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THE FARMER AND MECHANIC. i " ' . I, ; , 1 6 8 : I . x - 1 III I I SOME OF THE RESULTS OF COMMUNITY SERVICE WEEK v. .w Conception of Community Spirit Has Dawned Doing Away With the Individualistic View Healthy School Spirit Developed Celebration Will Be Permanent u. r f , I i I! ) . h i. til- : North ii :tl)d Winters in The Banker-Far-:an of Agricultural Comtnls th" American Bankers As- citizens of Pikcville a Carolina village of 600 told forgot individual by appointment for three every rural : ; ?ivs J ' i'. v JUL I!. II. K. GllAHAM. i"red fur the common weal r a iart or a movement as o of fi' i.i .-iunificant as the founding ri" i! dilution or the development ' i i oi canals. i i- minister, teacher, mayor and '''.') public-spirited citizens of l'ike vii:' were seized with a passion i-.: i 'ttnr thiiiKa translated their de int actual achievements. The . i i ship of the community placed f ' "rrect interpretation on the axiom, onstration agent, and school teacher. The Machinery In Motion. ihe machinery once formed into an active agency, a variety of thin? served as nucleus crystallize civic consciousnpss: An il lustrated 86-naere rtamnbipt v,TMf,,i of yuggestions, and helpful 'hints for - m. - -. a Ui. Liilll.O .Ypcuint lo xne advancement of every community in the State was is micu iroin tne department of educa- fcvt.. j i'i i,) iiiuusiiiia copies were nrinl l.I n-..4i. .... i.t i''" " incitij-iwn inousanu were immediately distributed to town and township committees. rV V I ii Iti i i in 1 . . i . '" muT whh vo get a. f?rasp ui atiu.ii conaitions m each commun ii. i-iftuK unci canoiu comparisons of conditions in one community with tiHt.e oi otner communities were com ww iii utt- ucinuuooK. i no needs and Ps.1UiuueK oi the various sections these: Are our roads what thev should l.? re our farmers co-oneratins: as thev should? How can we make our rnm- munity liealthier? What is our com munity doin to teach adults to read and write How can we dpvlrm n. richer social life and recreating ffi- lities, a greater "set -together" spirit among our people? The "Plain Truth About Your County: Where It .Stands and How Tt Is Moving" is a section in the hand book sharply calling attention to the agencies and lore en that are makine or marring individual counties. Com parative tables, county by countv. were compiled on these topics: Power to produce farm, wealth, white illiteracy, church membership farm tenancy, road mileage, b .ys' 1 a , ... corn ciuo enrollment, girls canning club enrollment, and corn and cotton yields under demonstration methods Supplementary to the guidebook, other inspiring literature contributed to stimulate the movement The sec retary mailed six thousand letters to members of-farmers unions and a let ter to every rural school teacher in the State. COMPETITION Ii TOBACCO TRADE Cry That There Is None Bosh, Declares Capt. J, R, Hutchincs Is All the Kditor: 1 noticed a d.tv or ;ig an item in ih- Wa-hinstvo News columns that Congressman of our national a re too l.s i the well-doing of what needs it I'.i t photograph in the mind's eye, tour thousand rural school districts, cftirijily represented by twenty thou rrr.J people, pledged to the support of ft common cause and vou catch in the large perspective the real signi ficance of "Community Service Week" l North Carolina. Why this State-wide gathering fcht-re men, women and children t'liijht assemble to speak, act, play and work for a greater common wealth to crystallize community pirit where the common good might l consulted and determined? other localities and States had observed "Read - Working - Days," r.tean-up campaigns, and other varied jie-day civic programs in efforts to stimulate community spirit, but it re gained for President Edward K. Oraham of the University of North Carolina to suggest the epochal idea f a whole State devoting a week to th? consideration of ail matters of I'ubhe welfare. The Governor a Convert. The governor was a convert to the Me. In his proclamation, designat ing the observance of "Communtiy Service Week", he caught the con structive temper of the original con ception: "The realization of our Patriotic ambition for North Caro lina as a whole depends upon the achievements of the samo ideal in the local community the county, the town, the township, the school dis- 57 Basis. No 43 14 Survey off Kural Conditions. The inauguration of a rural census or survey created a demand for blanks for the insertion of replies to fifty questions of intimate insight into home life. The survey was prosecut ed by the educational forces of the rural communities. Here appended are replies to ten questions, gathered from thirteen counties scattered over the State, of unusual import: Percentage Questions. Yes No. 1. Do you use patent medicines? No. 2. Has the farm dem onstration agent helped you this year? No. 3. Are you a church member? 70 No. 4. Have you helped your local bank by de positing your savings in it? No. 5. Has your bank ever helped you by leanding you money? IS No. 6. Do all your chil dren between six and sixteen attend school? . S2 No. 7. Do you own your farm? No. 8. Do you take a farm paper? No. 9. Do the boys have Saturday afternoons off for baseball or other recreations? 