V5 and ;n Thn .it . th fall, i h I IV. t Mini ef f.-r ,f to rivers ';ttli i! - tance above Weldon. With the ex ception of a few miles in Caswell county the river comes from Virginia an tne way irom its formation by the it mn volume. So. f Dan and Staunton rivers. But up on 1 their courses on the longer jo ;r the Dan we find again the small the sen than anv other eastern creeks and the small powers that are take, they continue to afford suggestive of what the little unit in powers mile after mile of the w-.v water power is destined to do for the tn ennnt?h of them have finally j State. Up oh the Smith river Spray to make a big stream, and that .-tream and Leaksville get power from falls comes to a fall big enough to m. Ve of some 30 feet and run extensive fac- big power, and there the litti. a i tones. The Mayo is a bigger stream, eclipsed by the bigger om and hardly to be classed with the lit- PlavirtE- a Lanrer Pa n tie ones such as have been in evi- flaying a u.irgt r dence, yet it is not one of the big The part these little wat-i rivers from which the bis sun. is nlaviner in the State is evid t? DlieS Of Tiower nro r oriiTo At iha milla iYat arp e rowi n ir ..: 'Und i a Trying to Meet GtxmI Need. The Christians at Yawata. Japan, have long wanted a neat chapel or Every since the work was begun there ermg i;,ouu members. they have used an old store building. They believe that they would be able According to the census of India re- to better get people to come to the Cfently published, the total number of services if they i-ould invite them to Christians in India at the time of the a .nicer place. census was 3,876,203. During the The mission has requested money decade since the previous census the to put up a chapel, but the board said increase was 32.6 per cent, and the that it cannot consider this request number of Christians has more than for at least five years. When the aoumed since 1881. Yawata Christians heard this they were of course, disappointed, but aft- The "work of the German missionary er giving the matter some considera- societies for 1914 showed a distinct tiori, they decided that they would be- &ain over last year. The home in- gin a church building fund and con- come increased nearly $500 and 32,- tribute towards it every month. This 000 are added to the total number of is a noble decision, and it is to be communicants reported. commended, but as the Christians do r not number more than twenty-five. The income of foreign mission and none of them receives an income boards in the United States and of more than twenty-live dollars a Canada increased during ten years, month, we cannot expect the fund to 1904 to 1914, from 17,807,992 to $17,- grow very rapidly. 168,611. Kventually another appeal will be made to the board, and the fact that The great and ancient walled cities these have undertaken to do some- of China are now open to the gospel thing to provide a building may prove for the first time. Seventeen nun an additional reason for helping this great walled cities, with thousands of needy church. I smaller administrative creeds are now ! I open for the first time to missionaries. lYogress Ainonir Kabyles. a marvelous condition of affairs. Gen- "We are Just at the reopening oferrLi Y'uan Hung, vice-president of things says Rev. J. T. Blackmore i uninese republic, himself a Chris from Kabylia, North Africa, "In view j a. nas urgea tne missionaries to of the State of political affairs thro-Press upon the home church. "Five nghout Europe, even Turkey, Islam's years hence will be too late." political head, being involved, I had J anticipated much unrest among the Dr. John R. Mott, in a recent ad- Kabyles. liappiiy, I overrated their dress, said: "I have come back from affection for their old oppressors, the the European war zone carrying th TurkH. The usual boasting of the in- heaviest burden on my part that I vmciDUity or the sultans legions, has have ever carried. When the great been lacking in these days. struggle is over, you will find the "Moreover, I am agreeably sur- great nations of Europe exhausted not prised to find the Kabyles very well only economically, not only in the disposed to listen to the gospel. Re- sense of having laid under the ground same time the Mayo is filling its place them everywhere. Here at luo i .rd among tne minor streams, those that the cotton mill probably a;r serve locally and help in this way to indirectly adds at least live ' ' increase enormously the power possi- people to the town. As t lia bilities of the State. from the dam built to run uv i Not so striking an illustration of a sufficient to turn more wheel ii great manufacturing possibilitv as posed to build another mill al Weldon, yet illustrating the value of big as the one now in operatic the minor water power opportunities bigger. So one step invites for local uses is the fall at Rocky one. And if the new mill s.: Mount. The Tar River is not so pro- plans have been discussed for nounced a power stream as most f nower nlant on Rockfish far?) the streams of the State, yet it is help- stream. That would prompt - .."t, - uini xvojy mount a Dusy in- mm or someimng eis. x u- -dustrial town, and there will be an logical place to stop until th independent city, the water power do- the power is reached, and ih-o ill? us snare to bring about the result, far away that we can ma u Also other little powers will be de- where it can possibly be. yeloped up and down the Tar and its Some estimates of the pov- "riaii T tfiS thtT w" nelp like the Nrth Carolina rivers have h. small tributaries of the other hi- h r oil timntes. a:- ?T'JIS2- v..U is .his Pontinual addi- have been based chiefly on x L,J uig units OI tne hie' rivr-e I t ni wot ikf LX..? Stte in. al1 Quarters, here on Rockfish have been i" x iuiu A..v.ny mount to the. Tnnnr.talno I 1 f ft x- nr 1 I. stream? thl u' and on tnose dred horse power, and then cot ; ;. InouSftJ dn inPWff' not bi Upchurch and fastens up pr- ' I "ing things but big thousand in one swoop, and th. t Mo moiv,i- j . lu " - I no account oi a 101 01 tie machines, drive a cotton m;ii i r ,To - CSrri a. . " v I JL 11UI EC UUWX-l Kill Lite ne. UJ?ere a.nd thre, and So who can guess out what shin nrettv iZn V a very town- power of the little horse pow i in&JiSL weU lnpendent of any the State? It Is so much in Big and Little Powers. Carolina could pin their faith North Carolina has A ne afe. Ty- and the little powers. It has them horse cowers of the State woui irom one end of the State to the oth- it a great manufacturing serine V' Jil xts inem ln Ereat numbers other power availed. Tor !V nT-t ri CnfeM r . . 1 - vycuuuuo, is hoi a state on one river system. Going into the sounds are the three systems, the SS'EPXf- ar Neuse- and into the sea is the Cape Fear. The Cape Fear has several sites suitable for big now- fku r"t" VtY J"1? so day ,:u in as r , -r her . tnef r up iher is na mi of so r.oFO ip ir.am. ' the ti : ne no LADIES SSl 7 r-J " piouauiy some day ' wimm. aaiev a5B.Jr - fall into the hands of big ODera.tor obedMU b?oranf-- rr But this river also has oniu m. tLJL rTS na lot of sites for medium Sd SSS.