46 No. 10. Would you favor No. 10. Would you favor industrial, agricultural and some high school sub jects in your schools. . . 82 18 Rural communities all over the State caught the spirit of the new adventure in self-government their patriotic impulse was quickened by DR. CLAllKXCK POE, window panes, place shelves in hat rooms, and- repair wnodhouwe and window blinds, . Aside from the healthy school spirit developed, various rural schools took this advanced ground: Organized a night school, obtained a schaal dem onstration acre, formation of a bet terment association, boys' corn club organized, a school building com pleted, and the installation of a mov ing picture outfit in the school. The epochal idea of a "Community Service Week" has been made a fix ture in North Carolina the perma nence of the idea insures a more in telligent and interested citizenship. The endownment of a yearly fund and the retention of a permanent civic secretary safeguards its material well- being and future welfare. The idea gives birth to a new con ception of community spirit; doing away with the extreme individualis tic view which proclaimed every man his own judge, jury and sheriff, and kept the active forces of society in isolation. The newer conception is expressed in the version of the president of the University of North Carolina: "The road that leads by my own door is the road to the end of the world; and the wonderful thing is that for me it is the only road that leads to Farmer, organ of et ,.:;t;t;t;tatat the end of the world." To two Citv Stedman and others law makers had been .mH.i i.tw... t. look into th tobaeco situation to wards raising uriees. $iwi oio-. t..n of legislating ainst toin.vn tirr-.,- I., - . 2 - . . in iii juugmeni we nemoerat inclined to legislate on le;;n mucn anyway. I never cast any other .ie in my life and fed that 1 have a small voire in our policies, being on- of the fam ily. The cry of no competition is all bosh. Tli.. ... i . . - j in-v . iop oi Tooaeoo nas well as any crop in ten years the 1 it 5 1 a crp, which was by of the best crops ever raised, account of a vry strong for mand, it sold etrmelv high. som a except far onrt and on ign ue- ni.l I can not believe any tonae-.. man either planter, warehouseman, or buy er ever expected to see such prices again with a normal erop and normal conditions. Under prer lias sold far of the most more money more relief modify I believe, the spirit of tin- to in every way possible give mer a square deal, and the planters of North Carolina t '.'!:! conditions tobacco beyond the expectations sanguine, and has put n the country an-1 given than any other e in tra de is the far t bacco odav are t her neral tition :n formed Uey JUDGE WHIPS WIFE BEATER. 48 72 66 86 SO 52 57 18 28 34 54 in-taoin Orders Defendant To Take Off His Coat, and Battle Is Staged in Court room. Wilkes-Barre (Pa.) Dispatch to Phil adelphia Inquirer.) Justice of the Peace Henry Miller, of Swoyersville, gave John Kotch, aged 40, whom he called a wife beater, one of the soundest thrashings a man ever got, and when he had finished the job he sent the battered Kotch to the lockup, and will keep him there until he agrees not to beat his wife Mrs. Kotch came to Miller's office with her eyes blackened. She said her husband had beaten her. Miller sent a constable to round up Kotch, and when the accused husband was brought into Miller's court he claimed that the laws of the country permit ted him to boss his wife by beating her. 'Squire Miller ordered Kotch to get his coat off, and then followed one of the hardest battles that any justice has ever fought in defense of women. Kotch i3 big and powerful, but Miller battled gamely with him, and, after battering his nose until the blood flowed freely, and thumping his eyes until they were black, he ended the struggle with a blow on the jaw. TRAGIC DREAMS COME TRUE. trict, the little neighborhood grouped I the movement and it was an in around church or schoolhouse. The plans for development of the Machinery for the practical introduc tion of this ideal as an adventure in self -government were engineered by JMitor Clarence Poe of the aRleigh Progressive Farmer, a far-visioned writer and Southern statesman. The tanners' union forty thousand strong ' the State department of education, department of agriculture, and other organizations strong in leadership splration to labor for the common good. When an isolated school district in an eastern county closed their stores, shut-down their grist mill, saw mills, cotton gin, and banded -together to do service on the roads, county or ganization had become a real science and isolation had been pictured as the mother of stagnation! Thirty miles of improved highways was a bold testimonial to the efforts of this I'ledged their support to the project. I single township on "Public Roads, An executive committee assumed control of the movement. W. C. Crosby, a leader in farmers union circles, was named secretaryi with of ficial headquarters in the State de partment of education. Local leader- j,hi' outspoken in teachers, minis ters, mayors and local farmers' union bi four thousand school districts Pledged a working cooperation. For ty counties were thoroughly organiz ed with the rural Fchool district as a working unit. The personnel of the county and school district committers tmbraced the mayor of the county eat, county superintendent of schools, newspaper editors, .president and sec retary of farmers' union?., farm dem- Grounds and Building Day- Only the Weather Unfavorable. Other communities were similarly responsive to the call for actual serv ice in community development. The unfavorable weather conditions pre vailing during the week was the sin gle Influence to thwart the efforts of the three-day observance. One com munity reported: "Every man and woman of us on the job stockhold ers, justices, patent medicine men, tax collectors, drummers, farmers, registers, and 'regulators of deeds " A community working schedule ran as follows: Repair front porch, saw wood with gasoline engine, put pump in working order, replace broken Woman in Vision Sees Brother With Revolver, Then Uearns of His Sui 1 cide. York, Pa-, dispatch to Philadelphia Record. A story of what seems to have been a premonition of the slaying of Mrs. George T. Miller here last Saturday night by her husband, who later killed himself when cornered by the police, is related by Mrs, Anna Miller of Baltimore, a sister of the slayer. Mrs. Miller, who came to York to day and claimed her brother s body. said that last Thursday night she had a dream which strangely worried her In it she saw a man with a revolver in his hand, a policeman, and two children. After the tragedy she real ized that the man she saw in her dream was her brother. The two children, she believes, were Miller's daughters, who were only saved from the same fate as their mother by B. F. Hibner, who crawled with them from a third-story window and along a narrow ledge to a neighbor's roof. The policeman, she says, must have been Patrolman Ziegler, at whom Mil ler fired when tne omcer came upon him in the home of a brother after the shooting of the woman. in better condition than any class, as well as the people in of the tobacco sections. -Ther is considerable comp the trade, the four companie loom the old A. T. Co., I. Myers, 1'. Uc-rrillard Co., U. nolds Tobacco Co.. and "The New" American Tobacco Co., all go on th market and buy according to the de mands of their factories. And bid mands of their factories, and bid each against the other, and with 33 years as a tobacco auctioneer, 1 say they bid without any compromise of one against the other. Then We hae the, Imperial Tobacco, of Kngland, one of the strongest firms in the tobacco world, large users and good bidder on the markets. Then there, is the Export . Tobacco Co., one of the strongest bidders in the trade. This firm with Jhh. H (Buck) Duke at its head is giving mucn attention, time ana money m upbuilding the tobacco industry in foreign countries. The Japanese through their agents are large buy ers of our tobacco. Then with such large firms art J. P. Taylor Co., John E. Hughes &. Co., Dibbrell Bros. Co., I,. L. Strause, Hughes Martin Co., Dart Tobacco Co., and others I could name, are all largo buyer, and are firm3 that travel the two hemisphires to get orders for- bacco and are strong bidders in the trade. So it is shown at a glance that when any one says that there is no competition in the trade, the facts do not bear it out. This is comparative ly a mean crop of tobacco, with a large per cent of green and nonde script stuff that no manufacturer wants, as people have quit using that kind and lots of it is only suitable for sheep dip. And I have seen low grades even lower than now in the 70s, 80s and 90s and 1905. With the great European war going on it Is a mystery how the market has been so well sustained. The truth is thats ome of our poli ticians are always seeking an oppor tunity to jump on Buck Duke anyway and they don't know a cussed thin about the tobacco business, and it is time they were calling off and let.tha tobacco interest alone. I believe the general feeling in the entire tobacco belt of Virginia, Korth Carolina and South Carolina is to give the trade a rest and hands off. JOHN R. HUTCHINGS, Wendell, N. C. FEW HIT BY INFANTRY. Hard to Explain But It Is a Fact. Paris, Feb. 10. (Correspondence of The Associated Press) The relatively small proportion of men hit by infan try fire has beerrTiplained by the fact that the blue sky draws the aim high. La Illustration maintains that this position is untenable because high fire is often more deadly than low by rea son of the fact that it reaches the re serves who are often assembled in fat more compact masses than the men on the firing lines. In charging position an infantry man's rifle barrel forms an angle ot about 12 degrees above the horizon. At from 16 to 60 degrees the Lebel rifle with the "D" bullet has a range of about 4,400 yards maximum. Sup posing that a considerable part of the fire were drawn high by the blue sky there would be a zone of 150 yard just within the maximum that would be particularly dangerous for the reserve?!. 4 ': t t I -: ' I. ' i.